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Yoshikawa T - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, small high-performance batteries have become very popular. With this increasing miniaturization of batteries, clinicians have noted an increasing frequency rate of esophageal injury due to battery ingestion by infants. The situation is associated with severe injury to the esophagus due to the electrical current produced, particularly ...
Harper M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of homicide and other injuries in maternal deaths in North Carolina over the three-year period from 1992 through 1994. METHODS: Maternal deaths were identified from death certificates that indicated a maternal death and through an enhanced surveillance system that matches death certificates with live-birth and ...
Meddings D R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relative frequency of weapon injuries during conflict and after periods of conflict in the absence of disarmament. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a database of war wounds. SETTING: Region with a protracted conflict between rival combatant groups and a subsequent transition to the uncontested military authority of ...
Viano D - - 1997
This study evaluated the incidence and outcome of serious brain injury from traffic-related causes in 695 patients admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery at Karolinska Hospital during 1981-1992. A total of 37.3% of patients were car occupants, 28.1% pedestrians, 12.9% bicyclists, 12.2% car-bicycle/car-moped and 9.5% motorcycle riders. The dominating injury ...
Farmer C M - - 1997
Fatal crash rates of passenger cars and vans were compared for the last model year before four-wheel antilock brakes were introduced and the first model year for which antilock brakes were standard equipment. Vehicles selected for analysis had no other significant design changes between the model years being compared, and ...
Gherman R B - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Brachial plexus injury may be unrelated to manipulations performed at the time of delivery, occurring in the absence of shoulder dystocia and in the posterior arm of infants with anterior shoulder dystocia. To further support the hypothesis that some of these nerve injuries appear to be of intrauterine origin, ...
Gamba P - - 1997
Aggressive treatment has improved the long-term outcome of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) and low birth weight (LBW) neonates, but it has also increased the risk of iatrogenic lesions. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the incidence of vascular injuries observed in the neonatal intensive care unit of ...
Greenes D S - - 1997
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify the historical factors and physical examination findings typical of infants who have sustained isolated skull fracture (ISF)--in the absence of associated intracranial injury--after head trauma. We also assessed the risk of clinical deterioration (and therefore the need for inpatient observation) in infants with ISF. ...
Ore T - - 1997
A death certificate-based surveillance system was used to identify 2144 work-related motor vehicle fatalities among civilian workers in the United States construction industry over the years 1980-92. Construction workers were twice as likely to be killed by a motor vehicle as the average worker, with an annual crude mortality rate ...
Rivkin M J - - 1997
Hypoxic-ischemic cerebral injury in the full-term infant results in a variety of neurologic manifestations. The pathogenetic events resulting in this central nervous system injury may occur throughout the prenatal period. Several clinical patterns of signs and symptoms of hypoxic-ischemic cerebral injury have been identified in the term infant. Further, characteristic ...
Meislin H - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Unlike previous studies in an urban environment, this study examines traumatic death in a geographically diverse county in the southwestern United States. METHODS: All deaths from blunt and penetrating trauma between November 15, 1991, and November 14, 1993, were included. As many as 150 variables were collected on each ...
Adelinis J D - - 1997
Three functional assessments were conducted with a client with self-injurious behavior (SIB), which indicated that SIB appeared to be sensitive to attention as reinforcement. In addition, levels of SIB were much higher when the client was seated in his wheelchair. An additional analysis was conducted in which client location (in ...
Casey G M - - 1997
1. Although cows greatly outnumber bulls on dairy farms, bulls account for 25% of animal related injuries in a surveillance study of agricultural injury. In addition, bull injuries are more severe. 2. Because of their size and unpredictable behavior, bulls, especially those over 18 months of age, must be handled ...
- - 1997
Physical abuse is the leading cause of serious head injury in infants. While physical abuse has in the past been a diagnosis of exclusion, data regarding the nature and frequency of head trauma consistently support a medical presumption of child abuse when a child younger than one year of age ...
Pratt S G - - 1997
The National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities (NTOF) surveillance system identified machinery-related incidents as the fourth leading cause of traumatic occupational fatalities in the U.S. construction industry between 1980 and 1992, resulting in 1,901 deaths and 2.13 deaths per 100,000 workers. Fatality rates declined 50% over the study period. Workers in three ...
Luby S - - 1997
Road traffic accidents result in substantial injury and death in Karachi. We reviewed the patient logs of the two largest government hospitals in Karachi between December 1993 and February 1994 to identify those persons most likely to be injured in a road traffic accident and to identify the vehicle types ...
Garrow S C - - 1997
Coroner's reports, police records and the state crash database provided information on 65 crash fatalities in the Kimberley region of Western Australia from 1990 to 1994. Passengers travelling in the open load space of utility trucks comprised 18 per cent of fatalities. Open-load-space passenger fatalities were associated with open highway ...
Ecker J L - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between birth weight and brachial plexus injury and estimate the number of cesareans needed to reduce such injuries. METHODS: All 80 neonatal records coded for brachial plexus injury from October 1985 to September 1993 at the Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, were studied ...
Maricq H R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the population based prevalence of Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) in 5 geographic regions: one in South Carolina, USA, and 4 in France; to explore the relationship of RP to the climate; to investigate possible risk factors; and to describe the characteristics of RP+ subjects in the general population. ...
Hiss J - - 1997
Rubber and plastic ammunition was used by the Israeli Defence Forces between the years 1987 and 1993 (Intifada) almost exclusively as a deterrent to aggression by the Palestinian civilian population in the occupied territories of Gaza, Judea and Samaria. While designed to avoid the serious wounds and deaths caused by ...
Personick M - - 1997
Unintentional-injury deaths predominate among the younger ages and consequently rank number one in terms of years of potential life lost before age 65. Motor vehicles are the major way in which unintentional-injury deaths occur each year, and these deaths have been increasing since 1992. Rates rose 4 percent to 16.7 ...
Aagaard H - - 1997
This study was designed to evaluate the injuries in indoor and in beach volleyball, and to compare the injury pattern in the two different types of volleyball. Injuries in 295 volleyball players were recorded during the beach volleyball season 1993 and during the following indoor volleyball season 1993 to 1994. ...
Bassiouny H S - - 1997
NOMI remains a challenging clinical entity that demands a heightened index of suspicion and an aggressive diagnostic and treatment strategy in order to avoid the untoward sequela of short bowel syndrome and to achieve survival. Early arteriographic diagnosis and prompt institution of vasodilator therapy have proven successful in reducing the ...
Bhattacharya B - - 1997
Mercury vapour inhalation is a rare cause of acute toxic injury to the lungs and is often fatal in infants. A 5 month-old girl with mercury vapour poisoning who developed chemical pneumonitis with bilateral pneumothoraces is reported. She was managed successfully in an intensive care unit with respiratory support, without ...
Thein M M - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: To study the impact of infant walker use on motor development and injuries. POPULATION: One hundred and eighty five parents or primary care givers who attended a Singapore government polyclinic from September 1993 to February 1994, with their infants between 7 to 10 months, for a developmental assessment session. ...
Lerer L B LB Health Technology Research Group, University of Cape - - 1997
To describe accurately the violence and injury mortality in a South African city and demonstrate the utility of secondary data sources to identify injury control priorities. Cross-sectional analysis of medicolegal laboratory (state mortuary), forensic and police data. Metropolitan Cape Town, 1994. Non-natural causes (deaths due to homicide, suicide, accidents and ...
Teng F Y - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To identify variables that increase the chance of neonatal scalp injury during vacuum extraction. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study of 134 vacuum extraction-assisted deliveries at Olive View-UCLA Medical Center in 1995. Data collected included parity, gestational age, duration of first and second stages of labor, indication for ...
Sorenson S B - - 1997
Although homicide is a leading cause of death of infants and toddlers, there is some suspicion that an unknown number of additional deaths are unrecognized homicides. The authors used California mortality data from 1969 to 1991 to examine 12,246 injury deaths that occurred before age 5. Characteristics of the dead ...
Sorenson S B - - 1997
Injury deaths can be grouped into four general categories: accident, homicide, suicide, and undetermined. The present study investigates the use of the "undetermined" category. External cause of death, as well as demographic and other variables, were abstracted from death certificates of the 386,936 Californians who died of an injury between ...
- - 1997
During the 1995-96 winter season (i.e., November 1995 through April 1996), both the Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife (DIFW) and the Maine Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (OCME) detected an increase in deaths associated with snowmobile use in Maine. From the fall of 1991 through the spring ...
Graham E M - - 1997
Brachial plexus injury is assumed to be associated with the traumatic delivery of a macrosomic fetus in the vast majority of cases. This study was undertaken to examine the relationship of brachial plexus injury to birth weight and trauma at delivery, to compare our incidence to the incidence in other ...
Gofrit O N - - 1997
INTRODUCTION: Mortality in war is traditionally divided into two categories: killed in action and died of wounds. Mortality in civilian trauma is generally divided into three categories: immediate death (50%), early death (30%), and late death (20%). Can we identify a trimodal death distribution among war victims? METHODS: We analyzed ...
Craig S - - 1997
A report is presented of a male infant who was born at 34 weeks' gestation, following rotation and delivery using Kielland's forceps. The initial diagnosis of hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy delayed recognition of an upper cervical spinal and cord injury, which was subsequently confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging. The infant never ...
Andon H B - - 1997
It was found that almost one-half of all Interior Alaska rural fatalities from thirty-six villages are due to unintentional and intentional injury. Drowning, motor vehicle crashes, hypothermia, fire, carbon monoxide poisoning and air transport crashes accounted for over 32% of all deaths; suicide and homicide account for over 15%. Many ...
Zanette G - - 1997
Cervical spine injuries are quite uncommon in children. When occurring, these lesions are of particular concern for the anaesthesiologist. This case refers to an hangman's fracture diagnosed in a four-month-old female infant, which probably occurred at birth. We describe the anaesthetic management adopted in this infant undergoing diagnostic procedures and ...
Claydon S M - - 1996
Prevention of infant deaths from accidental falls from baby equipment requires the maintaining of safety standards and adequate supervision of the infant. Mason in 1989 stated that those under one year old are usually injured because they are left unattended in, for example, bouncing cradles or baby walkers. Severe accidental ...
Bakerink J A - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Hepatic and neurologic injury developed in two infants after ingestion of mint tea. Examination of the mint plants, from which the teas were brewed, indicated that they contained the toxic agent pennyroyal oil. METHODS: Sera from each infant were analyzed for the toxic constituents of pennyroyal oil, including pulegone ...
Papadopoulos I N - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To identify preventable prehospital deaths, caused by trauma. DESIGN: Analysis of 82 trauma victims who were dead on arrival (DOA) into our hospital. SETTING: General Hospital of Piraeus, Greece. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Evaluation of the autopsy findings of 82 DOAs. MEASUREMENTS: Demographic, autopsy, and toxicology data, ICD9 codes, Abbreviated ...
Itakura A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the timing of brain damage involved in the onset of periventricular leukomalacia in the perinatal period we recorded and analyzed neonatal electroencephalograms (EEGs). METHODS: Twenty-four preterm birth infants proved by real time ultrasonic examination or MRI to be suffering from periventricular leukomalacia underwent serial electroencephalography from soon ...
Hevner R F - - 1996
Autopsy examination of an infant with the Pena-Shokeir phenotype revealed bilateral opercular polymicrogyria associated with neuronal loss and ferrugination in the basal ganglia, thalamus, brainstem, and spinal anterior horns. Bilateral opercular polymicrogyria previously has been linked to the developmental form of Foix-Chavany-Marie syndrome, or faciopharyngoglossomasticatory diplegia. In the Pena-Shokeir phenotype, ...
al-Qattan M M - - 1996
It is well known that multiparas who had previously been delivered of newborns with obstetric brachial plexus palsy are at risk of having the same complication in subsequent deliveries. However, none of the studies in the literature have actually attempted to estimate how high is that risk. The aims of ...
Perlow J H - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine the current incidence of clavicular fracture (CF), facial nerve injury (FNI) and brachial plexus injury (BPI) and identify the existence, if any, of associated perinatal factors with each injury. STUDY DESIGN: A case-controlled study design was selected and the study conducted for births between January 1, 1985 ...
Gonen R - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To assess our ability to detect macrosomic fetuses, and to examine the relationship between prenatal diagnosis of macrosomia and the incidence of shoulder dystocia and birth trauma. METHODS: We instituted a protocol for routine detection of macrosomic fetuses, defined as weight estimated to be at least 4500 g. Fetal ...
Siegel C D - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between maternal age and other risk factors and infant injury deaths in the state of Colorado from 1986 to 1992. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort design was used to compare rates of unintentional and intentional infant injury mortality by maternal age group. A case-control design explored ...
Alexander D - - 1996
This paper gives an overview of the global pattern of casualties in earthquakes which occurred during the 30-month period from 1 September 1993 to 29 February 1996. It also describes some of the behavioural and logistical regularities associated with mortality and morbidity in these events. Of 83 earthquakes studied, there ...
Marín-Padilla M - - 1996
To establish developmental correlates among perinatal neocortical damage, its impact on the infant developing brain, and its possible role in the pathogenesis of ensuing neurologic sequelae, the neuropathology of acute, subacute (healing), and chronic (repaired) stages of periventricular and layer I (subpial) hemorrhagic lesions have been studied. Thirty-three cases of ...
Hollands C M - - 1996
Airbag injuries to automobile passengers are increasing in frequency, but the majority of reported injuries have been relatively minor and have occurred in adults. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has identified a potentially lethal injury mechanism that occurs when safety seats are placed rear-facing on the passenger side ...
Wyatt J P - - 1996
Data on all deaths after injuries in Lothian and Borders regions of south-east Scotland were collected prospectively over 2 years. Post-mortems were performed after all deaths and Injury Severity Scores (ISS) calculated. There were 331 deaths at a rate of 20 per 100,000 per year; of those who died 49 ...
Morrison C D - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To identify the source of acquisition of infant walkers and attitudes regarding the continuing use of walkers following an injury to an infant in order to design preventive strategies. DESIGN: Descriptive and retrospective. SETTING: Emergency department of a children's hospital involved in primary, secondary and tertiary care. PATIENTS: All ...
Willis B K - - 1996
This case report describes a 5-year-old child who sustained fatal craniocervical injuries as the result of an inflating automobile air bag. Although air bags have in general been shown to reduce the severity of injury to occupants of vehicles involved in front-end collisions, a growing number of incidents suggests that ...
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