Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1531
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Penders John - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the contribution of a broad range of external influences to the gut microbiotic composition in early infancy. METHODS: Fecal samples from 1032 infants at 1 month of age, who were recruited from the KOALA Birth Cohort Study in the Netherlands, were ...
Bailit Jennifer L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Studies suggest that sleep deprivation adversely affects performance. We hypothesized that cesarean delivery complications would be more frequent during the night shift (11 pm-7 am), and evaluated morbidities by delivery shift. STUDY DESIGN: Eighteen thousand nine hundred and thirty-nine term women undergoing an unscheduled cesarean delivery in 13 centers ...
Kolås Toril - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine neonatal outcomes among women with a planned cesarean and a planned vaginal delivery at term. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective survey was conducted on 18,653 singleton deliveries that represent 24 maternity units during a 6-month period. The data were retrieved from the ...
Becker Sven - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether amniotic fluid (MSAF) affects obstetrical interventions and immediate perinatal outcome in a low-risk suburban population. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study examined 11,226 deliveries at Tübingen University Hospital (1998-2003). Thousand one hundred and twenty-three women (10%) had MSAF during labor. A control group of matched pairs ...
Datar Ashlesha - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to examine the impact of postpartum hospital-stay legislation on newborns' length of stay, neonatal readmissions, and 1-year mortality in California, and whether this legislation had differential impacts by demographics and complications during delivery or pregnancy. METHODOLOGY: This study used linked birth certificates, death ...
Sheffield Jeanne S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To measure the efficacy of valacyclovir suppression in late pregnancy to reduce the incidence of recurrent genital herpes in labor and subsequent cesarean delivery. METHODS: A total of 350 pregnant women with a history of genital herpes were assigned randomly to oral valacyclovir 500 mg twice a day or ...
Bloom Steven L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To measure decision-to-incision intervals and related maternal and neonatal outcomes in a cohort of women undergoing emergency cesarean deliveries at multiple university-based hospitals comprising the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units Network. METHODS: All women undergoing a primary cesarean delivery at a Network center ...
Nicholson J M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the gestational age ranges that result in optimal birth outcomes for each of four risk-defined groups. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of singleton late third-trimester deliveries at a large urban teaching hospital between July 1995 and September 2003. Low-risk, advanced maternal age, hypertensive and diabetic patients were ...
Nisenblat Victoria - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The claim that a planned repeat cesarean delivery is safer than a trial of labor after cesarean may not be applicable to women who desire larger families. The aim of this study was to assess maternal complications after multiple cesarean deliveries. METHODS: The records of women who underwent two ...
David Matthias - - 2006
PURPOSE: Are there differences regarding important perinatal outcome-parameters in Berlin relating to ethnicity? PATIENTS AND METHODS: A database was available covering 152,193 single deliveries in all hospitals in Berlin/Germany in the period 1993-1999, including 132,555 German women and 19,638 women of other ethnicities. Comparisons were made between a total of ...
Bahtiyar Mert O - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: An association between cesarean delivery and an increased risk of stillbirth in a subsequent pregnancy has been reported in the United Kingdom. This study investigated the association between prior cesarean delivery and unexplained intrauterine fetal demise at term in the United States. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study ...
Bellanca Rita U - - 2006
Four Macaca nemestrina infants delivered via cesarean section were introduced to their mothers after surgery. All 4 introductions were successful, although methods differed slightly between dam-infant pairs. Pairs were considered successful when the mother displayed affiliative behavior towards the infant (including grooming), cradled it ventrally, and nursed it sufficiently to ...
Bjarnason Nina H - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pimozide is an antidopaminergic, antipsychotic drug. Exposure during human pregnancy has not been reported previously, and recommendations on its use are based on extrapolation from other antipsychotics with antidopaminergic activity. CASE: A 26-year-old woman had Gilles de la Tourette syndrome and obsessive-compulsive disorder. It was not possible to discontinue ...
Shaffer Brian L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to define predictors of successful rotation and rate of cesarean delivery after manual rotation of the fetal occiput from occiput posterior or transverse position. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study comprised patients who underwent a trial of manual rotation of the fetal occiput ...
Rabi Yacov - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe the changes in oxygen saturation (SpO2) in healthy infants during the first 10 minutes of life. STUDY DESIGN: In this observational study, infants > or = 35 weeks gestation at birth who did not require supplemental oxygen had continuous recordings taken of the preductal SpO2 over the ...
Zweifler John - - 2006
In 1999 the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) adopted more-restrictive guidelines for vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC). This study assesses trends in VBAC in California and compares neonatal and maternal mortality rates among women attempting VBAC delivery or undergoing repeat cesarean delivery before and after this guideline ...
Meyer Marjorie C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Patients are given options with regard to the mode of delivery with increasing frequency. The manner in which obstetricians frame the risk/benefit information can have dramatic impact on the ultimate decision made by the patient. STUDY DESIGN: Recently published epidemiologic data reported increased morbidity and mortality to the second ...
Palencia Roberto - - 2006
The Term Breech Trial compared the safety of planned cesarean and planned vaginal birth for breech presentations at term. The combined outcome of perinatal or neonatal death and serious neonatal morbidity was found to be significantly lower among babies delivered by planned cesarean section. In this study we conducted a ...
Dietz H P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Unplanned operative delivery (vaginal or abdominal) is associated with maternal anxiety, maternal and neonatal morbidity and increased resource use. We aimed to identify potential predictors for emergency operative delivery. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of 202 nulliparous women in a tertiary antenatal unit between 36 and 40 ...
Mahony Rhona - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to estimate the obstetric outcome of second delivery in women with normal glucose tolerance whose first fetus was macrosomic (fetal weight >/= 4,500 g). METHODS: Primiparas delivering a macrosomic infant during the years 1997-2000 were identified from a hospital computer database, and the obstetric outcome of ...
Shimotake T - - 2006
The authors describe the morphology of the enteric nervous system in the hindgut of an infant with cloacal exstrophy. Cloacal exstrophy was diagnosed at 32 weeks' gestation using prenatal ultrasonography. The baby was delivered at 34 weeks' gestation and underwent a separation of the cecum from bladder halves, reapproximation of ...
Declercq Eugene - - 2006
We examined factors contributing to shifts in primary cesarean rates in the United States between 1991 and 2002. US national birth certificate data were used to assess changes in primary cesarean rates stratified according to maternal age, parity, and race/ethnicity. Trends in the occurrence of medical risk factors or complications ...
Stanton Cynthia K - - 2006
Evidence suggests that cesarean birth rates are high and increasing in some developing countries. The objectives of this study are to compile the best current estimate of cesarean birth rates for developing countries, to estimate regional rates, and to document trends nationally and by urban/rural residence where data permit. A ...
Makin Erica C - - 2006
AIMS: Sacrococcygeal teratomas (SCTs) are the commonest neonatal tumors with an incidence of approximately 1:30,000. There are few large single-center series and even fewer describing both their antenatal and postnatal course. We report the outcome of all fetuses investigated at a tertiary fetal medicine center with this diagnosis. METHOD: Demographic ...
Gonen Ron - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: It has been claimed that a trial of labor after cesarean carries higher maternal and fetal risks than planned cesarean delivery. Because the management of such patients in our department differs from that described in some studies, and is perhaps more cautious, we hypothesized that the outcome may be ...
Bailit Jennifer L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between risk-adjusted primary cesarean delivery rates and maternal and neonatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: California birth certificate data that were linked to hospital discharge data for 2001 were used to create a primary cesarean delivery rate risk-adjustment model. Two hundred ...
Frias Carmen - - 2006
Newborn rats maintain mother-litter bonds by using olfactory signals. At birth, units in the olfactory glomeruli (OG) are immature and vulnerable to noxious epigenetic factors like undernutrition. Because little is known about the effects of neonatal undernutrition upon the OG morphological organization, different OG parameters were studied in undernourished Wistar ...
Jain Lucky - - 2006
Respiratory morbidity in near term (> or =34 and <37 weeks) infants delivered spontaneously or by elective cesarean section (ECS) has been well documented in the literature, and accounts for a significant number of admissions to intensive care units among these neonates. Given the high rates of near-term deliveries in ...
Yeh John - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The national rate of vaginal birth after cesarean delivery decreased by 55% between 1996 and 2002. The objective of this investigation was to determine, in our population in upstate New York, whether this decline in the vaginal birth after cesarean delivery rate was due to temporal changes in the ...
David M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Investigation of the reasons for the transfer of women from a birth centre to a hospital in the course of childbirth as well as modalities and effects. PATIENTS AND METHOD: In the prospective investigation from September 1, 1999 to August 31, 2001, information was collected for all women in ...
Muhuri Pradip K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between method of delivery (primary cesarean section vs. vaginal) and neonatal mortality risk (as well as causes of death) among very low-birth weight first-born infants in the United States. More specifically, to examine this association separately for breech/malpresenting and vertex-presenting infants, while adjusting for selected ...
Lee Henry Chong - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To identify the indications for and any survival advantage associated with very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates delivered by cesarean. METHODS: Maternal and infant data from the National Center for Health Statistics linked birth/death data set for 1999 to 2000 were analyzed. Maternal conditions associated with cesarean delivery were ...
Okada H - - 2006
Leukocytapheresis has recently been used to induce remission in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) who fail to respond to corticosteroids. We could not find a report in the literature on leukocytapheresis for UC with gestational exacerbation. We have recently encountered this unique condition and report the details here. A 30-year-old ...
Lothian Judith A - - 2006
The cesarean rate has reached an all-time high at 29.1% of all births in the United States. In this column, the risks inherent in cesareans are discussed within the context of the current climate of "intervention-intensive" labor and birth, forced cesareans, the precipitate decrease in vaginal births after cesarean, and ...
Högberg U - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To describe indications for cesarean section for extremely preterm delivery, peri- and postoperative complications and perinatal outcome. DESIGN: A case-referent study with clinical follow-up. SETTING: A tertiary perinatal center. POPULATION: All deliveries at gestational age <28 weeks at Umeå University Hospital in 1997-2003. For preterm cesarean section referents were ...
Keogh Edmund - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The successful management of pain from normal or interventional delivery is an important part of women's experience of childbirth. Our objective was to examine psychosocial factors (expectations, control beliefs, anxiety sensitivity) as measured in mothers and birth partners before an elective cesarean section. We focused on the impact that ...
Ly Ngoc P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms for the association between birth by cesarean section and atopy and asthma are largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether cesarean section results in neonatal secretion of cytokines that are associated with increased risk of atopy and/or asthma in childhood. To examine whether the association between mode of ...
Fraser W D - - 2006
Early amniotomy has been advocated as a component of the active management of labour. Several randomised trials comparing routine amniotomy to an attempt to conserve the membranes have been published. Their limited sample sizes limit their ability to address the effects of amniotomy on indicators of maternal and neonatal morbidity. ...
Adlerberth Ingegerd - - 2006
The modern Western lifestyle may have altered the composition of the commensal microflora. Here, we investigated the first year's intestinal colonization pattern in 99 vaginally delivered Swedish infants and 17 delivered by cesarean section. Rectal swabs obtained at 3 d of age were cultured for aerobic bacteria and fecal samples ...
Berghella Vincenzo - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to provide evidenced-based guidance for surgical decisions during cesarean delivery. STUDY DESIGN: We performed MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, and COCHRANE searches with the terms cesarean section, cesarean delivery, cesarean, pregnancy, randomized trials, and each technical aspect of cesarean delivery. All randomized trials that covered ...
Fornells-Ambrojo Miriam - - 2005
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to follow up Trower and Chadwick's (1995) proposal that there are two types of paranoia: poor me paranoia, in which the persecution is believed to be undeserved, and bad me paranoia, in which the persecution is seen as a deserved punishment. METHOD: A ...
Rochelson Burton - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: A major risk of trials of labor in patients with prior cesarean delivery is uterine rupture. We evaluated the question of whether a previous cesarean delivery at an early gestational age predisposes the patient to subsequent uterine rupture. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of patients delivering at ...
Gadsden Jeff - - 2005
Post-cesarean delivery pain relief is important. Good pain relief will improve mobility and can reduce the risk of thromboembolic disease, which is increased during pregnancy. Pain may also impair the mother's ability to optimally care for her infant in the immediate postpartum period and may adversely affect early interactions between ...
Beksinska Mags - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This multisite, randomized, crossover trial comparing the performance of the Reality female condom (FC1) with a new synthetic latex prototype (FC2) was conducted in Durban, South Africa. METHOD: In total, 276 women were enrolled and 201 women completed the study. Altogether, 1910 FC1 condoms and 1,881 FC2 condoms were ...
Riskin Arieh - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors and to characterize infants with transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN). A total of 67 newborns with TTN, born at gestational age (GA)>or=35 weeks, were studied. Newborns delivered before and after each study case served as controls. Mean GA was ...
Snyder Charles L - - 2005
Cesarean delivery for infants with gastroschisis has not been clearly demonstrated to produce superior outcomes compared with vaginal delivery; however, it not clear whether this has been translated into common clinical practice. Therefore, we analyzed the shifts in type of delivery during the last three decades at our institution. The ...
Aldana-Valenzuela Carlos - - 2005
We present a full-term female infant with congenital candidiasis characterized by extensive vesicular and pustular skin lesions associated with pneumonia and severe respiratory distress that appeared during the first hours after birth. The patient was born by cesarean section with no history of rupture of membranes. The mother had a ...
Bujold Emmanuel - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between maternal body mass index and obstetrical outcome in patients with a prior cesarean undergoing a trial of labor versus elective repeat cesarean. STUDY DESIGN: A perinatal database between 1991 and 1997 was used to identify secundipara at term after a previous cesarean section. In ...
Kjellberg Ann Thurin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Transfer of several embryos after IVF results in a high multiple birth rate associated with increased morbidity and high costs for the neonatal care. In a previous randomized trial we demonstrated that a single embryo transfer (SET) strategy, including one fresh single embryo transfer and, if no live birth, ...
McElduff Aidan - - 2005
CONTEXT: Many developed countries are reexperiencing iodine deficiency. One World Health Organization index of iodine deficiency in populations is the percentage of neonates with TSH levels greater than 5 mIU/liter 72 h after delivery. Measured TSH levels vary with methodology and are influenced by external factors including iodine exposure at ...
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