Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1394
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Mehta Anil - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cystic fibrosis screening in newborns is occurring in an increasing number of countries, but protocols vary across regions, borders and continents. This review describes recent advances in the rationale for newborn screening and then suggests solutions to the hurdles that need to be overcome by clinicians to ...
Massie John - - 2007
Most babies with cystic fibrosis (CF) are born to parents who did not know they were carriers until their baby was diagnosed with CF, usually by newborn screening. It is only after the birth of their first child with CF that couples are offered genetic counselling and reproductive choices. Most ...
Lago Eleonor G - - 2007
The first aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of congenital toxoplasmosis in newborn infants treated by the public health system in Porto Alegre, a city in southern Brazil, using neonatal screening for Toxoplasma gondii-specific IgM. The second aim was to investigate whether the cases detected by this ...
Pajor Anna - - 2008
The clinical course and prognosis in sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) may be even worse if vestibular system is also involved, especially due to near location of anatomical structures in the inner ear. The aim of the study was to determine prognostic value of some clinical, audiological and demographic factors associated ...
Lee Chung-Yi - - 2007
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: With respect to follow-up from newborn hearing screening, click evoked auditory brainstem response provides relatively accurate estimates of auditory thresholds at a broad frequency range between 1,000 Hz and 4,000 Hz. Further on the frequency-specific hearing evaluation, recent studies conclude that tone burst auditory brainstem response estimates the behavioral ...
Zagólski Olaf - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The ototoxic action of systemic therapy with aminoglycoside antibiotics leading to the loss of inner ear hair cells is well recognized. The mitochondria-mediated pathway of apoptosis may play a role in inducing the apoptosis of vestibular hair cells due to aminoglycoside toxicity. Aminoglycosides are, nevertheless, routinely used for treatment ...
ten Hoedt A E - - 2007
From 1 January 2007 an expanded neonatal screening programme was initiated in the Netherlands, including homocystinuria with methionine as the primary marker. During the first 2 months hypermethioninaemia was detected in 14 newborns who, after proper evaluation, were demonstrated not to have classical homocystinuria. Remarkably, all these children were admitted ...
Schwend Richard M - - 2007
The Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America recommends that all health care providers who are involved in the care of infants continue to follow the clinical practice guideline for early detection of developmental hip dysplasia (DDH) outlined by the American Academy of Pediatrics. Although evaluation of children with risk factors ...
Kemper Alex R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Neonatologists play a central role in identifying infants who require screening for retinopathy of prematurity and in coordinating screening and treatment when necessary. No previous study has evaluated neonatologists' practices or experiences related to these activities. METHODS: A national mail survey of a random sample of 300 neonatologists was ...
VanDenHeuvel A - - 2007
The objectives of this study were to assess the feasibility of administering the CHecklist for Autism in Toddlers (CHAT) at the 18-month developmental check, estimate the prevalence of screening positive for autism at the first and second administrations of the CHAT and estimate the prevalence of diagnosed cases of autism. ...
Malik Meenakshi - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Psychosocial developmental screening of the infants in an urban slum of Delhi and studying the factors influencing the development. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study 202 infants and their mothers were included. Psychosocial Development Screening Test developed by Indian Council of Medical Research was used to asses the development status ...
Moeller Mary Pat - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Infants with hearing loss are known to be slower to develop spoken vocabulary than peers with normal hearing. Previous research demonstrates that they differ from normal-hearing children in several aspects of prelinguistic vocal development. Less is known about the vocalizations of early-identified infants with access to current hearing technologies. ...
Lyra e Silva Kilza de Arruda Kde - - 2007
Tympanometry is used in evaluating middle ear functional conditions. Before six months of age its results may be misleading. High frequency studies aim to provide more valid procedures. AIM: To describe and discuss tympanometric measurements and the interpretation in normal hearing neonates at 226, 678 and 1000Hz. METHOD: 110 neonates ...
Várallyay György G - - 2007
As the speech of a normal hearing and a deaf person are different, author expects differences between the crying sound of normal hearing and hard-of-hearing infants as well. In this study the author determined by computerized algorithms the melody of 2762 crying sounds from 316 infants, and compared the results ...
Cao-Nguyen Minh-Huong - - 2007
Hearing loss affects 1-3 out of 1000 newborns. A programme of universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) was implemented in our ENT department in February 2000. In 2001, the programme was extended to all the hospitals of the canton Geneva. The programme is based on the recording of transient evoked otoacoustic ...
Xoinis K - - 2007
Auditory neuropathy (AN) is a condition in which transmission of sound to the brain is abnormal. This is reflected as an electrophysiologic profile of normal otoacoustic emissions (OAE), with abnormal auditory brainstem evoked responses (ABR). Functionally speech perception is impaired and management strategies remain controversial. AN can be missed if ...
Hille Elysée T M - - 2007
AIM: To determine the prevalence and independent relationship between hearing loss and risk factors in a representative neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) population. METHODS: Automated auditory brainstem response (AABR) hearing screening has been introduced since 1998 in the Dutch NICUs. After a second AABR failure, diagnostic ABR was used to ...
Balk Katherine G - - 2007
Newborn screening (NBS), the practice by which infants are tested for certain genetic and metabolic conditions by heel prick 3 to 5 days after birth, has been a beneficial and cost-effective public health strategy. Many of the screened conditions present in the first 2 weeks of life and are life ...
Howell R Rodney - - 2007
Clinical follow-up of children identified by newborn screening is critical in ensuring that the short-term and long-term needs of the newborn infant are managed. Within the United States, one of the biggest challenges in the newborn screening programme is clinical follow-up, and there still remains wide variation in practice patterns ...
Marcellus Lenora - - 2007
Researchers have been actively looking to biomarker development as a way to improve diagnosis in conditions such as fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) that have typically been difficult to identify at an early stage. Meconium testing is considered a potentially useful newborn screening method. Screening for alcohol (and other drug) use ...
Nieder Bärbel - - 2007
The induced reduction in the loudness (ILR) of a weaker tone caused by a preceding stronger tone was measured with both tones in the same ear (ipsilateral ILR) and also in opposite ears (contralateral ILR). The two tones were always equal in duration and were presented repeatedly over several minutes. ...
Ball Robert H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the differences in costs and outcomes of Down syndrome screening using data from the First and Second Trimester Evaluation of Risk (FASTER) Trial. METHODS: Seven possible screening options for Down syndrome were compared: 1) Triple Screen-maternal serum alpha fetoprotein, estriol, and hCG; 2) Quad-maternal serum alpha fetoprotein, ...
Hunter Lisa L - - 2007
American Indian children have three times the rate of otitis media compared to the general population, yet prospective cohort studies of OME and hearing loss have not been previously reported in American Indian infants. Between 1997 and 2003, a cohort of 421 infants was enrolled at birth from Minnesota American ...
Aamir Tajwar - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Congenital cardiovascular malformations (CCVMs) are relatively common with a prevalence of 5-10 per 1000 live births. Pulse oximetry screening is proposed to identify newborns with critical CCVMs which are missed by routine prenatal ultrasound and by pre-discharge physical examinations. The purpose of this study was to identify the number ...
Nagapoornima P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the weighted incidence of hearing impairment in a standardized population of at risk and not at risk neonates seeking care at a tertiary level hospital in India. METHODS: A prospective study of a nonrandomized cohort of 1769 neonates (1490: Not at risk; 279: At risk) from a ...
Caiulo Vito Antonio - - 2007
Nephrogenic rests (NRs) are considered to be precursor lesions of Wilms tumor, the most common malignant neoplasm of the urinary tract in children. We have previously reported on 2 cases of NRs, incidentally diagnosed at 2 to 3 months of age during an ultrasound mass screening for urinary tract malformations ...
Swanepoel De Wet de - - 2007
Newborn hearing screening is the procedure of choice for ensuring optimal outcomes for infants with hearing loss, whether in a developed or developing country. Unfortunately, apart from a small number of recent exceptions, newborn hearing screening has been a practice reserved for the developed world. Despite the prevailing challenges towards ...
Ahn Joong Ho - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare pure-tone audiometry and auditory steady state response (ASSR) to measure hearing loss based on the severity of hearing loss in frequencies. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: A total of 105 subjects (168 ears, 64 male and 41 female) were enrolled in this study. We determined hearing level by ...
Tudor Anton - - 2007
Using ultrasound in evaluation of infant's hip development can reduce surgical procedures, hospitalization and late presentation of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). The increasing incidence of DDH after ultrasound examination is observed and published by many authors. In a prospective study, radiograph of every single ultrasonographic positive hip in ...
Abdala Carolina - - 2007
Previous work has reported non-adultlike distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) suppression in human newborns at f2=6000 Hz, indicating an immaturity in peripheral auditory function. In this study, DPOAE suppression tuning curves (STCs) were recorded as a measure of cochlear function and acoustic admittance/reflectance (YR) in the ear canal recorded as ...
Harris Katharine B - - 2007
Mandated screening of newborns for congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in NYS was initiated in l978. Currently, every newborn screening program in the U.S. includes CH in its panel. Between 1978 and 2005, 7.4 million newborns were screened for CH in NYS. In NYS, between 1978 and 2005, the incidence of CH ...
Lippi Giuseppe - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The diagnostic approach to haemostatic defects in the newborn is challenging and requires appropriate interpretation of coagulation tests according to reference values dependent on the postnatal age. METHODS: This investigation was designed to study the postnatal development of the human coagulation system in newborn infants and to develop appropriate ...
Dezateux Carol - - 2007
In its severest form, developmental dysplasia of the hip is one of the most common congenital malformations. The pathophysiology and natural history of the range of morphological and clinical disorders that constitute developmental dysplasia of the hip are poorly understood. Neonatal screening programmes, based on clinical screening examinations, have been ...
Kolski Catherine - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: A discussion concerning the relevance of universal newborn hearing screening has been conducted in France since the end of the 1990s. As a contribution to the choice of strategy to be implemented, we evaluated and compared the results of this screening and its impact on the parent-infant relationship as ...
Jellicoe Paul - - 2007
Many ways of detecting hip instability in the newborn infant exist, including a history of risk factors, clinical examination and ultrasound. We investigated our practice of 'at risk' screening using subjective, dynamic and static, ultrasound, followed by radiographic evaluation at 12 months. We found that the average age at presentation ...
Valmari Pekka - - 2007
Ten studies (44 969 newborns, 71 severe defects) evaluating the usefulness of neonatal pulse oximetry (PO) screening in timely detection of congenital heart disease (CHD) were reviewed. PO showed a high specificity (99.9-99.99%), and the overall rate of detection of 15 individual defects with PO was 72% (range 46-100%), exceeding ...
Chiong Charlotte - - 2007
CONCLUSION: Evoked otoacoustic emission (OAE) and auditory brainstem response (ABR) results for hearing screening among infants have good concordance. However, good correlation with the Griffiths Developmental Scales remains to be desired. OBJECTIVE: To correlate hearing screening outcomes of a cohort of infants with developmental outcomes at 6 and 12 months. ...
Kayton Allyson - - 2007
Newborn screening is the largest genetic testing effort for newborns in the U.S. Its purpose is to identify newborns who are at risk for metabolic, endocrine, or hematologic disorders. A review of the literature was conducted to determine the benefits of newborn screening; specimen collection timing and handling; ethical considerations ...
Green Denise R - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the effect of state Universal Newborn Hearing Screening legislation on the percentage of infants having their hearing screened within one month of birth. METHODS: Hearing screening data for 2000-2003 were obtained from state hearing screening programs. States with Universal Newborn Hearing Screening legislation ...
Dogruel H - - 2008
Although hip ultrasonography is gaining acceptance as the most effective method for the early diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip, there is still some controversy regarding the use of ultrasonography as a screening method. The purpose of this study was to investigate prospectively the capacity of clinical examination findings ...
De Capua Bruno - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss (HL) is likely to be the most common congenital abnormality in humans, with a reported prevalence of 1 to 3 per 1000 live births. Early detection and intervention is critical to prevent the adverse consequences of a delayed diagnosis on speech, language and cognitive development. As 33-50% ...
Golding Maryanne - - 2007
Finding ways to evaluate the success of hearing aid fittings in young infants has increased in importance with the implementation of hearing screening programs. Cortical auditory evoked potentials (CAEP) can be recorded in infants and provides evidence for speech detection at the cortical level. The validity of this technique as ...
van Calcar Sandra C - - 2007
In April 2000, the Wisconsin Newborn Screening Program implemented tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) technology to expand the newborn screening panel from 13 to 48 disorders, the majority of which are inborn errors of metabolism. Among other tests, this technology measures the acylcarnitine profile from blood spots collected from infants at ...
Giusti Robert - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work was to report on the first 2.5 years of newborn screening for cystic fibrosis in New York. METHODS: Directors of the 11 New York cystic fibrosis centers were asked to provide mutation data, demographic data, and selected laboratory results for each patient diagnosed by ...
Kirkwood Allison - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Gentamicin is used in pregnancy to treat infections that cause complications to the mother and fetus if left untreated. In 2003, Schering, the manufacturer of Garamycin Injectable, amended the product monograph in the Compendium of Pharmaceuticals and Specialties to state that gentamicin should be avoided in pregnancy due to ...
Keefe Douglas H - - 2007
The purpose of this study is to understand why otoacoustic emission (OAE) levels are higher in normal-hearing human infants relative to adults. In a previous study, distortion product (DP) OAE input/output (I/O) functions were shown to differ at f2 = 6 kHz in adults compared to infants through 6 months ...
Tan E S - - 2007
Diagnosis of Non-Ketotic Hyperglycinemia by MSMS newborn screening might benefit patients with post-neonatal presentation. We screened 733,527 babies over eight years, and nine babies were subsequently diagnosed with NKHG. Two had newborn glycine levels above our cut-off and presented within 72 h. The remaining patients could not have been diagnosed ...
Attias J - - 2007
This study describes 5 infants who were diagnosed with auditory neuropathy (AN) associated with severe to profound neural hearing loss shortly after birth. However, on repetition of the tests 7-12 months later, all infants showed full or partial recovery. The follow-up electrophysiological patterns were characterized by the appearance of wave ...
Karimi Mehran - - 2007
BACKGROUND: beta-thalassaemia is a preventable disease. Iran has about 20,000 homozygote beta-thalassaemia patients and 3,750,000 carriers. OBJECTIVE: To assess the 10-year results of the screening programme, which has been operating in Southern Iran since 1995. METHODS: All couples wanting to marry were required to be checked for beta-thalassaemia by their ...
Griebsch Ingolf - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Congenital heart defects (CHD) are an important cause of death and morbidity in early childhood, but the effectiveness of alternative newborn screening strategies in preventing the collapse or death--before diagnosis--of infants with treatable but life-threatening defects is uncertain. We assessed their effectiveness and efficiency to inform policy and research ...
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