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Hajeebhoy Nemat N Family Health International (FHI 360), Hanoi, - - 2014
Despite evidence supporting the importance of breastfeeding to child health, breastfeeding practices remain suboptimal in Vietnam. There is currently little evidence on the importance of breastfeeding in the prevention of morbidity during infancy in Vietnam. In order to provide country specific data for policy makers to support breastfeeding friendly policies ...
Liu Jie J University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA. - - 2014
To our knowledge, there was no record of Vibrio cholerae in Haiti until the 2010 post earthquake outbreak. This study describes the analysis of 301 stool samples from 117 infants in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, who participated in a pediatric nutrition study between July 2008 and October 2009. Nine samples were identified ...
Widen Elizabeth M EM Institute of Human Nutrition and Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, New York, - - 2014
Infant iron status at birth is influenced by maternal iron status during pregnancy; however, there are limited data on the extent to which maternal iron status is associated with infant iron status during exclusive breastfeeding. We evaluated how maternal and infant hemoglobin and iron status [soluble transferrin receptors (TfR) and ...
Morgan Colin C Liverpool Women's Hospital, Liverpool, United - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Early postnatal head growth failure is well recognized in very preterm infants (VPIs). This coincides with the characteristic nutritional deficits that occur in these parenteral nutrition (PN) dependent infants in the first month of life. Head circumference (HC) is correlated with brain volume and later neurodevelopmental outcome. We hypothesized that ...
Martin François-Pierre J FP Nestlé Institute of Health Sciences SA, Lausanne, - - 2013
Background:The combination of maternal obesity in early pregnancy and high protein intake in infant formula feeding might predispose to obesity risk in later life.Methods:This study assesses the impact of breast- or formula-feeding (differing in protein content, 1.65 or 2.7 g/100 kcal) on the metabolism of term infants from overweight and obese ...
Kimani-Murage Elizabeth W - - 2013
Nutrition in the first 1,000 days of life (during pregnancy and the first two years) is critical for child growth and survival. Poor maternal, infant and young child nutrition (MIYCN) practices are widely documented in Kenya, with potential detrimental effects on child growth and survival. This is particularly a problem ...
Patel Chirag J CJ Center for Biomedical Informatics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2013
Identification of maternal environmental factors influencing preterm birth risks is important to understand the reasons for the increase in prematurity since 1990. Here, we utilized a health survey, the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to search for personal environmental factors associated with preterm birth. 201 urine and ...
Polidori Paolo - - 2013
Human breast milk is the best nutritional support to insure the right development and influence immune status of the newborn infant. However, when it is not possible to breast feeding may be necessary to use commercial infant formulas that mimic, where possible, the levels and types of nutrients present in ...
Moore Sophie E SE MRC International Nutrition Group, Department of Population Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK, Department of Clinical Trials and Clinical Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan, International Maternal and Child Health, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden and International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), Dhaka, - - 2013
Data from West Africa indicate that a small thymus at birth and at 6 months of age is a strong and independent risk factor for infection-related mortality up to 24 and 36 months of age, respectively. We investigated the association between thymus size (thymic index, TI) in infancy and subsequent ...
Wood Claire L - - 2013
Preterm infants represent up to 10% of births worldwide and have an increased risk of adverse metabolic outcomes in later life. Early life exposures are key factors in determining later health but current lifestyle factors such as diet and physical activity are also extremely important and provide an opportunity for ...
Barlow S M - - 2013
Objective:For the premature infant, extrauterine life is a pathological condition, which greatly amplifies the challenges to the brain in establishing functional oromotor behaviors. The extent to which suck can be entrained using a synthetically patterned orocutaneous input to promote its development in preterm infants who manifest chronic lung disease (CLD) ...
Beken Serdar - - 2013
To compare the effect of two lipid emulsions on the development of retinopathy of prematurity in very low birth weight infants. Randomized controlled study. Eighty very low birth weight infants receiving parenteral nutrition from the first day of life were evaluated. One of the two lipid emulsions were used in ...
Working Group Of Pediatrics Chinese Society Of Parenteral And Enteral - - 2013
In the last few decades, there has been a significant increase in survival rate of preterm infants, especially very low birth weight infants. The nutrition problems have become particularly relevant in neonates, and nutrition support is usually required for preterm infants and most sick term infants. The actual amount of ...
Hay William W WW Jr Department of Pediatrics, Perinatal Research Center, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Anschutz Medical Campus F441, 13243 East 23rd Avenue, Aurora, CO 80045, - - 2013
Nutrition of preterm infants should result in growth similar to that of normally growing fetuses of the same gestational age. Unfortunately, most preterm infants are not fed enough to achieve this objective; as a result they are growth restricted by term gestation. Recent studies have demonstrated that early and enhanced ...
Cinar Nursan Dede ND Sakarya University School of Health Sciences, Sakarya, Turkey. - - 2013
The purpose of this qualitative research was to explore the needs and difficulties of mothers who had multiple babies at Sakarya County by focusing on their breastfeeding experience. Ten mothers who gave birth to multiple infants participated in the study voluntarily. The framework method of data analysis was applied systematically ...
Young Bridget E BE Section of Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, University of, Colorado Denver School of Medicine, 12700 E 19th Ave,, Box C-225, Aurora, CO 80045, USA, - - 2013
This review focuses on complementary feeding (CF) in westernized settings where primary health concerns are risk of obesity and micronutrient inadequacy. The current evidence is reviewed for: (1) when CF should be introduced, (2) what foods (nutrients and food types) should be prioritized and avoided, and (3) how the infant ...
Kumar Neeraj N Department of Pediatrics, Fernandez Hospital, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh Correspondence to: Dr Srinivas Murki, Consultant Neonatologist, Fernandez Hospital, Hyderabad 500 001, Andhra Pradesh. - - 2013
Umbilical venous lines are sometimes complicated with pleural and or pericardial effusion, often due to line migration. Bilateral chylous pleural effusion without pericardial effusion in a 28 weeks, extremely low birth infant who was on total parenteral nutrition. Investigations including chest x ray and 2D echocardiogram showed bilateral chylous pleural ...
Zachariassen G - - 2013
To describe eating habits and possible feeding intolerance among preterm infants based on type of nutrition. The parents of infants born below 32 weeks filled in questionnaires, before and after discharge, about type of nutrition, number of meals, regurgitation, number of stools and laxative use. A total of 769 questionnaires ...
Singh Dharmendra K - - 2013
The authors studied the outcome of 108 infants <  6 mo with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) admitted in the Nutritional Rehabilitation Centres (NRC) at a teaching hospital. The most common symptom that the children presented with, was acute diarrhoea (35.2 %) followed by failure to gain weight (26.9 %). Seventy five (69.4 %) infants were ...
Miller Elizabeth M - - 2013
The high proportion of human infant fat is hypothesized to protect infant brains by mobilizing against growth disturbances caused by acute nutritional and pathogen stress during weaning. However, individuals who experience chronic nutritional stress have been shown to store fat rather than mobilize fat stores, although this has not been ...
Kung Yin-Hsiang - - 2013
Infants in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) have a higher incidence of bloodstream infections (BSIs) than any other pediatric or adult population. The predisposing factors have not been comprehensively evaluated in this population in Taiwan. A retrospective matched case-control study was conducted in the NICUs of a teaching hospital ...
Harvey Bryan M - - 2013
Background:To evaluate the effects of an amino acidbased formula (AAF) with synbiotics on growth and tolerance in healthy infants. The hypoallergenicity of this AAF with synbiotics was evaluated in subjects with cow's milk allergy (CMA).Methods:Study 1: 115 fullterm, healthy infants randomly received an AAF with synbiotics a commercially available AAF ...
Chao Hai-Hsuan - - 2013
Human milk is considered to be the best nutrition for all infants because it provides the optimal source of nutritional, immunological, developmental, psychological, economic, practical, and environmental benefits in both the short and long terms. To the best of our knowledge, few studies in Taiwan have examined the toxicants level ...
Fernandez-Rao Sylvia S Department of Behavioural Sciences, National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, - - 2014
This article describes the development, design, and implementation of an integrated randomized double-masked placebo-controlled trial (Project Grow Smart) that examines how home/preschool fortification with multiple micronutrient powder (MNP) combined with an early child-development intervention affects child development, growth, and micronutrient status among infants and preschoolers in rural India. The 1-year ...
Westin Vera - - 2013
To evaluate perioperative nutrition in extremely preterm infants undergoing surgery for patent ductus arteriousus (PDA). Population-based study of extremely preterm infants born in Sweden during 2004-2007 and operated on for PDA. Data on perioperative nutrition was obtained from hospital records. All enteral and parenteral nutrients and blood products were used ...
Cameron Adrian J - - 2013
To assess the effectiveness of the Melbourne Infant Feeding, Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT) Program according to maternal education and age. A cluster-randomised controlled trial involving 542 mother/infant pairs from 62 existing first-time parent groups was conducted in 2008 in Melbourne, Australia. The intervention involved 6×2-hour dietitian-delivered sessions, DVD and ...
Fischer Tara P - - 2013
Background:The presence of barriers is not sufficient to explain breastfeeding rate disparities. A relatively unexplored area in coping with breastfeeding barriers is culture.Objective:This research aims to better understand the role of culture in a woman's infant feeding decision by using race and socioeconomic status as indicators of culture.Methods:Focus groups and ...
Nakamura Michio - - 2014
If a social-living animal has a long life span, permitting different generations to co-exist within a social group, as is the case in many primate species, it can be beneficial for a parent to continue to support its weaned offspring to increase the latter's survival and/or reproductive success. Chimpanzees have ...
Stojković Andjelka A Pediatric Hospital, Clinical Centre "Kragujevac", Kragujevac, - - 2013
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a multisystemic autosomal recessive disease most frequently recognized by characteristic respiratory and/or digestive manifestations. Exceptionally rare, as is the case with the infant we are presenting, the initial sign of the disease can be nutritional deficiency dermatitis (NDD). A three-month-old male infant of young and healthy ...
Oates Kassandra - - 2013
Single-laboratory validation (SLV) data from a method for the determination of choline in infant formula and adult nutritionals by ion chromatography (IC) and suppressed conductivity were generated and presented to the Stakeholder Panel on Infant Formula and Adult Nutritionals (SPIFAN) Expert Review Panel (ERP) at the AOAC Annual Meeting held ...
Meier Paula P PP Departments of Pediatrics and Nursing, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL; - - 2013
This symposium examined the impact of human milk (HM) from the infant's own mother on health, nutrition, and cost outcomes in very low birthweight (VLBW; <1500 g birthweight) infants. The 4 symposium speakers presented original research and summarized existing evidence about these primary outcomes. The conclusions from the symposium suggest ...
Prince Allison - - 2013
Premature infants are highly susceptible to extrauterine growth restriction. Without early and adequate nutrition support, nutrition deficits of energy and protein can quickly accrue. Growth failure has been implicated in poor neurodevelopmental outcomes and long-term morbidity, creating a major focus on neonatal nutrition alongside medical management. Optimal nutrition is paramount ...
Fouda Genevieve G GG Human Vaccine Institute, Department of Cell Biology, Institute for Genome Sciences and Policy, and Department of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC - - 2013
Achieving an AIDS-free generation will require elimination of postnatal transmission of HIV-1 while maintaining the nutritional and immunologic benefits of breastfeeding for infants in developing regions. Maternal/infant antiretroviral prophylaxis can reduce postnatal HIV-1 transmission, yet toxicities and the development of drug-resistant viral strains may limit the effectiveness of this strategy. ...
Scalone Francesco - - 2013
We examined the effects of nutritional stress on maternal mortality arising from short-term economic crises in eighteenth-century and nineteenth-century Germany, and how these effects might have been mitigated by socio-economic status. Historical data from six German villages were used to assess how socio-economic conditions and short-term economic crises following poor ...
Carlson Sarah J SJ Department of Surgery and the Vascular Biology Program, Boston Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Ave, Fegan 3, Boston, Massachusetts - - 2013
The neonatal intestine is a complex organ that regulates the absorption of nutrients essential for growth and development. Intestinal failure results from insufficient or functionally inadequate bowel and can lead to failure of neonatal growth and development. Current literature on neonatal intestinal physiology and failure was reviewed and summarized. A ...
van Goudoever Johannes B - - 2013
The goal of pediatricians involved in the nutritional management of preterm infants is to mimic intrauterine growth and to obtain a functional outcome comparable to that for infants born at term. Appropriate administration of nutrients in the first few days to weeks of life will reduce the growth restriction that ...
Lapillonne Alexandre - - 2013
Significant efforts have been made to improve the nutritional support of preterm infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) to avoid cumulative nutritional deficits, reduce postnatal growth restriction, and promote optimal long-term development. The objective of this systematic review was to compare the characteristics and results of all surveys published ...
Rigo Jacques - - 2013
Growth failure in neonatal intensive care units is a major challenge for pediatricians and neonatologists. The use of early "aggressive" parenteral nutrition (PN), with >2.5 g/(kg ⋅ d) of amino acids and at least 40 kcal/(kg ⋅ d) of energy from the first day of life, has been shown to ...
Chuchu Nancy - - 2013
Recent research published in this journal highlighted the issue of the high content of aluminium in infant formulas. The expectation was that the findings would serve as a catalyst for manufacturers to address a significant problem of these, often necessary, components of infant nutrition. It is critically important that parents ...
Finkelstein Julia L - - 2013
Effects of prenatal iron supplementation on maternal postpartum iron status and early infant iron homeostasis remain largely unknown. We examined iron absorption and growth in exclusively breastfed infants in relation to fetal iron exposure and iron status during early infancy. Longitudinal, paired iron-absorption ((58)Fe) studies were conducted in 59 exclusively ...
Praticò Giulia - - 2013
Breast milk is a complex fluid evolutionarily adapted to satisfy the nutritional requirements of growing infants. In addition, milk biochemical and immunological components protect newborns against infective agents in the new environment. Human milk oligosaccharides, the third most abundant component of breast milk, are believed to modulate the microbiota composition, ...
Arslanoglu Sertac - - 2013
The Committee on Nutrition of the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition aims to document the existing evidence of the benefits and common concerns deriving from the use of donor human milk (DHM) in preterm infants. The comment also outlines gaps in knowledge and gives recommendations for practice ...
Clarridge Katherine Elizabeth - - 2013
While iodine deficiency remains a relatively rare cause of thyroid dysfunction in the United States, little is known about iodine status and deficiency in children requiring parenteral nutrition (PN). This population may be at an elevated risk of thyroid dysregulation and neurodevelopmental sequelae due to low concentrations in typical PN ...
Su Bai-Horng - - 2013
Extrauterine growth restriction is common in very preterm infants. The incidence in very low birth weight infants ranges between 43% and 97% in various centers, with a wide variability due to the use of different reference growth charts and nonstandard nutritional strategies. Extrauterine growth restriction is associated with an increased ...
Giannì Maria Lorella - - 2013
Prevention of extra-uterine growth retardation is of extreme importance, as the achievement of adequate growth has been associated with a favorable neurodevelopmental outcome through childhood. In addition, as disturbances in growth that take place early in life may affect adult health, a full understanding of the growth trajectory of very-low-birth-weight ...
Solanki G S - - 2013
In this report, nighttime births of 3 stump-tailed macaques observed at the Aizawl Zoological Park, India, are described. Continuous focal observations were collected along with video and still photographs, on the 3 parturitions, from the first observed onset of labour. The average time taken for infant birth, beginning with visibility ...
Sigalet David - - 2013
This review will highlight recent advances in the care of infants with Intestinal Failure, focusing on the benefits of a multi-disciplinary team and the types of nutrition used. Recent best "practices" from the literature are described, including strategies for promoting intestinal adaptation, the use of lipid sparing Parenteral Nutrition (PN) ...
Við Streym S - - 2013
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:The objective of this study was to assess vitamin D status and possible consequences of low plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels in a population of healthy mothers and their infants.SUBJECTS/METHODS:A total of 107 women aged 24-41 years gave birth to 108 infants. They were followed up three times during 9 ...
Ngure Francis M FM Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York; Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns, Baltimore, Maryland; Zvitambo Project, Harare, Zimbabwe; Centre for Pediatrics, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom; The Hygiene Centre, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United - - 2013
We conducted direct observation of 23 caregiver-infant pairs for 130 hours and recorded wash-related behaviors to identify pathways of fecal-oral transmission of bacteria among infants. In addition to testing fingers, food, and drinking water of infants, three infants actively ingested 11.3 ± 9.2 (mean ± SD) handfuls of soil and ...
Alabsi Humam S - - 2013
Rectal bleeding in neonates is an alarming sign that suggests a possible serious underlying condition, such as infection or bleeding disorder that would necessitate hospitalization and prompt intervention. We report a case of eosinophilic gastroenteritis caused by cow's milk protein allergy in a one-day- old infant, who presented with frankly ...
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