Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1413
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Meberg Alf - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare strategies with and without first-day of life pulse oximetry screening to detect critical congenital heart defects (CCHDs). STUDY DESIGN: Population based study including all live born infants in Norway in 2005 and 2006 (n = 116 057). Postductal (foot) arterial oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) was measured in apparently ...
Liu Chia-ling - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work was to examine loss to follow-up on the use of diagnostic or intervention services for Massachusetts infants and children screened or diagnosed with hearing loss and risk factors for becoming lost to follow-up. METHODS: We used data from the Massachusetts Childhood Hearing Data System ...
M. AL-Harbi
This study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of hearing impairment in at risk newborns hospitalized at the intensive and intermediate care neonatal unit. Also to correlate the results of ABR and TEOAE for hearing screening of newborns. One hundred and five newborns with risk factors for hearing impairment ...
Krumm Mark - - 2008
Distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) and automated auditory brainstem response (AABR) screening were conducted in infants at a distant hospital using remote computing. Eighteen males and twelve females ranging in age from 11-45 days were tested. Both DPOAE and AABR data were recorded using an integrated test system which was ...
Swanepoel DeWet - - 2008
Parental knowledge and attitudes regarding infant hearing loss are crucial to the successful implementation of EHDI programs, especially in developing countries where concerns have been raised of cultural-based ignorance and resistance towards childhood disabilities. This study investigated maternal knowledge and attitudes amongst 100 South African mothers accessing the public healthcare ...
Treiber Milena - - 2008
AIM: Ultrasound imaging has become an accepted tool for accurate diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and for its management. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the results of the general neonatal hip screening program in Maribor between 1997 and 2005 in comparison with earlier ...
Gruñieiro-Papendieck Laura - - 2008
AIM: To report the experience of the neonatal screening program for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) carried out in Buenos Aires, Argentina, from 1997 to 2006. POPULATION AND METHODS: 17-Hydroxyprogesterone (17OHP) was measured with an immunofluorometric assay in filter paper blood samples collected at neonatal maternity discharge. Filter paper blood levels ...
Storbeck Claudine - - 2008
Since little information is available on the outcome of early hearing intervention programs in South Africa, this article examines data on infants and families registered with a family-centred, home-based intervention program (HI HOPES) over a 12-month period in order to track the effectiveness of the holistic unbiased support to families ...
Ribeiro Flávia Martins - - 2008
This study was designed to investigate the feasibility of applying tone-ABRs in the nursery and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), and to provide normative tone-ABR data from neonates. Normative tone-ABR latency data were determined. The study obtained intensity series of tone-ABRs from thirty preterm neonates and twenty full-term neonates who ...
Williams Gavin J - - 2008
This protocol details the application of a high-throughput fluorescence-based screen, in conjunction with error-prone PCR/saturation mutagenesis, for altering the proficiency and/or promiscuity of a secondary metabolite glycosyltransferase (GT) via directed evolution. Given the structural and mechanistic similarities among secondary metabolite-associated GTs, this approach may provide a template for engineering other ...
Ekelund Charlotte K - - 2008
To evaluate the impact of a screening strategy in the first trimester, introduced in Denmark during 2004-6, on the number of infants born with Down's syndrome and the number of chorionic villus samplings and amniocenteses, and to determine detection and false positive rates in the screened population in 2005 and ...
Swadpanich Ussanee - - 2008
Preterm birth is birth before 37 weeks' gestation. Genital tract infection is one of the causes of preterm birth. Infection screening during pregnancy has been used to reduce preterm birth. However, infection screening may have some adverse effects, e.g. increased antibiotic drug resistance, increased costs of treatment. To assess the ...
Nagulić M - - 2007
Since the introduction of non-invasive imaging techniques (CT, US, MRI), super selective cerebrospinal angiography has been playing a major role as a diagnostic tool as well as a therapeutic procedure prior to surgery or as an alternative. Surgical neuroangiography is currently a well-established therapeutic technique in neuropediatrics even in newborns ...
Arnold Georgianne L - - 2008
3-MCC deficiency is among the most common inborn errors of metabolism identified on expanded newborn screening (1:36,000 births). However, evidence-based guidelines for diagnosis and management of this disorder are lacking. Using the traditional Delphi method, a panel of 15 experts in inborn errors of metabolism was convened to develop consensus-based ...
Puck Jennifer M - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Severe combined immunodeficiency has been identified as a high-priority disease for inclusion in population-based newborn screening programs. In this review, the justification, advances to date and remaining challenges for universal severe combined immunodeficiency screening are outlined. RECENT FINDINGS: Severe combined immunodeficiency is treatable by hematopoietic stem cell ...
Kemper Alex R - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To illustrate potential risks and benefits of disease screening for newborns using the example of Duchenne muscular dystrophy. RECENT FINDINGS: There is a wide range in the reported positive predictive value for screening male newborns for Duchenne muscular dystrophy by the creatine kinase level on dried blood ...
Nepal A - - 2007
The objective of this study was to assess the extent of conductive hearing loss in relation to different sizes and sites of simple central tympanic membrane perforations. Total 100 cases attending ENT OPD, BPKIHS during period of April 2003 to Mar 2004 without any discrimination of sex, race and religion ...
Zagólski Olaf - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Seventy percent of genetic deafness occurs without associated phenotypic characteristics and is termed nonsyndromic hereditary hearing impairment, analyzed by numerous genetic loci. Many forms of nonsyndromic hereditary hearing impairment are secondary to diverse cochleosaccular dysfunctions. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate vestibular function in a group ...
Waters T P - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate neonatal hearing assessment by the otoacoustic emission (OAE) test in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants exposed to antenatal steroids. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective cohort study of infants <1500 g delivered between July 1998 and July 2004 who completed hearing screens on discharge. ...
Mehta Anil - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cystic fibrosis screening in newborns is occurring in an increasing number of countries, but protocols vary across regions, borders and continents. This review describes recent advances in the rationale for newborn screening and then suggests solutions to the hurdles that need to be overcome by clinicians to ...
Massie John - - 2007
Most babies with cystic fibrosis (CF) are born to parents who did not know they were carriers until their baby was diagnosed with CF, usually by newborn screening. It is only after the birth of their first child with CF that couples are offered genetic counselling and reproductive choices. Most ...
Lago Eleonor G - - 2007
The first aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of congenital toxoplasmosis in newborn infants treated by the public health system in Porto Alegre, a city in southern Brazil, using neonatal screening for Toxoplasma gondii-specific IgM. The second aim was to investigate whether the cases detected by this ...
Pajor Anna - - 2008
The clinical course and prognosis in sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) may be even worse if vestibular system is also involved, especially due to near location of anatomical structures in the inner ear. The aim of the study was to determine prognostic value of some clinical, audiological and demographic factors associated ...
Lee Chung-Yi - - 2007
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: With respect to follow-up from newborn hearing screening, click evoked auditory brainstem response provides relatively accurate estimates of auditory thresholds at a broad frequency range between 1,000 Hz and 4,000 Hz. Further on the frequency-specific hearing evaluation, recent studies conclude that tone burst auditory brainstem response estimates the behavioral ...
Zagólski Olaf - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The ototoxic action of systemic therapy with aminoglycoside antibiotics leading to the loss of inner ear hair cells is well recognized. The mitochondria-mediated pathway of apoptosis may play a role in inducing the apoptosis of vestibular hair cells due to aminoglycoside toxicity. Aminoglycosides are, nevertheless, routinely used for treatment ...
ten Hoedt A E - - 2007
From 1 January 2007 an expanded neonatal screening programme was initiated in the Netherlands, including homocystinuria with methionine as the primary marker. During the first 2 months hypermethioninaemia was detected in 14 newborns who, after proper evaluation, were demonstrated not to have classical homocystinuria. Remarkably, all these children were admitted ...
Schwend Richard M - - 2007
The Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America recommends that all health care providers who are involved in the care of infants continue to follow the clinical practice guideline for early detection of developmental hip dysplasia (DDH) outlined by the American Academy of Pediatrics. Although evaluation of children with risk factors ...
Kemper Alex R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Neonatologists play a central role in identifying infants who require screening for retinopathy of prematurity and in coordinating screening and treatment when necessary. No previous study has evaluated neonatologists' practices or experiences related to these activities. METHODS: A national mail survey of a random sample of 300 neonatologists was ...
VanDenHeuvel A - - 2007
The objectives of this study were to assess the feasibility of administering the CHecklist for Autism in Toddlers (CHAT) at the 18-month developmental check, estimate the prevalence of screening positive for autism at the first and second administrations of the CHAT and estimate the prevalence of diagnosed cases of autism. ...
Malik Meenakshi - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Psychosocial developmental screening of the infants in an urban slum of Delhi and studying the factors influencing the development. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study 202 infants and their mothers were included. Psychosocial Development Screening Test developed by Indian Council of Medical Research was used to asses the development status ...
Moeller Mary Pat - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Infants with hearing loss are known to be slower to develop spoken vocabulary than peers with normal hearing. Previous research demonstrates that they differ from normal-hearing children in several aspects of prelinguistic vocal development. Less is known about the vocalizations of early-identified infants with access to current hearing technologies. ...
Lyra e Silva Kilza de Arruda Kde - - 2007
Tympanometry is used in evaluating middle ear functional conditions. Before six months of age its results may be misleading. High frequency studies aim to provide more valid procedures. AIM: To describe and discuss tympanometric measurements and the interpretation in normal hearing neonates at 226, 678 and 1000Hz. METHOD: 110 neonates ...
Várallyay György G - - 2007
As the speech of a normal hearing and a deaf person are different, author expects differences between the crying sound of normal hearing and hard-of-hearing infants as well. In this study the author determined by computerized algorithms the melody of 2762 crying sounds from 316 infants, and compared the results ...
Cao-Nguyen Minh-Huong - - 2007
Hearing loss affects 1-3 out of 1000 newborns. A programme of universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) was implemented in our ENT department in February 2000. In 2001, the programme was extended to all the hospitals of the canton Geneva. The programme is based on the recording of transient evoked otoacoustic ...
Xoinis K - - 2007
Auditory neuropathy (AN) is a condition in which transmission of sound to the brain is abnormal. This is reflected as an electrophysiologic profile of normal otoacoustic emissions (OAE), with abnormal auditory brainstem evoked responses (ABR). Functionally speech perception is impaired and management strategies remain controversial. AN can be missed if ...
Hille Elysée T M - - 2007
AIM: To determine the prevalence and independent relationship between hearing loss and risk factors in a representative neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) population. METHODS: Automated auditory brainstem response (AABR) hearing screening has been introduced since 1998 in the Dutch NICUs. After a second AABR failure, diagnostic ABR was used to ...
Balk Katherine G - - 2007
Newborn screening (NBS), the practice by which infants are tested for certain genetic and metabolic conditions by heel prick 3 to 5 days after birth, has been a beneficial and cost-effective public health strategy. Many of the screened conditions present in the first 2 weeks of life and are life ...
Howell R Rodney - - 2007
Clinical follow-up of children identified by newborn screening is critical in ensuring that the short-term and long-term needs of the newborn infant are managed. Within the United States, one of the biggest challenges in the newborn screening programme is clinical follow-up, and there still remains wide variation in practice patterns ...
Marcellus Lenora - - 2007
Researchers have been actively looking to biomarker development as a way to improve diagnosis in conditions such as fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) that have typically been difficult to identify at an early stage. Meconium testing is considered a potentially useful newborn screening method. Screening for alcohol (and other drug) use ...
Nieder Bärbel - - 2007
The induced reduction in the loudness (ILR) of a weaker tone caused by a preceding stronger tone was measured with both tones in the same ear (ipsilateral ILR) and also in opposite ears (contralateral ILR). The two tones were always equal in duration and were presented repeatedly over several minutes. ...
Ball Robert H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the differences in costs and outcomes of Down syndrome screening using data from the First and Second Trimester Evaluation of Risk (FASTER) Trial. METHODS: Seven possible screening options for Down syndrome were compared: 1) Triple Screen-maternal serum alpha fetoprotein, estriol, and hCG; 2) Quad-maternal serum alpha fetoprotein, ...
Hunter Lisa L - - 2007
American Indian children have three times the rate of otitis media compared to the general population, yet prospective cohort studies of OME and hearing loss have not been previously reported in American Indian infants. Between 1997 and 2003, a cohort of 421 infants was enrolled at birth from Minnesota American ...
Aamir Tajwar - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Congenital cardiovascular malformations (CCVMs) are relatively common with a prevalence of 5-10 per 1000 live births. Pulse oximetry screening is proposed to identify newborns with critical CCVMs which are missed by routine prenatal ultrasound and by pre-discharge physical examinations. The purpose of this study was to identify the number ...
Nagapoornima P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the weighted incidence of hearing impairment in a standardized population of at risk and not at risk neonates seeking care at a tertiary level hospital in India. METHODS: A prospective study of a nonrandomized cohort of 1769 neonates (1490: Not at risk; 279: At risk) from a ...
Caiulo Vito Antonio - - 2007
Nephrogenic rests (NRs) are considered to be precursor lesions of Wilms tumor, the most common malignant neoplasm of the urinary tract in children. We have previously reported on 2 cases of NRs, incidentally diagnosed at 2 to 3 months of age during an ultrasound mass screening for urinary tract malformations ...
Swanepoel De Wet de - - 2007
Newborn hearing screening is the procedure of choice for ensuring optimal outcomes for infants with hearing loss, whether in a developed or developing country. Unfortunately, apart from a small number of recent exceptions, newborn hearing screening has been a practice reserved for the developed world. Despite the prevailing challenges towards ...
Ahn Joong Ho - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare pure-tone audiometry and auditory steady state response (ASSR) to measure hearing loss based on the severity of hearing loss in frequencies. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: A total of 105 subjects (168 ears, 64 male and 41 female) were enrolled in this study. We determined hearing level by ...
Tudor Anton - - 2007
Using ultrasound in evaluation of infant's hip development can reduce surgical procedures, hospitalization and late presentation of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). The increasing incidence of DDH after ultrasound examination is observed and published by many authors. In a prospective study, radiograph of every single ultrasonographic positive hip in ...
Abdala Carolina - - 2007
Previous work has reported non-adultlike distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) suppression in human newborns at f2=6000 Hz, indicating an immaturity in peripheral auditory function. In this study, DPOAE suppression tuning curves (STCs) were recorded as a measure of cochlear function and acoustic admittance/reflectance (YR) in the ear canal recorded as ...
Harris Katharine B - - 2007
Mandated screening of newborns for congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in NYS was initiated in l978. Currently, every newborn screening program in the U.S. includes CH in its panel. Between 1978 and 2005, 7.4 million newborns were screened for CH in NYS. In NYS, between 1978 and 2005, the incidence of CH ...
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