Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1453
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Foley Michael E - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this analysis was to study the relationship between an increasing cesarean delivery rate and term neonatal seizures and peripartum deaths. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective analysis of annually collated institutional data on cesarean delivery and perinatal outcome. RESULTS: Of 77,350 women who delivered at 37 ...
Moore Mary Lou - - 2005
Cesarean birth rates in the United States reached a high of 27.6% in 2003, a 6% increase over 2002. A cultural conflict appears to exist between the views of those who believe that birth is normal and many cesareans are unnecessary and the views of those who feel that higher ...
Thommasen Harvey V - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe obstetric procedures (episiotomy, forceps, vacuum extraction, caesarean section) and maternal outcomes for patients who gave birth in an isolated, rural hospital. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. Study population: Women beyond 20 weeks' gestation who gave birth between Mar. 7, 1940, and June 9, 2001, inclusive, at the ...
Sone Kosei - - 2005
Many biomechanical and theoretical studies have been based on the pipe-model theory, according to which a tree is regarded as an assemblage of pipes, each having the same amount of leaf area or leaf mass. However, the physiological mechanisms underlying the theory have not been extensively examined, particularly at the ...
Kontopoulos Eftichia V - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine if neonatal mortality rates (NMR) based on birth weight discordance (BWD) differ based on mode of delivery. STUDY DESIGN: The population-based US "matched multiple birth" database (1995 to 1998) was used to examine the effect of vaginal/vaginal (VV) and cesarean/cesarean (CC) ...
Hindawi Ibrahim M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the Jordanian cesarean rate and to examine the related indications for cesarean section (CS) in comparison with international rates. METHODS: Between 1990 to 2001, there were 243271 deliveries at 7 major military hospitals, (King Hussein Medical Center; Queen Alia Hospital, Amman; Prince Hashem ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare neonatal survival of infants with gastroschisis by mode of delivery. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study on infants with gastroschisis who were delivered in New York State from 1983 through 1999. We compared neonatal mortality between infants born vaginally and those delivered by cesarean ...
Hannah Mary E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to compare maternal outcomes at 2 years postpartum after planned cesarean section and planned vaginal birth for the singleton fetus in breech presentation at term. STUDY DESIGN: In selected centers in the Term Breech Trial, mothers completed a structured questionnaire at 2 or more years ...
Walsh Denis - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Over the last two decades, childbirth worldwide has been increasingly concentrated in large centralized hospitals, with a parallel trend toward more birth interventions. At the same time in several countries, interest in midwife-led care and free-standing birth centers has steadily increased. The objective of this review is to establish ...
McFarlin Barbara L - - 2004
Is elective cesarean birth an issue of a woman's autonomy to choose her mode of birth or fear of labor by both the patient and the providers? Are women consenting to this procedure truly informed about the short-term and long-term risks associated with cesarean birth versus vaginal birth? This article ...
Cheng Behling - - 2004
To follow up an investigation which studied effects of antenatal dexamethasone therapy on neonatal respiratory performance in multifetal gestations, neonatal serum steroids were determined by HPLC. A major peak (X) whose retention time coincided with that of dexamethasone was observed in many, but not all, serum samples. However, there was ...
Królak-Olejnik Barbara - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was the evaluation of CD3+/TCR alphabeta and CD3+/TCR gammadelta lymphocytes in the cord blood of the preterm neonates. METHODS: The study included 26 term neonates as a control group delivered both by spontaneous labor and by cesarean section and 41 preterm neonates: (i) by ...
Hendler Israel - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We sought to study the effects of prior vaginal delivery or prior vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC) on the success of a trial of labor after a cesarean delivery. METHODS: An observational study of patients who underwent a trial of labor after a single low-transverse cesarean delivery. Patients ...
Culligan Patrick J - - 2005
Our aim was to determine the cost-effectiveness of a policy of elective C-section for macrosomic infants to prevent maternal anal incontinence, urinary incontinence, and newborn brachial plexus injuries. We used a decision analytic model to compare the standard of care with a policy whereby all primigravid patients in the United ...
Mohseni-Bod Hadi - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Somatostatin and its analogs have recently been introduced in the treatment of chylous effusions in infants and children following surgery. The safety profile of this treatment in critically ill patients has not been fully evaluated. DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: Tertiary pediatric cardiac center. PATIENTS: A male infant born ...
Gould Jeffrey B - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the relationship between case-mix adjusted cesarean delivery rates and neonatal morbidity and mortality in infants born to low-risk mothers. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used vital and administrative data for 748,604 California singletons born without congenital abnormalities in 1998-2000. A total of 282 institutions was classified as ...
Chauhan Suneet P - - 2004
The objective of this study was to compare the risk factors and peripartum outcomes among patients who had nonelective cesarean delivery with umbilical arterial pH < versus > or = 7.00. A case-control study of parturients who delivered by nonelective cesarean delivery and had a neonate with a pH < ...
Pinette M G - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) revised its practice bulletin on vaginal birth after Cesarean (VBAC) in October 1998 and July 1999 to require the presence of a surgeon, anesthesiologist and operating personnel throughout the trial of labor for patients with prior Cesarean. This study measures the ...
McDonald Denise G M - - 2004
Neonatal encephalopathy (NE) remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the term infant, and many cases have an antepartum, rather than an intrapartum, etiology. Chronic processes such as thrombosis result in changes in the placenta. We sought to determine whether histopathological examination of the placenta in cases of ...
Szymankiewicz Marta - - 2004
In spite of much ethical uncertainty and wide variations in obstetric and neonatal outcomes reported in the literature, we have studied the outcome of Polish newborns after assisted reproductive technology (ART). In all of our patients, both obstetrics and neonatal care were performed in the Level Three Center in Poznan, ...
Duarte Geraldo - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine changes in the incidence of vaginal deliveries, cesarean sections, and forceps deliveries and their potential association with fetal, early neonatal, and perinatal mortality rates over time. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out and the occurrence of deliveries supervised by university services between January 1991 and December ...
Littleford Judith - - 2004
PURPOSE: To review the effects of maternal anesthesia and analgesia on the fetus and newborn. METHODS: An on-line computerized search of Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Collaboration via PubMed was conducted. English language articles were selected. The bibliographies of relevant articles and additional material from other published sources were retrieved ...
Durnwald Celeste - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To identify predictors of successful trial of labor in women after one low transverse Cesarean delivery and no prior deliveries, and to assess perinatal morbidity associated with a failed vaginal birth after Cesarean delivery (VBAC). METHODS: Retrospective chart review of women with one low transverse Cesarean delivery in their ...
Kalish Robin B - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to investigate the incidence of intrapartum patient choice cesarean delivery-patients' requesting cesarean delivery and physicians' offering it during labor-and factors possibly influencing these requests and offers. METHODS: For a 6-month period from May 1, 2002, to October 31, 2002, obstetricians were asked to ...
Hoffman Matthew K - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to examine factors that were associated with uterine rupture in patients attempting vaginal birth after cesarean delivery. We analyzed the results of all patients attempting vaginal birth after cesarean delivery between September 1996 to December 1999 at a single institution using a contemporaneously maintained ...
Oyelese Yinka - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate outcomes and predictors of neonatal survival in pregnancies complicated by vasa previa and to compare outcomes in prenatally diagnosed cases of vasa previa with those not diagnosed prenatally. METHODS: We performed a multicenter study of 155 pregnancies complicated by vasa previa. Cases were obtained from the Vasa ...
Aina-Mumuney Abimbola J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether dilation of the fetal stomach is associated with increased perinatal complications in infants with prenatally diagnosed gastroschisis. STUDY DESIGN: From 34 newborn infants with gastroschisis who were delivered at our institution over a 10-year period, 2 groups were analyzed on ...
Zanardo Vincenzo - - 2004
The aim of this case-control study was to determine whether unplanned resuscitation using a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is suitable for neonates delivered by elective cesarean section, a procedure known to carry a risk of inadequate physiological response to birth with a consequent adverse respiratory outcome. During a 3-year period, ...
Sandmire H F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to outline in a stepwise fashion a life-saving management sequence for catastrophic shoulder dystocia. METHOD: Five cases of catastrophic shoulder dystocia are analyzed to determine optimal management when confronted with this terrifying obstetric complication. RESULT: The management of these five cases reveals the ...
Forna Fatu - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence, risk factors, indications, outcomes, and complications of emergency hysterectomy performed after cesarean deliveries (cesarean hysterectomy) and vaginal deliveries (postpartum hysterectomy). STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study from 1990 to 2002 of patients who had peripartum hysterectomies at ...
Puligandla Pramod S - - 2004
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The optimal mode of delivery for infants with gastroschisis is controversial. The authors compared the outcomes of infants with gastroschisis born vaginally (VD) or by cesarean section (CS). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of infants with gastroschisis born between 1990 and 2000 was performed. Assessment included patient demographics, respiratory distress, ...
Lurie Samuel - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the decision to delivery interval (DDI) in our obstetric unit in comparison to current recommendations. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of all non-elective cesarean sections during a 10 months period in a delivery ward of a university tertiary health care facility ...
Al-Ojaimi Eftekhar H - - 2004
A 37-year-old Pakistani lady, who had previously undergone one cesarean delivery and one uterine curettage, was admitted to the labor ward at 29 weeks of gestation with history of a sudden severe painless vaginal bleeding from a sonographically diagnosed placenta previa. An immediate cesarean section was performed and a live ...
Loebel G - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal and fetal outcomes after elective repeat Cesarean section versus a trial of labor in women after one prior uterine scar. STUDY DESIGN: All women with a previous single low transverse Cesarean section delivered at term with no contraindications to vaginal delivery were retrospectively identified in our ...
Bricca Gregory M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: There is significant debate over the use of frozen section processing in Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) for melanoma. Opponents argue that individual melanocytes are too subtle to view consistently on frozen sections. On the other hand, proponents state that (1) melanocytes are visible on well-prepared frozen sections and (2) ...
Guise Jeanne-Marie - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the benefits and harms of vaginal birth after cesarean compared with repeat cesarean delivery. DATA SOURCES: The computerized databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, HealthSTAR, Cochrane CENTRAL, and National Centre for Reviews and Dissemination Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effectiveness, along with reference lists and national experts, were used ...
Avery Melissa D - - 2004
A recent trend discouraging or not offering women a choice to labor after a cesarean birth has resulted in higher cesarean birth rates and lower rates of vaginal birth after cesarean birth (VBAC). The few studies describing midwifery practice have demonstrated favorable outcomes; however, the studies are too small to ...
Linton Andrea - - 2004
BACKGROUND: National rates of cesarean birth continue a three decade-long escalation, despite widespread recognition that a reduction in the use of the procedure is a continuing appropriate public health goal, as evidenced by the Healthy People 2010 reduction targets. Nonclinical factors associated with cesarean delivery include maternal age, race, socioeconomic ...
Nasrallah Fayez K - - 2004
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the current guideline of 30-minute decision-to-incision interval (D-I) in emergent cesarean delivery (ECD) on neonatal and maternal outcomes. A retrospective chart review was conducted of pregnant women who underwent ECDs between January 1999 and December 2001. The overall median ...
Negele Kathrin - - 2004
It has been hypothesized that cesarean delivery might have an impact on the development of atopic diseases because of its gut flora modulating properties. In the present study, we analysed the association between cesarean delivery and atopic diseases using data of 2500 infants enrolled in the LISA-Study, a German prospective ...
Wen Shi Wu - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To explore the reasons for the high rate of intrapartum fetal death observed in a remote and indigent population in China. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted an epidemiologic analysis of determinants of intrapartum fetal death in a sample of 20,891 births in 18 hospitals participating in the Qingyuan Perinatal Surveillance ...
Wu Hsi-Yang - - 2004
PURPOSE: A change in calcium handling has been proposed as the cause of decreased maximal force generation by neonatal bladders with growth. Recent studies suggest that increased myosin heavy chain isoform SM1 increases force generation. We studied force generation in neonatal mouse bladders to determine if decreases in SM1 corresponded ...
Brantberg A - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Infants with gastroschisis have a high survival rate. However, the rate (10-15%) of intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) is considerable, and the association with fetal distress is well known. The aim of this study was to describe the outcome of fetuses with a prenatal diagnosis of gastroschisis. The impact of ...
Cohain Judy Slome - - 2004
Socialized medicine provides free and easily accessible prenatal and intrapartum care in Israel. Mothers also receive the equivalent of dollars 100 to dollars 300 after delivering in hospital. The infant mortality rate is 5.5 per 1000 live births. Uncomplicated births (80%) are attended by midwives. Midwives routinely rupture membranes, attach ...
Kabir Azad A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the temporal trends and factors that are associated with cesarean deliveries and potentially unnecessary cesarean deliveries. STUDY DESIGN: The Louisiana birth certificate database was evaluated to identify a total of 57 potential indications/risk factors and maternal demographic factors that are associated ...
Blickstein Isaac - - 2004
Cesarean section is commonly perceived as a simple and safe alternative to difficult vaginal birth. However, several trends in obstetrical practice may act in concert to cause impaction of the fetal head during the second stage of labor or, more commonly, following failed instrumental delivery. Subsequently, difficult and potentially traumatic ...
Koscica Karen L - - 2004
Our objective was to describe the change in the level of troponin I in patients who undergo a vaginal or cesarean delivery. We obtained troponin I levels on admission and 1 hour after delivery in women undergoing vaginal and cesarean deliveries. Exclusion criteria included <37 weeks' gestation, a history of ...
Chia Ee Ling - - 2004
We document the value of non-invasive fetal electrocardiography (fECG) in a case of fetal arrhythmia in which an unnecessary cesarean section was almost performed. The fetal heart rate (fHR) was 60-70 beats per minute (bpm) on the cardiotocography (CTG), with occasional, sudden fluctuations to 130 bpm. This was probably a ...
Kakaiya R - - 2004
A 24-year old female, gravida III, para III, delivered a full-term infant by cesarean section. A maternal blood sample at the time of admission showed antibody in her serum that had apparent anti-e specificity and that her RBCs were e+. Further studies determined that the antibody was anti-hrS. Cord RBCs ...
Tampakoudis P - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the overall cesarean section rates and indications in a Greek teaching hospital over a period of 24 years. METHOD: Data from 34,575 deliveries between 1977 and 2000 were reviewed. Analysis of cesarean section rates and indications followed. RESULTS: The overall cesarean section rate increased progressively from 13.8% ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >