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Results 301 - 350 of 940
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Arthurs S P - - 2007
(E,Z) -2,4-decadienoate (pear ester) is a larval kairomone for the codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Orchard studies were conducted in 2005 and 2006 in apple, Malus domestica Borkhausen, and pear, Pyrus communis L., to evaluate a 5% active ingredient (AI), microencapsulated formulation of pear ester (PE-MEC) as an ...
Krugman Scott D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Foreign body aspiration in children is commonly seen in emergency departments and carries a significant mortality. Abusive foreign body suffocation is not well described. METHODS: We present a case-series of four infants who presented with aspiration of a baby wipe. RESULTS: Each child was found to be a victim ...
Cho Ky Young - - 2007
Extravasation injuries in the neonatal intensive care unit are not rare during parenteral hyperalimentation. There have been many different methods of management. We report five premature infants with wounds of hyperalimentation fluid extravasation managed by the antibacterial ointment (Terramycin ophthalmic ointment and sesame oil and a antiinflammatory herbal mixture (MEBO).) ...
Bernard Stephanie J - - 2007
In the United States, unintentional injury, homicide, and suicide are the first, second, and fourth leading causes of death among persons aged 1-19 years, respectively; the highest rates have occurred among minority populations. The effects of age on the difference in rates between white and minority children and the mechanisms ...
Cothren C Clay - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We conducted a comprehensive analysis of the epidemiology of trauma deaths in our urban county during a one-year period a decade ago. In the interim we have implemented a statewide trauma system, initiated a number of injury-prevention programs, and have had a major public effort to reduce drug traffic ...
Shannon F J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Caffey's disease or infantile cortical hyperostosis is a rare cause of irritability, bone pain, soft tissue swelling and fever in the infant. AIMS: To review the presentation and diagnosis of an 8-week old infant with focal tenderness of the tibia. METHODS: The symptoms, signs, laboratory work-up and radiology are ...
Strauss Kevin A - - 2007
Despite early diagnosis, one-third of Amish infants with glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (GA1) develop striatal lesions that leave them permanently disabled. To better understand mechanisms of striatal degeneration, we retrospectively studied imaging results from 25 Amish GA1 patients homozygous for 1296C>T mutations in GCDH. Asymptomatic infants had reduced glucose tracer uptake ...
Phelan Jeffrey P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Recent research has suggested that a nucleated red blood cell (NRBC) count >or=26 per 100 white blood cells (%) or the development of a platelet count <or=100,000 per mm(3) within five days of birth is characteristic of neonates who have experienced acute birth asphyxia. STUDY DESIGN: Study cases were ...
Long Melissa - - 2007
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy causes significant morbidity and mortality in neonates. Preventing the secondary reperfusion injury that occurs following a hypoxic-ischemic event is paramount to ensuring the best possible neurologic outcome for the neonate. Induced hypothermia is currently being studied in various institutions as a means of neuroprotection for neonates at risk ...
Koroukian Siran M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To identify the leading causes of injury- and violence-related deaths in demographic subgroups of the population in Ohio, by Medicaid status. METHODS: We used linked Ohio Medicaid and death certificate files, 1992 to 1998, and obtained the probability (p) of dying from a specific mechanism of injury--given death from ...
Chauhan Suneet P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To delineate factors that differentiate shoulder dystocia with and without brachial plexus injury (BPI). STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study culled from an established shoulder dystocia database. Cases of shoulder dystocia-related BPI were identified and matched (1:1) with a control group of shoulder dystocia in which BPI did not result. ...
Gerber Paula - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Nonaccidental head trauma in infants is the leading cause of infant death from injury. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Clinical features that suggest inflicted head trauma include the triad of the so-called shaken baby syndrome, consisting of retinal hemorrhage, subdural, and/or subarachnoid hemorrhage in an infant with little signs of external ...
Back Stephen A - - 2007
Survivors of premature birth have a predilection for perinatal brain injury, especially to periventricular cerebral white matter. Periventricular white matter injury (PWMI) is now the most common cause of brain injury in preterm infants and the leading cause of chronic neurological morbidity. The spectrum of chronic PWMI includes focal cystic ...
Pracht Etienne E - - 2007
This article analyzes the effectiveness of designated trauma centers in Florida concerning reduction in the mortality risk of severely injured trauma victims. A bivariate probit model is used to compute the differential impact of two alternative acute care treatment sites. The alternative sites are defined as (1) a nontrauma center ...
Drobyshevsky Alexander - - 2007
The objective of the study was to assess predictive value of serial diffusion tensor MRI (DTI) for the white matter injury and neurodevelopmental outcome in a cohort of premature infants. Twenty-four infants less than 32 weeks' gestation were stratified to a control group (n = 11), mild brain injury with ...
Mack Karin A - - 2007
Each year an estimated 328,500 infants age 0-12 months are treated for unintentional injuries in emergency departments (EDs): one infant every minute and a half. The leading cause, overall and by month of age, was fall-related injury. The second leading cause was 'struck by or against.' The majority of patients ...
Tien Homer C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Studies of trauma deaths have had a tremendous impact on the quality of contemporary trauma care. We studied causes of trauma death at a Level I Canadian trauma center, and tabulated preventable deaths from hemorrhage using explicit criteria. METHODS: Trauma registry data were used to identify all trauma deaths ...
Falcone Richard A RA - - 2007
PURPOSE: Injury epidemiology is the underappreciated foundation of injury prevention and control strategies. Given the substantial disparity of infant injury-related mortality between African Americans (AA) and whites in our region, we sought to better understand the epidemiology of infant injury-related mortality rates. METHODS: Our trauma database was reviewed for all ...
Rivas-Ruiz Francisco - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study is to describe the inter-province variability of Road Traffic Injury (RTI) mortality on Spanish roads, adjusted for vehicle-kilometres travelled, and to assess the possible role played by the following explicative variables: sociodemographic, structural, climatic and risk conducts. METHODS: An ecological study design was ...
Eddleston Michael - - 2007
Road traffic crashes are considered by the WHO to be the most important global cause of death from injury. However, this may not be true for large areas of rural Asia where road vehicles are uncommon. The issue is important, since emphasising the importance of road traffic crashes risks switching ...
Väli Marika - - 2007
In 2000, the overall rate of injury deaths in children aged 0-14 was 28.7 per 100000 in Estonia, which is more than 5 times higher than the corresponding rate in neighbouring Finland. This paper describes childhood injury mortality in Estonia by cause and age groups, and validates registration of these ...
West Tim T Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, - - 2007
A previous study from our lab has shown that the polyphenol-rich pomegranate juice can protect the neonatal mouse brain against hypoxic-ischemic (H-I) injury when given to mothers in their drinking water. To test the hypothesis that this protection is due to the polyphenols in the juice, we studied the effects ...
Billiards Saraid S - - 2006
This article addresses the issue of whether the late preterm infant is more susceptible to gray matter injury induced by hypoxia-ischemia than the term infant. Although different gray matter regions display varying patterns of neuronal injury in the face of hypoxia-ischemia during advancing gestational development, little is known about the ...
Lindquist Mats O - - 2006
BACKGROUND: More than half of car crash fatalities are belted occupants, and the majority of these occur as a consequence of frontal crashes. In an earlier study of crash configuration characteristics, we have shown that 48% of fatalities occurred in frontal small overlap (SO) crashes in which less than 30% ...
Borman J B - - 2006
The chest cage is a common target for traumatic damage. Although relatively rare, it is considered to be a serious condition with significant reported mortalities. As most flail injuries are accompanied by severe extrathoracic injuries, it is often difficult to pinpoint a single injury responsible for the patient's death. To ...
van Heel M C V - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Conformational traits are important in breeding, since they may be indicative for performance ability and susceptibility to injuries. OBJECTIVES: To study whether certain desired conformational traits of foals are related to lateralised behaviour while foraging and to the development of uneven feet. METHODS: Twenty-four Warmblood foals, ...
Kobayashi Satoru - - 2006
Spinal cord injury is a rare occurrence that is often difficult to diagnose. This report describes a 2-year-old male with cervicothoracic spinal cord injury. The injury is thought to have occurred in the fetal period because the patient's thorax was markedly hypoplastic at birth and his mother had noticed a ...
Ciurea A V - - 2007
INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND: Traumatic epidural hematoma (EDH) represents a rare head injury complication in infants. Its diagnosis can be quite challenging because its clinical presentation is usually subtle and nonspecific. In our current communication, we present our data regarding the presentation of infants with EDH, their management, and their long-term ...
Robertson Leon S - - 2006
I examined the potential for a lower risk of death compatible with increased fuel economy among 67 models of 1999-2002 model year cars, vans, and sport-utility vehicles (SUVs) during the calendar years 2000 to 2004. The odds of death for drivers and all persons killed in vehicle collisions were related ...
Axelband Jennifer - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There are several reasons to suspect that injuries from all-terrain vehicles (ATV) have become both more serious and frequent in recent years. These reasons include increasing engine power, younger age of operators and inconsistent enforcement of helmet laws. The purpose of this study was to determine if the increase ...
Alexander James M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence and type of fetal injury identified in women undergoing cesarean delivery. METHODS: Between January 1, 1999, and December 31, 2000, a prospective cohort study of all cesarean deliveries was conducted at 13 university centers. Information regarding maternal and infant outcomes was abstracted directly from hospital ...
Stone D H - - 2006
To explore the scope for reducing the number of intentional injury deaths, hypothesizing that all European Union (EU) countries are able to match the experience of the country with the lowest mortality rate for intentional injuries. Intentional injury mortality data for the three last available years and denominator population estimates ...
Chan Wai-Fan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The role of intraoperative neuromonitoring of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) during thyroidectomy has not been well established. The present study evaluates whether RLN injury can be reduced by the application of this technique during thyroidectomy in a single center. METHODS: Of 1000 RLNs that were at risk of injury ...
Bhushan Braj - - 2006
This study attempted to find the association between four measures of laterality (handedness, footedness, eyedness, and earedness) and accident proneness in locomotive drivers. The Sidedness Bias Schedule was administered to a sample of 80 locomotive drivers to ascertain their preferential bias. Their accident records were also available. Positive correlations were ...
Perlman Jeffrey M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence points to an evolving process of brain injury after intrapartum hypoxia-ischemia that initiates in utero and extends into a recovery period. It is during this recovery period that the potential for neuroprotection exists. OBJECTIVE: This discussion briefly reviews the cellular characteristics of hypoxic-ischemic cerebral injury and the ...
Moore Lynne - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The Revised Trauma Score (RTS) calculated with Major Outcome Trauma Study weights (MTOS-RTS) is currently the standard physiologic severity score in trauma research and quality control. It is often confused with the Triage-RTS (T-RTS), a version that is easier to calculate but only intended for clinical triage. OBJECTIVES: To ...
Mann N Clay - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Statewide trauma registries have proliferated in the last decade, suggesting that information could be aggregated to provide an accurate depiction of serious injury in the United States. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether variability exists in the composition and content of statewide trauma registries, specifically addressing case-acquisition, case-definition (inclusion criteria), and ...
Bianchi F J J A - - 2006
Agricultural intensification has resulted in a simplification of agricultural landscapes by the expansion of agricultural land, enlargement of field size and removal of non-crop habitat. These changes are considered to be an important cause of the rapid decline in farmland biodiversity, with the remaining biodiversity concentrated in field edges and ...
Dyachenko Alina - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a predictive model of risk for shoulder dystocia (ShD) with injury. STUDY DESIGN: Medical records in 3 urban university teaching hospitals were reviewed to identify and characterize 498 cases of ShD, including 90 with neonatal injury and a comparison group with ...
Yalçin Sule - - 2006
Sharp foreign bodies reach into the abdomen frequently by ingestion and may lead to various complications including perforation. An 11-month-old infant is presented for straight-pin migration into the abdomen with penetration from the back and through the left diaphragm, spleen, and stomach. The infant was treated successfully with a well-organized ...
Brice Jane H - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The home is the most common site of childhood injury. To address this problem, Orange County Emergency Management developed the novel "Welcome to the World" program to provide paramedic-delivered home safety inspections and interventions to improve early childhood safety. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of infant-safe homes and to ...
Murray Deirdre M - - 2006
The evolution of electroencephalographic changes after acute hypoxic-ischemic injury is poorly understood, as a clear time of insult is often absent and continuous electroencephalographic monitoring in the first 3 days after such injury has not been previously reported. Infants who suffer sudden profound asphyxia, often termed "acute near-total intrauterine asphyxia", ...
Hailu Daniel - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the occurrence, risk factors and outcomes of mechanical birth injuries among live term neonates. METHODS: A two-year retrospective case control study (September 2000-August 2002) was conducted in a referral hospital in Addis Ababa. RESULTS: One hundred and fifty cases and 358 controls were studied. Subgaleal hemorrhage was ...
Broce Alberto B - - 2006
The severity of damage that insects, ticks, and mites may have on their bovine hosts ranges from undetectable effects on energy expenditure to the death of the host. These pest insects can cause direct damage to their hosts by their annoyance, irritation, blood feeding, modification of host behavior, and invasion ...
Enyindah, Cosmos E; Department ...
Context: Birth traumas associated with poor obstetric services contribute significantly not only to the high perinatal morbidity and mortality, but also to long-term sequelae in the survivors in many developing countries. Birth asphyxia, one of the commonest sequelae of such injuries, has remained a common cause of neonatal deaths in ...
Tricco Andrea C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) at the workplace is a significant contributor to the number of work-related deaths that occur per year. This study aimed to quantify and characterize these deaths in Ontario. METHODS: The study design was a case series with analytic and surveillance components. Data was obtained from ...
Dandona R - - 2006
To describe patterns of road traffic injuries (RTI) in a vulnerable population-pedestrians and users of motorized two-wheeled vehicles (MTVs)-in Hyderabad, India. 4019 pedestrians and 4183 MTV drivers provided information on the most recent road traffic crash (RTC) irrespective of the level of injury in the last one year for 17 ...
Urato Adam C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: In obstetrics, the care of patients in labor or with emergencies takes place day and night. Birth-related injury is among the worst of obstetric outcomes. This study sought to examine the relationship between time of birth and fetal injury resulting in death. STUDY DESIGN: The Birth-Related Neurologic Injury Compensation ...
Boardman James P JP Imaging Sciences Department, MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital, Du Cane Road, London W12 0NN, - - 2006
Preterm birth is a leading risk factor for neurodevelopmental and cognitive impairment in childhood and adolescence. The most common known cerebral abnormality among preterm infants at term equivalent age is a diffuse white matter abnormality seen on magnetic resonance (MR) images. It occurs with a similar prevalence to subsequent impairment, ...
Fayoux Pierre - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study aimed at correlating anatomical dimensions of the larynx and trachea to age and weight in a prenatal population. Endotracheal tube size determination was then proposed according to these considerations. METHODS: Anatomical measurements were obtained during 150 fetal and infant postmortem examinations. The optimal endotracheal tube size was ...
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