Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1453
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Lee Hui-Ling - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The timing of initiation of epidural analgesia and its causal relationship with mode of delivery is controversial. This retrospective investigation reviews and determines whether early initiation of epidural analgesia in nulliparous women influences the rate of cesarean sections as well as other obstetric outcome measures. METHODS: The nursing records ...
Rossi A Cristina - - 2008
This study reviewed maternal morbidity following trial of labor (TOL) after cesarean section, compared with elective repeat cesarean delivery (ERCS). Articles were pooled to compare women planning vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) with those undergoing ERCS with regard to maternal morbidity (MM), uterine rupture/dehiscence (UR/D), blood transfusion (BT), and hysterectomy. ...
Baron Cindy - - 2008
Introduction: Obesity is increasing in prevalence among pregnant women in North America.1,2 Obesity worsens maternal morbidity with a greater incidence of hypertension, diabetes and cesarean section. This study examined the maternal and neonatal risks in obese compared to parturients with a normal body weight. METHODS: Following ethics committee approval, data ...
Hamrick Shannon E G - - 2008
Although cesarean deliveries frequently are performed for anomalous fetal conditions, available data do not always support a fetal benefit from this delivery management. The literature on cesarean delivery for anomalous infants reports insufficient information on comorbid neonatal conditions, so these complications are unknown in this population of newborns. In a ...
Malloy Michael H - - 2008
Births of extremely preterm infants, less than 26 weeks' gestation, by cesarean section have increased significantly in the United States over the past decade. The justification for this increase is not well supported in the literature. This review examines recent analyses that suggest there may be some survival advantage for ...
Bettegowda Vani R - - 2008
The increasing trend of delivering at earlier gestational ages has raised concerns of the impact on maternal and infant health. The delicate balance of the risks and benefits associated with continuing a pregnancy versus delivering early remains challenging. Among singleton live births in the United States, the proportion of preterm ...
Coonrod Dean V - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine individual and institutional level variables predictive of variations in nulliparous term singleton vertex cesarean delivery rates. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of 28,863 nulliparous term singleton vertex births at 40 Arizona hospitals. RESULTS: The average nulliparous term singleton vertex cesarean delivery rate was ...
MacDorman Marian F - - 2008
The percentage of United States cesarean births increased from 20.7% in 1996 to 31.1% in 2006. Cesarean rates increased for women of all ages, race/ethnic groups, and gestational ages and in all states. Both primary and repeat cesareans have increased. Increases in primary cesareans in cases of "no indicated risk" ...
Caughey Aaron B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine the association between time of delivery and neonatal outcomes in term deliveries. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all term pregnancies delivered at an academic institution with 24-hour in-house obstetric and anesthesia coverage. Time of delivery was categorized ...
Hermes R - - 2008
Obstetrics, one of the oldest fields in veterinary medicine, is well described and practiced in domestic and exotic animals. However, when providing care during elephant birth or dystocia, veterinary intervention options differ greatly from any domestic species, and are far more limited due to the dimensions and specific anatomy of ...
Velaphi Sithembiso - - 2008
Routine oronasopharyngeal suctioning (ONPS) of the infant at delivery is a common practice in the delivery room. ONPS is performed to remove lung fluid, meconium, or other secretions from the airway, thereby improving oxygenation and/or preventing aspiration. However, there are controversies regarding this practice, as it seems to be associated ...
Stamilio David M - - 2008
Evaluation of: Mercer BM, Gilbert S, Landon MB et al., for the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Maternal-Fetal medicine Units Network: Labor outcomes with increasing number of prior vaginal births after cesarean delivery. Obstet. Gynecol. 111(2), 285-291 (2008). From a prospective US multicenter cohort of 45,988 patients ...
Zbären Peter - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To analyze a series of carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CXPA) and to assess the diagnostic difficulties. STUDY DESIGN: The clinical presentation of 24 CXPAs was compared with 300 pleomorphic adenomas (PAs). Furthermore, pathohistological findings and follow-up results of CXPAs were evaluated. RESULTS: Eight of 24 (33%) CXPAs versus 41 ...
Kausel Wilfried - - 2008
Woodwinds are not much different from brass instruments in how intonation is determined by air column resonances. Nevertheless, it is easier to measure input impedance of brasses because the input cross-section at the mouthpiece rim is circular, plane and big enough to be easily coupled to standard measuring heads. In ...
Zhang Jun - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of overall cesarean delivery and cesarean delivery on maternal request in southeast China in the past decade. METHODS: We used data from a population-based maternal and child health surveillance system, which covers 21 cities and counties in two provinces in southeast China. We examined the ...
Lo Joan C - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that cesarean sections are less likely to be performed after equalizing the fees for vaginal births and cesarean sections. METHODS: Population-based National Health Insurance inpatient claims in Taiwan are used. Pre-periods and post-periods are identified to investigate the impact of the policy changes. Logistic regressions ...
Loyo Myriam - - 2008
Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis is the most common benign laryngeal neoplasm in children. We report an infant with widespread papillomatosis at the time of diagnosis and rapidly progressive disease as a neonate. This child did not have the usual risk factors for recurrent respiratory papillomatosis, being the second child born by ...
Rittenberger Jon C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To date, pregnancy has been considered a contraindication to the use of therapeutic hypothermia after cardiac arrest. CASE: We present the case of a 35-yr-old woman, 13 wks pregnant, who had a witnessed out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest. She was resuscitated by prehospital personnel yet remained comatose at arrival ...
Siggelkow W - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the perinatal outcome in a series of macrosomic fetuses with mothers from a general obstetric population in whom vaginal delivery was planned. METHODS: In all, 215 women with macrosomic infants were included from a total of 2,622 deliveries. The pattern of maternal weight gain in pregnancy, ...
Calderon T C - - 2008
To examine the effect of mode of birth on plasma purine and malondialdehyde levels in normal term infants. Umbilical arterial cord blood was obtained immediately after birth from a convenience sample of 119 normal term newborns born by vaginal delivery, with or without oxytocin augmentation or by elective cesarean delivery. ...
Hug I - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In India, as in other parts of the world with high birthrates, there is an imbalance between maternal expectations and provision of labor pain services. Maternal experience may have an impact on attitudes toward the mode of future deliveries and on cesarean section rates. Maternal expectations regarding labor and ...
Lee Henry Chong - - 2008
The objective of the study was to determine whether cesarean delivery for breech has increased in the United States. We calculated cesarean rates for term singletons in breech/malpresentation from 1997 to 2003 using National Center for Health Statistics data. We compared rates by sociodemographic groups and state. Multivariable logistic regression ...
De Felice Claudio - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests increased morbidity, in particular early neonatal respiratory complications, in newborns from elective cesarean section compared with those from vaginal delivery. No reliable maternal predictors of adverse neonatal outcome at elective cesarean section are known. Here, we prospectively tested the hypothesis that a low maternal perfusion index at ...
MacDorman Marian F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The percentage of United States births delivered by cesarean section continues to increase, even for women considered to be at low risk for the procedure. The purpose of this study was to use an "intention-to-treat" methodology, as recommended by a National Institutes of Health conference, to examine neonatal mortality ...
Kilcline Christine - - 2008
No published prospective studies have been published for several decades examining the incidence of hemangiomas. Older studies were performed before the delineation of "hemangiomas" from other vascular birthmarks was well-established. The objective of our study is to critically re-examine the literature reporting the incidence of infantile hemangiomas to determine if ...
Declercq Eugene - - 2008
BACKGROUND: As cesarean rates increase worldwide, a debate has arisen over the relationship of method of delivery to maternal postpartum physical health. This study examines mothers' reports of their postpartum experiences with pain stratified by method of delivery. METHODS: Listening to Mothers II was a survey of a total of ...
Glaze Sarah - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the rate of peripartum hysterectomy over the last 8 years in Calgary, the primary indication for peripartum hysterectomy (defined as any hysterectomy performed within 24 hours of a delivery), and whether there was an increase in the rate of peripartum hysterectomy during that time. METHOD: Detailed chart ...
Pallasmaa Nanneli - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To define the rate of severe maternal morbidity in different modes of delivery and to find out if the rate of severe morbidity has changed over a 5-year time span. DESIGN: Retrospective register-based study. SETTING: Finnish Medical Birth Registry and Hospital Discharge Registry. POPULATION: All singleton deliveries in Finland ...
Sills E S - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare selected characteristics in two North Carolina counties to document women's health services at the geographical extremes of the state. METHODS: Using aggregated 2004 data obtained from the North Carolina State Center for Health Statistics, obstetric and perinatal characteristics were experimentally analyzed for the westernmost and easternmost counties ...
Capobianco Giampiero - - 2008
We describe the first case of a perimortem cesarean section on a patient who committed suicide during labor by jumping from the fourth-floor window of the labor ward. The cesarean section was performed 30 minutes after the death of the woman, and a child of 3037 g was born with ...
Mazouni Chafika - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a nomogram that predicts individual probability of cesarean delivery in cases of macrosomia (>4,000 g). METHODS: The nomogram was built based on the data from 246 patients who delivered macrosomic infants at Conception Hospital (Marseille, France), and was validated on an external population of 206 ...
Rueangchainikhom Wibool - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the success rate and identify factors influencing the success rate of external cephalic. version (ECV) at Bhumibol Adulyadej Hospital. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective descriptive study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bhumibol Adulyadej Hospital. MATERIAL AND METHOD: All parturients attending the obstetrics unit at Bhumibol Adulyadej Hospital between ...
Pearce J M S - - 2008
The polymath William Rivers played an important role in his work with Henry Head in demonstrating the varied, evolving patterns of sensory loss, and epicritic and protopathic sensation, after the section of the superficial ramus of Head's left radial nerve. After a mixed and frustrated army career Rivers devoted his ...
Skarsgard Erik D - - 2008
PURPOSE: Outcomes studies for gastroschisis are constrained by small numbers, prolonged accrual, and nonstandardized data collection. The aim of this study is to create a national pediatric surgical network and database for gastroschisis (GS) that tracks cases from diagnosis to hospital discharge. METHODS: The 16-center network serves a population of ...
Kulas Tomislav - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the advantages of modified a Misgav Ladach method over conventional (Pfannenstiel-Dorffler) cesarean section. STUDY DESIGN: From October 2002 to March 2005, 217 cesarean sections performed according to a modified Misgav Ladach method (without routine preoperative urinary catheterization, blunt separation of the fascia after a small incision, and ...
Van Amerongen Kirsten St?hler - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the presence and absence of acupuncture ear points in healthy neonates. DESIGN: This was a prospective observational study performed at a university teaching hospital. Subjects: The subjects were healthy neonates. We compared male and female neonates, right and left lobe, term ...
Cohain Judy Slome - - 2008
One hundred percent of woman having a first vaginal birth from 1940-1990 had an episiotomy. It is still used for first births at a rate of 50-60% in many places. Perineal outcomes on first births are critical because the biggest risk factor for needing suturing on subsequent births is a ...
Saygili-Yilmaz E S - - 2008
PURPOSE: To report a case of type I sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT) diagnosed prenatally and managed surgically successfully in the neonatal period. CASE REPORT: A gravida 2, para 1, woman at 32 week's gestation was referred for suspected fetal anomaly. On US a 14 x 12 cm mass with solid and ...
Staboulidou Ismini - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The relation of lunar phases to the birth rate has been the focus of considerable research with still controversial results. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of the lunar cycle on the frequency of birth, on instrumental delivery, neonatal outcome as well as a possible ...
Holcroft Cynthia J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine if gestational age (GA) at delivery or tumor size impacts outcome in neonates with very large sacrococcygeal teratomas (SCTs). METHODS: Retrospective chart review from 1990 to 2006 of live-born infants with very large SCTs, defined as diameters exceeding 10 cm. Data analyzed using the independent t test ...
Moritake Kouzo - - 2008
The study population included 193 patients with prenatally diagnosed (fetal) hydrocephalus and 181 with postnatally (12 or less than 12 months after birth) diagnosed (infantile) hydrocephalus identified by a nationwide questionnaire survey of congenital hydrocephalus performed in 2000. Of 180 patients with fetal, 101 (56.1%) were diagnosed before week 32 ...
- - 2007
Cesarean delivery on maternal request is defined as a primary cesarean delivery at maternal request in the absence of any medical or obstetric indication. A potential benefit of cesarean delivery on maternal request is decreased risk of hemorrhage for the mother. Potential risks of cesarean delivery on maternal request include ...
Murthy Karna - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between changes in Illinois professional liability premiums for obstetrician-gynecologists and singleton primary cesarean delivery rates. METHODS: Data from the National Center for Health Statistics were used to identify all singleton births between 37 weeks and 44 weeks of gestation occurring in Illinois from 1998 through ...
Chomchai Chulathida - - 2007
Paraquat remains one of the common substances involved in intentional ingestions in Thailand. However, data on outcomes of paraquat ingestion during pregnancy is rarely available and the management is controversial. A 17-year-old female in 36 weeks of gestation attempted suicide by ingesting 1/2 a glass of Gramozonetrade mark (paraquat 27.6 ...
Wicherek Lukasz - - 2008
PROBLEM: RCAS1 (a receptor-binding cancer antigen expressed on SiSo cells) is a membrane protein present also in a soluble form that seems to be responsible for the suppression of the cytotoxic immune response during gestation. The present study evaluates the decidual immunoreactivity level of RCAS1 and the serum level of ...
Miesnik Susan R - - 2007
The rate of cesarean delivery has increased dramatically over the past decade. Medically elective cesareans are a major factor contributing to this rise. This article discusses the most recent evidence on the perinatal risks of cesarean delivery versus vaginal birth, the economic impact of elective cesarean delivery, and ethical principles ...
Qazi Gul Rukh - - 2007
Objective: To determine the clinical and epidemiological characteristics in patients having their first cesarean section (FCS) and compare it with findings in patients with repeated cesarean section (RCS). Design: A cross-sectional, comparative study. Place and Duration of Study: Unit 'A' of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Postgraduate Medical Institute ...
Shimada Koji - - 2007
We herein describe the case of a 31-year-old woman. In the 27th week of pregnancy, the patient was hospitalized because of fever and a lumbar backache. In the 29th week of pregnancy, she developed embolic symptom in her left lower limb. A cardiac murmur was detected, and a significant regurgitation ...
Raju Tonse N K - - 2007
Although cesarean section is one of the most ancient surgical procedures, the origin of its name remains obscure. The term, however, did not originate because of the birth of the Roman Emperor Julius Caesar through this route. In fact, historians are certain that Julius Caesar was not delivered by the ...
Diaby Vakaramoko - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Deciding whether to treat postmenopausal women suffering from climacteric symptoms with Continuous Combined Hormone Replacement Therapy (CCHRT) has become increasingly difficult after the release of the Women's Health Initiative results. As a result, development of alternatives to CCHRT is required. Tibolone, which is a synthetic steroid that has estrogenic, ...
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