Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 915
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Allen Robert H - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate which variables predict neonatal depression in vaginal deliveries that result in permanent brachial plexus injury. STUDY DESIGN: With the use of a data set of litigated vaginal deliveries (n = 103 deliveries) from 1978 through 1999 that resulted in permanent brachial ...
Mayrose James - - 2002
BACKGROUND: This study examines whether mortality is greater in sport utility vehicles (SUVs) or passenger cars when these vehicles collide in a head-on crash. METHODS: This study analyzed the effect of vehicle weight in head-on crashes between passenger cars and SUVs between 1994 and 1999. Variables such as location of ...
- - 2002
After flooding, lightning is the second leading cause of weather-related death in the United States; approximately 300 injuries and 100 deaths are associated annually with lightning strikes in the United States. To characterize lightning-associated injuries and deaths among U.S. Armed Forces personnel, the U.S. Army and CDC analyzed data from ...
McKinstry R C - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To establish the magnitude and time course of the changes in water diffusion coefficient (D(av)) following newborn infant brain injury. METHODS: Ten newborn infants at high risk for perinatal brain injury were recruited from the neonatal intensive care unit. Conventional and diffusion tensor MRI was performed on three occasions ...
Norvell Daniel C - - 2002
The association of helmet use with death in a motorcycle crash can be estimated using matched-pair cohort methods. By estimating effects among naturally matched pairs on the same motorcycle, one can account for potential confounding by motorcycle characteristics, crash characteristics, and other factors that may influence the outcome. The authors ...
Robinson Dale C - - 2002
In order to assess knowledge of correct car seat location in prenatal patients of predominant lower socioeconomic status, an anonymous survey was performed at 2 inner city obstetric clinics. The survey participants (n = 688) were asked to select from among 3 drawings the correct location of a neonatal car ...
Inder Terrie - - 2002
Free radical mediated cellular injury has been hypothesized to play a key role in the pathogenesis of white matter injury in the premature infant, although direct evidence is lacking. Between April 1999 and May 2001, 22 very low birthweight infants, 30 term infants, and 17 adults had samples of cerebrospinal ...
Escoffery Carlos T - - 2002
This study reviewed the trauma-related deaths in a coroner's (medico-legal) autopsy series at the University Hospital of the West Indies and represents only the second such study reported from Jamaica. The autopsy protocols of all coroner's autopsies performed during the 15-year period January 1, 1983 to December 31, 1997 were ...
McGraw Elizabeth P - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether postmortem radiography of neonates, infants, and children provides additional information that is not detected at autopsy in cases of unexpected death. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Inclusion criteria for 106 consecutive postmortem skeletal surveys (1998-2000) were neonates, infants, and children 2 years ...
Gill James R - - 2002
We reviewed the case records of all fatalities due to sharp injuries in New York City in 1999. The epidemiological profile, circumstances, toxicology results, location, and injuries were examined. There were 120 deaths: 101 homicides, 17 suicides, and 2 accidents. The causes of death included: 112 due to stab(s) with ...
Méndez R - - 2002
Perforation of an infant's trachea after orotracheal intubation for general anaesthesia is a rarely described serious complication. This article reports an unusual case of laceration of the trachea in an 8-week-old infant with a history of prolonged neonatal intubation needed to treat hyaline membrane disease. After diagnosis the tracheal injury ...
Reinhartz Olaf - - 2002
Bronchovenous fistula is occasionally encountered after traumatic lung injury or, in neonates, due to ventilation injuries with high ventilatory pressures. We report a case of massive air embolism associated with a bronchopulmonary venous communication in an infant post-repair of truncus arteriosus. Selective ventilation of the opposite lung for 3 days ...
Adams-Chapman Ira - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare cranial ultrasound studies and neurodevelopmental outcome of preterm infants affected by maternal floor infarction (MFI) of the placenta to gestational age-matched controls over an 8-year period from a single institution. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case/control study. RESULTS: Compared to gestational age-matched controls, infants born to mothers with MFI ...
Sandmire Herbert F - - 2002
A better understanding of the forces involved when brachial plexus injury occurs has evolved over the past 10 to 15 years. A particular challenge was that all of the useful information had to be derived indirectly by identifying associations-a challenge that was met by individual researchers who made significant observations ...
Wickham T - - 2002
AIMS: To establish whether the incorrect use of bouncy chairs (BC) and car seats (CS) is a significant cause of injuries in babies. METHODS: Prospective study over a 12 month period. All babies under the age of 1 year, presenting to the department with a head injury were eligible. RESULTS: ...
Stella Julian - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To report the characteristics of head injury related motorcycle crash deaths. METHODS: Motorcycle crash deaths with head injury (Abbreviated Injury Severity score > or = 2) between 1 January 1998 and 31 December 1999 were identified from the Western Australia State Coronial Database. Demographics, incident and death locations, type ...
Overpeck Mary D - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate underascertainment of unexpected infant deaths at the national level as a result of probable classification as attributable to unknown cause. METHODS: Using linked birth and death certificates for all US birth cohorts from 1983-1991 and 1995-1996, we identified 53 470 sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) fatalities, 9071 ...
Back Stephen A - - 2002
In the premature infant, hypoxic-ischemic damage to the cerebral white matter [periventricular leukomalacia (PVL)] is a common and leading cause of brain injury that often results in chronic neurologic disability from cerebral palsy. The cellular basis for the propensity of white matter injury to occur in the developing brain and ...
Sizonenko, Stéphane Vladimir
In newborn infants, birth asphyxia represents the predominant cause of brain injury. These infants will later exhibit neurodevelopmental disabilities or a more major cerebral palsy. Prevention of adverse outcomes requires an understanding of the way in which these deficits develop. Endogenous protective mechanisms arising from the insult have opened new ...
Khattak Asad J - - 2002
Work zones in the United States have approximately 700 traffic-related fatalities, 24,000 injury crashes, and 52,000 non-injury crashes every year. Due to future highway reconstruction needs, work zones are likely to increase in number, duration, and length. This study focuses on analyzing the effect of work zone duration mainly due ...
Christoffersson Magnus - - 2002
The objective of this work was to identify and evaluate risk factors for shoulder dystocia and for brachial plexus injury in a population-based study. In all, 1,397 parturients with shoulder dystocia occurring in Sweden between 1987 and 1996 were identified among 1,076,545 deliveries using information stored in the Medical Birth ...
Foster-Barber Audrey - - 2002
The interrelationship between inflammation and ischemia is complex and poorly understood in the developing nervous system. In the preterm newborn, maternal infection may predispose to white matter injury and may be associated with cytokine elevation. In the term infant, few studies exist linking elevation of cytokines with encephalopathy and poor ...
Cleaveland Sarah - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To make quantitative predictions about the magnitude of underreporting of human rabies deaths in the United Republic of Tanzania. METHODS: Human rabies deaths were estimated by using a series of probability steps to calculate the likelihood of rabies developing after the bite of a suspected rabid dog, incorporating field ...
Ezenwa A O - - 2001
A study of the pattern of occupational injury mortality rates by industry and cause of death was undertaken to indicate the high-risk types of industry and the major causes of death, which could subsequently be used in developing cost-effective strategies for prevention. This is the first such study of accidental ...
Watanabe-Suzuki K - - 2001
We report a rare case of death due to rescue using a power shovel. A 41-year-old female was accidentally buried alive by a landslide of the earth and sand upon working at a construction site. One of her colleagues started to save her using a power shovel. However, she was ...
Grissom L E - - 2001
BACKGROUND: In the infant, shoulder injury due to birth trauma and infection in joint and bone may be difficult to detect radiographically. Shoulder ultrasound provides a dynamic, noninvasive method of evaluation. OBJECTIVE: To develop a technique to evaluate the infant shoulder and to successfully demonstrate pathology. Materials and METHODS: Using ...
McArthur D L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess how local television news programs' reporting of injuries and deaths from traumatic causes compares with coroners' records of deaths and the estimated incidence of injuries in the same geographic area during the same time. METHODS: Using epidemiologic methods, we identified the underlying cause of death or injury ...
Franklin R C - - 2001
This study aims to examine farm fatalities, between 1989-1992 in Australia, of individuals not working at the time of the incident. Non-work-related farm fatalities in Australia were studied as part of a larger study of all work-related traumatic fatalities from 1989-1992. Information on 214 unintentional non-work-related farm fatalities was obtained ...
van Schoor O - - 2001
Over the past decades motor vehicles became the primary mode of transportation in developing countries. At the same time an improvement in automotive engineering and manufacturing as well as the phenomena of urbanisation have resulted in more vehicles spending more time on the road at higher speeds. Invariably this leads ...
Nast-Kolb D - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Multiple organ failure (OF/MOF) was found to be the major complication after blunt multiple trauma during the last 25 years and was correlated with a high mortality rate. Recently, several publications reported a decreased ARDS-related mortality, but there is little information about mortality rates from posttraumatic MOF. The purpose ...
Stella J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present paper was to assess the incidence of, and identify factors associated with road crash (RC)-related fatal head injuries in rural and metropolitan Western Australia. METHODS: Examination of demographics, driving behaviour and RC characteristics for RC fatalities involving a head injury (Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) ...
Weiss H B - - 2001
CONTEXT: Maternal and fetal trauma is an important cause of adverse fetal outcomes. However, systematic exclusion from US injury surveillance programs of even the most severe outcome, fetal/neonatal death, has led to a lack of understanding about frequency, causes, and prevention. OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of traumatic fetal deaths ...
Foss R D - - 2001
CONTEXT: Since 1997, 32 states have enacted graduated driver licensing (GDL) systems to reduce crash rates among young novice drivers. OBJECTIVE: To determine the initial effect of the North Carolina GDL system on crashes among 16-year-old drivers. DESIGN, SETTING, AND SUBJECTS: Comparison of population-based North Carolina motor vehicle crash rates ...
Kubota T - - 2001
The aim of this study was to clarify the relation between the date of cyst formation and the timing of injury in preterm infants with periventricular leukomalacia in order to address the issue of whether or not we can determine the timing of injury on the basis of ultrasonographic findings. ...
Brietzke S E - - 2001
Acquired subglottic stenosis in infants is a difficult iatrogenic problem with notable morbidity, primarily caused by prolonged endotracheal intubation. The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is a recently developed, alternative airway device that does not contact the subglottis. To explore the possibility of preventing subglottic stenosis, we compared the endotracheal tube ...
- - 2001
In 1999, an estimated 8800 children younger than 15 months were treated in hospital emergency departments in the United States for injuries associated with infant walkers. Thirty-four infant walker-related deaths were reported from 1973 through 1998. The vast majority of injuries occur from falls down stairs, and head injuries are ...
Pollina J - - 2001
While cranial birth injuries in term infants are well recognized, to date, only small case series have been described. In an attempt to further define the spectrum of cranial birth injuries, we analyzed 41 consecutive cranial birth injuries at our institution over the period 1991-1998. The most common clinical presentations ...
Voitk A - - 2001
Injury at the time of trocar placement with the Hasson approach is rare. The cone of the Hasson cannula is wedged into the skin for an air seal, and, using fascial sutures, fastened under tension to flanges of the cannula. The shorter the fascial securing suture, the greater the tension ...
Chaloner E J - - 2001
Between 1852 and 1857 at the London Hospital, 142 amputations were performed in 136 patients. The most common indication was an injury sustained at work. Overall mortality was 46% and the death rate was especially high for lower-limb amputations. Most deaths were due to postoperative sepsis. Those who received chloroform ...
Weiss H B - - 2001
METHODS: Rates and causes of traumatic injury-related fetal deaths in Pennsylvania were determined from a manual review of all fetal death certificates filed from 1995 to 1997 (7,131 cases). RESULTS: Thirty one traumatic injury cases were identified (6.5/100,000 live births). Most cases (94%) could be identified from the diagnosis code ...
Friedland J F - - 2001
Relationships among mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), posttraumatic stress (PTS), and function were examined in 99 motor vehicle accident (MVA) admissions: 64 in an MTBI group and 35 in a no-MTBI comparison group. Assessments occurred within the first month and at 6 to 9 months. At follow-up, the sample was ...
Girasek D C - - 2001
This report is based upon the results of a national random digit dialed telephone survey in which 943 adults were queried. Subjects reported the proportion of deaths due to motor vehicle crashes, falls, fires/burns, drowning and poisoning that they felt were preventable. On average, respondents believed that 56% of 'fatal ...
Chen L H - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The presence of passengers is associated with fatal motor vehicle crashes of teenage drivers. A restriction against newly licensed teenage drivers carrying passengers has been included in some, but not all, graduated licensing systems. The purpose of this study was to predict the net effects on all types of ...
Jain A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of race and birth weight independent of other sociodemographic factors on injury related infant death using national data. SETTING: Infants born in the United States to mothers who were white (non-Hispanic), African American, Mexican American, and Native American. METHODS: Linked infant birth and death data ...
McPhilips H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine if infants hospitalized for any reason before 90 days of age are at increased risk for future serious injury. SETTING: Washington State. METHODS: A population based retrospective cohort study, using data from Washington State birth and death certificates linked to a statewide hospital discharge database for the ...
Ishihara T - - 2001
A follow-up survey on 2101 inhabitants (1566 men, 535 women), who participated in a 1967 health survey and had resided in their present rural community since birth was conducted to determine the influence of environmental cadmium exposure on the mortality of the general population in the Jinzu River basin. The ...
van der Sluijs J A - - 2001
We performed a prospective study using MRI in 16 consecutive infants with a mean age of 5.2 months (2.7 to 8.7) who had shown inadequate recovery from an obstetric lesion of the brachial plexus in the first three months of life, in order to identify early secondary deformities of the ...
Greenes D S - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To assess for gender differences in rates of unintentional head injury in infants less than 3 months of age, to assess the circumstances of injury in these patients, and to look for gender-related differences in these circumstances. METHODS: Two separate databases were analyzed. 1) The National Pediatric Trauma Registry ...
- - 2001
CDC monitors deaths from occupational injuries through the National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities (NTOF) surveillance system (1,2). This report provides an overview of traumatic occupational deaths among civilian workers from NTOF from 1980 through 1997, the most recent year for which data are available. The data presented in this report indicate ...
Greenes D S - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: 1) To identify clinical features indicating a high risk of skull fracture (SF) and associated intracranial injury (ICI) in asymptomatic head-injured infants. 2) To develop a clinical decision rule to determine which asymptomatic head-injured infants require head imaging. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study of all asymptomatic head-injured ...
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