Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1453
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Hsu Kuang-Hung - - 2008
The rising rate of cesarean section (CS) is a subject of concern, intensive discussion, and investigation. However, few, if any, systematic studies of this trend have been recorded among the oriental populations. This study examines factors that may contribute to the high incidence of CS in Taiwan, where the rate ...
Frenckner Björn P - - 2007
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) in many patients is diagnosed in utero. In these patients, the delivery can be planned as an elective cesarean, induced vaginal, or spontaneous vaginal delivery. The optimal method has yet to be determined. The aim of this study was to compare the outcome of patients with ...
Barber Chad A - - 2007
The optimal mode of delivery for extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants remains unknown. We reviewed the medical records of 374 ELBW infants (gestational age 23-34 weeks) delivered between 1998 and 2003 at UAMS. The cesarean section rate was 63.9%. The overall mortality rate was 16.0%. The mortality rate for ...
Press Joshua Z - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The impact of delivery mode on the development of urinary incontinence has been much debated. The primary objective of this systematic review was to compare the prevalence of postpartum urinary incontinence after cesarean section compared with vaginal birth. METHODS: The MEDLINE (1966-2005) and CINAHL (1982-2005) databases were searched for ...
Dupras Tosha L - - 2007
Studies of infant feeding and weaning patterns in past populations that rely on a cross-sectional approach must make the assumption that no infant mortality bias exists. Previous investigations of infant weaning patterns at the Dakhleh Oasis, Egypt, relied on cross-sectional isotope data. In this study, we re-examine this weaning pattern, ...
McClure Elizabeth M - - 2007
Our goal was to determine stillbirth rates in a multisite population-based study in community settings in the developing world. Outcomes of all community deliveries in 5 resource-poor countries (Democratic Republic of Congo, Guatemala, India, Zambia, and Pakistan) and in 1 mid-level country (Argentina) were evaluated prospectively over an 18-month period. ...
Roman Horace - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Identify the prenatal determinants associated with cesarean delivery during labor of term breech presentation for which vaginal delivery is planned. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study of 174 French and Belgian maternity units. Relations between cesarean and prenatal determinants were estimated with a multilevel logistic model and expressed as adjusted ORs. ...
Cottam J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Actuarial analysis of stoma complications (problematic stomas) is lacking. The objectives of this audit were: to identify the incidence of stoma complications within the UK; to highlight any dissimilarity of incidence from centre to centre; to ascertain if the height of the stoma (distance of stoma lumen from the ...
Zeck Willibald - - 2007
AIM: The incidence of lesions due to birth trauma can be generally regarded as a characteristic of obstetric management; since obstetric management has changed through the years, one might expect a decrease or increase of lesions due to birth trauma in mature newborn infants. METHODS: In a retrospective study, the ...
Altuncu Emel - - 2008
The aim of this study was to establish the reference values of preductal oxygen saturation (SpO2) in healthy infants immediately after birth. SpO2 recordings of 200 term neonates (vaginal group;n=150 and cesarean group;n=50) with regular respiratory pattern were evaluated. The median SpO2 values in the first, fifth and tenth minutes ...
Yoshida Masashi - - 2008
Sudden cardiac arrest occurred subsequent to epidural anaesthesia in the patient of elective cesarean section. During cardio-pulmonary resuscitation, immediate section saved the infant and the mother recovered completely. Serial ropivacaine concentrations in maternal serum evaluated potential risk of epidural anaesthesia with ropivacaine. A 39-year-old primirapa woman with an 11-year aortitis ...
Leung Gabriel M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Elective cesarean delivery is increasingly common. The potential effects of surgical delivery in an unselected sample of infants beyond the immediate neonatal period remain poorly defined. METHODS: We carried out an 18-month follow-up of a population-based cohort of 8327 Hong Kong Chinese infants born in 1997. The main outcome ...
Bhide Amarnath - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To compare the immediate maternal and neonatal morbidity in women delivered by forceps or cesarean section after failed ventouse delivery. METHODS: Case notes of 400 consecutive successful ventouse deliveries compared with 342 failed ventouse deliveries, where delivery was subsequently achieved with either forceps (N = 247) or cesarean section ...
Caramalac Dayse Alcará - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The common occurrence of Candida spp. on the vaginal mucosa of pregnant women suggests this as the source of neonatal candidiasis. METHODS: This study investigated the occurrence of yeasts on the vaginal mucosa of 100 mothers at the time of birth, and on the oral mucosa of their respective ...
Cowgill Libby W - - 2007
The analysis of the faunal remains from Shanidar Cave has identified an incomplete immature human distal leg and foot from the deepest levels of the Middle Paleolithic of Shanidar Cave, Iraq. The distal tibia, fibula, first metatarsal, and two tarsals, designated Shanidar 10, derive from a 1-2-year-old infant. The tibia ...
Clark Steven L - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to examine the national and regional rates of operative delivery among almost one quarter million births in a single year in the nation's largest healthcare delivery system, using variation as an arbiter of the quality of decision making. STUDY DESIGN: We compared the variation in ...
Yamamura Yasuko - - 2007
Breech presentation occurs at term in approximately 3% to 4% of singleton gestations. This presentation is associated with a variety of maternal and fetal conditions including preterm labor, abnormal amniotic fluid volume, hydrocephaly, anencephaly, mullerian anomalies, abnormal placentation, and multifetal gestation. Cesarean delivery has been associated with increased risk of ...
Robilio Peter A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the morbidity and mortality associated with vaginal breech delivery (VBD) of premature, low-birth-weight (LBW) (< 2.5 kg) newborns as compared to delivery by cesarean section. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of singleton, preterm (< 37 weeks), LBW, nonanomalous newborns in California (January 1, 1991-December 31, 1999) ...
Sadan Oscar - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: A previous decision analysis models for two strategic choices for trial of labor or repeated cesarean after prior cesarean concluded that the degree of wish for an additional future pregnancy appeared to be a major determinant for choice between the two strategic options. We had extended the analysis model ...
Morales Kelly J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the incidence of adhesions after cesarean deliveries and to determine their impact on delivery and infant well-being. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort analysis with chart review. The charts of 542 women who had undergone primary (265 women) or repeat ...
Cheng I - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of this retrospective study was to assess neonatal outcomes of pregnant women with myasthenia gravis (MG). METHODS: Pregnant women with MG who were treated in our hospital over an 8-year period were enrolled. Data relating to the course of the mother's MG (including the anti-acetylcholine receptor antibody ...
Iffy Leslie - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine birth weight related risks of fetal injury in connection with shoulder dystocia. STUDY DESIGN: The investigation was based on a retrospective analysis of 316 fetal neurological injuries associated with deliveries complicated by arrest of the shoulders that occurred across the United States. RESULTS: The study revealed that ...
Alexander James M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal and neonatal outcomes when primary cesarean delivery is performed in the second stage of labor compared with the first stage. METHODS: Between January 1, 1999, and December 31, 2000, a prospective observational study of primary cesarean deliveries was conducted at 13 university centers comprising the National ...
Lobel Marci - - 2007
A growing number of children around the world are being born by surgical delivery, or cesarean section. Concerns over rising rates of cesareans have focused on the risk of death and medical complications associated with surgical delivery but have largely neglected psychosocial and behavioral factors that affect and are affected ...
Ehrenstein Vera - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Postterm delivery is a risk factor for perinatal complications, some of which increase risk for neurologic morbidity. We aimed to examine the association between postterm delivery and risk for epilepsy in childhood. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of singleton children who were born in 3 Danish counties from ...
Declercq Eugene - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes and costs associated with primary cesarean births with no labor (planned cesareans) to vaginal and cesarean births with labor (planned vaginal). METHODS: Analysis was based on a Massachusetts data system linking 470,857 birth certificates, fetal death records, and birth-related hospital discharge records from 1998 and ...
Chaillet Nils - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Canada's cesarean section rate reached an all-time high of 22.5 percent of in-hospital deliveries in 2002 and was associated with potential maternal and neonatal complications. Clinical practice guidelines represent an appropriate mean for reducing cesarean section rates. The challenge now lies in implementing these guidelines. Objectives of this meta-analysis ...
Bailit Jennifer L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine which primary cesarean delivery risk factors are important to practicing physicians. STUDY DESIGN: A sample of current members of the American College of Obstetrician Gynecologists were surveyed about the risk factors for primary cesarean delivery that they thought were most important. Data on demographic and practice characteristics ...
Zanardo Vincenzo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the timing of elective cesarean delivery at term influences the risk of neonatal pneumothorax. STUDY DESIGN: Chart reviews confirmed gestational age, delivery modalities, and diagnosis of pneumothorax of 66,961 term infants delivered in the Veneto region of northern Italy. Of these neonates, 17,783 (26.5%) were delivered ...
Lee H C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine if there are differential cesarean delivery rates by race and other socio-demographic factors for women with breech infants. STUDY DESIGN: We calculated cesarean delivery rates for 186 727 White, African American, Hispanic and Asian women delivering breech singletons with gestational age 26 to 41 weeks born in ...
Ben-Meir Assaf - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess the rate of spontaneous version after failed external cephalic version (ECV) at term. STUDY DESIGN: We prospectively collected data from all trials of ECV in our center between January 1997 and June 2005. Collected data included demographic and obstetric parameters. RESULTS: ...
Connolly Thomas J - - 2007
To examine the relationship between symptoms of urinary incontinence (UI) and mode of delivery, parity, and birth weight, data were obtained from a population-based random sample of 3,205 black, Hispanic, and white women age 30-79 in the Boston Area Community Health Survey. Measures include UI symptoms [>or=3 (moderate/severe) Sandvik's severity ...
Sentilhes Loïc - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To compare neonatal and maternal outcomes for breech first twins according to whether vaginal or cesarean delivery was planned and to verify that in appropriate selected cases, attempted vaginal delivery is a reasonable choice. METHODS: A retrospective study of all twin pregnancies with the first twin in breech position ...
Carayol M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To explore non-clinical maternal and institutional factors associated with the decision for planned cesarean in cases of breech presentation at term in France, where planned vaginal delivery are recommended by the French College of Gynecologists and Obstetricians (CNGOF) when conditions are optimal. METHODS: The analysis included 6,080 women with ...
Curtin William M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the percentage of deliveries eligible for pathologic examination of the placenta and compare with observed practice using the College of American Pathologists' (CAP) 1997 guidelines for examination of the placenta. METHODS: Records were reviewed from all live-birth deliveries 20 weeks or more of gestation in 2001 at ...
Schutte Joke M - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: The cesarean section rate for term singleton breech babies in the Netherlands rose from 57 to 81% after the Term Breech Trial in 2000. The Dutch Maternal Mortality Committee registered and evaluated maternal mortality due to elective cesarean section for breech. RESULTS: Four maternal deaths after elective ...
Köken Gülengül - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To determine the levels of oxidative stress markers in pregnant women who snore and compare with non-snoring pregnant women. Fetal outcome of these 2 groups was also evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective, case control study. Some 40 pregnant women who snored and 43 non-snoring pregnant women were evaluated. The ...
Bettes Barbara A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine obstetrician-gynecologists' knowledge, opinions, and practice patterns related to cesarean delivery on maternal request. METHODS: Questionnaires were mailed to 1,031 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Fellows in February 2006, with a response rate of 68%. The questionnaire queried respondents' demographic characteristics, practices and attitudes surrounding vaginal and ...
Kahila Hanna - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Exposure to illicit drugs in utero is associated with low birth weight and premature birth. Therefore, maintenance therapy for opioid dependence during pregnancy has been recommended to help withdrawal from street drugs, in order to improve maternal health and decrease risks to the fetus. METHODS: In 2002-2005, 67 pregnancies ...
Tamim Hala - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and correlates of cesarean deliveries (CS) in Beirut. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted on 18,837 consecutive infants born at nine hospitals from the National Collaborative Perinatal Neonatal Network (NCPNN). Stepwise Logistic Regression was performed to determine CS correlates. RESULTS: The rate of CS was 26.4% ...
Khalifa Mahmoud A - - 2007
Background. Currently, there is no consensus regarding the pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) margins examined intraoperatively or the technical protocol for frozen section examination. The aim of this work was to summarize our experience regarding the intraoperative examination of the uncinate margin and to compare it with the published literature. Materials and methods. ...
Chaney K P - - 2007
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Anecdotal speculation suggests that prognosis for survival of mares and foals following correction of uterine torsion has improved over the past 30 years. OBJECTIVES: To determine statistically the outcome of uterine torsion according to duration of clinical signs, stage of gestation, parity, physical examination findings, method ...
Rugolotto S - - 2007
We describe a full term male infant born by cesarean section, who presented a deep round depression of the left parietal bone at birth. MRI scan showed no signal alteration on cortical and sub-cortical level in correspondence of the depressed skull fracture. At four months of age, a skull X-ray ...
Sorensen Sherrill S - - 2007
This article describes the need for mock emergency drills in perinatal emergencies such as shoulder dystocia, maternal hemorrhage, and emergency cesarean section. Effective drills are a patient safety initiative to reduce medical errors and adverse events during the antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum periods. Successful strategies are identified from other fields ...
Wiklund Ingela - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate first-time mothers undergoing cesarean section in the absence of medical indication, their reason for the request, self-estimated health, experience of delivery, and duration of breastfeeding. We also aimed to study if signs of depression postpartum are more common in this group. ...
Gossman Ginger L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To review definitions and terminology for and to estimate percentages of maternal request cesarean deliveries in the United States between 1991 and 2004. METHODS: National Hospital Discharge Survey data 1991-2004 (N=458,767) were used to identify maternal request cesarean deliveries. After excluding women with a history of cesarean delivery, women ...
Althabe Fernando - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cesarean section rates show a wide variation among countries in the world, ranging from 0.4 to 40 percent, and a continuous rise in the trend has been observed in the past 30 years. Our aim was to explore the association of cesarean section rates of different countries with their ...
Hassiakos D - - 2006
A patient's frequent request is the simultaneous surgical removal of a previously diagnosed myoma during cesarean section. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of myomectomy during cesarean section. From January 1995 until December 2004, 47 pregnant women with coexisting uterine myomas underwent cesarean section ...
Withiam-Leitch Matthew - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In a trend similar to continuous electronic fetal monitoring, many hospitals are incorporating central fetal monitoring into labor and delivery suites. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the use of central fetal monitoring had an effect on neonatal outcomes or cesarean section rate. METHODS: This retrospective ...
Visco Anthony G - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To review systematically the evidence about maternal and infant outcomes of cesarean delivery on maternal request and planned vaginal delivery. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane Collaboration resources, and Embase and identified 1,406 articles through dual review using a priori inclusion criteria. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: We included English ...
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