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Hay William W WW Jr Department of Pediatrics, Perinatal Research Center, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Anschutz Medical Campus F441, 13243 East 23rd Avenue, Aurora, CO 80045, - - 2013
Nutrition of preterm infants should result in growth similar to that of normally growing fetuses of the same gestational age. Unfortunately, most preterm infants are not fed enough to achieve this objective; as a result they are growth restricted by term gestation. Recent studies have demonstrated that early and enhanced ...
Cinar Nursan Dede ND Sakarya University School of Health Sciences, Sakarya, Turkey. - - 2013
The purpose of this qualitative research was to explore the needs and difficulties of mothers who had multiple babies at Sakarya County by focusing on their breastfeeding experience. Ten mothers who gave birth to multiple infants participated in the study voluntarily. The framework method of data analysis was applied systematically ...
Zachariassen G - - 2013
To describe eating habits and possible feeding intolerance among preterm infants based on type of nutrition. The parents of infants born below 32 weeks filled in questionnaires, before and after discharge, about type of nutrition, number of meals, regurgitation, number of stools and laxative use. A total of 769 questionnaires ...
Singh Dharmendra K - - 2013
The authors studied the outcome of 108 infants <  6 mo with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) admitted in the Nutritional Rehabilitation Centres (NRC) at a teaching hospital. The most common symptom that the children presented with, was acute diarrhoea (35.2 %) followed by failure to gain weight (26.9 %). Seventy five (69.4 %) infants were ...
Miller Elizabeth M - - 2013
The high proportion of human infant fat is hypothesized to protect infant brains by mobilizing against growth disturbances caused by acute nutritional and pathogen stress during weaning. However, individuals who experience chronic nutritional stress have been shown to store fat rather than mobilize fat stores, although this has not been ...
Kung Yin-Hsiang - - 2013
Infants in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) have a higher incidence of bloodstream infections (BSIs) than any other pediatric or adult population. The predisposing factors have not been comprehensively evaluated in this population in Taiwan. A retrospective matched case-control study was conducted in the NICUs of a teaching hospital ...
Harvey Bryan M - - 2013
Background:To evaluate the effects of an amino acidbased formula (AAF) with synbiotics on growth and tolerance in healthy infants. The hypoallergenicity of this AAF with synbiotics was evaluated in subjects with cow's milk allergy (CMA).Methods:Study 1: 115 fullterm, healthy infants randomly received an AAF with synbiotics a commercially available AAF ...
Chao Hai-Hsuan - - 2013
Human milk is considered to be the best nutrition for all infants because it provides the optimal source of nutritional, immunological, developmental, psychological, economic, practical, and environmental benefits in both the short and long terms. To the best of our knowledge, few studies in Taiwan have examined the toxicants level ...
Fernandez-Rao Sylvia S Department of Behavioural Sciences, National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, - - 2014
This article describes the development, design, and implementation of an integrated randomized double-masked placebo-controlled trial (Project Grow Smart) that examines how home/preschool fortification with multiple micronutrient powder (MNP) combined with an early child-development intervention affects child development, growth, and micronutrient status among infants and preschoolers in rural India. The 1-year ...
Westin Vera - - 2013
To evaluate perioperative nutrition in extremely preterm infants undergoing surgery for patent ductus arteriousus (PDA). Population-based study of extremely preterm infants born in Sweden during 2004-2007 and operated on for PDA. Data on perioperative nutrition was obtained from hospital records. All enteral and parenteral nutrients and blood products were used ...
Cameron Adrian J - - 2013
To assess the effectiveness of the Melbourne Infant Feeding, Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT) Program according to maternal education and age. A cluster-randomised controlled trial involving 542 mother/infant pairs from 62 existing first-time parent groups was conducted in 2008 in Melbourne, Australia. The intervention involved 6×2-hour dietitian-delivered sessions, DVD and ...
Fischer Tara P - - 2013
Background:The presence of barriers is not sufficient to explain breastfeeding rate disparities. A relatively unexplored area in coping with breastfeeding barriers is culture.Objective:This research aims to better understand the role of culture in a woman's infant feeding decision by using race and socioeconomic status as indicators of culture.Methods:Focus groups and ...
Nakamura Michio - - 2014
If a social-living animal has a long life span, permitting different generations to co-exist within a social group, as is the case in many primate species, it can be beneficial for a parent to continue to support its weaned offspring to increase the latter's survival and/or reproductive success. Chimpanzees have ...
Stojković Andjelka A Pediatric Hospital, Clinical Centre "Kragujevac", Kragujevac, - - 2013
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a multisystemic autosomal recessive disease most frequently recognized by characteristic respiratory and/or digestive manifestations. Exceptionally rare, as is the case with the infant we are presenting, the initial sign of the disease can be nutritional deficiency dermatitis (NDD). A three-month-old male infant of young and healthy ...
Oates Kassandra - - 2013
Single-laboratory validation (SLV) data from a method for the determination of choline in infant formula and adult nutritionals by ion chromatography (IC) and suppressed conductivity were generated and presented to the Stakeholder Panel on Infant Formula and Adult Nutritionals (SPIFAN) Expert Review Panel (ERP) at the AOAC Annual Meeting held ...
Prince Allison - - 2013
Premature infants are highly susceptible to extrauterine growth restriction. Without early and adequate nutrition support, nutrition deficits of energy and protein can quickly accrue. Growth failure has been implicated in poor neurodevelopmental outcomes and long-term morbidity, creating a major focus on neonatal nutrition alongside medical management. Optimal nutrition is paramount ...
Fouda Genevieve G GG Human Vaccine Institute, Department of Cell Biology, Institute for Genome Sciences and Policy, and Department of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC - - 2013
Achieving an AIDS-free generation will require elimination of postnatal transmission of HIV-1 while maintaining the nutritional and immunologic benefits of breastfeeding for infants in developing regions. Maternal/infant antiretroviral prophylaxis can reduce postnatal HIV-1 transmission, yet toxicities and the development of drug-resistant viral strains may limit the effectiveness of this strategy. ...
Scalone Francesco - - 2013
We examined the effects of nutritional stress on maternal mortality arising from short-term economic crises in eighteenth-century and nineteenth-century Germany, and how these effects might have been mitigated by socio-economic status. Historical data from six German villages were used to assess how socio-economic conditions and short-term economic crises following poor ...
Carlson Sarah J SJ Department of Surgery and the Vascular Biology Program, Boston Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Ave, Fegan 3, Boston, Massachusetts - - 2013
The neonatal intestine is a complex organ that regulates the absorption of nutrients essential for growth and development. Intestinal failure results from insufficient or functionally inadequate bowel and can lead to failure of neonatal growth and development. Current literature on neonatal intestinal physiology and failure was reviewed and summarized. A ...
van Goudoever Johannes B - - 2013
The goal of pediatricians involved in the nutritional management of preterm infants is to mimic intrauterine growth and to obtain a functional outcome comparable to that for infants born at term. Appropriate administration of nutrients in the first few days to weeks of life will reduce the growth restriction that ...
Lapillonne Alexandre - - 2013
Significant efforts have been made to improve the nutritional support of preterm infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) to avoid cumulative nutritional deficits, reduce postnatal growth restriction, and promote optimal long-term development. The objective of this systematic review was to compare the characteristics and results of all surveys published ...
Rigo Jacques - - 2013
Growth failure in neonatal intensive care units is a major challenge for pediatricians and neonatologists. The use of early "aggressive" parenteral nutrition (PN), with >2.5 g/(kg ⋅ d) of amino acids and at least 40 kcal/(kg ⋅ d) of energy from the first day of life, has been shown to ...
Chuchu Nancy - - 2013
Recent research published in this journal highlighted the issue of the high content of aluminium in infant formulas. The expectation was that the findings would serve as a catalyst for manufacturers to address a significant problem of these, often necessary, components of infant nutrition. It is critically important that parents ...
Finkelstein Julia L - - 2013
Effects of prenatal iron supplementation on maternal postpartum iron status and early infant iron homeostasis remain largely unknown. We examined iron absorption and growth in exclusively breastfed infants in relation to fetal iron exposure and iron status during early infancy. Longitudinal, paired iron-absorption ((58)Fe) studies were conducted in 59 exclusively ...
Praticò Giulia - - 2013
Breast milk is a complex fluid evolutionarily adapted to satisfy the nutritional requirements of growing infants. In addition, milk biochemical and immunological components protect newborns against infective agents in the new environment. Human milk oligosaccharides, the third most abundant component of breast milk, are believed to modulate the microbiota composition, ...
Arslanoglu Sertac - - 2013
The Committee on Nutrition of the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition aims to document the existing evidence of the benefits and common concerns deriving from the use of donor human milk (DHM) in preterm infants. The comment also outlines gaps in knowledge and gives recommendations for practice ...
Clarridge Katherine Elizabeth - - 2013
While iodine deficiency remains a relatively rare cause of thyroid dysfunction in the United States, little is known about iodine status and deficiency in children requiring parenteral nutrition (PN). This population may be at an elevated risk of thyroid dysregulation and neurodevelopmental sequelae due to low concentrations in typical PN ...
Su Bai-Horng - - 2013
Extrauterine growth restriction is common in very preterm infants. The incidence in very low birth weight infants ranges between 43% and 97% in various centers, with a wide variability due to the use of different reference growth charts and nonstandard nutritional strategies. Extrauterine growth restriction is associated with an increased ...
Giannì Maria Lorella - - 2013
Prevention of extra-uterine growth retardation is of extreme importance, as the achievement of adequate growth has been associated with a favorable neurodevelopmental outcome through childhood. In addition, as disturbances in growth that take place early in life may affect adult health, a full understanding of the growth trajectory of very-low-birth-weight ...
Solanki G S - - 2013
In this report, nighttime births of 3 stump-tailed macaques observed at the Aizawl Zoological Park, India, are described. Continuous focal observations were collected along with video and still photographs, on the 3 parturitions, from the first observed onset of labour. The average time taken for infant birth, beginning with visibility ...
Sigalet David - - 2013
This review will highlight recent advances in the care of infants with Intestinal Failure, focusing on the benefits of a multi-disciplinary team and the types of nutrition used. Recent best "practices" from the literature are described, including strategies for promoting intestinal adaptation, the use of lipid sparing Parenteral Nutrition (PN) ...
Við Streym S - - 2013
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:The objective of this study was to assess vitamin D status and possible consequences of low plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels in a population of healthy mothers and their infants.SUBJECTS/METHODS:A total of 107 women aged 24-41 years gave birth to 108 infants. They were followed up three times during 9 ...
Ngure Francis M FM Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York; Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns, Baltimore, Maryland; Zvitambo Project, Harare, Zimbabwe; Centre for Pediatrics, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom; The Hygiene Centre, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United - - 2013
We conducted direct observation of 23 caregiver-infant pairs for 130 hours and recorded wash-related behaviors to identify pathways of fecal-oral transmission of bacteria among infants. In addition to testing fingers, food, and drinking water of infants, three infants actively ingested 11.3 ± 9.2 (mean ± SD) handfuls of soil and ...
Alabsi Humam S - - 2013
Rectal bleeding in neonates is an alarming sign that suggests a possible serious underlying condition, such as infection or bleeding disorder that would necessitate hospitalization and prompt intervention. We report a case of eosinophilic gastroenteritis caused by cow's milk protein allergy in a one-day- old infant, who presented with frankly ...
Peterson Robyn - - 2013
Breastfeeding is known to have many health benefits for a newborn. Not only does human milk provide an excellent source of nutrition, it also contains components that protect against infection from a wide range of pathogens. Some of the protective properties of human milk can be attributed to the immunoglobulins. ...
Hajeebhoy Nemat - - 2013
A comprehensive set of infant and young child feeding (IYCF) indicators for international use was published in 2008. We describe the process followed to incorporate these indicators into Vietnam's National Nutrition Surveillance System (NNSS). Following its establishment in 1980, the National Institute of Nutrition introduced the Vietnam NNSS to provide ...
McMahon Adrienne - - 2013
This HPLC method, with both variable UV and fluorescence detection, allows for the simultaneous determination of vitamin A palmitate, vitamin A acetate, and total vitamin E in infant, pediatric, and adult nutritional formulas. The concentration of each vitamin form is calculated by comparison with standards of known concentration. Following hydrolysis, ...
Kim Jae H - - 2013
The use of human milk for preterm infants has increased over the past decade reflecting an improved awareness of the benefits of human milk. Inherent in this paradigm shift is the recognition that human milk is a living tissue; full of immune cells, probiotics and hundreds of compounds that confer ...
Nandivada Prathima - - 2013
Parenteral nutrition (PN) is necessary for infants unable to receive adequate calories enterally due to prematurity, decreased bowel length, or functional intestinal disorders. While PN can be life saving, its use is associated with significant risks of sepsis from catheter-associated infections and progressive liver dysfunction from prolonged use. The preterm ...
Viswanathan Sreekanth - - 2013
Metabolic bone disease (MBD) is an important prematurity-related morbidity, but remains inadequately investigated in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants, the group most at risk. The objective was to describe the incidence and associated risk factors of MBD in ELBW infants. Retrospective analysis of all ELBW infants admitted between January ...
Cristofalo Elizabeth A - - 2013
To compare the duration of parenteral nutrition, growth, and morbidity in extremely premature infants fed exclusive diets of either bovine milk-based preterm formula (BOV) or donor human milk and human milk-based human milk fortifier (HUM), in a randomized trial of formula vs human milk. Multicenter randomized controlled trial. The authors ...
Fanaro Silvia - - 2013
Feeding intolerance (FI), defined as the inability to digest enteral feedings associated to increased gastric residuals, abdominal distension and/or emesis, is frequently encountered in the very preterm infant and often leads to a disruption of the feeding plan. In most cases FI represents a benign condition related to the immaturity ...
Wyatt Amanda J - - 2013
Agricultural strategies such as dairy intensification have potential to improve human nutrition through increased household food security. Increasing dairy productivity could also adversely affect infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices because of increased maternal stress, demands on maternal time, and beliefs about the timing and appropriate types of complementary ...
Bertino Enrico - - 2013
Mother's own milk is widely recognized as the optimal feeding for term infants, but also provides health benefits that are of vital importance for sick and preterm infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), even though the growth and neurodevelopmental needs of very premature infants are best met by appropriate ...
Roy Claude C CC Services de gastroentérologie, hépatologie et nutrition, Département de pédiatrie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sainte-Justine, Université de Montréal, Montréal, - - 2013
The present case report describes the clinical problems encountered over a five-month period in an infant born with jejunal atresia, extensive midgut volvulus and a microcolon. After an initial surgical resection, the patient had no remaining ileum and his ileocecal valve was also removed. The patient had 35 cm of ...
Gnigler Maria - - 2013
Although 90% of babies <1500 g (very low-birth weight or VLBW) are appropriate for gestational age (AGA) at birth, almost all are small for gestational age at 36 weeks of gestation, mainly due to nutritional deficiency in the first weeks of life. A computer calculation program (CCP) to calculate parenteral nutrition ...
Ting Joseph Y - - 2013
Therapeutic hypothermia has been widely applied to improve the survival/neurodevelopmental outcomes among infants with moderate-to-severe hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Due to their critical condition and concerns over feeding tolerance, it is not uncommon to withhold enteral feeds and provide parenteral nutrition (PN) during hypothermia and early rewarming. Here we report ...
Jones Jesica A - - 2013
Dietary nitrate and nitrite are sources of gastric NO, which modulates blood flow, mucus production, and microbial flora. However, the intake and importance of these anions in infants is largely unknown. Nitrate and nitrite levels were measured in breast milk of mothers of preterm and term infants, infant formulas, and ...
Menon Gopi G Department of Neonatology, Simpson Centre for Reproductive Health, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, , Edinburgh, - - 2013
A mother's expressed breast milk (MEBM) is overall the best feed for her preterm baby during the neonatal period, and is associated with improved short-term and long-term outcomes. Neonatal services should commit the resources needed to optimise its use. The place of banked donor expressed breast milk (DEBM) is less ...
Wasser Heather M - - 2013
This study examined non-maternal involvement in feeding during the first 2years of life and its association with breastfeeding duration, early introduction of complementary foods, and dietary intakes of selected foods and beverages. Data were from the Infant Care, Feeding and Risk of Obesity Study, a cohort of 217 low-income, African-American ...
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