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Stam José J Department of Pediatrics, Beatrix Children's Hospital, UMC Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands. - - 2013
Human milk is recommended as the optimal nutrient source for infants and is associated with several short- and long-term benefits for child health. When accepting that human milk is the optimal nutrition for healthy term infants, it should be possible to calculate the nutritional needs of these infants from the ...
Pacquette Lawrence H - - 2013
After an assessment of data generated from a single-laboratory validation study published in the Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL 95, 169-176 (2012), a method for determining the total level of iodine in infant formula and nutritional products was presented for consideration for adoption by AOAC during the AOAC Annual Meeting held ...
Newburg D S - - 2013
Glycans are characteristic components of milk, and each species has unique patterns of specific carbohydrates. Human milk is unusually rich in glycans, with the major components being lactose and oligosaccharides, representing approximately 6.8 and 1% of the milk, respectively. Other sources of glycans in human milk include monosaccharides, mucins, glycosaminoglycans, ...
Khalessi Ali - - 2013
Research has shown that both breastfeeding and delaying the introduction of solids or liquids other than breast milk protect against obesity later in early childhood. To compare whether breastfeeding mothers adhere to more of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) feeding recommendations for infants. This longitudinal study compared the breastfeeding ...
Tamilia Eleonora - - 2013
The Sucking Efficiency (SEF) is one of the main parameters used to monitor and assess the sucking pattern development in infants. Since Nutritive Sucking (NS) is one of the earliest motor activity performed by infants, its objective monitoring may allow to assess neurological and motor development of newborns.
Ergenekon Ebru - - 2013
The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the need for additional enteral protein supplementation in preterm newborns with gestational age (GA) ≤32 weeks after full enteral feeds with either fortified breast milk (FBM) or preterm formula (PF) were reached, and to determine the effects of additional protein on ...
Holston Alexander - - 2013
Background:Waist circumference-length ratio (WLR) and ponderal index (PI) appear to be useful markers of visceral and total adiposity, respectively. However, there are no normative birth data across the full range of gestational ages.Methods:This was a retrospective cohort study of 500 preterm and 1426 full term infant born in 1998 and ...
Sencan Irfan - - 2013
Breastfeeding provides perfect nutrition for infants and is a source of many health benefits for both mother and baby. To obtain the maximum beneficial effects of breast milk, it is necessary to prolong the breastfeeding duration. In this study, we investigated the factors influencing the duration of breastfeeding. We conducted ...
Lafeber Harrie N - - 2013
Recent nutritional research in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants is focused on the prevention of protein malnutrition during the first postnatal weeks. At this early age, nutritional protein fortification depends on amino acid infusion via a central vein because of the immature gastrointestinal tract. In 2010 new guidelines on nutrition were proposed ...
Greibe Eva - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Measurement of milk cobalamin is hampered by the high content of the cobalamin-binding protein haptocorrin, and limited data are available relating trustworthy measures of milk cobalamin to cobalamin status in healthy mothers and their children. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to explore the concentration of cobalamin and haptocorrin in foremilk ...
Cole Conrad R - - 2013
Appropriate nutrition recommendations are important for the successful management of the infant with an injured gastrointestinal tract postsurgery who is at risk for intestinal failure. Management strategies that can be used to augment successful adaptation and prevent liver disease are summarized in this review. These include appropriate postoperative fluid and ...
Huston Robert K - - 2013
Background: Computerized software programs reduce errors and increase consistency when ordering parenteral nutrition (PN). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of our computerized neonatal PN calculator ordering program in reducing errors and optimizing nutrient intake. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study of infants requiring ...
White-Traut Rosemary - - 2013
The purpose of this article was to present the case of a premature infant who displayed immature feeding progression because of nasal occlusion. Two male preterm infants of 33 weeks' gestational age at birth from a larger randomized trial were observed in a comparative case study. Using a prospective design, ...
Zachariassen Gitte - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine the content of macronutrients in human milk (HM) from mothers who gave birth very prematurely, and to investigate possible associations between macronutrients and certain maternal and infant characteristics. Mothers of very preterm infants with a gestational age (GA) below 32 weeks expressed ...
Lee P S - - 2013
Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) notably docosahexaenoeic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (ARA) are important for the optimum growth and development of the infant. DHA and ARA levels in breast-milk are thought to be influenced both by direct nutritional intake, and by the genetic variation of the FA desaturase enzymes. ...
Lim Mi Sun - - 2013
Preterm infants on parenteral nutrition are at a relatively high risk for hypertriglyceridemia because they have immature lipoprotein lipase activity. The purpose of this study was to analyze the clinical factors affecting lipid metabolism in preterm infants receiving parenteral nutrition and to evaluate the influence of intravenous heparin on serum ...
Kalantar-Zadeh Kamyar K Harold Simmons Center for Kidney Disease Research & Epidemiology, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, School of Medicine, University of California Irvine, 101 The City Drive South, City Tower, Orange, CA, 92868-3217, USA, - - 2013
Weight loss is the hallmark of any progressive acute or chronic disease state. In its extreme form of significant lean body mass (including skeletal muscle) and fat loss, it is referred to as cachexia. It has been known for millennia that muscle and fat wasting leads to poor outcomes including ...
Nyqvist Kerstin H - - 2013
In the World Health Organization/United Nations Children's Fund document Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative: Revised, Updated and Expanded for Integrated Care, neonatal care is mentioned as 1 area that would benefit from expansion of the original Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. The different situations faced by preterm and sick infants and their ...
Christmann V - - 2013
We appreciate the commentary made by C. Maas and coworkers and fully agree that a comparison of recent cohort studies demonstrates that the first week nutritional intake is a major determinant for further postnatal development (1-3). Nevertheless we remain at our conclusion that enteral formulas and supplements may not provide ...
O'Connor Deborah L - - 2013
Provision of mother's own milk is the optimal way to nourish infants, including the preterm infant. The importance of mother's own milk during initial hospitalization to improve feeding tolerance, reduce serious infection and necrotizing enterocolitis is well appreciated. As a result, there has been a culture shift in neonatology such ...
Maas C - - 2013
We compliment Christman and coworkers on their interesting work on early postnatal growth of preterm infants under different nutritional strategies. The authors concluded that "aggressive" enteral nutrition is well tolerated by very preterm infants but is not sufficient for adequate postnatal growth (1). In contrast to Christman et al., we demonstrated ...
Kulkarni Sakil - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Breast milk has been shown to be associated with greater success with regards to weaning children with intestinal failure off of parenteral nutrition [PN]. There are only a few studies investigating the role of breast milk in decreasing PNALD. METHODS:: We conducted a retrospective analysis of newborns requiring prolonged ...
Jessri Mahsa - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Despite growing evidence that supports the importance of 6-month exclusive breastfeeding, few Canadian mothers adhere to this, and early weaning onto solids is a common practice. This study assessed infant feeding transitions during the first 6 months postpartum and factors that predicted exclusive breastfeeding to 3 and 6 months. ...
Miller Malki - - 2013
Background: Nutrition practices for preterm infants include phases of parenteral nutrition (PN), full enteral nutrition (EN), and the transitional phase in between. Our aim was to identify the nutrition phases during which infants are most likely to exhibit poor growth that would affect risk for growth failure (GF) at discharge ...
Meshram Indrapal Ishwarji - - 2013
A community based cross-sectional study was undertaken in rural Madhya Pradesh (MP). The nutritional status of infants was assessed using WHO Child Growth Standards. Only 26% of infants received breast-feeding within 1 hour of birth. About 57% of children 6 to 11 months old received complementary feeding (CF). The prevalence ...
Hwang Yea-Shwu - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Progress to full oral feeding from a tube or parental feeding is a complex process for very preterm infants born before 32 weeks of gestation. The influence of infant characteristics and medical complications on feeding progression has not been studied thoroughly. The aim of this study was to constitute ...
Leaf A - - 2013
Establishing enteral feeding in high-risk, very preterm infants is difficult: they are born at a time of rapid growth and development, yet immaturity of gut and metabolic function makes it difficult to accumulate adequate nutrients. Parenteral nutrition will provide the bulk of nutrients in the first few weeks while the ...
Myers Donna - - 2013
The evidence for the use of human milk as the gold standard in infant nutrition is well documented. The American Academy of Pediatrics,1 the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the U.S. Surgeon General,2 the United Nations Children's Fund,3 the World Health Organization,4 and many other organizations all promote ...
Miller Malki - - 2013
Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is an increasingly common condition encountered across neonatal intensive care units. Improvements in parenteral nutrition (PN), neonatal intensive care and surgical techniques, in addition to an improved understanding of SBS pathophysiology, have contributed in equal parts to the survival of this fragile subset of infants. Prevention ...
Sharma Sangita - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To characterize food and nutrient intake and develop a population-specific food list to be used as a comprehensive dietary assessment tool for Baltimore infants and toddlers aged 0--24 months. The data were used to inform the Growing Leaps and Bounds (GLB) program, which promotes early obesity prevention among Baltimore ...
Naviglio Samuele - - 2013
Breastfeeding has always been a matter of considerable interest in medicine, and a great number of studies have been done to evaluate its effects. Yet not all of them seem to be equally relevant. Solid scientific evidence has incontrovertibly demonstrated the superiority of breastfeeding for infant nutrition over every other ...
Lioret Sandrine - - 2013
Infants of mothers of low educational background display consistently poorer outcomes, including suboptimal weaning diets. Less is known about the different causal pathways that relate maternal education to infants' diet. The present study aimed to test the hypothesis that the relationship between maternal education and infants' diet is mediated by ...
Bauserman Melissa - - 2013
Micronutrient deficiency is an important cause of growth stunting. To avoid micronutrient deficiency, the World Health Organization recommends complementary feeding with animal-source foods. However, animal-source foods are not readily available in many parts of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). In such areas, caterpillars are a staple in adult diets ...
Locks Lindsey M - - 2013
Global recommendations on strategies to improve infant feeding, care and nutrition are clear; however, there is limited literature that explains methods for tailoring these recommendations to the local context where programmes are implemented. This paper aims to: (1) highlight the individual, cultural and environmental factors revealed by formative research to ...
Tagare Amit - - 2013
Survival of preterm neonates in developing world has improved. Developing countries lag behind in nutritional management in NICU especially parenteral nutrition (PN). This randomized controlled trial was done to evaluate the effect of aggressive parenteral nutrition on nitrogen retention of sick VLBW and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) babies. From ...
Patwari Ashok K - - 2013
In India most childhood nutrition recommendations and interventions are still not focused on infants under 6 months. Secondary data analyses of National Family Health Survey-3 data from India were analysed to compare the prevalence of wasting, stunting and underweight in infants less than 6 months and 6-59 months. Our results ...
Mizumoto Hiroshi - - 2013
Late-onset hypoglycemia (day 12-16, blood glucose <50 mg/dL) was detected in three preterm infants (birthweight 998-1780 g; gestational age 27-30 weeks) by routine screening. All infants showed high serum insulin levels and extremely low ketone levels at the time of hypoglycemia. Continuous glucose monitoring was conducted at 31-34 weeks' postconceptual age when ...
Critch Jeffrey N - - 2013
Nutrition for healthy term infants is a joint statement by Health Canada, the Canadian Paediatric Society, Dietitians of Canada and the Breastfeeding Committee for Canada that was most recently updated in September 2012 with recommendations from birth to six months of age. This practice point outlines the development process, principles ...
Grueger Barbara - - 2013
Exclusive breastfeeding provides optimal nutrition for infants until they are six months of age. After six months, infants require complementary foods to meet their nutritional needs. This is when weaning begins. Weaning is the gradual process of introducing complementary foods to an infant's diet while continuing to breastfeed. There is ...
Simmer Karen - - 2013
Parenteral nutrition (PN) has become an integral part of clinical management of very low birth weight premature neonates. Traditionally different components of PN are prescribed individually considering requirements of an individual neonate (IPN). More recently, standardised PN formulations (SPN) for preterm neonates have been assessed and may have advantages including ...
Djeddi Djamal - - 2013
It is currently recommended to start oral feeding in premature infants as soon as possible, often at an age where nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) is still required for ventilatory support. Our previous data showed that application of nCPAP up to 10 cmH2O in full-term lambs had no deleterious ...
Bar-Yoseph Fabiana - - 2013
Human milk provides the optimal balanced nutrition for the growing infant in the first months after birth. The human mammary gland has evolved with unusual pathways, resulting in a specific positioning of fatty acids at the outer sn-1 and sn-3, and center sn-2 of the triacylglyceride, which is different from ...
Elizur Arnon - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although cow's milk allergy (CMA) is one of the most common food allergies, mislabelling non-allergic infants as being allergic to cow's milk is more common. Despite this, characteristics of families and infants with mislabelled CMA are lacking. METHODS: Using a prospective population-based study, we identified infants with any possible ...
Mackenzie Catherine - - 2013
Background:The beneficial effects of breastfeeding for mothers and babies are well recognized. When maternal breast milk is not available in sufficient quantity, donor breast milk is recommended as an alternate source of nutrition, particularly in preterm and other high-risk infants. Australia lags behind the rest of the developed world in ...
von Berg Andrea - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The long-term effect of nutritional intervention with hydrolysate infant formulas on allergic manifestations in high-risk children is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the effect of hydrolysate infant formulas on allergic phenotypes in children with family history of allergies at school age. METHODS: We analyzed data from participants of ...
Sakalidis Vanessa S - - 2013
Background:Despite the differences in breastfeeding and bottle-feeding, our understanding of how suck-swallow-breathe (SSwB), oxygenation, and heart rate patterns change as the infant ages is based predominantly on bottle-feeding studies. Therefore, this study aimed to measure how SSwB, oxygenation, and heart rate patterns changed during the first 4 months of lactation ...
Cormack Barbara Elizabeth - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether purposely designed nutritional guidelines for extremely low birthweight (ELBW; birth weight <1000 g) babies result in protein intakes that meet international consensus recommendations, and whether this results in improved growth from birth to discharge. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study of nutritional intakes and growth in ELBW ...
Morgan Colin - - 2013
Early postnatal growth failure is well described in very preterm infants. It reflects the nutritional deficits in protein and energy intake that accumulate in the first few weeks after birth. This coincides with the period of maximum parenteral nutrition (PN) dependency, so that protein intake is largely determined by intravenous ...
De Leoz Maria Lorna A - - 2013
Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs), though non-nutritive to the infant, shape the intestinal microbiota and protect against pathogens during early growth and development. Infant formulas with added galacto-oligosaccharides have been developed to mimic the beneficial effects of HMOs. Premature infants have an immature immune system and a leaky gut and are ...
Vercelli Marina - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to evaluate, by Join Point regression method, the yearly variations in demographic indices and mortality data in Italy from 1901 to 2008, as related to the caloric intake. The relationships between mortality and caloric intake were studied by time series. The results showed ...
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