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Results 251 - 300 of 915
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Sato Yoshiaki - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Parasagittal cerebral injury is a type of cerebral injury in term infants, which is characterized by the predominant injury of the arterial border zones of the anterior, middle and posterior cerebral arteries, however its early clinical manifestation is mostly unclear. AIM: To understand early clinical features of parasagittal cerebral ...
Conroy Carol - - 2007
Motor vehicle rollover crashes result in complex occupant kinematics with the potential for severe injury. Five cases of fatal asphyxia in occupants suspended from their safety belt upside down after a rollover crash are presented. These fatalities accounted for 13.5% of all motor vehicle related asphyxia deaths in San Diego ...
Loewe Cheryl L - - 2007
Between the years 1987 and 2005, there were 6 deaths reported in Wayne County, Michigan, associated with pitbull dog attacks. This article discusses the age incidence, scene investigation, nature of the injuries, and discussion relative to fatal dog attacks, an unusual accidental type of death.
Martiello M A - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Road traffic injuries constitute a major public health issue. The Province of Grosseto is one of the territories most affected in the Region of Tuscany. The objective of the study, part of the Road Safety Provincial Council's project, is to describe the epidemiology of the road accidents in order ...
Smith Alice B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance neurography (MRN) enables visualization of peripheral nerves. Clinical examination and electrodiagnostic studies have been used in the evaluation of birth-related brachial plexus injury. These are limited in their demonstration of anatomic detail and severity of injury. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the utility of MRN in evaluating birth-related brachial ...
Comins J - - 2008
The knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), based on the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), is widely used to evaluate subjective outcome in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructed patients. However, the validity of KOOS has not been assessed using Rasch analysis. The objective of this study ...
- - 2007
Deaths from unintentional injuries account for approximately two thirds of deaths from all injuries in the United States. Among persons aged 1-44 years, unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death and the leading cause of potential years of life lost before age 65 years. A Healthy People 2010 national ...
Balogh Zsolt - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The severity of pelvic ring fractures (PRFs) can range from minor injury with low-energy mechanism to high-energy injury causing prehospital death. The purpose of this study was to prospectively describe the comprehensive pelvic fracture occurrence in an inclusive trauma system. METHODS: A 12-month prospective, population-based epidemiologic study was performed ...
Brimacombe Michael - - 2008
On the basis of 333 documented cases of permanent perinatal neurological damage, associated with arrest of the shoulders at birth, the authors conducted a retrospective study in order to evaluate the predisposing role, if any, of the utilization of extraction instruments. The investigation revealed that 35% of all injuries occurred ...
Larionov Sergey N - - 2008
OBJECT: Subdural hematomas (SDHs) in full-term infants have the potential to cause death or lifelong disability. We report management and outcomes of eight cases of newborn with large SDH treated by streptokinase (SK) lavage and drainage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2003 and 2006, eight infants with large acute SDH with ...
Pang Jia-Min - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the classical trimodal distribution of trauma deaths is still applicable in a contemporary urban New Zealand trauma system. METHODS: All trauma deaths in the greater Auckland region between 1 January 2004 and 31 December 2004 were identified and reviewed. Data was obtained from hospital trauma registries, ...
Byard Roger W - - 2007
It has been asserted that hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) with cerebral swelling in the absence of marked trauma may be responsible for subural hemorrhage in the young. As this may have considerable implications in determining both the mechanism of death and the degree of force required to cause injury in certain ...
Peck M D - - 2007
The relationship of death rates due to injury with the dissolution of the Soviet empire deserves special focus because of the impact of injury deaths on the productive working population between the ages of 15 and 65 years. A retrospective review was performed of annual mortality rates due to intentional ...
Guse Clare E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: US citizens are increasingly traveling, working, and studying abroad as well as retiring abroad. The objective of this study was to describe the type and scope of injury deaths among US citizens abroad and to compare injury death proportions by region to those in the United States. METHODS: A ...
Baergen Rebecca N - - 2007
The placenta not only "records" and reflects the intrauterine environment, it also provides valuable information on the cause and timing of many adverse events and conditions. The placenta may be useful in several ways. It may be the cause of injury due to an inherent abnormality, it may "malfunction" because ...
Limperopoulos Catherine - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Although cerebellar hemorrhagic injury is increasingly diagnosed in infants who survive premature birth, its long-term neurodevelopmental impact is poorly defined. We sought to delineate the potential role of cerebellar hemorrhagic injury in the long-term disabilities of survivors of prematurity. DESIGN: We compared neurodevelopmental outcome in 3 groups of premature ...
Jehle Dietrich - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Rollover crashes are responsible for a large portion of motor vehicle occupant injuries and fatalities. OBJECTIVES: To examine if there is an increased risk of injury or death for either front seat occupant depending on the direction the vehicle rolled over. METHODS: Between 1992 and 2002, crash data were ...
Okada Toshie - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The renoprotective effect of erythropoietin (EPO) and the nonhematopoietic EPO, asialoEPO was investigated in a murine ischemia-reperfusion injury (I/R) model. METHODS: I/R was created by clamping the right renal pedicle for 60 min after left nephrectomy. Balb/c mice were divided into four groups (n=15 in each group): sham operation ...
Lunetta Philippe - - 2007
Medicolegal autopsies are a vital tool for obtaining reliable injury mortality data. In Finland, medicolegal autopsies have increased from 13.6% of all deaths in 1970 to 23.8% in 2004. In fact, medicolegal autopsies are performed in 87.2% of all unintentional injury deaths, 98.3% of homicides and 99.5% of suicides. Finland ...
Brunssen Susan H - - 2007
Neurocognitive outcomes of infants born very preterm (less than 32 weeks gestation) remain a major concern in perinatal practice. Very preterm birth rates have increased, with enhanced survival since 1990. As focal brain lesions become less common, diffuse injury to both gray and white matter is now the primary focus ...
Al-Ghamdi Ali S - - 2007
Highway safety is a major concern to the public and to transportation professionals, so the number of crashes caused by poor visibility due to fog form an alarming statistic. Drivers respond to poor visibility conditions in different ways: some slow down; others do not. Many drivers simply follow the taillights ...
Róka Anikó - - 2007
AIM: Asphyxia is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in term infants. In addition to cerebral injury other organs are also distressed due to hypoxic-ischaemic insult. Systemic hypothermia has a beneficial effect on brain injury. We tested the impact of hypothermia on hypoxic damage of other internal organs. METHODS: ...
Björnstig Ulf - - 2008
Between 1995 and 2004, 293 passenger car occupants died in collisions with other vehicles in northern Sweden (annual incidence: 3.3 per 100,000 inhabitants, 6.9 per 100,000 cars, or 4.8 per 10(9)km driven); half of these deaths involved heavy vehicles. The annual number of passenger car occupant deaths per 100,000 cars ...
Erke Alena - - 2008
This study summarizes evidence from empirical studies on the effects of electronic stability control (ESC) on accidents in a meta-analysis. Large reductions of single vehicle accidents have been found (-49%; 95% confidence interval: [-55%; -42%]), and smaller but still significant reductions of head-on collisions (-13%; 95% confidence interval: [-17%; -8%]). ...
Blondell Jerome M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Trends in rates of unintentional pesticide illnesses and injuries by type were estimated for the United States from 1995 to 2004. METHODS: Poison Control Center data were examined for the years 1995 through 2004. Rates were calculated for pesticide type and selected pesticide classes based on estimated total United ...
Arthurs S P - - 2007
(E,Z) -2,4-decadienoate (pear ester) is a larval kairomone for the codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Orchard studies were conducted in 2005 and 2006 in apple, Malus domestica Borkhausen, and pear, Pyrus communis L., to evaluate a 5% active ingredient (AI), microencapsulated formulation of pear ester (PE-MEC) as an ...
Krugman Scott D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Foreign body aspiration in children is commonly seen in emergency departments and carries a significant mortality. Abusive foreign body suffocation is not well described. METHODS: We present a case-series of four infants who presented with aspiration of a baby wipe. RESULTS: Each child was found to be a victim ...
Cho Ky Young - - 2007
Extravasation injuries in the neonatal intensive care unit are not rare during parenteral hyperalimentation. There have been many different methods of management. We report five premature infants with wounds of hyperalimentation fluid extravasation managed by the antibacterial ointment (Terramycin ophthalmic ointment and sesame oil and a antiinflammatory herbal mixture (MEBO).) ...
Bernard Stephanie J - - 2007
In the United States, unintentional injury, homicide, and suicide are the first, second, and fourth leading causes of death among persons aged 1-19 years, respectively; the highest rates have occurred among minority populations. The effects of age on the difference in rates between white and minority children and the mechanisms ...
Cothren C Clay - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We conducted a comprehensive analysis of the epidemiology of trauma deaths in our urban county during a one-year period a decade ago. In the interim we have implemented a statewide trauma system, initiated a number of injury-prevention programs, and have had a major public effort to reduce drug traffic ...
Shannon F J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Caffey's disease or infantile cortical hyperostosis is a rare cause of irritability, bone pain, soft tissue swelling and fever in the infant. AIMS: To review the presentation and diagnosis of an 8-week old infant with focal tenderness of the tibia. METHODS: The symptoms, signs, laboratory work-up and radiology are ...
Strauss Kevin A - - 2007
Despite early diagnosis, one-third of Amish infants with glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (GA1) develop striatal lesions that leave them permanently disabled. To better understand mechanisms of striatal degeneration, we retrospectively studied imaging results from 25 Amish GA1 patients homozygous for 1296C>T mutations in GCDH. Asymptomatic infants had reduced glucose tracer uptake ...
Phelan Jeffrey P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Recent research has suggested that a nucleated red blood cell (NRBC) count >or=26 per 100 white blood cells (%) or the development of a platelet count <or=100,000 per mm(3) within five days of birth is characteristic of neonates who have experienced acute birth asphyxia. STUDY DESIGN: Study cases were ...
Long Melissa - - 2007
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy causes significant morbidity and mortality in neonates. Preventing the secondary reperfusion injury that occurs following a hypoxic-ischemic event is paramount to ensuring the best possible neurologic outcome for the neonate. Induced hypothermia is currently being studied in various institutions as a means of neuroprotection for neonates at risk ...
Koroukian Siran M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To identify the leading causes of injury- and violence-related deaths in demographic subgroups of the population in Ohio, by Medicaid status. METHODS: We used linked Ohio Medicaid and death certificate files, 1992 to 1998, and obtained the probability (p) of dying from a specific mechanism of injury--given death from ...
Chauhan Suneet P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To delineate factors that differentiate shoulder dystocia with and without brachial plexus injury (BPI). STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study culled from an established shoulder dystocia database. Cases of shoulder dystocia-related BPI were identified and matched (1:1) with a control group of shoulder dystocia in which BPI did not result. ...
Gerber Paula - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Nonaccidental head trauma in infants is the leading cause of infant death from injury. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Clinical features that suggest inflicted head trauma include the triad of the so-called shaken baby syndrome, consisting of retinal hemorrhage, subdural, and/or subarachnoid hemorrhage in an infant with little signs of external ...
Back Stephen A - - 2007
Survivors of premature birth have a predilection for perinatal brain injury, especially to periventricular cerebral white matter. Periventricular white matter injury (PWMI) is now the most common cause of brain injury in preterm infants and the leading cause of chronic neurological morbidity. The spectrum of chronic PWMI includes focal cystic ...
Pracht Etienne E - - 2007
This article analyzes the effectiveness of designated trauma centers in Florida concerning reduction in the mortality risk of severely injured trauma victims. A bivariate probit model is used to compute the differential impact of two alternative acute care treatment sites. The alternative sites are defined as (1) a nontrauma center ...
Drobyshevsky Alexander - - 2007
The objective of the study was to assess predictive value of serial diffusion tensor MRI (DTI) for the white matter injury and neurodevelopmental outcome in a cohort of premature infants. Twenty-four infants less than 32 weeks' gestation were stratified to a control group (n = 11), mild brain injury with ...
Mack Karin A - - 2007
Each year an estimated 328,500 infants age 0-12 months are treated for unintentional injuries in emergency departments (EDs): one infant every minute and a half. The leading cause, overall and by month of age, was fall-related injury. The second leading cause was 'struck by or against.' The majority of patients ...
Tien Homer C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Studies of trauma deaths have had a tremendous impact on the quality of contemporary trauma care. We studied causes of trauma death at a Level I Canadian trauma center, and tabulated preventable deaths from hemorrhage using explicit criteria. METHODS: Trauma registry data were used to identify all trauma deaths ...
Falcone Richard A RA - - 2007
PURPOSE: Injury epidemiology is the underappreciated foundation of injury prevention and control strategies. Given the substantial disparity of infant injury-related mortality between African Americans (AA) and whites in our region, we sought to better understand the epidemiology of infant injury-related mortality rates. METHODS: Our trauma database was reviewed for all ...
Rivas-Ruiz Francisco - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study is to describe the inter-province variability of Road Traffic Injury (RTI) mortality on Spanish roads, adjusted for vehicle-kilometres travelled, and to assess the possible role played by the following explicative variables: sociodemographic, structural, climatic and risk conducts. METHODS: An ecological study design was ...
West Tim - - 2007
A previous study from our lab has shown that the polyphenol-rich pomegranate juice can protect the neonatal mouse brain against hypoxic-ischemic (H-I) injury when given to mothers in their drinking water. To test the hypothesis that this protection is due to the polyphenols in the juice, we studied the effects ...
Eddleston Michael - - 2007
Road traffic crashes are considered by the WHO to be the most important global cause of death from injury. However, this may not be true for large areas of rural Asia where road vehicles are uncommon. The issue is important, since emphasising the importance of road traffic crashes risks switching ...
Väli Marika - - 2007
In 2000, the overall rate of injury deaths in children aged 0-14 was 28.7 per 100000 in Estonia, which is more than 5 times higher than the corresponding rate in neighbouring Finland. This paper describes childhood injury mortality in Estonia by cause and age groups, and validates registration of these ...
Billiards Saraid S - - 2006
This article addresses the issue of whether the late preterm infant is more susceptible to gray matter injury induced by hypoxia-ischemia than the term infant. Although different gray matter regions display varying patterns of neuronal injury in the face of hypoxia-ischemia during advancing gestational development, little is known about the ...
Lindquist Mats O - - 2006
BACKGROUND: More than half of car crash fatalities are belted occupants, and the majority of these occur as a consequence of frontal crashes. In an earlier study of crash configuration characteristics, we have shown that 48% of fatalities occurred in frontal small overlap (SO) crashes in which less than 30% ...
Borman J B - - 2006
The chest cage is a common target for traumatic damage. Although relatively rare, it is considered to be a serious condition with significant reported mortalities. As most flail injuries are accompanied by severe extrathoracic injuries, it is often difficult to pinpoint a single injury responsible for the patient's death. To ...
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