Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1531
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Rühl R - - 2013
Carotenoids are important derivatives of the human diet and occur in high concentrations in the human organism. Various carotenoids are also present in human breast milk and are transferred to breast-fed children. The alternative to breastfeeding is supplementation with an infant milk formula, but these formulas contain only a limited ...
Olusanya Bolajoko O - - 2013
To determine the pattern of and factors associated with changes in nutritional status in early infancy in a resource-poor setting. A cohort study in Lagos, Nigeria, in which the nutritional status at birth was compared with status at the first postnatal check-up routinely scheduled for 6-8 weeks based on the ...
Vasu V V Section of Neonatal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, Chelsea and Westminster Campus, London, UK. - - 2013
We have previously shown that by term age, preterm infants have elevated intrahepatocellular lipid (IHCL) content and altered regional adiposity, both of which are risk factors for cardiometabolic illness in adult life. Preterm nutritional intake is a plausible determinant of these aberrant trajectories of development. We aimed to establish if ...
Fong Bertram Yin - - 2013
Phospholipids have been used widely in the food industry as emulsifiers but it is their biological and nutritional function that has been the focus over recent years. The recognition of the importance of phospholipids and sphingomyelin for infant development has led to an increase in the number of infant formulas ...
Chang Fang-Yuan - - 2013
The benefits of feeding human milk to infants, even in prematurity, have been well documented. Well-organized donor milk processing has made the milk bank a good source of nutrition for premature or sick infants if their own mother's milk is not sufficient or suitable. The Taipei City Hospital Milk Bank ...
Corpeleijn Willemijn E - - 2013
The cause of growth restriction in preterm infants is multifactorial, but it has been estimated that about 50% of the variance in early postnatal growth can be attributed to nutrition. Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants who were born small-for-gestational age (SGA) seem to have the highest risk to become ...
Szajewska Hania - - 2013
Currently, one of the scientific concepts is that maternal, fetal, and infant nutrition may have implications for infant size and growth and subsequently for the risk of developing chronic diseases later in life, in addition to genetic, environmental, and behavioral factors. As a consequence, the interest of scientists and policy ...
Mims Susan R - - 2013
Baby Friendly hospitals promote and support breastfeeding to increase the number of infants who receive the health and social benefits and optimal nutrition that breast milk provides. Hospitals that implement best practices for breastfeeding can receive the "baby friendly" designation. A transdisciplinary approach is increasing the number of North Carolina ...
Pieltain C - - 2013
Recent advances in neonatal care significantly increases survival rate in preterm and particularly in extremely low birth weight infants (ELBW infants) and nutrition is becoming one of the most challenging issue to improve short and long term health and developmental outcomes. Nutrition is also relevant for bone development and mineralization ...
Warren Mikako - - 2013
Background Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) via central venous catheter (CVC) is used routinely to provide adequate nutrition for neonates, especially those with very low birth weights (VLBWN). Pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade (PCE/CT) is a potentially life-threatening CVC complication. Design This autopsy study presents the gross and histopathologic findings in ...
Izumi Hirohisa - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small regulatory RNA molecules that modulate specific target mRNAs and play very important roles in physiological processes. They were recently detected in body fluids such as blood, urine, saliva, and milk. These body fluid miRNAs have been studied thoroughly as potential diagnostic biomarkers. However, there have been ...
Pedrosa Cristina - - 2013
Vitamin D deficiency, once thought to be eradicated, is becoming a frequent occurence in children, caused mainly by dietary insufficiency. The classical manifestation is rickets, but in infants severe hypocalcaemia may present as stridor, tetany, seizures or, rarely, heart disease. Here, we describe four infants who presented with complications of ...
Domellöf Magnus - - 2013
Low birthweight (LBW), defined as birthweight <2,500 g, is a major global public health problem and is associated with lifelong cognitive and behavioral problems. Very LBW (VLBW) infants (<1,500 g) are at high risk of multiple macro- and micronutrient deficiencies, but most LBW infants are larger (1,500-2,500 g), and the ...
Makrides Maria - - 2013
Infants born with low birthweight (LBW) have poorer neurodevelopmental outcomes compared with their term counterparts with appropriate weight for gestational age. The perinatal period is a time of high energy and high nutrient needs, and any process, such as preterm birth, poor nutrition or placental insufficiency, that interrupts the concentrated ...
Ziegler Ekhard E - - 2013
Appropriate growth of premature infants can be defined as growth that is not associated with adverse consequences in the short and the long term. Growth failure is associated with neurocognitive impairment. The goal of nutritional management therefore is the achievement of appropriate growth by ensuring that nutrient intakes are maintained ...
Paynter Stuart - - 2013
Children with poor nutrition are at increased risk of pneumonia. In many tropical settings seasonal pneumonia epidemics occur during the rainy season, which is often a period of poor nutrition. We have investigated whether seasonal hunger may be a driver of seasonal pneumonia epidemics in children in the tropical setting ...
Motee Ashmika - - 2013
Proper breastfeeding practices are effective ways for reducing childhood morbidity and mortality. While many mothers understand the importance of breastfeeding, others are less knowledgeable on the benefits of breastfeeding and weaning. The aim in here is to assess breastfeeding pattern, infant formula feeding pattern, and weaning introduction in Mauritius and ...
Bonsante Francesco - - 2013
Early aggressive parenteral nutrition (PN), consisting of caloric and nitrogen intake soon after birth, is currently proposed for the premature baby. Some electrolyte disturbances, such as hypophosphatemia and hypercalcemia, considered unusual in early life, were recently described while using this PN approach. We hypothesize that, due to its impact on ...
Bhatia Jatinder - - 2013
Human milk is the preferred feeding for both term and preterm infants. While being considered optimal for term infants, human milk, even from mothers delivering preterm infants, is lacking in protein, energy, sodium, calcium, and phosphorus, resulting in poorer growth and nutrient deficiencies when compared to formulas designed for these ...
Gruszfeld Dariusz - - 2013
Maternal diet, nutritional status during pregnancy, and the early diet of the offspring play an important role in later health. The short- and long-term outcomes of early nutrition have been extensively studied in recent decades. One of the most commonly investigated nutritional interventions is breastfeeding, which is associated with a ...
Lubetzky Ronit - - 2013
This chapter examines the evidence behind the need or not to routinely administer multivitamin and/or mineral preparations to term infants. We reviewed the recommended dietary allowances (RDAs) of vitamins and minerals during the first year of life and examined whether standard nutritional options, i.e. human milk or infant formulae consistent ...
Neu Josef - - 2013
Over the past couple of decades, glutamine (GLN) has emerged as important metabolic intermediate, signaling molecule and nutrient that becomes rapidly depleted and therefore critically important during stress. In very low-birthweight (VLBW) infants, a population of patients in whom supplementation of GLN should provide major benefits, GLN is provided in ...
Miletta Maria Consolata - - 2013
Suboptimal dietary zinc (Zn(2+)) intake is increasingly appreciated as an important public health issue. Zn(2+) is an essential mineral, and infants are particularly vulnerable to Zn(2+) deficiency, as they require large amounts of Zn(2+) for their normal growth and development. Although term infants are born with an important hepatic Zn(2+) ...
Meier Paula P - - 2013
This symposium examined the impact of human milk (HM) from the infant's own mother on health, nutrition, and cost outcomes in very low birthweight (VLBW; <1500 g birthweight) infants. The 4 symposium speakers presented original research and summarized existing evidence about these primary outcomes. The conclusions from the symposium suggest ...
Owais Aatekah - - 2013
To identify maternal and antenatal factors associated with stillbirths and neonatal deaths in rural Bangladesh. A prospective cohort study is being conducted to evaluate a maternal and child nutrition program in rural Bangladesh. Cases were all stillbirths and neonatal deaths that occurred in the cohort between March 7, 2011 and ...
Muhammad Hanif Hafsa H Dow Medical College, Dow University of Health Sciences, Baba-e-Urdu Road, 74400 Karachi, Pakistan. - - 2013
Optimal infant and young child feeding practices are crucial to improving the health and nutritional status of children. Bangladesh Breastfeeding Foundation, UNICEF and several other organizations are working in the country for the promotion of healthy feeding practices. This article presents trends in breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices in Bangladesh ...
Talley Leisel E LE Emergency Response and Recovery Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of - - 2013
Following the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, infant and young child feeding was identified as a priority nutrition intervention. A new approach to support breastfeeding mothers and distribute ready-to-use infant formula (RUIF) to infants unable to breastfeed was established. The objective of the evaluation was to assess the implementation of infant ...
Hambleton Matthew Todd MT Department of Pediatrics, University of Kentucky , Lexington, KY , - - 2013
In utero exposure to opiates may affect autonomic functioning of the fetus and newborn. We investigated heart rate variability (HRV) as a measure of autonomic stability in prenatal opiate-exposed neonates (n = 14) and in control term infants (n = 10). Electrocardiographic data during both non-nutritive and nutritive sucking were evaluated for RR intervals, ...
Joseph Nitin N Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Mangalore, - - 2013
Rearing practices are a major determinant of nutritional and health status of infants. Therefore these practices need to be better understood. To find out infant rearing practices in the study area. A longitudinal study was conducted on a birth cohort of 194 infants. Information on rearing practices and anthropometric measurements ...
Yonezu Takuro T Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Tokyo Dental - - 2013
The aim of this study is to investigate infant feeding patterns and to analyze the influence of breast-feeding methods on the prevalence of non-nutritive sucking habits in a sample of Japanese infants. A random sample of 353 mothers of infants of 18 months of age was interviewed at a public ...
Sundekilde Ulrik K UK Department of Food Science, Aarhus University, Kirstinebjergvej 10, Årslev DK-5792, Denmark. - - 2013
Milk is a key component in infant nutrition worldwide and, in the Western parts of the world, also in adult nutrition. Milk of bovine origin is both consumed fresh and processed into a variety of dairy products including cheese, fermented milk products, and infant formula. The nutritional quality and processing ...
Tamilia Eleonora - - 2013
The Sucking Efficiency (SEF) is one of the main parameters used to monitor and assess the sucking pattern development in infants. Since Nutritive Sucking (NS) is one of the earliest motor activity performed by infants, its objective monitoring may allow to assess neurological and motor development of newborns. This work ...
VanderVeen Deborah K DK Department of Ophthalmology, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. - - 2013
To identify nutritional and weight gain limitations associated with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) severity among very preterm newborns. 1180 infants <28 weeks GA at birth with ROP examination results were grouped and analyzed by quartile of weekly total calorie, carbohydrate, protein, and lipid intake, as well as growth velocity between ...
Jeurink P V - - 2012
The presence of bacteria in human milk has been acknowledged since the seventies. For a long time, microbiological analysis of human milk was only performed in case of infections and therefore the presence of non-pathogenic bacteria was yet unknown. During the last decades, the use of more sophisticated culture-dependent and ...
Koletzko Berthold - - 2012
The follow-up formula (FUF) standard of Codex Alimentarius adopted in 1987 does not correspond to the recently updated Codex infant formula (IF) standard and current scientific knowledge. New Zealand proposed a revision of the FUF Codex standard and asked the non-profit Early Nutrition Academy, in collaboration with the Federation of ...
Kubota Kio - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Parenteral nutrition (PN)-associated liver dysfunction (PNALD) in term infants usually manifests as intrahepatic cholestasis (IHC), which recovers with enteral nutrition (EN) in most cases. However, as the number of extremely-low-birth-weight infants (ELBWI) has been increasing, and consequently intestinal diseases associated with ELBWI has been increasing, more intractable PNALD has ...
Cormack Barbara - - 2012
AIM: This survey investigated standardised feeding guidelines and nutrition policy in Australasian neonatal intensive care units and compared these with previously published surveys and international consensus nutrition recommendations. METHODS: An electronic survey on enteral nutrition comprising a wide range of questions about clinical practice was e-mailed to all 25 Australasian ...
McLeod Gemma - - 2012
AIM: Preterm nutritional audits have previously been conducted using assumed milk composition. We audited protein and energy intakes in the first 28 days of preterm life using both assumed milk composition and milk analysis to assess their effect on weight gain and to determine if the recommended reasonable range of ...
Prentice Ann - - 2012
Nutritional rickets is a major public health problem in many countries of the world. The disease is characterised by deformities of the long bones, enlargement of the wrists and costochondral junctions, hypotonia and, in infants, craniotabes and delayed fontanelle closure. Predominantly caused by severe vitamin D deficiency, rickets can also ...
Mendonca K - - 2012
PURPOSE: The present report describes the distribution of breast milk and urinary free and total bisphenol A (BPA) concentrations, from 27 postpartum women and their 31 infants, and explores the influence of age, sex, and nutritional source on infant BPA urinary concentration. METHODS: Both free (unconjugated) and total (free plus ...
Steele J R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hyperosmolar infant feeds can cause osmotic diarrhoea and may be a risk factor for necrotising enterocolitis; the osmolality of infant formula is therefore usually <400 mOsm kg(-1) . However, in fluid-restricted infants and those needing nutritional support, formulas may be over-concentrated or supplemented. The present study aimed to determine the effect ...
Spatz Diane L - - 2012
Infants born with a giant omphalocele often require multiple surgeries requiring a lengthy hospital stay. These vulnerable infants may experience a long period of being NPO (nothing by mouth), followed by slowly advancing to enteral feeds. Human milk is the ideal method of nutrition for all infants and should be ...
Buddington R K - - 2012
Despite clinical research and medical advances, care of the preterm infant remains a clinical challenge, with the immature gastrointestinal (GI) system limiting the types and amounts of nutrients that can be provided enterally to meet energy and nutrient requirements. Progress in understanding the relationship between dietary inputs and the developing ...
Thymann T - - 2012
Preterm infants are susceptible to necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Using preterm pigs, we determined whether a whey-casein-based formula would be superior to a formula based on whey protein alone. Twenty cesarean-derived preterm pigs (92% gestation) were given total parenteral nutrition for 36 h followed by 30 h of enteral feeding with ...
Hanson Corrine - - 2012
Nutrition support practitioners are currently dealing with shortages of parenteral nutrition micronutrients, including multivitamins (MVI), selenium and zinc. A recent survey from the American Society of Enteral and Parenteral Nutrition (ASPEN) indicates that this shortage is having a profound effect on clinical practice. A majority of respondents reported taking some ...
O╩╝sullivan Aifric - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: Rhesus macaque monkeys are widely used as models for human physiology and behavior. They are particularly suited for studies on infant nutrition and metabolism; however, few studies have directly compared their metabolic or microbiological phenotypes. The aim of this study was to compare the metabolomic profiles and microbiome of ...
McCarthy Roberta A - - 2012
Little is known about vitamin D status in preterm infants and their response to supplementation. To investigate this, we assessed serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels using RIA in a consecutive sample of stable preterm very low birth weight (VLBW) infants (born ≤ 32 weeks gestation or birth weight ≤ 1·5 kg), and we ...
Fabi Marianna - - 2012
Nutritional rickets is still occasionally found in high-income countries, especially in populations at risk, and induced hypocalcaemia is a rare but possible cause of dilated cardiomyopathy. Although rare, physicians need to consider nutritional rickets in the differential diagnosis of hypocalcaemia cardiac failure, especially in high-risk populations such as immigrants. Despite ...
Premkumar Muralidhar H - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine factors leading to resolution of cholestasis in patients with parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease treated with fish oil-based lipid emulsion (FOLE). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study of 57 infants <6 months of age with parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease who received parenteral FOLE as monotherapy. RESULTS: Median gestational age ...
Reisinger Kostan W - - 2012
BackgroundReintroduction of enteral nutrition in neonates with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) should take place when the gut is ready. Too early start of oral feeding might lead to disease relapse, whereas prolonged discontinuation of enteral nutrition is associated with impaired gut function and parenteral nutrition-related complications. This study evaluates whether non-invasive ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >