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Fingerhut L A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: This report investigates international differences in injury mortality rates among 11 of the countries participating in the International Collaborative Effort on Injury Statistics. METHODS: The cause, intent, and age-specific injury mortality rates are calculated and presented from Australia, Canada, Denmark, England & Wales, France, Israel, New Zealand, The Netherlands, ...
Razzak J A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Road traffic accidents (RTA) are an important yet preventable cause of death and disability in developing countries like Pakistan. Yet accurate epidemiological data on injuries in developing country injuries is often difficult to obtain. We applied the capture-recapture method to estimate the death and injury rates due to RTA ...
Stevenson M R - - 1998
This paper outlines the commonalties and unique differences in injury experience among the indigenous people in the United States and Australia. Injury mortality rates among Indigenous people in the United States and Australia are approximately 2-3 times greater than rates for the non-Indigenous population in each country. Motor vehicle-related injuries ...
Beaton R - - 1998
Little is known about the variables that might be associated with posttraumatic stress symptomatology in high-risk occupational groups such as professional firefighters and paramedics. A sample of 173 urban professional firefighter/EMT's and firefighter/paramedics rated and ranked the stressfulness of 33 actual and/or potential duty-related incident stressors. They also reported whether ...
Baiden-Amissah K - - 1998
Perinatal hypoxic ischaemic brain injury (HII) is a major cause of neonatal mortality and long-term neurological morbidity. An understanding of the molecular events which follow HII may lead to novel treatments to improve the final outcome for affected infants. The beta-amyloid precursor protein (beta-APP) is a widely expressed transmembrane protein ...
Graham B - - 1998
The functional outcomes of amputated arms that were either replanted or had a prosthesis were compared. In addition, factors that influenced the functional outcome of replants were evaluated. The Carroll test was used to evaluate functional capacity of 22 successful upper extremity replantations at or proximal to the wrist as ...
Cooper J T - - 1998
Airbag injuries have resulted in the deaths of several infants and small children, and such deaths are generally associated with rearward-facing infant seats or unrestrained children in front passenger seats of cars equipped with airbags. An airbag can also cause death in a small child wearing a shoulder/lap belt, however, ...
Hamed M M - - 1998
This paper presents a study of mini-bus traffic accidents aimed at gaining insight into the factors affecting accident occurrence and severity. Understanding these factors can help to bring forth realistic strategies to improve the safety of these buses. Two disaggregate models related to the time until accident occurrence and the ...
du Plessis A J - - 1998
Advances in neonatal critical care have reduced the incidence of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in the newborn. Paradoxically, however, the prevalence of the complications of IVH including posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHHC) has increased. By virtue of its association with long-term neurodevelopmental disability, posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus is an ominous diagnosis in the premature infant. ...
Dias M S - - 1998
Certain CT and/or MRI abnormalities have been used medicolegally to time intracranial injuries from the infant shaken impact syndrome (ISIS). For example, parenchymal hypodensities on CT scans are said to arise only after 6-48 h have elapsed postinjury, and the presence of chronic or mixed subdural hematomas suggests injury that ...
Teichman J M - - 1998
A 42-year-old man with T-4 ASIA B thoracic paraplegia presented with chronic constipation, fecal incontinence, and bowel-related autonomic dysreflexia (AD) refractory to conservative bowel program. His usual toileting time lasted one to five hours. Antegrade continence enemas (ACE) were performed. The ACE technique, which requires creating a continent catheterizable appendicocecostomy, ...
Sadleir L G - - 1998
Acquired brachial-plexus neuropathy outside the immediate neonatal period is uncommon. Pseudopalsy of a limb, associated with osteomyelitis, is well recognized. Acquired brachial-plexus neuropathy as the initial presentation of osteomyelitis of the humerus in the neonatal period is described. Three infants presented at 3, 15, and 21 days respectively, with acute ...
Lu T H - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To describe trends in injury mortality among adolescents in Taiwan for prioritising preventive interventions. METHODS: Adolescent injury mortality data for Taiwan were derived from official publications of vital statistics from 1965 to 1994 to determine trends by sex and cause of death. Simple linear regression was used to test ...
Pinto-Martin J A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the relation of short interpregnancy interval and cerebral palsy (CP) in a low birth weight population in whom neonatal brain injury was systematically ascertained in the newborn period. STUDY DESIGN: We used data from a prospective cohort study of 1105 infants ...
Johnson G M - - 1998
STUDY DESIGN: Repeated measurements were made of surface postural angles registering the relative positions of the head and neck in photographs and of angles of the upper cervical vertebrae recorded in lateral cephalometric radiographs in the same subjects. For all registrations, subjects assumed the natural head rest position. OBJECTIVES: To ...
Phelan J P - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether neonatal lymphocyte or nucleated red blood cell (RBC) counts can be used to date fetal neurologic injury. METHODS: Singleton, term infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, permanent neurologic impairment, and sufficient laboratory data were divided into two groups: infants with preadmission injury, manifested by a nonreactive fetal heart ...
- - 1998
Nutrition for Healthy Term Infants is the new national statement on nutrition for infants from birth to 24 months, developed collaboratively by the Canadian Paediatric Society, Dietitians of Canada and Health Canada.The document summarizes the existing scientific literature on infant nutrition and presents principles and recommendations to help health care ...
Phelan J P - - 1998
Current understanding of the physiologic mechanisms of intrapartum fetal asphyxial brain injury has suggested a strong association with multiorgan system injury. Thus the purpose here is to describe 14 cases of severe fetal brain injury with absent multiorgan system dysfunction (MSD). The study population was drawn from a national registry ...
Blickstein I - - 1998
A cohort of 236 vaginally delivered neonates weighing > or = 4,200 g was evaluated. Shoulder dystocia was encountered in 27 deliveries (11.4%) and brachial plexus injury was diagnosed in 3 infants (1.3%). The 'traditional' antepartum risk factors could not be associated with shoulder dystocia. In this cohort, primiparity was ...
Landen M G - - 1997
CONTEXT: Injury is a major public health problem in Alaska, and alcohol consumption and injury death are associated. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between injury death, particularly alcohol-related injury death, and alcohol availability in remote Alaska. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Survey using death certificate data and medical examiner records to ...
Yoshikawa T - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, small high-performance batteries have become very popular. With this increasing miniaturization of batteries, clinicians have noted an increasing frequency rate of esophageal injury due to battery ingestion by infants. The situation is associated with severe injury to the esophagus due to the electrical current produced, particularly ...
Harper M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of homicide and other injuries in maternal deaths in North Carolina over the three-year period from 1992 through 1994. METHODS: Maternal deaths were identified from death certificates that indicated a maternal death and through an enhanced surveillance system that matches death certificates with live-birth and ...
Meddings D R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relative frequency of weapon injuries during conflict and after periods of conflict in the absence of disarmament. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a database of war wounds. SETTING: Region with a protracted conflict between rival combatant groups and a subsequent transition to the uncontested military authority of ...
Viano D - - 1997
This study evaluated the incidence and outcome of serious brain injury from traffic-related causes in 695 patients admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery at Karolinska Hospital during 1981-1992. A total of 37.3% of patients were car occupants, 28.1% pedestrians, 12.9% bicyclists, 12.2% car-bicycle/car-moped and 9.5% motorcycle riders. The dominating injury ...
Farmer C M - - 1997
Fatal crash rates of passenger cars and vans were compared for the last model year before four-wheel antilock brakes were introduced and the first model year for which antilock brakes were standard equipment. Vehicles selected for analysis had no other significant design changes between the model years being compared, and ...
Gherman R B - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Brachial plexus injury may be unrelated to manipulations performed at the time of delivery, occurring in the absence of shoulder dystocia and in the posterior arm of infants with anterior shoulder dystocia. To further support the hypothesis that some of these nerve injuries appear to be of intrauterine origin, ...
Gamba P - - 1997
Aggressive treatment has improved the long-term outcome of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) and low birth weight (LBW) neonates, but it has also increased the risk of iatrogenic lesions. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the incidence of vascular injuries observed in the neonatal intensive care unit of ...
Greenes D S - - 1997
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify the historical factors and physical examination findings typical of infants who have sustained isolated skull fracture (ISF)--in the absence of associated intracranial injury--after head trauma. We also assessed the risk of clinical deterioration (and therefore the need for inpatient observation) in infants with ISF. ...
Ore T - - 1997
A death certificate-based surveillance system was used to identify 2144 work-related motor vehicle fatalities among civilian workers in the United States construction industry over the years 1980-92. Construction workers were twice as likely to be killed by a motor vehicle as the average worker, with an annual crude mortality rate ...
Rivkin M J - - 1997
Hypoxic-ischemic cerebral injury in the full-term infant results in a variety of neurologic manifestations. The pathogenetic events resulting in this central nervous system injury may occur throughout the prenatal period. Several clinical patterns of signs and symptoms of hypoxic-ischemic cerebral injury have been identified in the term infant. Further, characteristic ...
Meislin H - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Unlike previous studies in an urban environment, this study examines traumatic death in a geographically diverse county in the southwestern United States. METHODS: All deaths from blunt and penetrating trauma between November 15, 1991, and November 14, 1993, were included. As many as 150 variables were collected on each ...
Adelinis J D - - 1997
Three functional assessments were conducted with a client with self-injurious behavior (SIB), which indicated that SIB appeared to be sensitive to attention as reinforcement. In addition, levels of SIB were much higher when the client was seated in his wheelchair. An additional analysis was conducted in which client location (in ...
Casey G M - - 1997
1. Although cows greatly outnumber bulls on dairy farms, bulls account for 25% of animal related injuries in a surveillance study of agricultural injury. In addition, bull injuries are more severe. 2. Because of their size and unpredictable behavior, bulls, especially those over 18 months of age, must be handled ...
- - 1997
Physical abuse is the leading cause of serious head injury in infants. While physical abuse has in the past been a diagnosis of exclusion, data regarding the nature and frequency of head trauma consistently support a medical presumption of child abuse when a child younger than one year of age ...
Pratt S G - - 1997
The National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities (NTOF) surveillance system identified machinery-related incidents as the fourth leading cause of traumatic occupational fatalities in the U.S. construction industry between 1980 and 1992, resulting in 1,901 deaths and 2.13 deaths per 100,000 workers. Fatality rates declined 50% over the study period. Workers in three ...
Luby S - - 1997
Road traffic accidents result in substantial injury and death in Karachi. We reviewed the patient logs of the two largest government hospitals in Karachi between December 1993 and February 1994 to identify those persons most likely to be injured in a road traffic accident and to identify the vehicle types ...
Garrow S C - - 1997
Coroner's reports, police records and the state crash database provided information on 65 crash fatalities in the Kimberley region of Western Australia from 1990 to 1994. Passengers travelling in the open load space of utility trucks comprised 18 per cent of fatalities. Open-load-space passenger fatalities were associated with open highway ...
Ecker J L - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between birth weight and brachial plexus injury and estimate the number of cesareans needed to reduce such injuries. METHODS: All 80 neonatal records coded for brachial plexus injury from October 1985 to September 1993 at the Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, were studied ...
Maricq H R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the population based prevalence of Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) in 5 geographic regions: one in South Carolina, USA, and 4 in France; to explore the relationship of RP to the climate; to investigate possible risk factors; and to describe the characteristics of RP+ subjects in the general population. ...
Hiss J - - 1997
Rubber and plastic ammunition was used by the Israeli Defence Forces between the years 1987 and 1993 (Intifada) almost exclusively as a deterrent to aggression by the Palestinian civilian population in the occupied territories of Gaza, Judea and Samaria. While designed to avoid the serious wounds and deaths caused by ...
Personick M - - 1997
Unintentional-injury deaths predominate among the younger ages and consequently rank number one in terms of years of potential life lost before age 65. Motor vehicles are the major way in which unintentional-injury deaths occur each year, and these deaths have been increasing since 1992. Rates rose 4 percent to 16.7 ...
Aagaard H - - 1997
This study was designed to evaluate the injuries in indoor and in beach volleyball, and to compare the injury pattern in the two different types of volleyball. Injuries in 295 volleyball players were recorded during the beach volleyball season 1993 and during the following indoor volleyball season 1993 to 1994. ...
Bassiouny H S - - 1997
NOMI remains a challenging clinical entity that demands a heightened index of suspicion and an aggressive diagnostic and treatment strategy in order to avoid the untoward sequela of short bowel syndrome and to achieve survival. Early arteriographic diagnosis and prompt institution of vasodilator therapy have proven successful in reducing the ...
Bhattacharya B - - 1997
Mercury vapour inhalation is a rare cause of acute toxic injury to the lungs and is often fatal in infants. A 5 month-old girl with mercury vapour poisoning who developed chemical pneumonitis with bilateral pneumothoraces is reported. She was managed successfully in an intensive care unit with respiratory support, without ...
Thein M M - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: To study the impact of infant walker use on motor development and injuries. POPULATION: One hundred and eighty five parents or primary care givers who attended a Singapore government polyclinic from September 1993 to February 1994, with their infants between 7 to 10 months, for a developmental assessment session. ...
Lerer L B LB Health Technology Research Group, University of Cape - - 1997
To describe accurately the violence and injury mortality in a South African city and demonstrate the utility of secondary data sources to identify injury control priorities. Cross-sectional analysis of medicolegal laboratory (state mortuary), forensic and police data. Metropolitan Cape Town, 1994. Non-natural causes (deaths due to homicide, suicide, accidents and ...
Teng F Y - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To identify variables that increase the chance of neonatal scalp injury during vacuum extraction. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study of 134 vacuum extraction-assisted deliveries at Olive View-UCLA Medical Center in 1995. Data collected included parity, gestational age, duration of first and second stages of labor, indication for ...
Sorenson S B - - 1997
Although homicide is a leading cause of death of infants and toddlers, there is some suspicion that an unknown number of additional deaths are unrecognized homicides. The authors used California mortality data from 1969 to 1991 to examine 12,246 injury deaths that occurred before age 5. Characteristics of the dead ...
Sorenson S B - - 1997
Injury deaths can be grouped into four general categories: accident, homicide, suicide, and undetermined. The present study investigates the use of the "undetermined" category. External cause of death, as well as demographic and other variables, were abstracted from death certificates of the 386,936 Californians who died of an injury between ...
- - 1997
During the 1995-96 winter season (i.e., November 1995 through April 1996), both the Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife (DIFW) and the Maine Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (OCME) detected an increase in deaths associated with snowmobile use in Maine. From the fall of 1991 through the spring ...
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