Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1395
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Korres S G - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Over 5 years, 68,472 newborns were screened through a newly implemented universal newborn hearing screening program. In 15 cases, atresia of the external ear canal was found. The aim of this study was to estimate the hearing status of these newborns using transiently evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) and auditory ...
Cao Y - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To estimate provincial, regional and national newborn screening coverage throughout China. METHOD: Information about newborn screening was collected using a survey questionnaire from neonatal screening laboratories in China in 2006-2007. The total number of live births at the provincial and national levels was obtained from the Maternal and Child ...
Sun Xiaoming - - 2009
BACKGROUND: An effective, systematic program of screening, diagnosis and intervention against hearing loss in infants could help them avoid developmental impediments and could help society stem preventable healthcare burdens. We assessed the feasibility and outcomes of a new public health universal newborn hearing screening program (UNHSP) for neonates born in ...
de-Wahl Granelli Anne - - 2009
To evaluate the use of pulse oximetry to screen for early detection of life threatening congenital heart disease. Prospective screening study with a new generation pulse oximeter before discharge from well baby nurseries in West Götaland. Cohort study comparing the detection rate of duct dependent circulation in West Götaland with ...
Garcia Michele Vargas - - 2009
Audiological evaluation in infants should include the middle ear (immitance measures and otoscopy) and also a cochlear evaluation. AIM: To check which tympanometry tone test (226 Hz or 1000 Hz), transient otoacoustic emissions and otoscopy. METHODS: Transient otoacoustic emissions were taken from sixty infants ranging from zero to four months ...
Olusanya Bolajoko O - - 2009
Universal newborn hearing screening is now considered an essential public health care for the early detection of disabling life-long childhood hearing impairment globally. However, like any health interventions in early childhood, parental support and participation is essential for achieving satisfactory uptake of services. This study set out to determine maternal/infant ...
Padilla Carmencita David - - 2008
Galactosemia is an inborn error of galactose metabolism, caused by an abnormality in the conversion of galactose and uridine diphosphoglucose to glucose-1-phosphate and uridine diphosphogalactose through the action of 3 sequential enzymes: galactokinase (GALK), galactose- 1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT), and uridine phosphogalactose 4-epimerase (GALE). The advent of newborn screening brought hope ...
Christensen Mathew - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Children's language and developmental delays can result from a late diagnosis of hearing loss. To improve population-based prevention efforts to reduce such delays, Colorado's early hearing detection and intervention program examined the determinants of receiving timely newborn hearing screening to better support early identification and treatment of hearing loss. ...
Padilla Carmencita David - - 2008
Newborn Screening is a well recognised public health programme aimed at the early identification of infants who are affected by certain genetic/metabolic/infectious conditions. Early identification of these conditions is particularly crucial, since timely intervention can lead to a significant reduced morbidity, mortality, and associated disabilities in affected infants. Establishing sustainable ...
Hayes Deborah - - 2008
Infants begin to learn language in the earliest months of life. In the absence of early identification and intervention, infants who are deaf or hard-of-hearing experience significant and lasting deficits in language learning, academic achievement, social-emotional development, and quality of life. Evidence is mounting that early identification of infants who ...
Lee Jiun - - 2008
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is an intriguing condition that evolves during infancy. It would be thus foolhardy to expect a screening tool at birth to be both highly sensitive and specific. Uncertainty regarding an optimal screening method is compounded by a general lack of sound epidemiological data. Clinical ...
Gu Xuefan - - 2008
This study was to investigate the current status of neonatal screening in China, to further clarify the incidences of hyperphenylalaninemia (HPA) and congenital hypothyroidism (CH). From 2000 to 2007, a total of 17,961,826 newborns had been screened for HPA and 1527 cases were detected, giving a HPA prevalence of 1:11,763. ...
Hasan Mizanul - - 2008
Newborn screening started in Bangladesh in 1999. The programme started as part of a regional project of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to screen for congenital hypothyroidism (CH). In the beginning the IAEA helped the country with equipment, filter papers, reagents, training and expert services. Since 1999, 2 pilot ...
Soultan Zafer N - - 2008
The reference ranges for sweat [C1(-)] were reevaluated in 300 infants referred to our Center as carriers of at least 1 cystic fibrosis mutation identified through newborn screening. The recommended borderline range of 30 to 59 mmol/L failed to identify all individuals who were compound heterozygotes. Our data support using ...
Bower Charles M - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Infant hearing screening has progressed markedly over the past year. Although uncommon in the past, now almost 95% of infants in the United States are screened for hearing loss. Recent literature has expanded on several important components of hearing screening. RECENT FINDINGS: A major revision of the ...
Lee Hyo Sook - - 2008
Our goal was to determine the effectiveness of using the auditory steady state response (ASSR) as a measure of hearing thresholds in infants who are suspected of having significant hearing loss, as compared with using the click-auditory brainstem response (C-ABR). We retrospectively analyzed the audiologic profiles of 76 infants (46 ...
Olusanya B O - - 2008
To determine the feasibility and effectiveness of a community-based universal infant hearing screening programme for detecting permanent congenital and early-onset hearing loss (PCEHL) in Lagos, Nigeria. This is a cross-sectional study in which all infants aged 3 months or under attending four bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) immunization clinics accounting for over ...
Iyer Suneeti Nathani SN Department of Communication Sciences and Special Education, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA. - - 2008
Little research has been conducted on the development of suprasegmental characteristics of vocalizations in typically developing infants (TDI) and the role of audition in the development of these characteristics. The purpose of the present study was to examine the longitudinal development of fundamental frequency (F(0)) in eight TDI and eight ...
Spivak Lynn - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine the extent to which the goal of hearing aid fitting by 6 months of age is being achieved and to identify barriers to achieving that goal. METHOD: Screening and follow-up records from 114,121 infants born at 6 hospitals were collected over a 6-year period. Infants diagnosed with ...
Moeller Mary Pat - - 2009
To examine the consistency of hearing aid use by infants. A goal was to identify maternal, child, and situational factors that affected consistency of device use. Maternal interviews were conducted using a nonvalidated structured interview (Amplification in Daily Life Questionnaire) that included 5-point Likert scale items and open-ended questions. Participants ...
Cristobal R - - 2008
An association between birth weight <1500 g (very low birth weight (VLBW)) and hearing loss has been long recognised. As universal hearing screening programmes have become widely implemented and the survival rate of VLBW babies in modern intensive care units has increased, we have gained a substantially better understanding of ...
Soardi Fernanda Caroline - - 2008
Steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD) accounts for more than 90% of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. CAH newborn screening, in general, is based on 17-hydroxyprogesterone dosage (17-OHP), however it is complicated by the fact that healthy preterm infants have high levels of 17-OHP resulting in false positive cases. We report on molecular features ...
Moleti Arturo - - 2008
The latency of transient evoked otoacoustic emissions has been evaluated in a sample of 58 ears from 34 preterm neonates, to understand if the estimates of cochlear tuning based on the otoacoustic emission latency show signs of developmental changes. A previous study on the same otoacoustic emissions analyzed here [Tognola ...
McKay Karen - - 2008
Comprehensive newborn screening for cystic fibrosis has occurred for more than 25 years in some regions and the results of randomised controlled trials reporting the outcomes have been published. Testing protocols for CF have recently been reviewed and the sensitivity and specificity of these protocols are high. In spite of ...
Mayell S J - - 2009
Screening newborns for cystic fibrosis (CF) is considered to be an ethical undertaking in regions with a significant incidence of the condition. Current screening protocols result in recognition of infants with an equivocal diagnosis. A survey of European practice suggested inconsistencies in the evaluation and management of these infants. We ...
Eberly Matthew D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of the revised guidelines on incidence of neonatal early-onset group B streptococcal disease (EoGBS) via retrospective analysis of births in a military population. METHODS: Information from records of all live births within military hospitals from 1993 to 2007 was obtained. The data were divided into ...
van der Stelt Jeannette M - - 2008
The influence of the mother tongue on vowel productions in infancy is different for deaf and hearing babies. Audio material of five hearing and five deaf infants acquiring Dutch was collected monthly from month 5-18, and at 24 months. Fifty unlabelled utterances were digitized for each recording. This study focused ...
Roth Daphne Ari-Even - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Our goals were to (1) study the prevalence of hearing impairment in a large cohort of infants with preauricular skin tags or ear pits and compare it with that among all other newborns participating in our universal newborn hearing screening program during the same period and (2) evaluate the ...
Zarina A L - - 2008
Newborn screening for congenital hypothyroidism (CH) was implemented in Hospital UKM in December 2004 using cord blood sample. From the audit over a period of 25 months, a total of 13,875 newborn babies were screened with a coverage of 98.8%. From this cohort, the mean recall rate was 0.32%; unfortunately ...
Asma A - - 2008
The importance of universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) in identifying hearing-impaired infants as early as possible is already well recognized. Transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE) have been established as a reliable method for UNHS in full term infants. This is a cross sectional study between April 2003--December 2005. Thirteen thousand ...
Saul Robert A - - 2008
PURPOSE: Fragile X syndrome is the most common form of hereditary intellectual disability. Detection of the fragile X phenotype in the prepubertal period is very difficult, and early detection might assist in early developmental intervention and reproductive counseling. A pilot study was conducted to establish the feasibility of newborn screening ...
Martínez-Cruz Carlos Fabián - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Infants from neonatal intensive care units (NICU) are at high risk for sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL); however, risk factors may change from NICU to NICU and from country to country. Our objective was to describe the main causes associated with SNHL in infants from a tertiary level NICU in ...
Katbamna Bharti - - 2008
This article describes the current standard for infant hearing loss identification and intervention. Since the standard of care was driven by the recommendations made by the Joint Committee on Infant Hearing, a summary of the most recent recommendations is provided, followed by illustrative case studies that highlight how implementation of ...
Grasso D L - - 2008
Sensorineural hearing loss is one of the most common congenital abnormalities in infants and it affects approximately one to two neonates in every 1000 births. Early identification of hearing loss in the newborn is the first step for a successful rehabilitation programme. The introduction of Otoacoustic Emission responses as a ...
- - 2008
Universal newborn screening for selected metabolic, endocrine, hematologic, and functional disorders is a well-established practice of state public health programs. Recent developments in tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS), which is now capable of multi-analyte analysis in a high throughput capacity, has enabled newborn screening to include many more disorders detectable from ...
Yoo B K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cost effectiveness of newborn screening for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) in the U.S. newborn population. METHODS: We constructed a decision model to estimate the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of CAH screening compared to a strategy of no screening. Two types of cost effectiveness analyses (CEA) were ...
Verbeeck Jannick - - 2008
Since auditory disability causes serious problems in the development of speech and in the total development of a child, it is crucial to diagnose possible hearing impairment as soon as possible after birth. This study evaluates the neonatal hearing screening program in Flanders, Belgium. The auditory ability of 118,438 babies ...
Chen Judy L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The high incidence of conductive hearing loss from serous effusion in patients with cleft palate is well known. This study investigates the results and interpretation of newborn hearing screening in infants with cleft palates. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort review. PATIENTS: One hundred fourteen newborns with cleft palate, with or ...
Rydzak Chara E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Syphilis continues to be an important public health problem among pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa with prevalence rates as high as 17%. Pregnant women are a critical population to screen to prevent the devastating consequences of infection to their unborn children. Although screening and appropriate treatment of infected pregnant ...
Minihane Keith P - - 2008
Infants with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) are at increased risk for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), which has led to increased use of diagnostic procedures. Our goal in this study was to establish indications for imaging the hips of infants presenting with CMT. We reviewed the cases of 292 ...
Zagólski Olaf - - 2008
The ototoxic action of systemic therapy with aminoglycosides, used in vital infections in infants, is well recognized. Nevertheless, the routine examination of the infants' inner ear does not include vestibular tests. The purpose of the study was to evaluate vestibular function in a group of infants before and after administration ...
Abdala Carolina - - 2008
To describe and define changes in the infant DP-gram during an age continuum from the preterm period through the first 6 mo of postnatal life. This information provides normative guidelines for audiologists or hearing screeners using DPOAEs to monitor infant hearing status. In this retrospective study, 2f1 - f2 DP-grams ...
Hatzopoulos S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To identify the optimal test protocol to screen for hearing problems in newborns, an evaluation of three distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) protocols was conducted in neonates, from a well-baby nursery (WBN) and from a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and compared to the performance in newborns of a ...
Spliethoff Henry M - - 2008
Temporal biomonitoring studies can assess changes in population exposures to contaminants, but collection of biological specimens with adequate representation and sufficient temporal resolution can be resource-intensive. Newborn Screening Programs (NSPs) collect blood as dried spots on filter paper from nearly all infants born in the United States (U.S.). In this ...
Nelson Heidi D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This review is an update for the US Preventive Services Task Force on universal newborn hearing screening to detect moderate-to-severe permanent, bilateral congenital hearing loss. We focus on 3 key questions: (1) Among infants identified by universal screening who would not be identified by targeted screening, does initiating treatment ...
Hopkins Robert B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: In this article, we compared the costs of testing meconium for alcohol exposure in newborns with the lifetime benefits of early detection and intervention. METHOD: A decision analytic model was developed to assess the cost-effectiveness of testing meconium for two scenarios: (1) all infants in the Canadian province of ...
Khaimook Wandee - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Determine the prevalence and risk factor of neonatal hearing loss in the high-risk group. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A prospective descriptive study, using the criteria of "high-risk" as defined by the Joint Committee of Infant Hearing 1994, American Academy of Pediatrics, 465 newborn in Songklanagarind Hospital were screened with portable ...
Schimmenti Lisa A - - 2008
PURPOSE: Previous studies of connexin-related hearing loss have typically reported on mixed age groups or adults. To further address epidemiology and natural history of connexin-related hearing loss, we conducted a longitudinal study in an ethnically diverse cohort of infants and toddlers under 3 years of age. Our study compares infants ...
Feniman Mariza Ribeiro - - 2008
The first two years of life are critical for the acquisition and development of hearing and speaking skills. AIM: This prospective study aims to verify the performance of infants with cleft lip and palate (CLP) with and without risk factors for hearing (RFH) in the verbal recognition test (VRT). MATERIAL ...
Zaputovic Sanja - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate, in a prospective study, the incidence of homozygotes and heterozygotes of the 35delG/GJB2 mutation for connexin 26 in the low-risk population of newborns undergoing two-stage universal neonatal hearing screening (UNHS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 1048 neonates born at the Department of Obstetrics and ...
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