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Results 101 - 150 of 1413
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Queiroz Valterlinda A O - - 2012
To investigate covariates that could affect the variation in mean length/age z scores in the first year of life of children born full term with normal birth weight. This was a prospective study of a cohort of mother-infant pairs recruited at public maternity units in two municipalities in the Brazilian ...
Metin Kıvanç - - 2012
Patent ductus arteriosus is a common congenital cardiac condition. Its importance is mostly underestimated and accepted as an "easy" heart disease. Physiological consequences of pulmonary overflow may cause severe mortality in premature neonates. Accurate timing of surgical intervention is essential to decrease the mortality in very low birth weight premature ...
Ma Jing-Qiu - - 2012
Recently, an infant and child feeding index (ICFI) constructed on brief recalls of breastfeeding, feeding frequency and food diversification was assumed to provide long-term prediction about child feeding practices. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the cross-sectional ICFI (CS-ICFI) or longitudinal ICFI (L-ICFI) and child ...
Fuschino Meghan E - - 2011
Non-polio enteroviruses are a common cause of childhood infections varying in symptomatology and severity. While infections with many of the enterovirus serotypes can be severe and even fatal, coxsackievirus A10 (CVA10) has most commonly been associated with more mild disease. Here we present the detection of CVA10 in multiple organ ...
Gidvani Monisha - - 2011
The aim of this study is to characterize the in utero presentation of the subtype of double-inlet left ventricle (DILV), a rare congenital heart disease, and assess the postnatal outcome. We retrospectively studied fetuses diagnosed prenatally with DILV between 2007 and 2011. We reviewed the prenatal and postnatal echocardiograms, clinical ...
Lingwood Barbara E - - 2011
Neonatal adiposity is a well-recognized complication of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). This study aimed to identify factors influencing adiposity in male and female infants of women treated for GDM. This was a prospective study of 84 women with GDM. Daily blood glucose levels (BGLs) were retrieved from glucose meters, and ...
Garcia Alejandro - - 2011
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support is often used to support infants and children with hemodynamic or respiratory failure. One of the major obstacles of safely treating a child with ECMO is balancing the risk of hemorrhage with the potential for thrombus development. Managing thrombosis in the setting of ECMO is ...
Wechselberger Gottfried - - 2011
Free flap reconstruction in infants is extremely rare. A seven-and-a-half-month-old male infant sustained an extensive soft tissue defect on his left knee caused by extravasation of an intraosseous arterenol infusion. A free latissimus dorsi flap was successfully performed for soft tissue reconstruction. Indications, advantages, and outcome of the procedure are ...
Simanca Erika - - 2011
: For craniofacial orthodontics and surgery to progress, accurate temporal evaluation of soft tissue and skeletal change with treatment is necessary. Evolution in three-dimensional imaging eliminates certain inherent challenges in making such measurements in infants with facial clefts. : The aim of this pilot study was to measure progressive three-dimensional ...
Curtis Scott - - 2011
From 1924 to 1948, developmental psychologist Arnold Gesell regularly used photographic and motion picture technologies to collect data on infant behavior. The film camera, he said, records behavior "in such coherent, authentic and measurable detail that ... the reaction patterns of infant and child become almost as tangible as tissue." ...
Thomas Jayakar - - 2011
Infantile haemangioma (IH) frequently requires no intervention. Eighty percent of IHs are focal and solitary. Fifteen percent of cutaneous haemangiomas occur on the extremities. A large size or a specific location or both may carry complications such as ulceration which is one of the main complications, and active treatment is ...
Costello John M - - 2011
Significant advances in technology and therapy have led to dramatic improvements in the survival of preterm babies over the last 2 decades. Similarly, improvements in surgical and cardiac intensive care techniques have increased the feasibility of supporting even very small babies to the point of surgical repair, leading some to ...
Andersen Anders D - - 2011
n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA) from fish oil (FO) have in rodents been shown to reduce adipogenesis. Evidence of an effect on adipose tissue mass in humans is limited and no studies have specifically aimed to elucidate this in infancy. To explore if n-3 LCPUFA-intake affects adipose tissue ...
Gupta Priya - - 2011
BACKGROUND: While reviewing chest CT scans of infants, we repeatedly observed hyperdense enhancing tissue in the chest wall that is not well described in radiology literature. OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to describe the imaging features of this tissue in chest walls of infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CT scans of ...
Mahadevan Murali - - 2011
Subglottic hemangiomas (SGH) are a rare tumour, often associated with significant airway obstruction in infants. Current treatment options, while effective, often expose the infant to potential complications. Emerging evidence suggests a role for the beta blocker propranolol in the initial management of SGH. We report our experience with propranolol 2 ...
Haimovich Yaron - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To estimate the influence of fetal growth restriction (FGR) on neonatal morbidity and mortality among premature discordant twin neonates. Study design: Our medical records (2002-2007) of preterm twins born at 24-37 weeks' gestation were reviewed. Significant discordance was defined as >15% difference in birth weight. Small for gestational age ...
Minowa Hideki - - 2011
Background:  In order to establish an effective screening method for respiratory inhibition after crying (RIAC), we prospectively studied the correlations between infant RIAC and perinatal factors. Methods:  We monitored infants (n = 141) born from May through July 2009 with polygraphy and evaluated the presence of RIAC and respiratory pause that occurred ...
Forbes David A - - 2011
An article in the 20 September issue of the Journal that suggested circumcision of infant boys could be considered a "surgical vaccine" against future sexually transmitted HIV has attracted strong criticism from many of our readers.
Alaei Fariba - - 2011
Coarctation of the aorta is a discrete stenosis of the proximal thoracic aorta. The common clinical pattern is congestive heart failure in infancy. Treatment methods include balloon angioplasty and surgical repair in this age group. Percutaneous balloon angioplasty is a less invasive method for the repair of discrete coarctation but ...
Chase Nicole M - - 2010
Newborn screening for T-cell deficiency is ongoing in two states, and the published results of 1 year of screening in Wisconsin are favorable. In this review, the history, methodology, results, challenges, and future direction of screening are discussed. As a concept, newborn blood screening (NBS) has evolved from the detection ...
Coenraad S - - 2011
Infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) have a higher incidence of perinatal complications and delayed maturational processes. Parameters of the auditory brainstem response (ABR) were analyzed to study the prevalence of delayed auditory maturation or neural pathology. The prevalence of prolonged I-V interval as a measure of delayed ...
Chan Alice - - 2011
Infants affected with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) are susceptible to severe and recurrent infections and do not survive unless provided with immune reconstituting treatments. In the absence of population-based newborn screening, infants with SCID who do not have an affected older relative are ascertained only after they have developed infections. ...
Slaughter Jonathan L - - 2010
Newborn-screening false-positive rates (FPRs) are disproportionately increased in preterm infants. The objective of this study was to determine variation in newborn screening FPRs according to birth weight and gestational age. Our secondary objective was to examine the effect of postnatal age on FPRs in preterm infants. The Ohio State Newborn ...
Olusanya Bolajoko O - - 2011
The objective of this study was to determine the predictors of early-onset permanent hearing loss (EPHL) among undernourished infants in a low-income country where routine screening for developmental disabilities in early childhood is currently unattainable. All infants attending four community-based clinics for routine immunization who met the criteria for undernutrition ...
Murphy-Oikonen Jodie - - 2010
The main objective of this study was to analyze the consistency in using a standardized newborn toxicology screening protocol to identify infants at risk of developing neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). A retrospective cohort comparison design was approved by the institutional review board at the regional hospital and used to gather ...
Choo Daniel - - 2010
The objectives of this review are to provide the reader with a current and concise review of the data and trends in universal newborn hearing screening. Within a relatively short period of time, the concept of screening all infants for hearing loss at the time of birth has evolved from ...
Okhakhu Amina L - - 2010
Congenital hearing loss is a major health care problem that tends to retard the developmental milestones of children. It takes early detection and intervention to avoid a permanent loss in acquisition of speech and cognitive functions. Hence, the importance of hearing screening in all newborns especially in the developing world ...
Gessner Bradford D - - 2011
To use genotype analysis to determine the prevalence of the c.1436C→T sequence variant in carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A (CPT1A) among Alaskan infants, and evaluate the sensitivity of newborn screening by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) to identify homozygous infants. We compared MS/MS and DNA analyses of 2409 newborn blood spots collected over ...
Korzeniewski Steven J - - 2011
To investigate variation in immunoreactive trypsinogen (IRT) concentrations by race, sex, birth weight, and gestational age and their implications for the use of percentile-based cutoffs for cystic fibrosis (CF) newborn screening (NBS) programs. This cross-sectional population-based study of resident infants screened in Michigan investigates associations between demographic and perinatal variables ...
Olusanya Bolajoko O - - 2010
To determine the perinatal predictors of discordant screening outcomes based on a two-stage screening protocol with transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE) and automated auditory brainstem response (AABR). A cross-sectional study of infants tested with TEOAE and AABR under a hospital-based universal newborn hearing screening program in Lagos, Nigeria. Maternal and infant ...
Nuysink J - - 2011
The objective of this study was to develop a screening instrument for pediatric physiotherapists to distinguish a symptomatic asymmetry in the clinical evaluation of young infants (age <6 months) with an asymmetric head posture. We chose two consensus methods, a two-round Delphi design and an expert meeting using nominal group ...
Van Maanen Anna - - 2010
The multiple auditory steady-state response (multiple ASSR) is a promising technique for determining thresholds for infants and children. However, there are few data for infants and young children with hearing loss where multiple-ASSR thresholds have been compared to frequency-specific gold standard (i.e., behavioral or tone-evoked auditory brainstem response [tone ABR]) ...
Sermet-Gaudelus Isabelle - - 2010
Successful implementation of newborn screening (NBS) for cystic fibrosis (CF) depends on robust protocols, good communication and appropriate management of recognised infants. In response to current varied practice, the ECFS Neonatal Screening Working Group developed a consensus on the early management of these infants using the Delphi methodology. Following detailed ...
Loukas Yannis L - - 2010
In Greece, the National Newborn Screening Program was initiated in 1974 and is performed by the Institute of Child Health (ICH). However, there is a complete absence of conditions that have high rates of mortality and a relatively high prevalence listed in the Catalogue of Disorders screened by the ICH. ...
Psarommatis Ioannis - - 2011
This work is aimed at assessing the frequency of occurrence of reversible auditory brainstem responses (ABR) abnormalities within a targeted hearing screening program for high risk (HR) newborns. The effect of age on screening is also evaluated and some important clinical issues are highlighted. The audiological records of 1,294 HR ...
Crais Elizabeth R - - 2011
This article is a condensation of the recent American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) document entitled Roles and Responsibilities of Speech-Language Pathologists in Early Intervention: Guidelines (ASHA, 2008). The article presents information on recommended and evidence-based practices related to the screening, evaluation, and assessment of infants and toddlers with, or at risk ...
Olusanya Bolajoko O - - 2010
Considering that current newborn/infant hearing screening (NHS) instruments were designed primarily for use in developed countries, this study set out to ascertain the potential effects of higher ambient noise levels on transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE) in sub-Saharan Africa. Data was drawn from two hospital-based and community-based NHS programs in Lagos, ...
Collins Sorcha A - - 2010
Carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A (CPT1A), encoded by the gene CPT1A, is the hepatic isoform of CPT1 and is a major regulatory point in long-chain fatty acid oxidation. CPT1A deficiency confers risk for hypoketotic hypoglycaemia, hepatic encephalopathy, seizures, and sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI). It remains controversial whether the CPT1A gene ...
Neylon Orla - - 2010
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS) is a toxin-mediated exfoliating skin condition predominated by desquamation and blistering. Neonatal outbreaks have already been reported; however, our outbreak highlights the potential for SSSS following neonatal health promotion measures such as intra-muscular vitamin K administration and metabolic screening (heel prick) as well as effective ...
Adeli Mehdi M - - 2010
Physicians caring for infants in the first months of life need to know the normal ranges for absolute lymphocyte counts (ALCs) during that age. Any ALC <2500/microL is potentially pathogenic in early infancy and should be evaluated. We report the case of a 4-month-old white girl with a 2-month history ...
Morimoto Noriko - - 2010
Several risk factors for hearing impairment among infants treated in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) have been reported, but there have been few studies that show the correlation strength between the risk factors in NICU-treated infants and hearing impairment in childhood. The aim of this study was to clarify ...
Massie John - - 2010
Newborn screening for cystic fibrosis (CF) facilitates early diagnosis and genetic counselling for parents of affected infants. Many parents elect to use prenatal testing for subsequent pregnancies, and this may affect the prevalence of CF. The aim of this study was to assess the evidence for changes in the live-birth ...
Nouaili Emira Ben Hamida - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Bilateral hearing loss is present in 1-3 per 1000 newborn infants, and in 2-4 per 100 infants in the intensive care unit population. All infants with hearing loss should be identified before 3 months of age and receives intervention by 6 months. If undetected, this will impede speech, language, ...
Streetly Allison - - 2010
The overall aim of the new national newborn programme is to identify infants at risk of sickle cell disease to allow early detection and to minimise deaths and complications. Universal screening for sickle cell disease was introduced in England between September 2003 and July 2006. The 13 newborn laboratories each ...
Jonas Richard A - - 2010
There have been numerous advances in all of the associated subspecialty areas necessary for successful congenital cardiac surgery over the last 2 decades. Within the operating room itself, advances have occurred in instrumentation, prosthetics and biomaterials, surgical optics including loupes, and fiberoptic lighting. However, some of the most important advances ...
Coenraad S - - 2010
To evaluate independent etiologic factors associated with sensorineural hearing loss in infants who have been admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit compared to normal hearing controls. Between 2004 and 2009, 3366 infants were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of Sophia Children's Hospital, of which 3316 were screened ...
Rohlfs Anna-Katharina - - 2010
Previously presented results of the newborn hearing screening in Hamburg and the perspectives are subsequently discussed. Minimum standards referring a participation of 95% of the neonates and a fail rate of less than 4% hearing-impaired children at the primary screening are fulfilled in Hamburg. Systematic screening of newborn hearing by ...
Nock M L - - 2011
Objective:The purpose of this study was to analyze a targeted screening program for glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency (G6PDdef) and clinical outcomes of G6PD-deficient vs G6PD normal newborns.Study Design:Retrospective chart review for 1578 male newborns was performed. The study group was those screened for G6PDdef. Comparisons between G6PD-deficient and normal infants ...
Walsh W - - 2011
Objective:Pulse oximetry screening of asymptomatic newborns is suggested as a life-saving procedure for the timely detection of critical congenital heart disease (CHD) in asymptomatic newborns. We evaluated this screening and report cases that demonstrate problems with screening in a non-research setting.Study Design:An elective state-directed public health screening program was evaluated ...
Ellsworth Marc A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Screening for illicit drugs in newborns has privacy, social, and legal risks for families of the infants. Established drug-screening criteria may be applied in a manner that considers nonproven risk factors such as race in addition to evidence-based factors. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine if ...
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