Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1377
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Schmidt Barbara - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Methylxanthine therapy is commonly used for apnea of prematurity but in the absence of adequate data on its efficacy and safety. It is uncertain whether methylxanthines have long-term effects on neurodevelopment and growth. METHODS: We randomly assigned 2006 infants with birth weights of 500 to 1250 g to receive ...
Adewuya Abiodun O - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The contribution of maternal postnatal depression to infant growth and under-nutrition in Africa has not been well studied. This study aims to examine the impact of postnatal depression (PND) on infants' physical growth in the first 9 months of life in Nigeria. METHODS: A longitudinal case controlled study in ...
Rizvi S A - - 2007
To evaluate maternal risk factors associated with low birth weight (LBW) among women aged 15-35 years, we carried out a hospital-based, case-control study on 262 cases (mothers of neonates weighing < or = 2.5 kg) and 262 controls (mothers of neonates weighing > 2.5 kg). Odds of delivering a low-birth-weight ...
Caton Alissa R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Bladder exstrophy (BE) and cloacal exstrophy (CE) are rare birth defects that have been reported to occur in 1:30,000-50,000 and 1:200,000-400,000 live births. Disagreement exists as to whether they comprise two distinct disorders or are part of a spectrum. We examined epidemiologic trends and risk factors for BE and ...
van den Berg Anemone - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of glutamine-enriched enteral nutrition in very low-birth-weight infants on the incidence of allergic and infectious diseases during the first year of life. DESIGN: Follow-up study. SETTING: Tertiary care hospital. PARTICIPANTS: All surviving infants who participated in a trial of glutamine-enriched enteral nutrition in very low-birth-weight ...
Nohr Ellen A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and neonatal mortality while accounting for the timing of delivery and subtypes of preterm birth. METHODS: The study population included 85,375 liveborn singletons of mothers in the Danish National Birth Cohort (1996-2002) who were interviewed during the second trimester. ...
Ramirez-Ortiz Marco A - - 2007
To evaluate the effectiveness of 2.5% povidone-iodine eye drops (PIED) compared with ophthalmic chloramphenicol (OC) for preventing neonatal conjunctivitis. 2004 neonates were enrolled from three rural hospitals in a trachoma endemic area. They were randomly assigned to receive either PIED (n = 1024) or OC (n = 974). Infectious conjunctivitis ...
Cambonie Gilles - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess betamethasone (BM) effects on the cerebral hemodynamics of neonates with severe chronic lung disease (CLD). STUDY DESIGN: Intravenous BM was given once daily for 6 consecutive days to 12 infants (birth weight: 698 g [range, 650-884 g], gestational age: 25.3 weeks [range, 25-26.4 weeks]) at a postnatal ...
Holmes A - - 2008
Neonates are among the most vulnerable patient groups for healthcare-associated infection with multiple endogenous and exogenous risks. Interpretation of neonatal bloodstream infection (BSI) rates requires stratification for case-mix. We assessed 1367 consecutive admissions to a single neonatal unit over a 34-month period. Four intrinsic and seven extrinsic risks were evaluated ...
Kotaniemi-Syrjänen A - - 2007
Increased airway responsiveness (AR) is one of the main pathophysiological manifestations of asthma. The present study aimed to define the clinical features associated with increased AR in infants with recurrent lower respiratory tract symptoms. AR was evaluated by performing a novel dosimetric methacholine challenge test. Increased AR to methacholine, defined ...
Field D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Comparisons of national perinatal and neonatal mortality often neglect the underlying causes. OBJECTIVE: To assess effects of very-preterm births in the UK and Australia. SETTING: Two geographically defined populations: the former Trent Health Region of the UK and New South Wales (NSW)/the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), Australia. METHOD: All ...
Nelson Paul - - 2007
Hypospadias birth prevalence may be increasing with maternal exposure to endocrine disrupters. Yet hypospadias registers are hindered by data quality concerns. We compare the birth prevalence per thousand male births (BP) and ascertainment of hypospadias in the South East of England between 1st January 1997 to 31st September 1998 in ...
Rocha Gustavo - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the association between histological chorioamnionitis and brain damage (intraventricular hemorrhage and cystic periventricular leukomalacia) in the preterm newborn. METHODS: This was a retrospective study on neonates born at less than 34 weeks gestational age, and their respective mothers, at three tertiary medical centers in the north of ...
Jiang Li-Li - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation between air pollution exposure and preterm birth in Shanghai, China. METHODS: We examined the effect of ambient air pollution on preterm birth using time-series approach in Shanghai in 2004. This method can eliminate potential confounding by individual risk factors that do not change over a ...
Leonard Helen - - 2008
The authors investigated the association between intrauterine growth and intellectual disability (ID). The appropriateness of intrauterine growth was assessed using percentage of optimal birth weight, a measure that accounts for gestational age, maternal height, parity, and infant sex. Using population-based record linkage, singleton Caucasian and Aboriginal children born in Western ...
Chee Cornelia Y I - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Perinatal depression is common, but women typically do not seek help for it. We studied its association with frequent non-routine physician visits, which may be a form of help-seeking behaviour. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of women in their 34th to 38th week of pregnancy at the outpatient obstetrics ...
Joseph K S - - 2007
The health care system in Canada provides essential health services to all women irrespective of socioeconomic status. Our objective was to determine whether perinatal and infant outcomes varied by family income and other socioeconomic factors in this setting. We included all 92,914 women who delivered in Nova Scotia between 1988 ...
Simpson Jill - - 2007
Data from a national case-control study are used to explore the relationships between childhood leukaemia, infant infection and three markers of infectious exposure - birth order, infant-activity group attendance and area-based deprivation. Amongst controls, clinically diagnosed infection in the first year varied little with birth order and infant-activity group attendance ...
Boo Nem-Yun - - 2007
AIM: To compare weight gain and head growth in very-low-birthweight (VLBW, <1501 g) infants with or without exposure to short duration of skin-to-skin contact (STSC) during their stay in a neonatal intensive care unit. METHODS: Stable VLBW infants were randomised into either STSC or control group. Parents of the STSC ...
Groom Katie M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Evidence of placental disease and poor perinatal outcome is more common in infants who are small by customized centiles, compared with population centiles. Because preterm births are more likely to be associated with placental pathology, a greater proportion of preterm births are likely to be small for gestational age ...
Bakker Marian K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In case-control studies on teratogenic risks of maternal drug use during pregnancy, the use of normal or malformed controls may lead to recall-bias or selection bias. This can be avoided by using controls with a genetic disorder. However, researchers are hesitant to use these as controls because it is ...
Faber Mieke - - 2007
The study was undertaken to determine anthropometric measurements, sociodemographic data, and dietary intake of 238 anaemic and 241 non-anaemic rural South African infants aged 6-12 months. Logistic regression with anaemia as a dependent variable showed an odds ratio (OR) of 1.89 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.01-3.52) for low birth-weight, 2.04 ...
Lorch Scott A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of race and ethnicity on the use of oral beta-agonists, inhaled beta-agonists, and inhaled corticosteroids to treat respiratory symptoms in former premature infants after controlling for medical conditions, socioeconomic status, and site of outpatient care. STUDY DESIGN: Using a population cohort of infants born at ...
Pittard William B WB - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that infants experiencing the recommended number of early and periodic screening, diagnosis, and treatment (EPSDT) visits have better health outcomes than infants with fewer visits. STUDY DESIGN: Data represent all health encounters for Medicaid-insured infants of mothers aged at least 18 years in South Carolina, ...
Kuklina Elena V - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The accuracy of maternal morbidity estimates from hospital discharge data may be influenced by incomplete identification of deliveries. In maternal/infant health studies, obstetric deliveries are often identified only by the maternal outcome of delivery code (International Classification of Diseases code = V27). We developed an enhanced delivery identification method ...
Wang I J - - 2007
Previous studies of predictors of atopic dermatitis (AD) in Asia have had limited sample size and small numbers of variables focused primarily on family history or dietary exposures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of various environmental risk factors for early infantile AD. We used multistage, ...
Martens Patricia J - - 2007
Full-term newborn normative weight loss and factors influencing this were determined through chart audits (n = 812) at 6 hospitals in Manitoba, Canada. The effects of parity, gestational age, birth weight, sex, length of stay, type of delivery (cesarean vs vaginal), epidural use, and type of infant feeding (exclusively breastfed, ...
Torrance Helen L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study respiratory outcome in preterm small for gestational age (SGA) fetuses with or without signs of intrauterine growth restriction due to placental insufficiency, and with or without maternal hypertension. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 187 neonates with birth weight <10(th) percentile and gestational age <34 weeks. ...
Dolan Siobhan M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of birth defects on preterm birth and low birth weight. METHODS: Data from a large, prospective multi-center trial, the First and Second Trimester Evaluation of Risk (FASTER) Trial, were examined. All live births at more than 24 weeks of gestation with data on outcome and ...
Nelson Scott M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Serum concentrations of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) correlate with oocyte yield in assisted reproduction treatment (ART) cycles, however, performance of AMH for prediction of live birth is unknown. METHODS: A total of 340 first cycle IVF/ICSI patients (median age 34.0 years, inter-quartile range 31.0-37.0 years), had basal plasma AMH and ...
Halldorsson Th I - - 2007
The authors examined the relation between fish consumption during pregnancy and fetal growth among 44,824 women from the Danish National Birth Cohort (1996-2002). They evaluated the associations between consumption of total fish, fatty fish, and lean fish in midpregnancy and birth weight, birth length, and head circumference among singleton full-term ...
Hafeman Danella - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Manganese is a common natural contaminant of groundwater in Bangladesh. In this cross-sectional study we assessed the association between water manganese and all-cause infant mortality in the offspring of female participants in the Health Effects of Arsenic Longitudinal Study Cohort. METHODS: In 2001, drinking water samples were collected, a ...
Elimian Andrew - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare betamethasone with dexamethasone in terms of effectiveness in reducing perinatal morbidities and mortality among preterm infants. METHODS: We enrolled 299 women at risk for preterm delivery in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial of antenatal betamethasone compared with dexamethasone at Stony Brook University Hospital from August 2002 through ...
Gagnon Anita J - - 2007
Minority women from conflict-laden areas with limited host-country knowledge are among the most vulnerable migrants. Their risk status and that of their infants is magnified during pregnancy, birth, and post-birth. We conducted a study to determine whether women's postnatal health concerns were addressed by the Canadian health system differentially based ...
Bell Michelle L - - 2007
Several studies have examined whether air pollution affects birth weight; however results vary and many studies were focused on Southern California or were conducted outside of the United States. We investigated maternal exposure to particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter < 10, < 2.5 microm (PM(10), PM(2.5)), sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, ...
Hintz Susan R SR NICHD Neonatal Research Network. - - 2007
We hypothesized that inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) would not decrease death or neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in infants enrolled in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Preemie iNO Trial (PiNO) trial, nor improve neurodevelopmental outcomes in the follow-up group. Infants <34 weeks of age, weighing <1500 g, with ...
Barfield Wanda D - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Access to Early Intervention (EI) services may improve cognitive and behavioral outcomes in very low birth weight infants, but few states have population-based data to evaluate EI outreach efforts. We analyzed Massachusetts (MA) infants born weighing <1,200 g to identify maternal and birth characteristics that predicted EI referral and ...
Southwick K L - - 2007
We studied predictors of no prenatal care (PNC) and influence of no PNC on pregnancy outcome in a multisite study of 1071 women with syphilis in Russia. We assessed PNC utilization, HIV testing, syphilis treatment, and pregnancy outcome. We found that 37% of women with syphilis received no PNC, and ...
Zhu Motao - - 2007
To estimate the association of rear seat safety belt use with death in a traffic crash. Matched cohort study. The US during 2000 through 2004. Drivers (10,427) and rear seat passengers (15,922) in passenger vehicles that crashed and had at least one driver or rear passenger death. Data from the ...
Wu Ting - - 2007
The authors investigated whether polymorphisms in two maternal metabolic genes, cytochrome P-450 1A1 (CYP1A1) MspI and epoxide hydrolase 1 (EPHX1) Tyr113His, affect the association of maternal passive smoking with infant birth weight. The study was conducted in a cohort of 1,388 newly married mothers of liveborn singletons who worked in ...
Chen X K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of pregnancy-induced hypertension on infant mortality in triplets stratified by gestational age at birth. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the linked 1995-2000 US birth/infant death database. Generalized estimating equations were used to evaluate the observed association. RESULTS: Pregnancy-induced hypertension was associated with ...
Forrester Mathias B - - 2007
Information on the genetic counseling facility utilization by families with offspring affected by birth defects in the United States is limited. The intent of this study was to report on genetic counseling utilization in Hawaii. Cases were all infants and fetuses of any pregnancy outcome with major birth defects included ...
Rodrigues Teresa - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Short interpregnancy intervals are related to increased prevalence of adverse perinatal outcomes. However, the reported association with preterm birth might be due to confounding by factors such as previous pregnancy outcomes, socioeconomic level or lifestyles. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of short interpregnancy interval ...
Davey Smith George - - 2007
The authors have investigated associations between offspring size at birth and parental cardiovascular disease mortality among 12,086 mothers and 6,936 fathers of participants in the British 1958 birth cohort. Birth weight was inversely associated with all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality in both mothers and fathers. The adjusted hazard ratio of ...
Wolfe F - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is an important complication of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or its treatment, and is associated with substantially increased mortality. Reports have suggested that infliximab with or without azathioprine might lead to rapidly progressive or fatal ILD. We used an RA data bank to assess the associations ...
Diamond Ivan R - - 2007
PURPOSE: To examine predictors of a false-positive (FP) result on contrast enema (CE) for the diagnosis of Hirschsprung disease (HD). METHODS: Retrospective analysis, over a 5-year period (1999-2004), of infants (<6 months of age) with suspected HD undergoing rectal biopsy following abnormalities identified on CE (transition zone [TZ], abnormal rectosigmoid ...
Walsh Thomas J - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the risk of hospitalization for pyelonephritis within the first year of life among infants with and without antenatal hydronephrosis. METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis was performed using linked birth-hospital discharge records from Washington State for 1987 to 2002 to evaluate the risk of hospitalization in the first ...
Dyke Peter C PC - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the association of calcium replacement therapy with morbidity and mortality in infants after cardiac surgery involving cardiopulmonary bypass. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: The cardiac intensive care unit at a tertiary care children's hospital. PATIENTS: Infants undergoing cardiac surgery involving cardiopulmonary ...
Iossifova Y Y - - 2007
(1-3)-Beta-D-glucan is a fungal cell wall component, suspected to cause respiratory symptoms in adults. However, very little is known on the possible health effects of (1-3)-beta-D-glucan during infancy. We examined the association between (1-3)-beta-D-glucan exposure and the prevalence of allergen sensitization and wheezing during the first year of life in ...
MacCabe James H JH Section of General Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, UK. - - 2007
Affective psychosis has its peak incidence during the childbearing years, but little is known about the effects of the illness on pregnancy. We investigated risks of preterm delivery (PTD), low birthweight (LBW), births of infants small for their gestational age (SGA), stillbirth and infant death in births to mothers with ...
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