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Results 301 - 350 of 1524
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Underwood Mark A MA Department of Pediatrics, University of California Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA. - - 2013
Premature infants are at risk for growth failure, developmental delays, necrotizing enterocolitis, and late-onset sepsis. Human milk from women delivering prematurely has more protein and higher levels of bioactive molecules. Human milk must be fortified for premature infants to achieve adequate growth. Mother's own milk improves growth and neurodevelopment, decreases ...
Liaw Jen-Jiuan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Pain and stress agitate preterm infants, interrupting their sleep. Frequent high arousal states may affect infants' brain development and illness recovery. Preserving infants' sleep and relieving their pain during painful procedures are both important for their health. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of different combinations of non-nutritive sucking (sucking), ...
Kagan Ilya - - 2013
Extracorporeal life support has become an integral part of the technologies used in the intensive care. Renal replacement therapy is used daily and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has become more popular in the recent years with the increasing prevalence of influenza-induced severe respiratory failure. Many years ago, critically ill infants ...
Gupta R - - 2012
Feeding is a family's biggest concerns when a child is born with cleft lip and/or palate. The goal for that child is to have as near normal feeding as possible. This report presents fabrication of feeding plates in two infants born with cleft lip and palate using two different materials.
Rkhzay-Jaf Jwan - - 2012
Over recent decades there has been a rapid rise in metabolic disorders throughout the world. Whilst lifestyle and societal habits have contributed to the obesity epidemic, there is now increasing evidence that the early developmental environment of an infant can play a pivotal role in the 'programming' of an adverse ...
Francescato Gaia - - 2012
The influence of critical illnesses on adverse outcomes in newborn infants seems to be mediated by nutritional intakes during the first week or few weeks of life. Changes in amounts and ratios of protein and energy, fat quality (medium chain triglycerides, and n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids), maintaining normoglycemia during ...
Roggero Paola - - 2012
The optimization of the nutritional management of preterm infants has gained importance due to the increased survival of these vulnerable infants. In fact, the achievement of an adequate growth has been associated with a favourable neurodevelopment outcome. Nevertheless, preterm infants still develop severe nutrient deficiencies during the first few weeks ...
Körner Robert W - - 2012
Premature infants constitute a risk group for thiamin deficiency but only little is known about their thiamin status. The aim of the present study was to investigate the thiamin status of premature infants by determination of thiamin diphosphate (TDP) and to identify risk factors for low TDP concentrations. In a ...
Dani Carlo - - 2012
We aimed to assess the current knowledge on the nutritional management of preterm infants at risk of developing bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or with BPD. We considered the evidence supporting the actual fluid and energy intake, proteins, lipids, and electrolytes requirement, and need for other nutrients in preterm infant at risk ...
Fanaro Silvia - - 2012
Postnatal growth restriction and failure to thrive is a major issue in preterm, especially extremely low-birth-weight infants. Optimization of enteral nutrition, without increasing the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), has thus become a priority for the neonatologist, who often has to face the challenge of interpreting the clinical and prognostic ...
Edwards Taryn M - - 2012
Vulnerable infants are at an increased risk for feeding intolerance due to immaturity or dysfunction (ie, congenital anomaly or obstruction) of the gastrointestinal system and/or hemodynamic instability. Symptoms of feeding intolerance include vomiting, water-loss stools, increased abdominal girth, and increased gastric residuals. It has been well documented that human milk ...
Marincola Flaminia Cesare - - 2012
Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate the metabolic profile of preterm human breast milk (HBM) by using a metabolomic approach. Methods: NMR spectroscopy and GC/MS were used to analyze the water-soluble and lipid fractions extracted from milk samples obtained from mothers giving birth at 26-36 weeks ...
Szajewska Hania - - 2012
In 2011, the Committee on Nutrition of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition systematically reviewed published evidence on the safety and health effects of the administration of formulae supplemented with probiotics and/or prebiotics compared with unsupplemented formulae. The document could serve as an example of problems relating ...
Juul Sandra - - 2012
Objective: To review causes of anemia in preterm infants and to suggest potential preventive measures. Methods: Data for this review is obtained from review of the literature. Results: An approach to investigating and treating causes of neonatal anemia is outlined. Conclusions: Clinical practices can significantly impact anemia in premature infants. ...
Sellitto Maria M Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Villa Betania Evangelical Hospital, Naples, Italy. - - 2012
Very low birth weight and other critically ill neonates require prolonged vascular access, which is achieved in current practice with central venous catheters. The initiation of adequate parenteral nutrition and prolonged intravenous medications represent the most important applications. Central vascular access in neonates is associated with a high risk for ...
Shao Jie J Department of Child Health Care, Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, - - 2012
Iron deficiency (ID) is common in pregnant women and infants, particularly in developing countries. The relation between maternal and neonatal iron status remains unclear. This study considered the issue in a large sample of mother-newborn pairs in rural southeastern China. Hemoglobin (Hb) and serum ferritin (SF) were measured in 3702 ...
Patel Devika D University of Missouri, Kansas City, MissouriUniversity of North Carolina, Wilmington, North CarolinaChildren's Mercy Hospital and Clinics, Kansas City, - - 2013
A young infant with fever and oral ulcerations is presented herein. Extensive infectious, nutritional, immunodeficiency and autoimmune work up was performed. Pertinent maternal history suggested the potential diagnosis of neonatal Behçet's, and treatment for this condition resulted in rapid and sustained clinical improvement.
Erickson T - - 2012
Objective:Fortification of human milk for preterm infants is necessary and a common newborn intensive care practice. Currently, acidified human milk as part of a human milk fortifier is being fed to preterm infants. However, there are little data on the acidification effects on mother's milk. The aim of this study ...
Barreto Anna Christina do N G AC Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, General Gustavo Cordeiro de Faria, SN, Petrópolis, Natal/RN, 59010-180. Natal/RN, Brazil. - - 2013
[corrected] The study sought to determine the prevalence of postnatal growth restriction (PNGR) and the predictors of nutritional outcome in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Cross-sectional study conducted in a maternity school between July 2005 and August 2006. One-hundred and twelve VLBW infants were assessed during hospitalization, fed unfortified ...
Parker Katherine L - - 2012
Caribou (Rangifer tarandus) are considered difficult to hand-rear in captivity because they are sensitive to the composition and volume of formulated milks. We used a strict feeding schedule and a commercial milk formula designed specifically for caribou to bottle-feed neonates captured from five wild caribou herds in Alaska. Under a ...
Mantadakis Elpis - - 2012
Despite the fact that sunlight-dependent skin synthesis is the major mechanism for vitamin D synthesis in vivo, vitamin D-deficiency rickets continues to occur in exclusively breastfed infants in Greece. We present such a case in a 5-month-old infant who presented with afebrile seizures and whose mother was underexposed to sunlight due ...
Phillips Melissa M - - 2012
The Stakeholder Panel on Infant Formula and Adult Nutritionals of AOAC INTERNATIONAL has declared both choline and carnitine to be priority nutrients in infant formulas, and ongoing efforts exist to develop or improve Official Methods of Analysis for these nutrients. As a result, matrix-based certified reference materials are needed with ...
Moon Hyung Suk - - 2012
In the extremities of premature infants, the skin and subcutaneous tissue are very pliable due to immaturity and have a greater degree of skin laxity and mobility. Thus, we can expect wounds to heal rapidly by wound contraction. This study investigates wound healing of full-thickness defects in premature infant extremities. ...
Balay Kimberly S - - 2012
There is very little data regarding trace mineral nutrition in infants with small intestinal ostomies. Here we evaluated 14 infants with jejunal or ileal ostomies to measure their zinc absorption and retention and biochemical zinc and copper status. Zinc absorption was measured using a dual-tracer stable isotope technique at two ...
Tudehope David I DI Mothers and Babies Research Theme, Mater Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. - - 2012
The availability and composition of preterm and post-discharge formulas (PDFs) have undergone considerable changes over the last decade. Human milk, supplemented with multi-component fortifier, is the preferred feed for very preterm infants as it has beneficial effects for both short- and long-term outcomes compared with formula. If supply of mother's ...
van Neerven R J Joost - - 2012
Several epidemiologic studies have shown that growing up in a farming environment is associated with a decreased risk of allergies. A factor that correlates strongly with this effect is the early ingestion of unheated cow's milk. Although, to date, no controlled studies on raw milk consumption have been performed to ...
Weichelt Ulrike - - 2012
In preterm human infants, briefly elevated concentrations of high oxygen are associated with a prolonged increase in blood chemokine concentrations and development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Caffeine given to preterm infants for prevention or treatment of apnoea has been shown to reduce the rate of BPD.Here, we tested the hypotheses ...
Sebayang Susy K - - 2012
Objective  To examine the determinants of low birthweight (LBW), small-for-gestation (SGA) and preterm births in Lombok, Indonesia, an area of high infant mortality. Methods  Data from The Supplementation with Multiple Micronutrient Intervention Trial (SUMMIT), a double-blind cluster-randomised controlled trial, were analysed. The odds ratio of factors known to be associated ...
Robinson Siân S MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK. - - 2012
There is a growing recognition of the need for a lifecourse approach to understanding the aetiology of adult disease, and there is now significant evidence that links patterns of infant feeding to differences in health outcomes, both in the short and longer term. Breastfeeding is associated with lower rates of ...
Bertino E - - 2012
Benefits of breastfeeding are widely recognized, during the last decades human milk has been identified as the normative standard for infant feeding and nutrition. Recent evidence focused on specific bioactive and immunomodulatory factors, such as oligosaccharides, lactose, glycosaminoglycans of human milk and the variability of their concentrations during lactation in ...
Meshram I I - - 2012
Background. Infant feeding practices have a major role in determining the nutritional status of children and are associated with household socioeconomic and demographic factors. We did a cross-sectional household study to assess feeding practices of infants and young children in rural areas of Medak district, Andhra Pradesh. Methods.A total of ...
De Nisi G - - 2012
In a NICU early enteral feeding is usually possible only when the newborn clinical conditions permit it. Because of the frequent need of umbilical/central catheters, they usually start with parenteral feeding and/or with minimal enteral feeding (trophic feeding). This kind of management is even more frequent in VLBWIs, in which ...
Conde-Agudelo Agustín - - 2012
This systematic review of 58 observational studies identified hypothetical causal mechanisms explaining the effects of short and long intervals between pregnancies on maternal, perinatal, infant, and child health, and critically examined the scientific evidence for each causal mechanism hypothesized. The following hypothetical causal mechanisms for explaining the association between short ...
Olusanya Bolajoko O BO Department of Community Health and Primary Care, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Surulere, Lagos, - - 2012
This retrospective cohort study set out to determine perinatal and maternal factors associated with full-term (≥37 weeks) newborns with abnormal head sizes at birth in Lagos, Nigeria. Age and gender specific head circumference was determined with the current Child Growth Standards of the World Health Organization while maternal and infant ...
Patel R M - - 2012
Objective:To determine if early caffeine (EC) therapy is associated with decreased bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or death, decreased treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), or shortened duration of ventilation.Study Design:In a retrospective cohort of 140 neonates 1250 g at birth, infants receiving EC (initiation <3 days of life) were compared with those ...
Santos Iná S - - 2012
Coffee and other caffeinated beverages are commonly consumed in pregnancy. In adults, caffeine may interfere with sleep onset and have a dose-response effect similar to those seen during insomnia. In infancy, nighttime waking is a common event. With this study, we aimed to investigate if maternal caffeine consumption during pregnancy ...
Spitzer Alan R - - 2012
The introduction of methylxanthines, especially caffeine, for the treatment of apnea of prematurity has been one of the most important and effective therapies in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to date. Several trials have demonstrated its effectiveness in most NICU infants. It remains a cost-effective intervention with minimal short- ...
Fanos Vassilios - - 2012
Metabolomics is a new approach based on the systematic study of the full complement of metabolites in a biological sample. This technology consists of two sequential steps: (1) an experimental technique, based on nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy or mass spectrometry, designed to profile low-molecular-weight compounds, and (2) multivariate data ...
- - 2012
Overview This joint statement provides health professionals in Canada with evidence-informed principles and recommendations to promote communication of accurate, consistent advice to parents and caregivers on infant nutrition in the first six months. Participating organizations in the Infant Feeding Joint Work Group collaborated to revise guidance from 1998 and 2005. ...
Flores-Huerta Samuel - - 2012
To determine the nutritional status of Mexican infants under two years of age. Five nutritional surveys, three being representative of the nation, were assessed using several anthropometric indicators, with reference to the WHO 2006 growth standard. From national surveys, the incidence of low birth weight ranged from 8.9 to 8.1% ...
Ahmed Tahmeed - - 2012
Maternal and child undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies affect approximately half of the world's population. These conditions include intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), low birth weight, protein-energy malnutrition, chronic energy deficit of women, and micronutrient deficiencies. Although the rates of stunting or chronic protein-energy malnutrition are increasing in Africa, the absolute numbers ...
Billig Erica M W - - 2012
Although 80% of malaria occurs in children under five years of age, infants under six months of age are known to have low rates of infection and disease. It is not clear why this youngest age group is protected; possible factors include maternal antibodies, unique nutrition (breast milk), and the ...
Roggero Paola - - 2012
Prevention of postnatal growth restriction of very preterm infants still represents a challenge for neonatologists. As standard feeding regimens have proven to be inadequate. Improved feeding strategies are needed to promote growth. Aim of the present study was to evaluate whether a set of nutritional strategies could limit the postnatal ...
Yang Wenfang - - 2012
The first 18 months of life are the most important for long-term childhood well-being. Anemia and malnutrition occurring in this key period have serious implications for individuals and societies, especially in rural areas in developing country. We conducted a cross-sectional study as the baseline survey to provide data for developing ...
Jacobi Sheila K - - 2012
Dietary nutrients are essential for gastrointestinal (GI) growth and function, and nutritional support of GI growth and development is a significant component of infant care. For healthy full-term neonates, nutritional provisions of the mother's milk and/or formula will support normal maturation of structure and function of the GI tract in ...
Thurin Serge M - - 2012
To evaluate the impact of nurse-regulated feedings (NRFs) on growth velocity and weight gain of 1200-1500 g preterm infants. Cohort 1: All preterm infants 1200-1500 g between 1997 and 2001 not on NRF protocol; Cohort 2: All preterm infants 1200-1500 g between 2003 and 2006 on NRF protocol. Both cohorts ...
Moore Sophie E SE MRC Keneba, MRC Unit The Gambia, PO Box 273, Banjul, The Gambia. - - 2012
Recent observational research indicates that immune development may be programmed by nutritional exposures early in life. Such findings require replication from trials specifically designed to assess the impact of nutritional intervention during pregnancy on infant immune development. The current trial seeks to establish: (a) which combination of protein-energy (PE) and ...
Khalesi Nassrin N Department of Pediatrics, Ali Asghar Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2012
Maternal vitamin D deficiency is one of the major risk factors for neonatal vitamin D deficiency followed by neonatal hypocalcaemia. The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between delayed neonatal hypocalcaemia and maternal vitamin D deficiency. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study. Target population of this study ...
Freitas Brunnella Alcantara Chagas de - - 2011
This article reviews the current understanding of enteral and parenteral nutrition therapy in preterm infants, with an emphasis on very low birth weight babies. The protective effects of nutrition therapy against neonatal sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis are discussed. Different methods of feeding preterm infants are evaluated. Special attention is given ...
Gupta Sachin - - 2012
Despite significant progress in the treatment of preterm neonates, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) continues to be a major cause of neonatal morbidity. Affected infants suffered from long-term pulmonary and nonpulmonary sequel. The pulmonary sequels include reactive airway disease and asthma during childhood and adolescence. Nonpulmonary sequels include poor coordination and muscle ...
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