Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1524
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Lam Hugh S HS Department of Paediatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sha Tin, Hong - - 2014
Background: Infants receiving prolonged parenteral nutrition (PN) are at risk of PN-associated cholestasis (PNAC). This can progress to hepatic failure and death if PN cannot be discontinued. Fish oil-based parenteral lipid preparation (FOLP) has been shown to be beneficial in case studies. Objectives: (1) To evaluate whether FOLP could halt ...
Obladen Michael - - 2014
Abstract This article traces the decline of milk from a heavenly elixir to a tradeable food. Early cultures regarded milk not as a simple nutrient, but a living fluid. Heroes and gods were believed to have been nurtured by animals after being abandoned. Character traits were assumed to be transmitted ...
Smith-Gagen Julie J School of Community Health Sciences, University of Nevada, Reno, 1664 North Virginia Street/MS 274, Reno, NV, 89557, USA, - - 2014
We assessed the relationship between breastfeeding initiation and duration with laws supportive of breastfeeding enacted at the state level. We analyzed breastfeeding practices using the 2003-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We evaluated three measures of breastfeeding practices: Mother's reported breastfeeding initiation, a proxy report of infants ever being ...
Tocco Nicole M NM 1Cincinnati Childrens Hospital, Cincinnati, - - 2014
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the neonatal population. Total body cooling in term infants who meet the criteria for moderate to severe HIE has been shown to be neuroprotective. A decreased core body temperature is known to affect kinetic properties of many enzyme ...
Haile Demewoz - - 2014
Combining various aspects of child feeding into an age-specific summary index provides a first answer to the question of how best to deal with recommended feeding practices in the context of HIV pandemic. The objective of this study is to assess feeding practices of HIV exposed infants using summary index ...
Tan Bin B School of Public Health and Management, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 400016, - - 2014
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common and serious problem among mechanically ventilated patients in intensive care units (ICU), especially for the newborn. However, limited literatures have been reviewed to synthesize the finding of previous papers to investigate the risk factors for VAP although it has been a serious complication of ...
Brands Brigitte B Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, University of Munich Medical Centre, Munich, - - 2014
Infant nutrition has a major impact on immediate outcomes and long-term health and later disease risks, such as obesity and related disorders, a phenomenon referred to as "metabolic programming". This review discusses the currently postulated hypotheses and mechanisms investigated by the EarlyNutrition project. Conclusion Rapid weight gain in the first ...
Robinson Daniel T DT Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, - - 2014
Objective The aim of this study is to assess the influence of parenteral nutrition (PN) on the time to regain birth weight in premature neonates born between 1,500 and 2,499 g. Study Design A retrospective analysis stratified premature neonates born between 1,500 and 2,499 g by receipt of PN or intravenous dextrose at ≤ 72 ...
Loomis Theresa T *Medical Science Liaison Abbott Nutrition †Department of Nutritional SciencesDirector, MS in Clinical Nutrition Program; University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey ‡Graduate Programs in Clinical Nutrition; University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey §Dept of Interdisciplinary Studies, SHRP Adjunct Professor Dept of Quantitative Methods, School of Public Health University of Medicine and Dentistry of - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to determine if implementation of standardized feeding guidelines in a neonatal intensive care unit had an effect on the administration of enteral nutrition, growth and bone and liver health. This was a retrospective chart review of infants ≤32 weeks gestation and ≤1500 grams at ...
Zhou Shao J SJ Women's and Children's Health Research Institute, 72 King William Road, North Adelaide, SA 5006, - - 2014
The safety and nutritional adequacy of goat milk infant formulas have been questioned. The primary aim of the present study was to compare the growth and nutritional status of infants fed a goat milk infant formula with those of infants fed a typical whey-based cow milk infant formula. The secondary ...
Raiten Daniel J DJ Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD (DJR, RR, and AP); and the US Department of Agriculture, Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, Evidence Analysis Library Division, Alexandria, VA (JEO and - - 2014
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) are the cornerstone of US government efforts to promote health and prevent disease through diet and nutrition. The DGA currently provides guidelines for ages ≥2 y. In an effort to determine the strength of the evidence to support the inclusion of infants and children ...
Flax Valerie L VL Carolina Population Center (VLF, MEB, EJD, and LSA), Departments of Nutrition (VLF, MEB, and LSA) and Biostatistics (EJD), and Division of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine (AF and CMvdH), University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC; the USDA-Agriculture Research Service, Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center, Grand Forks, ND (GFC); the University of North Carolina Project, Lilongwe, Malawi (CSC, D Kayira, GT, and D Kamwendo); the Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Witwatersrand, Parktown, South Africa (CSC); and the US CDC, Atlanta, GA (APK and - - 2014
Selenium is found in soils and is essential for human antioxidant defense and immune function. In Malawi, low soil selenium and dietary intakes coupled with low plasma selenium concentrations in HIV infection could have negative consequences for the health of HIV-infected mothers and their exclusively breastfed infants. We tested the ...
Hoffhines Heather - - 2014
Prevailing infant and toddler feeding practices in an American Indian community were assessed to explore the feasibility of improvement by implementation of a maternal education program. A survey of prevailing nutritional practice was the basis for design of an instruction program on infant nutrition for mothers during pregnancy. Follow-up assessments ...
Harrison Gail G GG Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles CA (GGH); the Office of Policy Support, Food and Nutrition Service, USDA, Alexandria, VA (JDH and TAO); Westat, Rockville, MD (SWM); and Altarum Institute, Ann Arbor, MI - - 2014
The federal Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), which began in the 1970s, has undergone revisions in the past several years, including revision to contents of the supplemental food "packages" in 2009 based on recommendations provided by an Institute of Medicine (IOM) committee of The National ...
Ramel S E SE Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, - - 2014
The American Academy of Pediatrics calls for aggressive management of preterm infants to achieve body composition approximating that of the healthy infant in utero. Air displacement plethysmography (ADP) has been validated for assessment of body composition in preterm infants and could be used to monitor their nutritional status during hospitalization. ...
Ahluwalia Namanjeet N Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, - - 2014
The period from birth to 24 mo (B-24) is a critical phase in which nutrient requirements for growth and development are high and several transitions in food consumption practices occur. A few large-scale national studies (eg, the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study and Infant Feeding Practices Study) offer important insights ...
Obbagy Julie E JE Evidence Analysis Library Division, Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, US Department of Agriculture, Alexandria, - - 2014
The USDA's Nutrition Evidence Library (NEL) specializes in conducting food- and nutrition-related systematic reviews that are used to inform federal government decision making. To ensure the utility of NEL systematic reviews, the most relevant topics must be addressed, questions must be clearly focused and appropriate in scope, and review frameworks ...
Malunga Lovemore Nkhata - - 2014
Undernutrition during childhood is a common disorder in the developing countries, however most research has focussed much on its treatment rather than its prevention. We investigated the potential of using chickpeas in infant follow-on formula production against the requirements of WHO/FAO on complementary foods and EU regulations on follow-on formula. ...
Tzifi Flora - - 2014
Soy milk formula has limited medical indications for infants feeding, although in several parts of the world it has been used as a source of nutrition in a large number of children. It used to be the main alternative feeding for infants allergic to cow's milk that did not breastfed ...
Ruktanonchai Duke - - 2014
Injectable zinc, a vital component of parenteral nutrition (PN) formulations, has been in short supply in the United States since late 2012. In December 2012, three premature infants with cholestasis hospitalized in Washington, DC, experienced erosive dermatitis in the diaper area and blisters on their extremities, a condition that can ...
Yong Su-Boon SB Department of Pediatrics, Show Chwan Memorial Hospital, Changhua, - - 2014
Perforation of the esophagus associated with placement of nasogastric tubes is not uncommon in preterm infants. Herein we report three cases of iatrogenic esophageal perforation associated with nasogastric tube placement. With nonsurgical management of parenteral nutrition and broad-spectrum antimicrobial therapy, all three neonates survived without sequelae. Effective strategies to prevent ...
Burrin Douglas G DG USDA/Agricultural Research Service Children's Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics - - 2014
Parenteral nutrition (PN) is a life-saving nutritional support for a large population of hospitalized infants, and lipids make a substantial contribution to their energy and essential fatty acid (FA) needs. A challenge in the care of these infants is that their metabolic needs require prolonged PN support that increases the ...
Cacho Nicole N Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Florida, Gainesville, - - 2014
The mammalian gastrointestinal tract harbors a highly diverse microbial population termed the microbiome, which plays a major role in nutrition, metabolism, protection against pathogens, and development of the immune system. It is estimated that at least 1000 different bacterial species cohabit the human intestinal tract. Herein we provide a brief ...
Gregory Katherine E KE Boston College, W.F. Connell School of Nursing, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts (Dr Gregory and Ms Dubois); and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (Dr Gregory and Ms - - 2014
Optimal nutrition during infancy is critical not only to support the dramatic growth and development that takes place during the first 12 months following birth but also for establishing a healthy immune response throughout childhood and across the life span. The normative standards for infant feeding and nutrition are breast-feeding ...
Morisaki Naho N Department of Health Policy, National Center for Child Health and Development, Setagayaku, Tokyo, Japan ; Department of Pediatrics, University of Tokyo, Bunkyoku, Tokyo, - - 2014
Whether parenteral nutrition benefits growth of very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants in the setting of rapid enteral feeding advancement is unclear. Our aim was to examine this issue using data from Japan, where enteral feeding typically advances at a rapid rate. We studied 4005 hospitalized VLBW, very preterm ...
Bourlieu Claire C a INRA, UMR 1253, Science & Technology of Milk and Egg , 35000 , Rennes , - - 2014
Digestion of nutrients is an essential function of the newborn infant gut to allow growth and development and understanding infant digestive function is essential to optimize nutrition and oral drug delivery. Ethical considerations prohibit invasive in vivo trials and as a consequence in vitro assays are often conducted. However, the ...
Belen Burcu B Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Gaziantep Childrens' Hospital, Gaziantep, - - 2014
Megaloblastic anaemia due to vitamin B12 deficiency is rare in childhood. However, as most cases are due to maternal insufficiency, it is mainly seen in breastfed infants especially when the mother's socioeconomic status is low and the nutrition is not adequate. We present case of two Syrian refugee infants with ...
Laureano Andre A Hospital de Curry Cabral - Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Central, Lisboa, - - 2014
A 5-month-old female infant, preterm, exclusively breast-fed, presented with a 2-month history of erythematous, erosive, and crusted patches and plaques in a peri-oral, scalp, genital, and peri-anal distribution. A clinical diagnosis of zinc deficiency was confirmed by a low serum zinc level in the infant and decreased maternal breast milk ...
Lawan Umar M UM Department of Community Medicine, Bayero University and Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano State, - - 2014
Appropriate infant feeding is the key to optimum infant and child development and survival. This study investigates age-appropriate infant feeding practices and nutritional status of infants attending the immunization and child welfare clinic at Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital. Using a cross-sectional descriptive design, a sample of 300 sets of infants ...
Nair Manisha M National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit (NPEU), Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, Oxfordshire, - - 2014
To explore the experiences of mothers employed through the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) using focus group discussions (FGDs) to understand the impact of mothers' employment on infant feeding and care. The effects of mothers' employment on nutritional status of children could be variable. It could lead ...
Ehrenkranz Richard A RA Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn., - - 2014
Recommendations about the nutritional management of preterm infants, especially of extremely low gestational age (or extremely low birth weight) neonates, have been published by a number of pediatric and nutritional organizations. The objectives of these recommendations are to provide nutrients to approximate the rate of growth and composition of weight ...
Lapillonne Alexandre A Paris Descartes University, APHP Necker Hospital, Paris, France, and CNRC, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Tex., - - 2014
Lipids provide infants with most of their energy needs. The major portion of the fat in human milk is found in the form of triglycerides, the phospholipids and cholesterol contributing for only a small proportion of the total fat. Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) are crucial for normal development of ...
Mimouni Francis B FB Department of Neonatology, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, - - 2014
Proper mineral and vitamin D nutrition in preterm infants is essential for adequate bone health because preterm infants are at a risk of prematurely developing osteopenia. This chapter focuses on nutritional aspects of the requirements after a brief description of the perinatal physiology of minerals and vitamin D. The rationale ...
Leaf Alison A Southampton Biomedical Research Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton, - - 2014
There are 13 nutrients classified as vitamins: 4 'fat-soluble' and 9 'water-soluble'. All are essential to maintain healthy homeostasis and metabolic function. Preterm infants are born with low levels and reduced stores of fat-soluble vitamins. Active placental transfer of water-soluble vitamins ensures high levels at birth, but as they are ...
Embleton Nicholas D ND Newcastle Neonatal Service, Newcastle Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, - - 2014
Preterm infants have limited nutrient stores at birth, take time to establish enteral feeding, are at risk of accumulating significant nutrient deficits, and frequently suffer poor growth - all risks which are associated with poorer neurodevelopmental outcome. Parenteral nutrition (PN) provides a relatively safe means of meeting nutrient intakes, and ...
Ramel Sara E SE Division of Neonatology, University of Minnesota Amplatz Children's Hospital, University of Minnesota School of Medicine, Minneapolis, Minn., - - 2014
The brain is the most highly metabolic organ in the preterm neonate and consumes the greatest amount of nutrient resources for its function and growth. As preterm infants survive at greater rates, neurodevelopment has become the primary morbidity outcome of interest. While many factors influence neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants, ...
Senterre Thibault T Department of Neonatology, University of Liège, CHU de Liège, CHR de la Citadelle, Liège, - - 2014
The perinatal period is critical for human development. The brain of very low birth weight (VLBW, <1,500 g) infants is particularly vulnerable to undernutrition. Enteral nutrition is of major importance for the growth and the development of the gastrointestinal tract, which depends on the amount and composition of feeds. Feeding ...
Poindexter Brenda B Indiana University School of Medicine, Section of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Riley Hospital for Children at Indiana University Health, Indianapolis, Ind., - - 2014
Postnatal growth failure remains a nearly universal complication of extreme prematurity. The incidence of postnatal growth failure is inversely related to gestational age. Unfortunately, by the time growth faltering is recognized, the nutrient deficits that have accumulated can be difficult, if not impossible, to recover. The perceived severity of illness ...
Moya Fernando F Betty Cameron Women and Children's Hospital, Wilmington, N.C., - - 2014
Experimental and clinical evidence show that fetal and neonatal nutrition and metabolism can markedly modulate pulmonary growth, development, and function, as well as long-term lung health and disease risks. Intrauterine growth restriction has been linked to an increased risk for respiratory distress syndrome and chronic lung disease, while excessive fetal ...
Lapillonne Alexandre A Paris Descartes University, APHP Necker Hospital, Paris, France and CNRC, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Tex., - - 2014
In recent years, much attention has been focused on enhancing the nutritional support of very preterm infants to improve both survival and quality of life. In most countries throughout the world, preterm infants tend to be discharged from hospital earlier than the expected term for economic and other reasons. The ...
Murguia-Peniche Teresa T Rollins School of Public Health, Hubert Department of Global Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Ga., - - 2014
Most infant deaths (99%) occur in developing countries. The 14.9 million infants born prematurely (>11% of all live births) carry a particularly high mortality risk. This chapter discusses strategies to improve neonatal outcome under resource-restricted conditions, with a focus on nutritional interventions. Evidence-based interventions begin before conception with strategies to ...
Khanal Vishnu V Sanjeevani College of Medical Sciences, Butwal, Rupandehi, Nepal. - - 2014
Exclusive breastfeeding is known to have nutritional and health benefits. This study investigated factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding among infants aged five months or less in Timor-Leste. The latest data from the national Demographic and Health Survey 2009-2010 were analyzed by binary logistic regression. Of the 975 infants included in ...
Panczuk Julia J Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada ; Division of Neonatology, The Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, ON M5G 1X8, - - 2014
Breast milk is the normal way to feed infants and is accepted worldwide as the optimal first source of nutrition. Though the majority intend to breastfeed, many mothers of sick, hospitalized newborns, particularly those of very low birth weight, are unable to provide a full volume of milk due to ...
Fukuoka Hideoki H Comprehensive Research Organization Waseda - - 2014
Presently, the incidences of noncommunicable diseases (NCD) have been increasing in both low- and middle-income countries worldwidely. Effective long-term and multigeneration interventions to decrease the risk of NCD should be developed and introduced. The environment in utero alters phenotypes mainly through epigenetic mechanisms. The epigenetic changes induced in an unfavorable ...
Onah Stanley S Department of Paediatrics, Nnamdi Azikiwe University teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Anambra state, - - 2014
Malnutrition is an underlying factor in more than 50% of the major cause of infant mortality-Pneumonia, diarrhoeal disease and measles which account for 70% of infant mortality. Therefore, programs to promote adequate nutrition for age can help reduce mortality from these disease conditions and indispensible to achievement of MDG 4. ...
Poorisrisak Porntiva P Department of Pediatrics, Naestved Hospital, Naestved, - - 2014
Preterm twin sisters (monozygotic) were born at gestational age 27 weeks and 5 days with birth weights of 935 and 735 g. They were admitted to our neonatal intensive care unit for a period of 1 month. Their parents were Jehovah's Witnesses and refused blood transfusion for their preterm daughters. Subcutaneous erythropoietin and intravenous ...
Vasu Vimal V Section of Neonatal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, Chelsea & Westminster Hospital Campus, London, UK Department of Child Health, William Harvey Hospital, Ashford, Kent, - - 2014
To describe (1) the relationship between nutrition and the preterm-at-term infant phenotype, (2) phenotypic differences between preterm-at-term infants and healthy term born infants and (3) relationships between somatic and brain MRI outcomes. Prospective observational study. UK tertiary neonatal unit. Preterm infants (<32 weeks gestation) (n=22) and healthy term infants (n=39) MAIN ...
Castro Patricia Dominguez PD Trinity College Dublin, College Green, Dublin 2, Ireland. - - 2014
Early nutrition plays a pivotal role in long-term health. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding during the first six months of life, with the gradual introduction of solids after this period. However, studies in the Republic of Ireland (ROI) have shown poor compliance with guidelines. The ROI continues ...
Glorieux Francis H FH Genetics Unit, Shriners Hospital for Children-Canada and McGill University , Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
This review describes the pathogenesis, clinical presentation and biochemical perturbations found in privational (nutritional) rickets and pseudo-vitamin D deficiency rickets (PDDR), an autosomal recessive condition with loss of function mutations in CYP27B1. It may seem strange to combine a discussion on privational rickets and PDDR as a single topic, but ...
Adugna Dessalegn Tamiru DT Nutrition Unit, Public Health Department, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, - - 2014
Breastfeeding is one of the components of Primary Health Care in Ethiopia. In Ethiopia a wide range of harmful infant feeding practices has been documented despite the implementation of infant and young child feeding guidelines. However, there is no well documented study of women's perception of breastfeeding patterns and factors ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >