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Finch C C New South Wales Injury Risk Management Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia. - - 2005
Head/orofacial (H/O) injuries are common in Australian rules football. Mouthguards are widely promoted to prevent these injuries, in spite of the lack of formal evidence for their effectiveness. The Australian football injury prevention project was a cluster randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of mouthguards for preventing H/O injuries ...
Rustogi R - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of Acticoat use in primary burn injuries and other skin injuries in premature neonates. PROCEDURES: An audit of eight premature neonates who sustained burn injuries and other cutaneous injuries from various agents were treated with Acticoat. Serum silver levels were measured in three ...
Lam L T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Injury has been identified as a major health problem in China. Different quantitative measures based on the concept of years of potential life lost have been derived for assessing the burden of injury and other diseases. However, few studies have been conducted to compare the usefulness of these measures ...
Ramos Hugo Valter Lisboa - - 2005
AIM: Verify the use of immunohistochemistry as a method to measure all forms of elastic fibers at human vocal folds. STUDY DESIGN: Transversal cohort. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We collected vocal folds following these criterion: age between 25 and 40, Caucasian men, dead by gun shot, within 12 hours of death, ...
Bandak Faris A - - 2005
Traumatic infant shaking has been associated with the shaken baby syndrome (SBS) diagnosis without verification of the operative mechanisms of injury. Intensities for SBS have been expressed only in qualitative, unsubstantiated terms usually referring to acceleration/deceleration rotational injury and relating to falls from great heights onto hard surfaces or from ...
Zhou Ji-Hong - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study the present situation, characteristics, and main problems of the traffic safety in the mountain areas of Southwest China. METHODS: A study was done on the traffic status of Wulong County, Chongqing Municipality, by means of document review, field investigation, and inquiry. RESULTS: The traffic crashes and deaths ...
Gudmundsson Saemundur - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Infant or maternal injury during vaginal delivery is a constant threat to all involved, but difficult to predict. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the risk of birth injuries in an institution favouring trial of vaginal birth when there was doubt of the best mode of delivery. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. ...
Chauhan Suneet P - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the data on brachial plexus injury and its relationship with shoulder dystocia from a tertiary center for a 23-year period. STUDY DESIGN: A review of the logbooks on labor and delivery and the nursery and the International Classification of Diseases codes ...
Harting Matthew T - - 2005
Duodenal injuries among infants are exceedingly rare. The use of pyloric exclusion in the treatment of infants is previously unreported. We report three cases of duodenal injury in infants who were surgically managed through duodenal diversion via pyloric exclusion with concomitant tube gastrostomy. A subsequent discussion of pyloric exclusion highlights ...
Welin Anna-Karin - - 2005
Free radicals seem to be involved in the development of cerebral white matter damage after asphyxia in the premature infant. The immature brain may be at increased risk of free radical mediated injury, as particularly the preterm infant has a relative deficiency in brain antioxidants systems, such as superoxide dismutase ...
Muszynski Cheryl A - - 2005
OBJECT: Injury to the brain as a result of motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) represents a frequent cause of pediatric disability. The authors analyze the correlation between the relative risk of pediatric brain injury and the use of child safety seats (CSSs). METHODS: A national database of MVAs was examined to ...
Quan Li - - 2005
The aim of the present study was to examine Ub-immunoreactivity in the midbrain periaqueductal gray matter (PGM), which is involved in pain processing and modulation, in forensic autopsy cases (n=273) in relation to the causes of death: acute deaths from blunt injuries (n=75), sharp weapon injuries (n=36), fatal asphyxiation (n=22), ...
Bloch Joan Rosen - - 2005
Understanding possible causes of neonatal brain injury is important for perinatal nurses because neonatal brain injury predicts subsequent infant mortality and morbidity in the premature infant. The pathogenesis of the brain injury, germinal matrix/intraventricular hemorrhage and white matter damage, is usually related to a hypoxic event. The hypoxic event may ...
Hakamies-Blomqvist Liisa - - 2005
The present study used Swedish archival data on police-reported accidents and license statistics and Swedish questionnaire data on car use in order to test an underinvolvement hypothesis of older drivers' (65-84 years) accident involvement, postulating that the increase in older drivers' accident involvement is smaller than the increase in older ...
Kumar Virendra - - 2005
The main aim of this study was to determine the causes and epidemiological aspects of homicidal deaths. Data were collected on 217 homicidal victims from the total number of 2762 autopsies performed in UMMC, Kuala Lumpur over a five-year period, from year 1999 to 2003. There were 194 male victims ...
Miller Steven P - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the pattern of brain injury in term neonatal encephalopathy is associated with distinct prenatal and perinatal factors and to determine whether the pattern of injury is associated with 30-month neurodevelopmental outcome. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 173 term newborns with neonatal encephalopathy from 2 centers underwent ...
Chauhan Suneet P - - 2005
PURPOSE: Among newborns at 34 weeks or more with umbilical arterial pH<7.00, we endeavoured to determine the pH threshold and risk factors for neonatal organ injury within 72 hours of birth. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospectively, all non-anomalous newborns delivered over 6 years near term with a low pH were identified. Each ...
Pentland B - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To investigate mortality trends in a cohort of people admitted to a regional head injury unit with all severities of injury in the calendar year 1981. METHODS: A computerised database with details of 1919 admissions was compared with deaths registered by the NHS Central Register, Scotland for the years ...
Settle F - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: (i) To present the severity and documented mechanism of injury and clinical features of all infants less than 6 months old who presented with head trauma to a paediatric emergency department over a 3-year period; (ii) to evaluate the quality of their assessment; and (iii) to present the clinical ...
Siegmund Gunter P - - 2005
Both seat belt slack and anchor location are known to affect occupant excursion during high-speed frontal collisions, but their effects have not been studied at moderate collision severities. The goal of this study was to quantify how seat belt slack and anchor location affect occupant kinematics and kinetics in moderate ...
Lincoln Michelle - - 2005
After staggering numbers of infants were killed in automotive crashes in the 1970s, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommended in 1974 universal use of car seats for all infants. However, positional problems were reported when car seats are used with premature infants less than 37 weeks gestational age as ...
Petzold A - - 2005
Electrically active axons degenerate in the presence of nitric oxide (NO) in vitro. High CSF NO concentrations have been observed in patients with hemorrhagic brain injury such as subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). This study investigated the evidence for axonal injury in SAH and ICH and related this ...
Keng Shao-Hsun - - 2005
Motorcycle deaths accounted for more than half of total traffic fatalities in Taiwan in 2002. This study uses the police-reported crash data from Taiwan between 1999 and 2001 to estimate the effectiveness of helmets, simultaneously taking into account of sample selection bias. Sample selection arises because helmet usage will affect ...
Piatt Joseph H JH - - 2005
Birth injuries of the brachial plexus are fairly common, but the majority of affected newborns make quick recoveries without any specific intervention. A minority suffer more severe injuries that lead to varying degrees of life-long disability. Happily, modern microsurgical techniques permit reconstruction of certain plexus injuries and, in carefully selected ...
Rimdeika R - - 2005
Burns in neonates have been reported following the use of pulse oximeters, various electrodes, chemical disinfecting agents and phototherapy blankets. Burn injuries in premature neonates are very rare and there have been no reports on major full skin thickness injuries. This case reports on preterm neonate male twins delivered at ...
Bulas Dorothy - - 2005
Intracranial injury continues to be a major complication associated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)-treated neonates. The reported frequency of abnormal neuroimaging has ranged from 28% to 52%, depending on neuroimaging techniques and methods of classification. The purpose of this chapter is to describe types of imaging techniques commonly used to ...
Monasterio M Erik - - 2005
AIM: To examine demographic, morbidity, and mortality findings in a population of mountain climbers in New Zealand. METHODS: A baseline survey and a 4-year follow-up took place among a population of mountain climbers. The purpose of this survey was to determine the frequency and characteristics of mountain-climbing accidents and to ...
Browning J G - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Head injury is one of the commoner injuries presenting to the emergency department (ED). Infants are hard to assess clinically and emphasis has been placed on radiological examination. Skull radiographs, however, are not a reliable indicator of intracranial injury. As a result of this the policy in this ED ...
Saugstad Ola Didrik - - 2005
In this review the development of the concept 'hypoxia-reoxygenation injury' is outlined. An update of some important factors and mechanisms related to oxidative stress injury in newborn infants is presented, including the metabolism of glutathione, the role of antioxidants, iron and nitric oxide, and how these may influence health and ...
Berger Stanley A - - 2005
Werner Goldsmith, one of the foremost authorities on the mechanics of impact and the biomechanics of head and neck injuries, died peacefully at home in Oakland, California, on August 23, 2003, at age 79 after a short, courageous battle with leukemia, ending a long and very distinguished career in mechanics, ...
Eicher Dorothea J - - 2005
Hypoxic-ischemic injury may cause multisystem organ damage with significant aberrations in clotting, renal, and cardiac functions. Systemic hypothermia may aggravate these medical conditions, such as bradycardia and increased clotting times, and very little safety data in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic injury is available. This study reports a multicenter, randomized, controlled pilot trial ...
Ellison Vanessa J - - 2005
Ischemia and systemic infection are implicated in the etiology of periventricular white matter injury, a major cause of adverse motor and cognitive outcome in preterm infants. Cytokines are signaling proteins that can be produced as part of the inflammatory response to both ischemia and infection. The aim of this study ...
Sitiene R - - 2004
The value of complex analyses of body injuries and clothing has been proven by practice. The purpose of presented study is to discuss what additional information can be obtained during investigations of clothes in the area of injury. A case study, in which results of visual and stereomicroscopic morphological analysis ...
Alaedeen Diya I - - 2004
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels reflect the severity of the metabolic response to injury in critically ill children. During this period, caloric overfeeding can increase complications and delay recovery. The authors hypothesized that by avoiding excessive caloric delivery, the effect of injury severity would be the major factor determining ...
Perlman Jeffrey M - - 2004
Perinatal brain injury in the term infant is a relatively uncommon event. The principal lesions are intracranial hemorrhage including subarachnoid, subdural, intraparenchymal, intraventricular, focal cerebral infarction and hypoxic ischemic cerebral injury secondary to intrapartum hypoxia-ischemia. Both intracranial hemorrhage and focal cerebral infarction are invariably identified at the time of clinical ...
Papadopoulos I N - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess the emergency response to an earthquake. METHODS: This retrospective study, based on formal autopsy findings from 111 earthquake-related deaths, evaluated demographic data, circumstances of death, rescue time, mechanisms of injury, causes of death, Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS 90) and Injury Severity ...
Shin Sang Do - - 2004
This study was designed to investigate the epidemiologic characteristics of death from burn injury in Korea. We recoded the death certificate database from 1991 to 2001 inclusive based on the short version of the International Classification of External Causes of Injuries (ICECI). Using variables such as sex, marital status, educational ...
Inder Terrie - - 2004
Nonhuman primate species have been selectively used in the scientific investigation of adult and newborn neurological diseases. The rhesus monkey has been utilized in models of term asphyxial insults, accurately reflecting the mechanisms and neuropathology demonstrated in the newborn human infant. More recently, a premature baboon model developed for evaluation ...
Back Stephen A - - 2004
Approximately 10% of newborns are born prematurely. Of these children, more than 10% will sustain neurological injuries leading to significant learning disabilities, cerebral palsy, or mental retardation, with very low birth weight infants having an even higher incidence of brain injury. Whereas intraventricular hemorrhage was the most common form of ...
Gill James R - - 2004
Nine people died of traumatic asphyxia due to an uncontrolled crowd at a community basketball game in New York City in 1991. We reviewed the circumstances, postmortem findings, and the causes of death. The majority of people had petechiae of the conjunctivae and face consistent with chest compression. There were ...
Lam Lawrence T - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Different quantitative measures based on the concept of years of potential life lost have been derived for assessing the burden of diseases and injuries. However, few studies have been conducted to compare the usefulness of these measures in terms of providing practical information. This study aims to examine the ...
Cuzzocrea Salvatore - - 2004
Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), a nuclear enzyme activated by strand breaks in DNA, plays an important role in the colon injury associated with experimental colitis. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of 5-aminoisoquinolinone (5-AIQ), a novel and potent inhibitor of PARP activity, in the development ...
Siegel John H - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of change in velocity (MV) and energy dissipation (IE) on impact, above and below the test levels for federal motor vehicle crash (MVC) safety standards, on the incidence of aortic injury (AI) and its mortality and associated injury patterns in frontal (F) and lateral (L) ...
Dedoukou Xanthi - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of fall injuries among infants in Greece, overall and by type of nursery equipment. DESIGN: Review of data from a large injury database. SETTING: The Emergency Department Injury Surveillance System in Greece. PATIENTS: A total of 2672 injured infants. INTERVENTIONS: Specially trained health visitors performed ...
Peek-Asa Corinne - - 2004
In the United States, injuries are the leading cause of death among individuals aged 1 to 45 years and the fourth leading cause of death overall. Rural populations exhibit disproportionately high injury mortality rates. Deaths resulting from motor vehicle crashes, traumatic occupational injuries, drowning, residential fires, and suicide all increase ...
Ulfig Norbert - - 2004
The ganglionic eminence being a prominent part of the telencephalic proliferative zone is the most common site of bleedings in preterm infants. This immunohistochemical study demonstrates that connexin 26 involved in forming intercellular gap junctions is expressed in ganglionic eminence cells up to 500 microm from the bleeding. In controls, ...
McDowell Maxson J - - 2004
Holland elucidated the new paradigm of self-organization in complex adaptive systems. This paradigm holds for all living systems, including the personality. In conjunction with the theory of archetypes, self-organization suggests two radical hypotheses, one about early development, the other about the origins of autism. Autism is associated with several medical ...
Alfonso Israel - - 2004
Obstetrical brachial plexus injury occurs when the forces preventing the stretch of the brachial plexus are overcome by the forces stretching it. This report describes an 8-day-old male delivered by uncomplicated cesarean section with right obstetrical brachial plexus palsy and congenital arm atrophy. The patient had a history of decreased ...
Damron Dana P - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the success rate of operative vaginal delivery and risk of rectal sphincter injury when forceps or vacuum was used. STUDY DESIGN: Cases were identified by a retrospective review of delivery logbooks and an obstetric database. Rotations were excluded. Failure was defined as inability to deliver the fetus ...
Dzepina Ivo - - 2004
Pediatric vascular injuries are increasing in frequency and represent a challenging problem in pediatric surgical practice. Increased survival of low birth weight infants and advances in invasive diagnostic procedures have resulted in a dramatic increase in the number of these injuries. Formation of pseudoaneurysm of the brachial artery in infants ...
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