Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1453
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Owais Aatekah - - 2013
To identify maternal and antenatal factors associated with stillbirths and neonatal deaths in rural Bangladesh. A prospective cohort study is being conducted to evaluate a maternal and child nutrition program in rural Bangladesh. Cases were all stillbirths and neonatal deaths that occurred in the cohort between March 7, 2011 and ...
Muhammad Hanif Hafsa H Dow Medical College, Dow University of Health Sciences, Baba-e-Urdu Road, 74400 Karachi, Pakistan. - - 2013
Optimal infant and young child feeding practices are crucial to improving the health and nutritional status of children. Bangladesh Breastfeeding Foundation, UNICEF and several other organizations are working in the country for the promotion of healthy feeding practices. This article presents trends in breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices in Bangladesh ...
Talley Leisel E LE Emergency Response and Recovery Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of - - 2013
Following the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, infant and young child feeding was identified as a priority nutrition intervention. A new approach to support breastfeeding mothers and distribute ready-to-use infant formula (RUIF) to infants unable to breastfeed was established. The objective of the evaluation was to assess the implementation of infant ...
Hambleton Matthew Todd MT Department of Pediatrics, University of Kentucky , Lexington, KY , - - 2013
In utero exposure to opiates may affect autonomic functioning of the fetus and newborn. We investigated heart rate variability (HRV) as a measure of autonomic stability in prenatal opiate-exposed neonates (n = 14) and in control term infants (n = 10). Electrocardiographic data during both non-nutritive and nutritive sucking were evaluated for RR intervals, ...
Joseph Nitin N Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Mangalore, - - 2013
Rearing practices are a major determinant of nutritional and health status of infants. Therefore these practices need to be better understood. To find out infant rearing practices in the study area. A longitudinal study was conducted on a birth cohort of 194 infants. Information on rearing practices and anthropometric measurements ...
Yonezu Takuro T Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Tokyo Dental - - 2013
The aim of this study is to investigate infant feeding patterns and to analyze the influence of breast-feeding methods on the prevalence of non-nutritive sucking habits in a sample of Japanese infants. A random sample of 353 mothers of infants of 18 months of age was interviewed at a public ...
Jeurink P V - - 2012
The presence of bacteria in human milk has been acknowledged since the seventies. For a long time, microbiological analysis of human milk was only performed in case of infections and therefore the presence of non-pathogenic bacteria was yet unknown. During the last decades, the use of more sophisticated culture-dependent and ...
Koletzko Berthold - - 2012
The follow-up formula (FUF) standard of Codex Alimentarius adopted in 1987 does not correspond to the recently updated Codex infant formula (IF) standard and current scientific knowledge. New Zealand proposed a revision of the FUF Codex standard and asked the non-profit Early Nutrition Academy, in collaboration with the Federation of ...
Kubota Kio - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Parenteral nutrition (PN)-associated liver dysfunction (PNALD) in term infants usually manifests as intrahepatic cholestasis (IHC), which recovers with enteral nutrition (EN) in most cases. However, as the number of extremely-low-birth-weight infants (ELBWI) has been increasing, and consequently intestinal diseases associated with ELBWI has been increasing, more intractable PNALD has ...
Cormack Barbara - - 2012
AIM: This survey investigated standardised feeding guidelines and nutrition policy in Australasian neonatal intensive care units and compared these with previously published surveys and international consensus nutrition recommendations. METHODS: An electronic survey on enteral nutrition comprising a wide range of questions about clinical practice was e-mailed to all 25 Australasian ...
McLeod Gemma - - 2012
AIM: Preterm nutritional audits have previously been conducted using assumed milk composition. We audited protein and energy intakes in the first 28 days of preterm life using both assumed milk composition and milk analysis to assess their effect on weight gain and to determine if the recommended reasonable range of ...
Prentice Ann - - 2012
Nutritional rickets is a major public health problem in many countries of the world. The disease is characterised by deformities of the long bones, enlargement of the wrists and costochondral junctions, hypotonia and, in infants, craniotabes and delayed fontanelle closure. Predominantly caused by severe vitamin D deficiency, rickets can also ...
Mendonca K - - 2012
PURPOSE: The present report describes the distribution of breast milk and urinary free and total bisphenol A (BPA) concentrations, from 27 postpartum women and their 31 infants, and explores the influence of age, sex, and nutritional source on infant BPA urinary concentration. METHODS: Both free (unconjugated) and total (free plus ...
Steele J R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hyperosmolar infant feeds can cause osmotic diarrhoea and may be a risk factor for necrotising enterocolitis; the osmolality of infant formula is therefore usually <400 mOsm kg(-1) . However, in fluid-restricted infants and those needing nutritional support, formulas may be over-concentrated or supplemented. The present study aimed to determine the effect ...
Spatz Diane L - - 2012
Infants born with a giant omphalocele often require multiple surgeries requiring a lengthy hospital stay. These vulnerable infants may experience a long period of being NPO (nothing by mouth), followed by slowly advancing to enteral feeds. Human milk is the ideal method of nutrition for all infants and should be ...
Buddington R K - - 2012
Despite clinical research and medical advances, care of the preterm infant remains a clinical challenge, with the immature gastrointestinal (GI) system limiting the types and amounts of nutrients that can be provided enterally to meet energy and nutrient requirements. Progress in understanding the relationship between dietary inputs and the developing ...
Thymann T - - 2012
Preterm infants are susceptible to necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Using preterm pigs, we determined whether a whey-casein-based formula would be superior to a formula based on whey protein alone. Twenty cesarean-derived preterm pigs (92% gestation) were given total parenteral nutrition for 36 h followed by 30 h of enteral feeding with ...
Hanson Corrine - - 2012
Nutrition support practitioners are currently dealing with shortages of parenteral nutrition micronutrients, including multivitamins (MVI), selenium and zinc. A recent survey from the American Society of Enteral and Parenteral Nutrition (ASPEN) indicates that this shortage is having a profound effect on clinical practice. A majority of respondents reported taking some ...
O╩╝sullivan Aifric - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: Rhesus macaque monkeys are widely used as models for human physiology and behavior. They are particularly suited for studies on infant nutrition and metabolism; however, few studies have directly compared their metabolic or microbiological phenotypes. The aim of this study was to compare the metabolomic profiles and microbiome of ...
McCarthy Roberta A - - 2012
Little is known about vitamin D status in preterm infants and their response to supplementation. To investigate this, we assessed serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels using RIA in a consecutive sample of stable preterm very low birth weight (VLBW) infants (born ≤ 32 weeks gestation or birth weight ≤ 1·5 kg), and we ...
Fabi Marianna - - 2012
Nutritional rickets is still occasionally found in high-income countries, especially in populations at risk, and induced hypocalcaemia is a rare but possible cause of dilated cardiomyopathy. Although rare, physicians need to consider nutritional rickets in the differential diagnosis of hypocalcaemia cardiac failure, especially in high-risk populations such as immigrants. Despite ...
Premkumar Muralidhar H - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine factors leading to resolution of cholestasis in patients with parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease treated with fish oil-based lipid emulsion (FOLE). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study of 57 infants <6 months of age with parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease who received parenteral FOLE as monotherapy. RESULTS: Median gestational age ...
Reisinger Kostan W - - 2012
BackgroundReintroduction of enteral nutrition in neonates with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) should take place when the gut is ready. Too early start of oral feeding might lead to disease relapse, whereas prolonged discontinuation of enteral nutrition is associated with impaired gut function and parenteral nutrition-related complications. This study evaluates whether non-invasive ...
Thorisdottir Asa Vala - - 2012
AIM: Revised infant dietary recommendations from the Icelandic Nutrition Council (11) are outlined in a booklet provided during free postnatal care. These focus on increasing the duration of exclusive and total breastfeeding and reducing cow's milk consumption. This study explored whether maternal education and other parental factors affected whether mothers ...
Abrahamse Evan - - 2012
At least during the first 6 months after birth, the nutrition of infants should ideally consist of human milk which provides 40-60 % of energy from lipids. Beyond energy, human milk also delivers lipids with a specific functionality, such as essential fatty acids (FA), phospholipids, and cholesterol. Healthy development, especially of the ...
Khalesi Nassrin - - 2012
Maternal vitamin D deficiency is one of the major risk factors for neonatal vitamin D deficiency followed by neonatal hypocalcaemia. The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between delayed neonatal hypocalcaemia and maternal vitamin D deficiency. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study. Target population of this study ...
Souza Gisele - - 2012
To quantify vitamin A levels in mature milk of 196 nursing women who were treated at the Maternity School of Rio de Janeiro and to evaluate its correlation with sociodemographic variables and degree of nutrition knowledge. To quantify retinol concentrations, 10 mL of mature milk were collected by manual expression ...
Lawrence Robert M - - 2013
This article reviews risks of illness or exposures to breastfed infants. Galactosemia in an infant is a contraindication to breastfeeding. There are no medical conditions in the mother that are contraindications, although diagnostic procedures, treatment, or illness can interfere. Restrictive diets or malnutrition are not contraindications but are opportunities to ...
Kim Myo Jing - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To identify the status of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in Korea and analyze the factors affecting exclusive breastfeeding at six months of age. METHOD: This study was based on data obtained from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) IV, conducted from January 2007 to December 2008. A ...
Hesketh Kylie D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The Melbourne Infant Feeding, Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT) Program, is a community-based, cluster-randomised controlled trial of an obesity prevention intervention delivered to first-time parents of infants from age 3- to 18-months. Conducted from 2008 to 2010, the program had high uptake and retention and showed positive impacts on ...
Whaley Shannon E - - 2012
We present infant feeding data before and after the 2009 Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) food package change that supported and incentivized breastfeeding. We describe the key role of California WIC staff in supporting these policy changes. We analyzed WIC data on more than 180,000 ...
Underwood Mark A MA Department of Pediatrics, University of California Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA. - - 2013
Premature infants are at risk for growth failure, developmental delays, necrotizing enterocolitis, and late-onset sepsis. Human milk from women delivering prematurely has more protein and higher levels of bioactive molecules. Human milk must be fortified for premature infants to achieve adequate growth. Mother's own milk improves growth and neurodevelopment, decreases ...
Liaw Jen-Jiuan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Pain and stress agitate preterm infants, interrupting their sleep. Frequent high arousal states may affect infants' brain development and illness recovery. Preserving infants' sleep and relieving their pain during painful procedures are both important for their health. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of different combinations of non-nutritive sucking (sucking), ...
Kagan Ilya - - 2013
Extracorporeal life support has become an integral part of the technologies used in the intensive care. Renal replacement therapy is used daily and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has become more popular in the recent years with the increasing prevalence of influenza-induced severe respiratory failure. Many years ago, critically ill infants ...
Gupta R - - 2012
Feeding is a family's biggest concerns when a child is born with cleft lip and/or palate. The goal for that child is to have as near normal feeding as possible. This report presents fabrication of feeding plates in two infants born with cleft lip and palate using two different materials.
Rkhzay-Jaf Jwan - - 2012
Over recent decades there has been a rapid rise in metabolic disorders throughout the world. Whilst lifestyle and societal habits have contributed to the obesity epidemic, there is now increasing evidence that the early developmental environment of an infant can play a pivotal role in the 'programming' of an adverse ...
Francescato Gaia - - 2012
The influence of critical illnesses on adverse outcomes in newborn infants seems to be mediated by nutritional intakes during the first week or few weeks of life. Changes in amounts and ratios of protein and energy, fat quality (medium chain triglycerides, and n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids), maintaining normoglycemia during ...
Roggero Paola - - 2012
The optimization of the nutritional management of preterm infants has gained importance due to the increased survival of these vulnerable infants. In fact, the achievement of an adequate growth has been associated with a favourable neurodevelopment outcome. Nevertheless, preterm infants still develop severe nutrient deficiencies during the first few weeks ...
Körner Robert W - - 2012
Premature infants constitute a risk group for thiamin deficiency but only little is known about their thiamin status. The aim of the present study was to investigate the thiamin status of premature infants by determination of thiamin diphosphate (TDP) and to identify risk factors for low TDP concentrations. In a ...
Dani Carlo - - 2012
We aimed to assess the current knowledge on the nutritional management of preterm infants at risk of developing bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or with BPD. We considered the evidence supporting the actual fluid and energy intake, proteins, lipids, and electrolytes requirement, and need for other nutrients in preterm infant at risk ...
Fanaro Silvia - - 2012
Postnatal growth restriction and failure to thrive is a major issue in preterm, especially extremely low-birth-weight infants. Optimization of enteral nutrition, without increasing the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), has thus become a priority for the neonatologist, who often has to face the challenge of interpreting the clinical and prognostic ...
Edwards Taryn M - - 2012
Vulnerable infants are at an increased risk for feeding intolerance due to immaturity or dysfunction (ie, congenital anomaly or obstruction) of the gastrointestinal system and/or hemodynamic instability. Symptoms of feeding intolerance include vomiting, water-loss stools, increased abdominal girth, and increased gastric residuals. It has been well documented that human milk ...
Marincola Flaminia Cesare - - 2012
Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate the metabolic profile of preterm human breast milk (HBM) by using a metabolomic approach. Methods: NMR spectroscopy and GC/MS were used to analyze the water-soluble and lipid fractions extracted from milk samples obtained from mothers giving birth at 26-36 weeks ...
Szajewska Hania - - 2012
In 2011, the Committee on Nutrition of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition systematically reviewed published evidence on the safety and health effects of the administration of formulae supplemented with probiotics and/or prebiotics compared with unsupplemented formulae. The document could serve as an example of problems relating ...
Sellitto Maria - - 2012
Very low birth weight and other critically ill neonates require prolonged vascular access, which is achieved in current practice with central venous catheters. The initiation of adequate parenteral nutrition and prolonged intravenous medications represent the most important applications. Central vascular access in neonates is associated with a high risk for ...
Juul Sandra - - 2012
Objective: To review causes of anemia in preterm infants and to suggest potential preventive measures. Methods: Data for this review is obtained from review of the literature. Results: An approach to investigating and treating causes of neonatal anemia is outlined. Conclusions: Clinical practices can significantly impact anemia in premature infants. ...
Patel Devika - - 2012
  A young infant with fever and oral ulcerations is presented herein. Extensive infectious, nutritional, immunodeficiency and autoimmune work up was performed. Pertinent maternal history suggested the potential diagnosis of neonatal Behçet's, and treatment for this condition resulted in rapid and sustained clinical improvement.
Shao Jie - - 2012
Iron deficiency (ID) is common in pregnant women and infants, particularly in developing countries. The relation between maternal and neonatal iron status remains unclear. This study considered the issue in a large sample of mother-newborn pairs in rural southeastern China. Hemoglobin (Hb) and serum ferritin (SF) were measured in 3702 ...
Erickson T - - 2012
Objective:Fortification of human milk for preterm infants is necessary and a common newborn intensive care practice. Currently, acidified human milk as part of a human milk fortifier is being fed to preterm infants. However, there are little data on the acidification effects on mother's milk. The aim of this study ...
Barreto Anna Christina do N G - - 2013
The study sought to determine the prevalence of postnatal growth restriction (PNGR) and the predictors of nutritional outcome in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Cross-sectional study conducted in a maternity school between July 2005 and August 2006. One-hundred and twelve VLBW infants were assessed during hospitalization, fed unfortified human ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >