Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1396
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Yoshikawa Satoko - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the incidence of neonatal hearing loss in well-baby populations and in a neonatal intensive care unit and to identify potential risk factors for hearing loss in a neonatal intensive care unit which the Joint Committee on Infant Hearing (JCIH) had not recommended. METHODS: Auditory screening was conducted ...
Dowson Duncan - - 2004
The use of metal-on-metal low-wearing bearings has promoted great interest in the factors determining the volume of wear debris generated in such joints, including the developing surface replacement alternatives. Twenty-six pairs of low- and high-carbon components in wrought or cast form of 36 mm nominal diameter and exhibiting similar clearances ...
Onusko Edward - - 2004
Tympanometry provides useful quantitative information about the presence of fluid in the middle ear, mobility of the middle ear system, and ear canal volume. Its use has been recommended in conjunction with more qualitative information (e.g., history, appearance, and mobility of the tympanic membrane) in the evaluation of otitis media ...
van der Kamp Hetty J - - 2004
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is well suited for newborn screening, as it is a common and potentially fatal disease which can be easily diagnosed by a simple hormonal measurement in blood. Moreover, early recognition and treatment can prevent severe salt wasting, dehydration and death and shorten the time of male ...
Olusanya B O - - 2004
The decision to participate in infant screening often rests with parents. Medical ethics require that parental decision is elicited from informed choice. Such a decision is influenced by the parental knowledge and attitude towards screening and a careful evaluation of these factors is essential in seeking informed consent for infant ...
Reichmuth David S - - 2004
The dibenzothiophene biodesulfurization pathway has shown significant potential for improving the processing of sulfur-containing fossil fuels. However, the rate of desulfurization is limited by the last enzyme in the pathway, DszB. Genetic constructs designed to produce increased DszB activity were not functional due to low production of DszB, even when ...
Häyry M - - 2004
If genetic diagnosis and preimplantation selection could be employed to produce deaf children, would it be acceptable for deaf parents to do so? Some say no, because there is no moral difference between selecting a deaf embryo and deafening a hearing child, and because it would be wrong to deafen ...
Wada Tadashi - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) is considered beneficial and is accepted worldwide. However, some problems remain, and administrative systematization has yet to be established in many countries. This study assessed the hearing screening of referred newborn infants and discusses the problems that remain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over the two ...
Bryant Kristin Gatrell - - 2004
Metabolic disorders are individually rare, but when considered together as a disease entity are relatively frequent, occurring in 1 in 1000 to 1 in 3000 infants. Some disorders can have devastating and irreversible outcomes if not diagnosed early and treated promptly. Newborn screening is a vital step in identifying infants ...
Gatelais Frédérique - - 2004
Measurement of 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) from filter-paper blood is widely used to screen for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). However, in pregnancies with an expected preterm delivery, prenatal treatment with steroids to induce pulmonary maturation could suppress the fetal adrenals and interfere with this screening. In 160 infants who were born between ...
Kennedy C - - 2004
Recent technological advances have made feasible universal newborn hearing screening and therefore early detection of permanent childhood hearing impairment. Over the past three years, new information has been published on whether early intervention is beneficial, the possibility of harm arising from newborn screening, and its cost. Dramatic progress has been ...
Ulualp Seckin O - - 2004
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To perform histological examination of temporal bones acquired from an infant with Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome with an emphasis on identifying abnormalities that might be responsible for hearing impairment in this disorder. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. METHODS: Temporal bones were taken at autopsy from a 10-month-old infant with Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome. ...
Senaran Hakan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) continues to be missed by routine physical examination in up to 50% of cases. Ultrasound (US) supplementation is the best method of screening for DDH, but the resources required should not be underestimated. Limited abduction of the hip (LHA) in an infant triggers ...
Swanepoel DeWet - - 2004
This paper presents preliminary results obtained with the use of the auditory steady-state response (ASSR) technique as part of a cochlear implant candidacy assessment protocol for infants Fifteen infants (30 ears), between 10 and 60 months of age, with severe-to-profound hearing loss participated in the study. ASSR measurements were performed ...
Walter William L - - 2004
Alumina ceramic-on-ceramic bearings perform exceptionally well under standard hip simulator conditions, but in vivo some retrieved bearings have shown an unusual stripe pattern of wear. We studied 16 bearings retrieved from a series of 1,588 cementless hip arthroplasties with third generation alumina ceramic-on-ceramic bearings to characterize the mechanism of stripe ...
Currie Melissa L - - 2004
Increasing evidence of postpartum depression is encouraging pediatricians to include screening and intervention for postpartum depression in standard newborn and infant care. Pediatricians have the most frequent exposure to mothers and infants in the most high-risk time period and they have a vested interest in the well-being of the child ...
Chan Vanessa S W - - 2004
Hearing assessment of applicants for occupational hearing loss compensation can be a time-consuming process. An accurate screening procedure that is sensitive to occupational hearing loss may have application in many situations. The present study developed distortion-product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) screening criteria to identify subjects likely to meet the Hong Kong ...
Rouev P - - 2004
The design of a Universal Newborn Hearing Screening Program (UNHSP) depends on many factors unique to each hospital. The goal of any UNHSP is to perform a valid hearing screening on all newborn infants prior to hospital discharge. Ultimately hearing screening of all infants should decrease the age at which ...
Doyle Karen Jo - - 2004
HYPOTHESIS AND AIMS: The specific aims of the research are to determine whether newborn ears with persistent middle ear effusion at age 30 to 48 hours are more likely to develop chronic otitis media with effusion over the first year of life when compared with ears without persistent middle ear ...
Saurini P - - 2004
Pediatric deafness is a handicap affecting approximately 2/1000 newborns. Currently, its diagnosis is markedly delayed, since it occurs approximately at 24 to 36 months of age; at this age rehabilitation procedures (i.e., acoustic prosthesis, speech therapy, psychological interventions on the family, or cochlear implants in the most serious situations) are ...
Simonetti Patricia - - 2004
BACKGROUND: This study describes the anatomic, physiologic and acoustic characteristics of the external ear in infants. AIM: To verify the implications of these differences in the selection of the physical and electroacoustic characteristics of the hearing aid for this age group. METHOD: The resonance of the external ear was measured ...
Barker Brittan A - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of replicating prior bimodal perception findings with hearing-impaired infants during their preimplant, hearing aid trial, and postimplant experiences; secondarily, to determine the point in development at which these infants were able to match phonetic information in the lips and voice for the vowels /a/ and ...
Sahin Figen - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Screening for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is widely recommended for all infants to prevent disability from late diagnosis of dislocation of the hip. The present study evaluates the results of screening for developmental dislocation of hip in a clinic in Turkey over the course of 7 years. ...
Kenyon Sara - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there has been any change in UK policy for the screening and intrapartum management of Group B Streptococcus in pregnancy over a two year period. DESIGN: Two national survey's of practice carried out in 1999 and 2001. SETTING: All obstetric units in the UK. POPULATION: Clinical ...
Comeau Anne Marie - - 2004
Using a data set of newborn screening specimens tested by the New England Newborn Screening Program (NENSP) between January 1999 and February 2003, we analyzed the number of infants with positive newborn screening results and determined how many positive screening results were due to a recent multiplex expansion of services ...
Van Vliet Guy - - 2004
The measurement of thyrotropin or thyroxine from dried blood spots collected from neonates allows diagnosis before clinical manifestations develop, and prevents mental deficiency from congenital hypothyroidism. However, severely hypothyroid newborns remain at risk of cognitive problems that may be avoided if they are treated within two weeks of birth, hence ...
Scheiner Elisabeth - - 2004
The aim of the study was to compare the vocalizations of normally hearing and profoundly hearing-impaired infants in the first year of life. After the first recording all hearing-impaired infants were provided with hearing aids. We focused on three issues: (1) Are there different types of preverbal vocalizations in the ...
Okamoto Mitsuharu - - 2004
Nine hundred and eighteen people aged 40 years and over were examined to assess the relationship between self-reported hearing difficulty and hearing impairment at 1 kHz and 4kHz during annual health check-ups. After adjustment for potential confounding factors of self-reported hearing difficulty such as age, sex, noise exposure, ear disease ...
Irha Ernest - - 2004
Angle parameters proposed by Graf and linear parameters introduced by Morin are the most common currently in use for quantification and classification of ultrasonographic findings in the diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip. The aim of this study was to determine which of the two parameters is more suited ...
Trinavarat Adisak - - 2004
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to verify the applicability of standard guidelines for the screening of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and to determine the appropriate criteria for Thai neonates. METHODS: Records of ROP screening of infants born in our hospital between 1995 and 2000 with a birth weight ...
Banta-Wright Sandra A - - 2004
Since 1961, newborn screening for errors of metabolism (EM) has improved the diagnosis, treatment and outcome of newborns with an EM. Recently, advances in laboratory technology with tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) has increased the identification of newborns with an EM. With a single dried filter paper blood spot (Guthrie R, ...
Zaffanello Marco - - 2004
We examined glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency in north-eastern Italian Caucasian neonates detected by neonatal screening, in order to measure the incidence of heterozygote females detected by neonatal screening, and to estimate the near-true total incidence. A total of 85,437 Caucasian neonates, born between January 2000 and December 2001, have been ...
Sidharthan M - - 2004
Toxic antifouling chemicals released into the seawaters leads to marine environmental degradation. In order to identify a nontoxic antifoulant, an assessment of antifouling (AF) efficacy of some AF candidates was made at Ayagin harbor, east coast of South Korea. In this static panel study conducted during October 2000-March 2001, some ...
Belz Regina G - - 2004
Crops that control weeds by root exudation of allelochemicals are receiving increased attention, and there are efforts to breed allelopathic cultivars in several crops. The genetic improvement of allelopathic traits is based upon parental germ plasm with high allelopathic activity. Identification of allelopathic germplasm is done in laboratory screening bioassays, ...
Kalman Lisa - - 2004
Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is an inherited immune disorder characterized by T-cell lymphopenia (TCLP), a profound lack of cellular (T-cell) and humoral (B-cell) immunity and, in some cases, decreased NK-cell number and function. Affected children develop severe bacterial and viral infections within the first 6 months of life and die ...
Parsons Evelyn P - - 2003
Newborn screening for cystic fibrosis remains controversial because there is still little agreement that prophylactic interventions provide substantial long-term benefits. In such situations, where there are some medical benefits and the costs are not prohibitive, it is important to consider the psychosocial implications of screening. This paper reviews the evidence ...
Olgemöller Bernhard - - 2003
Newborn screening procedures for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) are still suboptimal because of low specificity, particularly in premature infants. This study evaluated a multitiered strategy for reporting abnormal 17-hydroxyprogesterone screening values that simultaneously takes into account not only birth weight but also age at sampling. A cautious three-tiered cut-off scheme ...
Gracey Karin - - 2003
Newborns are routinely screened for hearing loss; screening typically occurs in the newborn nursery and newborn intensive care unit. Understanding the process and outcomes of initial hearing screening and ongoing early hearing detection and intervention programs (EHDI) are important roles of the newborn/neonatal intensive care (NICU) nurse. Infants that require ...
Clarke Paul - - 2003
The aim of this study was to compare two hearing-screening methods in well newborn infants within the postnatal ward environment prior to discharge. Eighty-one newborn infants underwent one-step hearing screening by measurement of automated auditory brainstem responses (aABRs), using the ALGO-3 screener. These were compared with a further cohort of ...
Baroch Kelly A - - 2003
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) is rapidly becoming the standard of care in hospitals across the country. The goals of Healthy People 2010 are to provide newborn hearing screening to all infants, ensure follow-up audiologic evaluations by 3 months of age, and provide smooth transition to early ...
Puhan M A - - 2003
AIM: To assess whether observational studies provide evidence to support general ultrasound screening for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). METHOD: Systematic Review. Following a predefined study protocol, observational studies on ultrasound screening in unselected newborns were identified by search through 23 electronic databases and by hand search. Two reviewers ...
Walter John H - - 2003
Recent technological advances have led to an expansion in inborn errors that can be detected in the newborn period. Further developments in newborn screening will increase this number further. There are two main arguments put forward to support the developments of an expanded newborn screening programme. Firstly there may be ...
Torresani Toni - - 2003
One of the key tasks for the persons in charge of a neonatal screening laboratory is the control and maintenance of the quality of analytical results. The process of examining every day hundreds of blood spot samples obtained from newborn babies in order to divide the population of neonates into ...
Dezateux Carol - - 2003
Although individually rare, inborn errors of metabolism represent a potentially preventable cause of death and disability. Tandem mass spectrometry allows a number of these disorders to be detected in a single step. Medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MCADD) is the most important of these disorders. However, public health decisions on whether ...
Tanaka Masayuki - - 2003
We introduced a new technique to investigate the development of scribbling in very young infants. We tested three infant chimpanzees to compare the developmental processes of scribbling between humans and chimpanzees. While human infants start to scribble on paper at around the age of 18 months, our 13- to 23-month-old ...
Parsons E P - - 2003
To investigate the psychosocial implications for families whose infant was identified as a cystic fibrosis carrier by newborn screening. Prospective psychosocial assessment. Primary care. Study: (a) families of an affected infant identified by screening (n = 9); (b) families of a carrier infant identified by screening (n = 10). Control: ...
Rea Peter A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The hypotheses of the study were that congenital hearing impairment in infants can result from the isolated loss of inner hair cells of the cochlea and that this is shown by the presence of abnormal positive summating potentials on round window electrocochleography. The objectives were to establish the proportion ...
Pirela-Cruz Miguel A - - 2003
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to present an alternative method for static radiologic assessment of the wrist for midcarpal instability (ie, palmar intercalated segmental instability [PISI] and dorsal intercalated segmental instability [DISI]). The triangulation method uses 3 anatomic landmarks observed on the standard lateral x-ray of the wrist. ...
Metz Michael P - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the biochemical screening rate of newborns in South Australia and the factors associated with babies not being screened. DESIGN: Matching of data in the SA Newborn Screening Centre database (acquired from Guthrie cards) with the SA perinatal data collection (compiled from supplementary birth records) to determine how ...
- - 2003
Hearing loss (HL) occurs in one to three of 1,000 live births annually and, when left undetected, can result in developmental delays. To promote communication from birth, Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) programs support early identification of infants with HL. Without EHDI programs, the average age of identification for ...
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