Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1452
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Yeh John - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The national rate of vaginal birth after cesarean delivery decreased by 55% between 1996 and 2002. The objective of this investigation was to determine, in our population in upstate New York, whether this decline in the vaginal birth after cesarean delivery rate was due to temporal changes in the ...
David M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Investigation of the reasons for the transfer of women from a birth centre to a hospital in the course of childbirth as well as modalities and effects. PATIENTS AND METHOD: In the prospective investigation from September 1, 1999 to August 31, 2001, information was collected for all women in ...
Muhuri Pradip K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between method of delivery (primary cesarean section vs. vaginal) and neonatal mortality risk (as well as causes of death) among very low-birth weight first-born infants in the United States. More specifically, to examine this association separately for breech/malpresenting and vertex-presenting infants, while adjusting for selected ...
Lee Henry Chong - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To identify the indications for and any survival advantage associated with very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates delivered by cesarean. METHODS: Maternal and infant data from the National Center for Health Statistics linked birth/death data set for 1999 to 2000 were analyzed. Maternal conditions associated with cesarean delivery were ...
Okada H - - 2006
Leukocytapheresis has recently been used to induce remission in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) who fail to respond to corticosteroids. We could not find a report in the literature on leukocytapheresis for UC with gestational exacerbation. We have recently encountered this unique condition and report the details here. A 30-year-old ...
Lothian Judith A - - 2006
The cesarean rate has reached an all-time high at 29.1% of all births in the United States. In this column, the risks inherent in cesareans are discussed within the context of the current climate of "intervention-intensive" labor and birth, forced cesareans, the precipitate decrease in vaginal births after cesarean, and ...
Högberg U - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To describe indications for cesarean section for extremely preterm delivery, peri- and postoperative complications and perinatal outcome. DESIGN: A case-referent study with clinical follow-up. SETTING: A tertiary perinatal center. POPULATION: All deliveries at gestational age <28 weeks at Umeå University Hospital in 1997-2003. For preterm cesarean section referents were ...
Keogh Edmund - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The successful management of pain from normal or interventional delivery is an important part of women's experience of childbirth. Our objective was to examine psychosocial factors (expectations, control beliefs, anxiety sensitivity) as measured in mothers and birth partners before an elective cesarean section. We focused on the impact that ...
Ly Ngoc P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms for the association between birth by cesarean section and atopy and asthma are largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether cesarean section results in neonatal secretion of cytokines that are associated with increased risk of atopy and/or asthma in childhood. To examine whether the association between mode of ...
Fraser W D - - 2006
Early amniotomy has been advocated as a component of the active management of labour. Several randomised trials comparing routine amniotomy to an attempt to conserve the membranes have been published. Their limited sample sizes limit their ability to address the effects of amniotomy on indicators of maternal and neonatal morbidity. ...
Adlerberth Ingegerd - - 2006
The modern Western lifestyle may have altered the composition of the commensal microflora. Here, we investigated the first year's intestinal colonization pattern in 99 vaginally delivered Swedish infants and 17 delivered by cesarean section. Rectal swabs obtained at 3 d of age were cultured for aerobic bacteria and fecal samples ...
Berghella Vincenzo - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to provide evidenced-based guidance for surgical decisions during cesarean delivery. STUDY DESIGN: We performed MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, and COCHRANE searches with the terms cesarean section, cesarean delivery, cesarean, pregnancy, randomized trials, and each technical aspect of cesarean delivery. All randomized trials that covered ...
Fornells-Ambrojo Miriam - - 2005
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to follow up Trower and Chadwick's (1995) proposal that there are two types of paranoia: poor me paranoia, in which the persecution is believed to be undeserved, and bad me paranoia, in which the persecution is seen as a deserved punishment. METHOD: A ...
Rochelson Burton - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: A major risk of trials of labor in patients with prior cesarean delivery is uterine rupture. We evaluated the question of whether a previous cesarean delivery at an early gestational age predisposes the patient to subsequent uterine rupture. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of patients delivering at ...
Gadsden Jeff - - 2005
Post-cesarean delivery pain relief is important. Good pain relief will improve mobility and can reduce the risk of thromboembolic disease, which is increased during pregnancy. Pain may also impair the mother's ability to optimally care for her infant in the immediate postpartum period and may adversely affect early interactions between ...
Beksinska Mags - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This multisite, randomized, crossover trial comparing the performance of the Reality female condom (FC1) with a new synthetic latex prototype (FC2) was conducted in Durban, South Africa. METHOD: In total, 276 women were enrolled and 201 women completed the study. Altogether, 1910 FC1 condoms and 1,881 FC2 condoms were ...
Riskin Arieh - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors and to characterize infants with transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN). A total of 67 newborns with TTN, born at gestational age (GA)>or=35 weeks, were studied. Newborns delivered before and after each study case served as controls. Mean GA was ...
Snyder Charles L - - 2005
Cesarean delivery for infants with gastroschisis has not been clearly demonstrated to produce superior outcomes compared with vaginal delivery; however, it not clear whether this has been translated into common clinical practice. Therefore, we analyzed the shifts in type of delivery during the last three decades at our institution. The ...
Aldana-Valenzuela Carlos - - 2005
We present a full-term female infant with congenital candidiasis characterized by extensive vesicular and pustular skin lesions associated with pneumonia and severe respiratory distress that appeared during the first hours after birth. The patient was born by cesarean section with no history of rupture of membranes. The mother had a ...
Bujold Emmanuel - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between maternal body mass index and obstetrical outcome in patients with a prior cesarean undergoing a trial of labor versus elective repeat cesarean. STUDY DESIGN: A perinatal database between 1991 and 1997 was used to identify secundipara at term after a previous cesarean section. In ...
Kjellberg Ann Thurin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Transfer of several embryos after IVF results in a high multiple birth rate associated with increased morbidity and high costs for the neonatal care. In a previous randomized trial we demonstrated that a single embryo transfer (SET) strategy, including one fresh single embryo transfer and, if no live birth, ...
McElduff Aidan - - 2005
CONTEXT: Many developed countries are reexperiencing iodine deficiency. One World Health Organization index of iodine deficiency in populations is the percentage of neonates with TSH levels greater than 5 mIU/liter 72 h after delivery. Measured TSH levels vary with methodology and are influenced by external factors including iodine exposure at ...
Boulet Sheree L - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We describe national trends in cesarean delivery rates among macrosomic infants during 1989 to 2000 and evaluate the maternal characteristics and risk factors for macrosomic infants delivered by cesarean section as compared to macrosomic infants delivered vaginally. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed US 1989 to 2000 Natality files, selecting term ...
Cazan-London Gianina - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to compare the costs and health outcomes of 2 management options when encountering a 24-week gestation in labor. STUDY DESIGN: We constructed a decision model for willingness versus unwillingness to perform cesarean section for fetal indication (aggressive vs nonaggressive management). We modeled chance nodes for ...
Letti Müller Ana Lúcia - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the expulsion rates of intrauterine devices (IUDs) inserted in the immediate postpartum after vaginal birth and cesarean section. METHODS: Nineteen patients who had a vaginal birth and 19 patients who had a cesarean section at Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil, were selected for copper T ...
Gordon Adrienne - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to determine the incidence and type of resuscitation required for infants delivered by both elective and emergency cesarean section relative to spontaneous vaginal delivery. STUDY DESIGN: A hospital-based cohort study from 1990 to 2002. Information was extracted from a prospectively collected database on term (>/=37 ...
Latendresse Gwen - - 2005
Our objective was to describe the outcomes of intended home birth among 57 women with a previous cesarean birth. Data were drawn from a larger prospective study of intended homebirth in nurse-midwifery practice. Available data included demographics, perinatal risk information, and outcomes of prenatal, intrapartum, postpartum, and neonatal care. The ...
Lynch Nancy - - 2005
To determine whether having cesarean section capability in an isolated rural community makes a difference in adverse maternal or perinatal outcomes. Retrospective study comparing population-based obstetric outcomes of two rural remote hospitals in northwestern British Columbia. One hospital had cesarean section capability; one did not. Bella Coola General Hospital (with ...
Gungor Sadettin - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIM: There are controversies about the routine use of oronasopharyngeal suction (ONPS) in healthy infants. This study aimed to compare the effects of oronasopharyngeal suction with those of no suction in normal, term infants delivered by cesarean section. METHODS: 140 term, healthy newborns of uncomplicated pregnancies were prospectively randomized to ...
Pasquier Jean-Charles - - 2005
OBJECTIVE(S): Description of mothers' characteristics, obstetricians' practices, and PPROM-linked mortality in all 81 maternity hospitals in the Rhône-Alpes Region, over a period of 2 years. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of 598 women with PPROM between 24 and 34 weeks' gestation, leading to 680 births. At time of PPROM, collection ...
Hemminki Elina - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of delivery on problems in subsequent births. STUDY DESIGN: This was a cohort study that used register data for 73,104 mothers who had their first birth from 1987 to 1989 and subsequent births from 1987 to1998. Three analyses were ...
Mollberg Margareta - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Obstetrical brachial plexus palsy (OBPP) is a serious form of neonatal morbidity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to study the incidence of OBPP and to analyze its risk factors. METHODS: This is a population-based retrospective case-control study. All deliveries recorded in the Swedish Medical Birth Registry between ...
Katz Vern - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The recommendation to perform a perimortem cesarean delivery within 4 minutes of maternal cardiac arrest was introduced in 1986. This recommendation was based on the assumptions that cardiopulmonary resuscitation is ineffective in the third trimester because of aortocaval compression, and that fetal and perhaps maternal outcomes would be optimized ...
Chitkara Yoginder K - - 2005
There are wide variations in the preparation of histologic sections from endoscopic esophageal biopsy specimens. We evaluated serial step sections from 261 esophageal or gastroesophageal junction biopsies at 4 levels to determine the first level at which goblet cell metaplasia (GCM) was detected. Deeper step sections of 152 paraffin blocks ...
Kenton Kimberly - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine opinions of obstetrician-gynecologists regarding vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) section and elective cesarean section. STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire was administered to obstetrician-gynecologists attending 2 review courses. RESULTS: Of 500 obstetrician-gynecologists, 304 completed the survey for a response rate of 61%. Most (92%) counseled ...
Fogelson Nicholas S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The object of this study was to compare neonatal outcomes of term uncomplicated pregnancies delivered by scheduled repeat cesarean with outcomes of babies born to mothers intending to deliver vaginally. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study describes neonatal outcomes of term uncomplicated pregnancies. Neonates of mothers intending to deliver ...
Lee Hyung-Yul - - 2005
In the United States, both medical and nonmedical factors have driven the cesarean section rate to over 26% of all deliveries. In addition to questions of increased cost associated with operative delivery, some have questioned the ethics of performing cesarean section for nonmedical reasons. Reduction of both the duration and ...
Maslovitz Sharon - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Foreign workers in Israel are not covered by the comprehensive medical insurance that all Israelis receive. They have national insurance and injury-related coverage, which does not include routine pregnancy follow-up OBJECTIVES: To compare perinatal outcome between partially insured non-resident migrants in Israel and comprehensively insured Israeli women. METHODS: Parameters ...
Meikle Susan F - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We describe national trends for elective primary cesarean delivery from 1994 to 2001, with attention to changes in indications. METHODS: We used data from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample. Cesarean deliveries were identified by International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification procedure and diagnostic ...
Witt Michael - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether volumetric bladder ultrasound (VBUS) determinations improve the rate of successful pediatric catheterizations and caregiver satisfaction. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was conducted at an urban academic emergency department. Patients younger than 36 months requiring diagnostic urine samples were randomized into one of two groups: VBUS or ...
Park Chai Soon - - 2005
This study defined the structural patterns of subjectivity in the perception of cesarean birth. Q methodology was used on 71 statements collected through interviews with seven persons and a literature review followed. Twenty-nine Q samples were selected and administered to 22 persons, and four types of subjectivity were revealed by ...
Quiñones Joanne N - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) success and uterine rupture rates between preterm and term gestations in women with a history of one prior cesarean delivery. Our hypothesis was that preterm women undergoing VBAC were more likely to be successful and have a lower rate of ...
Hoff Jana Midelfart - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of maternal Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) on pregnancy and delivery. METHODS: Data from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway 1967 to 2002 were surveyed. This registry has compulsory notification of all births. One hundred eight births by mothers with CMT were identified. The reference group consisted ...
Lavezzi Anna Maria - - 2005
The aim of this study was to reconstruct dynamic biological steps of human atherosclerosis at different ages of life and, in particular, to clarify the role of the smooth muscle cells (SMCs) by means of evaluation of several markers implicated in proliferative diseases (c-fos, proliferating cell nuclear antigen: PCNA, apoptosis, ...
Vintzileos Anthony M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the risks of stillbirth and neonatal and infant deaths in triplets, according to mode of delivery. STUDY DESIGN: We used the "matched multiple birth" data file that was comprised of triple births that were delivered in the United States in the ...
Phipps Maureen G - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for bladder injury during cesarean delivery so as to inform patients and practitioners of these risks. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of women undergoing cesarean delivery at Women and Infants Hospital between January 1995 and December 2002. Cases were women with bladder injuries at ...
Zhao S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study the significance of some clinical parameters related to neonatal 'swimming' (water therapy) during hospitalization. METHODS: Normal newborns were randomly divided into two groups to observe their birth weight, weight before discharge,time of first defecation and meconium turning yellow. Group one was the swimming (study) group, comprising a ...
Preis Krzysztof - - 2005
AIMS: To follow the development of children born with myelomeningocoele. METHODS: We followed 54 infants born with myelomeningocele between 1991 and 2001 in the Obstetrical Department of the Medical University of Gdansk, Poland. RESULTS: The mortality rate for live births was 40.8%. 13.0% of the children were stillborn and 5.5% ...
Aslan Erdogan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: As in most other autoimmune diseases, Sjögren's syndrome is seen predominantly in women. Since the peak age is around the late reproductive and early postmenopausal period, the obstetric aspect has not been well studied. CASE: A 28-years-old woman, pregnant for 22 weeks and 5 days, was admitted with worsening ...
Foley Michael E - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this analysis was to study the relationship between an increasing cesarean delivery rate and term neonatal seizures and peripartum deaths. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective analysis of annually collated institutional data on cesarean delivery and perinatal outcome. RESULTS: Of 77,350 women who delivered at 37 ...
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