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Results 501 - 550 of 1411
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Declau F - - 2005
Hearing loss is one of the most common congenital anomalies, occurring in approximately 1-2 infants per 1000. Left undetected, hearing impairments in infants can negatively impact speech and language acquisition, academic achievement, social and emotional development. These negative impacts can be diminished and even eliminated through early intervention at or ...
Cascio S - - 2005
AIM: Few retrospective studies have evaluated infants with hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) for associated urological anomalies. They have led to contradictory conclusions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of urinary tract anomalies in infants with HPS and to establish the clinical significance of this association. METHODS: ...
Clavero-Ramírez I - - 2005
This paper presents results from a study to develop cryopreservation procedures for apices of several strawberry genotypes. Five Fragaria x ananassa Duch. cultivars and two wild species (F. chiloensis and F. virginiana) have been screened using the encapsulation-dehydration method and/or a protocol which compromises vitrification and encapsulation-dehydration. Apices were encapsulated ...
Swanepoel De Wet de - - 2005
This study investigated the use of the dichotic multiple frequency ASSR technique for characterising normal hearing in a group of infants. A descriptive research design was implemented to describe ASSR thresholds obtained in 10 normal hearing infant ears (3 male, 2 female participants) between the age of 3 and 8 ...
Bagatto Marlene - - 2005
A discussion of the protocols used particularly in the clinical application of the Desired Sensation Level (DSL) Method is presented in this chapter. In the first section, the measurement and application of acoustic transforms is described in terms of their importance in the assessment phase of the amplification fitting process. ...
Huang Hai - - 2005
Because prompt intervention may prevent complications, early diagnosis is important in many inherited metabolic diseases. Early diagnosis of Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID) is critical - because chances for successful treatment are highest for infants who have not yet experienced severe opportunistic infections. SCID is a rare disease that can be ...
Xu Z - - 2005
We recently started a hearing screening program for the newborns of the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of Shanghai Children's Medical Center. The program consisted of a two-step screening stage using DPOAE and automated ABR (AABR) at the age of a few days, and a diagnostic stage including otoscopy, measuring ...
Kafando Eléonore - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of sickle cell disorders (SCDs) and the feasibility of a neonatal screening programme in Ouagadougou. METHODS: During 2000, 2003 and 2004, 2341 cord blood samples obtained in five maternity hospitals in Ouagadougou were screened for SCDs using an isoelectric focusing technique. The feasibility of a ...
Gareri Joey - - 2005
I have several patients whom I suspect are drinking during pregnancy. How can I find out for sure if they are? You can use one of the validated tools to screen for problem drinking. Motherisk uses the TWEAK test, but others are just as good. Following birth, you can test ...
Boone Ryan T - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the prevalence of middle ear disease in infants failing a newborn hearing screening program. Review the outcomes of those infants diagnosed with or without middle ear disease after failed hearing screen. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of 76 patients referred to a tertiary care institution for evaluation of a ...
Chien Yin-Hsiu - - 2005
Measurement of methionine levels in dried blood spots has been one of the items of neonatal screening in Taiwan for more than 20 years. In 1,701,591 newborns, 17 cases of hypermethioninemia were detected, but among them only one had homocystinuria. More than half of the 16 cases of isolated hypermethioninemia ...
Mehta Manisha - - 2005
PURPOSE: This pilot study compared the physiological and behavioural changes in premature infants undergoing three different methods of screening for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized cross-over pilot study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifteen premature infants requiring screening for ROP were recruited, and physiological and behavioural responses produced by ...
Smergel Eleanor - - 2004
Early diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is important to institute appropriate treatment and reduce the incidence of long-term complications. Risk factors for DDH include genetic, developmental, mechanical, and physiologic factors. Physical examination using Ortolani and Barlow maneuvers is standard for early detection. Plain film radiography is limited ...
Sewell Ryan K - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence of hearing loss (HL) in Union Army (UA) veterans by year, birth cohort, and occupation, and to compare Civil War pension and contemporary disability programs by examining monthly dollar awards. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of medical records for 17,722 UA veteran pension applicants, a ...
Bener Abdulbari - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss (HL) and its complications appear to be increasingly common in developing countries. Previous studies have supported the association between hearing loss and consanguinity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to determine the frequency of hearing loss and its association with consanguinity among Qatari population. In ...
Yoshikawa Satoko - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the incidence of neonatal hearing loss in well-baby populations and in a neonatal intensive care unit and to identify potential risk factors for hearing loss in a neonatal intensive care unit which the Joint Committee on Infant Hearing (JCIH) had not recommended. METHODS: Auditory screening was conducted ...
Dowson Duncan - - 2004
The use of metal-on-metal low-wearing bearings has promoted great interest in the factors determining the volume of wear debris generated in such joints, including the developing surface replacement alternatives. Twenty-six pairs of low- and high-carbon components in wrought or cast form of 36 mm nominal diameter and exhibiting similar clearances ...
Onusko Edward - - 2004
Tympanometry provides useful quantitative information about the presence of fluid in the middle ear, mobility of the middle ear system, and ear canal volume. Its use has been recommended in conjunction with more qualitative information (e.g., history, appearance, and mobility of the tympanic membrane) in the evaluation of otitis media ...
van der Kamp Hetty J - - 2004
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is well suited for newborn screening, as it is a common and potentially fatal disease which can be easily diagnosed by a simple hormonal measurement in blood. Moreover, early recognition and treatment can prevent severe salt wasting, dehydration and death and shorten the time of male ...
Olusanya B O - - 2004
The decision to participate in infant screening often rests with parents. Medical ethics require that parental decision is elicited from informed choice. Such a decision is influenced by the parental knowledge and attitude towards screening and a careful evaluation of these factors is essential in seeking informed consent for infant ...
Reichmuth David S - - 2004
The dibenzothiophene biodesulfurization pathway has shown significant potential for improving the processing of sulfur-containing fossil fuels. However, the rate of desulfurization is limited by the last enzyme in the pathway, DszB. Genetic constructs designed to produce increased DszB activity were not functional due to low production of DszB, even when ...
Häyry M - - 2004
If genetic diagnosis and preimplantation selection could be employed to produce deaf children, would it be acceptable for deaf parents to do so? Some say no, because there is no moral difference between selecting a deaf embryo and deafening a hearing child, and because it would be wrong to deafen ...
Wada Tadashi - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) is considered beneficial and is accepted worldwide. However, some problems remain, and administrative systematization has yet to be established in many countries. This study assessed the hearing screening of referred newborn infants and discusses the problems that remain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over the two ...
Bryant Kristin Gatrell - - 2004
Metabolic disorders are individually rare, but when considered together as a disease entity are relatively frequent, occurring in 1 in 1000 to 1 in 3000 infants. Some disorders can have devastating and irreversible outcomes if not diagnosed early and treated promptly. Newborn screening is a vital step in identifying infants ...
Gatelais Frédérique - - 2004
Measurement of 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) from filter-paper blood is widely used to screen for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). However, in pregnancies with an expected preterm delivery, prenatal treatment with steroids to induce pulmonary maturation could suppress the fetal adrenals and interfere with this screening. In 160 infants who were born between ...
Kennedy C - - 2004
Recent technological advances have made feasible universal newborn hearing screening and therefore early detection of permanent childhood hearing impairment. Over the past three years, new information has been published on whether early intervention is beneficial, the possibility of harm arising from newborn screening, and its cost. Dramatic progress has been ...
Ulualp Seckin O - - 2004
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To perform histological examination of temporal bones acquired from an infant with Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome with an emphasis on identifying abnormalities that might be responsible for hearing impairment in this disorder. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. METHODS: Temporal bones were taken at autopsy from a 10-month-old infant with Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome. ...
Senaran Hakan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) continues to be missed by routine physical examination in up to 50% of cases. Ultrasound (US) supplementation is the best method of screening for DDH, but the resources required should not be underestimated. Limited abduction of the hip (LHA) in an infant triggers ...
Swanepoel DeWet - - 2004
This paper presents preliminary results obtained with the use of the auditory steady-state response (ASSR) technique as part of a cochlear implant candidacy assessment protocol for infants Fifteen infants (30 ears), between 10 and 60 months of age, with severe-to-profound hearing loss participated in the study. ASSR measurements were performed ...
Walter William L - - 2004
Alumina ceramic-on-ceramic bearings perform exceptionally well under standard hip simulator conditions, but in vivo some retrieved bearings have shown an unusual stripe pattern of wear. We studied 16 bearings retrieved from a series of 1,588 cementless hip arthroplasties with third generation alumina ceramic-on-ceramic bearings to characterize the mechanism of stripe ...
Currie Melissa L - - 2004
Increasing evidence of postpartum depression is encouraging pediatricians to include screening and intervention for postpartum depression in standard newborn and infant care. Pediatricians have the most frequent exposure to mothers and infants in the most high-risk time period and they have a vested interest in the well-being of the child ...
Chan Vanessa S W - - 2004
Hearing assessment of applicants for occupational hearing loss compensation can be a time-consuming process. An accurate screening procedure that is sensitive to occupational hearing loss may have application in many situations. The present study developed distortion-product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) screening criteria to identify subjects likely to meet the Hong Kong ...
Rouev P - - 2004
The design of a Universal Newborn Hearing Screening Program (UNHSP) depends on many factors unique to each hospital. The goal of any UNHSP is to perform a valid hearing screening on all newborn infants prior to hospital discharge. Ultimately hearing screening of all infants should decrease the age at which ...
Doyle Karen Jo - - 2004
HYPOTHESIS AND AIMS: The specific aims of the research are to determine whether newborn ears with persistent middle ear effusion at age 30 to 48 hours are more likely to develop chronic otitis media with effusion over the first year of life when compared with ears without persistent middle ear ...
Saurini P - - 2004
Pediatric deafness is a handicap affecting approximately 2/1000 newborns. Currently, its diagnosis is markedly delayed, since it occurs approximately at 24 to 36 months of age; at this age rehabilitation procedures (i.e., acoustic prosthesis, speech therapy, psychological interventions on the family, or cochlear implants in the most serious situations) are ...
Simonetti Patricia - - 2004
BACKGROUND: This study describes the anatomic, physiologic and acoustic characteristics of the external ear in infants. AIM: To verify the implications of these differences in the selection of the physical and electroacoustic characteristics of the hearing aid for this age group. METHOD: The resonance of the external ear was measured ...
Barker Brittan A - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of replicating prior bimodal perception findings with hearing-impaired infants during their preimplant, hearing aid trial, and postimplant experiences; secondarily, to determine the point in development at which these infants were able to match phonetic information in the lips and voice for the vowels /a/ and ...
Sahin Figen - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Screening for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is widely recommended for all infants to prevent disability from late diagnosis of dislocation of the hip. The present study evaluates the results of screening for developmental dislocation of hip in a clinic in Turkey over the course of 7 years. ...
Kenyon Sara - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there has been any change in UK policy for the screening and intrapartum management of Group B Streptococcus in pregnancy over a two year period. DESIGN: Two national survey's of practice carried out in 1999 and 2001. SETTING: All obstetric units in the UK. POPULATION: Clinical ...
Comeau Anne Marie - - 2004
Using a data set of newborn screening specimens tested by the New England Newborn Screening Program (NENSP) between January 1999 and February 2003, we analyzed the number of infants with positive newborn screening results and determined how many positive screening results were due to a recent multiplex expansion of services ...
Van Vliet Guy - - 2004
The measurement of thyrotropin or thyroxine from dried blood spots collected from neonates allows diagnosis before clinical manifestations develop, and prevents mental deficiency from congenital hypothyroidism. However, severely hypothyroid newborns remain at risk of cognitive problems that may be avoided if they are treated within two weeks of birth, hence ...
Scheiner Elisabeth - - 2004
The aim of the study was to compare the vocalizations of normally hearing and profoundly hearing-impaired infants in the first year of life. After the first recording all hearing-impaired infants were provided with hearing aids. We focused on three issues: (1) Are there different types of preverbal vocalizations in the ...
Okamoto Mitsuharu - - 2004
Nine hundred and eighteen people aged 40 years and over were examined to assess the relationship between self-reported hearing difficulty and hearing impairment at 1 kHz and 4kHz during annual health check-ups. After adjustment for potential confounding factors of self-reported hearing difficulty such as age, sex, noise exposure, ear disease ...
Irha Ernest - - 2004
Angle parameters proposed by Graf and linear parameters introduced by Morin are the most common currently in use for quantification and classification of ultrasonographic findings in the diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip. The aim of this study was to determine which of the two parameters is more suited ...
Trinavarat Adisak - - 2004
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to verify the applicability of standard guidelines for the screening of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and to determine the appropriate criteria for Thai neonates. METHODS: Records of ROP screening of infants born in our hospital between 1995 and 2000 with a birth weight ...
Banta-Wright Sandra A - - 2004
Since 1961, newborn screening for errors of metabolism (EM) has improved the diagnosis, treatment and outcome of newborns with an EM. Recently, advances in laboratory technology with tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) has increased the identification of newborns with an EM. With a single dried filter paper blood spot (Guthrie R, ...
Zaffanello Marco - - 2004
We examined glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency in north-eastern Italian Caucasian neonates detected by neonatal screening, in order to measure the incidence of heterozygote females detected by neonatal screening, and to estimate the near-true total incidence. A total of 85,437 Caucasian neonates, born between January 2000 and December 2001, have been ...
Sidharthan M - - 2004
Toxic antifouling chemicals released into the seawaters leads to marine environmental degradation. In order to identify a nontoxic antifoulant, an assessment of antifouling (AF) efficacy of some AF candidates was made at Ayagin harbor, east coast of South Korea. In this static panel study conducted during October 2000-March 2001, some ...
Belz Regina G - - 2004
Crops that control weeds by root exudation of allelochemicals are receiving increased attention, and there are efforts to breed allelopathic cultivars in several crops. The genetic improvement of allelopathic traits is based upon parental germ plasm with high allelopathic activity. Identification of allelopathic germplasm is done in laboratory screening bioassays, ...
Kalman Lisa L Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Newborn Screening Quality Assurance Program, Office of Genomics and Disease Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, - - 2004
Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is an inherited immune disorder characterized by T-cell lymphopenia (TCLP), a profound lack of cellular (T-cell) and humoral (B-cell) immunity and, in some cases, decreased NK-cell number and function. Affected children develop severe bacterial and viral infections within the first 6 months of life and die ...
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