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Results 401 - 450 of 915
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Rimdeika R - - 2005
Burns in neonates have been reported following the use of pulse oximeters, various electrodes, chemical disinfecting agents and phototherapy blankets. Burn injuries in premature neonates are very rare and there have been no reports on major full skin thickness injuries. This case reports on preterm neonate male twins delivered at ...
Bulas Dorothy - - 2005
Intracranial injury continues to be a major complication associated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)-treated neonates. The reported frequency of abnormal neuroimaging has ranged from 28% to 52%, depending on neuroimaging techniques and methods of classification. The purpose of this chapter is to describe types of imaging techniques commonly used to ...
Monasterio M Erik - - 2005
AIM: To examine demographic, morbidity, and mortality findings in a population of mountain climbers in New Zealand. METHODS: A baseline survey and a 4-year follow-up took place among a population of mountain climbers. The purpose of this survey was to determine the frequency and characteristics of mountain-climbing accidents and to ...
Browning J G - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Head injury is one of the commoner injuries presenting to the emergency department (ED). Infants are hard to assess clinically and emphasis has been placed on radiological examination. Skull radiographs, however, are not a reliable indicator of intracranial injury. As a result of this the policy in this ED ...
Saugstad Ola Didrik - - 2005
In this review the development of the concept 'hypoxia-reoxygenation injury' is outlined. An update of some important factors and mechanisms related to oxidative stress injury in newborn infants is presented, including the metabolism of glutathione, the role of antioxidants, iron and nitric oxide, and how these may influence health and ...
Berger Stanley A - - 2005
Werner Goldsmith, one of the foremost authorities on the mechanics of impact and the biomechanics of head and neck injuries, died peacefully at home in Oakland, California, on August 23, 2003, at age 79 after a short, courageous battle with leukemia, ending a long and very distinguished career in mechanics, ...
Eicher Dorothea J - - 2005
Hypoxic-ischemic injury may cause multisystem organ damage with significant aberrations in clotting, renal, and cardiac functions. Systemic hypothermia may aggravate these medical conditions, such as bradycardia and increased clotting times, and very little safety data in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic injury is available. This study reports a multicenter, randomized, controlled pilot trial ...
Ellison Vanessa J - - 2005
Ischemia and systemic infection are implicated in the etiology of periventricular white matter injury, a major cause of adverse motor and cognitive outcome in preterm infants. Cytokines are signaling proteins that can be produced as part of the inflammatory response to both ischemia and infection. The aim of this study ...
Sitiene R - - 2004
The value of complex analyses of body injuries and clothing has been proven by practice. The purpose of presented study is to discuss what additional information can be obtained during investigations of clothes in the area of injury. A case study, in which results of visual and stereomicroscopic morphological analysis ...
Alaedeen Diya I - - 2004
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels reflect the severity of the metabolic response to injury in critically ill children. During this period, caloric overfeeding can increase complications and delay recovery. The authors hypothesized that by avoiding excessive caloric delivery, the effect of injury severity would be the major factor determining ...
Perlman Jeffrey M - - 2004
Perinatal brain injury in the term infant is a relatively uncommon event. The principal lesions are intracranial hemorrhage including subarachnoid, subdural, intraparenchymal, intraventricular, focal cerebral infarction and hypoxic ischemic cerebral injury secondary to intrapartum hypoxia-ischemia. Both intracranial hemorrhage and focal cerebral infarction are invariably identified at the time of clinical ...
Papadopoulos I N - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess the emergency response to an earthquake. METHODS: This retrospective study, based on formal autopsy findings from 111 earthquake-related deaths, evaluated demographic data, circumstances of death, rescue time, mechanisms of injury, causes of death, Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS 90) and Injury Severity ...
Shin Sang Do - - 2004
This study was designed to investigate the epidemiologic characteristics of death from burn injury in Korea. We recoded the death certificate database from 1991 to 2001 inclusive based on the short version of the International Classification of External Causes of Injuries (ICECI). Using variables such as sex, marital status, educational ...
Inder Terrie - - 2004
Nonhuman primate species have been selectively used in the scientific investigation of adult and newborn neurological diseases. The rhesus monkey has been utilized in models of term asphyxial insults, accurately reflecting the mechanisms and neuropathology demonstrated in the newborn human infant. More recently, a premature baboon model developed for evaluation ...
Back Stephen A - - 2004
Approximately 10% of newborns are born prematurely. Of these children, more than 10% will sustain neurological injuries leading to significant learning disabilities, cerebral palsy, or mental retardation, with very low birth weight infants having an even higher incidence of brain injury. Whereas intraventricular hemorrhage was the most common form of ...
Gill James R - - 2004
Nine people died of traumatic asphyxia due to an uncontrolled crowd at a community basketball game in New York City in 1991. We reviewed the circumstances, postmortem findings, and the causes of death. The majority of people had petechiae of the conjunctivae and face consistent with chest compression. There were ...
Lam Lawrence T - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Different quantitative measures based on the concept of years of potential life lost have been derived for assessing the burden of diseases and injuries. However, few studies have been conducted to compare the usefulness of these measures in terms of providing practical information. This study aims to examine the ...
Cuzzocrea Salvatore - - 2004
Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), a nuclear enzyme activated by strand breaks in DNA, plays an important role in the colon injury associated with experimental colitis. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of 5-aminoisoquinolinone (5-AIQ), a novel and potent inhibitor of PARP activity, in the development ...
Siegel John H - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of change in velocity (MV) and energy dissipation (IE) on impact, above and below the test levels for federal motor vehicle crash (MVC) safety standards, on the incidence of aortic injury (AI) and its mortality and associated injury patterns in frontal (F) and lateral (L) ...
Dedoukou Xanthi - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of fall injuries among infants in Greece, overall and by type of nursery equipment. DESIGN: Review of data from a large injury database. SETTING: The Emergency Department Injury Surveillance System in Greece. PATIENTS: A total of 2672 injured infants. INTERVENTIONS: Specially trained health visitors performed ...
Peek-Asa Corinne - - 2004
In the United States, injuries are the leading cause of death among individuals aged 1 to 45 years and the fourth leading cause of death overall. Rural populations exhibit disproportionately high injury mortality rates. Deaths resulting from motor vehicle crashes, traumatic occupational injuries, drowning, residential fires, and suicide all increase ...
Ulfig Norbert - - 2004
The ganglionic eminence being a prominent part of the telencephalic proliferative zone is the most common site of bleedings in preterm infants. This immunohistochemical study demonstrates that connexin 26 involved in forming intercellular gap junctions is expressed in ganglionic eminence cells up to 500 microm from the bleeding. In controls, ...
McDowell Maxson J - - 2004
Holland elucidated the new paradigm of self-organization in complex adaptive systems. This paradigm holds for all living systems, including the personality. In conjunction with the theory of archetypes, self-organization suggests two radical hypotheses, one about early development, the other about the origins of autism. Autism is associated with several medical ...
Alfonso Israel - - 2004
Obstetrical brachial plexus injury occurs when the forces preventing the stretch of the brachial plexus are overcome by the forces stretching it. This report describes an 8-day-old male delivered by uncomplicated cesarean section with right obstetrical brachial plexus palsy and congenital arm atrophy. The patient had a history of decreased ...
Damron Dana P - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the success rate of operative vaginal delivery and risk of rectal sphincter injury when forceps or vacuum was used. STUDY DESIGN: Cases were identified by a retrospective review of delivery logbooks and an obstetric database. Rotations were excluded. Failure was defined as inability to deliver the fetus ...
Dzepina Ivo - - 2004
Pediatric vascular injuries are increasing in frequency and represent a challenging problem in pediatric surgical practice. Increased survival of low birth weight infants and advances in invasive diagnostic procedures have resulted in a dramatic increase in the number of these injuries. Formation of pseudoaneurysm of the brachial artery in infants ...
Moniruzzaman S - - 2004
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyse the relationship between suicide rates and economic development within the theoretical framework of epidemiological transition. RESULT: A weak positive correlation was found between suicide rates and GNP per capita in both sexes for all ages. DISCUSSION: According to previous studies, there ...
Dobbs Matthew B - - 2004
Ponseti demonstrated correction of most clubfeet in infants using proper manipulative techniques followed by application of well-molded long-leg plaster casts and a percutaneous tendoachilles tenotomy to correct residual equinus contracture. Medical complications occurring as a result of this technique have not to our knowledge been reported. The authors retrospectively reviewed ...
Porzionato Andrea - - 2004
The dorsal portion of the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) shows selective dendritic lesions in adults who died after an episode of acute heart failure, suggesting excitotoxic glutamate-induced neuronal death. Cerebral hypoxia and/or ischaemia also produce hyperexpression of specific genes (c-fos, c-jun) which may be involved, in vulnerable districts, in the ...
Hagmann Cornelia F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To present a case of fetal intracranial injuries in a preterm infant after maternal motor vehicle accident and to review the relevant literature. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Neonatal and pediatric intensive care unit of a children's hospital. PATIENT: Preterm infant (gestational age, 30-6/7 wks) with intracranial injuries after maternal ...
Blumenthal Ivan - - 2004
Periventricular leucomalacia is a condition that causes lifelong disability and considerable economic burden. It occurs in premature infants of less than 32 weeks gestation due to their unique anatomical features. The white matter of these infants is poorly vascularised and contains oligodendrocyte progenitors (pre-oligodendrocytes), which are sensitive to the effects ...
Anderson Robert N - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: This report presents injury mortality data for 2001 using the external cause of injury mortality matrix for the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10), a detailed and comprehensive framework for tabulating and presenting injury deaths by mechanism and intent of death. Data are presented by age, sex, race, ...
Zahalsky Michael P - - 2004
PURPOSE: We evaluated the risk of epididymal injury in patients undergoing hydrocelectomy and spermatocelectomy, and determined risk factors that may increase the chance of epididymal injury. To our knowledge the incidences of epididymal injury during hydrocelectomy and spermatocelectomy have not previously been reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The pathology reports of ...
Tarnowska Anna - - 2004
BACKGROUND: An abnormal position of nasogastric and rectal tubes can be the cause of iatrogenic injuries Most often it can happen in neonates and premature infants. MATERIAL/METHODS: From 1982 through 2003, we observed 9 neonates (8 premature infants) with perforation of the alimentary tract. RESULTS: In most of these patients ...
Brasili Patricia - - 2004
Traumatic lesions are commonly found in archaeological skeletal samples and provide useful information about various behavioral and cultural aspects of the populations. Our aim was to evaluate the relationship between the distribution and types of skeletal traumatic lesions and the different life-styles of past populations. We examined three necropolises in ...
Goldsmith Werner - - 2004
There is significant disagreement among medical professionals regarding the mechanisms for infant brain injury. This disagreement is due in part to the failure by some to acknowledge and incorporate known biomechanical data and models into hypotheses regarding causes. A proper biomechanical understanding of the mechanisms of traumatic brain injury (TBI) ...
Russell Robert - - 2004
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the validity of similar Injury Severity Scores (ISS) generated by different Abbreviated Injury Scale triplets. METHODS: A cohort of trauma patients admitted to a single major trauma service between 1995 and 2002 was studied retrospectively. Mortality rates were compared for groups with identical ISS scores but ...
Hackam David J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine whether firearms are a more prevalent cause of pediatric death in the United States than in Canada. METHODS: All pediatric trauma deaths from 1991 to 1996 in Ontario and Missouri were reviewed. Socioeconomic data were compiled for the two jurisdictions. RESULTS: During the period ...
Wilkins C E - - 2004
This survey of regional neonatal intensive care units determined a prevalence of 38 per 1000 neonates who sustained an extravasation injury that caused skin necrosis. Most injuries occurred in infants of 26 weeks gestation or less, with parenteral nutrition infused through intravenous cannulae. Common treatments were exposing wounds to the ...
Abdel-Aty Mohamed - - 2004
Although the rapid growth in light truck vehicle (LTV) sales, including minivans, sports utility vehicles (SUVs), and light-duty trucks, has not been associated with an overall increase in collisions or traffic deaths in the US, there is a need for a research program to determine whether particular types of collisions ...
Rueda-Domingo Trinidad - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine how the number of passengers, their age and their sex influence the risk of different types of Spanish drivers causing a collision between two or more cars. METHODS: We selected, from the Spanish database of traffic crashes resulting in personal injuries or death, those collisions between two ...
Shin Sang Do - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to investigate the epidemiologic characteristics of the death by poisoning in Korea. We recoded the Death Certificates Database by injury based on the short version of the International Classification of External Causes of Injuries (ICECI). We evaluated the mortality rate by total injury and ...
Bertelli J A - - 2004
The towel test consists of covering an infant's face with a towel and seeing if he/she can remove it with either arm. In this study it has been used to aid the clinical and electromyographic assessment of 21 infants with obstetric brachial plexus palsy. At 2 to 3 months, none ...
Rivara F P - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the number and characteristics of motor vehicle crash deaths related to police pursuits in the United States. METHODS: Analysis of the Fatality Analysis Reporting System and the Crashworthiness Data System of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration for the years 1994-2002. RESULTS: There were 2654 fatal crashes ...
Buettiker V - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare three different systems of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP): the naso-pharyngeal tube and two-prong systems in newborns, focusing on duration of CPAP, side effects and cost. DESIGN: Randomized clinical study. PATIENTS: Between July 2000 and September 2001 newborns were randomized to three different CPAP systems. Forty infants ...
Jits Roman Y - - 2004
A guidance scheme designed for coping with significant dispersion in the vehicle's state and atmospheric conditions is presented. In order to expand the flyable aerocapture envelope, control of the vehicle is realized through bank angle and angle-of-attack modulation. Thus, blended control of the vehicle is achieved, where the lateral and ...
White-Traut Rosemary C - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare the developmental patterns of heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), and hemoglobin oxygen saturation (SaO2) of premature infants with and without central nervous system (CNS) injury, and evaluate whether a multisensory intervention altered this development. SAMPLE: Thirty-seven premature infants born at 23-26 weeks with normal head ultrasounds ...
Dandona Rakhi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Road traffic crashes are an important cause of death and disability in India. Reliable and accurate data are necessary to plan strategies to reduce death and disability due to road traffic crashes. We assessed the utility of the available data on deaths due to road traffic crashes for road ...
Montazeri A - - 2004
Road traffic accidents are considered to be the second highest cause of mortality in Iran. A study was conducted to describe road-traffic-related mortality data in Iran in a given period. All Iranian mortality data on road traffic accidents between March 1999 and 2000 (one complete Iranian calendar year) were obtained. ...
Le Strange Elisabeth - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebellar atrophy may occur as a result of a primary injury, such as infarction or hemorrhage. Impaired growth of a non-injured cerebellum may be seen as a secondary effect related to damage in other remote but connected areas of the brain, or so-called diaschisis. We sought to ...
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