Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 1524
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Hajeebhoy Nemat - - 2013
A comprehensive set of infant and young child feeding (IYCF) indicators for international use was published in 2008. We describe the process followed to incorporate these indicators into Vietnam's National Nutrition Surveillance System (NNSS). Following its establishment in 1980, the National Institute of Nutrition introduced the Vietnam NNSS to provide ...
McMahon Adrienne - - 2013
This HPLC method, with both variable UV and fluorescence detection, allows for the simultaneous determination of vitamin A palmitate, vitamin A acetate, and total vitamin E in infant, pediatric, and adult nutritional formulas. The concentration of each vitamin form is calculated by comparison with standards of known concentration. Following hydrolysis, ...
Kim Jae H - - 2013
The use of human milk for preterm infants has increased over the past decade reflecting an improved awareness of the benefits of human milk. Inherent in this paradigm shift is the recognition that human milk is a living tissue; full of immune cells, probiotics and hundreds of compounds that confer ...
Nandivada Prathima - - 2013
Parenteral nutrition (PN) is necessary for infants unable to receive adequate calories enterally due to prematurity, decreased bowel length, or functional intestinal disorders. While PN can be life saving, its use is associated with significant risks of sepsis from catheter-associated infections and progressive liver dysfunction from prolonged use. The preterm ...
Viswanathan Sreekanth - - 2013
Metabolic bone disease (MBD) is an important prematurity-related morbidity, but remains inadequately investigated in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants, the group most at risk. The objective was to describe the incidence and associated risk factors of MBD in ELBW infants. Retrospective analysis of all ELBW infants admitted between January ...
Cristofalo Elizabeth A EA Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, - - 2013
To compare the duration of parenteral nutrition, growth, and morbidity in extremely premature infants fed exclusive diets of either bovine milk-based preterm formula (BOV) or donor human milk and human milk-based human milk fortifier (HUM), in a randomized trial of formula vs human milk. Multicenter randomized controlled trial. The authors ...
Fanaro Silvia - - 2013
Feeding intolerance (FI), defined as the inability to digest enteral feedings associated to increased gastric residuals, abdominal distension and/or emesis, is frequently encountered in the very preterm infant and often leads to a disruption of the feeding plan. In most cases FI represents a benign condition related to the immaturity ...
Wyatt Amanda J - - 2013
Agricultural strategies such as dairy intensification have potential to improve human nutrition through increased household food security. Increasing dairy productivity could also adversely affect infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices because of increased maternal stress, demands on maternal time, and beliefs about the timing and appropriate types of complementary ...
Bertino Enrico - - 2013
Mother's own milk is widely recognized as the optimal feeding for term infants, but also provides health benefits that are of vital importance for sick and preterm infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), even though the growth and neurodevelopmental needs of very premature infants are best met by appropriate ...
Roy Claude C CC Services de gastroentérologie, hépatologie et nutrition, Département de pédiatrie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sainte-Justine, Université de Montréal, Montréal, - - 2013
The present case report describes the clinical problems encountered over a five-month period in an infant born with jejunal atresia, extensive midgut volvulus and a microcolon. After an initial surgical resection, the patient had no remaining ileum and his ileocecal valve was also removed. The patient had 35 cm of ...
Gnigler Maria - - 2013
Although 90% of babies <1500 g (very low-birth weight or VLBW) are appropriate for gestational age (AGA) at birth, almost all are small for gestational age at 36 weeks of gestation, mainly due to nutritional deficiency in the first weeks of life. A computer calculation program (CCP) to calculate parenteral nutrition ...
Ting Joseph Y - - 2013
Therapeutic hypothermia has been widely applied to improve the survival/neurodevelopmental outcomes among infants with moderate-to-severe hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Due to their critical condition and concerns over feeding tolerance, it is not uncommon to withhold enteral feeds and provide parenteral nutrition (PN) during hypothermia and early rewarming. Here we report ...
Jones Jesica A - - 2013
Dietary nitrate and nitrite are sources of gastric NO, which modulates blood flow, mucus production, and microbial flora. However, the intake and importance of these anions in infants is largely unknown. Nitrate and nitrite levels were measured in breast milk of mothers of preterm and term infants, infant formulas, and ...
Menon Gopi G Department of Neonatology, Simpson Centre for Reproductive Health, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, , Edinburgh, - - 2013
A mother's expressed breast milk (MEBM) is overall the best feed for her preterm baby during the neonatal period, and is associated with improved short-term and long-term outcomes. Neonatal services should commit the resources needed to optimise its use. The place of banked donor expressed breast milk (DEBM) is less ...
Smilowitz Jennifer T JT Department of Food Science and Technology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616; email: - - 2013
In addition to providing complete postnatal nutrition, breast milk is a complex biofluid that delivers bioactive components for the growth and development of the intestinal and immune systems. Lactation is a unique opportunity to understand the role of diet in shaping the intestinal environment including the infant microbiome. Of considerable ...
Wasser Heather M - - 2013
This study examined non-maternal involvement in feeding during the first 2years of life and its association with breastfeeding duration, early introduction of complementary foods, and dietary intakes of selected foods and beverages. Data were from the Infant Care, Feeding and Risk of Obesity Study, a cohort of 217 low-income, African-American ...
Stam José J Department of Pediatrics, Beatrix Children's Hospital, UMC Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands. - - 2013
Human milk is recommended as the optimal nutrient source for infants and is associated with several short- and long-term benefits for child health. When accepting that human milk is the optimal nutrition for healthy term infants, it should be possible to calculate the nutritional needs of these infants from the ...
Pacquette Lawrence H - - 2013
After an assessment of data generated from a single-laboratory validation study published in the Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL 95, 169-176 (2012), a method for determining the total level of iodine in infant formula and nutritional products was presented for consideration for adoption by AOAC during the AOAC Annual Meeting held ...
Khalessi Ali - - 2013
Research has shown that both breastfeeding and delaying the introduction of solids or liquids other than breast milk protect against obesity later in early childhood. To compare whether breastfeeding mothers adhere to more of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) feeding recommendations for infants. This longitudinal study compared the breastfeeding ...
Ergenekon Ebru - - 2013
The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the need for additional enteral protein supplementation in preterm newborns with gestational age (GA) ≤32 weeks after full enteral feeds with either fortified breast milk (FBM) or preterm formula (PF) were reached, and to determine the effects of additional protein on ...
Newburg D S DS Program in Glycobiology, Department of Biology, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, USA. - - 2013
Glycans are characteristic components of milk, and each species has unique patterns of specific carbohydrates. Human milk is unusually rich in glycans, with the major components being lactose and oligosaccharides, representing approximately 6.8 and 1% of the milk, respectively. Other sources of glycans in human milk include monosaccharides, mucins, glycosaminoglycans, ...
Chapagain R H RH Department of Pediatrics, Mahakali Zonal Hospital, Mahendranagar, - - 2013
Introduction: Lack of knowledge and proper feeding practices contribute to higher childhood morbidity and mortality. The aim of the study wasto evaluate the mother's knowledge and practices in terms of quantity, quality and timing of complementary feeding in infant and young child. Methods: A hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted ...
Holston Alexander - - 2013
Background:Waist circumference-length ratio (WLR) and ponderal index (PI) appear to be useful markers of visceral and total adiposity, respectively. However, there are no normative birth data across the full range of gestational ages.Methods:This was a retrospective cohort study of 500 preterm and 1426 full term infant born in 1998 and ...
Sencan Irfan I Department of Family Medicine, Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2013
Breastfeeding provides perfect nutrition for infants and is a source of many health benefits for both mother and baby. To obtain the maximum beneficial effects of breast milk, it is necessary to prolong the breastfeeding duration. In this study, we investigated the factors influencing the duration of breastfeeding. We conducted ...
Lafeber Harrie N - - 2013
Recent nutritional research in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants is focused on the prevention of protein malnutrition during the first postnatal weeks. At this early age, nutritional protein fortification depends on amino acid infusion via a central vein because of the immature gastrointestinal tract. In 2010 new guidelines on nutrition were proposed ...
Greibe Eva - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Measurement of milk cobalamin is hampered by the high content of the cobalamin-binding protein haptocorrin, and limited data are available relating trustworthy measures of milk cobalamin to cobalamin status in healthy mothers and their children. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to explore the concentration of cobalamin and haptocorrin in foremilk ...
Cole Conrad R - - 2013
Appropriate nutrition recommendations are important for the successful management of the infant with an injured gastrointestinal tract postsurgery who is at risk for intestinal failure. Management strategies that can be used to augment successful adaptation and prevent liver disease are summarized in this review. These include appropriate postoperative fluid and ...
Huston Robert K - - 2013
Background: Computerized software programs reduce errors and increase consistency when ordering parenteral nutrition (PN). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of our computerized neonatal PN calculator ordering program in reducing errors and optimizing nutrient intake. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study of infants requiring ...
Zachariassen Gitte - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine the content of macronutrients in human milk (HM) from mothers who gave birth very prematurely, and to investigate possible associations between macronutrients and certain maternal and infant characteristics. Mothers of very preterm infants with a gestational age (GA) below 32 weeks expressed ...
Lee P S - - 2013
Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) notably docosahexaenoeic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (ARA) are important for the optimum growth and development of the infant. DHA and ARA levels in breast-milk are thought to be influenced both by direct nutritional intake, and by the genetic variation of the FA desaturase enzymes. ...
Lim Mi Sun - - 2013
Preterm infants on parenteral nutrition are at a relatively high risk for hypertriglyceridemia because they have immature lipoprotein lipase activity. The purpose of this study was to analyze the clinical factors affecting lipid metabolism in preterm infants receiving parenteral nutrition and to evaluate the influence of intravenous heparin on serum ...
Kalantar-Zadeh Kamyar K Harold Simmons Center for Kidney Disease Research & Epidemiology, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, School of Medicine, University of California Irvine, 101 The City Drive South, City Tower, Orange, CA, 92868-3217, USA, - - 2013
Weight loss is the hallmark of any progressive acute or chronic disease state. In its extreme form of significant lean body mass (including skeletal muscle) and fat loss, it is referred to as cachexia. It has been known for millennia that muscle and fat wasting leads to poor outcomes including ...
White-Traut Rosemary R Department of Women, Children and Family Health Science, College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. - - 2013
The purpose of this article was to present the case of a premature infant who displayed immature feeding progression because of nasal occlusion. Two male preterm infants of 33 weeks' gestational age at birth from a larger randomized trial were observed in a comparative case study. Using a prospective design, ...
Nyqvist Kerstin H - - 2013
In the World Health Organization/United Nations Children's Fund document Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative: Revised, Updated and Expanded for Integrated Care, neonatal care is mentioned as 1 area that would benefit from expansion of the original Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. The different situations faced by preterm and sick infants and their ...
Christmann V - - 2013
We appreciate the commentary made by C. Maas and coworkers and fully agree that a comparison of recent cohort studies demonstrates that the first week nutritional intake is a major determinant for further postnatal development (1-3). Nevertheless we remain at our conclusion that enteral formulas and supplements may not provide ...
O'Connor Deborah L - - 2013
Provision of mother's own milk is the optimal way to nourish infants, including the preterm infant. The importance of mother's own milk during initial hospitalization to improve feeding tolerance, reduce serious infection and necrotizing enterocolitis is well appreciated. As a result, there has been a culture shift in neonatology such ...
Maas C - - 2013
We compliment Christman and coworkers on their interesting work on early postnatal growth of preterm infants under different nutritional strategies. The authors concluded that "aggressive" enteral nutrition is well tolerated by very preterm infants but is not sufficient for adequate postnatal growth (1). In contrast to Christman et al., we demonstrated ...
Kulkarni Sakil - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Breast milk has been shown to be associated with greater success with regards to weaning children with intestinal failure off of parenteral nutrition [PN]. There are only a few studies investigating the role of breast milk in decreasing PNALD. METHODS:: We conducted a retrospective analysis of newborns requiring prolonged ...
Jessri Mahsa - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Despite growing evidence that supports the importance of 6-month exclusive breastfeeding, few Canadian mothers adhere to this, and early weaning onto solids is a common practice. This study assessed infant feeding transitions during the first 6 months postpartum and factors that predicted exclusive breastfeeding to 3 and 6 months. ...
Miller Malki - - 2013
Background: Nutrition practices for preterm infants include phases of parenteral nutrition (PN), full enteral nutrition (EN), and the transitional phase in between. Our aim was to identify the nutrition phases during which infants are most likely to exhibit poor growth that would affect risk for growth failure (GF) at discharge ...
Meshram Indrapal Ishwarji - - 2013
A community based cross-sectional study was undertaken in rural Madhya Pradesh (MP). The nutritional status of infants was assessed using WHO Child Growth Standards. Only 26% of infants received breast-feeding within 1 hour of birth. About 57% of children 6 to 11 months old received complementary feeding (CF). The prevalence ...
Hwang Yea-Shwu - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Progress to full oral feeding from a tube or parental feeding is a complex process for very preterm infants born before 32 weeks of gestation. The influence of infant characteristics and medical complications on feeding progression has not been studied thoroughly. The aim of this study was to constitute ...
Leaf A - - 2013
Establishing enteral feeding in high-risk, very preterm infants is difficult: they are born at a time of rapid growth and development, yet immaturity of gut and metabolic function makes it difficult to accumulate adequate nutrients. Parenteral nutrition will provide the bulk of nutrients in the first few weeks while the ...
Myers Donna - - 2013
The evidence for the use of human milk as the gold standard in infant nutrition is well documented. The American Academy of Pediatrics,1 the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the U.S. Surgeon General,2 the United Nations Children's Fund,3 the World Health Organization,4 and many other organizations all promote ...
Miller Malki - - 2013
Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is an increasingly common condition encountered across neonatal intensive care units. Improvements in parenteral nutrition (PN), neonatal intensive care and surgical techniques, in addition to an improved understanding of SBS pathophysiology, have contributed in equal parts to the survival of this fragile subset of infants. Prevention ...
Sharma Sangita - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To characterize food and nutrient intake and develop a population-specific food list to be used as a comprehensive dietary assessment tool for Baltimore infants and toddlers aged 0--24 months. The data were used to inform the Growing Leaps and Bounds (GLB) program, which promotes early obesity prevention among Baltimore ...
Naviglio Samuele - - 2013
Breastfeeding has always been a matter of considerable interest in medicine, and a great number of studies have been done to evaluate its effects. Yet not all of them seem to be equally relevant. Solid scientific evidence has incontrovertibly demonstrated the superiority of breastfeeding for infant nutrition over every other ...
Lioret Sandrine - - 2013
Infants of mothers of low educational background display consistently poorer outcomes, including suboptimal weaning diets. Less is known about the different causal pathways that relate maternal education to infants' diet. The present study aimed to test the hypothesis that the relationship between maternal education and infants' diet is mediated by ...
Bauserman Melissa - - 2013
Micronutrient deficiency is an important cause of growth stunting. To avoid micronutrient deficiency, the World Health Organization recommends complementary feeding with animal-source foods. However, animal-source foods are not readily available in many parts of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). In such areas, caterpillars are a staple in adult diets ...
Locks Lindsey M - - 2013
Global recommendations on strategies to improve infant feeding, care and nutrition are clear; however, there is limited literature that explains methods for tailoring these recommendations to the local context where programmes are implemented. This paper aims to: (1) highlight the individual, cultural and environmental factors revealed by formative research to ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >