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Serva Waldmiro Antônio Diégues - - 2012
To observe postpartum migraine recurrence among migraine sufferers before pregnancy, its classifications and associated factors and to compare women, who were exclusively breastfeeding, with those that used other forms of infant feeding. Out of 686 consecutively assisted women, at the first postnatal week, 266 were identified as migraine sufferers before ...
Woods C W - - 2012
SimplyThick(®)(ST) has been safely used as a thickener to treat adults who have dysphagia, but the safety of this product has not been studied in premature infants. Xanthan gum is the ingredient in ST that results in thickening and also is an effective laxative. We recently began using ST to ...
Padidela Raja - - 2012
Human growth hormone receptor (GHR) transcripts have two isoforms, full-length (GHRfl) or exon 3 deleted (GHRd3). An association of these isoforms has been found with small for gestational age (SGA) infants but does not influence adult height. The role of this polymorphism in the birth size spectrum in the general ...
Gompels U A UA Department of Pathogen Molecular Biology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, UK. - - 2012
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) coinfections have been shown to increase infant morbidity, mortality, and AIDS progression. In HIV-endemic regions, maternal HIV-exposed but HIV-uninfected infants, which is the majority of children affected by HIV, also show poor growth and increased morbidity. Although nutrition has been examined, the ...
Margaret Weigel M - - 2012
Size at birth is an important indicator of future infant morbidity and mortality. Ethnic/racial disparities in birth weight and other fetal growth outcomes are well documented for US and Canadian minority groups but not for those in Latin America. The study compared the growth outcomes of 1,227 full-term Ecuadorian newborns ...
Giannì Maria Lorella - - 2012
The aim of nutrition in neonatology is to achieve a healthy growth that mimics, both in terms of growth rates and quality of growth, that of a normal fetus of the same gestational age. In addition, providing an optimal amount and quality of nutrients significantly contributes to the attainment of ...
Weaver Lawrence - - 2012
Our modern understanding of infant nutrition and feeding arose out of a constellation of scientific discoveries made more than 100years ago. With the emergence of chemistry and physiology in the late 18th century, the analysis of foods, metabolic and energy balance studies, calorimetry, cell theory and measurements of growth and ...
Griffin Ian J - - 2012
The long-term effects of prematurity, early diet and catch-up growth on metabolic risk and body adiposity are of increasing interest to Neonatologists. Poor growth is known to be associated with poorer neuro-developmental outcome but concern exists that increased rates of "catch-up" (or "recovery") growth may be associated with increased adiposity ...
Boghossian Nansi S - - 2012
Data on birth weight for gestational age (GA) are not well described for infants with trisomy 21 (T21), trisomy 18 (T18), or trisomy 13 (T13). We report on anthropometric charts of infants with these conditions using data from the Vermont Oxford Network (VON). Data from a total of 5,147 infants ...
Choo Hyeran - - 2012
SUMMARY:: This article introduces a modified device fabrication and facial taping method that increases the efficiency and efficacy of presurgical infant maxillary orthopedic therapy for babies born with complete cleft lip and palate. Interarch and intra-arch relationships of the maxillary and mandibular dental arches were evaluated on mounted stone models ...
Hambidge K Michael - - 2012
The objectives were to determine the range of maternal height associated with growth velocity of older infants and the magnitude of this association in an indigent population. Maternal height and infant length-for-age z scores (LAZ) were positively correlated at both 6 (n = 412, r = 0.324) and 12 (n = 388, r = 0.335) months (P < 0.0001) and ...
Johnson William W Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, - - 2012
To investigate secular trends in weight and length growth from birth to 3 years of age in infants born from 1930 to 2008, and to assess whether these trends were associated with concurrent trends in pace of infant skeletal maturation and maternal body mass index. Longitudinal weight and length data ...
Kaur Harvinder - - 2011
AIMS: To study longitudinal growth pattern of head circumference of full-term symmetric and asymmetric small for gestational age (SGA) infants of the two sexes during first year of life. STUDY DESIGN: Mixed-longitudinal growth research design. SUBJECTS: Head circumference amongst full-term 100 symmetric, 100 asymmetric as well as 100 appropriate for ...
Binns Colin - - 2011
Aim:  The aim is to review the implications of the introduction of new World Health Organisation (WHO) growth reference into Australia, and in particular its potential effects on breastfeeding rates in the first six months of life. Methods:  A review of the velocity and trajectory of growth in the new ...
Muraskas Jonathan K - - 2011
Long-term growth and developmental data are presented for the smallest and third smallest surviving newborns in the world literature to 5 and 20 years of age, respectively. Both patients exhibited normal motor and language development. Although head circumference for both newborns demonstrated catchup growth, significant differences in height and weight ...
Horemuzova E - - 2012
To provide growth charts for clinical monitoring of extra-uterine growth from birth to full-term age, in infants born before 26 weeks of gestation, hospitalized at neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), and compare it to the commonly used Swedish preterm birth-size reference. This retrospective longitudinal cohort comprised all infants born before ...
Merlob Paul - - 2011
Use of 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate for the prevention of spontaneous preterm birth in women at risk is reviewed. Early studies regarding this topic reached contradicting conclusions, however recent studies showed that weekly injections of 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate beginning at 16-20weeks' gestation resulted in a substantial reduction in the rate of spontaneous recurrent ...
Touwslager Robbert N RN Department of Pediatrics, Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht, School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism, Netherlands. - - 2011
Accelerated infant growth is a possible explanation for the relation between birth weight and adult diseases. The aim of this study was to estimate the heritability of infant growth and to examine whether the genetic contribution changes with increasing or decreasing birth weight and gestational age. Growth (change in weight ...
Lin Yung-Chieh - - 2011
The outcome of extremely low birth weight (ELBW, ≤1000g) infants has recently been improved in Taiwan. However, their postdischarge anthropometry and development have seldom been explored. We report these results for ELBW infants at corrected age of 2 years in a tertiary care center. This descriptive and retrospective study enrolled ...
Hui L L - - 2011
PURPOSE: Infant growth and early puberty are associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease. It is unclear whether pubertal timing has an independent etiologic role or is a marker of preceding growth. We examined whether infant growth was associated with age at pubertal onset and whether any associations were mediated ...
Tam Emily W Y - - 2011
As survival rates of preterm newborns improve as a result of better medical management, these children increasingly show impaired cognition. These adverse cognitive outcomes are associated with decreases in the volume of the cerebellum. Because animals exhibit reduced preterm cerebellar growth after perinatal exposure to glucocorticoids, we sought to determine ...
Sharma Monika - - 2011
Preterm birth results in poor accretion of bone minerals and development of rickets of prematurity. Poor skeletal growth is one of the long term morbidities of this condition, which is said to have a lesser effect on the skull growth. The present study was a retrospective observational study to compare ...
van de Lagemaat Monique - - 2011
Preterms need supplementation with docosahexaenoic (DHA) and arachidonic (AA) acids to prevent steep postnatal declines. Associations between growth and erythrocyte (RBC) DHA and AA were studied in 139 preterms (51% male, gestational age 30.3±1.5 weeks, birth weight 1341±288g) fed human milk with breast milk fortifier or preterm formula until term, ...
Orfeo Luigi - - 2011
High order gestation rates have increased in many western countries in the last decades, which is mostly attributable to a contemporaneous increase in maternal age and infertility treatment. Multiple births have been associated with increased maternal and foetal morbidity and mortality during pregnancy and delivery, including the higher risk for ...
Russo Gabrielle A - - 2011
Physical anthropologists have devoted considerable attention to the structure and function of the primate prehensile tail. Nevertheless, previous morphological studies have concentrated solely on adults, despite behavioral evidence that among many primate taxa, including capuchin monkeys, infants and juveniles use their prehensile tails during a greater number and greater variety ...
Belfort Mandy B - - 2011
To identify sensitive periods of postnatal growth for preterm infants relative to neurodevelopment at 18 months' corrected age. We studied 613 infants born at <33 weeks' gestation who participated in the DHA for Improvement of Neurodevelopmental Outcome trial. We calculated linear slopes of growth in weight, length, BMI, and head ...
Law Tameeka L - - 2011
ABSTRACT Objective: Compare customized versus population-based growth curves for identification of SGA and body fat percent (BF%) among preterm infants. Methods: Prospective cohort study of 204 preterm infants classified as small-for-gestational-age (SGA) or appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) by population-based and customized growth curves. BF% was determined by air-displacement plethysmography. Differences between groups ...
Rochow Niels - - 2011
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The growth of very low birth weight infants does not match intrauterine trajectories, likely due to inappropriate caloric intake. We therefore investigated whether modification of the standard nutritional schedule can impact postnatal growth. METHODS: We introduced a set of evidence-based strategies in a study group of infants ...
Roggero P - - 2011
Infants born preterm are at high risk for poor growth achievement. Small for gestational age (SGA (birth weight below the 10th percentile) preterm infants are even more prone to develop postnatal growth retardation in the early neonatal period, as they do not have a large storage of protein/energy. Both SGA ...
Khurana Vinod K - - 2011
An 8-week-old infant presented with 7 weeks history of nail involvement and discoloration. Lesions started over the middle fingernail of right hand at 1 week of age, spreading over to other nails within 2 weeks. Only two nails of the feet were spared. On KOH examination, fungal hyphae were seen ...
Ramel Sara E SE Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA. - - 2011
Infants experiencing catch-up growth devote a greater proportion of their energy to fat deposition, potentially at the expense of gains in lean body mass. The objective of the present study was to compare the body composition of preterm and term infants after hospital discharge and to determine the effect of ...
Taubman-Ben-Ari Orit - - 2011
The validity of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory for the experience of motherhood was examined in three separate studies, conducted in Israel between 2008 and 2010. Study 1 (n = 150) compared the answers of new first-time mothers to an open-ended question regarding changes following childbirth with the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory ...
Nash Andrea - - 2011
Several Canadian professional organizations recently recommended that the growth of preterm infants be monitored using the World Health Organization Growth Standards (WHO-GS) after hospital discharge. The WHO-GS are a prescriptive set of growth charts that describe how term infants should grow under ideal environmental conditions. Whether preterm infants following this ...
Socha Piotr - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Protein intake in early infancy has been suggested to be an important risk factor for later obesity, but information on potential mechanisms is very limited. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the influence of protein intake in infancy on serum amino acids, insulin, and the insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) axis ...
Kandraju Hemasree - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To construct centile charts for birth weight, length and head circumference for infants born from 24 to 42 weeks of gestation and to compare with the other national and international growth charts. STUDY DESIGN: Observational cross sectional study. SUBJECTS: All consecutively live born singleton infants from 24 to 42 ...
Sangtawesin Varaporn - - 2011
The number of very low birth weight (VLBW) births is increasing worldwide. Despite better care in recent years, they have a high incidence of delayed growth and development. There are no previous studies regarding the growth and development of these infants at Queen Sirikit National Institute of Child Health (QSNICH). ...
Han Youngshin - - 2011
This was a prospective cohort study of 976 infants from birth to 12 months of age. Infants were fed breast milk, goat infant formula, cow infant formula, or a combination of formula and breast milk during the first 4 months of age. Data on type of milk feeding and infant ...
Beeghly Marjorie - - 2011
The growth of infants' regulatory capacities is foundational to the capacity for resilience. Variations in the quality of early social--emotional experience can promote or undermine infants' regulatory capacities. Such capacities are also dynamically sculpted by the relationships among infant, parent, and contextual--cultural factors. Brief periods of disorganization in parent-infant relationships ...
Williams Richard V - - 2011
To describe growth patterns in infants with single ventricle physiology and determine factors influencing growth. Data from 230 subjects enrolled in the Pediatric Heart Network Infant Single Ventricle Enalapril Trial were used to assess factors influencing change in weight-for-age z-score (z) from study enrollment (0.7 ± 0.4 months) to pre-superior ...
Sharma Pradeep Kumar - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the growth and neurosensory outcomes of infants with birth weight ≤1,500 g or gestation ≤32 wks at 18 months corrected age. This prospective cohort study was conducted at a Level III neonatal unit in India. The neonates with birth weight ≤1,500 g or gestation ≤32 wks were included in the study. METHODS: ...
Sanger Claire - - 2011
Lymphatic malformation (LM) is a benign cystic entity resulting from aberrant lymphatic drainage. Often evident at birth, most LMs have declared themselves by 2 years of age. They can be concerning when they occur near vital structures such as the airway or orbit. The natural history varies considerable from spontaneous ...
Samadpour K - - 2011
Background/Objectives:Multiple micronutrient supplementation with Sprinkles powder and crushable Foodlets tablets may be effective means of controlling micronutrient deficiencies in infants. Their efficacy has not been tested in countries like Iran where wheat as the staple food may affect nutrient bioavailability. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of Sprinkles, Foodlets ...
McEachern Rebecca - - 2011
Hypoglycemia is potentially life-threatening, especially in infants, and can be due to congenital cortisol and/or GH deficiency (GHD). Two full-term infants had undetectable cortisol levels, but also low GH levels, at the time of severe hypoglycemia. GHD persisted for several months, even after cortisol replacement. Targeted molecular investigations were performed ...
Lakshman R R MRC Epidemiology Unit, UKCRC Centre of Excellence in Diet and Activity Research, Cambridge, UK. - - 2012
Avoiding excess energy intake and rapid weight gain during infancy may be effective in preventing childhood obesity. We developed a programme for healthy growth and nutrition in formula milk-fed babies. The aim of this study was to understand users' perspectives about the programme and planned trial. We conducted three focus ...
Lo Vasco Vincenza Rita - - 2011
Several studies have reported that fetuses with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and infants with low birth weight present increased intima/media thickness (aIMT) of the abdominal aorta wall compared with fetuses and infants appropriate for gestational age (AGA). Evidence suggested that aIMT might be related to inflammation, probably indicating a very ...
Doi Koutarou - - 2011
Objective: We investigated the risk factors of perinatal death and neurological damage. Methods: Perinatal death and neurological damage were retrospectively investigated using a population-based study of 108 024 deliveries from 1998 to 2007. Main factors studied were asphyxia, growth restriction and preterm delivery < 34 weeks of gestation, since these ...
Jeong Su Jin - - 2011
Failure to thrive (FTT) is a term generally used to describe an infant or child whose current weight or rate of weight gains is significantly below that expected of similar children of the same age, sex and ethnicity. It usually describes infants in whom linear growth and head circumference are ...
Vrijkotte Tanja G M - - 2011
To investigate whether randomly sampled maternal total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides (TG) levels during early pregnancy are associated with birth weight (BW) and postnatal growth. Data were derived from the prospective Amsterdam Born Children and their Development cohort study. Randomly sampled TC and TG levels were determined in early gestation ...
Senterre Thibault - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: The aim of this study was to evaluate postnatal growth up to discharge in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants after optimizing nutritional support based on recent nutritional recommendations. METHODS:: A prospective, non randomized, consecutive, and observational study in <1250 g infants. RESULTS:: 102 infants were included during a ...
de Hoog Marieke L A - - 2011
Rapid early growth in infants may influence overweight and CVD in later life. Both rapid growth and these disease outcomes disproportionately affect some ethnic minorities. We determined ethnic differences in growth rate (Δ standard deviation scores, ΔSDS) during the first 6 months of life and assessed the explanatory role of ...
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