Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 939
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Thompson Kimberly M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to quantify and characterize the role of bath seats in infant mortality from bathtub drowning. METHOD: Risk analysis of bathtub drowning deaths for infants aged 6-10 months was performed using data available from the US Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), birth and mortality ...
Bass N M - - 2003
Cephalometric measurement of the face in terms of aesthetics can be difficult and misleading due to the variability of the intra-cranial reference lines. Extra-cranial references are more accurate, but can be time-consuming to apply. The Aesthetic Horizontal is an intuitive datum line related to the 'photographic position' of the head, ...
Wong Cynthia A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Neurological injury associated with present day labor and delivery is thought to be unusual. The purpose of this study was to estimate the incidence, severity, and duration of postpartum lumbosacral spine and lower extremity nerve injury and identify factors related to nerve injury. METHODS: All women who delivered a ...
Geddes J F - - 2003
A histological review of dura mater taken from a post-mortem series of 50 paediatric cases aged up to 5 months revealed fresh bleeding in the dura in 36/50, the bleeding ranging from small perivascular haemorrhages to extensive haemorrhage which had ruptured onto the surface of the dura. Severe hypoxia had ...
Bohnker Bruce K - - 2003
Disease and nonbattle injury (DNBI) patterns were analyzed for reports from the Commander Fifth Fleet for 2000-2001 covering 217,972 person-weeks. The overall DNBI rate was 4.38 visits per 100 person-weeks with the largest subcategory being "other medical/surgical" conditions (1.36 visits/100 person-weeks and over 30% of the initial patient visits). This ...
Christoffersson Magnus - - 2003
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND: To evaluate risk factors for shoulder dystocia and brachial plexus injury using a case-control study at the departments of obstetrics and gynecology at the four largest hospitals in southern Sweden. All cases of shoulder dystocia between 1987 and 1993 inclusive were identified. For each case, two control ...
Gyekye Seth Ayim - - 2003
PROBLEM: Reports from the accident literature indicate that accident rates tend to vary with type of occupation. The mining industry has been recorded as the most dangerous with a high disabling injury rate. This observation has been attributed to the extremely stressful conditions under which miners work. Besides, the intimidating ...
Allen Bradley S - - 2003
Significant advances have been made in the technical performance of operations for infants and neonates with congenital heart disease. However, postoperative organ dysfunction is a frequent problem, particularly in hypoxic (cyanotic) infants. We review both our experimental and subsequent clinical experience with the injury caused by abrupt reoxygenation of the ...
Inder Terrie E - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Current methods for early identification of cerebral white matter injury in the premature infant at the bedside are inadequate. This study investigated the utility of advanced spectral analysis of the neonatal electroencephalogram (EEG) in the early diagnosis of white matter injury in the premature infant. The critical measurement used, ...
Williams O - - 2003
A 26 week gestation infant had an increasingly elevated right hemidiaphragm following drainage of bilateral pleural effusions and failed extubation on numerous occasions. Electric stimulation of the phrenic nerves revealed absent activity on the right, indicating phrenic nerve injury from chest tube drain insertion. Diaphragmatic plication was performed and the ...
Albright Teresa L - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Firearm injury is the leading cause of injury-related death among youth and second leading cause of injury-related death overall in the United States. Our objective is to determine the impact of brief office counseling by family physicians on patients' firearm storage habits. METHODS: Of the 1,233 patients who completed ...
Sysyn Gregory D - - 2003
This study examined the utility of serum uric acid concentrations in the first day of life to identify infants with severe brain injury (grade III or IV intraventricular hemorrhage and/or periventricular leukomalacia). The serum uric acid concentrations in infants with severe brain injury were compared to those without. Severe brain ...
Turner Matthew S - - 2003
The author autopsied a seven-month-old infant who was shocked repeatedly with a stun gun by his foster mother, in an attempt by the foster mother to get the infant to stop crying. The stun gun injuries were round, well-circumscribed, erythematous macular lesions, which were found in pairs. The lesions were ...
Morrison L - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of infant-furniture-related fatalities and hospitalizations in New Zealand, for children aged 0-4 years. METHODS: Infant-furniture-related deaths and hospitalizations were selected from the New Zealand Health Information Service databases for the 10-year period 1987-1996. Intentional injuries were excluded. RESULTS: Forty-three fatalities were identified. Twenty-two fatalities (51%) ...
Duncan Jhodie R - - 2002
Intrauterine infection has been linked to neurologic injury in preterm infants. However, a reproducible model of white matter injury in the preterm fetus in a long gestation species that can be monitored in utero is currently unavailable. Thus, our objective was to determine the effects of bacterial endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) ...
Miller Steven P - - 2002
PURPOSE: To determine the change over time of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and relative anisotropy of cerebral water in a cohort of premature newborns serially studied near birth and again near term. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Newborns were classified as normal (N = 11), minimal white matter injury (N = ...
Shalak Lina - - 2002
PV-IVH and adjacent white matter injury remains a significant problem in the premature infant. The potential mechanisms contributing to injury are complex and involve factors related to blood flow and its regulation, as well as cellular mediators including cytokines, free radical formation, and excitotoxin release. Although a reduction in the ...
Shankaran Seetha - - 2002
Investigations in animal models of hypoxic-ischemic injury have not translated into clinical trials of success because of the complex pathology of hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in neonates, the difficulty in defining the onset and duration and severity of the injury, the underlying predisposing disorders of the mothers or the infant, the ...
Anderson Steven K - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To report the incidence of ocular and nonocular trauma in patients admitted to the Henry Ford Hospital via the emergency room since 1994 after a motor vehicle crash (MVC) with and without air bag deployment. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. METHODS: The Henry Ford Hospital Trauma Registry database was ...
Donnelly Valerie - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Brachial plexus paralysis is a serious form of neonatal morbidity. We determined its incidence and persistence of disability and evaluated whether its occurrence could be predicted by maternal characteristics or partographic analysis in a large cohort of recent cases. STUDY DESIGN: During the years 1994 through 1998, all infants ...
Desantis Klinich Kathleen - - 2002
A combination of finite element modeling and sled test reconstruction of real-world infant head injury scenarios has been used to investigate infant head impact response and tolerance to skull fracture. Studying the role of cranial sutures on infant skull response was of particular interest. The specific injury scenarios selected for ...
Schiff Melissa A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Few population-based studies have assessed maternal and infant outcomes after nonfatal injuries occurring during pregnancy. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study to assess outcomes of pregnant women hospitalized for injury in Washington State from 1989 to 1997. We used the Injury Severity Score (ISS) to classify 266 nonseverely ...
Scher Mark S - - 2002
A full-term neonate presented with status epilepticus at 12 hours of age after a symptom-free interval following transient asphyxia at birth. Conventional neuroimaging failed to detect structural correlates to support recent injury. However, diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging studies revealed recent ischemic brain injury. Placental examination documented multiple subacute and chronic ...
Powell Elizabeth C - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence, external cause, and types of injuries among infants treated in US emergency departments (EDs) and to compare the external cause of nonfatal to fatal injuries. DESIGN: ED survey from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey for 1992-1999 and ...
Allen Robert H - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate which variables predict neonatal depression in vaginal deliveries that result in permanent brachial plexus injury. STUDY DESIGN: With the use of a data set of litigated vaginal deliveries (n = 103 deliveries) from 1978 through 1999 that resulted in permanent brachial ...
Mayrose James - - 2002
BACKGROUND: This study examines whether mortality is greater in sport utility vehicles (SUVs) or passenger cars when these vehicles collide in a head-on crash. METHODS: This study analyzed the effect of vehicle weight in head-on crashes between passenger cars and SUVs between 1994 and 1999. Variables such as location of ...
- - 2002
After flooding, lightning is the second leading cause of weather-related death in the United States; approximately 300 injuries and 100 deaths are associated annually with lightning strikes in the United States. To characterize lightning-associated injuries and deaths among U.S. Armed Forces personnel, the U.S. Army and CDC analyzed data from ...
McKinstry R C - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To establish the magnitude and time course of the changes in water diffusion coefficient (D(av)) following newborn infant brain injury. METHODS: Ten newborn infants at high risk for perinatal brain injury were recruited from the neonatal intensive care unit. Conventional and diffusion tensor MRI was performed on three occasions ...
Norvell Daniel C - - 2002
The association of helmet use with death in a motorcycle crash can be estimated using matched-pair cohort methods. By estimating effects among naturally matched pairs on the same motorcycle, one can account for potential confounding by motorcycle characteristics, crash characteristics, and other factors that may influence the outcome. The authors ...
Robinson Dale C - - 2002
In order to assess knowledge of correct car seat location in prenatal patients of predominant lower socioeconomic status, an anonymous survey was performed at 2 inner city obstetric clinics. The survey participants (n = 688) were asked to select from among 3 drawings the correct location of a neonatal car ...
Inder Terrie - - 2002
Free radical mediated cellular injury has been hypothesized to play a key role in the pathogenesis of white matter injury in the premature infant, although direct evidence is lacking. Between April 1999 and May 2001, 22 very low birthweight infants, 30 term infants, and 17 adults had samples of cerebrospinal ...
Escoffery Carlos T - - 2002
This study reviewed the trauma-related deaths in a coroner's (medico-legal) autopsy series at the University Hospital of the West Indies and represents only the second such study reported from Jamaica. The autopsy protocols of all coroner's autopsies performed during the 15-year period January 1, 1983 to December 31, 1997 were ...
McGraw Elizabeth P - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether postmortem radiography of neonates, infants, and children provides additional information that is not detected at autopsy in cases of unexpected death. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Inclusion criteria for 106 consecutive postmortem skeletal surveys (1998-2000) were neonates, infants, and children 2 years ...
Gill James R - - 2002
We reviewed the case records of all fatalities due to sharp injuries in New York City in 1999. The epidemiological profile, circumstances, toxicology results, location, and injuries were examined. There were 120 deaths: 101 homicides, 17 suicides, and 2 accidents. The causes of death included: 112 due to stab(s) with ...
Méndez R - - 2002
Perforation of an infant's trachea after orotracheal intubation for general anaesthesia is a rarely described serious complication. This article reports an unusual case of laceration of the trachea in an 8-week-old infant with a history of prolonged neonatal intubation needed to treat hyaline membrane disease. After diagnosis the tracheal injury ...
Reinhartz Olaf - - 2002
Bronchovenous fistula is occasionally encountered after traumatic lung injury or, in neonates, due to ventilation injuries with high ventilatory pressures. We report a case of massive air embolism associated with a bronchopulmonary venous communication in an infant post-repair of truncus arteriosus. Selective ventilation of the opposite lung for 3 days ...
Adams-Chapman Ira - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare cranial ultrasound studies and neurodevelopmental outcome of preterm infants affected by maternal floor infarction (MFI) of the placenta to gestational age-matched controls over an 8-year period from a single institution. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case/control study. RESULTS: Compared to gestational age-matched controls, infants born to mothers with MFI ...
Sandmire Herbert F - - 2002
A better understanding of the forces involved when brachial plexus injury occurs has evolved over the past 10 to 15 years. A particular challenge was that all of the useful information had to be derived indirectly by identifying associations-a challenge that was met by individual researchers who made significant observations ...
Wickham T - - 2002
AIMS: To establish whether the incorrect use of bouncy chairs (BC) and car seats (CS) is a significant cause of injuries in babies. METHODS: Prospective study over a 12 month period. All babies under the age of 1 year, presenting to the department with a head injury were eligible. RESULTS: ...
Stella Julian - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To report the characteristics of head injury related motorcycle crash deaths. METHODS: Motorcycle crash deaths with head injury (Abbreviated Injury Severity score > or = 2) between 1 January 1998 and 31 December 1999 were identified from the Western Australia State Coronial Database. Demographics, incident and death locations, type ...
Overpeck Mary D - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate underascertainment of unexpected infant deaths at the national level as a result of probable classification as attributable to unknown cause. METHODS: Using linked birth and death certificates for all US birth cohorts from 1983-1991 and 1995-1996, we identified 53 470 sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) fatalities, 9071 ...
Back Stephen A - - 2002
In the premature infant, hypoxic-ischemic damage to the cerebral white matter [periventricular leukomalacia (PVL)] is a common and leading cause of brain injury that often results in chronic neurologic disability from cerebral palsy. The cellular basis for the propensity of white matter injury to occur in the developing brain and ...
Sizonenko, Stéphane Vladimir
In newborn infants, birth asphyxia represents the predominant cause of brain injury. These infants will later exhibit neurodevelopmental disabilities or a more major cerebral palsy. Prevention of adverse outcomes requires an understanding of the way in which these deficits develop. Endogenous protective mechanisms arising from the insult have opened new ...
Khattak Asad J - - 2002
Work zones in the United States have approximately 700 traffic-related fatalities, 24,000 injury crashes, and 52,000 non-injury crashes every year. Due to future highway reconstruction needs, work zones are likely to increase in number, duration, and length. This study focuses on analyzing the effect of work zone duration mainly due ...
Christoffersson Magnus - - 2002
The objective of this work was to identify and evaluate risk factors for shoulder dystocia and for brachial plexus injury in a population-based study. In all, 1,397 parturients with shoulder dystocia occurring in Sweden between 1987 and 1996 were identified among 1,076,545 deliveries using information stored in the Medical Birth ...
Foster-Barber Audrey - - 2002
The interrelationship between inflammation and ischemia is complex and poorly understood in the developing nervous system. In the preterm newborn, maternal infection may predispose to white matter injury and may be associated with cytokine elevation. In the term infant, few studies exist linking elevation of cytokines with encephalopathy and poor ...
Cleaveland Sarah - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To make quantitative predictions about the magnitude of underreporting of human rabies deaths in the United Republic of Tanzania. METHODS: Human rabies deaths were estimated by using a series of probability steps to calculate the likelihood of rabies developing after the bite of a suspected rabid dog, incorporating field ...
Ezenwa A O - - 2001
A study of the pattern of occupational injury mortality rates by industry and cause of death was undertaken to indicate the high-risk types of industry and the major causes of death, which could subsequently be used in developing cost-effective strategies for prevention. This is the first such study of accidental ...
Watanabe-Suzuki K - - 2001
We report a rare case of death due to rescue using a power shovel. A 41-year-old female was accidentally buried alive by a landslide of the earth and sand upon working at a construction site. One of her colleagues started to save her using a power shovel. However, she was ...
McArthur D L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess how local television news programs' reporting of injuries and deaths from traumatic causes compares with coroners' records of deaths and the estimated incidence of injuries in the same geographic area during the same time. METHODS: Using epidemiologic methods, we identified the underlying cause of death or injury ...
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