Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1531
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Roggero Paola - - 2012
Prevention of postnatal growth restriction of very preterm infants still represents a challenge for neonatologists. As standard feeding regimens have proven to be inadequate. Improved feeding strategies are needed to promote growth. Aim of the present study was to evaluate whether a set of nutritional strategies could limit the postnatal ...
Yang Wenfang - - 2012
The first 18 months of life are the most important for long-term childhood well-being. Anemia and malnutrition occurring in this key period have serious implications for individuals and societies, especially in rural areas in developing country. We conducted a cross-sectional study as the baseline survey to provide data for developing ...
Jacobi Sheila K - - 2012
Dietary nutrients are essential for gastrointestinal (GI) growth and function, and nutritional support of GI growth and development is a significant component of infant care. For healthy full-term neonates, nutritional provisions of the mother's milk and/or formula will support normal maturation of structure and function of the GI tract in ...
Thurin Serge M - - 2012
To evaluate the impact of nurse-regulated feedings (NRFs) on growth velocity and weight gain of 1200-1500 g preterm infants. Cohort 1: All preterm infants 1200-1500 g between 1997 and 2001 not on NRF protocol; Cohort 2: All preterm infants 1200-1500 g between 2003 and 2006 on NRF protocol. Both cohorts ...
Moore Sophie E SE MRC Keneba, MRC Unit The Gambia, PO Box 273, Banjul, The Gambia. - - 2012
Recent observational research indicates that immune development may be programmed by nutritional exposures early in life. Such findings require replication from trials specifically designed to assess the impact of nutritional intervention during pregnancy on infant immune development. The current trial seeks to establish: (a) which combination of protein-energy (PE) and ...
Freitas Brunnella Alcantara Chagas de - - 2011
This article reviews the current understanding of enteral and parenteral nutrition therapy in preterm infants, with an emphasis on very low birth weight babies. The protective effects of nutrition therapy against neonatal sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis are discussed. Different methods of feeding preterm infants are evaluated. Special attention is given ...
Gupta Sachin - - 2012
Despite significant progress in the treatment of preterm neonates, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) continues to be a major cause of neonatal morbidity. Affected infants suffered from long-term pulmonary and nonpulmonary sequel. The pulmonary sequels include reactive airway disease and asthma during childhood and adolescence. Nonpulmonary sequels include poor coordination and muscle ...
Forest Sharron - - 2011
Postnatal steroids are a controversial intervention for the prevention and treatment of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants. Studies demonstrating a potential for steroid-related adverse effects, including growth and neurodevelopmental impairment, have significantly changed clinical practice over the past decade. There are circumstances in which the potential benefits may outweigh the ...
Carballo-Magdaleno Deyanira - - 2011
Steroids have been used for more than 20 years in preterm infants to induce pulmonary maturity; however, some long-term effects have been reported, such as insulin resistance and elevation of blood pressure. The aim of our study was to compare renal volume, renal function, and blood pressure in infants between 12-36 months ...
Kumar Praveen P Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of maternal administration of antenatal steroids (ANS) on cord blood cytokine levels at birth in preterm infants. Cord blood cytokine concentrations were measured for pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, and IL-8); anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-4, IL-10 and TGF-β); and neurotrophic cytokines (BDNF, NT-3, and NT-4) in two hundred ...
Kangin Murat - - 2010
To evaluate the frequency of urinary tract infections (UTIs) and degree of renal parenchymal damage as well as the parameters of growth, development and nutritional status in antenatal hydronephrosis cases with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). Infants, whose antenatal ultrasonography (US) showed a fetal renal pelvic diameter of 5 mm or greater ...
Zanardo Vincenzo V Department of Pediatrics, Padua University School of Medicine, Via Giustiniani, 3 35128 Padua, - - 2010
Cesarean delivery has negative effects on breastfeeding. The objective of this study was to evaluate breastfeeding rates, defined in accordance with World Health Organization guidelines, from delivery to 6 months postpartum in infants born by elective and emergency cesarean section and in infants born vaginally. Delivery modalities were assessed in ...
Seo Ji Yeon - - 2010
Although milky nipple discharge appears frequently in infants, bloody nipple discharge is a very rare finding. We experienced a 4-month-old, breast-fed infant who showed bilateral bloody nipple discharge with no signs of infection, engorgement, or hypertrophy. The infant's hormonal examination and coagulation tests were normal, and an ultrasound examination revealed ...
Richio Laura J - - 2010
We sought to evaluate the association between the rate of repeat adolescent births and mode of delivery. This was a retrospective cohort study of 899 adolescents delivering in Rhode Island. Repeat birth rates were calculated and compared between adolescents delivering their first baby via cesarean vs vaginally. Fisher's exact test, ...
Gregory Kimberly D - - 2010
A review of the literature and analysis of the National Inpatient Sample Database was performed to describe the trends in vaginal birth after cesarean availability in the United States and the factors associated with changing use. Vaginal birth after cesarean increased after the first National Institutes of Health Consensus Conference ...
O'Shea T Michael - - 2010
In subsequent pregnancies after a cesarean delivery, women must choose between attempting to deliver vaginally or undergoing another cesarean delivery. Information relevant to this choice includes the long-term benefits and harms to the baby. In this article we discuss the relationship of mode of delivery (planned trial of labor, either ...
Grobman William A - - 2010
There have been multiple observational studies that have assessed the probability that a woman who undertakes a trial of labor after a previous cesarean delivery will have a vaginal birth. These studies have demonstrated a population-level probability of a successful vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) that ranges between 60% and ...
- - 2010
Trial of labor after previous cesarean delivery (TOLAC)* provides women who desire a vaginal delivery with the possibility of achieving that goal--a vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC). In addition to fulfilling a patient's preference for vaginal delivery, at an individual level VBAC is associated with decreased maternal morbidity and ...
Livingston Elizabeth G - - 2010
To estimate risk of infant respiratory morbidity associated with cesarean delivery before labor and ruptured membranes among HIV-1-infected women. In a prospective cohort study of HIV-1-infected women and their infants, mode of delivery was determined by clinicians at the participating sites. For this analysis, "elective cesarean delivery" was defined as ...
Patel Ravi M RM Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, - - 2010
Women must often choose between a vaginal birth after previous cesarean and elective repeat cesarean delivery. Short-term risks of vaginal birth after cesarean can be potentially catastrophic in the setting of uterine rupture. Although randomized controlled trials comparing these 2 modes of delivery are lacking, observational studies suggest an increased ...
Guise Jeanne-Marie - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence about maternal and neonatal outcomes relating to vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC). DATA SOURCES: Relevant studies were identified from multiple searches of MEDLINE, DARE, and the Cochrane databases (1980 to September 2009) and from recent systematic reviews, reference lists, reviews, editorials, Web sites, and ...
Parva Mehdi - - 2010
Placenta percreta with pelvic organ invasion carries a high mortality for mother and fetus. Appropriate multidisciplinary consultation, strategy, and preoperative planning for Cesarean hysterectomy permitted caregivers to provide a maternal-infant bonding experience, surgical hemostasis, preservation of bladder function, and a healthy, vigorous neonate.
Seneviratne Hashini R - - 2010
Cesarean deliveries (C-section) have been increasing over time. The objectives of this study were to analyze cesarean section delivery rates over time, and determine whether there is an association between C-section, mortality, and severe intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in VLBW infants. We performed a retrospective cohort study of babies with birth ...
Wilmink Freke A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate number and timing of elective cesarean sections at term and to assess perinatal outcome associated with this timing. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a recent retrospective cohort study including all elective cesarean sections of singleton pregnancies at term (n = 20,973) with neonatal follow-up. Primary outcome ...
Kringeland Tone - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In Norway, intervention in childbirth has increased from 3 percent in 1967 to 37 percent in 2006. The objectives of this study were, first, to estimate to which extent women who expressed a preference for natural birth actually were delivered vaginally without interventions, and second, to estimate the influence ...
Gouchon Silvia - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of skin-to-skin contact (SSC) after vaginal delivery has been shown. After cesarean births, SSC is not done for practical and medical safety reasons because it is believed that infants may suffer mild hypothermia. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare mothers' and newborns' temperatures after ...
Ahmeti Fehmi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to analyze the frequency of preterm deliveries in Obstetrics & Gynecology Clinic, University Clinical Centre of Kosovo, Prishtina (Republic of Kosovo), as well as to assess the survival advantage of premature newborns according to mode of delivery (cesarean section vs. vaginal). MATERIAL AND ...
Chalmers Beverley - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Many publications have examined the reasons behind the rising cesarean delivery rate around the world. Women's responses to the Maternity Experiences Survey of the Canadian Perinatal Surveillance System were examined to explore correlates of having a cesarean section on other experiences surrounding labor, birth, mother-infant contact, and breastfeeding. METHODS: ...
Menacker Fay - - 2010
Data from the Natality Data File, National Vital Statistics System. The cesarean rate rose by 53% from 1996 to 2007, reaching 32%, the highest rate ever reported in the United States. From 1996 to 2007, the cesarean rate increased for mothers in all age and racial and Hispanic origin groups. ...
Klaus Marshall - - 2010
Abstract In the 1990s a rising tide of medical, surgical, and instrumental interventions served to make childbirth almost treated like a disease. This report supports a different approach to childbirth. A case and discussions of induction are presented. A national survey of 1,573 pregnant women throughout the United States was ...
Chongsuvivatwong Virasakdi - - 2010
To compare the mortality, morbidity of emergency and elective cesarean section with vaginal delivery among Asian teaching hospitals. Hospital based prospective study at 12 centers of 9 countries. 12 591 vaginal deliveries, 3062 elective and 4328 emergency cesarean section were followed up to 5 days postpartum. Maternal deaths (95% CI) ...
Moczygemba Charmaine K - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine rates of birth trauma in 2 groupings (all International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes for birth trauma, and as defined by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Indicator [PSI]) among infants born by vaginal and cesarean delivery. STUDY DESIGN: Data on ...
Fu Jung-Chung - - 2010
Cultural and ethnic roots impact women's fertility and delivery preferences This study investigated whether the likelihood of cesarean delivery, primary cesarean, and vaginal delivery after cesarean (VBAC) varies by maternal national origin. We conducted a nation-wide, population-based, observational study using secondary data from Taiwan. De-identified data were obtained on all ...
Chen Jian Sheng - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of using linked health records to assess data quality in population health data. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Reproductive histories of 155,897 women were constructed by longitudinal linkage of the New South Wales (Australia) birth records in 1998-2005, and 127,952 ...
Gajjar Ketan - - 2009
This case report illustrates the cosmetic outcome of a scalpel-related laceration injury sustained to a newborn infant that occurred during the course of an elective cesarean section for breech presentation. This buttock laceration was noted to be 2 cm in length at the time of birth. Twelve years later, the ...
Shah Archana - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between cesarean delivery rates and pregnancy outcomes in African health facilities. METHODS: Data were obtained from all births over 2-3 months in 131 facilities. Outcomes included maternal deaths, severe maternal morbidity, fresh stillbirths, and neonatal deaths and morbidity. RESULTS: Median cesarean delivery rate was 8.8% ...
Maayan-Metzger Ayala - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the extent and risk factors for hypotension among women undergoing elective cesarean section, and whether maternal hypotension has any impact on perinatal infant outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of data on 919 mother-infant pairs after elective cesarean section that involved the use of regional anesthetic. Data collection ...
Nolan Anne - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To pilot test a standardized intraoperative and postoperative nursing intervention protocol to minimize maternal-infant separation after Cesarean. DESIGN: Randomized-controlled trial. SETTING: A 250-bed acute care community hospital labor/delivery/recovery/postpartum unit with approximately 150 repeat Cesarean deliveries per year. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty women having a live, term, singleton, repeat Cesarean delivery and ...
Ruggiero Angela M - - 2009
Developmental studies of pre- to postnatal continuities in rhesus monkeys sometimes require infants be reared with their mothers. However, complications during pregnancy or experimental designs may require cesarean delivery. Owing to lack of published information on this subject, strategies are needed to introduce mothers to their infants following cesarean delivery. ...
Onankpa Ben - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate fetal outcome for the various indications for cesarean section. METHODOLOGY: A review of all cases of cesarean section that were done in the maternity unit at Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria, between January 2006 and April 2007, with emphasis on indications and perinatal outcome. RESULTS: ...
Jain Neetu J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether rates of selected neonatal complications vary by mode of delivery and whether these rates are changing as a result of the increasing cesarean delivery rate. METHOD: Birth certificates in New Jersey from 1997 to 2005 were matched to hospital discharge records for mothers and newborns. ...
Kamath Beena D - - 2009
To examine the outcomes of neonates born by elective repeat cesarean delivery compared with vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) in women with one prior cesarean delivery and to evaluate the cost differences between elective repeat cesarean and VBAC. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 672 women with one prior ...
Rachatapantanakorn Orasa - - 2009
We investigated demographic determinants for cesarean delivery based on a database of 25,829 singleton births at Pattani Hospital from October 1, 1996 to September 30, 2005. This database includes demographic information about the mother and delivery type outcomes. Using logistic regression analysis to adjust each factor for possible confounding effects ...
Michaluk Cynthia Acuff - - 2009
The rate of cesarean deliveries by maternal request (CDMRs) is rising in the U.S. This article explains why women choose this type of delivery, notes the risks of CDMR for the infant, and suggests ways neonatal nurses can minimize the risks for well infants, as well as for those who ...
Tuuli Methodius G - - 2009
The increasing rates of repeat cesarean delivery necessitate, more than ever, the need to time deliveries to optimize neonatal outcomes. A recent large multicenter cohort study demonstrated that, contrary to current recommendations, a high proportion of elective cesarean deliveries in the USA are performed before 39 weeks' gestation. These early ...
Premkumar Muralidhar H - - 2009
Scrotoschisis is a rare congenital defect of the scrotal sac associated with extrusion of one or both testicles. Only 9 cases have been reported in the literature. The exact mechanism causing this rare congenital defect is unknown. We describe a case of unilateral scrotoschisis in a 35-week preterm infant delivered ...
Liu Aizhong A School of Public Health, Central South University, Hunan, Peoples' Republic of - - 2009
To assess the utilization of health care services by pregnant women affected by preeclampsia (PE). Population-based study. Perinatal partnership hospitals in Ontario. Obstetric deliveries in 2005 Canadian province of Ontario (about 95% of births). For each PE case, four subjects without PE matched by age, parity, plurality, and hospital at ...
Tita Alan T N AT Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 619 19th St. South, Birmingham, AL 35249, USA. - - 2009
Because of increased rates of respiratory complications, elective cesarean delivery is discouraged before 39 weeks of gestation unless there is evidence of fetal lung maturity. We assessed associations between elective cesarean delivery at term (37 weeks of gestation or longer) but before 39 weeks of gestation and neonatal outcomes. We ...
Mailàth-Pokorny Mariella - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate neonatal outcome after breech presentation in term pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: Data from 1345 term breech deliveries over a 12-year study period were retrospectively reviewed. Neonatal morbidity and mortality were compared by route of delivery. RESULTS: We investigated 1345 term breech deliveries. A total of 1041 patients (77.4%) ...
Hemminki Elina - - 2009
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this paper is to establish whether health professionals in Finland have cesarean sections more or less often than other women of a similar educational background. DESIGN. Register-based study (Finnish birth register). SETTING. Finland 1990-2006. POPULATION. Singleton births, for midwives (3,009 births), nurses (101,199), and physicians (7,642). ...
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