Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 939
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Gunn Alistair J - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this article is to assess evidence for the timing of brain injury associated with clinical encephalopathy in the fetus and newborn. RECENT FINDINGS: Older studies found strong epidemiological links between antenatal factors, including exposure to infection, and acute encephalopathy and later cerebral palsy. In ...
Oehmichen Manfred - - 2008
The discussion surrounding shaken baby syndrome (SBS) arose from the lack of evidence implicating diffuse axonal injury (DAI) as a cause of death. It was assumed instead that injury to the cervical cord, medulla, and nerve roots played a causal role. The present pathomorphological study examines 18 selected infants (<1-year-old) ...
- - 2008
Professional logging is one of the most hazardous occupations in the United States, and the factors contributing to injuries and fatalities associated with this occupation are well documented. However, little has been reported about logging fatalities in the nonoccupational setting. To better characterize nonoccupational logging fatalities, the Vermont Department of ...
Miyazaki Tetsuji - - 2008
A motor scooter carrying two 15-year-old boys collided with the back of an open, parked truck. The tailgate of the truck was down and in a horizontal position. At the autopsy of the driver, horizontal tramline bruises were found on the anterior chest, but the thoracic cage was intact. There ...
Naci Huseyin - - 2008
The importance of road traffic injuries in Turkey is not generally appreciated, in part due to lack of knowledge of its economic burden and in part due to major underestimation in official statistics. The total years of potential life lost and potentially productive years of life lost from mortality were ...
Dissanaike Sharmila - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Motor vehicle collisions are the leading cause of trauma-related death in the United States. Reclined seatbacks may alter crash kinetics and affect occupant outcome. We examined the effect of reclined seatbacks on occupant mortality. METHODS: Our study population consisted of United States traffic crashes from 1995 to 2005, using ...
Strukcinskiene B - - 2008
AIM: Low- and middle-income countries bear far higher road traffic injury mortality rates than high-income countries. This paper considers the changing picture of child traffic injury mortality in Lithuania over a 35-year period. METHODS: Road traffic injury mortality data, mortality data from other causes, and population data have been used ...
Ramachandrappa Ashwin - - 2008
The introduction of new modalities of treatment for the very premature infant and advanced life-support systems have led to a decrease in the neonatal mortality rate, and a consequent increase in the population of the tiniest survivors. Many premature infants that survive their neonatal intensive care unit stay have permanent ...
Kelly Joseph F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The opinion that injuries sustained in Iraq and Afghanistan have increased in severity is widely held by clinicians who have deployed multiple times. To continuously improve combat casualty care, the Department of Defense has enacted numerous evidence-based policies and clinical practice guidelines. We hypothesized that the severity of wounds ...
Thornley S J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe the methods, characteristics of participants, and report on the preliminary findings of a longitudinal study of cyclists. DESIGN: Web-based survey to establish a cohort of cyclists. SETTING: Participants in the largest mass-participation bicycle event in New Zealand, the Wattyl Lake Taupo Cycle Challenge. PARTICIPANTS: 2469 riders who ...
Zhou Ji-hong - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To analyze characteristics and causes of road crash and injuries in China from 2003 to 2005. METHODS: The data of road crash in 2003-2005 were collected to study the characteristics including total vehicle number, occurrence rates of traffic accidents and serious traffic accidents so as to discuss the causes ...
Grant Maria B - - 2008
Erythropoietin (Epo) leads to the proliferation and differentiation of erythroid precursors, but is also involved in diverse nonhematopoietic biological functions. In this issue of the JCI, Chen, Smith, and colleagues demonstrate that the temporal expression of Epo is critical for determining whether physiological or pathological repair occurs following neurovascular retinal ...
Gerstner Bettina - - 2008
Periventricular leukomalacia is the predominant injury in the preterm infant leading to cerebral palsy. Oxygen exposure may be an additional cause of brain injury in these infants. In this study, we investigated pathways of maturation-dependent oligodendrocyte (OL) death induced by hyperoxia in vitro and in vivo. Developing and mature OLs ...
Lechpammer M M Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2008
Periventricular white matter injury in premature infants occurs following hypoxia/ischaemia and systemic infection, and results in hypomyelination, as well as neuromotor and cognitive deficits later in life. Inflammatory infiltrates are seen within human cerebral white matter from periventricular leucomalacia (PVL) cases. In this study, we examine the time course of ...
Yikilmaz Ali - - 2008
Sonographic patterns of brain injury in the term and near-term infant are quite different from those in the premature infant. Although periventricular leukomalacia and germinal matrix hemorrhage are rarely seen in term infants, selective neuronal injury, parasagittal infarction, focal stroke, diffuse hypoxic-ischemic injury, and deep parenchymal hemorrhages are more common ...
Backe Bjørn - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and prognosis of obstetric brachial plexus injuries and analyze associated risk factors. DESIGN: Analysis of prospectively collected information comprising all births from 1991 to 2000, with complete follow-up of affected children. Setting. St Olav's University Hospital, a tertiary care hospital in the middle part of ...
Gill James R - - 2008
A spectrum of neuropathology occurs in infants who sustain traumatic brain injury. Because of a prolonged survival interval, there is a risk that these deaths may not be recognized as a sequel of trauma. We reviewed the records in New York City of 5 delayed fatalities due to nonaccidental infant ...
Pressler Jana L - - 2008
A classification system of various forms of major newborn birth injuries is clearly lacking in the literature. Currently, no scales exist for distinguishing degrees, extent, or distinctions of major birth injuries. The purpose of this study was to use published and online literature to explore the timing, prediction, and outcomes ...
Zolotov Alexander S - - 2008
The author presents the case report of the rare for infant injury - the laceration of flexor pollicis longus tendon, which requires decisions on some complex questions relating to optimal tendon suture, suture material, type and duration of immobilisation, and the protocol for post-operative management.
Wynne Ryan D - - 2008
Mechanical or anoxic/ischemic brain insult results in reactive gliosis and a pronounced wave of apoptotic secondary degeneration (WSD). Reactive glia express aromatase (estrogen synthase) and glial estrogen synthesis decreases apoptosis and the volume of degeneration. Whether aromatization by glia affects gliosis itself or the initiation/maintenance of the WSD remains unknown. ...
Altimier Leslie - - 2008
Non-accidental head trauma in infants is the leading cause of infant death from injury. Clinical features that suggest head trauma (also known as shaken baby syndrome or shaken impact syndrome) include the triad consisting of retinal hemorrhage, subdural, and/or subarachnoid hemorrhage in an infant with little signs of external trauma. ...
Segal Ava D - - 2008
Successful community and household ambulation require the ability to navigate corners and maneuver around obstacles, posing unique challenges compared to straight-line walking. The challenges associated with turning may contribute to an increased incidence of falling and the occurrence of fall-related injuries. A measure of stability applied to turning gait may ...
Talbert David - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The possibility of shaking an infant sufficiently violently to cause brain damage by head rotational acceleration remains controversial and the nature of the anticipated injuries poorly defined. Animal studies of whiplash injuries have revealed two modes of injury; subdural haemorrhage (SDH) and cortex surface injury (CSI). CSI can be ...
Glass Hannah C HC Department of Neurology, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California, - - 2008
Periventricular leukomalacia is a risk factor for visual impairment in children born prematurely. The impact of diffuse white-matter injury, as detected on magnetic resonance imaging, on early visual function is unknown. We developed two 5-point visual-gaze scores to analyze the association between this clinical assessment and white-matter injury in 93 ...
Sato Yoshiaki - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Parasagittal cerebral injury is a type of cerebral injury in term infants, which is characterized by the predominant injury of the arterial border zones of the anterior, middle and posterior cerebral arteries, however its early clinical manifestation is mostly unclear. AIM: To understand early clinical features of parasagittal cerebral ...
Conroy Carol - - 2007
Motor vehicle rollover crashes result in complex occupant kinematics with the potential for severe injury. Five cases of fatal asphyxia in occupants suspended from their safety belt upside down after a rollover crash are presented. These fatalities accounted for 13.5% of all motor vehicle related asphyxia deaths in San Diego ...
Loewe Cheryl L - - 2007
Between the years 1987 and 2005, there were 6 deaths reported in Wayne County, Michigan, associated with pitbull dog attacks. This article discusses the age incidence, scene investigation, nature of the injuries, and discussion relative to fatal dog attacks, an unusual accidental type of death.
Martiello M A - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Road traffic injuries constitute a major public health issue. The Province of Grosseto is one of the territories most affected in the Region of Tuscany. The objective of the study, part of the Road Safety Provincial Council's project, is to describe the epidemiology of the road accidents in order ...
Smith Alice B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance neurography (MRN) enables visualization of peripheral nerves. Clinical examination and electrodiagnostic studies have been used in the evaluation of birth-related brachial plexus injury. These are limited in their demonstration of anatomic detail and severity of injury. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the utility of MRN in evaluating birth-related brachial ...
Comins J - - 2008
The knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), based on the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), is widely used to evaluate subjective outcome in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructed patients. However, the validity of KOOS has not been assessed using Rasch analysis. The objective of this study ...
- - 2007
Deaths from unintentional injuries account for approximately two thirds of deaths from all injuries in the United States. Among persons aged 1-44 years, unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death and the leading cause of potential years of life lost before age 65 years. A Healthy People 2010 national ...
Balogh Zsolt - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The severity of pelvic ring fractures (PRFs) can range from minor injury with low-energy mechanism to high-energy injury causing prehospital death. The purpose of this study was to prospectively describe the comprehensive pelvic fracture occurrence in an inclusive trauma system. METHODS: A 12-month prospective, population-based epidemiologic study was performed ...
Brimacombe Michael - - 2008
On the basis of 333 documented cases of permanent perinatal neurological damage, associated with arrest of the shoulders at birth, the authors conducted a retrospective study in order to evaluate the predisposing role, if any, of the utilization of extraction instruments. The investigation revealed that 35% of all injuries occurred ...
Larionov Sergey N - - 2008
OBJECT: Subdural hematomas (SDHs) in full-term infants have the potential to cause death or lifelong disability. We report management and outcomes of eight cases of newborn with large SDH treated by streptokinase (SK) lavage and drainage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2003 and 2006, eight infants with large acute SDH with ...
Pang Jia-Min - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the classical trimodal distribution of trauma deaths is still applicable in a contemporary urban New Zealand trauma system. METHODS: All trauma deaths in the greater Auckland region between 1 January 2004 and 31 December 2004 were identified and reviewed. Data was obtained from hospital trauma registries, ...
Byard Roger W - - 2007
It has been asserted that hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) with cerebral swelling in the absence of marked trauma may be responsible for subural hemorrhage in the young. As this may have considerable implications in determining both the mechanism of death and the degree of force required to cause injury in certain ...
Peck M D - - 2007
The relationship of death rates due to injury with the dissolution of the Soviet empire deserves special focus because of the impact of injury deaths on the productive working population between the ages of 15 and 65 years. A retrospective review was performed of annual mortality rates due to intentional ...
Guse Clare E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: US citizens are increasingly traveling, working, and studying abroad as well as retiring abroad. The objective of this study was to describe the type and scope of injury deaths among US citizens abroad and to compare injury death proportions by region to those in the United States. METHODS: A ...
Baergen Rebecca N - - 2007
The placenta not only "records" and reflects the intrauterine environment, it also provides valuable information on the cause and timing of many adverse events and conditions. The placenta may be useful in several ways. It may be the cause of injury due to an inherent abnormality, it may "malfunction" because ...
Limperopoulos Catherine - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Although cerebellar hemorrhagic injury is increasingly diagnosed in infants who survive premature birth, its long-term neurodevelopmental impact is poorly defined. We sought to delineate the potential role of cerebellar hemorrhagic injury in the long-term disabilities of survivors of prematurity. DESIGN: We compared neurodevelopmental outcome in 3 groups of premature ...
Jehle Dietrich - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Rollover crashes are responsible for a large portion of motor vehicle occupant injuries and fatalities. OBJECTIVES: To examine if there is an increased risk of injury or death for either front seat occupant depending on the direction the vehicle rolled over. METHODS: Between 1992 and 2002, crash data were ...
Okada Toshie - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The renoprotective effect of erythropoietin (EPO) and the nonhematopoietic EPO, asialoEPO was investigated in a murine ischemia-reperfusion injury (I/R) model. METHODS: I/R was created by clamping the right renal pedicle for 60 min after left nephrectomy. Balb/c mice were divided into four groups (n=15 in each group): sham operation ...
Lunetta Philippe - - 2007
Medicolegal autopsies are a vital tool for obtaining reliable injury mortality data. In Finland, medicolegal autopsies have increased from 13.6% of all deaths in 1970 to 23.8% in 2004. In fact, medicolegal autopsies are performed in 87.2% of all unintentional injury deaths, 98.3% of homicides and 99.5% of suicides. Finland ...
Brunssen Susan H - - 2007
Neurocognitive outcomes of infants born very preterm (less than 32 weeks gestation) remain a major concern in perinatal practice. Very preterm birth rates have increased, with enhanced survival since 1990. As focal brain lesions become less common, diffuse injury to both gray and white matter is now the primary focus ...
Al-Ghamdi Ali S - - 2007
Highway safety is a major concern to the public and to transportation professionals, so the number of crashes caused by poor visibility due to fog form an alarming statistic. Drivers respond to poor visibility conditions in different ways: some slow down; others do not. Many drivers simply follow the taillights ...
Róka Anikó - - 2007
AIM: Asphyxia is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in term infants. In addition to cerebral injury other organs are also distressed due to hypoxic-ischaemic insult. Systemic hypothermia has a beneficial effect on brain injury. We tested the impact of hypothermia on hypoxic damage of other internal organs. METHODS: ...
Björnstig Ulf - - 2008
Between 1995 and 2004, 293 passenger car occupants died in collisions with other vehicles in northern Sweden (annual incidence: 3.3 per 100,000 inhabitants, 6.9 per 100,000 cars, or 4.8 per 10(9)km driven); half of these deaths involved heavy vehicles. The annual number of passenger car occupant deaths per 100,000 cars ...
Erke Alena - - 2008
This study summarizes evidence from empirical studies on the effects of electronic stability control (ESC) on accidents in a meta-analysis. Large reductions of single vehicle accidents have been found (-49%; 95% confidence interval: [-55%; -42%]), and smaller but still significant reductions of head-on collisions (-13%; 95% confidence interval: [-17%; -8%]). ...
Blondell Jerome M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Trends in rates of unintentional pesticide illnesses and injuries by type were estimated for the United States from 1995 to 2004. METHODS: Poison Control Center data were examined for the years 1995 through 2004. Rates were calculated for pesticide type and selected pesticide classes based on estimated total United ...
Arthurs S P - - 2007
(E,Z) -2,4-decadienoate (pear ester) is a larval kairomone for the codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Orchard studies were conducted in 2005 and 2006 in apple, Malus domestica Borkhausen, and pear, Pyrus communis L., to evaluate a 5% active ingredient (AI), microencapsulated formulation of pear ester (PE-MEC) as an ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >