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Results 601 - 650 of 915
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Farmer C M - - 1999
Insurance claims were examined for evidence of neck injuries to drivers of passenger cars struck in the rear. Neck injury rates were significantly lower for male drivers, elderly drivers, and drivers in less severe crashes. Even after accounting for differences in driver demographics and crash severity, neck injury rates were ...
Rogers F B - - 1999
HYPOTHESIS: Factors associated with fetal death in injured pregnant patients are related to increasing injury severity and abnormal maternal physiologic profile. DESIGN: A multi-institutional retrospective study of 13 level I and level II trauma centers from 1992 to 1996. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Fetal survival. RESULTS: Of 27,715 female admissions, there ...
Collins J W - - 1999
BACKGROUND: This paper describes deaths of American workers involving forklifts during the 15-year period from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 1994. METHODS: Death certificate data were obtained from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health's (NIOSH's) National Traumatic Occupational Fatality (NTOF) surveillance system. The narrative fields on the ...
Finch C F - - 1999
Cricket is a major international sport, generally played in British Common-wealth nations. Although strictly a non-contact sport, injuries in cricket can result in a number of ways. In high level cricket, overuse injuries are common and related to the physical demands of the sport, particularly in the delivery of the ...
Greenes D S - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: 1) To determine whether clinical signs of brain injury are sensitive indicators of intracranial injury (ICI) in head-injured infants. 2) To determine whether radiographic imaging of otherwise asymptomatic infants with scalp hematoma is a useful means of detecting cases of ICI. 3) To determine whether head-injured infants without signs ...
O'Toole B I - - 1999
The specificity of various wartime stressors for different posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms is inconsistently reported in the literature. Combat, wounding, and peritraumatic dissociation have not been assessed together in their effects on each of the various PTSD symptom clusters. This cohort study of a random sample of male Australian ...
Durrheim D N - - 1999
BACKGROUND: One of South Africa's principal tourist attractions is the opportunity to encounter Africa's large mammals in the wild. Attacks by these mammals can be exceptionally newsworthy with potentially deleterious effects on tourism. Little is known about the risk of injury and death caused by wild mammals to visitors to ...
Peterson T D - - 1999
Motor vehicle travel is the primary means of transportation in the United States, providing freedom in travel and enterprise for many people. Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for the young and contribute to a high degree of morbidity and mortality for all ages. Motor vehicle crashes ...
Morrison A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To examine recent trends in unintentional childhood injury mortality in Europe, and to identify the contribution of specific causes. SETTING: The 15 current member countries of the European Union. METHODS: Analysis of mortality data (1984-93) obtained from the World Health Organisation and national government agencies. RESULTS: Injuries continue to ...
Clark R H - - 1999
With the availability of more sophisticated techniques for evaluating the premature neonate comes a parallel responsibility to carefully asses the process of resuscitation and assisted ventilation. The most fragile patients whom delivery room personnel are called to assist are the very low-birthweight preterm neonates. Their lung volumes are small, their ...
Piazza A J - - 1999
In this article, postasphyxial management of the newborn is reviewed. Emphasis is placed on the multisystem approach to complications that can occur in an infant who has sustained significant hypoxia and ischemia. The frequently involved organs are reviewed individually with respect to specific complications that arise secondarily to the initial ...
Ropac D - - 1999
The total number of Croatian Army soldiers killed in the period from the beginning of July 1991 until the end of March 1992 was 487. The number of severely wounded was 1,160, and 1,141 soldiers were slightly wounded. The ratio of the killed to wounded was 1:5, except in the ...
Wyszynski M E - - 1999
More than 1 million children are severely abused annually. Shaken baby syndrome (SBS), one example of physical abuse, is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in infants. There is a national annual incidence in the United States of 750 to 3,750 cases of SBS. Shaken baby syndrome is defined ...
Kraus F T - - 1999
Thrombi in the fetal circulation of the placenta cause a pattern of clustered fibrotic villi called fetal thrombotic vasculopathy (FTV), which has been associated with serious injuries to neonates, especially brain injuries. Correlation of FTV with visceral thrombi in autopsy specimens might lead to a more accurate estimate of the ...
Kermer P - - 1999
There is growing evidence that caspase inhibition exerts neuroprotective effects in various models of neuronal injury in vivo. However, whether caspase inhibition provides long-term neuroprotection is not known yet. In the present study, we therefore investigated the effects of prolonged caspase inhibition on the survival of adult rat retinal ganglion ...
Wagner C L - - 1999
Perinatal asphyxia remains one of the most devastating neurologic processes. Although the understanding of the pathophysiology after perinatal asphyxia is extensive, there are few therapeutic interventions available to prevent or even mitigate the devastating process that unfolds after injury. The search for a safe and efficacious therapy has prompted scientists ...
Scholer S J - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To identify sociodemographic predictors of infant injury mortality and to compare trends in injury mortality rates for high- and low-risk US infants from 1985 to 1991. DESIGN: Historical cohort. SETTING/STUDY PARTICIPANTS: The National Center for Health Statistics linked US infants (<1 year) born from 1985 to 1991 with death ...
Biagas K - - 1999
Hypoxic-ischemic brain injury occurs frequently in infancy and childhood. Events such as perinatal asphyxia, near drowning, respiratory arrest, and near sudden infant death syndrome cause significant mortality and morbidity. Despite current critical care practices, the outcomes from such injuries may be life-long neurologic deficits. This review discusses findings from laboratory ...
du Plessis A J - - 1999
Advances in infant cardiac surgery have resulted in a dramatic decline in mortality rates; however, neurological morbidity remains an important concern. The effectiveness of a number of interventional strategies to prevent or minimize brain injury during open heart surgery are currently being investigated. This article provides an overview of two ...
Gleckman A M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Accurate identification of diffuse axonal injury is important in the forensic investigation of infants who have died from traumatic brain injury. beta-Amyloid precursor protein (beta-APP) immunohistochemical staining is highly sensitive in identifying diffuse axonal injury. However, the effectiveness of this method in brain-injured infants has not been well established. ...
Hughes C A - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To review the medical records of neonates found to have birth-associated trauma of the head and neck region. To describe the anomalies, physical findings, and possible sequelae of these injuries and to bring attention to the cause of mechanical birth injury as a potential cause of anomalies in the ...
Beni-Adani L - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Epidural hematoma (EDH) in infants may be difficult to diagnose. The mechanism of injury and the clinical presentation are different from those in older children. We characterized the clinical and radiologic parameters of EDH in infants and correlated them with outcome. Because there are no optimal prognostic tools or ...
Hankins G D - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to assess the impact of forceps rotation on maternal and neonatal injury. STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective case-controlled study performed at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston all forceps deliveries with a rotation of >/=90 degrees performed between July 1992 and September 1995 were ...
Morrison W A - - 1999
A macroscopically visible scar was present at birth in three infants with a history of injury during amniocentesis at 16-20 weeks' gestation. In several neonates born between 21 and 31 weeks' gestation, chemical injury to the skin caused by extravasation of calcium gluconate healed by formation of a large scar. ...
Wallace M D - - 1999
We evaluated the effects of restraint on occurrences of self-injurious behavior (SIB) and adaptive responses exhibited by 2 individuals across eight response-effort conditions: baseline (no restraints); restraint sleeves without stays; restraints with 5, 10, 15, 20, or 25 thin metal stays; and restraints with five thick metal stays. From this ...
Soori H - - 1999
Deaths from accidental injury in the rural areas of 13 provinces in the Islamic Republic of Iran from 1993 to 1994 were investigated. The crude mortality rate was 4.33 per 1000 and the number of deaths from unintentional injuries was 5213 (10.7% of all deaths). There were more deaths among ...
Meyers J E - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to determine the usefulness of neuropsychological assessment for predicting driving competency (as opposed to driving skill). Participants were divided into 2 groups, currently driving and not currently driving, based on patient and family member reports of driving ability. In addition, driving participants were only ...
Greenes D S - - 1998
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were as follows: (1) to determine whether clinical symptoms and signs of brain injury are sensitive indicators of intracranial injury (ICI) in infants admitted with head trauma, (2) to describe the clinical characteristics of infants who have ICI in the absence of symptoms ...
Hashimoto T - - 1998
A 26-year-old woman developed marked increases in levels of aminotransferases about 24 hours after ingestion of 70 mL of 50% cresol. Responding to supportive measures, the patient recovered without any significant complications. Cresol and/or its metabolite may have caused transient hepato-cellular injury in this patient. In cresol poisoning, hepato-cellular injury ...
Fingerhut L A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: This report investigates international differences in injury mortality rates among 11 of the countries participating in the International Collaborative Effort on Injury Statistics. METHODS: The cause, intent, and age-specific injury mortality rates are calculated and presented from Australia, Canada, Denmark, England & Wales, France, Israel, New Zealand, The Netherlands, ...
Razzak J A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Road traffic accidents (RTA) are an important yet preventable cause of death and disability in developing countries like Pakistan. Yet accurate epidemiological data on injuries in developing country injuries is often difficult to obtain. We applied the capture-recapture method to estimate the death and injury rates due to RTA ...
Stevenson M R - - 1998
This paper outlines the commonalties and unique differences in injury experience among the indigenous people in the United States and Australia. Injury mortality rates among Indigenous people in the United States and Australia are approximately 2-3 times greater than rates for the non-Indigenous population in each country. Motor vehicle-related injuries ...
Beaton R - - 1998
Little is known about the variables that might be associated with posttraumatic stress symptomatology in high-risk occupational groups such as professional firefighters and paramedics. A sample of 173 urban professional firefighter/EMT's and firefighter/paramedics rated and ranked the stressfulness of 33 actual and/or potential duty-related incident stressors. They also reported whether ...
Baiden-Amissah K - - 1998
Perinatal hypoxic ischaemic brain injury (HII) is a major cause of neonatal mortality and long-term neurological morbidity. An understanding of the molecular events which follow HII may lead to novel treatments to improve the final outcome for affected infants. The beta-amyloid precursor protein (beta-APP) is a widely expressed transmembrane protein ...
Graham B - - 1998
The functional outcomes of amputated arms that were either replanted or had a prosthesis were compared. In addition, factors that influenced the functional outcome of replants were evaluated. The Carroll test was used to evaluate functional capacity of 22 successful upper extremity replantations at or proximal to the wrist as ...
Cooper J T - - 1998
Airbag injuries have resulted in the deaths of several infants and small children, and such deaths are generally associated with rearward-facing infant seats or unrestrained children in front passenger seats of cars equipped with airbags. An airbag can also cause death in a small child wearing a shoulder/lap belt, however, ...
Hamed M M - - 1998
This paper presents a study of mini-bus traffic accidents aimed at gaining insight into the factors affecting accident occurrence and severity. Understanding these factors can help to bring forth realistic strategies to improve the safety of these buses. Two disaggregate models related to the time until accident occurrence and the ...
du Plessis A J - - 1998
Advances in neonatal critical care have reduced the incidence of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in the newborn. Paradoxically, however, the prevalence of the complications of IVH including posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHHC) has increased. By virtue of its association with long-term neurodevelopmental disability, posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus is an ominous diagnosis in the premature infant. ...
Dias M S - - 1998
Certain CT and/or MRI abnormalities have been used medicolegally to time intracranial injuries from the infant shaken impact syndrome (ISIS). For example, parenchymal hypodensities on CT scans are said to arise only after 6-48 h have elapsed postinjury, and the presence of chronic or mixed subdural hematomas suggests injury that ...
Teichman J M - - 1998
A 42-year-old man with T-4 ASIA B thoracic paraplegia presented with chronic constipation, fecal incontinence, and bowel-related autonomic dysreflexia (AD) refractory to conservative bowel program. His usual toileting time lasted one to five hours. Antegrade continence enemas (ACE) were performed. The ACE technique, which requires creating a continent catheterizable appendicocecostomy, ...
Sadleir L G - - 1998
Acquired brachial-plexus neuropathy outside the immediate neonatal period is uncommon. Pseudopalsy of a limb, associated with osteomyelitis, is well recognized. Acquired brachial-plexus neuropathy as the initial presentation of osteomyelitis of the humerus in the neonatal period is described. Three infants presented at 3, 15, and 21 days respectively, with acute ...
Lu T H - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To describe trends in injury mortality among adolescents in Taiwan for prioritising preventive interventions. METHODS: Adolescent injury mortality data for Taiwan were derived from official publications of vital statistics from 1965 to 1994 to determine trends by sex and cause of death. Simple linear regression was used to test ...
Pinto-Martin J A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the relation of short interpregnancy interval and cerebral palsy (CP) in a low birth weight population in whom neonatal brain injury was systematically ascertained in the newborn period. STUDY DESIGN: We used data from a prospective cohort study of 1105 infants ...
Johnson G M - - 1998
STUDY DESIGN: Repeated measurements were made of surface postural angles registering the relative positions of the head and neck in photographs and of angles of the upper cervical vertebrae recorded in lateral cephalometric radiographs in the same subjects. For all registrations, subjects assumed the natural head rest position. OBJECTIVES: To ...
Phelan J P - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether neonatal lymphocyte or nucleated red blood cell (RBC) counts can be used to date fetal neurologic injury. METHODS: Singleton, term infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, permanent neurologic impairment, and sufficient laboratory data were divided into two groups: infants with preadmission injury, manifested by a nonreactive fetal heart ...
- - 1998
Nutrition for Healthy Term Infants is the new national statement on nutrition for infants from birth to 24 months, developed collaboratively by the Canadian Paediatric Society, Dietitians of Canada and Health Canada.The document summarizes the existing scientific literature on infant nutrition and presents principles and recommendations to help health care ...
Phelan J P - - 1998
Current understanding of the physiologic mechanisms of intrapartum fetal asphyxial brain injury has suggested a strong association with multiorgan system injury. Thus the purpose here is to describe 14 cases of severe fetal brain injury with absent multiorgan system dysfunction (MSD). The study population was drawn from a national registry ...
Blickstein I - - 1998
A cohort of 236 vaginally delivered neonates weighing > or = 4,200 g was evaluated. Shoulder dystocia was encountered in 27 deliveries (11.4%) and brachial plexus injury was diagnosed in 3 infants (1.3%). The 'traditional' antepartum risk factors could not be associated with shoulder dystocia. In this cohort, primiparity was ...
Landen M G - - 1997
CONTEXT: Injury is a major public health problem in Alaska, and alcohol consumption and injury death are associated. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between injury death, particularly alcohol-related injury death, and alcohol availability in remote Alaska. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Survey using death certificate data and medical examiner records to ...
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