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Bloch-Salisbury Elisabeth E Department of Neurology University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA; Department of Pediatrics, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Kangaroo care, i.e., skin-to-skin cohabitation (SSC) between an infant and caregiver, is often used in neonatal intensive care units to promote bonding, breastfeeding and infant growth. The direct salutary effects of SSC on cardio-respiratory control in preterm infants remain equivocal; some reports suggest improved breathing stability, others indicate worsening of ...
Sandler Adam L AL Department of Neurological Surgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University/Montefiore Medical - - 2014
While autologous split calvaria remains the preferred material for use in pediatric cranioplasty, it may be difficult to split the bone neatly into two distinct pieces, especially in infants and young children. In this paper, the authors present a technique in which numerous split pieces of bone can be readily ...
Fanos Vassilios V Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Puericulture Institute and Neonatal Section, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Metabolomics, the latest "omics" technology aims to study the complete set of low molecular weight metabolites that may change according to the physiological or the pathological state of the organism. Clinical studies dealing with metabolomics in neonatal and pediatric nephrology are very few. In this paper we present the experimental ...
Hoehl Stefanie S a Institute of Psychology , Heidelberg University , Heidelberg , - - 2014
We examined infants' oscillatory brain activity during a live interaction with an adult who showed them novel objects. Activation in the alpha frequency range was assessed. Nine-month-old infants responded with desynchronization of alpha-band activity when looking at an object together with an adult during a social interaction involving eye contact. ...
Hamlin J Kiley JK Departent of Psychology, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, - - 2014
Adults tend to attribute agency and intention to the causes of negative outcomes, even if those causes are obviously mechanical. Is this over-attribution of negative agency the result of years of practice with attributing agency to actual conspecifics, or is it a foundational aspect of our agency-detection system, present in ...
Fagard Jacqueline J Laboratory Psychology of Perception, CNRS UMR 8242 - Université Paris Descartes Paris, - - 2014
We describe the results of a longitudinal study on five infants from age 12 to 20 months, presented with an out of reach toy and a rake-like tool within reach. Five conditions of spatial relationship between toy and rake were tested. Outcomes and types of behavior were analyzed. There were ...
Lundin Patrik P Lund University, Department of Physics, P.O. Box 118, SE-221 00 Lund, - - 2013
Preterm newborn infants have a high morbidity rate. The most frequently affected organs where free gas is involved are the lungs and intestines. In respiratory distress syndrome, both hyperexpanded and atelectatic (collapsed) areas occur, and in necrotizing enterocolitis, intramural gas may appear in the intestine. Today, these conditions are diagnosed ...
Fawcett Christine - - 2013
Eye tracking was used to show that 18-month-old infants are sensitive to social context as a sign that others' actions are bound together as a collaborative sequence based on a joint goal. Infants observed five identical demonstrations in which Actor 1 moved a block to one location and Actor 2 ...
Steinman Gary - - 2013
The emergence of autism in young children appears to result from dysmyelination of brain neurons, related to inadequate supply of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) in the newborn. This report is intended to bring together relevant observations from prior research to develop a new, innovative hypothesis to elucidate the mechanism underlying ...
Paterson David S DS Department of Pathology, Enders Building Room 1109, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115, United States. Electronic address: - - 2013
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is defined as the sudden and unexpected death of an infant less than 12 months of age that is related to a sleep period and remains unexplained after a complete autopsy, death scene investigation, and review of the clinical history. The cause of SIDS is ...
Hackam David J DJ Department of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh and University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, One Children's Hospital Drive, 4401 Penn Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15224, USA. - - 2013
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the leading cause of death from gastrointestinal causes in premature infants, and its overall survival has not improved in the past three decades. While the precise cause of NEC remains incompletely understood, we and others have shown that a major predisposing factor in the development and ...
Schüller S S - - 2013
Bacterial and viral infections cause high rates of morbidity and mortality in premature newborns. In the setting of viral infection, pDCs play a key role as strong producers of IFN-α upon TLR9 activation. We analyzed pDC frequency, phenotype, morphology, and function in CB of preterm and term newborns in comparison ...
Scopesi Fabio - - 2013
Effects of early surfactant administration to premature newborns have been widely investigated in several RCTs. Furthermore, recent studies and metanalysis have compared early with delayed administration as well as selective and prophylactic use of surfactant. These data from the literature are discussed in the present review together with the factors ...
Rocha Frederico G - - 2013
Preterm birth (PTB) is a global problem with a high incidence in the developing world. Relaxin (RLN) has classically been associated with parturition, but its role(s) in the human have been difficult to determine. For the first time, we bring together the systemic (ovarian) and autocrine/paracrine (intrauterine) sources of RLN, ...
Gordon Wendy - - 2013
On March 6-7, 2013, some of the greatest minds in research and the provision of maternity care came together for a workshop on "Research Issues in the Assessment of Birth Settings," hosted by the prestigious Institute of Medicine (IOM) and sponsored by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation.
Futagi Yasuyuki - - 2012
The plantar grasp reflex is of great clinical significance, especially in terms of the detection of spasticity. The palmar grasp reflex also has diagnostic significance. This grasp reflex of the hands and feet is mediated by a spinal reflex mechanism, which appears to be under the regulatory control of nonprimary ...
Azhan Aminath - - 2012
Systemic hypotension in preterm infants has been related to increased mortality, cerebrovascular lesions, and neurodevelopmental morbidity. Treatment of hypotension with inotropic medications aims at preservation of end organ perfusion and oxygen delivery, especially the brain. The common inotropic medications in preterm infants include dopamine, dobutamine, adrenaline, with adjunctive use of ...
Krishnakumar Ambika - - 2011
This study examines the predictors of birth outcomes among women of European and African ancestry and considers the birthplace of the babies' fathers (foreign born vs. native born) as a protective factor. This is a secondary data analysis of 146,431 singleton births among women of European and African ancestry, both ...
Masho Saba W SW Department of Epidemiology and Community Health and Obstetrics and Gynecology, Virginia Commonwealth University, 1000 East Clay Street, P. O. Box 980212, Richmond, VA 23298-0212, USA. - - 2011
The United States continues to have one of the highest infant mortality rates (IMR). Although studies have examined the association between maternal and infant birth outcomes, few studies have examined the impact of maternal birth outcome on infant mortality. This study was designed to examine the influence of maternal low ...
Baud Olivier - - 2011
Premature birth often is associated with neurodevelopmental disabilities. In this issue of Science Translational Medicine, a pair of papers investigate-in patients and in a reliable animal model-the effects of glucocorticoids on cerebellar development after premature birth.
Eisenhauer Elizabeth - - 2011
The study was conducted to evaluate a regional, prospective database of information on mothers of low birth weight (LBW) infants. The database informs on unidentified or under-reported modifiable risk factors from which evidence-based, targeted community intervention strategies could be designed to lower the rate of low birth weight in the ...
Zhang Lei - - 2011
This study aimed to identify factors contributing to high rates of preterm birth (PTB), low birth weight (LBW) and infant mortality in Mississippi while considering both traditional risk factors and maternal medical conditions. The retrospective cohort study used 1996-2003 Mississippi linked birth and infant death files. Multiple logistic regression was ...
Speciale Anna Maria - - 2011
This study sought the existence of an immigrant health paradox by evaluating the relationship between region of origin and the perinatal indicators of low birth weight and preterm birth in Spain. The data consist of individual records from the 2006 National Birth Registry of Spain. Mother's origin was divided into ...
Musholt Kristina - - 2011
The author claims that concept possession is not only necessary but also sufficient for self-consciousness, where self-consciousness is understood as the awareness of oneself as a self. Further, he links concept possession to intelligent behavior. His ultimate aim is to provide a framework for the study of self-consciousness in infants ...
Sato Miho - - 2011
Aim:  The aim of this study is to elucidate whether the stage of chorioamnionitis is or is not associated with the development of neonatal diseases. Material & Methods:  We reviewed the neonatal intensive care unit discharge files and placental pathology reports of 302 preterm infants. The presence of various stages ...
Davis Keith L - - 2011
Background: Assessments of vaccination programmes should account for several important factors, including efficacy, safety and costs of preventing and treating the disease. Because patients with invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) are managed primarily in an inpatient setting, hospital costs and outcomes are central endpoints in health economic evaluations of IMD. Objective: ...
Collins James W - - 2011
To determine whether economic environment across generations underlies the association of maternal low birth weight (<2,500 g, LBW) and infant LBW including its preterm (<37 weeks) and intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) components. Stratified and multilevel logistic regression analyses were performed on an Illinois transgenerational dataset of White and African-American infants ...
McGoogan Katherine E - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To better characterize the clinical outcomes of infants with herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection and identify useful correlates of disease severity. STUDY DESIGN: Infants aged ≤6 months with HSV infection treated between 1999 and 2009 were identified. In patients with concurrent hepatitis, laboratory and clinical variables were examined to ...
Stoll Barbara J - - 2011
Guidelines for prevention of group B streptococcal (GBS) infection have successfully reduced early onset (EO) GBS disease. Study results suggest that Escherichia coli is an important EO pathogen. To determine EO infection rates, pathogens, morbidity, and mortality in a national network of neonatal centers. Infants with EO infection were identified ...
Schilithz Arthur Orlando Corrêa - - 2011
International ecological studies have shown a positive association between infant mortality as a proxy for low birth weight and cardiovascular disease mortality in adult life. Mortality rates due to Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDMR) standardised by age in adults between 45 and 69 years of age and by place of birth (pob) ...
Lee Jennifer W - - 2011
This review will examine the unique susceptibility of premature infants to oxidative stress, the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the pathogenesis of common disorders of the preterm infant, and potential for therapeutic interventions using enzymatic and/or nonenzymatic antioxidants. Oxidative stress is caused by an imbalance between the production ...
Indrio Flavia F University of Bari, Bari, - - 2011
The increasing use of probiotics in neonates deserves scrutiny of the therapeutic as well as potentially harmful effects of these bacteria. In this review we describe the possible application of probiotics in the more common diseases in the neonatal period. Recent advances in our capability to identify microbes and their ...
Sholler Gary F - - 2011
Aim:  The fetal or post-natal diagnosis of major congenital cardiac abnormality has important medical and psychological consequences. Methods:  We reviewed infants who underwent cardiac surgery in the first year of life at the Heart Centre for Children, The Children's Hospital at Westmead during 2009. The aims of this study were ...
Smits-Wintjens Vivianne E H J - - 2011
Background: Despite limited data, international guidelines recommend the use of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) in neonates with rhesus hemolytic disease. Objective: We tested whether prophylactic use of IVIg reduces the need for exchange transfusions in neonates with rhesus hemolytic disease. Design and Setting: We performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in ...
Towns Dale - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The first case describing the SARAH (SARA) antigen occurred in 1990, in an Australian blood donor. Hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN) due to anti-SARA has not been previously described. CASE REPORT: We report a case of HDFN in a multiparous female. The pregnancy was unremarkable except ...
Imdad Aamer - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Childhood malnutrition is prevalent in developing countries and contributes to one-third of all deaths in these countries. There have been advances in prevention of childhood malnutrition and the purpose of this article was to review the current evidence in the field. RECENT FINDINGS: Multiple micronutrient (MMN) supplements ...
Lothe Ashish - - 2011
Aim:  To illustrate, via case histories, the importance of laboratory investigations for the early diagnosis and management of metabolic bone disease (MBD). Methods:  We report three cases of extreme premature infants with MBD. Results:  These three infants had several risk factors for MBD of prematurity: very low birthweight, delayed enteral ...
Anderson Jeffrey B - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Adequate nutritional support is essential for normal infant growth and development. Infants with congenital cardiac disease are known to be at risk for growth failure. We sought to describe perioperative growth in infants undergoing surgical repair of two-ventricle congenital cardiac disease and assess for predictors of their pattern of ...
Gaaloul Imed - - 2011
Virus-induced myocarditis is a common disease even in infants and young adults, but the diagnosis can be difficult according to the Dallas-criteria, which have been criticized as being too unreliable. The diagnosis has been substantially improved due to immunohistochemistry (IHC) for the detection of the VP1-capsid-protein of enterovirus as well ...
Adamovic T - - 2011
Severe hyperammonemia (hyperNH3) in neonatal cardiac failure after cardiac surgery is rare. We report a case of a 2470-g female infant born at the week 37 of gestation with complex congenital heart disease (truncus arteriosus type III, interrupted aortic arch and tricuspid valve insufficiency) and hemodynamically non-significant intrahepatic arterio-venous malformation. ...
Adamovic T - - 2011
Severe hyperammonemia (hyperNH3) in neonatal cardiac failure after cardiac surgery is rare. We report a case of a 2 470-g female infant born at the week 37 of gestation with complex congenital heart disease (truncus arteriosus type III, interrupted aortic arch and tricuspid valve insufficiency) and hemodynamically non-significant intrahepatic arterio-venous ...
Norton Karen I - - 2011
We retrospectively studied term and near-term infants to determine if there is an increased prevalence of choroid plexus cysts associated with congenital heart disease. We reviewed 231 consecutive cranial ultrasound examinations from January 2005 through December 2008 on infants between 37-42 weeks of gestation (115 infants with and 116 without ...
Furuhjelm Catrin - - 2011
To cite this article: Furuhjelm C, Warstedt K, Fagerås M, Fälth-Magnusson K, Larsson J, Fredriksson M, Duchén K. Allergic disease in infants up to 2 yr of age in relation to plasma omega-3 fatty acids and maternal fish oil supplementation in pregnancy and lactation. Pediatric Allergy and Immunology 2011; Doi no: ...
Abdelmaaboud Mohamed - - 2011
Objective: To evaluate the difference between universal screening and risk-based strategies in the prevention of early-onset Group-B streptococcal (EOGBS) disease. Subjects: Cases of EOGBS disease from 2003 to 2009 were identified by a search of the microbiology laboratory's computerized database. Interventions: Maternal screening for Group-B Streptococci was done for all ...
Madden Kevin - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: The objective of this article is to describe a case of recurrent delirium after cardiac surgery in an infant. DESIGN:: Case report. The institutional review board at Children's Hospital Los Angeles waived the need for informed consent. SETTING:: •••. PATIENT:: A male infant with hypoplastic left heart syndrome who ...
Al-Lawama Manar - - 2011
Three pandemics of influenza in the 20th century have been described. Unfortunately, a little is known about the effect of those pandemics on newborn infants. We are reporting our experience with newborns born to mothers proved to have H1N1 illness perinatally, who presented with sepsis-like illness at birth or shortly ...
Groothuis Jessie R - - 2011
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes significant morbidity in very young children, preterm infants with and without chronic lung disease, and children with hemodynamically significant congenital heart disease. In the absence of a safe and effective vaccine, alternative means of protecting high-risk infants and young children from serious RSV illness have ...
Xirasagar Sudha - - 2011
In Taiwan, immigrant women by marriage face social discrimination due to widespread impressions that they give birth to low birth weight, high-risk, high cost babies due to their lower socioeconomic status, shorter stature, and lower pre-pregnant weight than native-born Taiwanese women. This study compared crude and adjusted birth outcomes of ...
Gandhi Rupali - - 2011
Infants undergoing heart transplantation have the highest early posttransplant mortality of any age group. We sought to determine the pretransplantation factors associated with in-hospital mortality in transplanted infants in the current era. All infants under 12 months of age who underwent primary heart transplantation during a recent 10-year period (1999-2009) ...
Sanu Olaleye - - 2011
Objective. The aim of this study was to review the evidence associating periodontal disease, and bacterial vaginosis with preterm birth, and the link with gene polymorphism, as well as the preventions and interventions which might reduce the risk of spontaneous preterm labor and preterm births in women with periodontal disease and/or ...
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