Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1396
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Zaputovic Sanja - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate, in a prospective study, the incidence of homozygotes and heterozygotes of the 35delG/GJB2 mutation for connexin 26 in the low-risk population of newborns undergoing two-stage universal neonatal hearing screening (UNHS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 1048 neonates born at the Department of Obstetrics and ...
Giusti Robert - - 2008
During the first 4 years of newborn screening (NBS) for Cystic Fibrosis (CF) in New York there was a statistically significant, twofold greater relative risk of an Immunoreactive Trypsinogen (IRT) level greater than 95% in African-American infants. The reason for this previously reported increase in IRT level in African-American infants ...
Benito-Orejas J I - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Both transitory auditory otoemissions (TEOAE) and automated auditory brainstem responses (AABR) are considered adequate methods for universal hearing screening. The goal of this study was to compare the results obtained with each device, applying the same screening procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2001 to 2003, all the newborns in ...
Stein-Zamir Chen - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Early detection, diagnosis and treatment of developmental dysplasia/dislocation of hip (DDH) are essential in preventing further disability and quality of life impairment in children. DDH risk markers and association between the age of clinical screening and outcome, were evaluated. METHODS: Clinical screening at ages birth, 6 and 13 weeks ...
Finne Per Haavwardsholm - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Screening of newborn infants for congenital hip dysplasia may be done by clinical examination, ultrasound, or radiography--or a combination of these. Studies that have used clinical examination followed by ultrasound imaging for infants with certain risk factors have shown excellent results, but they were performed by very ...
Gunay C - - 2009
Ultrasonography has become accepted as a useful imaging modality in the early detection of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which ultrasonographic measurements of femoral head coverage correspond to the categories of hip maturity defined by Graf's angle alpha. ...
Odunvbun M E - - 2008
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most common genetic disorder to affect Blacks. The mortality rate associated with SCD has remained high despite the use of appropriate interventions to manage the various forms of crisis. In developed countries, newborn screening programmes are conducted routinely, which has resulted in a reduction ...
Bansal Sandeep - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To formulate a protocol for infant hearing screening in developing countries enabling it to be later incorporated into their national deafness screening programs. The screening tool should be sensitive in detecting hearing loss in infants with high specificity. METHODS: 2659 infants in the age range of 0-3 months who ...
Wu Shu-I - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this study was to validate the Mandarin Chinese version of different screening instruments and compare their performances for identifying hazardous drinkers in Taiwan. METHODS: We compared the performance of the Mandarin Chinese versions of AUDIT, AUDIT-C (AUDIT items 1, 2 and 3), AUDIT-4 (AUDIT items 1, ...
Green K - - 2008
This paper reviews the evidence regarding whether a standardised examination in the newborn period can improve infant health. The review considers aspects of delivering such a service from timing and number of examinations through to who should perform examinations, and whether evidence supports current practice. Infants at higher risk of ...
Stehel Elizabeth K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to determine the frequency of congenital cytomegalovirus infection among newborns who did not pass hearing screening tests or had confirmed hearing loss and to determine how often abnormal hearing screening results were the only manifestation of congenital cytomegalovirus infection. METHODS: Retrospective chart review was performed for ...
Holland Scott K - - 2008
Functional MRI (fMRI) performed in infants with congenital hearing loss provides evidence that auditory language stimulation produces activation of the central auditory system in the brain. Babies are normally sedated for clinical MRI scans. With IRB approval we have added a 10 minute fMRI scanning procedure to clinically indicated MRI ...
Lian Wee Bin - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: External ear abnormalities accompany many syndromes and genetic conditions. Yet, there are currently limited Asian references and no local norms for ear measurements and definitions for "low-set ears". The authors therefore describe ear measurements in a Singapore newborn population and seek to establish the applicability of the general accepted ...
Olusanya B O - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and effectiveness of hospital-based universal newborn hearing screening programme for the early detection of permanent congenital or early-onset hearing loss (PCEHL) in Lagos, Nigeria. METHODS: A cross-sectional pilot study based on a two-stage universal newborn hearing screening by non-specialist health workers using transient evoked otoacoustic ...
Munck Anne - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To describe optimization of a nationwide newborn screening program for cystic fibrosis (CF) that combines an immunoreactive trypsinogen (IRT) assay and DNA mutation analysis in dried blood samples at day 3. STUDY DESIGN: Data from regional screening laboratories and CF care centers were centralized and periodically analyzed to allow ...
Tamayo Marta L - - 2008
A screening program to detect Waardenburg syndrome (WS) conducted between 2002 and 2005, among 1,763 deaf individuals throughout Columbia identified 95 affected individuals belonging to 95 families, giving a frequency of 5.38% of WS among the institutionalized deaf population. We confirmed the clinical diagnosis of WS in the 95 propositi ...
Petko Colin - - 2008
The diagnosis of congenital long-QT syndrome (LQTS) in the relatives (nonprobands) of index patients (probands) is increasing because of screening. This report documents the clinical courses and outcomes of nonproband pediatric patients with LQTS. All patients aged <18 years with LQTS were identified at 3 pediatric centers. Demographic data, personal ...
Waisbren Susan E - - 2008
Family physicians treat an increasing number of children with metabolic disorders identified through newborn screening, and they are often the first line of defense in responding to an abnormal screening result. How the family physician chooses to interpret information from the screening and what he or she chooses to tell ...
von Hapsburg Deborah - - 2008
PURPOSE: According to the frames then content (f/c) hypothesis (P. F. MacNeilage & B. L. Davis, 1990), the internal structure of syllables with consonant plus vowel structure (CV) during canonical babbling is determined primarily by production system properties related to rhythmic mandibular oscillations (motor frames). The purpose of this study ...
Tsui P W Y - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Universal infant hearing screening using otoacoustic emission and auditory brain-stem response audiometry is widely administered to attain the goals of early identification of, and intervention for hearing impairment. Concerns regarding screening specificity have, however, been raised. False positives may result from vernix occlusion in the ear canal or transient ...
Harrison C M - - 2008
Premature infants are at significant risk of reduced bone mineral content (BMC) and subsequent osteopenia. There are currently no standard practices regarding screening, investigation or treatment of this condition. We present a case report and findings of a national survey of 36 level 2 and 3 neonatal units (72% response ...
Limperopoulos Catherine - - 2008
The survival of very low birth weight infants has increased markedly in recent years. Unfortunately, the prevalence of significant and lifelong motor, cognitive, and behavioral dysfunction has remained a major problem confronting these children. The objective of this study was to perform screening tests for early autistic features in children ...
Swanepoel, D W; ;
Infant hearing screening has become increasingly widespread as research evidence a dramatic benefit when early identification of hearing loss occurs before six-months of age. The Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA) has recently published a hearing screening position statement recommending infant hearing screening in three contexts: the well-baby nursery, ...
Meberg Alf - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of first day of life pulse oximetry screening to detect congenital heart defects (CHDs). STUDY DESIGN: We performed a population-based prospective multicenter study of postductal (foot) arterial oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) in apparently healthy newborns after transfer from the delivery suite to the nursery. SpO(2) < ...
Nuysink Jacqueline - - 2008
Asymmetry in infancy is a clinical condition with a wide variation in appearances (shape, posture, and movement), etiology, localization, and severity. The prevalence of an asymmetric positional preference is 12% of all newborns during the first six months of life. The asymmetry is either idiopathic or symptomatic. Pediatricians and physiotherapists ...
Vohr Betty R - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there was increased stress and impact on the family for mothers of infants whose screening results and subsequent diagnostic findings indicated hearing loss (HL) and mothers of infants with a positive screening result who subsequently pass the rescreening (false-positive group), compared with mothers of infants who ...
Fukushima Kunihiro - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Newborn hearing screening was started in Okayama Prefecture in 2001 as part of a nationwide pilot study in Japan. Nearly 50,000 infants have been screened to date, and an observational study and more than 2 years of follow-up of this population are described in this report. METHODS: Between June ...
Boo N Y - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: This study was designed to compare the sensitivity and specificity of detecting sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) using the transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions (OAE) machine (the Madsen TE Echoscreen) and automated auditory brainstem response (AABR) machine (the Sabre Compac portable AABR) in term neonates exposed to severe hyperbilirubinaemia. METHODS: This was ...
Finnbogason T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Discrepancy between neonatal hip morphology and stability has been reported in the literature. Comparative ultrasound studies on this issue are limited. PURPOSE: To compare neonatal hip instability, as assessed by dynamic ultrasound and clinical examination, with acetabular morphology, as assessed by Graf's method. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 536 newborn infants ...
Nichols Matthew J - - 2008
Medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MCADD) is one of the most common fatty acid oxidation disorders. A subpopulation of children with MCADD present with metabolic crisis induced by fasting or illness, become lethargic, and can experience seizures or coma, culminating in a 20% mortality rate during the first episode. The ...
Zhang Vicky W - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated an alternative transient evoked otoacoustic emissions method for screening hearing in newborn babies that may reduce the referral rate of initial screening. METHODS: A total of 1,033 neonates (2,066 ears) from two hospitals were recruited. Subjects had their hearing screened in both ears using a combined ...
Kapicioglu M I Safa - - 2008
Because not all infants can be screened for DDH by experts, early diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) by primary health care professionals is important. We developed a broadband electroacoustic sound transmission-detection (sonospectrography) system and explored its utility in 22 patients (average age, 5.9 years; range, 0.3-14 years) ...
O'Keefe Michael - - 2008
The CRYO-ROP study confirmed the success of treatment for ROP and made screening mandatory. National based screening has been influenced by the varied incidence of disease in developed and developing countries. Most ophthalmologists in developed countries screen infants born between 1000 and 1500 g and between 28 and 31 weeks ...
Meberg Alf - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare strategies with and without first-day of life pulse oximetry screening to detect critical congenital heart defects (CCHDs). STUDY DESIGN: Population based study including all live born infants in Norway in 2005 and 2006 (n = 116 057). Postductal (foot) arterial oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) was measured in apparently ...
Liu Chia-ling - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work was to examine loss to follow-up on the use of diagnostic or intervention services for Massachusetts infants and children screened or diagnosed with hearing loss and risk factors for becoming lost to follow-up. METHODS: We used data from the Massachusetts Childhood Hearing Data System ...
M. AL-Harbi
This study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of hearing impairment in at risk newborns hospitalized at the intensive and intermediate care neonatal unit. Also to correlate the results of ABR and TEOAE for hearing screening of newborns. One hundred and five newborns with risk factors for hearing impairment ...
Krumm Mark - - 2008
Distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) and automated auditory brainstem response (AABR) screening were conducted in infants at a distant hospital using remote computing. Eighteen males and twelve females ranging in age from 11-45 days were tested. Both DPOAE and AABR data were recorded using an integrated test system which was ...
Swanepoel DeWet - - 2008
Parental knowledge and attitudes regarding infant hearing loss are crucial to the successful implementation of EHDI programs, especially in developing countries where concerns have been raised of cultural-based ignorance and resistance towards childhood disabilities. This study investigated maternal knowledge and attitudes amongst 100 South African mothers accessing the public healthcare ...
Treiber Milena - - 2008
AIM: Ultrasound imaging has become an accepted tool for accurate diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and for its management. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the results of the general neonatal hip screening program in Maribor between 1997 and 2005 in comparison with earlier ...
Gruñieiro-Papendieck Laura - - 2008
AIM: To report the experience of the neonatal screening program for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) carried out in Buenos Aires, Argentina, from 1997 to 2006. POPULATION AND METHODS: 17-Hydroxyprogesterone (17OHP) was measured with an immunofluorometric assay in filter paper blood samples collected at neonatal maternity discharge. Filter paper blood levels ...
Storbeck Claudine - - 2008
Since little information is available on the outcome of early hearing intervention programs in South Africa, this article examines data on infants and families registered with a family-centred, home-based intervention program (HI HOPES) over a 12-month period in order to track the effectiveness of the holistic unbiased support to families ...
Ribeiro Flávia Martins - - 2008
This study was designed to investigate the feasibility of applying tone-ABRs in the nursery and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), and to provide normative tone-ABR data from neonates. Normative tone-ABR latency data were determined. The study obtained intensity series of tone-ABRs from thirty preterm neonates and twenty full-term neonates who ...
Williams Gavin J - - 2008
This protocol details the application of a high-throughput fluorescence-based screen, in conjunction with error-prone PCR/saturation mutagenesis, for altering the proficiency and/or promiscuity of a secondary metabolite glycosyltransferase (GT) via directed evolution. Given the structural and mechanistic similarities among secondary metabolite-associated GTs, this approach may provide a template for engineering other ...
Ekelund Charlotte K - - 2008
To evaluate the impact of a screening strategy in the first trimester, introduced in Denmark during 2004-6, on the number of infants born with Down's syndrome and the number of chorionic villus samplings and amniocenteses, and to determine detection and false positive rates in the screened population in 2005 and ...
Swadpanich Ussanee - - 2008
Preterm birth is birth before 37 weeks' gestation. Genital tract infection is one of the causes of preterm birth. Infection screening during pregnancy has been used to reduce preterm birth. However, infection screening may have some adverse effects, e.g. increased antibiotic drug resistance, increased costs of treatment. To assess the ...
Nagulić M - - 2007
Since the introduction of non-invasive imaging techniques (CT, US, MRI), super selective cerebrospinal angiography has been playing a major role as a diagnostic tool as well as a therapeutic procedure prior to surgery or as an alternative. Surgical neuroangiography is currently a well-established therapeutic technique in neuropediatrics even in newborns ...
Arnold Georgianne L - - 2008
3-MCC deficiency is among the most common inborn errors of metabolism identified on expanded newborn screening (1:36,000 births). However, evidence-based guidelines for diagnosis and management of this disorder are lacking. Using the traditional Delphi method, a panel of 15 experts in inborn errors of metabolism was convened to develop consensus-based ...
Puck Jennifer M - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Severe combined immunodeficiency has been identified as a high-priority disease for inclusion in population-based newborn screening programs. In this review, the justification, advances to date and remaining challenges for universal severe combined immunodeficiency screening are outlined. RECENT FINDINGS: Severe combined immunodeficiency is treatable by hematopoietic stem cell ...
Kemper Alex R - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To illustrate potential risks and benefits of disease screening for newborns using the example of Duchenne muscular dystrophy. RECENT FINDINGS: There is a wide range in the reported positive predictive value for screening male newborns for Duchenne muscular dystrophy by the creatine kinase level on dried blood ...
Nepal A - - 2007
The objective of this study was to assess the extent of conductive hearing loss in relation to different sizes and sites of simple central tympanic membrane perforations. Total 100 cases attending ENT OPD, BPKIHS during period of April 2003 to Mar 2004 without any discrimination of sex, race and religion ...
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