Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1524
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Lee Young Mi - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A complicated but relevant and timely concept, cesarean delivery on maternal request (CDMR) is defined as a cesarean delivery for a singleton pregnancy on maternal request at term in the absence of medical or obstetrical indications. RECENT FINDINGS: Multiple potential risks and benefits exist with both vaginal ...
Essex Holly N HN Department of Health Sciences, University of York, United - - 2008
Studies have highlighted the benefits of social support during labor but no studies focused on women who choose to be unaccompanied or who have no companion available at birth. Our goals were, first, to identify characteristics of women who are unaccompanied at birth and compare these to those who had ...
David Matthias - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Is out-of-hospital vaginal birth at a birth center safe for women with a previous cesarean section? Do their maternal or neonatal outcomes vary significantly from those of a "non-cesarean" control group? STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective evaluation of prospectively collected data on documented singleton births (cephalic presentation, >34/0 weeks of gestation), ...
Richard F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of a comprehensive intervention (staff training, equipment, internal clinical audits, cost sharing system, patients-providers meetings) in improving cesarean delivery access and quality in an urban district of Burkina Faso. METHODS: We conducted a before-after study in the health district sector 30 in Ouagadougou between 2003 ...
Burstein Eliezer - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and risk factors for premature rupture of membranes (PROM) among pregnancies complicated with small for gestational age (SGA) neonates. METHODS: A computerised database was used to identify deliveries of SGA neonates in pregnancies complicated with PROM between the years 1988 and 2002. Pregnancies with PROM ...
Kandasamy Tharani - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To use an active facility-based maternal and newborn surveillance system to describe cesarean delivery practices and outcomes in a resource-poor setting. METHODS: Using data from operating room logbooks, 392 cesarean deliveries were evaluated between April 1 and June 30 2006 at a large public maternity hospital in Kabul, Afghanistan. ...
Lara Diogo R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Temperament relates to both emotional dimensions and prevailing mood, but these different views are rarely integrated. Based on a model where temperament works as a system with activation, inhibition and control (inspired in Cloninger's and Rothbart's models), which produce the affective tone (inspired by Akiskal's and Kraepelin's model), we ...
Weiner Stuart - - 2008
Human biologic evolution involves a compromise between the physical adaptations for bipedalism with effects on birthing success and the much later increases in encephalization of our species. Much of what comes to define life history parameters like gestation length, and brain and birth weight in our species is best understood ...
Tan Peng Chiong - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influences of mode of immediate preceding delivery and number of prior vaginal births on the risk of repeat cesarean and neonatal admission at attempted vaginal birth after cesarean. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of the risk factors for emergency repeat cesarean delivery and ...
Kakkilaya Venkatakrishna - - 2008
Delay in cord clamping up to 30 to 40 seconds is feasible and should be practiced in preterm and term infants born by cesarean section. In term infants, this maneuver may decrease iron deficiency anemia at 6 months of age. Premature infants may have a higher blood volume and hematocrit ...
Biasucci Giacomo - - 2008
The gastrointestinal tract of neonates becomes colonized immediately after birth with environmental microorganisms, mainly from the mother; strong evidence suggests that the early composition of the microbiota of neonates plays an important role for the postnatal development of the immune system. The present study was designed to evaluate by means ...
Abdel-Latif Mohamed E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine the short-term outcome of infants with gastroschisis by route of delivery, comparing vaginal delivery vs elective and emergency cesarean delivery (CD). METHODS: Six hundred thirty-one infants with gastroschisis (International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision: Q79.3) were admitted to the Australian and ...
Lee Young Mi - - 2008
Mothers should be counseled that the most concerning risks related to maternal request cesarean delivery are neonatal respiratory morbidity and those that may affect the mother's future reproductive health, including life-threatening conditions, such as placenta accreta. The literature suggests that overall risks of maternal complications with cesarean delivery on maternal ...
Wylie Blair J - - 2008
Two trends are apparent regarding cesarean delivery in the developing world. In the least developed countries, access to the procedure remains limited at levels much less than 5% of all births. This limited access is linked with increases in maternal and neonatal mortality. Safety concerns are equally valid when more ...
Miller Russell - - 2008
Despite advances in obstetric and neonatal care, the last several decades have not witnessed an improvement in the prediction or prevention of term cerebral palsy. Obstetric interventions such as electronic fetal heart rate monitoring and cesarean delivery, although biologically plausible as intervention strategies, do not improve perinatal outcomes in clinical ...
Bonanno Clarissa - - 2008
Postpartum hemorrhage is an obstetric emergency that represents a major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. With the recent rise in the cesarean delivery rate, prompt recognition and proper management at the time of cesarean delivery are becoming increasingly important for providers of obstetrics. Preparedness for hemorrhage can be achieved ...
Ong Ken K KK MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge, - - 2008
We investigated the effects of normal variations in maternal glycemia on birth size and other birth outcomes. Women in two unselected birth cohorts, one retrospective (n = 3,158) and one prospective (n = 668), underwent an oral glucose challenge at 28 weeks of gestation. In the retrospective study, glycemia was ...
Harper Lorie M - - 2008
The goal of this manuscript is to review the contemporary evidence on issues pertinent to improving the safety profile of vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) attempts. Patients attempting VBAC have success rates of 60%-80%, and no reliable method of predicting VBAC failure for individual patients exists. The rate of uterine ...
Malloy Michael H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this analysis was to compare the neonatal mortality rates for infants delivered through primary cesarean section versus vaginal delivery, taking into consideration a number of potentially risk-modifying conditions. METHODS: US linked birth and infant death certificate files for 2000-2003 were used. Demographic, medical, and labor and ...
Chauhan Suneet P - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We determined interobserver variability in the classification of fetal heart rate (FHR) tracing with periodic deceleration as being reassuring or nonreassuring and in the ability to predict emergency cesarean delivery (ECD) or umbilical arterial pH < 7.00. STUDY DESIGN: Five clinicians reviewed 100 FHR tracings 1 hour before abnormalities ...
Lee Hui-Ling - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The timing of initiation of epidural analgesia and its causal relationship with mode of delivery is controversial. This retrospective investigation reviews and determines whether early initiation of epidural analgesia in nulliparous women influences the rate of cesarean sections as well as other obstetric outcome measures. METHODS: The nursing records ...
Rossi A Cristina - - 2008
This study reviewed maternal morbidity following trial of labor (TOL) after cesarean section, compared with elective repeat cesarean delivery (ERCS). Articles were pooled to compare women planning vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) with those undergoing ERCS with regard to maternal morbidity (MM), uterine rupture/dehiscence (UR/D), blood transfusion (BT), and hysterectomy. ...
Baron Cindy - - 2008
Introduction: Obesity is increasing in prevalence among pregnant women in North America.1,2 Obesity worsens maternal morbidity with a greater incidence of hypertension, diabetes and cesarean section. This study examined the maternal and neonatal risks in obese compared to parturients with a normal body weight. METHODS: Following ethics committee approval, data ...
Hamrick Shannon E G - - 2008
Although cesarean deliveries frequently are performed for anomalous fetal conditions, available data do not always support a fetal benefit from this delivery management. The literature on cesarean delivery for anomalous infants reports insufficient information on comorbid neonatal conditions, so these complications are unknown in this population of newborns. In a ...
Malloy Michael H - - 2008
Births of extremely preterm infants, less than 26 weeks' gestation, by cesarean section have increased significantly in the United States over the past decade. The justification for this increase is not well supported in the literature. This review examines recent analyses that suggest there may be some survival advantage for ...
Bettegowda Vani R - - 2008
The increasing trend of delivering at earlier gestational ages has raised concerns of the impact on maternal and infant health. The delicate balance of the risks and benefits associated with continuing a pregnancy versus delivering early remains challenging. Among singleton live births in the United States, the proportion of preterm ...
Coonrod Dean V - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine individual and institutional level variables predictive of variations in nulliparous term singleton vertex cesarean delivery rates. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of 28,863 nulliparous term singleton vertex births at 40 Arizona hospitals. RESULTS: The average nulliparous term singleton vertex cesarean delivery rate was ...
MacDorman Marian F - - 2008
The percentage of United States cesarean births increased from 20.7% in 1996 to 31.1% in 2006. Cesarean rates increased for women of all ages, race/ethnic groups, and gestational ages and in all states. Both primary and repeat cesareans have increased. Increases in primary cesareans in cases of "no indicated risk" ...
Caughey Aaron B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine the association between time of delivery and neonatal outcomes in term deliveries. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all term pregnancies delivered at an academic institution with 24-hour in-house obstetric and anesthesia coverage. Time of delivery was categorized ...
Hermes R - - 2008
Obstetrics, one of the oldest fields in veterinary medicine, is well described and practiced in domestic and exotic animals. However, when providing care during elephant birth or dystocia, veterinary intervention options differ greatly from any domestic species, and are far more limited due to the dimensions and specific anatomy of ...
Velaphi Sithembiso - - 2008
Routine oronasopharyngeal suctioning (ONPS) of the infant at delivery is a common practice in the delivery room. ONPS is performed to remove lung fluid, meconium, or other secretions from the airway, thereby improving oxygenation and/or preventing aspiration. However, there are controversies regarding this practice, as it seems to be associated ...
Stamilio David M - - 2008
Evaluation of: Mercer BM, Gilbert S, Landon MB et al., for the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Maternal-Fetal medicine Units Network: Labor outcomes with increasing number of prior vaginal births after cesarean delivery. Obstet. Gynecol. 111(2), 285-291 (2008). From a prospective US multicenter cohort of 45,988 patients ...
Zbären Peter - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To analyze a series of carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CXPA) and to assess the diagnostic difficulties. STUDY DESIGN: The clinical presentation of 24 CXPAs was compared with 300 pleomorphic adenomas (PAs). Furthermore, pathohistological findings and follow-up results of CXPAs were evaluated. RESULTS: Eight of 24 (33%) CXPAs versus 41 ...
Kausel Wilfried - - 2008
Woodwinds are not much different from brass instruments in how intonation is determined by air column resonances. Nevertheless, it is easier to measure input impedance of brasses because the input cross-section at the mouthpiece rim is circular, plane and big enough to be easily coupled to standard measuring heads. In ...
Zhang Jun - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of overall cesarean delivery and cesarean delivery on maternal request in southeast China in the past decade. METHODS: We used data from a population-based maternal and child health surveillance system, which covers 21 cities and counties in two provinces in southeast China. We examined the ...
Lo Joan C - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that cesarean sections are less likely to be performed after equalizing the fees for vaginal births and cesarean sections. METHODS: Population-based National Health Insurance inpatient claims in Taiwan are used. Pre-periods and post-periods are identified to investigate the impact of the policy changes. Logistic regressions ...
Loyo Myriam - - 2008
Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis is the most common benign laryngeal neoplasm in children. We report an infant with widespread papillomatosis at the time of diagnosis and rapidly progressive disease as a neonate. This child did not have the usual risk factors for recurrent respiratory papillomatosis, being the second child born by ...
Rittenberger Jon C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To date, pregnancy has been considered a contraindication to the use of therapeutic hypothermia after cardiac arrest. CASE: We present the case of a 35-yr-old woman, 13 wks pregnant, who had a witnessed out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest. She was resuscitated by prehospital personnel yet remained comatose at arrival ...
Siggelkow W - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the perinatal outcome in a series of macrosomic fetuses with mothers from a general obstetric population in whom vaginal delivery was planned. METHODS: In all, 215 women with macrosomic infants were included from a total of 2,622 deliveries. The pattern of maternal weight gain in pregnancy, ...
Calderon T C TC Department of Biochemistry, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, - - 2008
To examine the effect of mode of birth on plasma purine and malondialdehyde levels in normal term infants. Umbilical arterial cord blood was obtained immediately after birth from a convenience sample of 119 normal term newborns born by vaginal delivery, with or without oxytocin augmentation or by elective cesarean delivery. ...
Hug I - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In India, as in other parts of the world with high birthrates, there is an imbalance between maternal expectations and provision of labor pain services. Maternal experience may have an impact on attitudes toward the mode of future deliveries and on cesarean section rates. Maternal expectations regarding labor and ...
Lee Henry Chong HC Department of Pediatrics, Perinatal Epidemiology, and Health Outcomes Research Unit, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94304, USA. - - 2008
The objective of the study was to determine whether cesarean delivery for breech has increased in the United States. We calculated cesarean rates for term singletons in breech/malpresentation from 1997 to 2003 using National Center for Health Statistics data. We compared rates by sociodemographic groups and state. Multivariable logistic regression ...
De Felice Claudio - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests increased morbidity, in particular early neonatal respiratory complications, in newborns from elective cesarean section compared with those from vaginal delivery. No reliable maternal predictors of adverse neonatal outcome at elective cesarean section are known. Here, we prospectively tested the hypothesis that a low maternal perfusion index at ...
MacDorman Marian F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The percentage of United States births delivered by cesarean section continues to increase, even for women considered to be at low risk for the procedure. The purpose of this study was to use an "intention-to-treat" methodology, as recommended by a National Institutes of Health conference, to examine neonatal mortality ...
Kilcline Christine - - 2008
No published prospective studies have been published for several decades examining the incidence of hemangiomas. Older studies were performed before the delineation of "hemangiomas" from other vascular birthmarks was well-established. The objective of our study is to critically re-examine the literature reporting the incidence of infantile hemangiomas to determine if ...
Declercq Eugene - - 2008
BACKGROUND: As cesarean rates increase worldwide, a debate has arisen over the relationship of method of delivery to maternal postpartum physical health. This study examines mothers' reports of their postpartum experiences with pain stratified by method of delivery. METHODS: Listening to Mothers II was a survey of a total of ...
Glaze Sarah - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the rate of peripartum hysterectomy over the last 8 years in Calgary, the primary indication for peripartum hysterectomy (defined as any hysterectomy performed within 24 hours of a delivery), and whether there was an increase in the rate of peripartum hysterectomy during that time. METHOD: Detailed chart ...
Pallasmaa Nanneli - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To define the rate of severe maternal morbidity in different modes of delivery and to find out if the rate of severe morbidity has changed over a 5-year time span. DESIGN: Retrospective register-based study. SETTING: Finnish Medical Birth Registry and Hospital Discharge Registry. POPULATION: All singleton deliveries in Finland ...
Sills E S - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare selected characteristics in two North Carolina counties to document women's health services at the geographical extremes of the state. METHODS: Using aggregated 2004 data obtained from the North Carolina State Center for Health Statistics, obstetric and perinatal characteristics were experimentally analyzed for the westernmost and easternmost counties ...
Capobianco Giampiero - - 2008
We describe the first case of a perimortem cesarean section on a patient who committed suicide during labor by jumping from the fourth-floor window of the labor ward. The cesarean section was performed 30 minutes after the death of the woman, and a child of 3037 g was born with ...
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