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Results 451 - 500 of 916
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Le Strange Elisabeth - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebellar atrophy may occur as a result of a primary injury, such as infarction or hemorrhage. Impaired growth of a non-injured cerebellum may be seen as a secondary effect related to damage in other remote but connected areas of the brain, or so-called diaschisis. We sought to ...
Hott Jonathan S - - 2004
Cervical spine injuries in the pediatric population typically affect the upper cervical region. The authors present the first reported case of a subaxial C6-7 unilateral locked facet joint in a neurologically intact 10-month-old infant. To date, this patient's nonoperative treatment has been successful. The proposed biomechanical mechanism of this injury ...
Wall H - - 2004
1. This study included two designs of furnished cages for 16 hens; H-cages divided into two apartments by a partition with pop holes in the middle of the cage, and fully open O-cages, without a partition. The hypothesis was that in this rather large group of birds the pop hole ...
Martz Erin - - 2004
Because the onset of a spinal cord injury may involve a brush with death and because serious injury and disability can act as a reminder of death, death anxiety was examined as a predictor of posttraumatic stress levels among individuals with disabilities. This cross-sectional study used multiple regression and multivariate ...
Kloiber Lydia L - - 2004
After the death of their four-month-old infant, the parents were charged with injury to a child by starvation. The medical examiner documented blunt force trauma and severe malnutrition at autopsy, but the cause of death was undetermined. The legal team hired a neonatal dietitian who was able to determine that ...
Layne Larry A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The surveillance of occupational injury mortality in the United States has evolved over the last century. Currently there are two different data sources used for the study of occupational injury mortality. Each system varies in methodology, leading to different census counts. We provide an overview and analysis of similarities ...
Ballesteros Michael F - - 2004
Pedestrian deaths constitute the second largest category of motor vehicle deaths in the US. The present study examined how pedestrian injury is associated with vehicle type, while controlling for vehicle weight and speed.Police, trauma registry, and autopsy data were linked for injured pedestrians. Logistic regression analyses were performed to control ...
Rice Thomas M - - 2004
PROBLEM: On July 1, 1998, in an effort to ameliorate the problem of high teenage driver crash rates, California implemented a graduated driver licensing system (GDLS). METHOD: Data on injury crashes of 16- and 17-year-old drivers from a pre-GDLS year were compared with data from two post-GDLS years. Per-capita crash ...
Stadlin Alfreda - - 2003
Improvements in both obstetric and paediatric care have been responsible for a continuing reduction in mortality in extremely premature infants. However, higher survival rates have been at the expense of more long-term neurological damage. Various animal models have been developed to study the effect of hypoxic-ischemic insults on the brain. ...
Denton Scott - - 2003
Several controversies exist regarding ultimately lethal head injuries in small children. Death from short falls, timing of head injury, lucid intervals, presence of diffuse axonal injury (DAI), and subdural hematoma (SDH) as marker of DAI are the most recent controversial topics of debate in this evolving field of study. In ...
Greiffenstein M Frank - - 2003
Neuropsychologists rely on demographic variables to form assumptions about premorbid status, and most use years of education as the main variable. School records are a more objective basis for such estimation, particularly in litigated cases. In the present study, final cumulative grade point average (GPA) was regressed on to Halstead-Reitan ...
Helmkamp James C - - 2003
During the 14-year period from 1990-2003, West Virginia experienced 220 deaths related to All Terrain Vehicles (ATVs). Death rates in West Virginia however, were significantly higher than the national rate or those of any of the its five surrounding states. About 25% of the West Virginia deaths occurred in children ...
Kay Andrew D - - 2003
There is evidence that apolipoprotein E (apoE) and amyloid beta-protein (Abeta), which are implicated in the pathology of chronic neurodegenerative disorders, are involved in the response of the brain to acute injury; however, human in vivo evidence is sparse. We conducted a prospective observational study to determine the magnitude and ...
Poggi Sarah H - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare maternal, neonatal, and second stage of labor characteristics in shoulder dystocia deliveries that result in permanent brachial plexus injury with shoulder dystocia deliveries that result in no injury. STUDY DESIGN: Our cases were culled from a database of deliveries that resulted ...
Hnat Michael D - - 2003
A 28-year-old woman admitted to the emergency department with a Glascow Coma Scale score of 4 after a closed head injury resulting from a motor vehicle crash was found to have a positive serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin level of 27 mIU/mL. After stabilization and treatment for her closed head injury, ...
Liggett A - - 2003
The trials over the deaths of Matthew Eappen and Victoria Climbie have highlighted the importance of forensic evidence in cases of suspected child abuse. The debate as to whether bruises, fractures or head injuries have been sustained as a result of previous trauma or non-accidental injury is central to these, ...
Slaughter Bill - - 2003
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among inmates in a county jail population. RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A standardized interview was used to determine prevalence of TBI in 69 randomly selected inmates. To examine cognitive and emotional differences between subjects with ...
Duncan J R - - 2003
Intrauterine infection has been associated with fetal brain injury and preterm birth. We have recently shown that repeated exposure to bacterial endotoxin leads to hypoxia and brain injury in the preterm ovine fetus and we considered it possible that endotoxin could also damage the placenta. Our aim therefore was to ...
Jones Gregory P - - 2003
A premature twin infant presented with clinical signs of shoulder injury shortly after birth. He had been delivered by cesarean section due to malpresentation. Bony abnormality was not initially recognized on plain radiographs, but ultrasound revealed a Salter-Harris II fracture of the proximal humerus. Plain radiographs are limited in the ...
Prange Michael T - - 2003
OBJECT: Rotational loading conditions have been shown to produce subdural hemorrhage and diffuse axonal injury. No experimental data are available with which to compare the rotational response of the head of an infant during accidental and inflicted head injuries. The authors sought to compare rotational deceleration sustained by the head ...
Solagberu B A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: This study was done to highlight the pattern and distribution of trauma deaths in a Nigerian teaching hospital in order to enhance trauma research, improve treatment strategies and prevent trauma deaths. PATIENTS AND METHODS: a prospective data collection was done for 24 months beginning September 1999 detailing the age, ...
Steenland Kyle - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Deaths due to occupational disease and injury place a heavy burden on society in terms of economic costs and human suffering. METHODS: We estimate the annual deaths due to selected diseases for which an occupational association is reasonably well established and quantifiable, by calculation of attributable fractions (AFs), with ...
Tomashek Kay Marie - - 2003
Half of all postneonatal mortality (PNM; deaths among infants aged 28-364 days) in the United States is caused by potentially preventable causes such as sudden infant death syndrome, infections, and injuries. A detailed analysis of PNM attributable to injury has not been conducted and may provide useful data in prioritizing ...
McCann Michael - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Contact with electrical current is the fourth leading cause of deaths of construction workers. This study evaluates electrical deaths and injuries to construction workers. METHODS: Two sources of data were analyzed in detail: (1) 1,019 electrical deaths identified by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries ...
Hamrick Shannon E G - - 2003
Perinatal hypoxia-ischemia is responsible for significant morbidity and mortality in term infants. The developing brain is uniquely vulnerable to hypoxic-ischemic injury, with a complex evolution of injury that affords opportunities for intervention, yet potentially jeopardizes normal maturational processes. Data published over the past year have provided insights into the evolution ...
Kerr George R - - 2003
From studying the deaths of Texas adolescents from injury during 1996 through 1998, we compiled data showing major causes. Injuries accounted for 3760 deaths and 75% of all adolescent deaths. Unintentional injuries (accidents) accounted for 65% of injury deaths and 49% of all deaths. Motor vehicle traffic accidents accounted for ...
Pickett William - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Injuries to infant children are an important health concern, yet there are few population-based analyses from which to develop prevention initiatives. This study describes the external causes, natures, and disposition from an emergency department of infants with injuries for a geographically distinct population in Eastern Ontario. METHODS: Epidemiologic analysis ...
Thompson Kimberly M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to quantify and characterize the role of bath seats in infant mortality from bathtub drowning. METHOD: Risk analysis of bathtub drowning deaths for infants aged 6-10 months was performed using data available from the US Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), birth and mortality ...
Bass N M - - 2003
Cephalometric measurement of the face in terms of aesthetics can be difficult and misleading due to the variability of the intra-cranial reference lines. Extra-cranial references are more accurate, but can be time-consuming to apply. The Aesthetic Horizontal is an intuitive datum line related to the 'photographic position' of the head, ...
Wong Cynthia A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Neurological injury associated with present day labor and delivery is thought to be unusual. The purpose of this study was to estimate the incidence, severity, and duration of postpartum lumbosacral spine and lower extremity nerve injury and identify factors related to nerve injury. METHODS: All women who delivered a ...
Geddes J F - - 2003
A histological review of dura mater taken from a post-mortem series of 50 paediatric cases aged up to 5 months revealed fresh bleeding in the dura in 36/50, the bleeding ranging from small perivascular haemorrhages to extensive haemorrhage which had ruptured onto the surface of the dura. Severe hypoxia had ...
Bohnker Bruce K - - 2003
Disease and nonbattle injury (DNBI) patterns were analyzed for reports from the Commander Fifth Fleet for 2000-2001 covering 217,972 person-weeks. The overall DNBI rate was 4.38 visits per 100 person-weeks with the largest subcategory being "other medical/surgical" conditions (1.36 visits/100 person-weeks and over 30% of the initial patient visits). This ...
Christoffersson Magnus - - 2003
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND: To evaluate risk factors for shoulder dystocia and brachial plexus injury using a case-control study at the departments of obstetrics and gynecology at the four largest hospitals in southern Sweden. All cases of shoulder dystocia between 1987 and 1993 inclusive were identified. For each case, two control ...
Gyekye Seth Ayim - - 2003
PROBLEM: Reports from the accident literature indicate that accident rates tend to vary with type of occupation. The mining industry has been recorded as the most dangerous with a high disabling injury rate. This observation has been attributed to the extremely stressful conditions under which miners work. Besides, the intimidating ...
Allen Bradley S - - 2003
Significant advances have been made in the technical performance of operations for infants and neonates with congenital heart disease. However, postoperative organ dysfunction is a frequent problem, particularly in hypoxic (cyanotic) infants. We review both our experimental and subsequent clinical experience with the injury caused by abrupt reoxygenation of the ...
Inder Terrie E - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Current methods for early identification of cerebral white matter injury in the premature infant at the bedside are inadequate. This study investigated the utility of advanced spectral analysis of the neonatal electroencephalogram (EEG) in the early diagnosis of white matter injury in the premature infant. The critical measurement used, ...
Williams O - - 2003
A 26 week gestation infant had an increasingly elevated right hemidiaphragm following drainage of bilateral pleural effusions and failed extubation on numerous occasions. Electric stimulation of the phrenic nerves revealed absent activity on the right, indicating phrenic nerve injury from chest tube drain insertion. Diaphragmatic plication was performed and the ...
Albright Teresa L - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Firearm injury is the leading cause of injury-related death among youth and second leading cause of injury-related death overall in the United States. Our objective is to determine the impact of brief office counseling by family physicians on patients' firearm storage habits. METHODS: Of the 1,233 patients who completed ...
Sysyn Gregory D - - 2003
This study examined the utility of serum uric acid concentrations in the first day of life to identify infants with severe brain injury (grade III or IV intraventricular hemorrhage and/or periventricular leukomalacia). The serum uric acid concentrations in infants with severe brain injury were compared to those without. Severe brain ...
Turner Matthew S - - 2003
The author autopsied a seven-month-old infant who was shocked repeatedly with a stun gun by his foster mother, in an attempt by the foster mother to get the infant to stop crying. The stun gun injuries were round, well-circumscribed, erythematous macular lesions, which were found in pairs. The lesions were ...
Morrison L - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of infant-furniture-related fatalities and hospitalizations in New Zealand, for children aged 0-4 years. METHODS: Infant-furniture-related deaths and hospitalizations were selected from the New Zealand Health Information Service databases for the 10-year period 1987-1996. Intentional injuries were excluded. RESULTS: Forty-three fatalities were identified. Twenty-two fatalities (51%) ...
Duncan Jhodie R - - 2002
Intrauterine infection has been linked to neurologic injury in preterm infants. However, a reproducible model of white matter injury in the preterm fetus in a long gestation species that can be monitored in utero is currently unavailable. Thus, our objective was to determine the effects of bacterial endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) ...
Miller Steven P - - 2002
PURPOSE: To determine the change over time of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and relative anisotropy of cerebral water in a cohort of premature newborns serially studied near birth and again near term. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Newborns were classified as normal (N = 11), minimal white matter injury (N = ...
Shalak Lina - - 2002
PV-IVH and adjacent white matter injury remains a significant problem in the premature infant. The potential mechanisms contributing to injury are complex and involve factors related to blood flow and its regulation, as well as cellular mediators including cytokines, free radical formation, and excitotoxin release. Although a reduction in the ...
Shankaran Seetha - - 2002
Investigations in animal models of hypoxic-ischemic injury have not translated into clinical trials of success because of the complex pathology of hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in neonates, the difficulty in defining the onset and duration and severity of the injury, the underlying predisposing disorders of the mothers or the infant, the ...
Anderson Steven K - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To report the incidence of ocular and nonocular trauma in patients admitted to the Henry Ford Hospital via the emergency room since 1994 after a motor vehicle crash (MVC) with and without air bag deployment. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. METHODS: The Henry Ford Hospital Trauma Registry database was ...
Donnelly Valerie - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Brachial plexus paralysis is a serious form of neonatal morbidity. We determined its incidence and persistence of disability and evaluated whether its occurrence could be predicted by maternal characteristics or partographic analysis in a large cohort of recent cases. STUDY DESIGN: During the years 1994 through 1998, all infants ...
Desantis Klinich Kathleen - - 2002
A combination of finite element modeling and sled test reconstruction of real-world infant head injury scenarios has been used to investigate infant head impact response and tolerance to skull fracture. Studying the role of cranial sutures on infant skull response was of particular interest. The specific injury scenarios selected for ...
Schiff Melissa A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Few population-based studies have assessed maternal and infant outcomes after nonfatal injuries occurring during pregnancy. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study to assess outcomes of pregnant women hospitalized for injury in Washington State from 1989 to 1997. We used the Injury Severity Score (ISS) to classify 266 nonseverely ...
Scher Mark S - - 2002
A full-term neonate presented with status epilepticus at 12 hours of age after a symptom-free interval following transient asphyxia at birth. Conventional neuroimaging failed to detect structural correlates to support recent injury. However, diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging studies revealed recent ischemic brain injury. Placental examination documented multiple subacute and chronic ...
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