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Torres-Rouff Christina - - 2006
The prehistoric population of San Pedro de Atacama lived through periods marked by prosperity and interregional interaction, as well as times of severe drought, social stress, and widespread poverty. A sample of 682 crania was analyzed for evidence of cranial trauma in order to assess changing patterns of interpersonal violence ...
McClure Melissa M MM Department of Psychology, Behavioral Neuroscience Division, Unit 1020, 806 Babbidge Road, Storrs, CT 06069-1020, - - 2006
Neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI) is a common cause of brain damage and subsequent behavioral deficits in premature/term infants. Rapid auditory processing deficits have been suggested to play a role in later language impairments in this population. We have previously shown auditory deficits in rats with neonatal HI injury and now report ...
Gherman Robert B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Much of our understanding and knowledge of shoulder dystocia has been blurred by inconsistent and scientific studies that are of limited scientific quality. In an evidence-based format, we sought to answer the following questions: (1) Is shoulder dystocia predictable? (2) Can shoulder dystocia be prevented? (3) When shoulder dystocia ...
MacLean Christopher - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of a custom foot orthotic intervention on the lower extremity dynamics in healthy runners. DESIGN: Three-dimensional kinematics and kinetics were collected on 15 female runners (>15 miles per week) while each performed the over-ground running trials in either a shoe only or a shoe+custom foot ...
Schifrin Barry S - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The principles of neonatal neurological protection following intrapartum hypoxia are briefly reviewed. The physiological principles behind the use of cardiotocograph patterns in defining the timing and mechanism of fetal hypoxia and injury are then demonstrated. RECENT FINDINGS: Fetal neurological injury may result from progressive hypoxemia, acidosis, diminished ...
Schöffl Volker Rainer - - 2006
PURPOSE: Ruptures of the finger flexor pulleys are the most frequent injuries in rock climbers. Whereas multiple pulley injuries demand a surgical reconstruction, single ruptures are mainly treated conservatively. Nevertheless, the question of the clinical outcome or a persisting finger strength deficit after conservative therapy arises. METHODS: Twenty-one rock climbers ...
Clark D E - - 2006
To determine whether the Barell matrix (Inj Prev 2002;8:91-6) could effectively categorize injuries by severity. Injury diagnoses of cases in the 2002 US Nationwide Inpatient Sample were classified according to the Barell matrix. For each cell of the matrix, the authors used ICDMAP-90 to determine the predominant Abbreviated Injury Score ...
McLoone E - - 2006
To assess optic disc characteristics in premature infants with and without ischaemic brain injury and to evaluate the role of optic disc morphology in dating the injury. RetCam fundal images, cranial ultrasounds and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of 109 premature infants were analysed. The study cohort was divided into subgroups ...
Speer Michael - - 2006
This article briefly reviews the pathogenesis of hypoxic-ischemic cerebral injury, the experimental data, and clinical studies that have evaluated the potential therapeutic benefit of modest selective or whole body hypothermia in reducing the subsequent development of irreversible brain injury without untoward side effects. Data are insufficient to recommend routine use ...
Schluter Philip J - - 2006
AIMS: Child injury is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in developed countries. While Pacific infant death rates are relatively high in New Zealand, little is known about non-fatal injury rates. We seek to describe maternally reported injury in Pacific infants aged between 0-24 months. METHODS: A cohort of ...
Shields Brenda J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Here we describe the epidemiologic characteristics and secular trends of infant walker-related injuries among children who are younger than 15 months in the United States. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System of the US Consumer Product Safety Commission, 1990-2001. Sample ...
McCann Ulysses - - 2006
Premature infants who require endotracheal intubation may be subject to iatrogenic tracheobronchial injuries. Such injuries are relatively rare, can be difficult to diagnose, and are often associated with poor outcomes. We report our experience with diagnosing and successfully treating a proximal bronchial perforation in a neonate by primary surgical repair.
Nizamo Hanifa - - 2006
Records of all registered deaths due to injuries maintained by the Legal Medicine Department in Maputo City for the period 1 January to 31 December 2000 were reviewed. Among the 1135 registered deaths, road traffic injuries accounted for the most common underlying cause of death (43.7%), followed by firearm discharge ...
Perlman Jeffrey M - - 2006
In recent years, it has become apparent that temperature can modify the extent of hypoxic-ischemic brain injury. There is an increasing body of experimental and clinical data showing a reduction in the extent of brain injury after intrapartum hypoxia-ischemia with induced hypothermia. Conversely, there is experimental evidence indicating a worsening ...
Perlman Jeffrey M - - 2006
Hypoxic-ischemic cerebral injury that occurs during the perinatal period is one of the most commonly recognized causes of severe, long-term neurologic deficits in children; it is often referred to as cerebral palsy. Despite improvements in perinatal practice during the past several decades, the incidence of cerebral palsy attributed to intrapartum ...
Ward Phil P Department of Paediatrics, MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, Hammersmith Hospital, London, - - 2006
Apparent diffusion coefficients (ADC) that are measured by diffusion-weighted imaging are reduced in severe white matter (WM) and in some severe basal ganglia and thalamic (BGT) injury in infants who present with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). However, ADC values may pseudonormalize or even be high during this time in some less ...
Feldman C - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study was to investigate the effects of pneumococcal hyaluronidase (0.1-10microg/ml), alone and in combination with pneumolysin (50 and 100ng/ml), on human ciliated epithelium. METHODS: Ciliary beat frequency (CBF) and structural integrity of human ciliated respiratory epithelium in vitro were studied using a phototransistor technique ...
Parker Leslie A - - 2006
Part 1 of this 2-part article, "Early Recognition and Treatment of Birth Trauma: Injuries to the Head and Face" provided readers with basic concepts related to birth trauma to the head and face. Part 2 focuses on the pathophysiology, etiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of birth injuries to the intraabdominal ...
Berger Rachel Pardes - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Inflicted traumatic brain injury (iTBI) is the leading cause of death from TBI in infants. Misdiagnosis of iTBI is common and results in increased morbidity and mortality. Biomarkers may be able to assist in screening infants who are at high risk for iTBI and whose injury might otherwise be ...
O'Holleran James D - - 2006
Injury to the medial collateral ligament of the elbow (MCL) can be a career-threatening injury for an overhead athlete without appropriate diagnosis and treatment. It has been considered separately from other athletic injuries due to the unique constellation of pathology that results from repetitive overhead throwing. The past decade has ...
Gurewitsch Edith D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain whether brachial plexus palsy (BPP) that occurs without shoulder dystocia (SD) represents a traction injury during unrecognized SD or a natural phenomenon with a different mechanism of injury, we compared risk factors and outcomes between SD-associated and non-SD-associated BPP. STUDY DESIGN: Neonates with BPP after cephalic vaginal ...
Miniño Arialdi M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This report presents injury mortality data for 2002 using the external-cause-of-injury mortality matrix for the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). The external cause matrix is a detailed and comprehensive framework for tabulating and presenting injury deaths by mechanism and intent of death. Data are presented by age, ...
Szymankiewicz Marta - - 2006
Perinatal asphyxia has a high impact on neonatal mortality, morbidity, and neurological outcome. The hypoxic effects on brain, kidney and gastrointestinal system are well recognized in newborns. While it is known that hypoxia also effects cardiac function, there are few studies of quantitative myocardial injury in premature infants who suffered ...
Richter Elihu D - - 2006
We review milestones in the history of increases in speed limits and travel speeds ("speed creep") and risks for road deaths and injury. Reduced speed limits, speed-camera networks, and speed calming substantially reduce these tolls in absolute numbers-a trend that is apparent in the United Kingdom, Australia, France, and other ...
Lee Chien-Chang - - 2006
The laxity and elasticity of the infant or child spine may predispose him to cervical spine injury without bony disruption. The term 'SCIWORA' syndrome (Spinal Cord Injury Without Radiographic Abnormalities) is commonly used to characterize this condition. We report a 14-month-old infant who fell from a fourth-story window, with delayed ...
Back Stephen A - - 2006
Perinatal brain injury in survivors of premature birth has a unique and unexplained predilection for periventricular cerebral white matter. Periventricular white-matter injury (PWMI) is now the most common cause of brain injury in preterm infants and the leading cause of chronic neurological morbidity. The spectrum of chronic PWMI includes focal ...
Scott A - - 2006
Evidence for diaphragm injury in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been reported, although the extent of injury and collagen accumulation post mortem have not previously been examined. In addition, it is not known whether the amount of injury and collagen are different in key regions of the ...
Page Marianne - - 2006
Road safety performance indicators (RSPI) are policy tools which describe the extent of insecure operational safety conditions within traffic systems. This study describes the production of an RSPI which represents the presence within a country's vehicle fleet, of vehicles that may not effectively protect an occupant in a collision. This ...
Meyer Sascha - - 2006
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of arginine-vasopressin (AVP) as a rescue therapy in catecholamine-refractory septic and non-septic shock in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants with acute renal injury. Prospective assessment of AVP therapy in three ELBW infants with catecholamine-refractory septic shock and acute renal ...
García-Borboroglu Pablo - - 2006
Petroleum pollution is a problem for seabirds along the Southwest Atlantic coast. Twenty-five groups from Salvador, Brazil (12 degrees 58'S) to San Antonio Oeste, Argentina (40 degrees 43'S) survey or rehabilitate sick or oiled seabirds. Four groups, one each in Brazil and Uruguay, and two in Argentina, kept counts of ...
Parker Leslie A - - 2005
The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) Sentinel Event Alert from July 21, 2004 states that there have been 47 cases of birth trauma-related perinatal death or permanent disability reported for JCAHO review since 1996. This report clearly illustrates the importance of birth trauma in clinical practice for ...
Wilson N - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the relative number of deaths in member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) from international terrorism and road crashes. METHODS: Data on deaths from international terrorism (US State Department database) were collated (1994-2003) and compared to the road injury deaths (year 2000 and ...
Jevitt Cecilia M - - 2005
Shoulder dystocia and brachial plexus injury occur in 0.5% to 1.5% of all births. Risk factors for both include maternal obesity, excessive prenatal weight gain, maternal diabetes, protracted labor, and fetal macrosomia. These factors are involved in only about 50% of births complicated by shoulder dystocia or brachial plexus injury. ...
Charron Aurelie - - 2005
A large dataset for PM2.5 and PMcoarse (PM2.5-10) concentrations monitored near a busy London highway (Marylebone Road) has been analyzed to define the factors that lead to high concentrations. The following have been highlighted as major influencing parameters: wind speed, prevailing wind direction (because of its role on the microscale ...
Hamlat Abderrahmane - - 2006
Epidural haematoma in newborn infants is rare, and few specific obstetrical data related to its formation are available in the literature. The aim of this study is to discuss the pathophysiology of this condition. EDH is always a post traumatic lesion and it is only possible if the insult has ...
Schädel-Höpfner M - - 2005
The diagnosis of scapholunate ligament injury by traction radiography was investigated within a consecutive study. The right wrists of 25 healthy volunteers and 22 wrists with arthroscopically proven complete scapholunate ligament tears were examined. Traction radiography was performed under fluoroscopy with a force of 5 kg applied to the thumb. ...
Benjamin Kathleen - - 2005
Brachial plexus injuries (BPI) are usually readily apparent at or shortly after birth. Failure of caregivers to recognize and appropriately treat BPI may contribute to the risk of life-long neuromuscular dysfunction for the infant and represents a serious medical-legal liability for the delivery provider. This article is the second in ...
Zurbrigg Kathy - - 2005
The study objectives were to provide a province-wide description of stall dimensions and the aspects of cattle welfare linked to stall design in the tie-stall industry. Data on stall design; stall dimensions; and the prevalence of lameness, injury, and hind limb and udder cleanliness in lactating dairy cattle were collected ...
Karmel Bernard Z - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Identifying and treating CNS-injured infants has always been Ferenc Katona's main goal. Early on, he showed the importance of "elementary motor patterns" to development, and their application in treatment of early brain injury. We report on a neonatal neurobehavioral assessment derived from Katona that has concurrent and ...
Herbst Melissa A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Treatment of fetal macrosomia presents challenges to practitioners because a potential outcome of shoulder dystocia with permanent brachial plexus injury is costly both to families and to society. Practitioner options include labor induction, elective cesarean delivery, or expectant treatment. We performed a cost-effective analysis to evaluate the treatment strategies ...
Demetriades Demetrios - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Trimodal distribution of trauma deaths, described more than 20 years ago, is still widely taught in the design of trauma systems. The purpose of this study was to examine the applicability of this trimodal distribution in a modern trauma system. STUDY DESIGN: A study of trauma registry and emergency ...
Lin Yi-Lo - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To quantify and compare biochemical characteristics of the extracellular matrix (ECM) of specimens harvested from tensional and compressive regions of the superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) of horses in age classes that include neonates to mature horses. SAMPLE POPULATION: Tendon specimens were collected on postmortem examination from 40 juvenile ...
Davies Kevin - - 2005
Although natural disasters are claiming fewer lives now than even as recently as 30 years ago, they remain responsible for many premature deaths, most in third-world countries. This article highlights the relationship of human factors that can be found with third-world disasters and reviews interventions that have been used to ...
Siegmund Gunter P - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to quantify the occupant response variability due to differences in vehicle and seat design in low-speed rear-end collisions. METHODS: Occupant response variability was quantified using a BioRID dummy exposed to rear-end collisions in 20 different vehicles. Vehicles were rolled rearward into a rigid ...
Hobbs C - - 2005
AIM: To determine incidence, aetiology, and clinical features of subdural haematoma and effusion (SDH/E) in infancy throughout the British Isles. METHODS: Cases were notified to the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit over 12 months by paediatricians, neurosurgeons, and paediatric and forensic pathologists. RESULTS: A total of 186 infants (121 boys, 65 ...
Finch C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Head/orofacial (H/O) injuries are common in Australian rules football. Mouthguards are widely promoted to prevent these injuries, in spite of the lack of formal evidence for their effectiveness. DESIGN: The Australian football injury prevention project was a cluster randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of mouthguards for preventing ...
Rustogi R - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of Acticoat use in primary burn injuries and other skin injuries in premature neonates. PROCEDURES: An audit of eight premature neonates who sustained burn injuries and other cutaneous injuries from various agents were treated with Acticoat. Serum silver levels were measured in three ...
Lam L T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Injury has been identified as a major health problem in China. Different quantitative measures based on the concept of years of potential life lost have been derived for assessing the burden of injury and other diseases. However, few studies have been conducted to compare the usefulness of these measures ...
Ramos Hugo Valter Lisboa - - 2005
AIM: Verify the use of immunohistochemistry as a method to measure all forms of elastic fibers at human vocal folds. STUDY DESIGN: Transversal cohort. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We collected vocal folds following these criterion: age between 25 and 40, Caucasian men, dead by gun shot, within 12 hours of death, ...
Bandak Faris A - - 2005
Traumatic infant shaking has been associated with the shaken baby syndrome (SBS) diagnosis without verification of the operative mechanisms of injury. Intensities for SBS have been expressed only in qualitative, unsubstantiated terms usually referring to acceleration/deceleration rotational injury and relating to falls from great heights onto hard surfaces or from ...
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