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Weesner C L - - 1994
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe fatal childhood injury patterns in an urban county and evaluate the use of the emergency medical services system. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of medical examiner files, prehospital and hospital records, and police and fire personnel reports. SETTING: Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, an urban county with a population ...
O'Donnell I - - 1994
This paper reports the subsequent mortality of 94 persons who attempted suicide by jumping in front of London Underground trains between 1977 and 1979. The follow-up period was 10 yr. Despite the apparent seriousness of the method, completion of suicide was not found to be higher than in previous studies ...
- - 1994
Injury is the leading cause of death for persons aged 1-44 years in the United States. More than half (55%) of all injury-related deaths are caused by motor vehicles and firearms. Although the number of deaths from motor-vehicle crashes has exceeded those from firearms, since 1968, differences in the number ...
Morild I - - 1994
A series of 133 deaths in traffic in Western Norway has been analysed. There were 116 deaths from accidents, 14 natural deaths and 3 suicides. Ischemic heart disease was the predominant cause of natural death behind the wheel. Single vehicular accidents was the predominating accident type and young males were ...
Escoffery C T - - 1993
The Jamaican Perinatal Morbidity and Mortality Survey (1986-1987) revealed nine cases of a previously unreported form of birth-related injury in the English-speaking Caribbean--occipital osteodiastasis. Aspects of the clinical and pathological features of this form of occipital bone injury are presented and discussed. Our findings suggest that this lesion might occur ...
Li G - - 1993
Pilots have been recognized as an occupational group having very high work-related death rates. Commuter aircraft and air taxis are far more likely to be involved in fatal crashes than are larger airplanes. To examine the factors related to pilot survival in commuter aircraft and air taxi crashes, we analyzed ...
Gabert T - - 1993
Snowmobiles represent the second most common cause of trauma related to motorized vehicles in northern Wisconsin. The epidemiology of these injuries is evaluated. Specific comparisons between snowmobiles and other vehicles are made. We conclude that snowmobiles represent a controllable etiology for injuries and death. Our data suggest some interventions to ...
Nelson D E - - 1993
Problem/Condition: Multiple-cause mortality data was assessed as a source of information for surveillance of deaths associated with head or neck injuries. Reporting Period Covered: 1985-1986 Description of System: Data on causes of death were abstracted from death certificates in New Mexico and coded according to criteria of the International Classification ...
Muelleman R L - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To determine the magnitude of the discrepancy in injury death rates between urban and rural counties and which types of injury deaths contribute most to this discrepancy. DESIGN: A review of Nebraska death certificates over the period 1985-1989 was undertaken. Counties were divided into four groups according to population. ...
Trinkoff A - - 1993
The estimated number of walker-related injuries to infants increased during the 1980s, and standards for walker design safety remain voluntary with no monitoring to assess compliance. Although banning the walker has been proposed, this prevention strategy has not been employed. The most recent statistics available indicate that there were an ...
Doolin E J - - 1993
Ingestion of foreign bodies is common in infants. As a rule, the infant is being observed and the event is witnessed. When it is unwitnessed, acute symptoms bring the problem to the attention of a physician. When the ingestion is not witnessed or symptomatic, its presence can only be surmised. ...
Gottlieb M S - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: A review of the medical literature was undertaken to determine cause, diagnosis, prognosis, treatment and prevention of injuries resulting from birth trauma. The primary focus was the neonate, though infant, child and adult were also considered because the effects of birth trauma can be life-long. DATA SOURCE: A compilation ...
Jones S K - - 1993
1. Iowa farmers die from work related injuries at a rate of two to three times the rate of manufacturing workers. Farming ranks second highest in occupational fatalities in Iowa. 2. While all deaths involved multiple causal factors, the tractor was the most frequent agent of injury causing death. 3. ...
Kuzman M - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To show the underlying and external causes of death and selected characteristics of those killed in the war in Croatia between March 1991 and December 1992. DESIGN: Analysis of 4339 fatalities recorded on two national mortality statistics documents that specified war operations as the cause of death: a demography ...
Stewart G - - 1993
We evaluated the characteristics of traumatic injury and risk for subsequent trauma in infants less than three months of age (n = 111). Medical records were reviewed at presentation and one year later. Injury was due to abuse/neglect in 28%, whereas 72% were accidentally injured. Falls were the most common ...
Kuit J A - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness and complications of obstetric vacuum extraction with a rigid and a pliable cup, with a focus on neonatal retinal hemorrhage. METHODS: One hundred women requiring assisted delivery who met predefined criteria for vacuum extraction were randomly assigned to be delivered by the classic rigid Malmström ...
Walle T - - 1993
A prospective case-control study was made to estimate the incidence of clavicular fracture and brachial plexus palsy, to find out possible risk factors during pregnancy and labor associated with these injuries, and to ascertain the prognosis of injured infants. Clavicular fracture occurred in 165 (3.2%) and brachial plexus palsy in ...
Laurent J P - - 1993
The authors review the cases of 116 infants treated consecutively for birth-related brachial plexus injuries. Twenty-eight infants with upper brachial plexus lesions who showed no neurological improvement by 4 months of age were selected for early surgical reconstruction (at a mean age of 5 months). Neurological improvement of the affected ...
Mukasa G K - - 1993
In this retrospective review, data is presented of birth trauma seen among 4288 live born infants admitted to the special care unit of a large hospital over a three year period. Hypoxaemic brain injury resulting from birth asphyxia was by far the commonest form of birth trauma in this sample ...
Nocon J J - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is a risk profile for predicting or preventing shoulder dystocia and whether any of the obstetric maneuvers to disimpact a shoulder reduce the likelihood of permanent injury. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of 14,297 parturients with 12,532 vaginal deliveries ...
Williams C E - - 1993
Following a severe asphyxial episode many cells can recover metabolically, and a cascade of processes are triggered in which intervention, even some hours later, can allow rescue of some cells that would otherwise die. A number of principles, however, needs to be carefully considered before extrapolating from animal to human ...
Rafnsson V - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To study mortality among seamen, particularly from fatal accidents that occurred other than at sea. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Iceland. SUBJECTS: 27,884 seamen, both fishermen and sailors from the merchant fleet, who had been members of a pension fund from 1958 to 1986. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cause of death ...
Quak J M - - 1993
In a preterm infant, chest tubes were inserted for treatment of bilateral pneumothoraces. Hemorrhagic pericardial effusion with cardiac tamponade developed, probably resulting from traumatic injury by the left chest tube. The infant survived due to timely diagnostic and therapeutic intervention. No recurrence of pericardial effusion was seen and follow-up showed ...
Schnitzer P G - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: Studies from other countries have identified fishing as a hazardous industry, but little is known about occupational injury mortality related to fishing in the United States. Alaska was chosen for this study because approximately 45,000 people annually participate in Alaska's fishing industry and fishing is thought to be a ...
Baumgart S - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to far-wavelength infrared radiation (lambda > 2000 nm) may cause corneal opacity, miosis, and delayed cataracts (onset > 30 days). Near-wavelength infrared exposure (lambda < 1000 nm) may focus on the retina, causing burns; however, early eye examinations in neonates nursed under radiant warmers have failed to reveal ...
Carey V - - 1993
This paper reports a retrospective study of deaths due to unintentional injury in children aged between 0 and 14 years of age in New South Wales between 1985 and 1987. The aims were to determine whether the pattern of child injury mortality differed between rural and metropolitan New South Wales ...
Vaughan A G - - 1993
A case is described of self-inflicted oral injury in a 15-month-old infant. The child had a habit of posturing the mandible forwards and biting the gingiva lingual to the mandibular primary incisors with the maxillary incisors, causing marked ulceration. It is suggested that the habit may have been initiated by ...
Samuelsen S O - - 1993
The paper focuses on how mortality due to injuries among Norwegian children has varied over time and throughout the country over the last two decades. The temporal trends are compared to those of the other Nordic countries. Individual data on date of birth and death, county of residence at death, ...
Lifschultz B D - - 1993
Though a rare cause of death, lightning is reported to be responsible for more fatalities each year in this country than any other type of natural disaster. Lightning injuries differ significantly from other high voltage electrical injuries because of the high current flow, but extremely short duration, of the lightning ...
Lau I V - - 1993
Loadings induced by deploying currently representative air bags were studied with driver surrogates (anesthetized swine) leaning against the system during inflation. Torso injury mechanisms were studied in a physiologic model, supported against a static steering wheel-mounted air bag system. Severe and extensive chest and abdominal injuries to the swine were ...
Sidhu D S - - 1993
To assess the mortality incidence among trauma victims a one year prospective study was conducted on all patients admitted with physical trauma. The causes of death amongst trauma victims comprised road traffic accident (44.71%), thermal injuries (19.71%), domestic causes (11.54%), agriculture related injury and criminal violence (9.61% each), fall of ...
Wilson A L - - 1993
This annual report on South Dakota's children shows that the state's birth rate in 1991 has again dropped and is below the national rate. In recent years there has been progress noted in the utilization of first trimester prenatal care and the state's infant mortality rate is comparable to that ...
Hokken W - - 1993
Tetraplegic arms of patients with spinal cord injury at C5 or C6 level are often held in a flexed supinated position. In supination the function of the hand is limited. This report presents a newly developed orthosis giving active pronation of the forearm for a C6 complete tetraplegic. The orthosis ...
Howard M A - - 1993
The widely accepted theories concerning the pathophysiology of infant subdural haematoma (SDH) were formulated in the pre-computed tomographic (CT) scan era. Violent shaking is considered to be a crucial cause of SDH in non-accidentally injured infants. This theory has been re-examined in a clinical and CT scan review, and our ...
Morrison J C - - 1992
Dystocia of the shoulder is an unpredictable obstetric emergency that may result in injury to the mother or fetus. In an effort to reduce such risks, attempts have been made to identify patients having a fetus who may subsequently develop shoulder dystocia. The literature, however, clearly reflects that even the ...
Ros S P - - 1992
Head injuries constitute a common problem in the pediatric population. Recent studies indicate that infants are at increased risk for skull fractures following head trauma. The purpose of our study is to examine the utility of skull radiographs in asymptomatic infants presenting after a minor head injury. We retrospectively reviewed ...
Brereton S - - 1992
AIMS: Upholstered furniture is considered by governments in the United Kingdom, United States of America, Canada and New Zealand to be a potentially hazardous product. Use of polyurethane foam in upholstered furniture in the United Kingdom was banned in 1989 so as to reduce the risk of injuries and deaths ...
Gould S J - - 1992
In neonates, acquired subglottic stenosis is the most serious long-term complication of endotracheal intubation and is due primarily to posttraumatic fibrosis of the infant larynx. We have examined 78 larynges, 75 of which were intubated, from infants ranging in gestation from 22 to 40 weeks, and who survived from a ...
McConnell T S - - 1992
Powerline contact by hot-air balloons is one of the most frequent concurrences in balloon accidents resulting in injury or death. Injuries and deaths are usually a result of blunt trauma from falls. In this report, we describe the aircraft, the circumstances of the accidents and the autopsy data in two ...
Corey T S - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: The number and causes of unintentional infant deaths were determined to identify common, preventable infant deaths. DESIGN: Retrospective autopsy review. SUBJECTS: Infants aged 1 day to 1 year undergoing complete autopsies. SETTING: Autopsies performed by the Louisville Office of the Kentucky Medical Examiner's Program from 1979 through 1989. METHOD: ...
Allan W C - - 1992
Acute cerebrovascular injury in term and preterm infants is a cause of significant morbidity. Treatment efforts in the past have focused on attempts to prevent such injury by interceding during labor in term infants and improving neonatal care in preterm infants. Epidemiologic studies suggest that these strategies have had little ...
Ruffin M T MT - - 1992
BACKGROUND: Injuries are the number one cause of morbidity and mortality among children age 14 and younger in the United States, and motor vehicle crashes account for most of these injuries. Although child restraint devices (CRDs) have been shown to protect children involved in motor vehicle crashes, only minimal decreases ...
Saltzman L E - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To compare the risk of death and the risk of nonfatal injury during firearm-associated family and intimate assaults (FIAs) with the risks during non-firearm-associated FIAs. DESIGN: Records review of police incident reports of FIAs that occurred in 1984. Victim outcomes (death, nonfatal injury, no injury) and weapon involvement were ...
- - 1992
In the United States, injuries are the leading cause of death and disability among children aged 1-4 years and the sixth leading cause of death and disability among infants aged less than 1 year. Small children and infants can be injured when left unattended, even in environments that appear safe. ...
Sosin D M - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To rebut criticism of a previous study of motorcycle helmet-use laws through reanalysis with improved measures of exposure, stratification for regional differences in crash risk, and addressing of total motorcycle-related mortality and the grounds for targeting motorcyclists for helmet-use laws. DESIGN: Death certificate-based correlational study of motorcycle-related deaths and ...
Korantzis A - - 1992
The incidence of nasal septum dislocation (NSD) was studied in 447 newborns and was found to be 17%. The aim of this study was to establish its aetiology as well as to find ways of prevention and early diagnosis of this obstetrical injury. The following conclusions were drawn: (a) The ...
Gallaher M M - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To determine the nature of excess injury mortality among Native Americans in New Mexico. DESIGN: Retrospective review of death certificates for deaths from unintentional injuries. SETTING: The state of New Mexico. SUBJECTS: New Mexico residents who died of unintentional injuries between January 1, 1980, and December 31, 1989. MAIN ...
Engel U - - 1992
On May 1, 1977 a new code was introduced into the Danish Road Traffic Act. The result was a change in layout and speed limits in a great number of residential streets; in most cases the streets were transformed into 30 km/h streets and in few cases into 15 km/h ...
Daly K E - - 1992
This is an epidemiological study based on Coroners' records analysing mode of injury and place and cause of death. The aim of the study is to provide data on the incidence and patterns of death from trauma and to assess the need for changes in trauma management. All traumatic deaths ...
Rossitch E E - - 1992
Perinatal spinal cord injury is a relatively uncommon, but a frequently misdiagnosed disorder. Often, the injury is not suspected and an erroneous diagnosis is made. We present five cases of perinatal spinal cord injury. In four, the referring physicians (including pediatric neurologists) misdiagnosed the condition. In view of these diagnostic ...
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