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Stella J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present paper was to assess the incidence of, and identify factors associated with road crash (RC)-related fatal head injuries in rural and metropolitan Western Australia. METHODS: Examination of demographics, driving behaviour and RC characteristics for RC fatalities involving a head injury (Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) ...
Weiss H B - - 2001
CONTEXT: Maternal and fetal trauma is an important cause of adverse fetal outcomes. However, systematic exclusion from US injury surveillance programs of even the most severe outcome, fetal/neonatal death, has led to a lack of understanding about frequency, causes, and prevention. OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of traumatic fetal deaths ...
Foss R D - - 2001
CONTEXT: Since 1997, 32 states have enacted graduated driver licensing (GDL) systems to reduce crash rates among young novice drivers. OBJECTIVE: To determine the initial effect of the North Carolina GDL system on crashes among 16-year-old drivers. DESIGN, SETTING, AND SUBJECTS: Comparison of population-based North Carolina motor vehicle crash rates ...
Kubota T - - 2001
The aim of this study was to clarify the relation between the date of cyst formation and the timing of injury in preterm infants with periventricular leukomalacia in order to address the issue of whether or not we can determine the timing of injury on the basis of ultrasonographic findings. ...
Brietzke S E - - 2001
Acquired subglottic stenosis in infants is a difficult iatrogenic problem with notable morbidity, primarily caused by prolonged endotracheal intubation. The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is a recently developed, alternative airway device that does not contact the subglottis. To explore the possibility of preventing subglottic stenosis, we compared the endotracheal tube ...
- - 2001
In 1999, an estimated 8800 children younger than 15 months were treated in hospital emergency departments in the United States for injuries associated with infant walkers. Thirty-four infant walker-related deaths were reported from 1973 through 1998. The vast majority of injuries occur from falls down stairs, and head injuries are ...
Pollina J - - 2001
While cranial birth injuries in term infants are well recognized, to date, only small case series have been described. In an attempt to further define the spectrum of cranial birth injuries, we analyzed 41 consecutive cranial birth injuries at our institution over the period 1991-1998. The most common clinical presentations ...
Voitk A - - 2001
Injury at the time of trocar placement with the Hasson approach is rare. The cone of the Hasson cannula is wedged into the skin for an air seal, and, using fascial sutures, fastened under tension to flanges of the cannula. The shorter the fascial securing suture, the greater the tension ...
Chaloner E J - - 2001
Between 1852 and 1857 at the London Hospital, 142 amputations were performed in 136 patients. The most common indication was an injury sustained at work. Overall mortality was 46% and the death rate was especially high for lower-limb amputations. Most deaths were due to postoperative sepsis. Those who received chloroform ...
Weiss H B - - 2001
METHODS: Rates and causes of traumatic injury-related fetal deaths in Pennsylvania were determined from a manual review of all fetal death certificates filed from 1995 to 1997 (7,131 cases). RESULTS: Thirty one traumatic injury cases were identified (6.5/100,000 live births). Most cases (94%) could be identified from the diagnosis code ...
Friedland J F - - 2001
Relationships among mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), posttraumatic stress (PTS), and function were examined in 99 motor vehicle accident (MVA) admissions: 64 in an MTBI group and 35 in a no-MTBI comparison group. Assessments occurred within the first month and at 6 to 9 months. At follow-up, the sample was ...
Girasek D C - - 2001
This report is based upon the results of a national random digit dialed telephone survey in which 943 adults were queried. Subjects reported the proportion of deaths due to motor vehicle crashes, falls, fires/burns, drowning and poisoning that they felt were preventable. On average, respondents believed that 56% of 'fatal ...
Chen L H - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The presence of passengers is associated with fatal motor vehicle crashes of teenage drivers. A restriction against newly licensed teenage drivers carrying passengers has been included in some, but not all, graduated licensing systems. The purpose of this study was to predict the net effects on all types of ...
Jain A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of race and birth weight independent of other sociodemographic factors on injury related infant death using national data. SETTING: Infants born in the United States to mothers who were white (non-Hispanic), African American, Mexican American, and Native American. METHODS: Linked infant birth and death data ...
McPhilips H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine if infants hospitalized for any reason before 90 days of age are at increased risk for future serious injury. SETTING: Washington State. METHODS: A population based retrospective cohort study, using data from Washington State birth and death certificates linked to a statewide hospital discharge database for the ...
Ishihara T - - 2001
A follow-up survey on 2101 inhabitants (1566 men, 535 women), who participated in a 1967 health survey and had resided in their present rural community since birth was conducted to determine the influence of environmental cadmium exposure on the mortality of the general population in the Jinzu River basin. The ...
van der Sluijs J A - - 2001
We performed a prospective study using MRI in 16 consecutive infants with a mean age of 5.2 months (2.7 to 8.7) who had shown inadequate recovery from an obstetric lesion of the brachial plexus in the first three months of life, in order to identify early secondary deformities of the ...
Greenes D S - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To assess for gender differences in rates of unintentional head injury in infants less than 3 months of age, to assess the circumstances of injury in these patients, and to look for gender-related differences in these circumstances. METHODS: Two separate databases were analyzed. 1) The National Pediatric Trauma Registry ...
- - 2001
CDC monitors deaths from occupational injuries through the National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities (NTOF) surveillance system (1,2). This report provides an overview of traumatic occupational deaths among civilian workers from NTOF from 1980 through 1997, the most recent year for which data are available. The data presented in this report indicate ...
Greenes D S - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: 1) To identify clinical features indicating a high risk of skull fracture (SF) and associated intracranial injury (ICI) in asymptomatic head-injured infants. 2) To develop a clinical decision rule to determine which asymptomatic head-injured infants require head imaging. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study of all asymptomatic head-injured ...
Bar J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether known historical risk factors of brachial plexus injury differ between affected neonates and healthy controls. METHODS: The files of all 62 children with Erb's palsy who were diagnosed after birth were reviewed. The control group consisted of 124 randomly selected uninjured infants born within the same ...
Currie A D - - 2001
Non-accidental injury should be suspected and excluded in any infant found to have intracranial and retinal haemorrhage of unknown aetiology. This can be a sensitive issue for both medical staff and parents. We present a case in which the underlying cause of intracranial and retinal haemorrhage was fibromuscular dysplasia. It ...
Poli de Figueiredo L F - - 2001
Road accidents are a major cause of death in Brazil, with rates increasing steadily for years. Our objective here is to report the impact of the new Brazilian Traffic Code, introduced in 1998. Its main new features include a large increase in fines and a rigid penalty scoring system that ...
Hüppi P S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Brain injury in premature infants is characterized predominantly by perinatally acquired lesions in the cerebral white matter (WM). The impact of such injury on the subsequent development of cerebral WM is not clear. This study uses diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to evaluate the effects of cerebral WM ...
Moshiro C - - 2001
This paper describes rates and causes of injury deaths among community members in three districts of the United Republic of Tanzania. A population-based study was carried out in two rural districts and one urban area in Tanzania. Deaths occurring in the study areas were monitored prospectively during a period of ...
Lapidus G - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility of implementing a firearm fatality surveillance system in Hartford County, Connecticut. METHODS: Medical examiner, police, and crime lab data were collected for firearm deaths occurring in Hartford County during 1997. Data included characteristics of victims, suspects, and firearms. We used standard criteria for evaluating an ...
Kanai M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: On the basis of the number of women snowboarders whose vulvar injuries we have recently treated, we believe that the cases of vulvar hematoma and lacerated injuries caused by snowboarding have been increasing. To analyze the causal relation between snowboarding and vulvar injuries, we investigated how women were injured ...
Ishihara H - - 2001
The effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO) in predicting neurological recovery in patients with spinal cord injury was evaluated. HBO has been used to treat spinal cord injury, but HBO does not appear to greatly alter the neurological outcome. This is the first report of the use of HBO as ...
Keough L - - 2001
The developing island-nation of Grenada undertook a major road improvement project between 1995 and 1998. In order to determine the effect of those improvements on crash injury and mortality, we reviewed the number of crash-related injuries and deaths for the years 1994 and 1999. After the road improvements, the proportion ...
Patel H I - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Circumcisions and cesarian sections are common procedures. Although complications to the newborn child fortunately are rare, it is important to emphasize the potential significance of this problem and its frequent iatrogenic etiology. The authors present 7 cases of genitourinary trauma in newborns, including surgical management and follow-up. METHODS: The ...
Foster-Barber A - - 2001
Clinical studies of the preterm neonate and animal models of asphyxial brain injury both support a role for proinflammatory cytokines in central nervous system (CNS) injury. There are fewer studies of perinatal CNS injury in the full-term neonate. We have performed a prospective cohort study of full-term infants with perinatal ...
Toti P - - 2001
Chorioamnionitis (CA) is the leading cause of preterm birth and neonatal complications. Even in the absence of a proven infection, fetuses and neonates present a systemic inflammatory response which can be identified by radiological and morphological examination of the thymus. The frequent occurrence of brain injury in neonates with CA ...
Cox E - - 2001
Falls, poisoning, drowning, and burns comprise the four most common causes of unintentional injury death not related to motor vehicles. We examine mortality trends for these causes of injury in Wisconsin over a 10-year period (1986-1996). While national age-adjusted rates for fall mortality have remained relatively stable, Wisconsin has experienced ...
Conroy C - - 2000
The Haddon matrix is a research tool used by injury epidemiologists. Although this matrix has typically been used only in epidemiologic studies, it may serve as a framework to investigate the circumstances of traumatic deaths. This matrix consists of three rows representing time phases (before the injury incident, during the ...
Weintraub A S - - 2000
This article reviews the most common serious head and neck congenital anomalies and traumatic injuries that present at or around the time of birth from the perspective of neonatal caregivers. The focus is on the steps necessary to manage these infants in the delivery room and during the first days ...
Skellern C Y - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To look for features of non-accidental fractures in infants aged under I year and assess the risk of subsequent morbidity and mortality. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective analysis of 99 children aged under 1 year who presented to the Mater Children's Hospital, Brisbane, between January 1990 and December 1993, and were ...
Zeitz P - - 2000
This analysis describes the frequency and type of injuries among responders to hazardous materials releases. Data were analyzed from states that participated in the Hazardous Substances Emergency Events Surveillance system maintained by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry from 1996 through 1998. A total of 348 responders were ...
Zarzur A P - - 2000
The objective of this study was to determine whether specimens from infants with palatal defects (PDs) with or without craniofacial malformations (CFMs) exhibit aberrant laryngeal histologic findings compared with specimens from normal infants. Ten laryngeal specimens from infants with PDs with or without CFMs were histologically compared with 7 laryngeal ...
Papasian N C - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: There is controversy over whether there exists a predisposition towards bleeding into the subdural space in infants with benign external hydrocephalus (BEH) or other enlargement of the extra-axial space (e.g. subdural hygroma). The presumed etiology implicates shear forces in over-stretching the extra-axial blood vessels. We have created a model ...
Richman M - - 2000
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the methods and accuracy of mortality data collection and summarize the injury mortality rate in one sector of the State of Olancho, Honduras, with the intent to establish a baseline of injury mortality that will identify potential areas of intervention and serve as a ...
- - 2000
Pickup trucks have become increasingly popular in the United States. A recent study found that in crashes involving fatalities, cargo area passengers were 3 times more likely to die than were occupants in the cab. Compared with restrained cab occupants, the risk of death for those in the cargo area ...
Quan L - - 2000
Previously, we examined the expression of C-reactive protein (CRP) in hepatic tissues in fatal injuries (injury deaths) immunohistochemically, and classified the CRP distribution into three patterns: diffuse (D-) pattern, diffuse with strong positivity in the hepatic lobules; periportal (PP-) pattern, characterized by positive cells in the periportal region of some ...
Xia Z L - - 2000
Fatal occupational injuries in a new development region in Shanghai in east China are described. All occupational deaths in the East Pujiang New Area during the period 1991 through 1997 were abstracted from multiple, overlapping source documents. There were 426 deaths and a crude mortality rate of 9.1 per 100,000 ...
Baeesa S S - - 2000
Trauma is the most common cause of death in childhood and non-accidental injury is the leading cause of death in infants between one month and one year of life. This is a newly emerging entity in Saudi Arabia. However, there is little available literature on the extent of child maltreatment ...
Hwang S K - - 2000
An infantile head injury has unique features in that infants are totally helpless and dependent on their parents, and biomechanical characteristics of the skull and brain are very different from those of other age groups. The authors reviewed a total of 16 infant head injury patients under 12 months of ...
Margulies S S - - 2000
The mechanical properties of the adult human skull are well documented, but little information is available for the infant skull. To determine the age-dependent changes in skull properties, we tested human and porcine infant cranial bone in three-point bending. The measurement of elastic modulus in the human and porcine infant ...
Morrison A - - 2000
PURPOSE: To examine the trends in injury mortality among young people aged 15-24 years residing in the 15 current member states of the European Union between 1984 and 1993. METHODS: As part of a European Commission-funded project entitled European Review of Injury Surveillance and Control (EURORISC), mortality data for all ...
Hijar M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Cross-national comparisons of injury mortality can suggest possible causal explanations for injuries across different countries and cultures. This study identifies differences in injury mortality between Los Angeles (LA) County, California and Mexico City DF, Mexico. METHODS: Using LA County and Mexico City death certificate data for 1994 and 1995, ...
Kochanek Patrick M. - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To present a state-of-the-art review of mechanisms of secondary injury in the evolution of damage after severe traumatic brain injury in infants and children. DATA SOURCES: We reviewed 152 peer-reviewed publications, 15 abstracts and proceedings, and other material relevant to the study of biochemical, cellular, and molecular mechanisms of ...
Lipscomb H J - - 2000
Records from the Office of the North Carolina Chief Medical Examiner were used to describe 3955 deaths, both on and off the job, between 1988 and 1994 from external causes of injury (E-codes) among individuals whose usual occupation was in the construction trades. For the calculation of rates, population sizes ...
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