Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1394
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Roovers Elisabeth A - - 2005
The natural history of sonographic developmental dysplasia of the hip was determined in a population-based study in which 5170 infants were screened by ultrasound using Graf's method. Of the normal hips at the age of 1 month, 99.6% were still normal at the age of 3 months. Of the immature ...
Simpson Neil - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The use of neonatal screening for cystic fibrosis is widely debated in the United Kingdom and elsewhere, but the evidence available to inform policy is limited. This paper explores the cost-effectiveness of adding screening for cystic fibrosis to an existing routine neonatal screening programme for congenital hypothyroidism and phenylketonuria, ...
Magnusson Gunilla - - 2005
AIM: To estimate, on a national basis in Sweden, the costs versus consequences of combined maternity ward and well-baby clinic eye screening compared to well-baby clinic screening alone. METHODS: Two scenarios were created and compared regarding healthcare costs: visual acuity development and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs). One scenario represented early management ...
Yilmaz - - 2005
A pseudoaneurysm is defined as an aneurysmatic sac surrounded by fibrous tissue instead of other vascular layers such as the muscular one. It is a rare incident in infants especially in the brachial artery. Blunt trauma and vascular access attempts are the most common etiologic factors. We present two infants ...
Kishon-Rabin Liat - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To compare the vocalizations of hearing-impaired infants before and after cochlear implantation with those of a control group of hearing infants and to relate prelexical vocalizations by using the PRoduction Infant Scale Evaluation (PRISE) to early auditory skill attainments, using the Infant-Toddler Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale (IT-MAIS) in normal-hearing ...
Leong A C - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Do-it-yourself ear vacuum kits (ear vacs) have recently been introduced as an effective method of earwax removal. This study assesses the efficacy of ear vacs in comparison with a conventional mechanical method of earwax removal, the Jobson-Horne probe. METHODS: Forty healthy relatives who had accompanied family members to orthopaedic ...
Sheykholeslami Kianoush - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Hearing impairment and the often concurrent loss of vestibular function, which is rarely assessed in infants, can both impair sensory integration critical to the development of normal motor coordination. This study demonstrates, for the first time, that vestibular function in infants can be noninvasively assessed using vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials ...
Korres Stavros G - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Following a long period of pilot study, Iaso maternity hospital established a universal newborn hearing screening program based on transiently evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs). The aim of this study is to present the improvement of outcome measures of this program, comparing the results of two groups of newborns screened ...
Fry Mark - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the coverage and quality of routine red reflex screening in a single region and to consider the results in the context of the current New Zealand guidelines. METHODS: All the health practitioners partaking in routine Well Child - Tamariki Ora checks in the Nelson-Tasman region were asked ...
Ciardelli Valentina - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to compare the role of antenatal ultrasound screening for congenital pyelectasis at term with postnatal screening. An ultrasonographic prospective study of 231 fetuses of low-risk pregnancies was performed, evaluating the renal pelvis at term (38 to 42 weeks gestation) and after birth (first and ...
Carvalheiro C G - - 2005
Congenital toxoplasmosis is rarely identified by routine clinical examination. The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of the disease in the region of Ribeir?o Preto, south-eastern Brazil. A definitive diagnosis was made on the basis of the persistence of anti-Toxoplasma IgG antibodies beyond 1 year of age. ...
Woolacott Nerys F - - 2005
To assess the accuracy and effectiveness of the screening of all newborn infants for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) using ultrasound imaging, as is standard practice in some European countries but not in the United Kingdom, the United States, or Scandinavia. Systematic review. Twenty three medical, economic, and grey ...
Lowry C A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Clinical examination, while useful, has been shown to be insufficient as the sole screening method in infants. Ultrasound examination at 8 weeks in high risk infants is an integral part of the screening process in some units. AIMS: To show the efficiency of hip sonography in detection of developmental ...
Seashore Margretta R - - 2005
Since the beginning of newborn screening for metabolic and other disorders in 1964, advances in the understanding of the disorders identified and development of new methods of testing newborn screening blood spots have contributed to improved health in children. Pediatricians and others involved in the health care of infants must ...
Leung C C - - 2005
Long-stay prisoners are not regularly screened for TB in Hong Kong. To evaluate tuberculosis (TB) screening in prison. All prisoners in a maximum security prison as of 31 October 2001 were screened by chest radiograph (CXR), except for those being followed up for TB or examined by CXR in the ...
Massie John - - 2005
Newborn screening for cystic fibrosis has been used in Australia and New Zealand for over 20 years. In that time, considerable experience has been developed regarding the early diagnosis of cystic fibrosis after newborn screening. To date, there has not been a consensus on the process of screening and clinical ...
Vane Andrew G S - - 2005
This article reports the results of a neonatal hip screening program comprising clinical screening and targeted ultrasound performed by orthopaedic surgeons. Over 7 years, from 1995 to 2001, there were 15,397 live births in the authors' region. Seven hundred thirty-three babies (4.8% of births) were referred for hip ultrasound: 80% ...
Yoon Hye-Ran - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Mass screening using tandem mass spectrometry(MS/MS) was initiated to determine if the incidence of metabolic disorder is sufficiently high to meet the criteria for newborn screening, and whether or not early medical intervention might be beneficial to the patients. METHODS: Newborns and children in a high-risk group were screened ...
Yukawa E - - 2005
The population pharmacokinetics of phenobarbital was evaluated using 69 serum concentration measurements obtained from the routine phenobarbital monitoring of 35 neonates and infants. The data were analysed using the nonlinear mixed effects model. A one-compartment open pharmacokinetic model with first-order elimination was used. Covariates screened were current bodyweight (TBW), gestational ...
Gruñeiro-Papendieck Laura - - 2005
To evaluate the double screening performed for congenital hypothyroidism (CH) to preterm infants <32 weeks of gestational age (GA) between 1994 and 2003. TSH was assessed by IFMA. Infants were classified as: term (T) (>37 weeks GA); preterm (PT) (33-37 weeks GA); and very preterm (VPT) (< or =32 weeks ...
Spivak Lynn - - 2005
As a result of the 1993 National Institutes of Health Consensus Statement recommending hearing screening for all infants before discharge from the newborn nursery, there are an increasing number of newborns identified with hearing impairment requiring follow-up services. Research has shown that hearing-impaired infants who receive intervention by the time ...
Hanley William B - - 2005
To review the status of universal newborn screening programs in Canada. A brief questionnaire (seven questions) was circulated to one key individual in each province (n=10) and territory (n=3). These individuals were usually physicians or clinical biochemists closely involved in the diagnosis and treatment of genetic metabolic diseases. Universal newborn ...
Habib H S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study the incidence of congenital hearing impairment in the Saudi population and to evaluate the need of establishing a Saudi universal neonatal hearing screening program based on transient evoked otoacoustic emission. METHODS: A total of 11986 well non-high-risk neonates were screened by transient evoked otoacoustic emission over period ...
Connolly James L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a two-stage auditory brainstem response (ABR) Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (UNHS) protocol at an academic medical center has been achieving the Joint Committee on Infant Hearing (JCIH) recommendations for screening all infants, diagnosing hearing loss (HL) within 3 months, and instituting intervention within 6 months. STUDY ...
Chan Kee - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is a treatable, inherited lack of cellular and humoral immunity caused by diverse mutations in several different genes and leading to death in infancy unless immune reconstitution is provided. Currently no population screening exists for SCID, but early diagnosis would improve outcome. OBJECTIVE: Because all ...
Effat Kamal G - - 2005
Choanal atresia is a significant congenital anomaly, which may be associated with other congenital anomalies. Recommendations have been previously proposed for neonatal screening of all newborns to detect this condition. A previously unreported, simple method using the automatic tympanometer to screen newborns for congenital choanal atresia is proposed. A prospective ...
Techakittiroj Chulaluck - - 2005
Tyrosinemia resulting from administration of protein-dense infant diets was detected by newborn screening in two infants. Change of formula resulted in rapid resolution of the hypertyrosinemia. These cases identify nonstandard infant diets as a benign and reversible cause of tyrosinemia and a potential cause of positive newborn phenylketonuria screening.
Dorn Ulrich - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: For the past 20 years, sonography of the hip has become the imaging procedure of choice to diagnose hip maturation disorders in German-speaking countries. In Austria, hip sonography is a mandatory and essential feature of preventive public health measures; the "Mutter-Kind-Pass" has been the official medical identity ...
Cavarzere Paolo - - 2005
AIMS: To evaluate the incidence of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) in the Northern Italian population and the efficiency of the North-Eastern Italy screening program. To adjust cut-off levels for 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) in relation to gestational age and birth weight, comparing the benefits in terms of reduction of recall rates with ...
Rosati Enrico - - 2005
AIMS: Critical congenital cardiovascular malformations (CCVMs) require surgical correction during the first month of life, physical examination is unable to detect >50% of affected infants. An oximetry screening has been previously proposed. Our aim was to verify the usefulness and consistency of a pulse oximetry screening for early detection of ...
Shoup Angela G - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Reduce false-positive results and loss to follow-up through systematic modifications in Universal Newborn Hearing Screening at a large public hospital. STUDY DESIGN: During a pilot program, neonates who failed technician-performed automated auditory brain stem response were scheduled for diagnostic evaluation. In year 1, audiologists rescreened neonates who failed, and ...
Muzaffer Mohammed Ahmed - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency in the population tested, and to evaluate the prevalence of neonatal jaundice in newborns with G6PD deficiency. METHODS: Cord blood of all babies born between October 1996 and October 1998 at the Royal Commission Medical Center in Yanbu, Saudi Arabia, ...
Zaffanello Marco - - 2005
AIMS: Neonatal screening programs perform different screening tests on the same blood-spot sample collected on a Guthrie card. We retrospectively investigated the incidence of multiple positive results as well as the outcomes and the physical characteristics of newborns with more than one positive result for phenylketonuria (PKU), congenital hypothyroidism (CH) ...
Declau F - - 2005
Hearing loss is one of the most common congenital anomalies, occurring in approximately 1-2 infants per 1000. Left undetected, hearing impairments in infants can negatively impact speech and language acquisition, academic achievement, social and emotional development. These negative impacts can be diminished and even eliminated through early intervention at or ...
Cascio S - - 2005
AIM: Few retrospective studies have evaluated infants with hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) for associated urological anomalies. They have led to contradictory conclusions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of urinary tract anomalies in infants with HPS and to establish the clinical significance of this association. METHODS: ...
Clavero-Ramírez I - - 2005
This paper presents results from a study to develop cryopreservation procedures for apices of several strawberry genotypes. Five Fragaria x ananassa Duch. cultivars and two wild species (F. chiloensis and F. virginiana) have been screened using the encapsulation-dehydration method and/or a protocol which compromises vitrification and encapsulation-dehydration. Apices were encapsulated ...
Swanepoel De Wet de - - 2005
This study investigated the use of the dichotic multiple frequency ASSR technique for characterising normal hearing in a group of infants. A descriptive research design was implemented to describe ASSR thresholds obtained in 10 normal hearing infant ears (3 male, 2 female participants) between the age of 3 and 8 ...
Bagatto Marlene - - 2005
A discussion of the protocols used particularly in the clinical application of the Desired Sensation Level (DSL) Method is presented in this chapter. In the first section, the measurement and application of acoustic transforms is described in terms of their importance in the assessment phase of the amplification fitting process. ...
Huang Hai - - 2005
Because prompt intervention may prevent complications, early diagnosis is important in many inherited metabolic diseases. Early diagnosis of Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID) is critical - because chances for successful treatment are highest for infants who have not yet experienced severe opportunistic infections. SCID is a rare disease that can be ...
Xu Z - - 2005
We recently started a hearing screening program for the newborns of the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of Shanghai Children's Medical Center. The program consisted of a two-step screening stage using DPOAE and automated ABR (AABR) at the age of a few days, and a diagnostic stage including otoscopy, measuring ...
Kafando Eléonore - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of sickle cell disorders (SCDs) and the feasibility of a neonatal screening programme in Ouagadougou. METHODS: During 2000, 2003 and 2004, 2341 cord blood samples obtained in five maternity hospitals in Ouagadougou were screened for SCDs using an isoelectric focusing technique. The feasibility of a ...
Gareri Joey - - 2005
I have several patients whom I suspect are drinking during pregnancy. How can I find out for sure if they are? You can use one of the validated tools to screen for problem drinking. Motherisk uses the TWEAK test, but others are just as good. Following birth, you can test ...
Boone Ryan T - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the prevalence of middle ear disease in infants failing a newborn hearing screening program. Review the outcomes of those infants diagnosed with or without middle ear disease after failed hearing screen. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of 76 patients referred to a tertiary care institution for evaluation of a ...
Chien Yin-Hsiu - - 2005
Measurement of methionine levels in dried blood spots has been one of the items of neonatal screening in Taiwan for more than 20 years. In 1,701,591 newborns, 17 cases of hypermethioninemia were detected, but among them only one had homocystinuria. More than half of the 16 cases of isolated hypermethioninemia ...
Mehta Manisha - - 2005
PURPOSE: This pilot study compared the physiological and behavioural changes in premature infants undergoing three different methods of screening for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized cross-over pilot study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifteen premature infants requiring screening for ROP were recruited, and physiological and behavioural responses produced by ...
Smergel Eleanor - - 2004
Early diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is important to institute appropriate treatment and reduce the incidence of long-term complications. Risk factors for DDH include genetic, developmental, mechanical, and physiologic factors. Physical examination using Ortolani and Barlow maneuvers is standard for early detection. Plain film radiography is limited ...
Sewell Ryan K - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence of hearing loss (HL) in Union Army (UA) veterans by year, birth cohort, and occupation, and to compare Civil War pension and contemporary disability programs by examining monthly dollar awards. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of medical records for 17,722 UA veteran pension applicants, a ...
Bener Abdulbari - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss (HL) and its complications appear to be increasingly common in developing countries. Previous studies have supported the association between hearing loss and consanguinity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to determine the frequency of hearing loss and its association with consanguinity among Qatari population. In ...
Yoshikawa Satoko - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the incidence of neonatal hearing loss in well-baby populations and in a neonatal intensive care unit and to identify potential risk factors for hearing loss in a neonatal intensive care unit which the Joint Committee on Infant Hearing (JCIH) had not recommended. METHODS: Auditory screening was conducted ...
Dowson Duncan - - 2004
The use of metal-on-metal low-wearing bearings has promoted great interest in the factors determining the volume of wear debris generated in such joints, including the developing surface replacement alternatives. Twenty-six pairs of low- and high-carbon components in wrought or cast form of 36 mm nominal diameter and exhibiting similar clearances ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >