Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1396
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Iyer R N - - 2006
This report describes cyclosporiasis in a seven month old infant who presented with incessant crying and refusal of feeds. The routine modified ZN stained smears showed the oocysts of Cyclospora when all other tests failed to reveal enteric pathogens. The need for the clinical laboratory to screen faeces samples for ...
Chen Shan-Ming - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to detect biliary atresia (BA) in early infancy to prevent additional liver damage because of the delay of referral and surgical treatment and to investigate the incidence rate of BA in Taiwan. METHODS: A pilot study to screen the stool color in infants for the early diagnosis ...
Saitoh Yuko - - 2006
Our aim was to examine the effects of gender, ear asymmetry, and age of infants on various parameters of transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs). Three hundred thirty-two infants (181 males, 151 females) were tested using the ILO292 Otodynamics Analyzer (Otodynamics Ltd, England) as a screening procedure. The subjects were divided ...
Robitaille Nancy - - 2006
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is associated with significant mortality and morbidity that can be decreased by neonatal diagnosis. Although 44 American states have implemented such programs, there are no provincially funded universal or targeted newborn screening programs for SCD in Canada. To report a critical appraisal of a hospital-based neonatal ...
Rhead William J - - 2006
As judged by tandem mass spectrometry blood spot screening, the incidence of medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency is 1:14 600 (CI 95%: 1:13 500-1:15 900) in almost 8.2 million newborns worldwide and is 2- to-3 fold higher than that identified in the same populations after clinical presentation. In mass-screened newborn ...
Daniell W E - - 2006
To evaluate noise exposures and hearing loss prevention efforts in industries with relatively high rates of workers' compensation claims for hearing loss. Washington State workers' compensation records were used to identify up to 10 companies in each of eight industries. Each company (n = 76) was evaluated by a management ...
Han Byung In - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The identification of the affected ear is crucial for the successful treatment of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo involving the horizontal canal (HC-BPPV) by using particle-repositioning maneuvers. OBJECTIVE: To determine the lateralizing value of lying-down nystagmus in HC-BPPV. METHODS: The authors prospectively investigated lying-down nystagmus in 152 consecutive patients with ...
Ari-Even Roth D - - 2006
To (a) study the prevalence of hearing impairment in a cohort of very low birthweight (VLBW) infants and (b) evaluate the effectiveness of transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE) as a first stage in-hospital hearing screening tool in this population. The study group was a cohort of 346 VLBW infants born ...
Shipman Scott A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) represents a spectrum of anatomic abnormalities that can result in permanent disability. OBJECTIVE: We sought to gather and synthesize the published evidence regarding screening for DDH by primary care providers. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the literature by using a best-evidence ...
Weyers Peter - - 2006
Right seat-side preference in a cinema has been explained by suggesting that it allows for emotional information processing by the right hemisphere (Karev, 2000). In order to determine seat-side preferences, participants in our experiments had to choose seats on cinema, theatre, and restaurant maps. The maps varied with respect to ...
Swanepoel De Wet de - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Benefits of early identification and subsequent intervention for hearing loss are not accessible to infants in developing countries like South Africa. There are no systematic screening programs and traditional platforms for newborn hearing screening, such as well-baby and intensive care nurseries, do not provide sufficient coverage due to the ...
Lieu Judith E Cho - - 2006
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The objectives of this study were to 1) quantify the relative importance of established risk factors for congenital hearing loss (HL), 2) identify other risk factors for congenital HL, and 3) create a prognostic system that can predict the chance of an infant having HL. METHODS: The authors conducted ...
Biondich Paul G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Screening for iron deficiency anemia is a well-established practice in pediatrics, but numerous challenges surrounding current recommendations raise questions about the effectiveness of this strategy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate iron deficiency anemia screening approaches, by assessing rates of follow-up testing and resolution among patients meeting screening criteria in a primary ...
Robertson Charlene M T - - 2006
AIM: To determine relationships between ototoxic drugs and 4-y sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in near-term and term survivors of severe neonatal respiratory failure. METHODS: All 81 survivors of the Canadian arm of the Neonatal Inhaled Nitric Oxide Study (mortality 32, loss to follow-up 9) received loop diuretics, aminoglycosides, and neuromuscular ...
Frazier D M - - 2006
North Carolina (NC) was the first US state to initiate universal tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) newborn screening. This began as a statewide pilot project in 1997 to determine the incidence and feasibility of screening for fatty acid oxidation, organic acid and selected amino acid disorders. The MS/MS analyses were done ...
Ngo Raymond Y S - - 2006
The implementation of neonatal hearing screening has enabled early detection and intervention in hearing loss. The use of otoacoustic emissions (OAE) and auditory brainstem response testing in universal screening has led to the recognition of this recently described disorder called auditory neuropathy/auditory dys-synchrony (AN/AD). This diagnosis indicates that the infant ...
Williams Bronwyn A - - 2006
The incidence of alloimmune neonatal neutropenia (ANN) is poorly defined. The reported incidence is less than or equal to 0.1%. This prospective study of unselected pregnancies found an incidence of 0.81% based on results of screening 247 'full term' cord blood samples. Alloimmune neonatal neutropenia occurred more frequently in this ...
James Philip M - - 2006
The aim of newborn screening is to identify presymptomatic healthy infants that will develop significant metabolic or endocrine derangements if left undiagnosed and untreated. The goal of ultimately reducing or eliminating irreversible sequelae is reached by maximizing test sensitivity of the primary newborn screening that measures specific analytes by a ...
Pass Kenneth - - 2006
The term "pilot study" has been used over the years to describe the evaluation of the many elements involved in deciding whether a proposed condition should be added to a newborn screening (NBS) panel, and until recently, was unilaterally used to describe the evaluation of the assay to be used ...
Abdullah A - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to determine the prevalence of hearing loss among newborns delivered at Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia and to evaluate the usefulness of our hearing screening protocol. METHODS: All infants born in the hospital over a nine-month period, between April to December 2003, were screened for hearing loss ...
St James-Roberts Ian - - 2006
BACKGROUND: WILSTAAR comprises a programme for identifying and treating 8-10-month-old infants who are at risk of language and cognitive difficulties. It has been adopted by health trusts, and included in Sure Start intervention schemes, throughout the UK. This study addresses one of the main queries raised by critics of the ...
Maniatis Aristides K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a second newborn screening for congenital hypothyroidism (CH). METHODS: All infants born in Colorado, USA, from July 1996 through June 2004 had a total thyroxine measured with secondary thyroid stimulating hormone determination. RESULTS: The number of first and second newborn screens completed was 494,324 ...
Quek K F - - 2006
The aim of this study is to highlight the baseline characteristics of the results of a screening test for anaemia among infants in a village in Okinawa, Japan. The groups were classified into two; infants with and without anaemia. A total of 201 infants were screened at 3-4 months, 9-10 ...
Raniga Sameer - - 2006
Chromosomal abnormalities occur in 0.1% to 0.2% of live births, and the most common clinically significant aneuploidy among live-born infants is Down syndrome (trisomy 21). Other sonographically detectable aneuploidies include trisomy 13, 18, monosomy X, and triploidy. Second-trimester ultrasound scan detects 2 types of sonographic markers suggestive of aneuploidy. Markers ...
Nance Walter E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: No large population based studies of newborn hearing screening have reported the population frequency of more than one specific form of deafness. OBJECTIVES: To combine available data on the overall incidence of pre-lingual deafness with estimates for specific causes to gain insight into age-related changes in the prevalence of ...
Lubal P - - 2006
Spectrophotometric determination of molybdenum(VI) and tungsten(VI) with application of Artificial Neural Networks is proposed and it was applied for elemental analysis of solid polyoxometalates. Better results in comparison with previously those achieved by previous published method were demonstrated. MALDI-TOF Mass Spectrometry was tested for possible determination of molecular weight of ...
Voss Susan E - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine how the ear canal sound pressure levels generated by circumaural, supra-aural, and insert earphones differ when coupled to the normal adult and infant ear. DESIGN: The ratio between the sound pressure generated in an adult ear and an infant ear was calculated for three types of earphones: ...
La Pean Alison - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Newborn screening saves lives, but the way in which parents learn of a positive screening test is also important for adherence with treatment plans and avoidance of psychosocial complications. The first messages provided to parents may be particularly important for understanding, especially when the infant is found to be ...
Widen Judith E - - 2005
This 3rd of 4 articles on a study of the efficacy of the 2-stage otoacoustic emission/automated auditory brainstem response (OAE/A-ABR) newborn hearing screening protocol describes (a) the behavioral audiometric protocol used to validate hearing status at 8-12 months of age, (b) the hearing status of the sample, and (c) the ...
Sylvan Kerstin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: No population-based study has evaluated the effects of third trimester ultrasound screening on prognosis. OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of routine ultrasound screening in the third trimester on perinatal/infant mortality, prevalence of small for gestational age infants (SGA) and low Apgar score. STUDY DESIGN: Two university clinics using routine ...
Farrell Michael H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Newborn screening saves lives, but psychosocial complications after genetic screening have led to doubts about expanding programs. Because complications have been blamed on ineffective communication of results, a population-scale system to ensure communication quality may improve outcomes. The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a method ...
White Karl R - - 2005
Most newborns are screened for hearing loss, and many hospitals use a 2-stage protocol in which all infants are screened first with otoacoustic emissions (OAEs). In this protocol, no additional testing is done for those passing the OAE screening, but infants failing the OAE are also screened with automated auditory ...
Korres Stavros G - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: During the last 6 years, and after a long period of pilot study, a universal newborn hearing screening program based on otoacoustic emissions is implemented in Iaso Maternity Hospital. Our purpose is to present the success rate of otoacoustic emission testing on discharge from the hospital and 1 month ...
Kiss H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation was to determine the cost-saving potential of a simple screen-and-treat program for vaginal infection, which has previously been shown to lead to a reduction of 50% in the rate of preterm births. STUDY DESIGN: To determine the potential cost savings, we compared the direct ...
Knowles R - - 2005
To provide evidence to inform policy decisions about the most appropriate newborn screening strategy for congenital heart defects, identifying priorities for future research that might reduce important uncertainties in the evidence base for such decisions. Electronic databases. Groups of parents and health professionals. A systematic review of the published medical ...
Srisuparp Pimol - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and significant risk factors for pathologic hearing screening test results in high-risk neonates and the feasibility of implementing hearing screening program using automated otoacoustic emission (OAE)/ auditory brain stem response (ABR) device performed by trained nursing staffs. STUDY DESIGN: Single-center prospective, descriptive study. MATERIAL AND ...
Nachtigall Paul E - - 2005
An infant Risso's dolphin (Grampus griseus) was rescued from the beach in Southern Portugal, and an audiogram was measured using auditory evoked potentials (AEP) and envelope following response (EFR) techniques for frequencies from 4 to 150 kHz. The stimuli used were custom sinusoidally amplitude-modulated (SAM) tone-bursts, and the AEP responses ...
Korres S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In contrast to the recommendations of the Joint Committee on Infant Hearing, neonatal hearing screening programs are still not universally available, and many countries implement elective screening in high-risk newborns. OBJECTIVE: To assess the failure rates of neonates in hearing screening and the relative importance of risk factors for ...
Mukari S Z - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This paper reports the performance of a newly implemented hospital-based universal newborn hearing screening programme and the challenges to the effective implementation. METHODS: Data of 4437 babies screened from April 2003 to February 2004 at Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia was analyzed to measure the performance of the newborn hearing ...
Luts Heleen - - 2006
Experience with dichotic multiple-stimulus auditory steady-state responses (ASSRs) in clinical practice is described. ASSR thresholds were assessed in a sample of 60 high-risk newborns and young children between birth and 4 years of age. Amplitudes and signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) of the ASSR were compared between normal-hearing infants and adults. Age-related ...
Couper Fiona J - - 2005
Presented are the case history and toxicological findings of an infant fatality involving methadone. A mother found her 10-month-old infant unresponsive in a crib. The infant was taken to a hospital; however, she was cold and stiff on arrival and was pronounced dead. Few details regarding the case history were ...
Acharya Kruti - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Traditional population screening focuses on conditions for which early treatment prevents severe morbidity and mortality. The classic example in pediatrics is newborn screening for phenylketonuria, which began in the 1960s. In 1968, Wilson and Jungner delineated 10 criteria that would justify population screening. These criteria have been reaffirmed by ...
Varness Todd S - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To characterize Wisconsin-born infants with 21-hydroxylase deficiency-congenital adrenal hyperplasia (21-OH-D-CAH) who were not identified by the newborn screening for 21-OH-D-CAH, and to examine male and female screening 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) levels. STUDY DESIGN: Information on infants with false-negative results was gathered. Results of the Wisconsin newborn screening for 21-OH-D-CAH from ...
Berg Abbey L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Incidence of a specific pattern of auditory responses, absent auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) and present otoacoustic emissions (OAEs), in newborn hearing screening in a regional perinatal center neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is described. This profile, labeled auditory neuropathy or auditory dyssynchrony (AN/AD), is a dysfunction in neural/brainstem transmission ...
Pao Mritunjay - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to detect the incidence of erythrocytic Glucose-6 -Phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) deficiency, to compare the incidence of hyperbilirubinemia in G-6-PD deficient neonates as compared to G-6-PD normal neonates and to asses the usefulness of neonatal screening for G-6-PD deficiency. METHOD: In a retrospective hospital based ...
Bailey Donald B DB - - 2005
A fundamental tenet of newborn screening is that screening should lead to a proven benefit for the infant. The standard is usually construed as medical benefit that significantly improves a child's health. Screening for many conditions that cause developmental disabilities does not currently meet this standard. We argue for expanding ...
Olusanya B O - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Parental support for infant hearing loss is essential for a successful infant screening programme. However, in developing countries where unfavourable customs and beliefs towards childhood disabilities have been reported, parental support towards infant screening is uncertain and there is presently no published evidence on the subject. OBJECTIVE: To elicit ...
Sontag Marci K - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine immunoreactive trypsinogen (IRT)-based screening for cystic fibrosis (CF) for recall rate, genotype distribution, and "borderline" sweat test results. STUDY DESIGN: CF newborn screening in Colorado began in 1982, and >1,153,000 infants were screened through 2002 with an IRT-based screen (IRT/IRT). RESULTS: We have identified 313 infants with ...
Khairi M D Mohd - - 2005
The objective of this prospective study was to report on the prevalence of hearing impairment in the neonatal unit population. From 15 February 2000 to 15 March 2000 and from 15 February 2001 to 15 May 2001, 401 neonates were screened using transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE) followed by second-stage ...
Rock Michael J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development and follow-up confirmatory results of the routine cystic fibrosis (CF) newborn screening (NBS) program in Wisconsin. METHODS: CF NBS has been performed on a routine clinical basis in Wisconsin since July 1994. The 2-tiered immunoreactive trypsinogen (IRT)/DNA technique was used on dried blood on filter ...
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