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Wolf Alex - - 2012
The author responds to an article published in the Journal by Joseph J. Mangano and Janette D. Sherman suggesting that an increase in U.S. deaths shortly after Japan's Fukushima nuclear plant accident could be attributed to radiation from this accident arriving in the United States. The author writes that the ...
Young Marisa R - - 2012
Several sub-Saharan African countries plan to scale-up infant male circumcision (IMC) for cost-efficient HIV prevention. Little data exist about the safety of IMC in East and southern Africa. We calculated adverse event (AE) rate and risks for AEs associated with introduction of IMC services at five government health facilities in ...
Marini Herbert - - 2012
Genistein aglycone, one of the soy isoflavones, has been reported to be beneficial in the treatment of menopausal vasomotor symptoms, osteoporosis, and cardiovascular diseases, as well as in a variety of cancers. However, issues of potential harm on thyroid function resulting from soy isoflavones consumption have been raised. Much of ...
Vidaeff Alex C - - 2011
Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is an obstetrical complication associated with high neonatal morbidity and mortality. The current management of PPROM focuses on neonatal benefit and includes the ancillary use of corticosteroids for fetal maturation. The purpose of this work was to provide a comprehensive and unbiased review of ...
Odd David Edward - - 2011
Objective: The goal of this study was to investigate the association of poor birth condition with long-term social and economic outcomes at 25 to 31 years of age. Methods: This was a population-based cohort study using data derived from linkage of routinely collected Swedish data. All term infants born in ...
Bremner J Gavin - - 2011
From birth, infants detect associations between the locations of static visual objects and sounds they emit, but there is limited evidence regarding their sensitivity to the dynamic equivalent when a sound-emitting object moves. In 4 experiments involving thirty-six 2-month-olds, forty-eight 5-month-olds, and forty-eight 8-month-olds, we investigated infants' ability to process ...
Kamath Beena D - - 2011
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a major contributor to neonatal mortality worldwide. However, little information is available regarding rates of RDS-specific mortality in low-income countries, and technologies for RDS treatment are used inconsistently in different health care settings. Our objective was to better understand the interventions that have decreased the ...
Zhang Yuanting Y Office of Regulations, Policy and Social Sciences, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration, College Park, Maryland, USA. - - 2011
To describe the use of dietary botanical supplements and teas among infants, the characteristics of mothers who give them the specific botanical supplements and teas used, reasons for use, and sources of information. We used data from the Infant Feeding Practices Study II, a longitudinal survey of women studied from ...
Cass Darrell L - - 2011
The field of neonatal surgery is now inextricably linked to the field of obstetrics. Neonatologists and surgical specialists experienced with the postnatal management and outcomes of infants with various disorders now look in utero along with obstetricians and fetal medicine specialists to characterize the development and well-being of fetuses with ...
Brown Amy - - 2011
brown a., raynor p. & lee m. (2011)  Healthcare professionals' and mothers' perceptions of factors that influence decisions to breastfeed or formula feed infants: a comparative study. Journal of Advanced Nursing ABSTRACT: Aim.  This article is a report of a study comparing healthcare professionals' and mothers' perceptions of factors that ...
Lundberg Pranee C - - 2012
to describe breast-feeding attitudes and practices among Vietnamese women in Ho Chi Minh City. a descriptive qualitative study was used. The theory of planned behaviour provided the conceptual framework. the Well-baby Clinic, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of a university hospital in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. 23 voluntary Vietnamese ...
Thomson Gill - - 2011
Given the overwhelming evidence for the benefits of breastfeeding, and yet the low prevalence rates in the UK, it is crucial to understand the influences on women's infant feeding experiences to target and promote effective support. As part of an evaluation study of the implementation of the UNICEF UK Baby ...
Wuehler Sara E - - 2011
Progress towards reducing mortality and malnutrition among children <5 years of age has been less than needed to achieve related Millennium Development Goals. Therefore, several international agencies joined to 'Reposition children's right to adequate nutrition in the Sahel', starting with a situational analysis of current activities related to infant and ...
Wuehler Sara E - - 2011
Progress towards reducing mortality and malnutrition among children <5 years of age has been less than needed to achieve related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Therefore, several international agencies joined to 'reposition children's right to adequate nutrition in the Sahel', starting with an analysis of current activities related to infant and ...
Wuehler Sara E - - 2011
Progress towards reducing mortality and malnutrition among children <5 years of age has been less than needed to achieve related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Therefore, several international agencies joined to 'Reposition children's right to adequate nutrition in the Sahel', starting with an analysis of current activities related to infant and ...
Spong Catherine Y - - 2011
Infant mortality, stillbirths, and preterm births are major public health priorities with significant disparities based on race and ethnicity. Interestingly, when evaluating the rates over the past 30 to 50 years, the disparity persists in all three and is remarkably consistent. In the United States, the infant mortality rate is ...
Scott Lisa S - - 2011
The effects of individual versus category training, using behavioral indices of stimulus discrimination and neural (ERPs) indices of holistic processing, were examined in infants. Following pretraining assessments at 6 months, infants were sent home with training books of objects for 3 months. One group of infants was trained with six ...
Thibeau Shelley - - 2011
The immune properties of breastmilk are the most effective preventative means of reducing infant mortality through both passive and active immunity. Breastmilk for term infants has been linked to decreased incidence of respiratory and ear infections and gastrointestinal distress. This protection is even more important for the preterm infant. Prematurity ...
Sehgal Arvind - - 2011
While extremely low-birthweight infants are at a higher risk of haemodynamic instability, management strategies can be highly variable and may lack scientific validation. The aetiology of cardiovascular compromise can be diverse. Volume replacements, cardiotropes (dobutamine, dopamine, epinephrine and milrinone) and hydrocortisone supplementation are common interventions. Most often, therapy is driven ...
Bronstein Janet M - - 2011
To examine the factors associated with delivery of preterm infants at neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) hospitals in Arkansas during the period 2001-2006, with a focus on the impact of a Medicaid supported intervention, Antenatal and Neonatal Guidelines, Education, and Learning System (ANGELS), that expanded the consulting capacity of the ...
DeSantis Andrea - - 2011
Traditionally, developmental psychology, occupational/physical therapy, and behavioral pediatrics view similar infant behaviors from temperament, sensory processing, or neurobehavioral theoretical perspectives. This study examined the relations between similar and unique summary scores of three infant assessments (Early Infancy Temperament Questionnaire - EITQ, the Infant Sensory Profile - ISP, and the NICU ...
Cole Tim J - - 2012
The decision to adopt the new WHO standard in the UK necessitated substantial changes to the neonatal section of the chart, including separation of the preterm UK birth weight reference from the WHO standard. The evidence-based design process has led to several novel features that could be generally applied in ...
Avery Alexis B - - 2011
The objective of the current study was to better understand how pregnant women and male partners conceptualize infant feeding and support for breastfeeding. Information was collected through 18 focus group interviews in 3 major US cities. There were 121 focus group participants of varying professions and income levels. Half were ...
Fewtrell Mary - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Early life nutrition may influence later osteoporosis risk. Preterm infants are at particular risk of suboptimal early nutrition, which is associated with poor neonatal bone mineralization and metabolic bone disease, but it is unclear whether this has long-term consequences for bone health. This review discusses the long-term ...
Carolan Mary - - 2011
BACKGROUND: stress during pregnancy is common and has been linked to a range of poorer maternal and infant outcomes. Treatment options are few, however, due to difficulties of diagnosis and concerns about the impact of medication on the developing fetus. Singing is an activity with stress reducing and other benefits ...
Smith Caren G - - 2011
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC ) can be a devastating disease in the NIC U population. The current standard of practice of not providing enteral nutrition to the critically ill and the premature infant is thought to result in pathophysiologic changes of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract that may result in the development ...
Ardal Frida - - 2011
(1) To explore the experience of non-English-speaking mothers with preterm, very low birth weight (VLBW) infants (,1,500 g); and (2) to examine mothers' assessment of a peer support program matching them with linguistically and culturally similar parent-buddies. An exploratory, qualitative analysis based on grounded theory. A convenience sample of eight ...
Karp Sharon M - - 2011
To specifically examine infant feeding practices in a sample of young mothers. A cross-sectional, descriptive/exploratory design with author-developed measures was used to assess maternal demographics, and knowledge of and practices related to infant (6-12 months of age) feeding. Numerous inappropriate feeding practices were identified in this sample of predominately low-income, ...
Miall Lawrence - - 2011
Respiratory distress in a moderately preterm baby often presents diagnostic and management challenges to the attending paediatrician. Many of these babies will require little or no intervention, but it is known that early intervention in babies with acute respiratory distress often prevents further complications. Most current research evidence relates to ...
Poulin-Dubois Diane - - 2011
Research has shown that preschoolers prefer to learn from individuals who are a reliable source of information. The current study examined whether the past reliability of a person's emotional signals influences infants' willingness to imitate that person. An emotional referencing task was first administered to infants in order to demonstrate ...
Stuebe Alison M - - 2011
Maternal knowledge and comfort with breastfeeding affect prenatal feeding intentions, and these intentions are strong predictors of feeding outcomes. However, predictors of exclusive breastfeeding intention have not been well characterized. We measured the association between intentions to exclusively breastfeed and knowledge of infant health benefits, feeding guidelines, and comfort related ...
Kinzler Katherine D - - 2011
Do infants develop meaningful social preferences among novel individuals based on their social group membership? If so, do these social preferences depend on familiarity on any dimension, or on a more specific focus on particular kinds of categorical information? The present experiments use methods that have previously demonstrated infants' social ...
Wirtschafter David D - - 2011
To evaluate the effectiveness of the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative quality-improvement model using a toolkit supplemented by workshops and Web casts in decreasing nosocomial infections in very low birth weight infants. This was a retrospective cohort study of continuous California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative members' data during the years ...
Dani Carlo - - 2011
Aim:  To assess the current practices existing in Italy for the management of jaundice in preterm infants as preliminary achievement to a call for national guidelines and establishment of a kernicterus registry. Methods:  A questionnaire (in Supporting Information online) was sent to the 109 level III neonatal units in Italy ...
Hamilton Kyra - - 2011
In Australia and other developed countries there is poor adherence to guidelines recommending the introduction of complementary feeding to infants at 6 months of age. We aimed to investigate, via adopting a Theory of Planned Behaviour framework and incorporating additional normative and demographic influences, mothers' complementary feeding intentions and behaviour. ...
Slaughter J L - - 2011
Objective:The goal of this study was to delineate the epidemiology of echocardiographically diagnosed pulmonary hypertension (PH) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) requiring prolonged positive pressure ventilation (PPV), and to determine the independent relationship between PH and mortality in these patients.Study Design:Our retrospective cohort included ...
Uppal Elaine - - 2011
This article provides a review of a Birth Rites organisation event to launch its new website and art competition. Birth Rites is the first and only collection of contemporary artwork dedicated to the subject of childbirth. The collection aims to redefine visual language in contemporary art around the subject of ...
Dykes Fiona - - 2011
This paper explores some of the significant changes that have taken place with regard to the protection, promotion and support of breast feeding during the past three decades. The period covered since the first issue of Midwifery in 1985, has been marked by some dramatic reversals of harmful discourses and ...
Wong Lufee - - 2011
Background:  Acute intrapartum hypoxia is an uncommon cause of cerebral palsy. The exclusion of acute intrapartum hypoxia utilizes two vital pieces of information that can be obtained at the time of birth: (i) cord blood gas to exclude a severe metabolic acidosis, and (ii) placental histology to suggest an alternative ...
Skafida Valeria - - 2011
In 2005, Scotland became the first nation to make breastfeeding in public a legal right, but current breastfeeding targets and maternity leave allowance do not acknowledge the conflicting demands women face when juggling employment and motherhood. This paper explores how employment and maternity leave relate to breastfeeding duration among mothers ...
Aguilar Adriana M - - 2011
Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) is a life threatening respiratory disorder in infants born through meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF). Its obstetric and perinatal management has been changing for over 35years. In pregnancies complicated by MSAF, suction of the hypopharynx before the delivery of the infant's shoulders and postnatal suction of vigorous ...
Hyde Daniel C - - 2011
Infants' unitary perception of their multisensory world, including learning from people (faces and speech), hinges on temporal synchrony. Despite its importance, relatively little work has investigated the brain processes involved in infants' perception of temporal synchrony. In two experiments, we examined event-related brain potentials (ERPs) to asynchronous and synchronous audio-visual ...
Kesmodel Ulrik Schiøler - - 2011
From September 2010, all births in Denmark will be monitored from a quality perspective with the Danish National Indicator Project in order to document and develop the quality in the care provided during delivery. We describe the process of selecting the indicators based on relevance, scientific evidence, usefulness and applicability, ...
Brown Amy - - 2011
A controlling maternal child-feeding style has been show to have negative consequences for child weight and eating style for children over the age of 12months. Maternal restriction is associated with increased consumption of food if given free access and child overweight. Pressure to eat conversely is associated with picky eating ...
Inoue Takao - - 2011
Infant-directed speech (IDS) has the important functions of capturing the infants' attention and maintaining communication between the mother and the infant. It is known that three acoustic components (F0, F0 range, and tempo) in IDS and adult-directed speech (ADS) are different. However, it is not easy to discriminate between IDS ...
Montes-Núñez Sonia - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Birth defects (BDs) are a serious public health problem in Mexico. The objective of this paper was to identify the frequency of newborns (NBs) that are born small for gestational age with a birth defect. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study of NBs from hospitals part of the Mexican ...
Chaimay Bhunyabhadh - - 2011
Feeding practices show many benefits for child and cognitive development. The objective was to investigate the association between infant feeding practices and the first meaningful words of Thai children. The participants enrolled in this longitudinal study were 4245 children born between July 2000 and June 2002. They resided in 3 ...
Biban Paolo - - 2011
Most newborns are born vigorous and do not require neonatal resuscitation. However, about 10% of newborns require some type of resuscitative assistance at birth. Although the vast majority will require just assisted lung aeration, about 1% requires major interventions such as intubation, chest compressions, or medications. Recently, new evidence has ...
Rovamo Liisa - - 2011
Objective Education of medical staff according to Neonatal Resuscitation Program guidelines improves outcome of delivery room resuscitation. Regular assessment of skills is important for reliable performance of neonatal resuscitation. We assessed the practical resuscitation skills of clinicians in a standard scenario in a newborn simulation. Design Observational cohort study. Main ...
Bhutta Zulfiqar A - - 2011
Newborn deaths account for 57% of deaths in children younger than 5 years in Pakistan. Although a large programme of trained lady health workers (LHWs) exists, the effectiveness of this training on newborn outcomes has not been studied. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based intervention package, principally ...
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