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Bratlid D - - 2011
Jaundice is the most common reason for instituting treatment in otherwise healthy as well as sick newborn infants. Herein, we describe the process employed in Norway to forge agreement on a set of treatment guidelines that are now used across the country. The Norwegian Pediatric Association was a key resource ...
Travis Katherine E - - 2011
Learning words is central in human development. However, lacking clear evidence for how or where language is processed in the developing brain, it is unknown whether these processes are similar in infants and adults. Here, we use magnetoencephalography in combination with high-resolution structural magnetic resonance imaging to noninvasively estimate the ...
Marshall-Baker Anna - - 2011
Purpose: Medical and technological advances dominate the design of infant incubators because of their essential role in the survival of critically ill neonates. Yet other important design considerations, such as caregiver interaction, discomfort at bedside, and harmful materials, often are overlooked. The purpose of this paper is to consider the ...
Andrew Naomi - - 2011
In England, 78% of mothers initiate breastfeeding and, in the UK, less than 1% exclusively breastfeed until 6 months, despite World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations to do so. This study investigated women's infant feeding choices using in-depth interviews with 12 mothers of infants aged 7-18 weeks. Using content analysis, four ...
Looper Julia - - 2011
: To determine whether supramalleolar orthoses use during upright play contributes to decreased upper extremity support in infants with Down syndrome. : Seventeen children with Down syndrome were assigned to 2 groups. Infants in the control group received treadmill training. Infants in the experimental group wore supramalleolar orthoses in addition ...
Tan Kok Leong - - 2011
Breastfeeding is accepted as the natural form of infant feeding. For mothers to be able to breastfeed exclusively to the recommended six months, it is important to understand the factors that influence exclusive breastfeeding. The aim of the study was to identify factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding in Peninsular Malaysia. ...
Manzouri Bita - - 2011
Bell's palsy is an idiopathic unilateral paresis or paralysis of the facial nerve. The authors describe a 3-month-old infant with Bell's palsy and detail the investigation and management appropriate for the pediatric age group.
Adhikari Ramesh - - 2011
Nepalese women lag behind men in many areas, such as educational attainment, participation in decision-making and health service utilization, all of which have an impact on reproductive health outcomes. This paper aims to examine the factors influencing infant mortality, specifically, whether women's autonomy has an impact on infant mortality in ...
McCoy Thomasin E - - 2011
Preterm infants are frequently transfused with red blood cells based on standardized guidelines or clinical concerns that anemia taxes infants' physiological compensatory mechanisms and thereby threatens their health and well-being. The impact of various transfusion guidelines on long-term neurocognitive outcome is not known. The purpose of this study is to ...
Blencowe Hannah - - 2011
Annually over 520,000 newborns die from neonatal sepsis, and 60,000 more from tetanus. Estimates of the effect of clean birth and postnatal care practices are required for evidence-based program planning. To review the evidence for clean birth and postnatal care practices and estimate the effect on neonatal mortality from sepsis ...
Guellai Bahia - - 2011
Previous studies showed that, from birth, speech and eye gaze are two important cues in guiding early face processing and social cognition. These studies tested the role of each cue independently; however, infants normally perceive speech and eye gaze together. Using a familiarization-test procedure, we first familiarized newborn infants (nā€Š=ā€Š24) ...
Lakshman Rajalakshmi R RR MRC Epidemiology Unit, Cambridge, UK. - - 2011
There is increasing recognition that public health strategies to prevent childhood obesity need to start early in life. Any behavioural interventions need to target maternal attitudes and infant feeding practices, This paper describes the development and preliminary validation of a questionnaire to assess maternal attitudes towards infant growth and milk ...
Adu-Afarwuah Seth - - 2010
Inadequate micronutrient intake during pregnancy, lactation and infancy is a major problem in many developing countries. Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) can improve micronutrient status, growth and development of infants, and also have potential to improve nutritional status of pregnant and lactating women. The objective of the study was to test ...
Arts Maaike - - 2011
Only 37% of infants younger than 6 months in Mozambique are exclusively breastfed. A qualitative assessment was undertaken to identify the knowledge, beliefs, and practices around exclusive breastfeeding-specifically, those of mothers, fathers, grandmothers, and nurses-and to identify the support networks. Results show many barriers. In addition to receiving breast milk, ...
Bedwell Carol - - 2011
A programme of research was undertaken to explore which factors contributed to decisions regarding birth place. As part of this programme, the views of male partners of pregnant women were examined to gain understanding of their contribution to the decision making process, with regard to different birth settings. A qualitative ...
Lenoir-Wijnkoop I - - 2012
The objective of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of the use of prebiotics for the primary prevention of atopic dermatitis in The Netherlands. A model was constructed using decision analytical techniques. The model was developed to estimate the health economic impact of prebiotic preventive disease management of atopic ...
Dahlen H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In February 2009 the Improving Maternity Services in Australia - The Report of the Maternity Services Review (MSR) was released and recommended improving women's access to and availability of birth centres. It was unclear if this was in response to an overwhelming request for birth centres in the submissions ...
Pannu Pk - - 2010
Aim:  To determine the effect of mothers receiving health promotion material and education antenatally and/or postnatally on breastfeeding outcomes in Perth, Western Australia. Methods:  A 12-month longitudinal study was conducted in two public maternity hospitals in Perth, Western Australia, between 2002 and 2003. Data were collected on a consecutive sample ...
Nowak Emily W - - 2011
Objective: To develop an in-depth understanding of the experiences and contexts of fetal and infant mortality from the perspective of women and men who experienced a fetal or infant loss. Design: Qualitative, descriptive. Setting: Small urban community of 100,000. Participants: Eleven women and four men who experienced a fetal (>14 ...
Van Dijk Julie Willems - - 2011
Objective: To measure the impact of a Medicaid benefit called Prenatal Care Coordination (PNCC) on healthy birth outcomes. Design: A cross sectional design was used to compare the birth outcomes of infants born to women who received Medicaid and PNCC services to the birth outcomes of infants born to women ...
- - 2010
The first National Guidelines on Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) were formulated by Ministry of Women and Child Development (Food and Nutrition Board) in 2004, and the same guidelines were revised in 2006. India is committed to halving the prevalence of under weight children by 2015 as one of ...
Stumpel D J P M - - 2011
MLL-rearranged acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in infants (<1 year) is the most aggressive type of childhood leukemia. To develop more suitable treatment strategies, a firm understanding of the biology underlying this disease is of utmost importance. MLL-rearranged ALL displays a unique gene expression profile, partly explained by erroneous histone modifications. ...
Hammoudeh Jeffrey - - 2012
Context : Surgical management for severe obstructive sleep apnea has been tracheostomy, which has significant morbidity. Objective : To determine the efficacy of internal mandibular distraction in treating severe obstructive sleep apnea in infants and neonates. Design : Retrospective review of medical records of 29 patients who underwent internal mandibular ...
Santelices M P - - 2011
Background  Research indicates that the early attachment patterns of babies could influence their socio-emotional development and prevent the emergence of problematic behaviours in the child later in life. Many studies in the field of early attachment interventions have promoted a secure attachment bond between mother and infant. The purpose of ...
Martinez-Biarge Miriam - - 2010
Central grey matter damage following perinatal hypoxia-ischaemia frequently leads to death or motor abnormality often with deficits in other developmental domains. Predicting these different outcomes is difficult yet very important for early management, planning and providing for needs on discharge and later and not least for parents to know how ...
Lang Colleen Walsh - - 2010
We examined knowledge and attitudes about sickle cell trait (SCT) and sickle cell disease (SCD) in women whose infants were identified with SCT through newborn screening. Mothers of infants identified with SCT by newborn screening were contacted 8 to 52 weeks post partum. Mothers were recruited if: (1) they participated ...
Eggesbø Merete - - 2011
Knowledge of the composition of a normal healthy gut microbiota during infancy is important for understanding the role of gut microbiota in disease. A limitation of previous studies is that they are based on infants who have been subject to factors, which can have a profound disruptive effect on the ...
Gunst Mark - - 2010
Injury mortality was classically described with a trimodal distribution, with immediate deaths at the scene, early deaths due to hemorrhage, and late deaths from organ failure. We hypothesized that the development of trauma systems has improved prehospital care, early resuscitation, and critical care and altered this pattern. This population-based study ...
Mussap Michele - - 2010
Acute kidney injury (AKI) has emerged as an important health problem in the intensive care units, especially among infants delivered prematurely. Recent efforts to define and characterize AKI have led to studies of early AKI detection and will ultimately contribute to improvements in AKI outcomes. The discovery of biomarkers for ...
de Bruïne Francisca T - - 2011
To investigate in preterm infants associations between Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) parameters of the posterior limb of the internal capsule (PLIC) and corpus callosum (CC) and age, white matter (WM) injury and clinical factors. In 84 preterm infants DTI was performed between 40-62 weeks postmenstrual age on 3 T MR. Fractional anisotropy ...
Ilves Pilvi - - 2010
The aim of this study is to evaluate the value of early radiological investigations in predicting the long-term neurodevelopmental outcome of infants with inflicted traumatic brain injury (ITBI). Clinical and radiological investigations of 24 infants with ITBI were performed during the acute phase of injury (1-3 days), and during the ...
Lunetta Philippe - - 2010
The increasing international mobility raises the possibility of foreign nationals dying abroad. Here, a descriptive, retrospective and population-based study of deaths abroad among Finnish residents from 1969 to 2007 is presented. The data were collected from the Statistics Finland data based on certificates of cause of death issued after repatriation ...
Chakraborty Mallinath - - 2010
Respiratory morbidity and mortality remain common in preterm infants. The immature preterm lung is especially prone to injury. This process often starts in-utero due to maternal chorioamnionitis, priming the lung for further injury in response to post-natal ventilation, oxygen and nosocomial infection. Pulmonary inflammation has been strongly implicated in the ...
Parikh Shital N - - 2010
PURPOSE: Car seats should be used to prevent injury or death in children during motor vehicle crashes. When used improperly or for unintended purposes, car seats can place children at risk for injury or death. The objective of this article is to describe patterns of hazardous use of car seats ...
Ibrahim Nicole G - - 2010
OBJECT: Falls are the most common environmental setting for closed head injuries in children between 2 and 4 years of age. The authors previously found that toddlers had fewer skull fractures and scalp/facial soft-tissue injuries, and more frequent altered mental status than infants for the same low-height falls (<or=3 ft). ...
Rangel Erika L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: While disparities in abuse-related mortality between minority and white infants have been reported, the influence of socioeconomic status on outcome has not been evaluated. The goal of this study was to determine the impact of socioeconomic status and race on outcomes for abused infants using multiinstitutional data. METHODS: Data ...
Ahmed Saifuddin - - 2011
To provide a model-based method of estimating maternal mortality at the subnational level and illustrate its use in estimating maternal mortality rates (MMrates) and maternal mortality ratios (MMRs) in all 64 districts of Bangladesh. Knowing that mortality is more pronounced among the poorer segments of a population, in rural areas ...
Drury Paul P - - 2010
There is now compelling clinical evidence that prolonged, moderate cerebral hypothermia initiated within a few hours after severe hypoxia-ischemia and continued until resolution of the acute phase of delayed cell death can reduce subsequent neuronal loss and improve behavioral recovery in term infants and adults after cardiac arrest. Perhaps surprisingly, ...
Bennet L - - 2010
Cerebral hypothermia reduces brain injury and improves behavioral recovery after hypoxia-ischemia (HI) at birth. However, using current enrolment criteria many infants are not helped, and conversely, a significant proportion of control infants survive without disability. In order to further improve treatment we need better biomarkers of injury. A 'true' biomarker ...
Sardesai Smeeta R - - 2011
Although neonatal care has become more and more meticulous with significant changes in technology in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in the past 50 years, iatrogenic cutaneous injuries continue to occur. Although the incidence of severe injuries is decreasing because the more difficult procedures are being replaced by improved ...
Ingham A I - - 2011
Objective To determine the significance of bruises in cases of infant death to ascertain if their presence was associated with other injuries or homicide. Design Retrospective cohort study. Setting Forensic Science South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia. Patients 135 infants aged between 7 and 364 days autopsied over a 9-year ...
Miller Rubin - - 2010
Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) has been thought to be caused by violent shaking of an infant and is characterized by the triad of findings: subdural hematoma (SDH), retinal hemorrhages, and neurologic abnormalities. The triad is not specific for SBS and can be seen in accidental trauma and in certain medical ...
Borna Hajiehe - - 2010
Birth trauma at delivery is a rare but significant prenatal complication. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of birth trauma and risk factors related to fetal injury. Birth trauma was evaluated in singleton fetuses with no major anomalies and with vertex presentations over a 3-year period ...
Deng Wenbin - - 2010
Owing to improved survival rates of premature newborns, the number of very low birth weight infants is rising. Preterm infants display a greater propensity for brain injury caused by hypoxic or ischemic events, infection and/or inflammation that results in prominent white matter injury (WMI) than infants carried to full term. ...
Boardman J P JP Institute of Clinical Sciences, Imperial College London and MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Hammersmith Hospital, Du Cane Road, London W12 0NN, UK. - - 2010
Diffuse white matter injury is common in preterm infants and is a candidate substrate for later cognitive impairment. This injury pattern is associated with morphological changes in deep grey nuclei, the localization of which is uncertain. We test the hypotheses that diffuse white matter injury is associated with discrete focal ...
Katz Joel S - - 2010
OBJECT: The incidence, type, and severity of pediatric cervical spine injuries (CSIs) are related to age and mechanism of injury. In this study, the authors assessed the prevalence of CSIs in infants with head trauma treated in their institution. METHODS: The authors reviewed the medical records of children younger than ...
Gherman Robert B - - 2010
The exact role of the Zavanelli maneuver for the management of shoulder dystocia still remains to be defined. None of the previously reported cases in which the Zavanelli maneuver has been employed described impaction of posterior fetal arm. At 40 weeks' gestation, a nulliparous patient with gestational diabetes, who underwent ...
Patonay Bryan C - - 2010
An unexpected infant death is usually investigated with a complete autopsy. If evidence of prior trauma is found at autopsy in these cases, suspicion is raised for nonaccidental trauma. In a young infant, the residua of trauma received during birth has the potential to be incorrectly interpreted as nonaccidental trauma. ...
McPherson Ronald J - - 2010
Perinatal asphyxia, intraventricular hemorrhage and stroke are common causes of neonatal brain injury, with hypoxia-ischemia as the final common pathway of injury. Erythropoietin (Epo) has potential to lessen neurologic sequelae due to hypoxia-ischemia. The purpose of this review is to highlight new clinical trials and experimental evidence that expand our ...
Cotten C Michael - - 2010
Moderate to severe hypoxic-ischemic injury in newborn infants, manifested as encephalopathy immediately or within hours after birth, is associated with a high risk of either death or a lifetime with disability. In recent multicenter clinical trials, hypothermia initiated within the first 6 postnatal hours has emerged as a therapy that ...
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