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Results 201 - 250 of 1524
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Locks Lindsey M - - 2013
Global recommendations on strategies to improve infant feeding, care and nutrition are clear; however, there is limited literature that explains methods for tailoring these recommendations to the local context where programmes are implemented. This paper aims to: (1) highlight the individual, cultural and environmental factors revealed by formative research to ...
Tagare Amit - - 2013
Survival of preterm neonates in developing world has improved. Developing countries lag behind in nutritional management in NICU especially parenteral nutrition (PN). This randomized controlled trial was done to evaluate the effect of aggressive parenteral nutrition on nitrogen retention of sick VLBW and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) babies. From ...
Patwari Ashok K - - 2013
In India most childhood nutrition recommendations and interventions are still not focused on infants under 6 months. Secondary data analyses of National Family Health Survey-3 data from India were analysed to compare the prevalence of wasting, stunting and underweight in infants less than 6 months and 6-59 months. Our results ...
Mizumoto Hiroshi - - 2013
Late-onset hypoglycemia (day 12-16, blood glucose <50 mg/dL) was detected in three preterm infants (birthweight 998-1780 g; gestational age 27-30 weeks) by routine screening. All infants showed high serum insulin levels and extremely low ketone levels at the time of hypoglycemia. Continuous glucose monitoring was conducted at 31-34 weeks' postconceptual age when ...
Critch Jeffrey N - - 2013
Nutrition for healthy term infants is a joint statement by Health Canada, the Canadian Paediatric Society, Dietitians of Canada and the Breastfeeding Committee for Canada that was most recently updated in September 2012 with recommendations from birth to six months of age. This practice point outlines the development process, principles ...
Grueger Barbara - - 2013
Exclusive breastfeeding provides optimal nutrition for infants until they are six months of age. After six months, infants require complementary foods to meet their nutritional needs. This is when weaning begins. Weaning is the gradual process of introducing complementary foods to an infant's diet while continuing to breastfeed. There is ...
Amarra Sofia - - 2013
The Infant and Early Childhood Nutrition Task Force, International Life Sciences Institute Southeast Asia (ILSI SEA) Region, organised the 1st and 2nd Expert Consultation and Planning Meeting on Infant and Early Childhood Nutrition in 2009 and 2011, respectively. The goal of the consultations was "to generate and promote relevant science-based ...
Borja Judith B - - 2013
The Philippines' Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey (CLHNS) is one of the longest running birth cohort studies in Southeast Asia. This paper illustrates the pathways through which maternal and infant nutrition influence later health outcomes using selected CLHNS findings. The CLHNS initially examined the determinants and consequences of low ...
Simmer Karen - - 2013
Parenteral nutrition (PN) has become an integral part of clinical management of very low birth weight premature neonates. Traditionally different components of PN are prescribed individually considering requirements of an individual neonate (IPN). More recently, standardised PN formulations (SPN) for preterm neonates have been assessed and may have advantages including ...
Djeddi Djamal - - 2013
It is currently recommended to start oral feeding in premature infants as soon as possible, often at an age where nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) is still required for ventilatory support. Our previous data showed that application of nCPAP up to 10 cmH2O in full-term lambs had no deleterious ...
Bar-Yoseph Fabiana - - 2013
Human milk provides the optimal balanced nutrition for the growing infant in the first months after birth. The human mammary gland has evolved with unusual pathways, resulting in a specific positioning of fatty acids at the outer sn-1 and sn-3, and center sn-2 of the triacylglyceride, which is different from ...
Elizur Arnon - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although cow's milk allergy (CMA) is one of the most common food allergies, mislabelling non-allergic infants as being allergic to cow's milk is more common. Despite this, characteristics of families and infants with mislabelled CMA are lacking. METHODS: Using a prospective population-based study, we identified infants with any possible ...
Mackenzie Catherine - - 2013
Background:The beneficial effects of breastfeeding for mothers and babies are well recognized. When maternal breast milk is not available in sufficient quantity, donor breast milk is recommended as an alternate source of nutrition, particularly in preterm and other high-risk infants. Australia lags behind the rest of the developed world in ...
von Berg Andrea - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The long-term effect of nutritional intervention with hydrolysate infant formulas on allergic manifestations in high-risk children is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the effect of hydrolysate infant formulas on allergic phenotypes in children with family history of allergies at school age. METHODS: We analyzed data from participants of ...
Sakalidis Vanessa S - - 2013
Background:Despite the differences in breastfeeding and bottle-feeding, our understanding of how suck-swallow-breathe (SSwB), oxygenation, and heart rate patterns change as the infant ages is based predominantly on bottle-feeding studies. Therefore, this study aimed to measure how SSwB, oxygenation, and heart rate patterns changed during the first 4 months of lactation ...
Cormack Barbara Elizabeth - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether purposely designed nutritional guidelines for extremely low birthweight (ELBW; birth weight <1000 g) babies result in protein intakes that meet international consensus recommendations, and whether this results in improved growth from birth to discharge. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study of nutritional intakes and growth in ELBW ...
Morgan Colin - - 2013
Early postnatal growth failure is well described in very preterm infants. It reflects the nutritional deficits in protein and energy intake that accumulate in the first few weeks after birth. This coincides with the period of maximum parenteral nutrition (PN) dependency, so that protein intake is largely determined by intravenous ...
Vercelli Marina - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to evaluate, by Join Point regression method, the yearly variations in demographic indices and mortality data in Italy from 1901 to 2008, as related to the caloric intake. The relationships between mortality and caloric intake were studied by time series. The results showed ...
De Leoz Maria Lorna A ML Department of Chemistry, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, - - 2013
Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs), though non-nutritive to the infant, shape the intestinal microbiota and protect against pathogens during early growth and development. Infant formulas with added galacto-oligosaccharides have been developed to mimic the beneficial effects of HMOs. Premature infants have an immature immune system and a leaky gut and are ...
Thiele Doria K - - 2013
Maternal vitamin D insufficiency during lactation, related to lack of sun exposure and minimal intake of vitamin D from the diet, contributes to low breast milk vitamin D content and, therefore, infant vitamin D deficiency. The objective of this review was to examine the literature regarding evidence for achieving maternal ...
Garrido Daniel D Department of Food Science and Technology and Foods for Health Institute, University of California Davis, One Shields Ave, Davis, CA 95616, - - 2013
Human milk is a rich source of nutrients and energy, shaped by mammalian evolution to provide all the nutritive requirements of the newborn. In addition, several molecules in breast milk act as bioactive agents, playing an important role in infant protection and guiding a proper development. While major breast milk ...
Tudehope David - - 2013
We have used an expansive definition of a micropreterm infant as <30 weeks' gestation to provide a global perspective to a "high risk" group of preterm infants for which there are little published data to guide nutritional management. Consensus nutritional guidelines for preterm infants have been developed for infants >1000 ...
Lapillonne Alexandre - - 2013
Preterm birth continues to contribute disproportionately to neonatal morbidity and subsequent physical and neurodevelopmental disabilities. Epidemiologic studies have described additional long-term health consequences of preterm birth such as an increased risk of hypertension and insulin resistance in adult life. It is not known whether the influence of infant and childhood ...
Tudehope David - - 2013
We define the small for gestational age (SGA) infant as an infant born ≥35 weeks' gestation and <10th percentile on the Fenton Growth Chart. Policy statements from many organizations recommend mother's own milk for SGA infants because it meets most of their nutritional requirements and provides short- and long-term benefits. ...
Hendaus M - - 2013
Cholestasis is a condition in which there is a decrease in or complete cessation of bile flow. Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN) Cholestasis cases have been on the rise due to the decrease ratio of mortality among premature babies. Using Pubmed, articles were searched using terms in combination: Molecular basis of ...
Lapillonne Alexandre - - 2013
Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) are of nutritional interest because they are crucial for normal development of the central nervous system and have potential long-lasting effects that extend beyond the period of dietary insufficiency. Here we review the recent literature and current recommendations regarding LCPUFAs as they pertain to preterm ...
Bhatia Jatinder - - 2013
Requirements for optimal nutrition, especially for micronutrients, are not well defined for premature infants. The "reference fetus," developed by Ziegler et al, has served as a model to define nutritional needs and studies designed to determine nutrient requirements. Revision of nutrient requirements and provision of optimal nutrition may lead to improved ...
Neu Josef - - 2013
Designing an optimal feeding program for preterm infants is particularly challenging. These infants require individualized feeding plans and frequent medical interventions, and their health status and physical limitations necessitate specialized products. This review highlights the challenges of translating new understandings into practical application and, specifically, the challenges of translating scientific ...
Tudehope David I - - 2013
Key principles underpinning feeding guidelines for preterm infants include support for developmental care, breastfeeding, milk expression, and creating feeding plans. Early trophic feeding with colostrum and transitional milk improves immune protection and promotes gut maturation. Studies of preterm infants demonstrate that feeding mother's milk (MM) decreases the incidence of infection ...
Nonyane Bareng A S - - 2013
Neonatal mortality (NM) tends to be clustered within a small subset of mothers, households and/or geographical areas. Knowledge of the maternal and newborn factors associated with NM can help identify high-risk mothers and guide the targeting of intervention programmes. Data from pregnancy history surveys conducted as part of the Project ...
Lapillonne Alexandre - - 2013
Early nutritional support of preterm infants is critical to life-long health and well being. Numerous studies have demonstrated that preterm infants are at increased risk of mortality and morbidity, including disturbances in brain development. To date, much attention has focused on enhancing the nutritional support of very low and extremely ...
Bhatia Jatinder - - 2013
Growth assessment is the most common measure of nutritional adequacy in pediatrics, especially when evaluating nutrition of preterm neonates. The American Academy of Pediatrics defines postnatal nutrient intake to promote growth as one that "approximates the rate of growth…for a normal fetus of the same post-menstrual age." It is known ...
- - 2013
In mid-December 2012, three extremely premature infants with cholestasis in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) developed dermatitis in the diaper region, perioral erosions, and bullae on the dorsal surfaces of their hands and feet (Figure). The infants were similar in gestational age (23-24 weeks) and corrected postnatal age (33-38 ...
Odom Erika C - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To describe the prevalence and factors associated with not meeting desired breastfeeding duration.METHODS:Data were analyzed from 1177 mothers aged ≥18 years who responded to monthly surveys from pregnancy until their child was 1 year old. When breastfeeding stopped, mothers were asked whether they breastfed as long as they wanted (yes ...
Hård Anna-Lena - - 2013
Retinopathy of prematurity is a potentially blinding disease starting with impaired retinal vessel growth in the neonatal period. Weeks to months later, peripheral retinal hypoxia induces pathologic neovascularization that may lead to retinal detachment and blindness. Current treatment strategies target late stage disease and it would be advantageous if retinopathy ...
Duty Susan M SM Department of Nursing, Simmons College, School of Nursing and Health Sciences, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2013
To determine whether nutritional intake and medical devices are bisphenol A (BPA) exposure sources among premature infants in the NICU. Mothers and their premature infants cared for in the NICU for the past 3 days were recruited for this exposure assessment study. Forty-three mothers contributed 1 nutrition sample (breast milk ...
Fewtrell M S - - 2013
Few studies have investigated the effects of infant nutrition on later bone health in term infants, although low sn-2 palmitate in infant formulas has been shown to result in the formation of stool fatty acid soaps, reduced Ca absorption and lower bone mass in the short term. To investigate the ...
Christmann V - - 2013
AIM: To evaluate whether increasing the amount of amino acids and energy in parenteral nutrition combined with rapid increment of enteral feeding improves postnatal growth in preterm infants. METHODS: Observational study; two consecutive year-cohorts of preterm infants; Cohort 2 received higher supplementation of parenteral amino acids and energy with more ...
Valentine Christina J - - 2013
Milk is successfully produced by mothers regardless of their nutritional status. Nevertheless, the concentrations of some nutrients, specifically vitamins A, D, B1, B2, B3, B6, and B12, fatty acids, and iodine, in human milk depend on or are influenced by maternal diet. A healthy and varied diet during lactation ensures ...
Ertem Gül - - 2013
To determine mothers' knowledge about infant nutrition and traditional influence on feeding practices which may affect the nutritional status of infants and young children. The qualitive research was carried out from May to June 2009 at a community health centre in Western Turkey, and comprised 20 mothers. Observation and semi-structured ...
Ballard Olivia O Division of Immunobiology, Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Human Milk and Lactation, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA. - - 2013
This article provides an overview of the composition of human milk, its variation, and its clinical relevance. The composition of human milk is the biological norm for infant nutrition. Human milk also contains many hundreds to thousands of distinct bioactive molecules that protect against infection and inflammation and contribute to ...
Medoff-Cooper Barbara - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Growth failure secondary to feeding problems after complex neonatal cardiac surgery is well documented, but not well understood. The purpose of this review is to describe feeding and growth pattern in children with congenital heart defects. RECENT FINDINGS: Nearly half of the infants with univentricular heart defects ...
Lutz Tracey - - 2013
AIMS: To identify the proportion of preterm infants needing neonatal intensive care (NIC) between 29 and 34 weeks gestation. To identify any associated risk factors. METHODS: This population-based study identified all babies, born without congenital abnormalities, between 29 and 34 weeks gestation inclusive. A 21-month period ending September 2009 was ...
Deb Roumi - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of sociodemographic and nutritional factors in the incidence of births affected by neural tube defects (NTD) in the North Indian population. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Government hospitals of Delhi, India. SUBJECTS: Subjects comprised 284 mothers of NTD children (cases) and 568 mothers of healthy children ...
Rühl R - - 2013
Carotenoids are important derivatives of the human diet and occur in high concentrations in the human organism. Various carotenoids are also present in human breast milk and are transferred to breast-fed children. The alternative to breastfeeding is supplementation with an infant milk formula, but these formulas contain only a limited ...
Olusanya Bolajoko O - - 2013
To determine the pattern of and factors associated with changes in nutritional status in early infancy in a resource-poor setting. A cohort study in Lagos, Nigeria, in which the nutritional status at birth was compared with status at the first postnatal check-up routinely scheduled for 6-8 weeks based on the ...
Vasu V V Section of Neonatal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, Chelsea and Westminster Campus, London, UK. - - 2013
We have previously shown that by term age, preterm infants have elevated intrahepatocellular lipid (IHCL) content and altered regional adiposity, both of which are risk factors for cardiometabolic illness in adult life. Preterm nutritional intake is a plausible determinant of these aberrant trajectories of development. We aimed to establish if ...
Fong Bertram Yin - - 2013
Phospholipids have been used widely in the food industry as emulsifiers but it is their biological and nutritional function that has been the focus over recent years. The recognition of the importance of phospholipids and sphingomyelin for infant development has led to an increase in the number of infant formulas ...
Chang Fang-Yuan - - 2013
The benefits of feeding human milk to infants, even in prematurity, have been well documented. Well-organized donor milk processing has made the milk bank a good source of nutrition for premature or sick infants if their own mother's milk is not sufficient or suitable. The Taipei City Hospital Milk Bank ...
Corpeleijn Willemijn E - - 2013
The cause of growth restriction in preterm infants is multifactorial, but it has been estimated that about 50% of the variance in early postnatal growth can be attributed to nutrition. Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants who were born small-for-gestational age (SGA) seem to have the highest risk to become ...
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