Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1423
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Eberly Matthew D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of the revised guidelines on incidence of neonatal early-onset group B streptococcal disease (EoGBS) via retrospective analysis of births in a military population. METHODS: Information from records of all live births within military hospitals from 1993 to 2007 was obtained. The data were divided into ...
van der Stelt Jeannette M - - 2008
The influence of the mother tongue on vowel productions in infancy is different for deaf and hearing babies. Audio material of five hearing and five deaf infants acquiring Dutch was collected monthly from month 5-18, and at 24 months. Fifty unlabelled utterances were digitized for each recording. This study focused ...
Roth Daphne Ari-Even - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Our goals were to (1) study the prevalence of hearing impairment in a large cohort of infants with preauricular skin tags or ear pits and compare it with that among all other newborns participating in our universal newborn hearing screening program during the same period and (2) evaluate the ...
Zarina A L - - 2008
Newborn screening for congenital hypothyroidism (CH) was implemented in Hospital UKM in December 2004 using cord blood sample. From the audit over a period of 25 months, a total of 13,875 newborn babies were screened with a coverage of 98.8%. From this cohort, the mean recall rate was 0.32%; unfortunately ...
Asma A - - 2008
The importance of universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) in identifying hearing-impaired infants as early as possible is already well recognized. Transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE) have been established as a reliable method for UNHS in full term infants. This is a cross sectional study between April 2003--December 2005. Thirteen thousand ...
Saul Robert A - - 2008
PURPOSE: Fragile X syndrome is the most common form of hereditary intellectual disability. Detection of the fragile X phenotype in the prepubertal period is very difficult, and early detection might assist in early developmental intervention and reproductive counseling. A pilot study was conducted to establish the feasibility of newborn screening ...
Martínez-Cruz Carlos Fabián - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Infants from neonatal intensive care units (NICU) are at high risk for sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL); however, risk factors may change from NICU to NICU and from country to country. Our objective was to describe the main causes associated with SNHL in infants from a tertiary level NICU in ...
Katbamna Bharti - - 2008
This article describes the current standard for infant hearing loss identification and intervention. Since the standard of care was driven by the recommendations made by the Joint Committee on Infant Hearing, a summary of the most recent recommendations is provided, followed by illustrative case studies that highlight how implementation of ...
Grasso D L - - 2008
Sensorineural hearing loss is one of the most common congenital abnormalities in infants and it affects approximately one to two neonates in every 1000 births. Early identification of hearing loss in the newborn is the first step for a successful rehabilitation programme. The introduction of Otoacoustic Emission responses as a ...
- - 2008
Universal newborn screening for selected metabolic, endocrine, hematologic, and functional disorders is a well-established practice of state public health programs. Recent developments in tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS), which is now capable of multi-analyte analysis in a high throughput capacity, has enabled newborn screening to include many more disorders detectable from ...
Yoo B K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cost effectiveness of newborn screening for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) in the U.S. newborn population. METHODS: We constructed a decision model to estimate the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of CAH screening compared to a strategy of no screening. Two types of cost effectiveness analyses (CEA) were ...
Verbeeck Jannick - - 2008
Since auditory disability causes serious problems in the development of speech and in the total development of a child, it is crucial to diagnose possible hearing impairment as soon as possible after birth. This study evaluates the neonatal hearing screening program in Flanders, Belgium. The auditory ability of 118,438 babies ...
Chen Judy L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The high incidence of conductive hearing loss from serous effusion in patients with cleft palate is well known. This study investigates the results and interpretation of newborn hearing screening in infants with cleft palates. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort review. PATIENTS: One hundred fourteen newborns with cleft palate, with or ...
Rydzak Chara E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Syphilis continues to be an important public health problem among pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa with prevalence rates as high as 17%. Pregnant women are a critical population to screen to prevent the devastating consequences of infection to their unborn children. Although screening and appropriate treatment of infected pregnant ...
Minihane Keith P - - 2008
Infants with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) are at increased risk for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), which has led to increased use of diagnostic procedures. Our goal in this study was to establish indications for imaging the hips of infants presenting with CMT. We reviewed the cases of 292 ...
Zagólski Olaf - - 2008
The ototoxic action of systemic therapy with aminoglycosides, used in vital infections in infants, is well recognized. Nevertheless, the routine examination of the infants' inner ear does not include vestibular tests. The purpose of the study was to evaluate vestibular function in a group of infants before and after administration ...
Abdala Carolina C House Ear Institute, 2100 West Third Street, Children's Auditory Research and Evaluation Center, Los Angeles, California 90057, USA. - - 2008
To describe and define changes in the infant DP-gram during an age continuum from the preterm period through the first 6 mo of postnatal life. This information provides normative guidelines for audiologists or hearing screeners using DPOAEs to monitor infant hearing status. In this retrospective study, 2f1 - f2 DP-grams ...
Hatzopoulos S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To identify the optimal test protocol to screen for hearing problems in newborns, an evaluation of three distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) protocols was conducted in neonates, from a well-baby nursery (WBN) and from a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and compared to the performance in newborns of a ...
Spliethoff Henry M - - 2008
Temporal biomonitoring studies can assess changes in population exposures to contaminants, but collection of biological specimens with adequate representation and sufficient temporal resolution can be resource-intensive. Newborn Screening Programs (NSPs) collect blood as dried spots on filter paper from nearly all infants born in the United States (U.S.). In this ...
Nelson Heidi D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This review is an update for the US Preventive Services Task Force on universal newborn hearing screening to detect moderate-to-severe permanent, bilateral congenital hearing loss. We focus on 3 key questions: (1) Among infants identified by universal screening who would not be identified by targeted screening, does initiating treatment ...
Hopkins Robert B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: In this article, we compared the costs of testing meconium for alcohol exposure in newborns with the lifetime benefits of early detection and intervention. METHOD: A decision analytic model was developed to assess the cost-effectiveness of testing meconium for two scenarios: (1) all infants in the Canadian province of ...
Khaimook Wandee - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Determine the prevalence and risk factor of neonatal hearing loss in the high-risk group. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A prospective descriptive study, using the criteria of "high-risk" as defined by the Joint Committee of Infant Hearing 1994, American Academy of Pediatrics, 465 newborn in Songklanagarind Hospital were screened with portable ...
Schimmenti Lisa A - - 2008
PURPOSE: Previous studies of connexin-related hearing loss have typically reported on mixed age groups or adults. To further address epidemiology and natural history of connexin-related hearing loss, we conducted a longitudinal study in an ethnically diverse cohort of infants and toddlers under 3 years of age. Our study compares infants ...
Feniman Mariza Ribeiro - - 2008
The first two years of life are critical for the acquisition and development of hearing and speaking skills. AIM: This prospective study aims to verify the performance of infants with cleft lip and palate (CLP) with and without risk factors for hearing (RFH) in the verbal recognition test (VRT). MATERIAL ...
Zaputovic Sanja - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate, in a prospective study, the incidence of homozygotes and heterozygotes of the 35delG/GJB2 mutation for connexin 26 in the low-risk population of newborns undergoing two-stage universal neonatal hearing screening (UNHS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 1048 neonates born at the Department of Obstetrics and ...
Giusti Robert - - 2008
During the first 4 years of newborn screening (NBS) for Cystic Fibrosis (CF) in New York there was a statistically significant, twofold greater relative risk of an Immunoreactive Trypsinogen (IRT) level greater than 95% in African-American infants. The reason for this previously reported increase in IRT level in African-American infants ...
Benito-Orejas J I - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Both transitory auditory otoemissions (TEOAE) and automated auditory brainstem responses (AABR) are considered adequate methods for universal hearing screening. The goal of this study was to compare the results obtained with each device, applying the same screening procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2001 to 2003, all the newborns in ...
Stein-Zamir Chen - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Early detection, diagnosis and treatment of developmental dysplasia/dislocation of hip (DDH) are essential in preventing further disability and quality of life impairment in children. DDH risk markers and association between the age of clinical screening and outcome, were evaluated. METHODS: Clinical screening at ages birth, 6 and 13 weeks ...
Finne Per Haavwardsholm - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Screening of newborn infants for congenital hip dysplasia may be done by clinical examination, ultrasound, or radiography--or a combination of these. Studies that have used clinical examination followed by ultrasound imaging for infants with certain risk factors have shown excellent results, but they were performed by very ...
Gunay C - - 2009
Ultrasonography has become accepted as a useful imaging modality in the early detection of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which ultrasonographic measurements of femoral head coverage correspond to the categories of hip maturity defined by Graf's angle alpha. ...
Odunvbun M E - - 2008
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most common genetic disorder to affect Blacks. The mortality rate associated with SCD has remained high despite the use of appropriate interventions to manage the various forms of crisis. In developed countries, newborn screening programmes are conducted routinely, which has resulted in a reduction ...
Bansal Sandeep - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To formulate a protocol for infant hearing screening in developing countries enabling it to be later incorporated into their national deafness screening programs. The screening tool should be sensitive in detecting hearing loss in infants with high specificity. METHODS: 2659 infants in the age range of 0-3 months who ...
Wu Shu-I - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this study was to validate the Mandarin Chinese version of different screening instruments and compare their performances for identifying hazardous drinkers in Taiwan. METHODS: We compared the performance of the Mandarin Chinese versions of AUDIT, AUDIT-C (AUDIT items 1, 2 and 3), AUDIT-4 (AUDIT items 1, ...
Green K - - 2008
This paper reviews the evidence regarding whether a standardised examination in the newborn period can improve infant health. The review considers aspects of delivering such a service from timing and number of examinations through to who should perform examinations, and whether evidence supports current practice. Infants at higher risk of ...
Stehel Elizabeth K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to determine the frequency of congenital cytomegalovirus infection among newborns who did not pass hearing screening tests or had confirmed hearing loss and to determine how often abnormal hearing screening results were the only manifestation of congenital cytomegalovirus infection. METHODS: Retrospective chart review was performed for ...
Holland Scott K - - 2008
Functional MRI (fMRI) performed in infants with congenital hearing loss provides evidence that auditory language stimulation produces activation of the central auditory system in the brain. Babies are normally sedated for clinical MRI scans. With IRB approval we have added a 10 minute fMRI scanning procedure to clinically indicated MRI ...
Lian Wee Bin - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: External ear abnormalities accompany many syndromes and genetic conditions. Yet, there are currently limited Asian references and no local norms for ear measurements and definitions for "low-set ears". The authors therefore describe ear measurements in a Singapore newborn population and seek to establish the applicability of the general accepted ...
Olusanya B O - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and effectiveness of hospital-based universal newborn hearing screening programme for the early detection of permanent congenital or early-onset hearing loss (PCEHL) in Lagos, Nigeria. METHODS: A cross-sectional pilot study based on a two-stage universal newborn hearing screening by non-specialist health workers using transient evoked otoacoustic ...
Munck Anne - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To describe optimization of a nationwide newborn screening program for cystic fibrosis (CF) that combines an immunoreactive trypsinogen (IRT) assay and DNA mutation analysis in dried blood samples at day 3. STUDY DESIGN: Data from regional screening laboratories and CF care centers were centralized and periodically analyzed to allow ...
Tamayo Marta L - - 2008
A screening program to detect Waardenburg syndrome (WS) conducted between 2002 and 2005, among 1,763 deaf individuals throughout Columbia identified 95 affected individuals belonging to 95 families, giving a frequency of 5.38% of WS among the institutionalized deaf population. We confirmed the clinical diagnosis of WS in the 95 propositi ...
Petko Colin - - 2008
The diagnosis of congenital long-QT syndrome (LQTS) in the relatives (nonprobands) of index patients (probands) is increasing because of screening. This report documents the clinical courses and outcomes of nonproband pediatric patients with LQTS. All patients aged <18 years with LQTS were identified at 3 pediatric centers. Demographic data, personal ...
Waisbren Susan E - - 2008
Family physicians treat an increasing number of children with metabolic disorders identified through newborn screening, and they are often the first line of defense in responding to an abnormal screening result. How the family physician chooses to interpret information from the screening and what he or she chooses to tell ...
von Hapsburg Deborah - - 2008
PURPOSE: According to the frames then content (f/c) hypothesis (P. F. MacNeilage & B. L. Davis, 1990), the internal structure of syllables with consonant plus vowel structure (CV) during canonical babbling is determined primarily by production system properties related to rhythmic mandibular oscillations (motor frames). The purpose of this study ...
Tsui P W Y - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Universal infant hearing screening using otoacoustic emission and auditory brain-stem response audiometry is widely administered to attain the goals of early identification of, and intervention for hearing impairment. Concerns regarding screening specificity have, however, been raised. False positives may result from vernix occlusion in the ear canal or transient ...
Harrison C M - - 2008
Premature infants are at significant risk of reduced bone mineral content (BMC) and subsequent osteopenia. There are currently no standard practices regarding screening, investigation or treatment of this condition. We present a case report and findings of a national survey of 36 level 2 and 3 neonatal units (72% response ...
Limperopoulos Catherine C Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. - - 2008
The survival of very low birth weight infants has increased markedly in recent years. Unfortunately, the prevalence of significant and lifelong motor, cognitive, and behavioral dysfunction has remained a major problem confronting these children. The objective of this study was to perform screening tests for early autistic features in children ...
Swanepoel, D W; ;
Infant hearing screening has become increasingly widespread as research evidence a dramatic benefit when early identification of hearing loss occurs before six-months of age. The Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA) has recently published a hearing screening position statement recommending infant hearing screening in three contexts: the well-baby nursery, ...
Meberg Alf - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of first day of life pulse oximetry screening to detect congenital heart defects (CHDs). STUDY DESIGN: We performed a population-based prospective multicenter study of postductal (foot) arterial oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) in apparently healthy newborns after transfer from the delivery suite to the nursery. SpO(2) < ...
Nuysink Jacqueline - - 2008
Asymmetry in infancy is a clinical condition with a wide variation in appearances (shape, posture, and movement), etiology, localization, and severity. The prevalence of an asymmetric positional preference is 12% of all newborns during the first six months of life. The asymmetry is either idiopathic or symptomatic. Pediatricians and physiotherapists ...
Vohr Betty R - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there was increased stress and impact on the family for mothers of infants whose screening results and subsequent diagnostic findings indicated hearing loss (HL) and mothers of infants with a positive screening result who subsequently pass the rescreening (false-positive group), compared with mothers of infants who ...
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