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Obladen Michael - - 2014
Abstract This paper describes historic steps in feeding techniques and knowledge on the nutritional needs of premature infants. Devices to overcome weak sucking and swallowing were developed from 1851 to 1920, including tube feeding by gavage, medicine droppers and pipettes, feeding bottles with an air inlet, and beaked spoons for ...
Vlaardingerbroek Hester H *Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Erasmus MC, Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands †Department of Mother and Child Health, Salesi Children's Hospital, Ancona, Italy ‡Department of Clinical Chemistry and Pediatrics §Department of Pediatrics, Emma Children's Hospital, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants are dependent on parenteral nutrition after birth. A parenteral lipid emulsion with a multicomponent composition may improve growth and neurodevelopment and may prevent liver injury, which is often observed in association with long-term parenteral nutrition with pure soybean oil. Our aim was to evaluate the safety and ...
Hambidge K Michael - - 2014
Research directed to optimizing maternal nutrition commencing prior to conception remains very limited, despite suggestive evidence of its importance in addition to ensuring an optimal nutrition environment in the periconceptional period and throughout the first trimester of pregnancy.Methods/Study design: This is an individually randomized controlled trial of the impact on ...
Rios-Ellis Britt B a Long Beach Center for Latino Community Health, Evaluation and Leadership Training , National Council of La Raza / California State University , Long Beach , California , - - 2014
The Salud con Hyland's Project: Comienzo Saludable, Familia Sana (Health with Hyland's Project: Healthy Start, Healthy Family) was developed to provide education and support to Latina mothers regarding healthy infant feeding practices and maternal health. The promotora-delivered intervention was comprised of two charlas (educational sessions) and supplemental culturally and linguistically ...
Israel-Ballard Kiersten K Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition Global Program, PATH, Seattle, WA, - - 2014
While WHO no longer recommends individual infant feeding counselling to HIV-positive women, it may still be practised in some settings and for specific cases. In any case, lessons can be learned by examining how well front line health workers are able to take on counselling tasks. This qualitative study was ...
Civardi Elisa E Neonatal Unit and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, - - 2014
Human milk (HM) is known as the best nutrition for newborns and support the optimal growth of infants, providing essential substances, nutrients, bioactive and immunologic constituents. HM also grants a favorable microbial colonization with attendant priming/maturation of the gut. The bioactive and immunologic elements of HM demonstrated to protect offspring ...
Williams Fiona F Population Health Sciences, Medical Research Institute, University of Dundee, Dundee, - - 2014
This paper summarises the study protocol for the randomised controlled trial of iodine supplementation in preterm infants. Iodine is essential for the synthesis of thyroxine, and thyroxine is essential for normal brain development in utero and for the first 2-3 years of life. The recommended iodine intake in parenteral nutrition ...
Lam Hugh S HS Department of Paediatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sha Tin, Hong - - 2014
Background: Infants receiving prolonged parenteral nutrition (PN) are at risk of PN-associated cholestasis (PNAC). This can progress to hepatic failure and death if PN cannot be discontinued. Fish oil-based parenteral lipid preparation (FOLP) has been shown to be beneficial in case studies. Objectives: (1) To evaluate whether FOLP could halt ...
Obladen Michael - - 2014
Abstract This article traces the decline of milk from a heavenly elixir to a tradeable food. Early cultures regarded milk not as a simple nutrient, but a living fluid. Heroes and gods were believed to have been nurtured by animals after being abandoned. Character traits were assumed to be transmitted ...
Smith-Gagen Julie J School of Community Health Sciences, University of Nevada, Reno, 1664 North Virginia Street/MS 274, Reno, NV, 89557, USA, - - 2014
We assessed the relationship between breastfeeding initiation and duration with laws supportive of breastfeeding enacted at the state level. We analyzed breastfeeding practices using the 2003-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We evaluated three measures of breastfeeding practices: Mother's reported breastfeeding initiation, a proxy report of infants ever being ...
Tocco Nicole M NM 1Cincinnati Childrens Hospital, Cincinnati, - - 2014
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the neonatal population. Total body cooling in term infants who meet the criteria for moderate to severe HIE has been shown to be neuroprotective. A decreased core body temperature is known to affect kinetic properties of many enzyme ...
Haile Demewoz - - 2014
Combining various aspects of child feeding into an age-specific summary index provides a first answer to the question of how best to deal with recommended feeding practices in the context of HIV pandemic. The objective of this study is to assess feeding practices of HIV exposed infants using summary index ...
Tan Bin B School of Public Health and Management, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 400016, - - 2014
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common and serious problem among mechanically ventilated patients in intensive care units (ICU), especially for the newborn. However, limited literatures have been reviewed to synthesize the finding of previous papers to investigate the risk factors for VAP although it has been a serious complication of ...
Brands Brigitte B Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, University of Munich Medical Centre, Munich, - - 2014
Infant nutrition has a major impact on immediate outcomes and long-term health and later disease risks, such as obesity and related disorders, a phenomenon referred to as "metabolic programming". This review discusses the currently postulated hypotheses and mechanisms investigated by the EarlyNutrition project. Conclusion Rapid weight gain in the first ...
Robinson Daniel T DT Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, - - 2014
Objective The aim of this study is to assess the influence of parenteral nutrition (PN) on the time to regain birth weight in premature neonates born between 1,500 and 2,499 g. Study Design A retrospective analysis stratified premature neonates born between 1,500 and 2,499 g by receipt of PN or intravenous dextrose at ≤ 72 ...
Loomis Theresa T *Medical Science Liaison Abbott Nutrition †Department of Nutritional SciencesDirector, MS in Clinical Nutrition Program; University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey ‡Graduate Programs in Clinical Nutrition; University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey §Dept of Interdisciplinary Studies, SHRP Adjunct Professor Dept of Quantitative Methods, School of Public Health University of Medicine and Dentistry of - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to determine if implementation of standardized feeding guidelines in a neonatal intensive care unit had an effect on the administration of enteral nutrition, growth and bone and liver health. This was a retrospective chart review of infants ≤32 weeks gestation and ≤1500 grams at ...
Zhou Shao J SJ Women's and Children's Health Research Institute, 72 King William Road, North Adelaide, SA 5006, - - 2014
The safety and nutritional adequacy of goat milk infant formulas have been questioned. The primary aim of the present study was to compare the growth and nutritional status of infants fed a goat milk infant formula with those of infants fed a typical whey-based cow milk infant formula. The secondary ...
Raiten Daniel J DJ Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD (DJR, RR, and AP); and the US Department of Agriculture, Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, Evidence Analysis Library Division, Alexandria, VA (JEO and - - 2014
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) are the cornerstone of US government efforts to promote health and prevent disease through diet and nutrition. The DGA currently provides guidelines for ages ≥2 y. In an effort to determine the strength of the evidence to support the inclusion of infants and children ...
Flax Valerie L VL Carolina Population Center (VLF, MEB, EJD, and LSA), Departments of Nutrition (VLF, MEB, and LSA) and Biostatistics (EJD), and Division of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine (AF and CMvdH), University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC; the USDA-Agriculture Research Service, Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center, Grand Forks, ND (GFC); the University of North Carolina Project, Lilongwe, Malawi (CSC, D Kayira, GT, and D Kamwendo); the Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Witwatersrand, Parktown, South Africa (CSC); and the US CDC, Atlanta, GA (APK and - - 2014
Selenium is found in soils and is essential for human antioxidant defense and immune function. In Malawi, low soil selenium and dietary intakes coupled with low plasma selenium concentrations in HIV infection could have negative consequences for the health of HIV-infected mothers and their exclusively breastfed infants. We tested the ...
Harrison Gail G GG Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles CA (GGH); the Office of Policy Support, Food and Nutrition Service, USDA, Alexandria, VA (JDH and TAO); Westat, Rockville, MD (SWM); and Altarum Institute, Ann Arbor, MI - - 2014
The federal Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), which began in the 1970s, has undergone revisions in the past several years, including revision to contents of the supplemental food "packages" in 2009 based on recommendations provided by an Institute of Medicine (IOM) committee of The National ...
Ramel S E SE Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, - - 2014
The American Academy of Pediatrics calls for aggressive management of preterm infants to achieve body composition approximating that of the healthy infant in utero. Air displacement plethysmography (ADP) has been validated for assessment of body composition in preterm infants and could be used to monitor their nutritional status during hospitalization. ...
Ahluwalia Namanjeet N Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, - - 2014
The period from birth to 24 mo (B-24) is a critical phase in which nutrient requirements for growth and development are high and several transitions in food consumption practices occur. A few large-scale national studies (eg, the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study and Infant Feeding Practices Study) offer important insights ...
Obbagy Julie E JE Evidence Analysis Library Division, Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, US Department of Agriculture, Alexandria, - - 2014
The USDA's Nutrition Evidence Library (NEL) specializes in conducting food- and nutrition-related systematic reviews that are used to inform federal government decision making. To ensure the utility of NEL systematic reviews, the most relevant topics must be addressed, questions must be clearly focused and appropriate in scope, and review frameworks ...
Malunga Lovemore Nkhata - - 2014
Undernutrition during childhood is a common disorder in the developing countries, however most research has focussed much on its treatment rather than its prevention. We investigated the potential of using chickpeas in infant follow-on formula production against the requirements of WHO/FAO on complementary foods and EU regulations on follow-on formula. ...
Tzifi Flora - - 2014
Soy milk formula has limited medical indications for infants feeding, although in several parts of the world it has been used as a source of nutrition in a large number of children. It used to be the main alternative feeding for infants allergic to cow's milk that did not breastfed ...
Ruktanonchai Duke - - 2014
Injectable zinc, a vital component of parenteral nutrition (PN) formulations, has been in short supply in the United States since late 2012. In December 2012, three premature infants with cholestasis hospitalized in Washington, DC, experienced erosive dermatitis in the diaper area and blisters on their extremities, a condition that can ...
Yong Su-Boon SB Department of Pediatrics, Show Chwan Memorial Hospital, Changhua, - - 2014
Perforation of the esophagus associated with placement of nasogastric tubes is not uncommon in preterm infants. Herein we report three cases of iatrogenic esophageal perforation associated with nasogastric tube placement. With nonsurgical management of parenteral nutrition and broad-spectrum antimicrobial therapy, all three neonates survived without sequelae. Effective strategies to prevent ...
Burrin Douglas G DG USDA/Agricultural Research Service Children's Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics - - 2014
Parenteral nutrition (PN) is a life-saving nutritional support for a large population of hospitalized infants, and lipids make a substantial contribution to their energy and essential fatty acid (FA) needs. A challenge in the care of these infants is that their metabolic needs require prolonged PN support that increases the ...
Cacho Nicole N Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Florida, Gainesville, - - 2014
The mammalian gastrointestinal tract harbors a highly diverse microbial population termed the microbiome, which plays a major role in nutrition, metabolism, protection against pathogens, and development of the immune system. It is estimated that at least 1000 different bacterial species cohabit the human intestinal tract. Herein we provide a brief ...
Liu Jie J University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA. - - 2014
To our knowledge, there was no record of Vibrio cholerae in Haiti until the 2010 post earthquake outbreak. This study describes the analysis of 301 stool samples from 117 infants in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, who participated in a pediatric nutrition study between July 2008 and October 2009. Nine samples were identified ...
Gregory Katherine E KE Boston College, W.F. Connell School of Nursing, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts (Dr Gregory and Ms Dubois); and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (Dr Gregory and Ms - - 2014
Optimal nutrition during infancy is critical not only to support the dramatic growth and development that takes place during the first 12 months following birth but also for establishing a healthy immune response throughout childhood and across the life span. The normative standards for infant feeding and nutrition are breast-feeding ...
Morisaki Naho N Department of Health Policy, National Center for Child Health and Development, Setagayaku, Tokyo, Japan ; Department of Pediatrics, University of Tokyo, Bunkyoku, Tokyo, - - 2014
Whether parenteral nutrition benefits growth of very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants in the setting of rapid enteral feeding advancement is unclear. Our aim was to examine this issue using data from Japan, where enteral feeding typically advances at a rapid rate. We studied 4005 hospitalized VLBW, very preterm ...
Bourlieu Claire C a INRA, UMR 1253, Science & Technology of Milk and Egg , 35000 , Rennes , - - 2014
Digestion of nutrients is an essential function of the newborn infant gut to allow growth and development and understanding infant digestive function is essential to optimize nutrition and oral drug delivery. Ethical considerations prohibit invasive in vivo trials and as a consequence in vitro assays are often conducted. However, the ...
Belen Burcu B Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Gaziantep Childrens' Hospital, Gaziantep, - - 2014
Megaloblastic anaemia due to vitamin B12 deficiency is rare in childhood. However, as most cases are due to maternal insufficiency, it is mainly seen in breastfed infants especially when the mother's socioeconomic status is low and the nutrition is not adequate. We present case of two Syrian refugee infants with ...
Laureano Andre A Hospital de Curry Cabral - Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Central, Lisboa, - - 2014
A 5-month-old female infant, preterm, exclusively breast-fed, presented with a 2-month history of erythematous, erosive, and crusted patches and plaques in a peri-oral, scalp, genital, and peri-anal distribution. A clinical diagnosis of zinc deficiency was confirmed by a low serum zinc level in the infant and decreased maternal breast milk ...
Nair Manisha M National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit (NPEU), Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, Oxfordshire, - - 2014
To explore the experiences of mothers employed through the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) using focus group discussions (FGDs) to understand the impact of mothers' employment on infant feeding and care. The effects of mothers' employment on nutritional status of children could be variable. It could lead ...
Lawan Umar M UM Department of Community Medicine, Bayero University and Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano State, - - 2014
Appropriate infant feeding is the key to optimum infant and child development and survival. This study investigates age-appropriate infant feeding practices and nutritional status of infants attending the immunization and child welfare clinic at Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital. Using a cross-sectional descriptive design, a sample of 300 sets of infants ...
Widen Elizabeth M EM Institute of Human Nutrition and Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, New York, - - 2013
Infant iron status at birth is influenced by maternal iron status during pregnancy; however, there are limited data on the extent to which maternal iron status is associated with infant iron status during exclusive breastfeeding. We evaluated how maternal and infant hemoglobin and iron status [soluble transferrin receptors (TfR) and ...
Morgan Colin C Liverpool Women's Hospital, Liverpool, United - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Early postnatal head growth failure is well recognized in very preterm infants (VPIs). This coincides with the characteristic nutritional deficits that occur in these parenteral nutrition (PN) dependent infants in the first month of life. Head circumference (HC) is correlated with brain volume and later neurodevelopmental outcome. We hypothesized that ...
Martin François-Pierre J FP Nestlé Institute of Health Sciences SA, Lausanne, - - 2013
Background:The combination of maternal obesity in early pregnancy and high protein intake in infant formula feeding might predispose to obesity risk in later life.Methods:This study assesses the impact of breast- or formula-feeding (differing in protein content, 1.65 or 2.7 g/100 kcal) on the metabolism of term infants from overweight and obese ...
Kimani-Murage Elizabeth W - - 2013
Nutrition in the first 1,000 days of life (during pregnancy and the first two years) is critical for child growth and survival. Poor maternal, infant and young child nutrition (MIYCN) practices are widely documented in Kenya, with potential detrimental effects on child growth and survival. This is particularly a problem ...
Patel Chirag J CJ Center for Biomedical Informatics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2013
Identification of maternal environmental factors influencing preterm birth risks is important to understand the reasons for the increase in prematurity since 1990. Here, we utilized a health survey, the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to search for personal environmental factors associated with preterm birth. 201 urine and ...
Polidori Paolo - - 2013
Human breast milk is the best nutritional support to insure the right development and influence immune status of the newborn infant. However, when it is not possible to breast feeding may be necessary to use commercial infant formulas that mimic, where possible, the levels and types of nutrients present in ...
Moore Sophie E SE MRC International Nutrition Group, Department of Population Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK, Department of Clinical Trials and Clinical Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan, International Maternal and Child Health, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden and International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), Dhaka, - - 2013
Data from West Africa indicate that a small thymus at birth and at 6 months of age is a strong and independent risk factor for infection-related mortality up to 24 and 36 months of age, respectively. We investigated the association between thymus size (thymic index, TI) in infancy and subsequent ...
Wood Claire L - - 2013
Preterm infants represent up to 10% of births worldwide and have an increased risk of adverse metabolic outcomes in later life. Early life exposures are key factors in determining later health but current lifestyle factors such as diet and physical activity are also extremely important and provide an opportunity for ...
Kumar Neeraj N Department of Pediatrics, Fernandez Hospital, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh Correspondence to: Dr Srinivas Murki, Consultant Neonatologist, Fernandez Hospital, Hyderabad 500 001, Andhra Pradesh. - - 2013
Umbilical venous lines are sometimes complicated with pleural and or pericardial effusion, often due to line migration. Bilateral chylous pleural effusion without pericardial effusion in a 28 weeks, extremely low birth infant who was on total parenteral nutrition. Investigations including chest x ray and 2D echocardiogram showed bilateral chylous pleural ...
Barlow S M - - 2013
Objective:For the premature infant, extrauterine life is a pathological condition, which greatly amplifies the challenges to the brain in establishing functional oromotor behaviors. The extent to which suck can be entrained using a synthetically patterned orocutaneous input to promote its development in preterm infants who manifest chronic lung disease (CLD) ...
Beken Serdar - - 2013
To compare the effect of two lipid emulsions on the development of retinopathy of prematurity in very low birth weight infants. Randomized controlled study. Eighty very low birth weight infants receiving parenteral nutrition from the first day of life were evaluated. One of the two lipid emulsions were used in ...
Working Group Of Pediatrics Chinese Society Of Parenteral And Enteral - - 2013
In the last few decades, there has been a significant increase in survival rate of preterm infants, especially very low birth weight infants. The nutrition problems have become particularly relevant in neonates, and nutrition support is usually required for preterm infants and most sick term infants. The actual amount of ...
Hay William W WW Jr Department of Pediatrics, Perinatal Research Center, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Anschutz Medical Campus F441, 13243 East 23rd Avenue, Aurora, CO 80045, - - 2013
Nutrition of preterm infants should result in growth similar to that of normally growing fetuses of the same gestational age. Unfortunately, most preterm infants are not fed enough to achieve this objective; as a result they are growth restricted by term gestation. Recent studies have demonstrated that early and enhanced ...
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