Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1419
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Baker Mei W - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is characterized by the absence of functional T cells and B cells. Without early diagnosis and treatment, infants with SCID die from severe infections within the first year of life. OBJECTIVE: To determined the feasibility of detecting SCID in newborns by quantitating T-cell receptor excision ...
Cavarzere Paolo - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Neonatal screening for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is characterized by a high false-positive rate, mainly among preterm and low birth weight infants. The aims of this study were to describe a subgroup of infants with transient serum hyper-17-hydroxyprogesteronemia (hyper-17-OHPemia) and to compare them with false positive and affected by ...
Sanyelbhaa Talaat Hossam - - 2009
Auditory neuropathy is a challenging disorder and needs special habilitative/rehabilitative approach. This study aimed to detect its prevalence among infants and young children with severe to profound hearing loss. 112 infants and young children with age ranged 6-32 months were examined and diagnosed as having severe to profound hearing loss ...
O'Grady M J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the current approach to screen for developmental dysplasia of the hip in the Republic of Ireland. METHODS: Two-pronged prospective and retrospective study. (1) Postal questionnaire to consultant paediatricians responsible for the routine neonatal care of infants in the Irish Republic in June 2006. (2) Retrospective database review ...
Colozza Patrícia - - 2009
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Infant hearing deficiency is a human disorder with devastating effects and serious implications for the development of speech and language. Early diagnosis of hearing loss should be the objective of a multidisciplinary team, and early-intervention programs should immediately follow this. The aim of this study was to ...
Paton R W - - 2009
In a prospective study over 11 years we assessed the relationship between neonatal deformities of the foot and the presence of ultrasonographic developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Between 1 January 1996 and 31 December 2006, 614 infants with deformities of the foot were referred for clinical and ultrasonographic evaluation. ...
Nyhan W L - - 2009
Expanded programmes of newborn screening permit early diagnosis in time to prevent serious complications. These programmes have begun to detect patients who might otherwise remain asymptomatic. An additional confounding variable is the positive screen that results from maternal rather than neonatal disease. This was the case in an infant in ...
Korzeniewski S J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To match Michigan birth and newborn screening records to identify and follow-up potentially unscreened infants, assess data quality, and demonstrate the utility of Link Plus linkage software for matching MCH related administrative datasets. METHODS: Birth and newborn screening records maintained by the Michigan Department of Community Health from January ...
Kaga Kimitaka - - 2009
CONCLUSION: We regard spontaneous otoacoustic emission (SOAE) as a unique phenomenon due to spontaneous outer hair cell hyperactivity during the infantile period in these two infants. OBJECTIVES: We report the cases of SOAEs in two infants, which were audible to their parents. We were able to hear continuous sounds from ...
Hicks Matthew - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To examine the conditions under which mothers would consent to alcohol and drug screening of their infants, and to identify predictors of screening consent. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered in person by trained research assistants on the postpartum units of three hospitals in a large Canadian urban centre ...
Lam Christa - - 2009
The acousticphonetic features of infant-directed speech (IDS) were measured during face-to-face interactions between mothers and their six-month-old normal hearing infants (N=32) using a setup in which the mother and infant are seated in separate rooms and interact over their respective video monitors. There were two sound conditions, (i) a hearing ...
Zack Elizabeth - - 2009
Infants learn less from a televised demonstration than from a live demonstration, the video deficit effect. The present study employs a novel approach, using touch screen technology to examine 15-month olds' transfer of learning. Infants were randomly assigned either to within-dimension (2D/2D or 3D/3D) or cross-dimension (3D/2D or 2D/3D) conditions. ...
Olusanya B O - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To evaluate three-year outcomes of a pilot community-based universal newborn/infant hearing screening programme (UNHS) and the associated factors in a low-income country where a high proportion of births occur outside hospitals. METHODS: A two-stage screening programme consisting of a first-stage transient evoked otoacoustic emissions and a second-stage automated auditory ...
Cordero L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine our experience with ANH and to determine the success of our postnatal follow-up program. STUDY DESIGN: Charts of mothers and infants seen (2004 to 2008) at our Regional Perinatal Center were reviewed retrospectively. ANH was defined during the third trimester by anterior pelvic diameters as follows: mild ...
Myers J - - 2009
Since September 1964, neonates born in New Plymouth have undergone clinical examination for instability of the hip in a structured clinical screening programme. Of the 41 563 babies born during this period, 1639 were diagnosed as having unstable hips and 663 (1.6%) with persisting instability were splinted, five of which ...
Norman Richard - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to investigate the cost-effectiveness of tandem mass spectrometry screening for the detection of inborn metabolic errors in an Australian setting. METHODS: Cost-effectiveness analysis from the health service perspective was undertaken on the basis of registry data for affected individuals. The intervention group was contrasted with both ...
Swanepoel DeWet - - 2009
Early hearing detection and intervention programs have become the standard of care to ensure optimal outcomes for infants with hearing loss, their families and society at large. The overwhelming majority of infants with congenital or early-onset permanent bilateral hearing loss are however born in developing countries like South Africa where ...
Jakubíková Janka - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: More than 80% of permanent hearing losses (HL) in children are congenital. Newborn hearing screening (NHS) is the best method for early detection of suspected hearing loss. If the NHS is not universal more than 30% permanent hearing losses are not identified. There are various methods of NHS: otoacoustic ...
Dauman René - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The focus of this report is hearing screening of newborns transferred from the regular nursery to a specialized area. The purpose of the study undertaken was: (1) to determine whether screening coverage in this population was achieved; (2) to establish whether the linkage between neonatal screening and the diagnostic ...
Chang Kay W - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Examination of neonatal hearing screening practices around the world suggests that more attention is placed on infants who fail bilaterally on their hearing screen than infants who refer (fail) in one ear. Some programmes only report bilateral failures as positive hearing screens. This study investigates how limitations of the ...
Bain B J - - 2009
Neonatal/newborn haemoglobinopathy screening is being performed in an increasing number of European countries since changing patterns of immigration have led to significant numbers of neonates at risk of sickle cell disease. The purpose of screening is to improve management of sickle cell disease through early parental education and the institution ...
Korres S G - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Over 5 years, 68,472 newborns were screened through a newly implemented universal newborn hearing screening program. In 15 cases, atresia of the external ear canal was found. The aim of this study was to estimate the hearing status of these newborns using transiently evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) and auditory ...
Cao Y - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To estimate provincial, regional and national newborn screening coverage throughout China. METHOD: Information about newborn screening was collected using a survey questionnaire from neonatal screening laboratories in China in 2006-2007. The total number of live births at the provincial and national levels was obtained from the Maternal and Child ...
Sun Xiaoming - - 2009
BACKGROUND: An effective, systematic program of screening, diagnosis and intervention against hearing loss in infants could help them avoid developmental impediments and could help society stem preventable healthcare burdens. We assessed the feasibility and outcomes of a new public health universal newborn hearing screening program (UNHSP) for neonates born in ...
de-Wahl Granelli Anne - - 2009
To evaluate the use of pulse oximetry to screen for early detection of life threatening congenital heart disease. Prospective screening study with a new generation pulse oximeter before discharge from well baby nurseries in West Götaland. Cohort study comparing the detection rate of duct dependent circulation in West Götaland with ...
Garcia Michele Vargas - - 2009
Audiological evaluation in infants should include the middle ear (immitance measures and otoscopy) and also a cochlear evaluation. AIM: To check which tympanometry tone test (226 Hz or 1000 Hz), transient otoacoustic emissions and otoscopy. METHODS: Transient otoacoustic emissions were taken from sixty infants ranging from zero to four months ...
Olusanya Bolajoko O - - 2009
Universal newborn hearing screening is now considered an essential public health care for the early detection of disabling life-long childhood hearing impairment globally. However, like any health interventions in early childhood, parental support and participation is essential for achieving satisfactory uptake of services. This study set out to determine maternal/infant ...
Noh Hyung Wook HW Graduate Program in Biomedical Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea. - - 2009
Hearing loss is one of the most common birth defects among infants. Most hearing-impaired children are not diagnosed until one to three years of age, which is too late to treat for normal speech and language development. If hearing impairment is identified and treated in its early stage, a child's ...
Padilla Carmencita David - - 2008
Galactosemia is an inborn error of galactose metabolism, caused by an abnormality in the conversion of galactose and uridine diphosphoglucose to glucose-1-phosphate and uridine diphosphogalactose through the action of 3 sequential enzymes: galactokinase (GALK), galactose- 1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT), and uridine phosphogalactose 4-epimerase (GALE). The advent of newborn screening brought hope ...
Christensen Mathew - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Children's language and developmental delays can result from a late diagnosis of hearing loss. To improve population-based prevention efforts to reduce such delays, Colorado's early hearing detection and intervention program examined the determinants of receiving timely newborn hearing screening to better support early identification and treatment of hearing loss. ...
Padilla Carmencita David - - 2008
Newborn Screening is a well recognised public health programme aimed at the early identification of infants who are affected by certain genetic/metabolic/infectious conditions. Early identification of these conditions is particularly crucial, since timely intervention can lead to a significant reduced morbidity, mortality, and associated disabilities in affected infants. Establishing sustainable ...
Hayes Deborah - - 2008
Infants begin to learn language in the earliest months of life. In the absence of early identification and intervention, infants who are deaf or hard-of-hearing experience significant and lasting deficits in language learning, academic achievement, social-emotional development, and quality of life. Evidence is mounting that early identification of infants who ...
Lee Jiun - - 2008
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is an intriguing condition that evolves during infancy. It would be thus foolhardy to expect a screening tool at birth to be both highly sensitive and specific. Uncertainty regarding an optimal screening method is compounded by a general lack of sound epidemiological data. Clinical ...
Gu Xuefan - - 2008
This study was to investigate the current status of neonatal screening in China, to further clarify the incidences of hyperphenylalaninemia (HPA) and congenital hypothyroidism (CH). From 2000 to 2007, a total of 17,961,826 newborns had been screened for HPA and 1527 cases were detected, giving a HPA prevalence of 1:11,763. ...
Hasan Mizanul - - 2008
Newborn screening started in Bangladesh in 1999. The programme started as part of a regional project of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to screen for congenital hypothyroidism (CH). In the beginning the IAEA helped the country with equipment, filter papers, reagents, training and expert services. Since 1999, 2 pilot ...
Soultan Zafer N - - 2008
The reference ranges for sweat [C1(-)] were reevaluated in 300 infants referred to our Center as carriers of at least 1 cystic fibrosis mutation identified through newborn screening. The recommended borderline range of 30 to 59 mmol/L failed to identify all individuals who were compound heterozygotes. Our data support using ...
Bower Charles M - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Infant hearing screening has progressed markedly over the past year. Although uncommon in the past, now almost 95% of infants in the United States are screened for hearing loss. Recent literature has expanded on several important components of hearing screening. RECENT FINDINGS: A major revision of the ...
Lee Hyo Sook - - 2008
Our goal was to determine the effectiveness of using the auditory steady state response (ASSR) as a measure of hearing thresholds in infants who are suspected of having significant hearing loss, as compared with using the click-auditory brainstem response (C-ABR). We retrospectively analyzed the audiologic profiles of 76 infants (46 ...
Olusanya B O - - 2008
To determine the feasibility and effectiveness of a community-based universal infant hearing screening programme for detecting permanent congenital and early-onset hearing loss (PCEHL) in Lagos, Nigeria. This is a cross-sectional study in which all infants aged 3 months or under attending four bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) immunization clinics accounting for over ...
Iyer Suneeti Nathani SN Department of Communication Sciences and Special Education, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA. - - 2008
Little research has been conducted on the development of suprasegmental characteristics of vocalizations in typically developing infants (TDI) and the role of audition in the development of these characteristics. The purpose of the present study was to examine the longitudinal development of fundamental frequency (F(0)) in eight TDI and eight ...
Spivak Lynn - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine the extent to which the goal of hearing aid fitting by 6 months of age is being achieved and to identify barriers to achieving that goal. METHOD: Screening and follow-up records from 114,121 infants born at 6 hospitals were collected over a 6-year period. Infants diagnosed with ...
Moeller Mary Pat MP Boys Town National Research Hospital, Omaha, NE, USA. - - 2009
To examine the consistency of hearing aid use by infants. A goal was to identify maternal, child, and situational factors that affected consistency of device use. Maternal interviews were conducted using a nonvalidated structured interview (Amplification in Daily Life Questionnaire) that included 5-point Likert scale items and open-ended questions. Participants ...
Cristobal R - - 2008
An association between birth weight <1500 g (very low birth weight (VLBW)) and hearing loss has been long recognised. As universal hearing screening programmes have become widely implemented and the survival rate of VLBW babies in modern intensive care units has increased, we have gained a substantially better understanding of ...
Soardi Fernanda Caroline - - 2008
Steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD) accounts for more than 90% of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. CAH newborn screening, in general, is based on 17-hydroxyprogesterone dosage (17-OHP), however it is complicated by the fact that healthy preterm infants have high levels of 17-OHP resulting in false positive cases. We report on molecular features ...
Moleti Arturo - - 2008
The latency of transient evoked otoacoustic emissions has been evaluated in a sample of 58 ears from 34 preterm neonates, to understand if the estimates of cochlear tuning based on the otoacoustic emission latency show signs of developmental changes. A previous study on the same otoacoustic emissions analyzed here [Tognola ...
McKay Karen - - 2008
Comprehensive newborn screening for cystic fibrosis has occurred for more than 25 years in some regions and the results of randomised controlled trials reporting the outcomes have been published. Testing protocols for CF have recently been reviewed and the sensitivity and specificity of these protocols are high. In spite of ...
Mayell S J - - 2009
Screening newborns for cystic fibrosis (CF) is considered to be an ethical undertaking in regions with a significant incidence of the condition. Current screening protocols result in recognition of infants with an equivocal diagnosis. A survey of European practice suggested inconsistencies in the evaluation and management of these infants. We ...
Eberly Matthew D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of the revised guidelines on incidence of neonatal early-onset group B streptococcal disease (EoGBS) via retrospective analysis of births in a military population. METHODS: Information from records of all live births within military hospitals from 1993 to 2007 was obtained. The data were divided into ...
van der Stelt Jeannette M - - 2008
The influence of the mother tongue on vowel productions in infancy is different for deaf and hearing babies. Audio material of five hearing and five deaf infants acquiring Dutch was collected monthly from month 5-18, and at 24 months. Fifty unlabelled utterances were digitized for each recording. This study focused ...
Roth Daphne Ari-Even - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Our goals were to (1) study the prevalence of hearing impairment in a large cohort of infants with preauricular skin tags or ear pits and compare it with that among all other newborns participating in our universal newborn hearing screening program during the same period and (2) evaluate the ...
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