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Chen B - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: In Michigan, drivers in rural motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) are twice as likely to die as nonrural drivers: this could be due to variation in the quality of acute trauma care. This study tests the hypothesis that the preventable death rate (PDR) is higher and that anatomic injury severity ...
McDermott F T - - 1995
After a decade of promotion and education, legislation for mandatory helmet wearing by bicyclists in Victoria was introduced on 1 July 1990. The legislation was a world first. Comparison of 1710 bicyclist casualties wearing and not wearing helmets has demonstrated that wearing helmets certified to the Australian Standard reduces the ...
Gould V E - - 1995
A total of 291 enlarged lymph nodes showing a range of reactive-inflammatory processes, primary and metastatic neoplasms were studied to determine the distribution and immunoprofile of their cytokeratin-positive interstitial reticulum cells (CIRC) in comparison with normal nodes. In 258/291 nodes (89%), CIRC numbers were distinctly increased in the subcapsular, paracortical ...
Thomas N H - - 1995
A 9-week-old infant who sustained a nonaccidental cervical spine fracture with spinal cord injury is reported. Such an injury has not been previously reported in such a young child. The clinical features raised initial difficulties in diagnosis, and management was hampered by the lack of recorded experience of such an ...
Hoeve L J - - 1995
The failure to extubate a preterm infant after prolonged intubation is often caused by laryngotracheal injury. This condition is treated by tracheotomy, anterior cricoid split, or often, by reintubation and subsequent extubation attempts in a later stage. To assess the value of reintubation as treatment of post-intubation injury, we retrospectively ...
Cummings P - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To measure annual rates of infant injury death in Washington State and identify potential risk factors for infant injury death. METHODS: A population-based case-control study using a linked file of birth and death certificates for the years 1981 through 1990. RESULTS: The leading causes of infant injury death, per ...
Mooney J F JF - - 1994
A 2.75-month-old male infant was referred to our institution due to persistent hip subluxation despite 3 weeks of treatment in a Pavlik harness. Harness treatment was continued for 2 more weeks until it was noted that his left upper extremity function, which had been normal previously, had changed. Radiographs showed ...
Wang Y C - - 1994
Two infants, delivered uneventfully, later developed right brachial plexus palsy secondary to pyogenic osteomyelitis and arthritis of the right shoulder joint. Weakness of right arms occurred at the sixth and tenth days of age respectively. Both had right arm tenderness on palpation and passive movement. Roentgenograms of their right shoulder ...
- - 1994
In 1991, deaths from suicide and homicide combined were the third leading cause of years of potential life lost before age 65 (YPLL-65) in the United States. Firearms were used in 60.1% of all suicides, in 67.8% of all homicides, and in less than 2.0% of unintentional injury deaths. Firearm-related ...
Grafe M R - - 1994
Several epidemiological studies have emphasized that prenatal factors are the best predictors for cerebral palsy. Many placental pathologists have anecdotally recognized an association between placental pathology and poor pregnancy outcome, including neurologic injury. This study was undertaken to determine if correlations exist between specific types of placental pathology and prenatal ...
Jaffe M - - 1994
Assumption of the vertical position and independent walking are potentially hazardous motor milestones in the developing infant. It has been presumed that the parachute reactions evolved to protect infants from injury during this developmental stage. To determine the relationship between the appearance of the upper and lower parachute reactions and ...
Chen S H - - 1994
Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in a neonate is an uncommon presentation of hemophilia. Its occurrence is invariably preceded by mild-to-moderate head injury, unlike adult hemophiliacs in whom ICH occurs without prior head injury in half the cases. The bleeding event may follow a minor injury of labor (eg, prolonged second stage ...
Langley R L - - 1994
Injuries from animals are very common, but fortunately deaths are rare. Few studies, however, have evaluated human deaths due to both venomous and nonvenomous animals. Utilizing the Medical Examiner's Data Base, this study examines deaths due to venomous and nonvenomous wild and domestic animals in North Carolina. During 1972-1989, there ...
Muniu E - - 1994
Records from the office of the Registrar of Births and Deaths in Nairobi, Kenya, were studied with the aim of determining the magnitude of fatalities due to injuries sustained in the living environment. This information covered the period between 1986 and 1990. Data were collected over a one month period ...
Chwals W J - - 1994
Over the past 35 years, surgery-associated mortality in the neonate has declined from greater than 60% to less than 10%. This progress is attributable, almost entirely, to a better understanding of the pathophysiologic changes that can occur during the perioperative period. It is increasingly apparent that the acute metabolic response ...
Chiaviello C T - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and significance of walker-related injuries in infants. METHODS: During a 3-year, 8-month period, all infants who were brought to the University of Virginia Pediatric Emergency Department with a walker-related injury were prospectively studied. During the emergency department visit, demographic and epidemiologic information were recorded. The ...
Chwals W J - - 1994
Overfeeding occurs when the administration of calories and/or specific substrate exceeds the requirements to maintain metabolic homeostasis. These requirements are substantially altered during periods of injury-induced acute metabolic stress. Excess nutritional delivery during this period can further increase the metabolic demands of acute injury and place an added burden on ...
Begg D J - - 1994
Relative to car crashes motorcycle crashes have received relatively little attention by the research community. This is the first in a series of three papers describing the epidemiology of motorcycle crashes resulting in death and hospitalisation in New Zealand. This paper describes the methods used for the study, provides an ...
Laurent J P - - 1994
Advances in intraoperative neuroelectrodiagnostic testing and microneurosurgical techniques have made it possible to accurately explore the brachial plexus of neonates. Since 1987, we have followed 250 infants with birth-related brachial plexus injuries, and successful operations have been completed on more than 70 infants. Fifty infants who underwent surgery have been ...
Langley J D - - 1994
This is the second paper in a series of three that describe the epidemiology of motorcycle crashes in New Zealand that result in death and hospitalisation. The first paper presented an overview of all motorcycle crashes. This paper focuses on traffic crashes. The source of the fatality data was national ...
Harris M J - - 1994
This prospective study sought to identify sociodemographic and psychosocial risk factors for unintentional infant injuries that occurred in or around the home. It also examined whether social support modified the relationship between high maternal stress and infant injury. The subjects were 367 mothers who were interviewed six to eight weeks ...
Lifschultz B D - - 1994
Forklift truck accidents are a common cause of occupational injury and death. The authors review deaths resulting from forklift accidents cases in the years 1984-1992 in Cook County, Illinois (which contains the large city of Chicago). The fatal injuries, the characteristics of the victims, and the circumstances of the deaths ...
Hida K - - 1994
The epidemiology of syringomyelia with Chiari type I deformity was investigated with particular reference to perinatal problems. All subjects in our study were born by vaginal delivery and had a high incidence of perinatal accidents (abnormal presentations, birth injuries, and neonatal asphyxia). This study suggests that these may be strong ...
Budenz D L - - 1994
PURPOSE: To ascertain whether the pathology of the eye and optic nerve might be useful in determining the manner of death in infants who died after sustaining apparent nonaccidental intracranial injury. METHODS: Complete autopsies were performed on 13 infants who died of acute intracranial injuries after nonaccidental trauma. The infants ...
Sola J E - - 1994
Traumatic diaphragmatic rupture is a rare childhood injury and is often difficult to diagnose. This is particularly true in infants. We present the case of a 3-month-old infant with traumatic rupture of the right diaphragm that became clinically apparent only after extubation. The diagnosis can often be made on the ...
Weesner C L - - 1994
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe fatal childhood injury patterns in an urban county and evaluate the use of the emergency medical services system. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of medical examiner files, prehospital and hospital records, and police and fire personnel reports. SETTING: Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, an urban county with a population ...
O'Donnell I - - 1994
This paper reports the subsequent mortality of 94 persons who attempted suicide by jumping in front of London Underground trains between 1977 and 1979. The follow-up period was 10 yr. Despite the apparent seriousness of the method, completion of suicide was not found to be higher than in previous studies ...
- - 1994
Injury is the leading cause of death for persons aged 1-44 years in the United States. More than half (55%) of all injury-related deaths are caused by motor vehicles and firearms. Although the number of deaths from motor-vehicle crashes has exceeded those from firearms, since 1968, differences in the number ...
Morild I - - 1994
A series of 133 deaths in traffic in Western Norway has been analysed. There were 116 deaths from accidents, 14 natural deaths and 3 suicides. Ischemic heart disease was the predominant cause of natural death behind the wheel. Single vehicular accidents was the predominating accident type and young males were ...
Escoffery C T - - 1993
The Jamaican Perinatal Morbidity and Mortality Survey (1986-1987) revealed nine cases of a previously unreported form of birth-related injury in the English-speaking Caribbean--occipital osteodiastasis. Aspects of the clinical and pathological features of this form of occipital bone injury are presented and discussed. Our findings suggest that this lesion might occur ...
Li G - - 1993
Pilots have been recognized as an occupational group having very high work-related death rates. Commuter aircraft and air taxis are far more likely to be involved in fatal crashes than are larger airplanes. To examine the factors related to pilot survival in commuter aircraft and air taxi crashes, we analyzed ...
Gabert T - - 1993
Snowmobiles represent the second most common cause of trauma related to motorized vehicles in northern Wisconsin. The epidemiology of these injuries is evaluated. Specific comparisons between snowmobiles and other vehicles are made. We conclude that snowmobiles represent a controllable etiology for injuries and death. Our data suggest some interventions to ...
Nelson D E DE New Mexico Office of the Medical Investigator, - - 1993
Multiple-cause mortality data was assessed as a source of information for surveillance of deaths associated with head or neck injuries. 1985-1986 DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: Data on causes of death were abstracted from death certificates in New Mexico and coded according to criteria of the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision ...
Muelleman R L - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To determine the magnitude of the discrepancy in injury death rates between urban and rural counties and which types of injury deaths contribute most to this discrepancy. DESIGN: A review of Nebraska death certificates over the period 1985-1989 was undertaken. Counties were divided into four groups according to population. ...
Trinkoff A - - 1993
The estimated number of walker-related injuries to infants increased during the 1980s, and standards for walker design safety remain voluntary with no monitoring to assess compliance. Although banning the walker has been proposed, this prevention strategy has not been employed. The most recent statistics available indicate that there were an ...
Doolin E J - - 1993
Ingestion of foreign bodies is common in infants. As a rule, the infant is being observed and the event is witnessed. When it is unwitnessed, acute symptoms bring the problem to the attention of a physician. When the ingestion is not witnessed or symptomatic, its presence can only be surmised. ...
Gottlieb M S - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: A review of the medical literature was undertaken to determine cause, diagnosis, prognosis, treatment and prevention of injuries resulting from birth trauma. The primary focus was the neonate, though infant, child and adult were also considered because the effects of birth trauma can be life-long. DATA SOURCE: A compilation ...
Jones S K - - 1993
1. Iowa farmers die from work related injuries at a rate of two to three times the rate of manufacturing workers. Farming ranks second highest in occupational fatalities in Iowa. 2. While all deaths involved multiple causal factors, the tractor was the most frequent agent of injury causing death. 3. ...
Kuzman M - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To show the underlying and external causes of death and selected characteristics of those killed in the war in Croatia between March 1991 and December 1992. DESIGN: Analysis of 4339 fatalities recorded on two national mortality statistics documents that specified war operations as the cause of death: a demography ...
Stewart G - - 1993
We evaluated the characteristics of traumatic injury and risk for subsequent trauma in infants less than three months of age (n = 111). Medical records were reviewed at presentation and one year later. Injury was due to abuse/neglect in 28%, whereas 72% were accidentally injured. Falls were the most common ...
Kuit J A - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness and complications of obstetric vacuum extraction with a rigid and a pliable cup, with a focus on neonatal retinal hemorrhage. METHODS: One hundred women requiring assisted delivery who met predefined criteria for vacuum extraction were randomly assigned to be delivered by the classic rigid Malmström ...
Walle T - - 1993
A prospective case-control study was made to estimate the incidence of clavicular fracture and brachial plexus palsy, to find out possible risk factors during pregnancy and labor associated with these injuries, and to ascertain the prognosis of injured infants. Clavicular fracture occurred in 165 (3.2%) and brachial plexus palsy in ...
Laurent J P - - 1993
The authors review the cases of 116 infants treated consecutively for birth-related brachial plexus injuries. Twenty-eight infants with upper brachial plexus lesions who showed no neurological improvement by 4 months of age were selected for early surgical reconstruction (at a mean age of 5 months). Neurological improvement of the affected ...
Mukasa G K - - 1993
In this retrospective review, data is presented of birth trauma seen among 4288 live born infants admitted to the special care unit of a large hospital over a three year period. Hypoxaemic brain injury resulting from birth asphyxia was by far the commonest form of birth trauma in this sample ...
Nocon J J - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is a risk profile for predicting or preventing shoulder dystocia and whether any of the obstetric maneuvers to disimpact a shoulder reduce the likelihood of permanent injury. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of 14,297 parturients with 12,532 vaginal deliveries ...
Williams C E - - 1993
Following a severe asphyxial episode many cells can recover metabolically, and a cascade of processes are triggered in which intervention, even some hours later, can allow rescue of some cells that would otherwise die. A number of principles, however, needs to be carefully considered before extrapolating from animal to human ...
Rafnsson V - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To study mortality among seamen, particularly from fatal accidents that occurred other than at sea. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Iceland. SUBJECTS: 27,884 seamen, both fishermen and sailors from the merchant fleet, who had been members of a pension fund from 1958 to 1986. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cause of death ...
Quak J M - - 1993
In a preterm infant, chest tubes were inserted for treatment of bilateral pneumothoraces. Hemorrhagic pericardial effusion with cardiac tamponade developed, probably resulting from traumatic injury by the left chest tube. The infant survived due to timely diagnostic and therapeutic intervention. No recurrence of pericardial effusion was seen and follow-up showed ...
Schnitzer P G - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: Studies from other countries have identified fishing as a hazardous industry, but little is known about occupational injury mortality related to fishing in the United States. Alaska was chosen for this study because approximately 45,000 people annually participate in Alaska's fishing industry and fishing is thought to be a ...
Baumgart S - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to far-wavelength infrared radiation (lambda > 2000 nm) may cause corneal opacity, miosis, and delayed cataracts (onset > 30 days). Near-wavelength infrared exposure (lambda < 1000 nm) may focus on the retina, causing burns; however, early eye examinations in neonates nursed under radiant warmers have failed to reveal ...
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