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Results 301 - 350 of 915
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van Heel M C V - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Conformational traits are important in breeding, since they may be indicative for performance ability and susceptibility to injuries. OBJECTIVES: To study whether certain desired conformational traits of foals are related to lateralised behaviour while foraging and to the development of uneven feet. METHODS: Twenty-four Warmblood foals, ...
Kobayashi Satoru - - 2006
Spinal cord injury is a rare occurrence that is often difficult to diagnose. This report describes a 2-year-old male with cervicothoracic spinal cord injury. The injury is thought to have occurred in the fetal period because the patient's thorax was markedly hypoplastic at birth and his mother had noticed a ...
Ciurea A V - - 2007
INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND: Traumatic epidural hematoma (EDH) represents a rare head injury complication in infants. Its diagnosis can be quite challenging because its clinical presentation is usually subtle and nonspecific. In our current communication, we present our data regarding the presentation of infants with EDH, their management, and their long-term ...
Robertson Leon S - - 2006
I examined the potential for a lower risk of death compatible with increased fuel economy among 67 models of 1999-2002 model year cars, vans, and sport-utility vehicles (SUVs) during the calendar years 2000 to 2004. The odds of death for drivers and all persons killed in vehicle collisions were related ...
Axelband Jennifer - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There are several reasons to suspect that injuries from all-terrain vehicles (ATV) have become both more serious and frequent in recent years. These reasons include increasing engine power, younger age of operators and inconsistent enforcement of helmet laws. The purpose of this study was to determine if the increase ...
Alexander James M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence and type of fetal injury identified in women undergoing cesarean delivery. METHODS: Between January 1, 1999, and December 31, 2000, a prospective cohort study of all cesarean deliveries was conducted at 13 university centers. Information regarding maternal and infant outcomes was abstracted directly from hospital ...
Stone D H - - 2006
To explore the scope for reducing the number of intentional injury deaths, hypothesizing that all European Union (EU) countries are able to match the experience of the country with the lowest mortality rate for intentional injuries. Intentional injury mortality data for the three last available years and denominator population estimates ...
Chan Wai-Fan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The role of intraoperative neuromonitoring of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) during thyroidectomy has not been well established. The present study evaluates whether RLN injury can be reduced by the application of this technique during thyroidectomy in a single center. METHODS: Of 1000 RLNs that were at risk of injury ...
Bhushan Braj - - 2006
This study attempted to find the association between four measures of laterality (handedness, footedness, eyedness, and earedness) and accident proneness in locomotive drivers. The Sidedness Bias Schedule was administered to a sample of 80 locomotive drivers to ascertain their preferential bias. Their accident records were also available. Positive correlations were ...
Perlman Jeffrey M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence points to an evolving process of brain injury after intrapartum hypoxia-ischemia that initiates in utero and extends into a recovery period. It is during this recovery period that the potential for neuroprotection exists. OBJECTIVE: This discussion briefly reviews the cellular characteristics of hypoxic-ischemic cerebral injury and the ...
Moore Lynne - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The Revised Trauma Score (RTS) calculated with Major Outcome Trauma Study weights (MTOS-RTS) is currently the standard physiologic severity score in trauma research and quality control. It is often confused with the Triage-RTS (T-RTS), a version that is easier to calculate but only intended for clinical triage. OBJECTIVES: To ...
Mann N Clay - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Statewide trauma registries have proliferated in the last decade, suggesting that information could be aggregated to provide an accurate depiction of serious injury in the United States. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether variability exists in the composition and content of statewide trauma registries, specifically addressing case-acquisition, case-definition (inclusion criteria), and ...
Bianchi F J J A - - 2006
Agricultural intensification has resulted in a simplification of agricultural landscapes by the expansion of agricultural land, enlargement of field size and removal of non-crop habitat. These changes are considered to be an important cause of the rapid decline in farmland biodiversity, with the remaining biodiversity concentrated in field edges and ...
Dyachenko Alina - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a predictive model of risk for shoulder dystocia (ShD) with injury. STUDY DESIGN: Medical records in 3 urban university teaching hospitals were reviewed to identify and characterize 498 cases of ShD, including 90 with neonatal injury and a comparison group with ...
Yalçin Sule - - 2006
Sharp foreign bodies reach into the abdomen frequently by ingestion and may lead to various complications including perforation. An 11-month-old infant is presented for straight-pin migration into the abdomen with penetration from the back and through the left diaphragm, spleen, and stomach. The infant was treated successfully with a well-organized ...
Brice Jane H - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The home is the most common site of childhood injury. To address this problem, Orange County Emergency Management developed the novel "Welcome to the World" program to provide paramedic-delivered home safety inspections and interventions to improve early childhood safety. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of infant-safe homes and to ...
Murray Deirdre M - - 2006
The evolution of electroencephalographic changes after acute hypoxic-ischemic injury is poorly understood, as a clear time of insult is often absent and continuous electroencephalographic monitoring in the first 3 days after such injury has not been previously reported. Infants who suffer sudden profound asphyxia, often termed "acute near-total intrauterine asphyxia", ...
Hailu Daniel - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the occurrence, risk factors and outcomes of mechanical birth injuries among live term neonates. METHODS: A two-year retrospective case control study (September 2000-August 2002) was conducted in a referral hospital in Addis Ababa. RESULTS: One hundred and fifty cases and 358 controls were studied. Subgaleal hemorrhage was ...
Broce Alberto B - - 2006
The severity of damage that insects, ticks, and mites may have on their bovine hosts ranges from undetectable effects on energy expenditure to the death of the host. These pest insects can cause direct damage to their hosts by their annoyance, irritation, blood feeding, modification of host behavior, and invasion ...
Enyindah, Cosmos E; Department ...
Context: Birth traumas associated with poor obstetric services contribute significantly not only to the high perinatal morbidity and mortality, but also to long-term sequelae in the survivors in many developing countries. Birth asphyxia, one of the commonest sequelae of such injuries, has remained a common cause of neonatal deaths in ...
Tricco Andrea C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) at the workplace is a significant contributor to the number of work-related deaths that occur per year. This study aimed to quantify and characterize these deaths in Ontario. METHODS: The study design was a case series with analytic and surveillance components. Data was obtained from ...
Dandona R - - 2006
To describe patterns of road traffic injuries (RTI) in a vulnerable population-pedestrians and users of motorized two-wheeled vehicles (MTVs)-in Hyderabad, India. 4019 pedestrians and 4183 MTV drivers provided information on the most recent road traffic crash (RTC) irrespective of the level of injury in the last one year for 17 ...
Urato Adam C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: In obstetrics, the care of patients in labor or with emergencies takes place day and night. Birth-related injury is among the worst of obstetric outcomes. This study sought to examine the relationship between time of birth and fetal injury resulting in death. STUDY DESIGN: The Birth-Related Neurologic Injury Compensation ...
Boardman James P JP Imaging Sciences Department, MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital, Du Cane Road, London W12 0NN, - - 2006
Preterm birth is a leading risk factor for neurodevelopmental and cognitive impairment in childhood and adolescence. The most common known cerebral abnormality among preterm infants at term equivalent age is a diffuse white matter abnormality seen on magnetic resonance (MR) images. It occurs with a similar prevalence to subsequent impairment, ...
Fayoux Pierre - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study aimed at correlating anatomical dimensions of the larynx and trachea to age and weight in a prenatal population. Endotracheal tube size determination was then proposed according to these considerations. METHODS: Anatomical measurements were obtained during 150 fetal and infant postmortem examinations. The optimal endotracheal tube size was ...
Chen R Victoria - - 2006
The ventilated premature infant frequently exhibits unprovoked desaturation episodes accompanied by bradycardia. In most instances, these episodes are short-lived and recover spontaneously or with minimal interventions. However, in some infants these episodes may be more profound and require substantial interventions to restore cardiorespiratory status. Here we present the case of ...
Akbari M E - - 2006
A 1-year study of fatal injuries was carried out in 10 provinces of the Islamic Republic of Iran based on a population of 16 740 637 in 2000-01. All reported deaths were compared and validated with other sources of death registration. Out of 66 846 deaths, 9733 (58/100 000) resulted ...
Gipson Christopher L - - 2006
The authors present a 21-day-old infant who sustained a flail chest as a result of nonaccidental trauma. Initial treatment included endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation for hypoxemic respiratory failure followed by the administration of continuous positive airway pressure by nasal cannula. Further evaluation resulted in the identification of nonaccidental as ...
Snodgrass A M - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: To describe the risk factors, causes and outcome of infant injuries so as to guide the formulation of injury prevention strategies specific for Singapore babies less than one year old. METHODS: Demographical, socio-economic data, and data on the circumstances of injury, nature, severity of injury and clinical outcome of ...
Miller Steven P - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Newborns delivered before 28 weeks' gestation commonly have white matter lesions on MRI that are associated with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. Our objective was to determine the risk factors for MRI-detectable white matter injury in infants delivered before 28 weeks' gestation who were treated with prophylactic indomethacin. METHODS: This was ...
Johnson Luke J - - 2006
26 December 2004 is a date that changed the lives of incalculable numbers of persons the world over as a result of the Asian tsunami. Krabi Province was one of the more severely affected areas of Thailand, with many of the dead and injured being non-Thai, persons who were holidaying ...
Torres-Rouff Christina - - 2006
The prehistoric population of San Pedro de Atacama lived through periods marked by prosperity and interregional interaction, as well as times of severe drought, social stress, and widespread poverty. A sample of 682 crania was analyzed for evidence of cranial trauma in order to assess changing patterns of interpersonal violence ...
McClure Melissa M MM Department of Psychology, Behavioral Neuroscience Division, Unit 1020, 806 Babbidge Road, Storrs, CT 06069-1020, - - 2006
Neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI) is a common cause of brain damage and subsequent behavioral deficits in premature/term infants. Rapid auditory processing deficits have been suggested to play a role in later language impairments in this population. We have previously shown auditory deficits in rats with neonatal HI injury and now report ...
Gherman Robert B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Much of our understanding and knowledge of shoulder dystocia has been blurred by inconsistent and scientific studies that are of limited scientific quality. In an evidence-based format, we sought to answer the following questions: (1) Is shoulder dystocia predictable? (2) Can shoulder dystocia be prevented? (3) When shoulder dystocia ...
MacLean Christopher - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of a custom foot orthotic intervention on the lower extremity dynamics in healthy runners. DESIGN: Three-dimensional kinematics and kinetics were collected on 15 female runners (>15 miles per week) while each performed the over-ground running trials in either a shoe only or a shoe+custom foot ...
Schifrin Barry S - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The principles of neonatal neurological protection following intrapartum hypoxia are briefly reviewed. The physiological principles behind the use of cardiotocograph patterns in defining the timing and mechanism of fetal hypoxia and injury are then demonstrated. RECENT FINDINGS: Fetal neurological injury may result from progressive hypoxemia, acidosis, diminished ...
Schöffl Volker Rainer - - 2006
PURPOSE: Ruptures of the finger flexor pulleys are the most frequent injuries in rock climbers. Whereas multiple pulley injuries demand a surgical reconstruction, single ruptures are mainly treated conservatively. Nevertheless, the question of the clinical outcome or a persisting finger strength deficit after conservative therapy arises. METHODS: Twenty-one rock climbers ...
Clark D E - - 2006
To determine whether the Barell matrix (Inj Prev 2002;8:91-6) could effectively categorize injuries by severity. Injury diagnoses of cases in the 2002 US Nationwide Inpatient Sample were classified according to the Barell matrix. For each cell of the matrix, the authors used ICDMAP-90 to determine the predominant Abbreviated Injury Score ...
McLoone E - - 2006
To assess optic disc characteristics in premature infants with and without ischaemic brain injury and to evaluate the role of optic disc morphology in dating the injury. RetCam fundal images, cranial ultrasounds and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of 109 premature infants were analysed. The study cohort was divided into subgroups ...
Speer Michael - - 2006
This article briefly reviews the pathogenesis of hypoxic-ischemic cerebral injury, the experimental data, and clinical studies that have evaluated the potential therapeutic benefit of modest selective or whole body hypothermia in reducing the subsequent development of irreversible brain injury without untoward side effects. Data are insufficient to recommend routine use ...
Schluter Philip J - - 2006
AIMS: Child injury is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in developed countries. While Pacific infant death rates are relatively high in New Zealand, little is known about non-fatal injury rates. We seek to describe maternally reported injury in Pacific infants aged between 0-24 months. METHODS: A cohort of ...
Shields Brenda J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Here we describe the epidemiologic characteristics and secular trends of infant walker-related injuries among children who are younger than 15 months in the United States. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System of the US Consumer Product Safety Commission, 1990-2001. Sample ...
McCann Ulysses - - 2006
Premature infants who require endotracheal intubation may be subject to iatrogenic tracheobronchial injuries. Such injuries are relatively rare, can be difficult to diagnose, and are often associated with poor outcomes. We report our experience with diagnosing and successfully treating a proximal bronchial perforation in a neonate by primary surgical repair.
Nizamo Hanifa - - 2006
Records of all registered deaths due to injuries maintained by the Legal Medicine Department in Maputo City for the period 1 January to 31 December 2000 were reviewed. Among the 1135 registered deaths, road traffic injuries accounted for the most common underlying cause of death (43.7%), followed by firearm discharge ...
Perlman Jeffrey M - - 2006
In recent years, it has become apparent that temperature can modify the extent of hypoxic-ischemic brain injury. There is an increasing body of experimental and clinical data showing a reduction in the extent of brain injury after intrapartum hypoxia-ischemia with induced hypothermia. Conversely, there is experimental evidence indicating a worsening ...
Perlman Jeffrey M - - 2006
Hypoxic-ischemic cerebral injury that occurs during the perinatal period is one of the most commonly recognized causes of severe, long-term neurologic deficits in children; it is often referred to as cerebral palsy. Despite improvements in perinatal practice during the past several decades, the incidence of cerebral palsy attributed to intrapartum ...
Ward Phil P Department of Paediatrics, MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, Hammersmith Hospital, London, - - 2006
Apparent diffusion coefficients (ADC) that are measured by diffusion-weighted imaging are reduced in severe white matter (WM) and in some severe basal ganglia and thalamic (BGT) injury in infants who present with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). However, ADC values may pseudonormalize or even be high during this time in some less ...
Feldman C - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study was to investigate the effects of pneumococcal hyaluronidase (0.1-10microg/ml), alone and in combination with pneumolysin (50 and 100ng/ml), on human ciliated epithelium. METHODS: Ciliary beat frequency (CBF) and structural integrity of human ciliated respiratory epithelium in vitro were studied using a phototransistor technique ...
Parker Leslie A - - 2006
Part 1 of this 2-part article, "Early Recognition and Treatment of Birth Trauma: Injuries to the Head and Face" provided readers with basic concepts related to birth trauma to the head and face. Part 2 focuses on the pathophysiology, etiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of birth injuries to the intraabdominal ...
Berger Rachel Pardes - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Inflicted traumatic brain injury (iTBI) is the leading cause of death from TBI in infants. Misdiagnosis of iTBI is common and results in increased morbidity and mortality. Biomarkers may be able to assist in screening infants who are at high risk for iTBI and whose injury might otherwise be ...
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