Search Results
Results 801 - 850 of 940
< 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 >
Carey V - - 1993
This paper reports a retrospective study of deaths due to unintentional injury in children aged between 0 and 14 years of age in New South Wales between 1985 and 1987. The aims were to determine whether the pattern of child injury mortality differed between rural and metropolitan New South Wales ...
Vaughan A G - - 1993
A case is described of self-inflicted oral injury in a 15-month-old infant. The child had a habit of posturing the mandible forwards and biting the gingiva lingual to the mandibular primary incisors with the maxillary incisors, causing marked ulceration. It is suggested that the habit may have been initiated by ...
Samuelsen S O - - 1993
The paper focuses on how mortality due to injuries among Norwegian children has varied over time and throughout the country over the last two decades. The temporal trends are compared to those of the other Nordic countries. Individual data on date of birth and death, county of residence at death, ...
Lifschultz B D - - 1993
Though a rare cause of death, lightning is reported to be responsible for more fatalities each year in this country than any other type of natural disaster. Lightning injuries differ significantly from other high voltage electrical injuries because of the high current flow, but extremely short duration, of the lightning ...
Lau I V - - 1993
Loadings induced by deploying currently representative air bags were studied with driver surrogates (anesthetized swine) leaning against the system during inflation. Torso injury mechanisms were studied in a physiologic model, supported against a static steering wheel-mounted air bag system. Severe and extensive chest and abdominal injuries to the swine were ...
Sidhu D S - - 1993
To assess the mortality incidence among trauma victims a one year prospective study was conducted on all patients admitted with physical trauma. The causes of death amongst trauma victims comprised road traffic accident (44.71%), thermal injuries (19.71%), domestic causes (11.54%), agriculture related injury and criminal violence (9.61% each), fall of ...
Hokken W - - 1993
Tetraplegic arms of patients with spinal cord injury at C5 or C6 level are often held in a flexed supinated position. In supination the function of the hand is limited. This report presents a newly developed orthosis giving active pronation of the forearm for a C6 complete tetraplegic. The orthosis ...
Howard M A - - 1993
The widely accepted theories concerning the pathophysiology of infant subdural haematoma (SDH) were formulated in the pre-computed tomographic (CT) scan era. Violent shaking is considered to be a crucial cause of SDH in non-accidentally injured infants. This theory has been re-examined in a clinical and CT scan review, and our ...
Wilson A L AL Department of Pediatrics, USD School of Medicine, Sioux - - 1993
This annual report on South Dakota's children shows that the state's birth rate in 1991 has again dropped and is below the national rate. In recent years there has been progress noted in the utilization of first trimester prenatal care and the state's infant mortality rate is comparable to that ...
Morrison J C - - 1992
Dystocia of the shoulder is an unpredictable obstetric emergency that may result in injury to the mother or fetus. In an effort to reduce such risks, attempts have been made to identify patients having a fetus who may subsequently develop shoulder dystocia. The literature, however, clearly reflects that even the ...
Ros S P - - 1992
Head injuries constitute a common problem in the pediatric population. Recent studies indicate that infants are at increased risk for skull fractures following head trauma. The purpose of our study is to examine the utility of skull radiographs in asymptomatic infants presenting after a minor head injury. We retrospectively reviewed ...
Brereton S - - 1992
AIMS: Upholstered furniture is considered by governments in the United Kingdom, United States of America, Canada and New Zealand to be a potentially hazardous product. Use of polyurethane foam in upholstered furniture in the United Kingdom was banned in 1989 so as to reduce the risk of injuries and deaths ...
Gould S J - - 1992
In neonates, acquired subglottic stenosis is the most serious long-term complication of endotracheal intubation and is due primarily to posttraumatic fibrosis of the infant larynx. We have examined 78 larynges, 75 of which were intubated, from infants ranging in gestation from 22 to 40 weeks, and who survived from a ...
McConnell T S - - 1992
Powerline contact by hot-air balloons is one of the most frequent concurrences in balloon accidents resulting in injury or death. Injuries and deaths are usually a result of blunt trauma from falls. In this report, we describe the aircraft, the circumstances of the accidents and the autopsy data in two ...
Corey T S - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: The number and causes of unintentional infant deaths were determined to identify common, preventable infant deaths. DESIGN: Retrospective autopsy review. SUBJECTS: Infants aged 1 day to 1 year undergoing complete autopsies. SETTING: Autopsies performed by the Louisville Office of the Kentucky Medical Examiner's Program from 1979 through 1989. METHOD: ...
Allan W C - - 1992
Acute cerebrovascular injury in term and preterm infants is a cause of significant morbidity. Treatment efforts in the past have focused on attempts to prevent such injury by interceding during labor in term infants and improving neonatal care in preterm infants. Epidemiologic studies suggest that these strategies have had little ...
Ruffin M T MT - - 1992
BACKGROUND: Injuries are the number one cause of morbidity and mortality among children age 14 and younger in the United States, and motor vehicle crashes account for most of these injuries. Although child restraint devices (CRDs) have been shown to protect children involved in motor vehicle crashes, only minimal decreases ...
Saltzman L E - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To compare the risk of death and the risk of nonfatal injury during firearm-associated family and intimate assaults (FIAs) with the risks during non-firearm-associated FIAs. DESIGN: Records review of police incident reports of FIAs that occurred in 1984. Victim outcomes (death, nonfatal injury, no injury) and weapon involvement were ...
- - 1992
In the United States, injuries are the leading cause of death and disability among children aged 1-4 years and the sixth leading cause of death and disability among infants aged less than 1 year. Small children and infants can be injured when left unattended, even in environments that appear safe. ...
Sosin D M - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To rebut criticism of a previous study of motorcycle helmet-use laws through reanalysis with improved measures of exposure, stratification for regional differences in crash risk, and addressing of total motorcycle-related mortality and the grounds for targeting motorcyclists for helmet-use laws. DESIGN: Death certificate-based correlational study of motorcycle-related deaths and ...
Korantzis A - - 1992
The incidence of nasal septum dislocation (NSD) was studied in 447 newborns and was found to be 17%. The aim of this study was to establish its aetiology as well as to find ways of prevention and early diagnosis of this obstetrical injury. The following conclusions were drawn: (a) The ...
Gallaher M M - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To determine the nature of excess injury mortality among Native Americans in New Mexico. DESIGN: Retrospective review of death certificates for deaths from unintentional injuries. SETTING: The state of New Mexico. SUBJECTS: New Mexico residents who died of unintentional injuries between January 1, 1980, and December 31, 1989. MAIN ...
Engel U - - 1992
On May 1, 1977 a new code was introduced into the Danish Road Traffic Act. The result was a change in layout and speed limits in a great number of residential streets; in most cases the streets were transformed into 30 km/h streets and in few cases into 15 km/h ...
Daly K E - - 1992
This is an epidemiological study based on Coroners' records analysing mode of injury and place and cause of death. The aim of the study is to provide data on the incidence and patterns of death from trauma and to assess the need for changes in trauma management. All traumatic deaths ...
Rossitch E E - - 1992
Perinatal spinal cord injury is a relatively uncommon, but a frequently misdiagnosed disorder. Often, the injury is not suspected and an erroneous diagnosis is made. We present five cases of perinatal spinal cord injury. In four, the referring physicians (including pediatric neurologists) misdiagnosed the condition. In view of these diagnostic ...
Volpe J J - - 1992
Brain injury in the premature infant and, particularly, the prevention of that injury is an enormous problem. With modern neonatal intensive care, approximately 85% of very low birth weight infants survive, and of these survivals, approximately 5-15% exhibit major spastic motor deficit, grouped under the rubric, 'cerebral palsy', and an ...
Boo N Y - - 1991
A prospective study was carried out on 26,176 Malaysian neonates born in the Maternity Hospital, Kuala Lumpur over a 12-month period to determine the incidence and associated risk factors of brachial plexus injuries. This condition was found in 42/26,176 neonates (1.6 per 1000 livebirths). Multiple logistic regression analysis of affected ...
Bull M J - - 1991
Attention must be devoted to proper positioning and selection of an appropriate child restraint system for infants with severe hydrocephalus to reduce the risk of potential injury during motor vehicle travel. Due to the infant's head size, parents may fear the head and neck will fall forward, or they may ...
Brucker J - - 1991
Brachial plexus birth injuries occur at a frequency of 1-2 per 1000 births. Many of these injuries spontaneously resolve. Should spontaneous recovery not occur within the first 4-6 months of life, the prognosis for attaining movement and function of the affected appendage is significantly impaired. The child demonstrates a lifelong ...
Guess D - - 1991
A three-level model was used to explain the emergence and maintenance of rhythmic stereotypy and self-injury. Level I represents rhythmic behaviors as internally regulated and common in normally developing infants, but delayed in onset among children with handicapping conditions. Consistent with homeostasis theory, Level II considers stereotypy and self-injury as ...
Goldsmith J R - - 1991
When the body temperature of a small neonate falls below 35 degrees C, lassitude can be noted; severe derangements of cardiovascular, renal, hepatic, immunological, and hematological systems may also occur depending in part on the duration and severity of hypothermia. Diagnosis requires a low-reading thermometer, lacking which the diagnosis can ...
Hargarten S W - - 1991
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Studies of travel-related mortality and morbidity have been limited to nonfatal events. Causes of travel-related mortality may differ significantly from morbidity and thus have different prevention strategies. DESIGN: We examined the overseas fatalities of US citizen travelers for the years 1975 and 1984. The death certificates were abstracted; ...
Carlan S J - - 1991
Shoulder entrapment during delivery is a true obstetric emergency that can result in significant maternal and infant trauma. Fetal macrosomia, maternal obesity, maternal diabetes and prolonged second stage of labor are associated risk factors. Infant complications of shoulder dystocia include traumatic brachial plexus injury, humeral fracture, clavicular fracture and severe ...
Lee R K - - 1991
Firearm injuries significantly affect mortality rates in many states throughout the United States. We reviewed all deaths due to injuries in all state for 1985 to determine deaths from firearm injury in proportion to deaths from all injuries in each state. We then compared Texas data with those of other ...
Coats T J - - 1991
Baby walkers have been associated with burns, head trauma and other types of injury. A retrospective study of all infants under the age of two years attending an accident and emergency unit demonstrated 22 injuries associated with baby walkers from a total of 1049 attendances. The most serious injuries were ...
Hargarten S W - - 1991
All-terrain vehicles (ATVs) have resulted in over 1,400 deaths and 400,000 injuries in the United States since their introduction in the 1970s. Analysis of deaths due to ATVs have been limited to a few states. Death certificates for ATVs were abstracted for the years 1983 through 1989 in Wisconsin. Fifty-two ...
Arif A - - 1991
The use of steroid and antibiotic prophylaxis no longer is tenable on the basis of recent studies showing their inability to favorably influence the outcome of caustic injuries. The need for early endoscopic and radiologic assessment if not gastroesophagectomy for severe injuries now is the management of choice. Further efforts ...
Sniezek J E - - 1991
More than 20 million non-US residents visit the United States each year. Data on deaths in this country among these non-US residents were obtained from US vital records. These data showed that from 1979 through 1984, 17,988 deaths occurred. Cardiovascular disease (International Classification of Diseases [ICD-9] 390-459) was the leading ...
Guptill K S - - 1991
About 3 to 4 million Americans travel to Mexico every year, yet their mortality experience has never been analyzed. Fatalities among US travelers to Mexico during the years 1975 and 1984 were examined using a previously unanalyzed data source. The leading cause of death to all US travelers to Mexico ...
Gonik B - - 1991
Shoulder dystocia (SD) is an event whose current diagnostic approach is based on subjective criteria alone. Since the risk for immediate neonatal morbidity is critically linked to recognition and appropriate management of this obstetric emergency, we hypothesized that infants having injuries consistent with SD are frequently delivered without the intrapartum ...
Williams B C - - 1990
Using data from the National Center for Health Statistics and the World Health Organization, child injury death rates in the US were compared to those of Canada, England and Wales, France, Netherlands, and Norway. Except for the 1981 Canadian figure, overall US childhood injury mortality was greater than childhood injury ...
Molloy C J - - 1990
One hundred and two paediatric cases of extradural haemorrhage (EDH) were treated in Adelaide, South Australia, during the period 1954-1988; 10 were infants (0-2 years) and 92 were children (2-14 years). There were 9 deaths (mortality 8.8%). Long-term disabilities severe enough to interfere with school and/or employment were seen in ...
Schellhase D E - - 1990
Flexible bronchoscopy (FB) is uniquely suited for the study of large airway lesions in the ventilated premature infant. However, no standardized clinical scoring system of distal tracheal injury exists and the adverse consequences of FB in ventilated premature infants are not well described. Using a prototype Olympus fiberoptic ultrathin bronchoscope ...
Whitaker A - - 1990
Relationships between abnormalities on neonatal serial cranial ultrasound and cognitive development at age one year were examined in 153 low birth weight (LBW) infants. Infants with complex injury (persistent parenchymal echogenicity, lucency, or persistent ventricular enlargement) scored significantly lower on the Bayley Mental Development Index than noninjured infants. Nine of ...
Allan W C - - 1990
The term intraventricular hemorrhage has become associated with a variety of cerebrovascular insults in preterm infants. Because of a shared pathophysiology and timing, these are the neurologic lesions to search for when evaluating sick preterm infants. This complex of lesions is common and, when parenchymal injury occurs, likely to result ...
Duclos P J - - 1990
Cases of lightning-related deaths and injuries that occurred in Florida in 1978-87 were reviewed to determine the factors involved, to quantify the morbidity and mortality related to lightning strikes, and to describe epidemiologically the injuries and circumstances involved. Statewide information on deaths was obtained from death certificates, autopsy reports, and ...
Robertson L S - - 1990
Fatal pedestrian injury rates by cars with relatively sharp front-corner designs were compared to such rates by cars of similar-size with relatively smooth front-corner designs. The relative risk of death by front-corner impact was 26 percent greater among the sharp-cornered cars. Pedestrian death rates from impact with other points on ...
Partyka S C - - 1990
Two national-level data sources are commonly used together to estimate and compare fatality rates by car weight. The weight of each car in a fatal crash is available on the automated files of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Fatal Accident Reporting System; weight is derived by interpreting the Vehicle ...
Marcella S - - 1990
The potential for infant walkers to cause injury to infants was demonstrated by the results of a survey of the practicing pediatricians in the state of Connecticut. There was a significant number of severe injuries reported. In addition, seven cases of infants hospitalized at Bridgeport Hospital because of injuries sustained ...
Broker F H - - 1990
A difficult delivery of a newborn infant may result in a traumatic separation of the proximal humeral epiphysis from the metaphysis through the physis. When the ossification center of the epiphysis is not yet visible radiographically, the correct diagnosis may be missed and the injury may be mistaken for a ...
< 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 >