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Smith Caren G - - 2011
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC ) can be a devastating disease in the NIC U population. The current standard of practice of not providing enteral nutrition to the critically ill and the premature infant is thought to result in pathophysiologic changes of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract that may result in the development ...
Ardal Frida - - 2011
(1) To explore the experience of non-English-speaking mothers with preterm, very low birth weight (VLBW) infants (,1,500 g); and (2) to examine mothers' assessment of a peer support program matching them with linguistically and culturally similar parent-buddies. An exploratory, qualitative analysis based on grounded theory. A convenience sample of eight ...
Karp Sharon M - - 2011
To specifically examine infant feeding practices in a sample of young mothers. A cross-sectional, descriptive/exploratory design with author-developed measures was used to assess maternal demographics, and knowledge of and practices related to infant (6-12 months of age) feeding. Numerous inappropriate feeding practices were identified in this sample of predominately low-income, ...
Miall Lawrence - - 2011
Respiratory distress in a moderately preterm baby often presents diagnostic and management challenges to the attending paediatrician. Many of these babies will require little or no intervention, but it is known that early intervention in babies with acute respiratory distress often prevents further complications. Most current research evidence relates to ...
Poulin-Dubois Diane - - 2011
Research has shown that preschoolers prefer to learn from individuals who are a reliable source of information. The current study examined whether the past reliability of a person's emotional signals influences infants' willingness to imitate that person. An emotional referencing task was first administered to infants in order to demonstrate ...
Stuebe Alison M - - 2011
Maternal knowledge and comfort with breastfeeding affect prenatal feeding intentions, and these intentions are strong predictors of feeding outcomes. However, predictors of exclusive breastfeeding intention have not been well characterized. We measured the association between intentions to exclusively breastfeed and knowledge of infant health benefits, feeding guidelines, and comfort related ...
Wirtschafter David D - - 2011
To evaluate the effectiveness of the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative quality-improvement model using a toolkit supplemented by workshops and Web casts in decreasing nosocomial infections in very low birth weight infants. This was a retrospective cohort study of continuous California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative members' data during the years ...
Kinzler Katherine D KD Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, 5848 S. University Ave., Chicago, IL 60637, USA. - - 2011
Do infants develop meaningful social preferences among novel individuals based on their social group membership? If so, do these social preferences depend on familiarity on any dimension, or on a more specific focus on particular kinds of categorical information? The present experiments use methods that have previously demonstrated infants' social ...
Dani Carlo - - 2011
Aim:  To assess the current practices existing in Italy for the management of jaundice in preterm infants as preliminary achievement to a call for national guidelines and establishment of a kernicterus registry. Methods:  A questionnaire (in Supporting Information online) was sent to the 109 level III neonatal units in Italy ...
Hamilton Kyra - - 2011
In Australia and other developed countries there is poor adherence to guidelines recommending the introduction of complementary feeding to infants at 6 months of age. We aimed to investigate, via adopting a Theory of Planned Behaviour framework and incorporating additional normative and demographic influences, mothers' complementary feeding intentions and behaviour. ...
Slaughter J L - - 2011
Objective:The goal of this study was to delineate the epidemiology of echocardiographically diagnosed pulmonary hypertension (PH) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) requiring prolonged positive pressure ventilation (PPV), and to determine the independent relationship between PH and mortality in these patients.Study Design:Our retrospective cohort included ...
Uppal Elaine - - 2011
This article provides a review of a Birth Rites organisation event to launch its new website and art competition. Birth Rites is the first and only collection of contemporary artwork dedicated to the subject of childbirth. The collection aims to redefine visual language in contemporary art around the subject of ...
Dykes Fiona - - 2011
This paper explores some of the significant changes that have taken place with regard to the protection, promotion and support of breast feeding during the past three decades. The period covered since the first issue of Midwifery in 1985, has been marked by some dramatic reversals of harmful discourses and ...
Wong Lufee - - 2011
Background:  Acute intrapartum hypoxia is an uncommon cause of cerebral palsy. The exclusion of acute intrapartum hypoxia utilizes two vital pieces of information that can be obtained at the time of birth: (i) cord blood gas to exclude a severe metabolic acidosis, and (ii) placental histology to suggest an alternative ...
Skafida Valeria - - 2011
In 2005, Scotland became the first nation to make breastfeeding in public a legal right, but current breastfeeding targets and maternity leave allowance do not acknowledge the conflicting demands women face when juggling employment and motherhood. This paper explores how employment and maternity leave relate to breastfeeding duration among mothers ...
Aguilar Adriana M - - 2011
Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) is a life threatening respiratory disorder in infants born through meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF). Its obstetric and perinatal management has been changing for over 35years. In pregnancies complicated by MSAF, suction of the hypopharynx before the delivery of the infant's shoulders and postnatal suction of vigorous ...
Hyde Daniel C - - 2011
Infants' unitary perception of their multisensory world, including learning from people (faces and speech), hinges on temporal synchrony. Despite its importance, relatively little work has investigated the brain processes involved in infants' perception of temporal synchrony. In two experiments, we examined event-related brain potentials (ERPs) to asynchronous and synchronous audio-visual ...
Kesmodel Ulrik Schiøler - - 2011
From September 2010, all births in Denmark will be monitored from a quality perspective with the Danish National Indicator Project in order to document and develop the quality in the care provided during delivery. We describe the process of selecting the indicators based on relevance, scientific evidence, usefulness and applicability, ...
Brown Amy - - 2011
A controlling maternal child-feeding style has been show to have negative consequences for child weight and eating style for children over the age of 12months. Maternal restriction is associated with increased consumption of food if given free access and child overweight. Pressure to eat conversely is associated with picky eating ...
Inoue Takao - - 2011
Infant-directed speech (IDS) has the important functions of capturing the infants' attention and maintaining communication between the mother and the infant. It is known that three acoustic components (F0, F0 range, and tempo) in IDS and adult-directed speech (ADS) are different. However, it is not easy to discriminate between IDS ...
Montes-Núñez Sonia - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Birth defects (BDs) are a serious public health problem in Mexico. The objective of this paper was to identify the frequency of newborns (NBs) that are born small for gestational age with a birth defect. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study of NBs from hospitals part of the Mexican ...
Chaimay Bhunyabhadh - - 2011
Feeding practices show many benefits for child and cognitive development. The objective was to investigate the association between infant feeding practices and the first meaningful words of Thai children. The participants enrolled in this longitudinal study were 4245 children born between July 2000 and June 2002. They resided in 3 ...
Biban Paolo - - 2011
Most newborns are born vigorous and do not require neonatal resuscitation. However, about 10% of newborns require some type of resuscitative assistance at birth. Although the vast majority will require just assisted lung aeration, about 1% requires major interventions such as intubation, chest compressions, or medications. Recently, new evidence has ...
Rovamo Liisa - - 2011
Objective Education of medical staff according to Neonatal Resuscitation Program guidelines improves outcome of delivery room resuscitation. Regular assessment of skills is important for reliable performance of neonatal resuscitation. We assessed the practical resuscitation skills of clinicians in a standard scenario in a newborn simulation. Design Observational cohort study. Main ...
Bhutta Zulfiqar A - - 2011
Newborn deaths account for 57% of deaths in children younger than 5 years in Pakistan. Although a large programme of trained lady health workers (LHWs) exists, the effectiveness of this training on newborn outcomes has not been studied. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based intervention package, principally ...
Bratlid D - - 2011
Jaundice is the most common reason for instituting treatment in otherwise healthy as well as sick newborn infants. Herein, we describe the process employed in Norway to forge agreement on a set of treatment guidelines that are now used across the country. The Norwegian Pediatric Association was a key resource ...
Travis Katherine E KE Department of Neurosciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0662, USA. - - 2011
Learning words is central in human development. However, lacking clear evidence for how or where language is processed in the developing brain, it is unknown whether these processes are similar in infants and adults. Here, we use magnetoencephalography in combination with high-resolution structural magnetic resonance imaging to noninvasively estimate the ...
Marshall-Baker Anna - - 2011
Purpose: Medical and technological advances dominate the design of infant incubators because of their essential role in the survival of critically ill neonates. Yet other important design considerations, such as caregiver interaction, discomfort at bedside, and harmful materials, often are overlooked. The purpose of this paper is to consider the ...
Andrew Naomi - - 2011
In England, 78% of mothers initiate breastfeeding and, in the UK, less than 1% exclusively breastfeed until 6 months, despite World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations to do so. This study investigated women's infant feeding choices using in-depth interviews with 12 mothers of infants aged 7-18 weeks. Using content analysis, four ...
Looper Julia - - 2011
: To determine whether supramalleolar orthoses use during upright play contributes to decreased upper extremity support in infants with Down syndrome. : Seventeen children with Down syndrome were assigned to 2 groups. Infants in the control group received treadmill training. Infants in the experimental group wore supramalleolar orthoses in addition ...
Tan Kok Leong - - 2011
Breastfeeding is accepted as the natural form of infant feeding. For mothers to be able to breastfeed exclusively to the recommended six months, it is important to understand the factors that influence exclusive breastfeeding. The aim of the study was to identify factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding in Peninsular Malaysia. ...
Manzouri Bita - - 2011
Bell's palsy is an idiopathic unilateral paresis or paralysis of the facial nerve. The authors describe a 3-month-old infant with Bell's palsy and detail the investigation and management appropriate for the pediatric age group.
Adhikari Ramesh - - 2011
Nepalese women lag behind men in many areas, such as educational attainment, participation in decision-making and health service utilization, all of which have an impact on reproductive health outcomes. This paper aims to examine the factors influencing infant mortality, specifically, whether women's autonomy has an impact on infant mortality in ...
Blencowe Hannah - - 2011
Annually over 520,000 newborns die from neonatal sepsis, and 60,000 more from tetanus. Estimates of the effect of clean birth and postnatal care practices are required for evidence-based program planning. To review the evidence for clean birth and postnatal care practices and estimate the effect on neonatal mortality from sepsis ...
Guellai Bahia - - 2011
Previous studies showed that, from birth, speech and eye gaze are two important cues in guiding early face processing and social cognition. These studies tested the role of each cue independently; however, infants normally perceive speech and eye gaze together. Using a familiarization-test procedure, we first familiarized newborn infants (nā€Š=ā€Š24) ...
Lakshman Rajalakshmi R RR MRC Epidemiology Unit, Cambridge, UK. - - 2011
There is increasing recognition that public health strategies to prevent childhood obesity need to start early in life. Any behavioural interventions need to target maternal attitudes and infant feeding practices, This paper describes the development and preliminary validation of a questionnaire to assess maternal attitudes towards infant growth and milk ...
McCoy Thomasin E TE Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52245, USA. - - 2011
Preterm infants are frequently transfused with red blood cells based on standardized guidelines or clinical concerns that anemia taxes infants' physiological compensatory mechanisms and thereby threatens their health and well-being. The impact of various transfusion guidelines on long-term neurocognitive outcome is not known. The purpose of this study is to ...
Adu-Afarwuah Seth - - 2010
Inadequate micronutrient intake during pregnancy, lactation and infancy is a major problem in many developing countries. Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) can improve micronutrient status, growth and development of infants, and also have potential to improve nutritional status of pregnant and lactating women. The objective of the study was to test ...
Arts Maaike - - 2011
Only 37% of infants younger than 6 months in Mozambique are exclusively breastfed. A qualitative assessment was undertaken to identify the knowledge, beliefs, and practices around exclusive breastfeeding-specifically, those of mothers, fathers, grandmothers, and nurses-and to identify the support networks. Results show many barriers. In addition to receiving breast milk, ...
Bedwell Carol - - 2011
A programme of research was undertaken to explore which factors contributed to decisions regarding birth place. As part of this programme, the views of male partners of pregnant women were examined to gain understanding of their contribution to the decision making process, with regard to different birth settings. A qualitative ...
Lenoir-Wijnkoop I - - 2012
The objective of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of the use of prebiotics for the primary prevention of atopic dermatitis in The Netherlands. A model was constructed using decision analytical techniques. The model was developed to estimate the health economic impact of prebiotic preventive disease management of atopic ...
Dahlen H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In February 2009 the Improving Maternity Services in Australia - The Report of the Maternity Services Review (MSR) was released and recommended improving women's access to and availability of birth centres. It was unclear if this was in response to an overwhelming request for birth centres in the submissions ...
Pannu Pk - - 2010
Aim:  To determine the effect of mothers receiving health promotion material and education antenatally and/or postnatally on breastfeeding outcomes in Perth, Western Australia. Methods:  A 12-month longitudinal study was conducted in two public maternity hospitals in Perth, Western Australia, between 2002 and 2003. Data were collected on a consecutive sample ...
Nowak Emily W - - 2011
Objective: To develop an in-depth understanding of the experiences and contexts of fetal and infant mortality from the perspective of women and men who experienced a fetal or infant loss. Design: Qualitative, descriptive. Setting: Small urban community of 100,000. Participants: Eleven women and four men who experienced a fetal (>14 ...
Van Dijk Julie Willems - - 2011
Objective: To measure the impact of a Medicaid benefit called Prenatal Care Coordination (PNCC) on healthy birth outcomes. Design: A cross sectional design was used to compare the birth outcomes of infants born to women who received Medicaid and PNCC services to the birth outcomes of infants born to women ...
- - 2010
The first National Guidelines on Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) were formulated by Ministry of Women and Child Development (Food and Nutrition Board) in 2004, and the same guidelines were revised in 2006. India is committed to halving the prevalence of under weight children by 2015 as one of ...
Stumpel D J P M - - 2011
MLL-rearranged acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in infants (<1 year) is the most aggressive type of childhood leukemia. To develop more suitable treatment strategies, a firm understanding of the biology underlying this disease is of utmost importance. MLL-rearranged ALL displays a unique gene expression profile, partly explained by erroneous histone modifications. ...
Hammoudeh Jeffrey - - 2012
Context : Surgical management for severe obstructive sleep apnea has been tracheostomy, which has significant morbidity. Objective : To determine the efficacy of internal mandibular distraction in treating severe obstructive sleep apnea in infants and neonates. Design : Retrospective review of medical records of 29 patients who underwent internal mandibular ...
Santelices M P - - 2011
Background  Research indicates that the early attachment patterns of babies could influence their socio-emotional development and prevent the emergence of problematic behaviours in the child later in life. Many studies in the field of early attachment interventions have promoted a secure attachment bond between mother and infant. The purpose of ...
Martinez-Biarge Miriam - - 2010
Central grey matter damage following perinatal hypoxia-ischaemia frequently leads to death or motor abnormality often with deficits in other developmental domains. Predicting these different outcomes is difficult yet very important for early management, planning and providing for needs on discharge and later and not least for parents to know how ...
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