Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 915
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O'Holleran James D - - 2006
Injury to the medial collateral ligament of the elbow (MCL) can be a career-threatening injury for an overhead athlete without appropriate diagnosis and treatment. It has been considered separately from other athletic injuries due to the unique constellation of pathology that results from repetitive overhead throwing. The past decade has ...
Gurewitsch Edith D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain whether brachial plexus palsy (BPP) that occurs without shoulder dystocia (SD) represents a traction injury during unrecognized SD or a natural phenomenon with a different mechanism of injury, we compared risk factors and outcomes between SD-associated and non-SD-associated BPP. STUDY DESIGN: Neonates with BPP after cephalic vaginal ...
Miniño Arialdi M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This report presents injury mortality data for 2002 using the external-cause-of-injury mortality matrix for the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). The external cause matrix is a detailed and comprehensive framework for tabulating and presenting injury deaths by mechanism and intent of death. Data are presented by age, ...
Szymankiewicz Marta - - 2006
Perinatal asphyxia has a high impact on neonatal mortality, morbidity, and neurological outcome. The hypoxic effects on brain, kidney and gastrointestinal system are well recognized in newborns. While it is known that hypoxia also effects cardiac function, there are few studies of quantitative myocardial injury in premature infants who suffered ...
Richter Elihu D - - 2006
We review milestones in the history of increases in speed limits and travel speeds ("speed creep") and risks for road deaths and injury. Reduced speed limits, speed-camera networks, and speed calming substantially reduce these tolls in absolute numbers-a trend that is apparent in the United Kingdom, Australia, France, and other ...
Lee Chien-Chang - - 2006
The laxity and elasticity of the infant or child spine may predispose him to cervical spine injury without bony disruption. The term 'SCIWORA' syndrome (Spinal Cord Injury Without Radiographic Abnormalities) is commonly used to characterize this condition. We report a 14-month-old infant who fell from a fourth-story window, with delayed ...
Back Stephen A - - 2006
Perinatal brain injury in survivors of premature birth has a unique and unexplained predilection for periventricular cerebral white matter. Periventricular white-matter injury (PWMI) is now the most common cause of brain injury in preterm infants and the leading cause of chronic neurological morbidity. The spectrum of chronic PWMI includes focal ...
Scott A - - 2006
Evidence for diaphragm injury in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been reported, although the extent of injury and collagen accumulation post mortem have not previously been examined. In addition, it is not known whether the amount of injury and collagen are different in key regions of the ...
Page Marianne - - 2006
Road safety performance indicators (RSPI) are policy tools which describe the extent of insecure operational safety conditions within traffic systems. This study describes the production of an RSPI which represents the presence within a country's vehicle fleet, of vehicles that may not effectively protect an occupant in a collision. This ...
Meyer Sascha - - 2006
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of arginine-vasopressin (AVP) as a rescue therapy in catecholamine-refractory septic and non-septic shock in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants with acute renal injury. Prospective assessment of AVP therapy in three ELBW infants with catecholamine-refractory septic shock and acute renal ...
García-Borboroglu Pablo - - 2006
Petroleum pollution is a problem for seabirds along the Southwest Atlantic coast. Twenty-five groups from Salvador, Brazil (12 degrees 58'S) to San Antonio Oeste, Argentina (40 degrees 43'S) survey or rehabilitate sick or oiled seabirds. Four groups, one each in Brazil and Uruguay, and two in Argentina, kept counts of ...
Parker Leslie A - - 2005
The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) Sentinel Event Alert from July 21, 2004 states that there have been 47 cases of birth trauma-related perinatal death or permanent disability reported for JCAHO review since 1996. This report clearly illustrates the importance of birth trauma in clinical practice for ...
Wilson N - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the relative number of deaths in member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) from international terrorism and road crashes. METHODS: Data on deaths from international terrorism (US State Department database) were collated (1994-2003) and compared to the road injury deaths (year 2000 and ...
Jevitt Cecilia M - - 2005
Shoulder dystocia and brachial plexus injury occur in 0.5% to 1.5% of all births. Risk factors for both include maternal obesity, excessive prenatal weight gain, maternal diabetes, protracted labor, and fetal macrosomia. These factors are involved in only about 50% of births complicated by shoulder dystocia or brachial plexus injury. ...
Charron Aurelie - - 2005
A large dataset for PM2.5 and PMcoarse (PM2.5-10) concentrations monitored near a busy London highway (Marylebone Road) has been analyzed to define the factors that lead to high concentrations. The following have been highlighted as major influencing parameters: wind speed, prevailing wind direction (because of its role on the microscale ...
Hamlat Abderrahmane - - 2006
Epidural haematoma in newborn infants is rare, and few specific obstetrical data related to its formation are available in the literature. The aim of this study is to discuss the pathophysiology of this condition. EDH is always a post traumatic lesion and it is only possible if the insult has ...
Schädel-Höpfner M - - 2005
The diagnosis of scapholunate ligament injury by traction radiography was investigated within a consecutive study. The right wrists of 25 healthy volunteers and 22 wrists with arthroscopically proven complete scapholunate ligament tears were examined. Traction radiography was performed under fluoroscopy with a force of 5 kg applied to the thumb. ...
Benjamin Kathleen - - 2005
Brachial plexus injuries (BPI) are usually readily apparent at or shortly after birth. Failure of caregivers to recognize and appropriately treat BPI may contribute to the risk of life-long neuromuscular dysfunction for the infant and represents a serious medical-legal liability for the delivery provider. This article is the second in ...
Zurbrigg Kathy - - 2005
The study objectives were to provide a province-wide description of stall dimensions and the aspects of cattle welfare linked to stall design in the tie-stall industry. Data on stall design; stall dimensions; and the prevalence of lameness, injury, and hind limb and udder cleanliness in lactating dairy cattle were collected ...
Karmel Bernard Z - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Identifying and treating CNS-injured infants has always been Ferenc Katona's main goal. Early on, he showed the importance of "elementary motor patterns" to development, and their application in treatment of early brain injury. We report on a neonatal neurobehavioral assessment derived from Katona that has concurrent and ...
Herbst Melissa A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Treatment of fetal macrosomia presents challenges to practitioners because a potential outcome of shoulder dystocia with permanent brachial plexus injury is costly both to families and to society. Practitioner options include labor induction, elective cesarean delivery, or expectant treatment. We performed a cost-effective analysis to evaluate the treatment strategies ...
Demetriades Demetrios - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Trimodal distribution of trauma deaths, described more than 20 years ago, is still widely taught in the design of trauma systems. The purpose of this study was to examine the applicability of this trimodal distribution in a modern trauma system. STUDY DESIGN: A study of trauma registry and emergency ...
Lin Yi-Lo - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To quantify and compare biochemical characteristics of the extracellular matrix (ECM) of specimens harvested from tensional and compressive regions of the superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) of horses in age classes that include neonates to mature horses. SAMPLE POPULATION: Tendon specimens were collected on postmortem examination from 40 juvenile ...
Davies Kevin - - 2005
Although natural disasters are claiming fewer lives now than even as recently as 30 years ago, they remain responsible for many premature deaths, most in third-world countries. This article highlights the relationship of human factors that can be found with third-world disasters and reviews interventions that have been used to ...
Siegmund Gunter P - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to quantify the occupant response variability due to differences in vehicle and seat design in low-speed rear-end collisions. METHODS: Occupant response variability was quantified using a BioRID dummy exposed to rear-end collisions in 20 different vehicles. Vehicles were rolled rearward into a rigid ...
Hobbs C - - 2005
AIM: To determine incidence, aetiology, and clinical features of subdural haematoma and effusion (SDH/E) in infancy throughout the British Isles. METHODS: Cases were notified to the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit over 12 months by paediatricians, neurosurgeons, and paediatric and forensic pathologists. RESULTS: A total of 186 infants (121 boys, 65 ...
Finch C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Head/orofacial (H/O) injuries are common in Australian rules football. Mouthguards are widely promoted to prevent these injuries, in spite of the lack of formal evidence for their effectiveness. DESIGN: The Australian football injury prevention project was a cluster randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of mouthguards for preventing ...
Rustogi R - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of Acticoat use in primary burn injuries and other skin injuries in premature neonates. PROCEDURES: An audit of eight premature neonates who sustained burn injuries and other cutaneous injuries from various agents were treated with Acticoat. Serum silver levels were measured in three ...
Lam L T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Injury has been identified as a major health problem in China. Different quantitative measures based on the concept of years of potential life lost have been derived for assessing the burden of injury and other diseases. However, few studies have been conducted to compare the usefulness of these measures ...
Ramos Hugo Valter Lisboa - - 2005
AIM: Verify the use of immunohistochemistry as a method to measure all forms of elastic fibers at human vocal folds. STUDY DESIGN: Transversal cohort. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We collected vocal folds following these criterion: age between 25 and 40, Caucasian men, dead by gun shot, within 12 hours of death, ...
Bandak Faris A - - 2005
Traumatic infant shaking has been associated with the shaken baby syndrome (SBS) diagnosis without verification of the operative mechanisms of injury. Intensities for SBS have been expressed only in qualitative, unsubstantiated terms usually referring to acceleration/deceleration rotational injury and relating to falls from great heights onto hard surfaces or from ...
Zhou Ji-Hong - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study the present situation, characteristics, and main problems of the traffic safety in the mountain areas of Southwest China. METHODS: A study was done on the traffic status of Wulong County, Chongqing Municipality, by means of document review, field investigation, and inquiry. RESULTS: The traffic crashes and deaths ...
Gudmundsson Saemundur - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Infant or maternal injury during vaginal delivery is a constant threat to all involved, but difficult to predict. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the risk of birth injuries in an institution favouring trial of vaginal birth when there was doubt of the best mode of delivery. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. ...
Chauhan Suneet P - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the data on brachial plexus injury and its relationship with shoulder dystocia from a tertiary center for a 23-year period. STUDY DESIGN: A review of the logbooks on labor and delivery and the nursery and the International Classification of Diseases codes ...
Harting Matthew T - - 2005
Duodenal injuries among infants are exceedingly rare. The use of pyloric exclusion in the treatment of infants is previously unreported. We report three cases of duodenal injury in infants who were surgically managed through duodenal diversion via pyloric exclusion with concomitant tube gastrostomy. A subsequent discussion of pyloric exclusion highlights ...
Welin Anna-Karin - - 2005
Free radicals seem to be involved in the development of cerebral white matter damage after asphyxia in the premature infant. The immature brain may be at increased risk of free radical mediated injury, as particularly the preterm infant has a relative deficiency in brain antioxidants systems, such as superoxide dismutase ...
Muszynski Cheryl A - - 2005
OBJECT: Injury to the brain as a result of motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) represents a frequent cause of pediatric disability. The authors analyze the correlation between the relative risk of pediatric brain injury and the use of child safety seats (CSSs). METHODS: A national database of MVAs was examined to ...
Quan Li - - 2005
The aim of the present study was to examine Ub-immunoreactivity in the midbrain periaqueductal gray matter (PGM), which is involved in pain processing and modulation, in forensic autopsy cases (n=273) in relation to the causes of death: acute deaths from blunt injuries (n=75), sharp weapon injuries (n=36), fatal asphyxiation (n=22), ...
Bloch Joan Rosen - - 2005
Understanding possible causes of neonatal brain injury is important for perinatal nurses because neonatal brain injury predicts subsequent infant mortality and morbidity in the premature infant. The pathogenesis of the brain injury, germinal matrix/intraventricular hemorrhage and white matter damage, is usually related to a hypoxic event. The hypoxic event may ...
Hakamies-Blomqvist Liisa - - 2005
The present study used Swedish archival data on police-reported accidents and license statistics and Swedish questionnaire data on car use in order to test an underinvolvement hypothesis of older drivers' (65-84 years) accident involvement, postulating that the increase in older drivers' accident involvement is smaller than the increase in older ...
Kumar Virendra - - 2005
The main aim of this study was to determine the causes and epidemiological aspects of homicidal deaths. Data were collected on 217 homicidal victims from the total number of 2762 autopsies performed in UMMC, Kuala Lumpur over a five-year period, from year 1999 to 2003. There were 194 male victims ...
Miller Steven P - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the pattern of brain injury in term neonatal encephalopathy is associated with distinct prenatal and perinatal factors and to determine whether the pattern of injury is associated with 30-month neurodevelopmental outcome. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 173 term newborns with neonatal encephalopathy from 2 centers underwent ...
Chauhan Suneet P - - 2005
PURPOSE: Among newborns at 34 weeks or more with umbilical arterial pH<7.00, we endeavoured to determine the pH threshold and risk factors for neonatal organ injury within 72 hours of birth. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospectively, all non-anomalous newborns delivered over 6 years near term with a low pH were identified. Each ...
Pentland B - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To investigate mortality trends in a cohort of people admitted to a regional head injury unit with all severities of injury in the calendar year 1981. METHODS: A computerised database with details of 1919 admissions was compared with deaths registered by the NHS Central Register, Scotland for the years ...
Settle F - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: (i) To present the severity and documented mechanism of injury and clinical features of all infants less than 6 months old who presented with head trauma to a paediatric emergency department over a 3-year period; (ii) to evaluate the quality of their assessment; and (iii) to present the clinical ...
Siegmund Gunter P - - 2005
Both seat belt slack and anchor location are known to affect occupant excursion during high-speed frontal collisions, but their effects have not been studied at moderate collision severities. The goal of this study was to quantify how seat belt slack and anchor location affect occupant kinematics and kinetics in moderate ...
Lincoln Michelle - - 2005
After staggering numbers of infants were killed in automotive crashes in the 1970s, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommended in 1974 universal use of car seats for all infants. However, positional problems were reported when car seats are used with premature infants less than 37 weeks gestational age as ...
Petzold A - - 2005
Electrically active axons degenerate in the presence of nitric oxide (NO) in vitro. High CSF NO concentrations have been observed in patients with hemorrhagic brain injury such as subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). This study investigated the evidence for axonal injury in SAH and ICH and related this ...
Keng Shao-Hsun - - 2005
Motorcycle deaths accounted for more than half of total traffic fatalities in Taiwan in 2002. This study uses the police-reported crash data from Taiwan between 1999 and 2001 to estimate the effectiveness of helmets, simultaneously taking into account of sample selection bias. Sample selection arises because helmet usage will affect ...
Piatt Joseph H JH - - 2005
Birth injuries of the brachial plexus are fairly common, but the majority of affected newborns make quick recoveries without any specific intervention. A minority suffer more severe injuries that lead to varying degrees of life-long disability. Happily, modern microsurgical techniques permit reconstruction of certain plexus injuries and, in carefully selected ...
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