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Barlow Sm S SPLH, Programs in Neuroscience, Human Biology, and Bioengineering, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas - - 2014
The precocial nature of orofacial sensorimotor control underscores the biological importance of establishing ororythmic activity in human infants. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of comparable doses of three forms of orosensory experience, including a low-velocity spectrally reduced orocutaneous stimulus (NT1), a high-velocity broad spectrum orocutaneous ...
Hojsak Iva I *University Children's Hospital Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia †University Children's Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland ‡Department of Paediatrics, University Hospital Motol, Prague, Czech Republic §Department of Paediatrics, University of Granada, Spain ||Paris France ¶Department of Paediatrics, University of Pecs, Hungary #Department of Clinical Sciences, Pediatrics, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden **Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK ††Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, University Children's Hospital, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Slovenia ‡‡Department of Pediatrics, Harlaching, Munich Municipal Hospitals, Munich, Germany §§Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, and 1Hans Christian Andersen Children's Hospital, Odense University Hospital, Denmark ||||Pediatrics, VU University Medical Center Amsterdam Netherlands and Pediatrics, Emma Children's Hospital-AMC, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. 1Secretary of CoN: Walter Mihatsch. 2Chair of CoN: Johannes van - - 2014
Inorganic arsenic intake is likely to affect long-term health. High concentrations are found in some rice-based foods and drinks widely used in infants and young children. In order to reduce exposure we recommend avoidance of rice drinks for infants and young children. For all rice products, strict regulation should be ...
Kuchenbecker J - - 2014
Background: For the optimal nutrition of children under 2 years of age, it is considered important that they be exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months before being given complementary food. Aims and Objectives: A cross-sectional nutritional baseline survey was undertaken in 2011 in the Kasungu and Mzimba Districts of ...
Edwards Taryn M TM Newborn/Infant Intensive Care Unit, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Ms Edwards and Dr Spatz); and University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Wilmington, Delaware (Dr - - 2014
Congenital hyperinsulinism is a genetic condition causing dysregulation of insulin and results in persistent hypoglycemia. The most common types are sulfonylurea receptor (SUR1), potassium inward rectifying channel (Kir6.2), glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH), and glucokinase (GK), with SUR1 and Kir6.2 being the most prevalent. It is imperative that these infants undergo diagnostic ...
Abuidhail Jamila J Jamila Abuidhail is an Assistant Professor at The Hashemite University, Faculty of Nursing- Maternal, Child and Health Nursing Department. Highway Road, Zarqa 13115, Jordan. She can be reached via e-mail at jamila302000@yahoo.com and - - 2014
To identify the practice of Jordanian women regarding colostrum and complementary feeding during the postpartum period. A prospective, cross-sectional, descriptive design was used to investigate the practices of colostrum and complementary feeding. A convenience sample of 572 postpartum women was recruited from postpartum units at three governmental hospitals and three ...
Capilouto G J GJ Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Kentucky, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Independent oral feeding requires coordination of suck, swallow and breathe and the lingual musculature plays a significant role in this coordinative action. However, clinical benchmarks of lingual function fundamental to successful feeding have not been explored. The present study tests our model for quantifying infant lingual force and size and ...
Lima Mayara S R MS Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, RN, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
to systematize information about vitamin E concentration in human milk and the variables associated with this composition in order to find possible causes of deficiency, supporting strategies to prevent it in postpartum women and infants. studies published between 2004 and 2014 that assayed alpha-tocopherol in human milk of healthy women ...
Agostoni Carlo C a Department of Pediatrics, Fondazione IRCCS C´a Granda-Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico , University of Milan , - - 2014
ABSTRACT Allergy to cow's milk proteins is a challenging condition in early infancy. Allergic infants may be predisposed to impairments of growth for either the disease itself or the nutritional constraints of the exclusion diet they should follow. Formulae based on extensively hydrolysed cow's milk proteins are widely used, representing ...
Hsiao Chien-Chou CC Department of Neonatology, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, Taiwan; School of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, - - 2014
Recent advances in perinatal and neonatal intensive care have resulted in significant improvements in the survival of preterm extremely low-birthweight (PELBW) infants; however, extrauterine growth restriction (EUGR) and undernutrition occur frequently during hospitalization and are associated with adverse outcomes, including bronchopulmonary dysplasia, sepsis, and neurodevelopmental impairment. Early optimal parenteral nutrition ...
Embleton Nicholas D ND Newcastle Neonatal Service, Newcastle Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Newcastle, UK Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle, - - 2014
Nutrient intakes in preterm infants are frequently inadequate and are associated with worse neuro-developmental outcome. Preterm infants take time to establish enteral intakes, and parenteral nutrition (PN) is now an integral component of care. Despite this, the evidence base for PN intakes is extremely limited. There remains uncertainty over safe ...
Laborie Sophie S Hospices Civils de Lyon, Hôpital Femme Mère Enfant, Bron, France Hospices Civils de Lyon-Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, Pierre-Bénite, France - - 2014
Introduction: Oxidant stress is implicated in the pathogenesis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Light induces peroxide generation in parenteral nutrition (PN) solutions, creating an oxidant stress. Shielding PN from light decreases its peroxide content, which has nutrition and biochemical benefits in animals and humans. This study aims at determining whether full ...
Linares Ana M AM College of Nursing, University of Kentucky, 315 College of Nursing Building, Lexington, KY, 40536-0230, USA, - - 2014
Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is the most efficacious form of infant feeding and nutrition. Hispanic mothers in the US are more likely than mothers of other racial/ethnic groups to supplement with formula in the first 2 days of life. The purpose of this study was to explore infant feeding intentions during the ...
Hipgrave D B DB 1] Health Section, UNICEF, New York, NY, USA [2] Health, Nutrition and WASH Section, UNICEF Office for China, Beijing, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) has not been documented in central and western China, where anaemia is prevalent. To support policy advocacy, we assessed IYCF and anaemia there using standardized methods.Subjects/Methods:A community-based, cross-sectional survey of 2244 children aged 6-23 months in 26 counties of 12 provinces. Analysis of associations ...
Olmedo Sofia Irene SI Programa de Ecología Reproductiva en el Chaco Argentino, Fundación Ecosistemas del Chaco Occidental, Formosa, - - 2014
As of six months of life, breastfeeding no longer covers an infant's energy or micronutrient needs, so appropriate complementary feeding should be provided. The objective of this study was to assess the time and adequacy for introducing complementary feeding in a Qom/Toba population and analyze the sociocultural concepts of families ...
Nzegwu Nneka I NI Section of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar Street, PO Box 208064, New Haven, CT 06520-8064, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Due to advancements in neonatology, the survival of very-low-birth-weight infants, especially extremely low-birth-weight infants continues to rise. The goal of nutrition in these preterm infants is to match the intrauterine growth curves of the normally growing fetus. Despite this recommendation from the American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Nutrition, neonatologists ...
Pfister Katie M KM Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, 2450 Riverside Avenue East Building MB 630, Minneapolis, MN 55454, - - 2014
Despite advances in care, preterm infants exhibit disproportionate growth and neurodevelopmental delay attributable to both nutritional and nonnutritional factors. These infants have prolonged linear stunting and decreased fat-free mass compared with their term counterparts. These 2 metrics index organ growth and development (including the brain) and protein accretion. Protein, along ...
Clark Reese H RH The Center for Research, Education, and Quality, MEDNAX Services/Pediatrix Medical Group/American Anesthesiology, 1301 Concord Terrace, Sunrise, FL 33323-2825, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The concept that adequate nutritional status and normal growth are important is well-accepted. How to assess the adequacy of nutrition and how to define appropriate growth remains an area of active debate. Our goal is to review how growth is assessed at birth and during the hospital stay of prematurely ...
Ditzenberger Georgia - - 2014
Nutritional support for premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit setting is complex. Such infants have conditions unique to this period of the lifespan requiring specialized care management, both of which may impede the provision of adequate nutrition to support basal metabolic needs. Premature infants require optimum nutritional intake ...
Ma Defu D Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Peking University Health Science Center, 38 Xueyuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100191, China. - - 2014
This study aimed to assess the nutritional status of infants aged 0 to 5 months by different feeding approaches. A cross-sectional study on infant nutrition was performed in eight cities in China. A total of 622 infants from birth to 2 months of age and 456 infants from 3 months ...
Neiva Flávia C B FC College of Medicine, University Hospital Jundiai, Jundiai, SP, - - 2014
The assessment of early sucking by preterm infants provides information on the ability of these infants to efficiently and safely receive nutrients via an oral route (oral feeding). To analyze the application and reliability of an instrument in assessing non-nutritive sucking that indicates a capacity for oral feeding in the ...
Weaver G G Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK UK Association for Milk Banking, London, UK European Milk Bank Association, Milan, - - 2014
: Donor breastmilk (DBM) is the recommended second choice of enteral feed for preterm infants.(1) The aim of this study was to develop a simple protocol for the determination of the macro nutrient composition of DBM in a human milk bank. There are wide variations in the nutritional composition of ...
C Gale Dr D Influencing Long-Term Health Through Infant - - 2014
My overall objective is to improve long-term health through infant nutrition. My current research is directed at the following interlinked themes: identifying biomarkers of later metabolic health, developing randomised controlled trials of nutritional interventions using routine clinical data, and involving parents in research design. A potential mechanism linking early nutrition ...
Boyle Em E University of Leicester, Leicester, - - 2014
Infants born late/moderately preterm (LMPT; 32-36 weeks' gestation) have increased risk of adverse outcomes compared with term-born infants. It is unclear whether differences relate to prematurity per se, or to problems occurring during pregnancy leading to medically indicated delivery. To explore outcomes in LMPT and term infants born following spontaneous ...
Green J J Morgan CLiverpool Women's Hospital, Liverpool, - - 2014
The Standardised, Concentrated with Added Macronutrients Parenteral (SCAMP) nutrition regimen is a method of hyperalimentation shown to improve early head growth in very preterm infants.(1) Early hyperalimentation has been associated with potassium/phosphate deficits.(2) The SCAMP regimen uses standardised supplementary electrolyte infusions to immediately correct deficits. We hypothesised that the SCAMP ...
Guratsky V V Arrowe Park Hospital Neonatal Unit, Wirral, - - 2014
: A retrospective audit looking at nutrition, feeding and weight gain in VLBW infants has shown that the introduction of a weekly nutrition WR has increased calorie intake and consequently improved weight gain. Data from 50 VLBW infants was audited against current parenteral and enteral feeding policies on a tertiary ...
Courtney J J Royal Jubilee Maternity Hospital, Belfast, - - 2014
: The practices and support for delivery of Neonatal Parenteral Nutrition (PN) in Northern Ireland were audited against standards derived from the ESPGHAN guidelines, NCEPOD Report on PN and the NICE Quality Standards for Specialist Neonatal Care. The records of the first 40 babies consecutively admitted to 5 neonatal units ...
Courtney J J Royal Jubilee Maternity Hospital, Belfast, - - 2014
: The practices and support for delivery of Neonatal Enteral Nutrition (EN) in Northern Ireland were audited against standards derived from the NICE Quality Standards for Specialist Neonatal Care. The records of the first 40 babies consecutively admitted to 5 neonatal units in Northern Ireland after 1st April 2012 were ...
Abrams Steven A SA 1 Children's Nutrition Research Center, U.S. Department of Agriculture/Agricultural Research Service; and Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine , Houston, - - 2014
Abstract Background: Provision of human milk has important implications for the health and outcomes of extremely preterm (EP) infants. This study evaluated the effects of an exclusive human milk diet on the health of EP infants during their stay in the neonatal intensive care unit. Subjects and Methods: EP infants ...
Pani Paola - - 2014
Adequate complementary feeding is recognized as an important predictor of health later in life. The objective of this study was to describe the feeding practices and nutrients' intake, and their association with breastfeeding at six months of age, in a cohort of infants enrolled at birth in the maternity hospital ...
Desai Amy A Center for Human Nutrition, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, - - 2014
Only 5.8% of Zimbabwean infants are exclusively breastfed for the first 6 mo of life despite substantial investment in exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) promotion throughout the country. We conducted a survey of 295 mothers of infants <6 mo of age who were recruited from rural immunization clinics and outreach sites in ...
Ten Bruggencate Sandra Jm SJ NIZO food research, Ede, The - - 2014
Human milk is a rich source of oligosaccharides. Acidic oligosaccharides, such as sialyllactose (SL), contain sialic acid (SA) residues. In human milk, approximately 73% of SA is bound to oligosaccharides, whereas only 3% is present in free form. Oligosaccharides are highly resistant to hydrolysis in the gastrointestinal tract. Only a ...
Obladen Michael M Department of Neonatology, Charité University Medicine, Berlin, - - 2014
Artificial feeding of infants, called hand-feeding, was unsafe well into the 19th century. This paper aims to identify technical innovations which made artificial feeding less dangerous. In rapid succession from 1844 to 1886, the vulcanization of rubber, production of rubber teats, cooling machines for large-scale ice production, techniques for milk ...
Simon Laure L Department of Neonatology, CHU de Nantes, Nantes, France (LS, AF-C, CF, and J-CR); Institut National de Recherche Agronomique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 1280 Physiologie des Adaptations Nutritionnelles, Institut des Maladies de l'Appareil Digestif, Université de Nantes, Centre de Recherche en Nutrition Humaine Ouest, Nantes, France (LS, AF-C, CF, DD, and J-CR); the Department of Neonatology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège, Centre Hospitalier Régional de la Citadelle, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium (TS); and the Clinical Research Center, Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, Centre d'Investigation Clinique 004, University Hospital, Nantes, France (LS, AF-C, CF, and - - 2014
Preterm infants have a higher fat mass (FM) percentage and a lower fat-free mass (FFM) than do term infants at the time of hospital discharge. We determined perinatal and nutritional factors that affect the body composition of preterm infants at discharge. A total of 141 preterm infants born at <35 ...
Deming Denise M DM Nestlé Nutrition Global R&D, Florham Park, NJ. Electronic address: - - 2014
To describe feeding practices and food consumption of infants and children participating in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). National, cross-sectional analysis of 24-hour dietary recall data from the 2008 Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study. Random sample of infants (6-11 months of age), toddlers (12-23 ...
Thornton Hannah E B HE School of Family and Consumer Sciences, Texas State University, San Marcos, - - 2014
To assess nutrient intakes after the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) package changes within an at-risk, majority Hispanic population of WIC infants and toddlers in Central Texas. For this cross-sectional observational study, Nutrition Data System for Research was used to collect 24-hour recalls of infants ...
Grieger Jessica A JA Robinson Institute, School of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health, Lyell McEwin Hospital, Elizabeth Vale, SA, - - 2014
Maternal nutrition can have a profound effect on fetal growth, development, and subsequent infant birth weight. Preconception dietary patterns have not been assessed in relation to perinatal outcomes. The objectives were to identify associations between maternal dietary patterns in the 12 mo before conception on fetal growth and preterm delivery. ...
Kamhawy Heba - - 2014
To assess how non-nutritive sucking (NNS) using a pacifier affected physiological and behavioral outcomes of preterm infants. Short-term longitudinal, experimental design. The study took place at the neonatal intensive care unit at Al-Mansoura, Egypt. Forty-seven preterm infants were divided into intervention and control groups. Preterm infants in the intervention group ...
Shim So-Yeon SY Department of Pediatrics, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Inadequate nutrition in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants is known to be associated with growth failure and poor neurological outcomes. We aimed to investigate the association of early aggressive protein and energy intakes with weight gain and 18 month neurodevelopmental outcomes in VLBW infants. A total of 90 infants ...
Brown Nadine M NM Division of Clinical Mass Spectrometry, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, - - 2014
S-(-)7-hydroxy-3-(4'-hydroxyphenyl)-chroman, or S-(-)equol, a biologically active intestinally derived bacterial metabolite of the soy isoflavones daidzin/daidzein, is not produced in neonatal life. Because its synthesis is dependent on equol-producing bacteria, we hypothesized that early nutrition may influence equol production. This prospective 2.5-year study determined the frequency of S-(-)equol production in healthy ...
Obladen Michael - - 2014
Abstract This paper describes historic steps in feeding techniques and knowledge on the nutritional needs of premature infants. Devices to overcome weak sucking and swallowing were developed from 1851 to 1920, including tube feeding by gavage, medicine droppers and pipettes, feeding bottles with an air inlet, and beaked spoons for ...
Vlaardingerbroek Hester H *Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Erasmus MC, Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands †Department of Mother and Child Health, Salesi Children's Hospital, Ancona, Italy ‡Department of Clinical Chemistry and Pediatrics §Department of Pediatrics, Emma Children's Hospital, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants are dependent on parenteral nutrition after birth. A parenteral lipid emulsion with a multicomponent composition may improve growth and neurodevelopment and may prevent liver injury, which is often observed in association with long-term parenteral nutrition with pure soybean oil. Our aim was to evaluate the safety and ...
Hayashi Hisako H Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Fukui, Yoshida-gun, - - 2014
Amino acid formulas and hydrolyzed formulas given to infants in Japan with milk allergies theoretically contain little, if any, biotin and carnitine. We assessed biotin and carnitine insufficiency in six infants with milk allergy who were fed amino acid formulas and/or hydrolyzed formulas, by measuring urine 3-hydroxyisovaleric acid (3-HIA) and ...
Turner Kara J KJ University of Kent, School of Biosciences, Giles Lane, Canterbury, Kent, CT2 7NJ, - - 2014
Preterm infants develop an 'aged' phenotype in comparison with term-born infants, one component of which is adverse metabolic health and, therefore, long-term health follow-up is warranted to identify morbidity. In light of this, the identification and use of biomarkers to aid with prognosis would be a welcome development. Telomeres are ...
Hambidge K Michael - - 2014
Research directed to optimizing maternal nutrition commencing prior to conception remains very limited, despite suggestive evidence of its importance in addition to ensuring an optimal nutrition environment in the periconceptional period and throughout the first trimester of pregnancy.Methods/Study design: This is an individually randomized controlled trial of the impact on ...
Rios-Ellis Britt B a Long Beach Center for Latino Community Health, Evaluation and Leadership Training , National Council of La Raza / California State University , Long Beach , California , - - 2014
The Salud con Hyland's Project: Comienzo Saludable, Familia Sana (Health with Hyland's Project: Healthy Start, Healthy Family) was developed to provide education and support to Latina mothers regarding healthy infant feeding practices and maternal health. The promotora-delivered intervention was comprised of two charlas (educational sessions) and supplemental culturally and linguistically ...
Malbora Baris B Department of Pediatric Hematology, Dr. Sami Ulus Research and Training Hospital of Women's and Children's Health and Diseases, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
In developing countries, nutritional vitamin B12 deficiency in infants because of maternal deficiency often causes hematological and neurological disorders. However, epilepsy is a rare manifestation of vitamin B12 deficiency. The biological basis for the observed neurological symptoms of infantile vitamin B12 deficiency remains uncertain. There are only a few reports ...
Israel-Ballard Kiersten K Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition Global Program, PATH, Seattle, WA, - - 2014
While WHO no longer recommends individual infant feeding counselling to HIV-positive women, it may still be practised in some settings and for specific cases. In any case, lessons can be learned by examining how well front line health workers are able to take on counselling tasks. This qualitative study was ...
Civardi Elisa E Neonatal Unit and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, - - 2014
Human milk (HM) is known as the best nutrition for newborns and support the optimal growth of infants, providing essential substances, nutrients, bioactive and immunologic constituents. HM also grants a favorable microbial colonization with attendant priming/maturation of the gut. The bioactive and immunologic elements of HM demonstrated to protect offspring ...
Williams Fiona F Population Health Sciences, Medical Research Institute, University of Dundee, Dundee, - - 2014
This paper summarises the study protocol for the randomised controlled trial of iodine supplementation in preterm infants. Iodine is essential for the synthesis of thyroxine, and thyroxine is essential for normal brain development in utero and for the first 2-3 years of life. The recommended iodine intake in parenteral nutrition ...
Lam Hugh S HS Department of Paediatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sha Tin, Hong - - 2014
Background: Infants receiving prolonged parenteral nutrition (PN) are at risk of PN-associated cholestasis (PNAC). This can progress to hepatic failure and death if PN cannot be discontinued. Fish oil-based parenteral lipid preparation (FOLP) has been shown to be beneficial in case studies. Objectives: (1) To evaluate whether FOLP could halt ...
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