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Lang Colleen Walsh - - 2010
We examined knowledge and attitudes about sickle cell trait (SCT) and sickle cell disease (SCD) in women whose infants were identified with SCT through newborn screening. Mothers of infants identified with SCT by newborn screening were contacted 8 to 52 weeks post partum. Mothers were recruited if: (1) they participated ...
Eggesbø Merete - - 2011
Knowledge of the composition of a normal healthy gut microbiota during infancy is important for understanding the role of gut microbiota in disease. A limitation of previous studies is that they are based on infants who have been subject to factors, which can have a profound disruptive effect on the ...
Gunst Mark - - 2010
Injury mortality was classically described with a trimodal distribution, with immediate deaths at the scene, early deaths due to hemorrhage, and late deaths from organ failure. We hypothesized that the development of trauma systems has improved prehospital care, early resuscitation, and critical care and altered this pattern. This population-based study ...
Mussap Michele - - 2010
Acute kidney injury (AKI) has emerged as an important health problem in the intensive care units, especially among infants delivered prematurely. Recent efforts to define and characterize AKI have led to studies of early AKI detection and will ultimately contribute to improvements in AKI outcomes. The discovery of biomarkers for ...
de Bruïne Francisca T - - 2011
To investigate in preterm infants associations between Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) parameters of the posterior limb of the internal capsule (PLIC) and corpus callosum (CC) and age, white matter (WM) injury and clinical factors. In 84 preterm infants DTI was performed between 40-62 weeks postmenstrual age on 3 T MR. Fractional anisotropy ...
Ilves Pilvi - - 2010
The aim of this study is to evaluate the value of early radiological investigations in predicting the long-term neurodevelopmental outcome of infants with inflicted traumatic brain injury (ITBI). Clinical and radiological investigations of 24 infants with ITBI were performed during the acute phase of injury (1-3 days), and during the ...
Lunetta Philippe - - 2010
The increasing international mobility raises the possibility of foreign nationals dying abroad. Here, a descriptive, retrospective and population-based study of deaths abroad among Finnish residents from 1969 to 2007 is presented. The data were collected from the Statistics Finland data based on certificates of cause of death issued after repatriation ...
Chakraborty Mallinath - - 2010
Respiratory morbidity and mortality remain common in preterm infants. The immature preterm lung is especially prone to injury. This process often starts in-utero due to maternal chorioamnionitis, priming the lung for further injury in response to post-natal ventilation, oxygen and nosocomial infection. Pulmonary inflammation has been strongly implicated in the ...
Parikh Shital N - - 2010
PURPOSE: Car seats should be used to prevent injury or death in children during motor vehicle crashes. When used improperly or for unintended purposes, car seats can place children at risk for injury or death. The objective of this article is to describe patterns of hazardous use of car seats ...
Ibrahim Nicole G - - 2010
OBJECT: Falls are the most common environmental setting for closed head injuries in children between 2 and 4 years of age. The authors previously found that toddlers had fewer skull fractures and scalp/facial soft-tissue injuries, and more frequent altered mental status than infants for the same low-height falls (<or=3 ft). ...
Rangel Erika L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: While disparities in abuse-related mortality between minority and white infants have been reported, the influence of socioeconomic status on outcome has not been evaluated. The goal of this study was to determine the impact of socioeconomic status and race on outcomes for abused infants using multiinstitutional data. METHODS: Data ...
Ahmed Saifuddin - - 2011
To provide a model-based method of estimating maternal mortality at the subnational level and illustrate its use in estimating maternal mortality rates (MMrates) and maternal mortality ratios (MMRs) in all 64 districts of Bangladesh. Knowing that mortality is more pronounced among the poorer segments of a population, in rural areas ...
Drury Paul P - - 2010
There is now compelling clinical evidence that prolonged, moderate cerebral hypothermia initiated within a few hours after severe hypoxia-ischemia and continued until resolution of the acute phase of delayed cell death can reduce subsequent neuronal loss and improve behavioral recovery in term infants and adults after cardiac arrest. Perhaps surprisingly, ...
Bennet L - - 2010
Cerebral hypothermia reduces brain injury and improves behavioral recovery after hypoxia-ischemia (HI) at birth. However, using current enrolment criteria many infants are not helped, and conversely, a significant proportion of control infants survive without disability. In order to further improve treatment we need better biomarkers of injury. A 'true' biomarker ...
Sardesai Smeeta R - - 2011
Although neonatal care has become more and more meticulous with significant changes in technology in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in the past 50 years, iatrogenic cutaneous injuries continue to occur. Although the incidence of severe injuries is decreasing because the more difficult procedures are being replaced by improved ...
Ingham A I - - 2011
Objective To determine the significance of bruises in cases of infant death to ascertain if their presence was associated with other injuries or homicide. Design Retrospective cohort study. Setting Forensic Science South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia. Patients 135 infants aged between 7 and 364 days autopsied over a 9-year ...
Miller Rubin - - 2010
Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) has been thought to be caused by violent shaking of an infant and is characterized by the triad of findings: subdural hematoma (SDH), retinal hemorrhages, and neurologic abnormalities. The triad is not specific for SBS and can be seen in accidental trauma and in certain medical ...
Borna Hajiehe - - 2010
Birth trauma at delivery is a rare but significant prenatal complication. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of birth trauma and risk factors related to fetal injury. Birth trauma was evaluated in singleton fetuses with no major anomalies and with vertex presentations over a 3-year period ...
Deng Wenbin - - 2010
Owing to improved survival rates of premature newborns, the number of very low birth weight infants is rising. Preterm infants display a greater propensity for brain injury caused by hypoxic or ischemic events, infection and/or inflammation that results in prominent white matter injury (WMI) than infants carried to full term. ...
Boardman J P JP Institute of Clinical Sciences, Imperial College London and MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Hammersmith Hospital, Du Cane Road, London W12 0NN, UK. - - 2010
Diffuse white matter injury is common in preterm infants and is a candidate substrate for later cognitive impairment. This injury pattern is associated with morphological changes in deep grey nuclei, the localization of which is uncertain. We test the hypotheses that diffuse white matter injury is associated with discrete focal ...
Katz Joel S - - 2010
OBJECT: The incidence, type, and severity of pediatric cervical spine injuries (CSIs) are related to age and mechanism of injury. In this study, the authors assessed the prevalence of CSIs in infants with head trauma treated in their institution. METHODS: The authors reviewed the medical records of children younger than ...
Gherman Robert B - - 2010
The exact role of the Zavanelli maneuver for the management of shoulder dystocia still remains to be defined. None of the previously reported cases in which the Zavanelli maneuver has been employed described impaction of posterior fetal arm. At 40 weeks' gestation, a nulliparous patient with gestational diabetes, who underwent ...
Patonay Bryan C - - 2010
An unexpected infant death is usually investigated with a complete autopsy. If evidence of prior trauma is found at autopsy in these cases, suspicion is raised for nonaccidental trauma. In a young infant, the residua of trauma received during birth has the potential to be incorrectly interpreted as nonaccidental trauma. ...
McPherson Ronald J - - 2010
Perinatal asphyxia, intraventricular hemorrhage and stroke are common causes of neonatal brain injury, with hypoxia-ischemia as the final common pathway of injury. Erythropoietin (Epo) has potential to lessen neurologic sequelae due to hypoxia-ischemia. The purpose of this review is to highlight new clinical trials and experimental evidence that expand our ...
Cotten C Michael - - 2010
Moderate to severe hypoxic-ischemic injury in newborn infants, manifested as encephalopathy immediately or within hours after birth, is associated with a high risk of either death or a lifetime with disability. In recent multicenter clinical trials, hypothermia initiated within the first 6 postnatal hours has emerged as a therapy that ...
Vinchon Matthieu - - 2010
Subdural hematomas (SDH) in infants often result from nonaccidental head injury (NAHI), which is diagnosed based on the absence of history of trauma and the presence of associated lesions. When these are lacking, the possibility of spontaneous SDH in infant (SSDHI) is raised, but this entity is hotly debated; in ...
Schuman Theodore A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Perinatal pharyngoesophageal instrumentation, including endotracheal intubation, oral suctioning, and feeding tube placement, is often necessary but risks tissue damage. Our objective was to estimate the incidence of iatrogenic perinatal pharyngoesophageal injury (IPPI) in preterm versus term infants in a children's hospital neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). A secondary goal ...
Breisch Eric - - 2010
Literature addressing the anatomic development of the dura and calvarium during childhood is limited. Nevertheless, histological features of a subdural neomembrane (NM), including its thickness and vascularity, developing in response to an acute subdural hematoma (SDH) have been compared to the dura of adults to estimate when an injury occurred. ...
Du Wei - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Because public health resources for injury prevention are limited, methods for comparing competing strategies are needed. We aimed to estimate potential injury reductions for 4 population-level interventions that target restraint practices for child car passengers aged 0 to 12 years. METHODS: Population-attributable risk fraction (PARF) is a population-level estimate ...
Walton L J - - 2010
Bleeding from the nose has been a point of controversy in the field of child protection in the UK in recent years. Epistaxis in childhood is common but is unusual in the first year of life. Oronasal blood in infancy has been proposed as a marker of child abuse in ...
Perkins John - - 2010
This article examines the birth/baptism interval in 68 Anglican parishes. It provides a continuous annual record from 1646 to 1917 thereby augmenting previous studies in which periods such as the 1640s, the mid-eighteenth and late-nineteenth centuries have been sparsely represented. During the seventeenth century intervals remained stable, but afterwards they ...
Cwiek Dorota - - 2010
Breastfeeding is the optimal way of feeding for neonates and infants. Its duration is of vital importance for the child's development and health. The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding until the end of the sixth month of life. Many mothers give up breastfeeding earlier than recommended. Professional and non-professional ...
Michaels Paula A - - 2010
THIS ARTICLE ANALYZES BIRTH NARRATIVES GATHERED DURING WHAT CAN BE CONSIDERED A FORMATIVE PERIOD OF THE LAMAZE MOVEMENT IN THE WEST: from 1952 through Fernand Lamaze's death in early 1957. The use of women's birth narratives as an assessment tool is one of Dr. Lamaze's most enduring contributions to obstetric ...
Paiva Giselle Souza de - - 2010
child development is negatively influenced by multiple risk factors associated with poverty, thus indicating the importance of identifying the most vulnerable groups within populations that are apparently homogeneous regarding their state of socioeconomic deprivation. This study aimed to identify different levels of poverty in a population of low socioeconomic condition ...
Akter Shamima - - 2010
In this paper we have attempted to demonstrate the relationship between birth spacing and child survival in Bangladesh using data from the 2004 Bangladesh Demographic Health Survey (BDHS). We used standard life table techniques to estimate the probability of child survival and appropriate spacing of births. Logistic regression models were ...
Haider Rukhsana - - 2010
In Bangladesh, many programs and projects have been promoting breastfeeding since the late 1980 s. Breastfeeding practices, however, have not improved accordingly. For identifying program-relevant issues to improve breastfeeding in infancy, quantitative data were collected through visits to households (n = 356) in rural Chittagong and urban slums in Dhaka, ...
Posner Tracy - - 2010
In this column, a mother shares the story of her son's birth with her prenatal yoga instructor. The mother was able to work with her labor, was well supported by her husband and doula, and negotiated successfully with the hospital staff to have a safe, healthy birth. She describes how ...
Vieira Tatiana O - - 2010
Breastfeeding within the first hour of life is a potential mechanism for health promotion. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of breastfeeding initiation within the first hour of life in Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil, between 2004 and 2005, and investigate the influence of maternal, child ...
Parise Eugenio - - 2010
An infant's own name is a unique social cue. Infants are sensitive to their own name by 4 months of age, but whether they use their names as a social cue is unknown. Electroencephalogram (EEG) was measured as infants heard their own name or stranger's names and while looking at ...
Megel Mary Erickson ME University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Nursing, Omaha, NE 68198-5330, USA. - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to describe mothers' experiences of parenting an irritable infant. Although "colic" is regarded as a "self-limiting" condition that usually disappears by 3 to 4 months of age, the entire family is affected by the infant's crying; no definitive cause or cure has been identified. ...
Pierce Mary Clyde - - 2009
Bruising in the young infant is rare, and if present, this may be a manifestation of physical child abuse. Early signs of abuse, such as bruising, are often overlooked or their significance goes unrecognized resulting in poor patient outcomes. In such cases, the opportunity to intervene and potentially prevent repeat ...
Gonzalez Fernando F - - 2009
Neonatal brain injury is an important cause of death and disability, with pathways of oxidant stress, inflammation, and excitotoxicity that lead to damage that progresses over a long period of time. Therapies have classically targeted individual pathways during early phases of injury, but more recent therapies such as growth factors ...
Vinchon Matthieu - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of inflicted head injury (IHI) or accidental trauma (AT) in infants is based on clinical, radiological, and/or ophthalmological findings such as subdural hematoma (SDH), encephalopathy, retinal hemorrhage (RH), and signs of impact. As a consequence, the diagnostic value of these criteria is difficult to assess because of ...
Fujiwara Takeo - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Unintentional injury is the leading cause of death in young children. A previous study reported the protective effect of maternal parenting on young childhood injury; however, few studies have shown an association between paternal involvement in childcare and young childhood injury. The purpose of this study is to investigate ...
Webber Daniel J - - 2009
Perinatal white matter injury, or periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), is the most common cause of brain injury in premature infants and is the leading cause of cerebral palsy. Despite increasing numbers of surviving extreme premature infants and associated long-term neurological morbidity, our understanding and treatment of PVL remains incomplete. Inflammation- or ...
Logitharajah Pavithra P Division of Clinical Sciences, Imperial College London and MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, London W12 0HS, United - - 2009
Our objectives were to establish antecedent factors and patterns of brain injury and their prognostic value in preterm infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Essential inclusion criteria were gestation (GA) < or =36 wk, Apgar scores <5/<7 at 1/5 min, major resuscitation at birth, and a brain MRI <6 postnatal wk. ...
Fujiwara Takeo - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe homicides of infants (children <2 years of age) in the U.S. METHODS: Cases were derived from the National Violent Injury Statistics System; 71 incidents involving 72 infant homicides were in the data set. Type 1 involved beating/shaking injuries inflicted by a ...
Limperopoulos Catherine - - 2009
Although cerebellar injury in the premature infant is an increasingly recognized form of neonatal brain injury, its structural and functional outcomes remain poorly defined in the term infant. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to characterize the clinical and magnetic resonance imaging features and neurodevelopmental outcome in children, born ...
Moss Celia - - 2009
Recent high-profile cases have made paediatricians very aware of the serious implications of either missing or wrongly diagnosing non-accidental injury. Subdural fluid collections in non-mobile infants usually represent haemorrhage caused by non-accidental injury. We report a 6-month-old male who presented to the Accident and Emergency Department of Birmingham Heartlands Hospital ...
Beca John - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence and pattern of pre-operative brain injury in infants with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) compared with other complex congenital heart disease (CHD) and to define the risk of balloon atrial septostomy (BAS) for the development of brain injury. ...
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