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Results 701 - 750 of 940
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Lerer L B LB Health Technology Research Group, University of Cape - - 1997
To describe accurately the violence and injury mortality in a South African city and demonstrate the utility of secondary data sources to identify injury control priorities. Cross-sectional analysis of medicolegal laboratory (state mortuary), forensic and police data. Metropolitan Cape Town, 1994. Non-natural causes (deaths due to homicide, suicide, accidents and ...
Teng F Y - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To identify variables that increase the chance of neonatal scalp injury during vacuum extraction. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study of 134 vacuum extraction-assisted deliveries at Olive View-UCLA Medical Center in 1995. Data collected included parity, gestational age, duration of first and second stages of labor, indication for ...
Sorenson S B - - 1997
Although homicide is a leading cause of death of infants and toddlers, there is some suspicion that an unknown number of additional deaths are unrecognized homicides. The authors used California mortality data from 1969 to 1991 to examine 12,246 injury deaths that occurred before age 5. Characteristics of the dead ...
Sorenson S B - - 1997
Injury deaths can be grouped into four general categories: accident, homicide, suicide, and undetermined. The present study investigates the use of the "undetermined" category. External cause of death, as well as demographic and other variables, were abstracted from death certificates of the 386,936 Californians who died of an injury between ...
- - 1997
During the 1995-96 winter season (i.e., November 1995 through April 1996), both the Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife (DIFW) and the Maine Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (OCME) detected an increase in deaths associated with snowmobile use in Maine. From the fall of 1991 through the spring ...
Graham E M - - 1997
Brachial plexus injury is assumed to be associated with the traumatic delivery of a macrosomic fetus in the vast majority of cases. This study was undertaken to examine the relationship of brachial plexus injury to birth weight and trauma at delivery, to compare our incidence to the incidence in other ...
Gofrit O N - - 1997
INTRODUCTION: Mortality in war is traditionally divided into two categories: killed in action and died of wounds. Mortality in civilian trauma is generally divided into three categories: immediate death (50%), early death (30%), and late death (20%). Can we identify a trimodal death distribution among war victims? METHODS: We analyzed ...
Craig S - - 1997
A report is presented of a male infant who was born at 34 weeks' gestation, following rotation and delivery using Kielland's forceps. The initial diagnosis of hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy delayed recognition of an upper cervical spinal and cord injury, which was subsequently confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging. The infant never ...
Andon H B - - 1997
It was found that almost one-half of all Interior Alaska rural fatalities from thirty-six villages are due to unintentional and intentional injury. Drowning, motor vehicle crashes, hypothermia, fire, carbon monoxide poisoning and air transport crashes accounted for over 32% of all deaths; suicide and homicide account for over 15%. Many ...
Zanette G - - 1997
Cervical spine injuries are quite uncommon in children. When occurring, these lesions are of particular concern for the anaesthesiologist. This case refers to an hangman's fracture diagnosed in a four-month-old female infant, which probably occurred at birth. We describe the anaesthetic management adopted in this infant undergoing diagnostic procedures and ...
Claydon S M - - 1996
Prevention of infant deaths from accidental falls from baby equipment requires the maintaining of safety standards and adequate supervision of the infant. Mason in 1989 stated that those under one year old are usually injured because they are left unattended in, for example, bouncing cradles or baby walkers. Severe accidental ...
Bakerink J A - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Hepatic and neurologic injury developed in two infants after ingestion of mint tea. Examination of the mint plants, from which the teas were brewed, indicated that they contained the toxic agent pennyroyal oil. METHODS: Sera from each infant were analyzed for the toxic constituents of pennyroyal oil, including pulegone ...
Papadopoulos I N - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To identify preventable prehospital deaths, caused by trauma. DESIGN: Analysis of 82 trauma victims who were dead on arrival (DOA) into our hospital. SETTING: General Hospital of Piraeus, Greece. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Evaluation of the autopsy findings of 82 DOAs. MEASUREMENTS: Demographic, autopsy, and toxicology data, ICD9 codes, Abbreviated ...
Itakura A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the timing of brain damage involved in the onset of periventricular leukomalacia in the perinatal period we recorded and analyzed neonatal electroencephalograms (EEGs). METHODS: Twenty-four preterm birth infants proved by real time ultrasonic examination or MRI to be suffering from periventricular leukomalacia underwent serial electroencephalography from soon ...
Hevner R F - - 1996
Autopsy examination of an infant with the Pena-Shokeir phenotype revealed bilateral opercular polymicrogyria associated with neuronal loss and ferrugination in the basal ganglia, thalamus, brainstem, and spinal anterior horns. Bilateral opercular polymicrogyria previously has been linked to the developmental form of Foix-Chavany-Marie syndrome, or faciopharyngoglossomasticatory diplegia. In the Pena-Shokeir phenotype, ...
al-Qattan M M - - 1996
It is well known that multiparas who had previously been delivered of newborns with obstetric brachial plexus palsy are at risk of having the same complication in subsequent deliveries. However, none of the studies in the literature have actually attempted to estimate how high is that risk. The aims of ...
Perlow J H - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine the current incidence of clavicular fracture (CF), facial nerve injury (FNI) and brachial plexus injury (BPI) and identify the existence, if any, of associated perinatal factors with each injury. STUDY DESIGN: A case-controlled study design was selected and the study conducted for births between January 1, 1985 ...
Gonen R - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To assess our ability to detect macrosomic fetuses, and to examine the relationship between prenatal diagnosis of macrosomia and the incidence of shoulder dystocia and birth trauma. METHODS: We instituted a protocol for routine detection of macrosomic fetuses, defined as weight estimated to be at least 4500 g. Fetal ...
Siegel C D - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between maternal age and other risk factors and infant injury deaths in the state of Colorado from 1986 to 1992. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort design was used to compare rates of unintentional and intentional infant injury mortality by maternal age group. A case-control design explored ...
Alexander D - - 1996
This paper gives an overview of the global pattern of casualties in earthquakes which occurred during the 30-month period from 1 September 1993 to 29 February 1996. It also describes some of the behavioural and logistical regularities associated with mortality and morbidity in these events. Of 83 earthquakes studied, there ...
Marín-Padilla M - - 1996
To establish developmental correlates among perinatal neocortical damage, its impact on the infant developing brain, and its possible role in the pathogenesis of ensuing neurologic sequelae, the neuropathology of acute, subacute (healing), and chronic (repaired) stages of periventricular and layer I (subpial) hemorrhagic lesions have been studied. Thirty-three cases of ...
Hollands C M - - 1996
Airbag injuries to automobile passengers are increasing in frequency, but the majority of reported injuries have been relatively minor and have occurred in adults. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has identified a potentially lethal injury mechanism that occurs when safety seats are placed rear-facing on the passenger side ...
Wyatt J P - - 1996
Data on all deaths after injuries in Lothian and Borders regions of south-east Scotland were collected prospectively over 2 years. Post-mortems were performed after all deaths and Injury Severity Scores (ISS) calculated. There were 331 deaths at a rate of 20 per 100,000 per year; of those who died 49 ...
Morrison C D - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To identify the source of acquisition of infant walkers and attitudes regarding the continuing use of walkers following an injury to an infant in order to design preventive strategies. DESIGN: Descriptive and retrospective. SETTING: Emergency department of a children's hospital involved in primary, secondary and tertiary care. PATIENTS: All ...
Willis B K - - 1996
This case report describes a 5-year-old child who sustained fatal craniocervical injuries as the result of an inflating automobile air bag. Although air bags have in general been shown to reduce the severity of injury to occupants of vehicles involved in front-end collisions, a growing number of incidents suggests that ...
Rivara F P - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To describe the changes in injury mortality from 1978 to 1991 and determine the number of preventable deaths with currently available intervention strategies. METHODS: Comparison of injury mortality data for children and adolescents 0 to 19 years in 1978 and 1991. Review of the literature to determine the effectiveness ...
Wetli C V - - 1996
An analysis of 45 victims of fatal lighting strike revealed the incident occurred most frequently in the early afternoon during midsummer in a field of one form or another. The scene of death, damage to clothing, and alterations of metallic objects on the victim are described. A terminal cardiac rhythm ...
Schmidt P - - 1996
Twenty five child homicides investigated in the Cologne University Institute of Forensic Medicine from 1985-94 were retrospectively analysed with special reference to the evidential value of the autopsy findings and possible peculiarities related to the infants' physiological condition. About 65% of the victims were boys younger than 3 years. About ...
Stringer M D - - 1996
During the last 4 years, three infants have presented with finger-tip injuries secondary to entrapment in woollen/synthetic mittens. The accident happened at home in one case but the other two occurred in different neonatal units. Spontaneous amputation of the terminal phalanx of the index finger occurred in two patients but ...
Young R J - - 1996
Potassium permanganate (KMnO4), a powerful oxidizing agent, is readily available without prescription. Tissue contact produces coagulation necrosis and the lethal consequences of oral ingestion are well described, with most deaths because of airway oedema and obstruction or circulatory collapse. Whilst systemic toxicity is reported, its mechanism is unclear. We describe ...
McCarthy M - - 1996
We used coroners' records to investigate the fatal accidents of cyclists recorded on death certificates in London during 1985-1992. There were 124 deaths: 68 cyclists were injured in London and 56 injured in the "home counties" around London and died in London hospitals. The cyclists' ages were from 8-88, and ...
Jaffe B - - 1996
Bicycle-related head injuries are an important cause of injury and death among bicycle riders. The use of bicycle helmets could reduce the rate of serious head trauma among bicyclists involved in accidents. A nationwide survey was conducted in Israel to determine the usage of such helmets. This survey preceded a ...
Stubbs A J - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The use of infant pacifiers (dummies) is common in Australasian communities and has been reported to be associated with various injuries, but to date ocular trauma has not been reported. CASE REPORT: A 14-month-old child sustained a penetrating eye injury from the infant pacifier that was in his mouth ...
Writer J V - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine cause-specific mortality rates among US troops stationed in the Persian Gulf region and compare them with those of US troops serving elsewhere during Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. POPULATION: US men and women on active duty from August 1, 1990, through July 31, ...
Suruda A - - 1996
Several mortality studies of the chemical industry have examined fatal injuries, but most of these studies have been of employees of large chemical firms and have not separated work-related from non-work-related injuries. We examined all U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) investigation files in 1984-89 in 47 U.S. states ...
Stout N A - - 1996
Changes in occupational injury mortality rates over the 1980s were examined through analysis of the National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities surveillance system. The US occupational injury mortality rate decreased 37% over the decade, with decreases seen in nearly every demographic and employment sector. Greater declines were among men, Blacks, and younger ...
Gilliland M G - - 1996
One study has questioned the validity of shaking as a mechanism of head injury in children. A prospective, postmortem study investigated 80 deaths from head trauma to identify the roles of shaking and direct impacts. Evidence of shaking was defined as two or more of the following criteria: 1) finger ...
Blakeslee D B - - 1995
Correlation of the vocal fold vibratory pattern with the postoperative surgical wound should demonstrate to the laryngologist the critical depth of injury at which the functional voice would be adversely affected. An animal model was selected to study these changes. Twelve adult miniswine were operated on in this prospective study. ...
Clarke H M - - 1995
The approach of one clinic to the early evaluation of the infant with an obstetrical brachial plexus palsy has been presented. The need for a reproducible and standardized grading system has been identified. The natural history of these lesions will be better understood as further studies elucidate key principles. The ...
Wadford P J - - 1995
This is a case report of an infant with shaken impact syndrome who required general anesthesia for the repair of pyloric stenosis. This infant suffered neurologic impairment from shaking, which was not only the major etiologic factor but the mechanism of injury as well. Shaking an infant can have devastating ...
Steele A G - - 1995
The authors present and discuss the differential diagnosis for a 7-month-old infant who was seen in the ED after having been involved in a motor vehicle accident. The infant was subsequently found to have an odontoid fracture. Strict attention to the mechanism of injury is emphasized for appropriate evaluation of ...
Klatt M L - - 1995
INTRODUCTION: Alaska had the highest occupational fatality rate of any state for the 1980s. The impact of these events is estimated by the index of years of potential life lost before age 65 (YPLL), which was developed to measure the potentially preventable mortality occurring early in life. METHODS: Lost future ...
Yang W - - 1995
Endothelial cells are critical targets in both hypoxia- and reoxygenation-mediated lung injury. Reactive O2 species (ROS) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of hypoxic and reoxygenation lung injury, and xanthine dehydrogenase/oxidase (XDH/XO) is a major generator of the ROS. Porcine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (PAEC) have no detectable XDH/XO. This ...
Chwals W J - - 1995
AIM OF STUDY: Injury severity stratification has important clinical outcome significance and can influence nutritional management. Although surgery alone has been shown not to increase measured energy expenditure (MEE) substantially, large increases in MEE can result from severe underlying acute illness, which frequently necessitates surgery (like sepsis or intense inflammation). ...
Russell G A - - 1995
Allopurinol, an inhibitor of xanthine oxidase (an enzyme capable of generating superoxide radicals following hypoxiaischaemia), was investigated in preterm infants to determine its ability to prevent the complications of neonatal intensive care which may be associated with oxidative injury. Four hundred infants of between 24 and 32 weeks' gestation were ...
Wieseler N A - - 1995
A retrospective study was conducted to determine whether severe self-injurious behavior was associated with shortened lengths of life or greater sensory impairments for Minnesota Regional Treatment Center residents with developmental disabilities. The client records of 209 institutionalized individuals who died between January 1, 1980, and December 31, 1989, were reviewed. ...
Sosin D M - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To report updated national trends in traumatic brain injury deaths from 1979 through 1992. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of Multiple Cause-of-Death Public Use Data Tapes from the National Center for Health Statistics. All deaths associated with traumatic brain injury were identified, the underlying causes of death were categorized, and the ...
Blood C G - - 1995
Daily rates of disease and nonbattle injury (DNBI) incidence were analyzed and compared for four ground operations: Okinawa, Korea, Vietnam, and the Falklands. Average daily DNBI admission rates among operations ranged from 0.99 per 1,000 strength to 4.03 for combat troops. Average daily admission rates for support troops ranged from ...
Grubb B P - - 1995
Recurrent unexpected syncope may have severe consequences and result in serious injury. This is especially the case in the immediate postpartum period when maternal syncope may have a disastrous effect on the infant as well as the mother. We report on 12 women who developed episodic hypotension resulting in syncope ...
Roland E H - - 1995
Perinatal hypoxic-ischemic cerebral injury is a significant cause of neurological morbidity and mortality in childhood. It is often difficult to determine the precise timing of such injury. Data from epidemiological and neuropathological studies have identified several maternal and fetal risk factors that seem to be associated with suspected prenatal brain ...
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