Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1416
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Southern Kevin W - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a recessively inherited condition caused by mutation of the CFTR gene. Newborn infants with CF have raised levels of immuno-reactive trypsinogen (IRT) in their serum. Measurement of IRT in the first week of life has enabled CF to be incorporated into existing newborn screening (NBS) ...
Quaglini Silvana - - 2006
AIMS: A significant number of preventable cardiac deaths in infancy and childhood are due to long QT syndrome (LQTS) and to unrecognized neonatal congenital heart diseases (CHDs). Both carry a serious risk for avoidable mortality and morbidity but effective treatments exist to prevent lethal arrhythmias or to allow early surgical ...
Bhattacharya K - - 2006
The New South Wales state-wide newborn screening programme has offered comprehensive screening for inborn errors of metabolism, including MSUD, using electrospray tandem mass spectrometry since 1998. Over this period, a number of patients with classic MSUD have been identified with subsequent good neurological outcome. We describe two patients with an ...
Huber Lars - - 2006
In the year 2000, resting spores of a previously undescribed plasmodiophorid were found in roots of Vitis spp. This plasmodiophorid was identified as a member of the genus Sorosphaera Schroeter and described as Sorosphaera viticola Kirchmair, Neuhauser, Huber. To attain information on the field distribution of Sorosphaera viticola, a selective ...
Antonelli Patrick J - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Proteases have been shown to play a role in the pathogenesis of otitis media. Inhibition of these proteases can improve treatment outcomes in certain conditions. The goal of this study was to determine if intratympanic administration of a single dose of the protease inhibitor, recombinant alpha 1-antitrypsin (rAAT), can ...
Mutton Patricia E - - 2006
Electrophysiological screening of the hearing of newborn infants has demonstrated that hearing impaired infants can be successfully detected soon after birth.(1) There is much evidence to support the belief that the early fitting of hearing aids when needed (at less than 6 months of age) and guided early language stimulation ...
Small Susan A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Multiple auditory steady-state responses (ASSRs) probably will be incorporated into the diagnostic test battery for estimating hearing thresholds in young infants in the near future. Limiting this, however, is the fact that there are no published bone-conduction ASSR threshold data for infants with normal or impaired hearing. The objective ...
Danhauer Jeffrey L - - 2006
PURPOSE: This is the first of a 2-part series of articles that describe and assess an emerging community-based early hearing detection and intervention program. This study investigated parents' compliance for accessing services for their infants at 5 levels in the process from referrals through subsequent follow-up during a 3-year period. ...
Lieu Judith E C - - 2006
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to examine the rate of diagnostic testing after newborn hearing screening (NHS) referral, evaluate timeliness of follow-up, and evaluate the use of multilevel auditory brainstem response (ABR) in screening of high-risk infants. METHOD: Telephone interviews were conducted with parents of infants who had ...
Leahy T R - - 2006
Recent changes in population movement mean that an increasing number of mothers who deliver in Ireland and their infants are at risk of haemoglobinopathies, in particular sickle cell anaemia. Early detection of sickle cell anaemia improves outcome. For this reason, many hospitals have established antenatal and neonatal screening programmes targeting ...
Karzon Roanne K - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a 2-hr initial audiologic assessment appointment for infants referred from area universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) programs to a clinical audiology department in an urban hospital. METHOD: A prospective auditory brainstem response (ABR)-based protocol, including clicks, frequency-specific tone ...
Zagólski Olaf - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Asphyxia at birth, low birth weight and low birth age constitute risk factors for inner ear damage in the perinatal period. Caloric stimulation is one of the most reliable diagnostic tools for vestibular testing in infants. Recording of vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) evaluates the otolith organ and its pathways. ...
Amodio John - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The arterial vascularity of the hip has been investigated in normal infants using duplex Doppler sonography. This study addressed the differences in hip vascularity in infants with respect to gender and acetabular morphology. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is a relationship between the resistive index of the vessels of ...
Uus Kai - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness in routine practice of the first phase of a national population-based newborn hearing screening and follow-up program that seeks to identify infants with bilateral permanent hearing loss of > or =40-dB hearing loss. METHODS: The study was a part ...
Spahis Joanna K - - 2006
Newborn screening tests are obtained for all live births in the United States in an effort to identify newborns affected with, or at risk for, various genetic and metabolic diseases. This screening began in the early 1960s with an inexpensive screening test for phenylketonuria (PKU), but the introduction of new ...
Koehne Petra S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We present a case of deafness in a preterm infant with several predisposing factors of an acquired hearing impairment that, however, turned out to have a genetic cause. We describe the severe postnatal course and review the relevant literature. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University-based tertiary neonatal intensive care unit. ...
Windmill Sue - - 2006
The Joint Committee on Infant Hearing 2000 position statement includes guidelines for the development of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention programs. These guidelines provide specific recommendations for the audiologic test battery for infants who fail a newborn infant hearing screening. The recommended test battery includes electrophysiologic measures such as the ...
Feuchtbaum Lisa - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: In response to a California legislative mandate, a pilot tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) screening program was undertaken by the Genetic Disease Branch of the California Department of Health Services between January 2002 and June 2003. This article outlines the Genetic Disease Branch approach to implementing the MS/MS pilot program ...
Ghekiere A - - 2007
Embryonic development is a crucial time window within an organism's life history. Relatively few studies have focused on understanding the potential effects of endocrine disruptors on embryogenesis in invertebrates. Mysids (Crustacea: Mysidacea) have been used extensively in regulatory toxicity testing and they are the only invertebrate model currently included in ...
Ross Lainie Friedman - - 2006
In this manuscript, I examine four overlapping policy and ethical issues regarding screening newborns (and infants) for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). First, what are the risks and benefits of expanding newborn screening (NBS) to include DMD? Second, if NBS were to expand to include DMD, should it require informed consent? ...
Iyer R N - - 2006
This report describes cyclosporiasis in a seven month old infant who presented with incessant crying and refusal of feeds. The routine modified ZN stained smears showed the oocysts of Cyclospora when all other tests failed to reveal enteric pathogens. The need for the clinical laboratory to screen faeces samples for ...
Chen Shan-Ming - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to detect biliary atresia (BA) in early infancy to prevent additional liver damage because of the delay of referral and surgical treatment and to investigate the incidence rate of BA in Taiwan. METHODS: A pilot study to screen the stool color in infants for the early diagnosis ...
Saitoh Yuko - - 2006
Our aim was to examine the effects of gender, ear asymmetry, and age of infants on various parameters of transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs). Three hundred thirty-two infants (181 males, 151 females) were tested using the ILO292 Otodynamics Analyzer (Otodynamics Ltd, England) as a screening procedure. The subjects were divided ...
Robitaille Nancy - - 2006
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is associated with significant mortality and morbidity that can be decreased by neonatal diagnosis. Although 44 American states have implemented such programs, there are no provincially funded universal or targeted newborn screening programs for SCD in Canada. To report a critical appraisal of a hospital-based neonatal ...
Rhead William J - - 2006
As judged by tandem mass spectrometry blood spot screening, the incidence of medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency is 1:14 600 (CI 95%: 1:13 500-1:15 900) in almost 8.2 million newborns worldwide and is 2- to-3 fold higher than that identified in the same populations after clinical presentation. In mass-screened newborn ...
Daniell W E - - 2006
To evaluate noise exposures and hearing loss prevention efforts in industries with relatively high rates of workers' compensation claims for hearing loss. Washington State workers' compensation records were used to identify up to 10 companies in each of eight industries. Each company (n = 76) was evaluated by a management ...
Han Byung In - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The identification of the affected ear is crucial for the successful treatment of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo involving the horizontal canal (HC-BPPV) by using particle-repositioning maneuvers. OBJECTIVE: To determine the lateralizing value of lying-down nystagmus in HC-BPPV. METHODS: The authors prospectively investigated lying-down nystagmus in 152 consecutive patients with ...
Ari-Even Roth D - - 2006
To (a) study the prevalence of hearing impairment in a cohort of very low birthweight (VLBW) infants and (b) evaluate the effectiveness of transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE) as a first stage in-hospital hearing screening tool in this population. The study group was a cohort of 346 VLBW infants born ...
Shipman Scott A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) represents a spectrum of anatomic abnormalities that can result in permanent disability. OBJECTIVE: We sought to gather and synthesize the published evidence regarding screening for DDH by primary care providers. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the literature by using a best-evidence ...
Weyers Peter - - 2006
Right seat-side preference in a cinema has been explained by suggesting that it allows for emotional information processing by the right hemisphere (Karev, 2000). In order to determine seat-side preferences, participants in our experiments had to choose seats on cinema, theatre, and restaurant maps. The maps varied with respect to ...
Swanepoel De Wet de - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Benefits of early identification and subsequent intervention for hearing loss are not accessible to infants in developing countries like South Africa. There are no systematic screening programs and traditional platforms for newborn hearing screening, such as well-baby and intensive care nurseries, do not provide sufficient coverage due to the ...
Lieu Judith E Cho - - 2006
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The objectives of this study were to 1) quantify the relative importance of established risk factors for congenital hearing loss (HL), 2) identify other risk factors for congenital HL, and 3) create a prognostic system that can predict the chance of an infant having HL. METHODS: The authors conducted ...
Biondich Paul G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Screening for iron deficiency anemia is a well-established practice in pediatrics, but numerous challenges surrounding current recommendations raise questions about the effectiveness of this strategy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate iron deficiency anemia screening approaches, by assessing rates of follow-up testing and resolution among patients meeting screening criteria in a primary ...
Robertson Charlene M T - - 2006
AIM: To determine relationships between ototoxic drugs and 4-y sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in near-term and term survivors of severe neonatal respiratory failure. METHODS: All 81 survivors of the Canadian arm of the Neonatal Inhaled Nitric Oxide Study (mortality 32, loss to follow-up 9) received loop diuretics, aminoglycosides, and neuromuscular ...
Frazier D M - - 2006
North Carolina (NC) was the first US state to initiate universal tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) newborn screening. This began as a statewide pilot project in 1997 to determine the incidence and feasibility of screening for fatty acid oxidation, organic acid and selected amino acid disorders. The MS/MS analyses were done ...
Ngo Raymond Y S - - 2006
The implementation of neonatal hearing screening has enabled early detection and intervention in hearing loss. The use of otoacoustic emissions (OAE) and auditory brainstem response testing in universal screening has led to the recognition of this recently described disorder called auditory neuropathy/auditory dys-synchrony (AN/AD). This diagnosis indicates that the infant ...
Williams Bronwyn A - - 2006
The incidence of alloimmune neonatal neutropenia (ANN) is poorly defined. The reported incidence is less than or equal to 0.1%. This prospective study of unselected pregnancies found an incidence of 0.81% based on results of screening 247 'full term' cord blood samples. Alloimmune neonatal neutropenia occurred more frequently in this ...
James Philip M - - 2006
The aim of newborn screening is to identify presymptomatic healthy infants that will develop significant metabolic or endocrine derangements if left undiagnosed and untreated. The goal of ultimately reducing or eliminating irreversible sequelae is reached by maximizing test sensitivity of the primary newborn screening that measures specific analytes by a ...
Pass Kenneth - - 2006
The term "pilot study" has been used over the years to describe the evaluation of the many elements involved in deciding whether a proposed condition should be added to a newborn screening (NBS) panel, and until recently, was unilaterally used to describe the evaluation of the assay to be used ...
Abdullah A - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to determine the prevalence of hearing loss among newborns delivered at Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia and to evaluate the usefulness of our hearing screening protocol. METHODS: All infants born in the hospital over a nine-month period, between April to December 2003, were screened for hearing loss ...
St James-Roberts Ian - - 2006
BACKGROUND: WILSTAAR comprises a programme for identifying and treating 8-10-month-old infants who are at risk of language and cognitive difficulties. It has been adopted by health trusts, and included in Sure Start intervention schemes, throughout the UK. This study addresses one of the main queries raised by critics of the ...
Maniatis Aristides K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a second newborn screening for congenital hypothyroidism (CH). METHODS: All infants born in Colorado, USA, from July 1996 through June 2004 had a total thyroxine measured with secondary thyroid stimulating hormone determination. RESULTS: The number of first and second newborn screens completed was 494,324 ...
Quek K F - - 2006
The aim of this study is to highlight the baseline characteristics of the results of a screening test for anaemia among infants in a village in Okinawa, Japan. The groups were classified into two; infants with and without anaemia. A total of 201 infants were screened at 3-4 months, 9-10 ...
Raniga Sameer - - 2006
Chromosomal abnormalities occur in 0.1% to 0.2% of live births, and the most common clinically significant aneuploidy among live-born infants is Down syndrome (trisomy 21). Other sonographically detectable aneuploidies include trisomy 13, 18, monosomy X, and triploidy. Second-trimester ultrasound scan detects 2 types of sonographic markers suggestive of aneuploidy. Markers ...
Nance Walter E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: No large population based studies of newborn hearing screening have reported the population frequency of more than one specific form of deafness. OBJECTIVES: To combine available data on the overall incidence of pre-lingual deafness with estimates for specific causes to gain insight into age-related changes in the prevalence of ...
Lubal P - - 2006
Spectrophotometric determination of molybdenum(VI) and tungsten(VI) with application of Artificial Neural Networks is proposed and it was applied for elemental analysis of solid polyoxometalates. Better results in comparison with previously those achieved by previous published method were demonstrated. MALDI-TOF Mass Spectrometry was tested for possible determination of molecular weight of ...
Voss Susan E - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine how the ear canal sound pressure levels generated by circumaural, supra-aural, and insert earphones differ when coupled to the normal adult and infant ear. DESIGN: The ratio between the sound pressure generated in an adult ear and an infant ear was calculated for three types of earphones: ...
La Pean Alison - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Newborn screening saves lives, but the way in which parents learn of a positive screening test is also important for adherence with treatment plans and avoidance of psychosocial complications. The first messages provided to parents may be particularly important for understanding, especially when the infant is found to be ...
Widen Judith E - - 2005
This 3rd of 4 articles on a study of the efficacy of the 2-stage otoacoustic emission/automated auditory brainstem response (OAE/A-ABR) newborn hearing screening protocol describes (a) the behavioral audiometric protocol used to validate hearing status at 8-12 months of age, (b) the hearing status of the sample, and (c) the ...
Sylvan Kerstin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: No population-based study has evaluated the effects of third trimester ultrasound screening on prognosis. OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of routine ultrasound screening in the third trimester on perinatal/infant mortality, prevalence of small for gestational age infants (SGA) and low Apgar score. STUDY DESIGN: Two university clinics using routine ...
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