Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 915
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Vinchon Matthieu - - 2010
Subdural hematomas (SDH) in infants often result from nonaccidental head injury (NAHI), which is diagnosed based on the absence of history of trauma and the presence of associated lesions. When these are lacking, the possibility of spontaneous SDH in infant (SSDHI) is raised, but this entity is hotly debated; in ...
Schuman Theodore A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Perinatal pharyngoesophageal instrumentation, including endotracheal intubation, oral suctioning, and feeding tube placement, is often necessary but risks tissue damage. Our objective was to estimate the incidence of iatrogenic perinatal pharyngoesophageal injury (IPPI) in preterm versus term infants in a children's hospital neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). A secondary goal ...
Breisch Eric - - 2010
Literature addressing the anatomic development of the dura and calvarium during childhood is limited. Nevertheless, histological features of a subdural neomembrane (NM), including its thickness and vascularity, developing in response to an acute subdural hematoma (SDH) have been compared to the dura of adults to estimate when an injury occurred. ...
Du Wei - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Because public health resources for injury prevention are limited, methods for comparing competing strategies are needed. We aimed to estimate potential injury reductions for 4 population-level interventions that target restraint practices for child car passengers aged 0 to 12 years. METHODS: Population-attributable risk fraction (PARF) is a population-level estimate ...
Walton L J - - 2010
Bleeding from the nose has been a point of controversy in the field of child protection in the UK in recent years. Epistaxis in childhood is common but is unusual in the first year of life. Oronasal blood in infancy has been proposed as a marker of child abuse in ...
Perkins John - - 2010
This article examines the birth/baptism interval in 68 Anglican parishes. It provides a continuous annual record from 1646 to 1917 thereby augmenting previous studies in which periods such as the 1640s, the mid-eighteenth and late-nineteenth centuries have been sparsely represented. During the seventeenth century intervals remained stable, but afterwards they ...
Cwiek Dorota - - 2010
Breastfeeding is the optimal way of feeding for neonates and infants. Its duration is of vital importance for the child's development and health. The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding until the end of the sixth month of life. Many mothers give up breastfeeding earlier than recommended. Professional and non-professional ...
Michaels Paula A - - 2010
THIS ARTICLE ANALYZES BIRTH NARRATIVES GATHERED DURING WHAT CAN BE CONSIDERED A FORMATIVE PERIOD OF THE LAMAZE MOVEMENT IN THE WEST: from 1952 through Fernand Lamaze's death in early 1957. The use of women's birth narratives as an assessment tool is one of Dr. Lamaze's most enduring contributions to obstetric ...
Paiva Giselle Souza de - - 2010
child development is negatively influenced by multiple risk factors associated with poverty, thus indicating the importance of identifying the most vulnerable groups within populations that are apparently homogeneous regarding their state of socioeconomic deprivation. This study aimed to identify different levels of poverty in a population of low socioeconomic condition ...
Akter Shamima - - 2010
In this paper we have attempted to demonstrate the relationship between birth spacing and child survival in Bangladesh using data from the 2004 Bangladesh Demographic Health Survey (BDHS). We used standard life table techniques to estimate the probability of child survival and appropriate spacing of births. Logistic regression models were ...
Haider Rukhsana - - 2010
In Bangladesh, many programs and projects have been promoting breastfeeding since the late 1980 s. Breastfeeding practices, however, have not improved accordingly. For identifying program-relevant issues to improve breastfeeding in infancy, quantitative data were collected through visits to households (n = 356) in rural Chittagong and urban slums in Dhaka, ...
Posner Tracy - - 2010
In this column, a mother shares the story of her son's birth with her prenatal yoga instructor. The mother was able to work with her labor, was well supported by her husband and doula, and negotiated successfully with the hospital staff to have a safe, healthy birth. She describes how ...
Vieira Tatiana O - - 2010
Breastfeeding within the first hour of life is a potential mechanism for health promotion. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of breastfeeding initiation within the first hour of life in Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil, between 2004 and 2005, and investigate the influence of maternal, child ...
Parise Eugenio - - 2010
An infant's own name is a unique social cue. Infants are sensitive to their own name by 4 months of age, but whether they use their names as a social cue is unknown. Electroencephalogram (EEG) was measured as infants heard their own name or stranger's names and while looking at ...
Megel Mary Erickson - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to describe mothers' experiences of parenting an irritable infant. Although "colic" is regarded as a "self-limiting" condition that usually disappears by 3 to 4 months of age, the entire family is affected by the infant's crying; no definitive cause or cure has been identified. ...
Pierce Mary Clyde - - 2009
Bruising in the young infant is rare, and if present, this may be a manifestation of physical child abuse. Early signs of abuse, such as bruising, are often overlooked or their significance goes unrecognized resulting in poor patient outcomes. In such cases, the opportunity to intervene and potentially prevent repeat ...
Gonzalez Fernando F - - 2009
Neonatal brain injury is an important cause of death and disability, with pathways of oxidant stress, inflammation, and excitotoxicity that lead to damage that progresses over a long period of time. Therapies have classically targeted individual pathways during early phases of injury, but more recent therapies such as growth factors ...
Vinchon Matthieu - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of inflicted head injury (IHI) or accidental trauma (AT) in infants is based on clinical, radiological, and/or ophthalmological findings such as subdural hematoma (SDH), encephalopathy, retinal hemorrhage (RH), and signs of impact. As a consequence, the diagnostic value of these criteria is difficult to assess because of ...
Fujiwara Takeo - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Unintentional injury is the leading cause of death in young children. A previous study reported the protective effect of maternal parenting on young childhood injury; however, few studies have shown an association between paternal involvement in childcare and young childhood injury. The purpose of this study is to investigate ...
Webber Daniel J - - 2009
Perinatal white matter injury, or periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), is the most common cause of brain injury in premature infants and is the leading cause of cerebral palsy. Despite increasing numbers of surviving extreme premature infants and associated long-term neurological morbidity, our understanding and treatment of PVL remains incomplete. Inflammation- or ...
Logitharajah Pavithra P Division of Clinical Sciences, Imperial College London and MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, London W12 0HS, United - - 2009
Our objectives were to establish antecedent factors and patterns of brain injury and their prognostic value in preterm infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Essential inclusion criteria were gestation (GA) < or =36 wk, Apgar scores <5/<7 at 1/5 min, major resuscitation at birth, and a brain MRI <6 postnatal wk. ...
Fujiwara Takeo - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe homicides of infants (children <2 years of age) in the U.S. METHODS: Cases were derived from the National Violent Injury Statistics System; 71 incidents involving 72 infant homicides were in the data set. Type 1 involved beating/shaking injuries inflicted by a ...
Limperopoulos Catherine - - 2009
Although cerebellar injury in the premature infant is an increasingly recognized form of neonatal brain injury, its structural and functional outcomes remain poorly defined in the term infant. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to characterize the clinical and magnetic resonance imaging features and neurodevelopmental outcome in children, born ...
Moss Celia - - 2009
Recent high-profile cases have made paediatricians very aware of the serious implications of either missing or wrongly diagnosing non-accidental injury. Subdural fluid collections in non-mobile infants usually represent haemorrhage caused by non-accidental injury. We report a 6-month-old male who presented to the Accident and Emergency Department of Birmingham Heartlands Hospital ...
Beca John - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence and pattern of pre-operative brain injury in infants with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) compared with other complex congenital heart disease (CHD) and to define the risk of balloon atrial septostomy (BAS) for the development of brain injury. ...
Steggerda Sylke J - - 2009
PURPOSE: To investigate the incidence and characteristics of cerebellar injury in a cohort of very preterm infants by using the mastoid fontanelle (MF) and posterior fontanelle (PF) approach in addition to routine cranial ultrasonography (US) through the anterior fontanelle (AF), with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging as the reference standard. MATERIALS ...
Christian Cindy W - - 2009
Shaken baby syndrome is a term often used by physicians and the public to describe abusive head trauma inflicted on infants and young children. Although the term is well known and has been used for a number of decades, advances in the understanding of the mechanisms and clinical spectrum of ...
Günlemez Ayla - - 2010
We conducted this study to investigate the efficacy of the silicon gel application on the nares in prevention of nasal injury in preterm infants ventilated with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP). Patients (n=179) were randomized into two groups: Group 1 (n=87) had no silicon gel applied to nares, and ...
Adamo Matthew A - - 2009
OBJECT: Infants with severe traumatic brain injury represent a therapeutic challenge. The internal absence of open space within the infant cranial vault makes volume increases poorly tolerated. This report presents 7 cases of decompressive craniectomy in infants with cerebral edema. METHODS: The authors reviewed the medical charts of infants with ...
Ciurea A V - - 2009
Traumatic epidural hematoma (EDH) represents a rare head injury complication in infants. Its diagnosis can be quite challenging because its clinical presentation is usually subtle and nonspecific. Authors present a study on 30 infants with epidural hematoma (EDH) admitted in the Pediatric Department of Neurosurgery of the "Bagdasar-Arseni" Clinical Hospital ...
Squier Waney - - 2009
Subdural haemorrhage (SDH) in the infant has a different pattern from that seen in the older child and adult. It is usually a widespread, bilateral, thin film, unlike the thick, space-occupying and often unilateral clot seen in older children and adults after trauma. Whether both arise by the same mechanism ...
Byramji Angela - - 2009
Retropharyngeal abscesses are serious infections of the deep tissues of the neck associated with significant morbidity and mortality due to their proximity to vital structures. The most common age range is 2-4 years, with neonates accounting for approximately 10% of cases. The following report demonstrates possible forensic issues that may ...
Naci H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Road traffic deaths are a major global health and development problem. An understanding of the existing burden of road traffic deaths in the population is necessary for developing effective interventions. OBJECTIVE: To outline systematically the global distribution of road traffic deaths by road user groups (pedestrians, bicyclists, motorcyclists, motorised ...
McGwin Gerald G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The temporal distribution of trauma-related deaths has been described as tri-modal with immediate, early, and late peaks. With the development of trauma centers and systems, it has been suggested that this distribution might be altered. METHODS: Information regarding all trauma-related deaths occurring from 1990 through 2003 in Jefferson County, ...
Wood Joanne N - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to describe the utility of skeletal surveys and factors associated with both skeletal survey use and referral to child protective services for infants with skull fractures in the absence of significant intracranial injury. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed for infants who were evaluated at ...
Matis Georgios K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Early indicators or predictors of outcome after head injury can affect clinical decision making and the choice of case-specific approaches to rehabilitation. MATERIAL/METHODS: A retrospective study of 60 patients with a head injury who had been admitted to a tertiary care hospital intensive care unit was undertaken to explore ...
Sauber-Schatz, Erin Kristine
Injury during the perinatal period can have significant health effects on the pregnant woman, the fetus, and the child; therefore, injuries during pregnancy and during labor and delivery in the form of birth trauma were the focus of this dissertation. Through a three papers format, this dissertation addressed three unique ...
Feldman Kenneth W - - 2009
Three premobile infants with unexplained bruising are described. Although, they were asymptomatic otherwise, evaluation led to the recognition of inflicted rib fractures in two and hemophilia A in one. Although such bruises are inconsequential themselves, they may provide the opportunity to recognize serious problems before major injury or morbidity occurs.
Squires Amanda Jayne - - 2009
Improved technology and management approaches that have reduced bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) have decreased mortality and morbidity in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. Early extubation to nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) decreases the complications associated with long-term oral/nasal endotracheal intubation, including BPD, ventilator-associated pneumonia, volutrauma, subglottic stenosis, oral palatal ...
Atmosukarto Indriyati - - 2009
Recent studies have shown an increase in the occurrence of deformational plagiocephaly and brachycephaly in children. This increase has coincided with the "Back to Sleep" campaign that was introduced to reduce the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). However, there has yet to be an objective quantification of the ...
McKenzie Kirsten - - 2009
The objective of this research was to identify the level of detail regarding the external causes of death in Australia and ascertain problematic areas where data quality improvement efforts may be focused. The 2003 national mortality dataset of 12,591 deaths with an external cause of injury as the underlying cause ...
Stramrood Claire A I - - 2009
AIMS: To describe the clinical course of infants recovering spontaneously from diaphragmatic paralysis due to perinatal phrenic nerve injury as well as those that underwent plication of the diaphragm. METHODS: Between 1990 and 2006, 14 newborns admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of the Wilhelmina Children's Hospital in ...
McIntosh Neil - - 2008
The frequency of oronasal haemorrhage in infancy was estimated from two national GP research databases (6% UK population). When a case was identified, other presentations in the child over the first year were available from one dataset. In the first year haemoptysis is rare. In contrast, epistaxis (7-20 cases of ...
Oestreicher-Kedem Yael - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We describe the clinical characteristics and management of vocal fold paralysis in infants who were born with a tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF). METHODS: This retrospective case series included all infants born with TEFs who presented to our pediatric otolaryngology unit and intensive care unit because of dyspnea or aphonia in ...
du Plessis Adré J - - 2008
Cerebrovascular insults are a leading cause of brain injury in premature infants, contributing to the high prevalence of motor, cognitive, and behavioral deficits. Understanding the complex pathways linking circulatory immaturity to brain injury in premature infants remains incomplete. These mechanisms are significantly different from those causing injury in the mature ...
Lawrence Russell K - - 2008
Encephalopathy from hypoxic-ischemic injury is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in term infants. MRI is the gold standard in evaluating the nature and extent of injury. Although imaging this population is challenging, important information can be obtained safely. Patterns of injury and the likely mechanisms that cause them ...
Coats Brittany - - 2008
OBJECT: Falls are the most common accident scenario in young children as well as the most common history provided in child abuse cases. Understanding the biomechanics of falls provides clinicians with objective data to aid in their diagnosis of accidental or inflicted trauma. The objective of this study was to ...
Pondaag Willem - - 2008
OBJECT: A typical finding in supraclavicular exploration of infants with severe obstetric brachial plexus lesions (OBPLs) is a neuroma-in-continuity with the superior trunk and/or a root avulsion at C-5, C-6, or C-7. The operative strategy in these cases is determined by the intraoperative assessment of the severity of the lesion. ...
Maddalena Patricia - - 2008
Improvements in neuroimaging technology and techniques have contributed to the increased recognition of cerebellar hemorrhage (CBH) in the prererm infant. Studies have indicated that the extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infant (< 1,000 g) is at highest risk for this injury. Associated risk factors include a constellation of antenaral, intrapartum, ...
Young Richard A - - 2009
A wireless device embedded in the vehicle allowed the user to engage in a personal hands-free conversation (HFC), and automatically placed an emergency notification call to an OnStar call center if the vehicle was involved in a crash in which its airbag deployed. A database stored the exact counts, start ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >