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Fife D - - 1987
An injury event related to a person's death may be recorded on the death certificate as the underlying cause of death, as an event associated with death but not necessarily causing it, or both. Of the 5,882 deaths in Los Angeles during 1980 with a related injury event recorded on ...
White S J - - 1987
Birth injuries of the shoulder and proximal humerus of infants can be difficult to evaluate on plain radiographs because of lack of ossification in the proximal humeral epiphysis. We here describe arthrography of the infant shoulder and advocate it as a useful diagnostic procedure in the evaluation of humeral fractures ...
Perkins R P - - 1987
The author presents a perspective on perinatal brain injury from the point of brain development, and discusses subsequent adverse outcomes. It is stressed that injury is frequently attributed to perinatal causes and avoidable circumstances when in fact the obstetrician could not possibly foresee or circumvent it. Evidence of the dramatic ...
Amodio J - - 1987
Ten cases of large pleural collections, all of which were iatrogenically induced in premature infants, are presented. There were five instances of hypopharyngeal tears communicating with the right pleural space, three of chylothorax secondary to superior vena caval obstruction in patients undergoing total parenteral nutrition catheterization (TPN), and two of ...
Waugaman R M - - 1987
The patient's therapeutic regression intensifies certain unconscious meanings of the analytic couch. In addition to representing the analysis or the analyst in general, the couch can represent the unconscious, or it may take on the symbolic significance of the analyst's or mother's arms, lap, breasts, or womb. When the genetic ...
Wintemute G J - - 1986
Injury mortality is commonly viewed as a 'disease of development'--a viewpoint which may well be incorrect. This exploratory study found no relationship between reported injury mortality rates and per capita gross national product for 46 developing and industrialized countries; the highest rates reported were all from developing or transitional nations. ...
Rieder M J - - 1986
Infant walkers have been described as a cause of unexpected trauma in the first year of life. We conducted a prospective study to determine the mechanism and pattern of walker injuries presenting to an urban pediatric teaching hospital. We also studied the patterns of walker use. All injuries sustained by ...
Knobel G J - - 1986
The unrest situation in South Africa since September 1984 has led to the escalation of violence and numerous incidents of confrontation between security forces and unruly crowds. The failure of routine law enforcement methods to alleviate the situation resulted in declaration of a State of Emergency in various parts of ...
Kaulesar Sukul D M - - 1986
A description is given of carpal boss, an arthritic deformity based on an additional ossal growth centre of the carpus in which degenerative changes were induced by (trivial) injury, mostly in young patients. Nine patients are reported in whom operative treatment viz. excision of the carpal boss, produced excellent results.
Kleinman P K - - 1986
The metaphyseal lesions in abused infants have highly distinctive radiologic characteristics. The so-called "bucket-handle" and "corner" fractures often form the basis for the diagnosis of abuse. However, despite the great familiarity with the radiologic appearances, no systematic histopathologic study of the metaphyseal lesions in abused infants has been carried out. ...
Bergman I - - 1986
We present a newborn with a unilateral complete facial palsy caused by birth trauma, and discuss the differential diagnosis, pathophysiology, and management of this common, usually benign, condition. This child made a rapid, complete, spontaneous recovery despite a severe initial injury. Surgical exploration of the facial nerve should be considered ...
- - 1986
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is proposing to require the filing of a premarket approval application (PMA) or a notice of completion of a product development protocol (PDP) for the infant radiant warmer, a medical device. The agency is also summarizing its proposed findings regarding: (1) the degree of ...
Dykes L J - - 1986
In 1974 John Caffey described a form of abuse in infants which he called "The Whiplash Shaken Infant Syndrome." This syndrome involves vigorous manual shaking of infants by the extremities or shoulders, with whiplash-induced intracranial and intraocular bleeding, but with no external signs of head trauma. This article reviews the ...
Seemayer T A - - 1985
Variable degrees of injury of the pancreatic islets of Langerhans, with sparing of the acinar pancreas, were observed in three infants (age range, 1 day to 3 months) who died of profound shock. The duration of shock varied from 19 to 48 hours. In two of the infants, the shock ...
Whitfield R A - - 1985
Illustrative projections of mortality from injuries, all accidents and motor vehicle crashes were developed based on current mortality rates. If exposure to existing injury sources is unchanged and unless more effective injury prevention countermeasures are employed, 8 million injury deaths may be expected to occur among the resident population of ...
Hargarten S W - - 1985
Fatalities among Peace Corps volunteers were analyzed for 1962 through 1983, with individual case histories reviewed for all deaths from 1977 through 1983. Unintentional injuries accounted for 70% of the 185 deaths of Peace Corps volunteers, with motor vehicle crashes the number 1 cause of death. The death rate from ...
Blue M G - - 1985
Minor accidents during natural mating are common occurrences during the breeding of horses. Mares may suffer from a variety of genital injuries including vulval separations, vaginal lacerations and, less commonly, vaginal rupture. Possible sequelae to, and management of, these injuries are described, with additional mention of false entry by the ...
Soni A L - - 1985
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the magnitude of risk factors associated with brachial plexus in infants born in hospital in Benghazi. A total of 7829 babies were examined over a period of 6 months. Twenty-eight had brachial palsy, giving an incidence of 3.6 per 1000 livebirths. Significant (P ...
Goodman R A - - 1985
Death certificates were used as a source of information to characterize fatalities associated with farm tractor injuries in Georgia for the period 1971-81. In this period, 202 tractor-associated fatalities occurred among residents of Georgia; 198 of these persons were males. The annual tractor-associated fatality rate for males based on the ...
Lipe H P - - 1985
Brain and spinal cord injuries are a frequent cause of death and long-term disability in motor vehicle accidents. Helmet use reduces death and head injury severity in motorcycle accidents. Proper use of child restraints can prevent death from falls and vehicle crashes. Auto lap and shoulder restraints, when in use, ...
van Zomeren A H - - 1985
In a follow up study of 57 patients who had sustained a severe closed head injury, 84% still reported some residual deficit in their psychological functioning after two years, with forgetfulness being the most common complaint. Expressing the severity of the injury in terms of both the duration of post-traumatic ...
Holcroft J W - - 1984
The pneumatic antishock garment is widely used in trauma patients because it compresses small veins and should augment venous return. If the garment does augment venous return, it should probably be used in all injured patients in shock, regardless of injuries and regardless of anticipated transport time. On the other ...
Raimer S S - - 1984
A neonate was noted to have two depressed scars on the upper part of the back at birth that we believe resulted from midtrimester amniocentesis; no underlying injury was apparent. Scar formation from needle puncture occurs in an estimated 1% to 3% of the infants whose mothers have undergone midtrimester ...
Neal P R - - 1984
Caput succedaneum is a common birth injury attributed to cervical, uterine, or vaginal pressure on the fetal presenting part. It usually consists of diffuse soft tissue swelling and bruising, which resolve in a few days without sequelae. We have seen two patients who had an unusual alopecic "halo" ring on ...
Levine M G - - 1984
The authors retrospectively studied 13,870 singleton full-term consecutive live births at a major teaching hospital and assessed the frequency of brachial plexus injury, clavicular fracture, and facial nerve injury in newborns delivered from January 1974 through December 1977 and from January 1979 through September 1981. Predisposing factors relating to mechanical ...
Kleinman P K - - 1984
In infants who are victims of abuse, fractures of the thoracic and lumbar spinous processes are likely to be the result of violent shaking. While initial radiographs may appear normal, subsequent studies may reveal extensive ossification within the adjacent soft tissues. These abnormalities are subtle and easily overlooked, in part ...
Helfer R E - - 1984
Four infants, three premature and one term, developed serious bony injury from parent- or caretaker-administered passive exercises. In the three infants born prematurely, the exercise program was prescribed by neonatal intensive care unit staff before discharge; in the fourth infant, the babysitter initiated the program. In each case the passive ...
Tolonen J - - 1984
The present investigation was based on the files of the Boards of Traffic Accident Investigation of insurance companies with regard to those fatal motor-car accidents in Finland during the period 1972-1979, where the driver or front seat passenger had died. The analysis concerned a total of 1197 fatalities. In collisions ...
Perry M O - - 1983
Iatrogenic injury is the most common cause of vascular insufficiency in infants; cardiac catheterization, arteriography and monitoring procedures are often implicated. Loss of limb is rare, but limb shortening is a frequent complication. The diagnosis is usually obvious; pulses are absent, and the extremity is cold, pale or mottled, and ...
Rutherford Y - - 1983
Traumatic femoral epiphyseal periostitis is a rare complication of breech delivery by cesarean section. The clinical course and management of a case of distal femoral periostitis recently encountered by the authors is discussed.
Altman K - - 1983
This clinical case study extends the literature on behavioral treatment of self-injury to an intellectually normal infant with spina bifida and diminished sensitivity to pain. After treatment by attention-play periods plus an aversive tasting substance applied to the injured finger, severe biting of the index finger was eliminated and the ...
Dankiewicz-Sznajder J - - 1983
The aim of the presented research was: 1. to analyse the causes and effects of accidents that occurred on the Polish Ocean Lines ships in 1975-1980 at mooring manoeuvres. 2. Issuing certain prophylactic recommendations. The material of the research was information contained in the 95 accident record cards and in ...
Parisi J E - - 1983
The unusual occurrence of spasticity at birth with symmetrical thalamic damage was found in a male infant delivered at 36 weeks' gestation following an episode of traumatically induced premature labor at 32 weeks. The infant was found to be spastic in flexion with increased stretch reflexes, depressed primitive reflexes, and ...
Kurjak A - - 1983
Recent significant improvements in the antenatal diagnosis of fetal malformations has created many legal dilemmas. This has also stimulated reconsideration of the role of tort law as a vehicle for compensating infants for antenatal injuries. The Zagreb group has been studying this problem for the last 4 years and present ...
De Battersby R - - 1982
Adult patients with primary basilar impression were four times more likely to have a history of birth injury than a control group. Distortion of basicranial synchondroses during birth is suggested as a possible mechanism and, in association with hindbrain herniation and arachnoid adhesions, may contribute towards the development of syringomyelia.
Abramov I - - 1982
We have examined a pair of eyes from a normal, full-term infant who died at 8 days as a result of accidental injury. Eyes were obtained immediately after death, fixed, and sectioned for light microscopy. Results from both eyes were substantially the same. The macular region was still drastically immature ...
Fazen L E LE - - 1982
In a study of 49 children between the ages of 8 and 14 months, parents were surveyed with a written questionnaire and a follow-up phone interview to determine the utilization of baby walkers and the frequency and severity of baby walker injuries. Most respondents (86%) placed their children in various ...
Kavanagh C A - - 1982
The use of infant walkers within a large prepaid pediatric group practice was investigated. Of 195 patients (age range, 5 to 15 months) surveyed during a three-months) surveyed during a three-month period, 150 patients (77%) used infant walkers. Of those, 47 patients (31%) had suffered mishaps. These included closed head ...
Khatree M H - - 1982
The labours of 8 patients which resulted in the birth of babies with brachial plexus injury were studied. Four of the mothers were Black, 1 was Asian and 3 were White. Seven had instrumental deliveries. All babies were above average birth weight. Shoulder dystocia occurred in 7, with 5 of ...
Fife D - - 1981
Aircraft accidents with survivors were examined to determine the relative risk of mortality for unrestrained infant passengers vs seat-belted adult passengers. The crude relative risk was estimated to be 7.1, based on US data, and 7.4, based on worldwide data. More refined estimates allow for possible effect of seat location ...
Couch S - - 1981
A postmortem examination early during the investigative period of the murder of a young law enforcement officer on the edge of the Kansas Turnpike led to the development and application of a technique for the preservation of evidence by a visiting consultant. This resulted in the construction of a life-sized ...
McCormick M C - - 1981
Factors associated with injury in the first year of life were examined using data on a random sample of infants in eight regions in the United States. By 1 year of age, 8.6% of the 4,989 infants surveyed had had an injury for which medical care was sought, although serious ...
Godthelp J - - 1980
Course holding by cyclists and moped riders includes both steering alongside a course and stabilising the vehicle. Inability to hold course may lead to conflicts with other road users. To design safe bicycle and moped facilities, and to consider the safety of those existing, knowledge about performance during course holding ...
Woodard B H - - 1980
A morphologic sequence of progressive hepatic injury is demonstrated in an immature infant who received TPN for 148 days. Because immature infants are susceptible to multiple pathophysiologic insults, it is presently impossible to isolate a single etiologic agent responsible for hepatic dysfunction. It is important for physicians caring for immature ...
Rossi T M - - 1980
Thirty infants with intractable diarrhea of infancy (IDI) underwent small bowel biopsies in order to determine the extent and duration of small intestinal mucosal injury. The onset of the persistent diarrhea occurred prior to 3 months of age and continued for an average of 48 days prior to investigation. In ...
Lebenthal E - - 1980
The development of glucoamylase activity was compared to that of disaccharidase in the small intestinal mucosa of infants and children. By the age of one month, infants have glucoamylase and disaccharidase levels comparable to those of young adults, indicating that young infants may be able to digest and absorb starches. ...
Dixon A S - - 1980
Recent reports from the Canadian Pediatric Society's Nutrition Committee(1-5) have re-examined issues concerning the feeding of infants, and recommendations have been presented.In an article reviewing a similar report by the Nutrition Committee of the American Academy of Pediatrics, Woodruff(6) refers to the art of infant feeding and the science of ...
Jain I S - - 1980
In a study of over 2,000 consecutive live births, 243 newborns (12%) suffered birth trauma to the eye and its adnexa. Two hundred twenty-one cases (11%) had multiple retinal hemorrhages. Severe ocular accidents by forceps delivery were seen in the form of hyphema, Purtscher's retinopathy, corneal edema, facial palsy, and ...
Pearn J H - - 1979
The domestic bathtub is an important site for infant drownings. A total population study of drowning and near-drowning accidents involving Honolulu infants has enabled the risks to be specified with greater detail. A series of seven consecutive bathtub immersion accidents is presented. The "at risk" profile comprises highly mobile families ...
Broucek F - - 1979
I have reviewed some experimental studies which deal with the issue of the infant's control over environmental events, the infant's joy when it discovers that an external event is contingent upon its activity, and the corresponding trauma of being unable to influence, predict or comprehend an event which the infant ...
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