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Results 701 - 750 of 916
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Willis B K - - 1996
This case report describes a 5-year-old child who sustained fatal craniocervical injuries as the result of an inflating automobile air bag. Although air bags have in general been shown to reduce the severity of injury to occupants of vehicles involved in front-end collisions, a growing number of incidents suggests that ...
Rivara F P - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To describe the changes in injury mortality from 1978 to 1991 and determine the number of preventable deaths with currently available intervention strategies. METHODS: Comparison of injury mortality data for children and adolescents 0 to 19 years in 1978 and 1991. Review of the literature to determine the effectiveness ...
Wetli C V - - 1996
An analysis of 45 victims of fatal lighting strike revealed the incident occurred most frequently in the early afternoon during midsummer in a field of one form or another. The scene of death, damage to clothing, and alterations of metallic objects on the victim are described. A terminal cardiac rhythm ...
Schmidt P - - 1996
Twenty five child homicides investigated in the Cologne University Institute of Forensic Medicine from 1985-94 were retrospectively analysed with special reference to the evidential value of the autopsy findings and possible peculiarities related to the infants' physiological condition. About 65% of the victims were boys younger than 3 years. About ...
Stringer M D - - 1996
During the last 4 years, three infants have presented with finger-tip injuries secondary to entrapment in woollen/synthetic mittens. The accident happened at home in one case but the other two occurred in different neonatal units. Spontaneous amputation of the terminal phalanx of the index finger occurred in two patients but ...
Young R J - - 1996
Potassium permanganate (KMnO4), a powerful oxidizing agent, is readily available without prescription. Tissue contact produces coagulation necrosis and the lethal consequences of oral ingestion are well described, with most deaths because of airway oedema and obstruction or circulatory collapse. Whilst systemic toxicity is reported, its mechanism is unclear. We describe ...
McCarthy M - - 1996
We used coroners' records to investigate the fatal accidents of cyclists recorded on death certificates in London during 1985-1992. There were 124 deaths: 68 cyclists were injured in London and 56 injured in the "home counties" around London and died in London hospitals. The cyclists' ages were from 8-88, and ...
Jaffe B - - 1996
Bicycle-related head injuries are an important cause of injury and death among bicycle riders. The use of bicycle helmets could reduce the rate of serious head trauma among bicyclists involved in accidents. A nationwide survey was conducted in Israel to determine the usage of such helmets. This survey preceded a ...
Stubbs A J - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The use of infant pacifiers (dummies) is common in Australasian communities and has been reported to be associated with various injuries, but to date ocular trauma has not been reported. CASE REPORT: A 14-month-old child sustained a penetrating eye injury from the infant pacifier that was in his mouth ...
Writer J V - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine cause-specific mortality rates among US troops stationed in the Persian Gulf region and compare them with those of US troops serving elsewhere during Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. POPULATION: US men and women on active duty from August 1, 1990, through July 31, ...
Suruda A - - 1996
Several mortality studies of the chemical industry have examined fatal injuries, but most of these studies have been of employees of large chemical firms and have not separated work-related from non-work-related injuries. We examined all U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) investigation files in 1984-89 in 47 U.S. states ...
Stout N A - - 1996
Changes in occupational injury mortality rates over the 1980s were examined through analysis of the National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities surveillance system. The US occupational injury mortality rate decreased 37% over the decade, with decreases seen in nearly every demographic and employment sector. Greater declines were among men, Blacks, and younger ...
Gilliland M G - - 1996
One study has questioned the validity of shaking as a mechanism of head injury in children. A prospective, postmortem study investigated 80 deaths from head trauma to identify the roles of shaking and direct impacts. Evidence of shaking was defined as two or more of the following criteria: 1) finger ...
Blakeslee D B - - 1995
Correlation of the vocal fold vibratory pattern with the postoperative surgical wound should demonstrate to the laryngologist the critical depth of injury at which the functional voice would be adversely affected. An animal model was selected to study these changes. Twelve adult miniswine were operated on in this prospective study. ...
Clarke H M - - 1995
The approach of one clinic to the early evaluation of the infant with an obstetrical brachial plexus palsy has been presented. The need for a reproducible and standardized grading system has been identified. The natural history of these lesions will be better understood as further studies elucidate key principles. The ...
Wadford P J - - 1995
This is a case report of an infant with shaken impact syndrome who required general anesthesia for the repair of pyloric stenosis. This infant suffered neurologic impairment from shaking, which was not only the major etiologic factor but the mechanism of injury as well. Shaking an infant can have devastating ...
Steele A G - - 1995
The authors present and discuss the differential diagnosis for a 7-month-old infant who was seen in the ED after having been involved in a motor vehicle accident. The infant was subsequently found to have an odontoid fracture. Strict attention to the mechanism of injury is emphasized for appropriate evaluation of ...
Klatt M L - - 1995
INTRODUCTION: Alaska had the highest occupational fatality rate of any state for the 1980s. The impact of these events is estimated by the index of years of potential life lost before age 65 (YPLL), which was developed to measure the potentially preventable mortality occurring early in life. METHODS: Lost future ...
Yang W - - 1995
Endothelial cells are critical targets in both hypoxia- and reoxygenation-mediated lung injury. Reactive O2 species (ROS) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of hypoxic and reoxygenation lung injury, and xanthine dehydrogenase/oxidase (XDH/XO) is a major generator of the ROS. Porcine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (PAEC) have no detectable XDH/XO. This ...
Chwals W J - - 1995
AIM OF STUDY: Injury severity stratification has important clinical outcome significance and can influence nutritional management. Although surgery alone has been shown not to increase measured energy expenditure (MEE) substantially, large increases in MEE can result from severe underlying acute illness, which frequently necessitates surgery (like sepsis or intense inflammation). ...
Russell G A - - 1995
Allopurinol, an inhibitor of xanthine oxidase (an enzyme capable of generating superoxide radicals following hypoxiaischaemia), was investigated in preterm infants to determine its ability to prevent the complications of neonatal intensive care which may be associated with oxidative injury. Four hundred infants of between 24 and 32 weeks' gestation were ...
Wieseler N A - - 1995
A retrospective study was conducted to determine whether severe self-injurious behavior was associated with shortened lengths of life or greater sensory impairments for Minnesota Regional Treatment Center residents with developmental disabilities. The client records of 209 institutionalized individuals who died between January 1, 1980, and December 31, 1989, were reviewed. ...
Sosin D M - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To report updated national trends in traumatic brain injury deaths from 1979 through 1992. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of Multiple Cause-of-Death Public Use Data Tapes from the National Center for Health Statistics. All deaths associated with traumatic brain injury were identified, the underlying causes of death were categorized, and the ...
Blood C G - - 1995
Daily rates of disease and nonbattle injury (DNBI) incidence were analyzed and compared for four ground operations: Okinawa, Korea, Vietnam, and the Falklands. Average daily DNBI admission rates among operations ranged from 0.99 per 1,000 strength to 4.03 for combat troops. Average daily admission rates for support troops ranged from ...
Grubb B P - - 1995
Recurrent unexpected syncope may have severe consequences and result in serious injury. This is especially the case in the immediate postpartum period when maternal syncope may have a disastrous effect on the infant as well as the mother. We report on 12 women who developed episodic hypotension resulting in syncope ...
Roland E H - - 1995
Perinatal hypoxic-ischemic cerebral injury is a significant cause of neurological morbidity and mortality in childhood. It is often difficult to determine the precise timing of such injury. Data from epidemiological and neuropathological studies have identified several maternal and fetal risk factors that seem to be associated with suspected prenatal brain ...
Chen B - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: In Michigan, drivers in rural motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) are twice as likely to die as nonrural drivers: this could be due to variation in the quality of acute trauma care. This study tests the hypothesis that the preventable death rate (PDR) is higher and that anatomic injury severity ...
McDermott F T - - 1995
After a decade of promotion and education, legislation for mandatory helmet wearing by bicyclists in Victoria was introduced on 1 July 1990. The legislation was a world first. Comparison of 1710 bicyclist casualties wearing and not wearing helmets has demonstrated that wearing helmets certified to the Australian Standard reduces the ...
Gould V E - - 1995
A total of 291 enlarged lymph nodes showing a range of reactive-inflammatory processes, primary and metastatic neoplasms were studied to determine the distribution and immunoprofile of their cytokeratin-positive interstitial reticulum cells (CIRC) in comparison with normal nodes. In 258/291 nodes (89%), CIRC numbers were distinctly increased in the subcapsular, paracortical ...
Thomas N H - - 1995
A 9-week-old infant who sustained a nonaccidental cervical spine fracture with spinal cord injury is reported. Such an injury has not been previously reported in such a young child. The clinical features raised initial difficulties in diagnosis, and management was hampered by the lack of recorded experience of such an ...
Hoeve L J - - 1995
The failure to extubate a preterm infant after prolonged intubation is often caused by laryngotracheal injury. This condition is treated by tracheotomy, anterior cricoid split, or often, by reintubation and subsequent extubation attempts in a later stage. To assess the value of reintubation as treatment of post-intubation injury, we retrospectively ...
Cummings P - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To measure annual rates of infant injury death in Washington State and identify potential risk factors for infant injury death. METHODS: A population-based case-control study using a linked file of birth and death certificates for the years 1981 through 1990. RESULTS: The leading causes of infant injury death, per ...
Mooney J F JF - - 1994
A 2.75-month-old male infant was referred to our institution due to persistent hip subluxation despite 3 weeks of treatment in a Pavlik harness. Harness treatment was continued for 2 more weeks until it was noted that his left upper extremity function, which had been normal previously, had changed. Radiographs showed ...
Wang Y C - - 1994
Two infants, delivered uneventfully, later developed right brachial plexus palsy secondary to pyogenic osteomyelitis and arthritis of the right shoulder joint. Weakness of right arms occurred at the sixth and tenth days of age respectively. Both had right arm tenderness on palpation and passive movement. Roentgenograms of their right shoulder ...
- - 1994
In 1991, deaths from suicide and homicide combined were the third leading cause of years of potential life lost before age 65 (YPLL-65) in the United States. Firearms were used in 60.1% of all suicides, in 67.8% of all homicides, and in less than 2.0% of unintentional injury deaths. Firearm-related ...
Grafe M R - - 1994
Several epidemiological studies have emphasized that prenatal factors are the best predictors for cerebral palsy. Many placental pathologists have anecdotally recognized an association between placental pathology and poor pregnancy outcome, including neurologic injury. This study was undertaken to determine if correlations exist between specific types of placental pathology and prenatal ...
Jaffe M - - 1994
Assumption of the vertical position and independent walking are potentially hazardous motor milestones in the developing infant. It has been presumed that the parachute reactions evolved to protect infants from injury during this developmental stage. To determine the relationship between the appearance of the upper and lower parachute reactions and ...
Chen S H - - 1994
Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in a neonate is an uncommon presentation of hemophilia. Its occurrence is invariably preceded by mild-to-moderate head injury, unlike adult hemophiliacs in whom ICH occurs without prior head injury in half the cases. The bleeding event may follow a minor injury of labor (eg, prolonged second stage ...
Langley R L - - 1994
Injuries from animals are very common, but fortunately deaths are rare. Few studies, however, have evaluated human deaths due to both venomous and nonvenomous animals. Utilizing the Medical Examiner's Data Base, this study examines deaths due to venomous and nonvenomous wild and domestic animals in North Carolina. During 1972-1989, there ...
Muniu E - - 1994
Records from the office of the Registrar of Births and Deaths in Nairobi, Kenya, were studied with the aim of determining the magnitude of fatalities due to injuries sustained in the living environment. This information covered the period between 1986 and 1990. Data were collected over a one month period ...
Chwals W J - - 1994
Over the past 35 years, surgery-associated mortality in the neonate has declined from greater than 60% to less than 10%. This progress is attributable, almost entirely, to a better understanding of the pathophysiologic changes that can occur during the perioperative period. It is increasingly apparent that the acute metabolic response ...
Chiaviello C T - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and significance of walker-related injuries in infants. METHODS: During a 3-year, 8-month period, all infants who were brought to the University of Virginia Pediatric Emergency Department with a walker-related injury were prospectively studied. During the emergency department visit, demographic and epidemiologic information were recorded. The ...
Chwals W J - - 1994
Overfeeding occurs when the administration of calories and/or specific substrate exceeds the requirements to maintain metabolic homeostasis. These requirements are substantially altered during periods of injury-induced acute metabolic stress. Excess nutritional delivery during this period can further increase the metabolic demands of acute injury and place an added burden on ...
Begg D J - - 1994
Relative to car crashes motorcycle crashes have received relatively little attention by the research community. This is the first in a series of three papers describing the epidemiology of motorcycle crashes resulting in death and hospitalisation in New Zealand. This paper describes the methods used for the study, provides an ...
Laurent J P - - 1994
Advances in intraoperative neuroelectrodiagnostic testing and microneurosurgical techniques have made it possible to accurately explore the brachial plexus of neonates. Since 1987, we have followed 250 infants with birth-related brachial plexus injuries, and successful operations have been completed on more than 70 infants. Fifty infants who underwent surgery have been ...
Langley J D - - 1994
This is the second paper in a series of three that describe the epidemiology of motorcycle crashes in New Zealand that result in death and hospitalisation. The first paper presented an overview of all motorcycle crashes. This paper focuses on traffic crashes. The source of the fatality data was national ...
Harris M J - - 1994
This prospective study sought to identify sociodemographic and psychosocial risk factors for unintentional infant injuries that occurred in or around the home. It also examined whether social support modified the relationship between high maternal stress and infant injury. The subjects were 367 mothers who were interviewed six to eight weeks ...
Lifschultz B D - - 1994
Forklift truck accidents are a common cause of occupational injury and death. The authors review deaths resulting from forklift accidents cases in the years 1984-1992 in Cook County, Illinois (which contains the large city of Chicago). The fatal injuries, the characteristics of the victims, and the circumstances of the deaths ...
Hida K - - 1994
The epidemiology of syringomyelia with Chiari type I deformity was investigated with particular reference to perinatal problems. All subjects in our study were born by vaginal delivery and had a high incidence of perinatal accidents (abnormal presentations, birth injuries, and neonatal asphyxia). This study suggests that these may be strong ...
Budenz D L - - 1994
PURPOSE: To ascertain whether the pathology of the eye and optic nerve might be useful in determining the manner of death in infants who died after sustaining apparent nonaccidental intracranial injury. METHODS: Complete autopsies were performed on 13 infants who died of acute intracranial injuries after nonaccidental trauma. The infants ...
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