Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1474
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Mullany L C LC Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205-2103, USA. - - 2007
Classification of infants into low birth weight (LBW, <2500 g) or very low birth weight (VLBW, <2000 g) categories is a crucial step in targeting interventions to high-risk infants. To compare the validity of chest circumference and foot length as surrogate anthropometric measures for the identification of LBW and VLBW ...
Dalziel Stuart R - - 2006
Small birth size is associated with reduced adult bone mass. We determined if antenatal betamethasone exposure, birth weight, or prematurity affects peak bone mass in 174 adults. Antenatal betamethasone exposure did not. Lower birth weight and prematurity predicted reduced adult height. Slower fetal growth rather than prematurity predicted lower bone ...
Vaidyanathan Balu - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess somatic growth after ventricular septal defect (VSD) repair in severely malnourished infants. STUDY DESIGN: Ninety consecutive infants (age at surgery: 7.2 +/- 3.2 months) were followed after VSD closure at a referral center in southern India to evaluate somatic growth. RESULTS: At surgery, 44% and 30% of ...
Murphy Michael J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: High birth weight predicts subsequent obesity, but paradoxically, a reduced risk of subsequent cardiovascular disease compared with low birth weight. This apparent paradox might be explained if high birth weight programmed a greater proportion of subsequent lean mass, which carries less cardiovascular risk than fat tissue. AIM: The aim ...
Forsum Elisabet - - 2006
Infant birth weight has increased recently, representing an obstetric and potentially a public health problem since high birth weight involves a risk of obesity later in life. Maternal nutritional status is important for fetal growth and therefore relationships between maternal body weight and composition v. birth weight and infant subcutaneous ...
Feldman Ruth - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work was to examine the relations among neuromaturation, mother-infant relationship, and cognitive development in small-for-gestational-age premature infants and to assess the interactive effects of birth weight and intrauterine growth restriction on developmental outcomes. METHODS: We studied 120 singleton premature infants (birth weight: 530-1790 g; gestational ...
Basso Olga - - 2006
The association between birth weight and mortality is among the strongest seen in epidemiology. While preterm delivery causes both small babies and high mortality, it does not explain this association. Fetal growth restriction has also been proposed, although its features are unclear because it lacks a definition independent of weight. ...
Wapner Ronald J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if weekly corticosteroids improve neonatal outcome without undue harm. STUDY DESIGN: Women 23 to 32 weeks receiving 1 course of corticosteroids 7 to 10 days prior were randomized to weekly betamethasone or placebo. RESULTS: The study was terminated by the independent ...
Stephens Mark B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether maternal prepregnancy shoe size can be used to reliably predict infant birth weight. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional study of 111 consecutive patients admitted to the maternity care unit of a small community hospital. Data collected included prepregnancy height, maternal weight, maternal shoe size, maternal age, ...
Tema T - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and determinants of low birth weights (LBW). DESIGN: A cross-sectional descriptive study. SETTING: Four health centers (Jimma, Agaro, Asendabo and Shebe) within 5-50 km radius from Jimma University and Jimma University hospital from September 1, 2002 to March 30, 2003. SUBJECTS: Mothers with newborns delivered ...
Rogers J Felix - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to examine systematically the association between maternal exposure to particulate matter of <10 microm and very low birth weight (<1500 g) delivery for evidence of an effect on duration of gestation and/or intrauterine growth restriction. METHODS: This case-control study took place between April 1, 1986, and ...
Machado Carla Jorge - - 2006
The aim of this study is to analyse the impact of maternal age at first birth on low birth weight, preterm birth and low Apgar scores at one minute and at five minutes among live births delivered to primiparous Brazilian women in the city of São Paulo. Analyses were based ...
Haldre Kai - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of low birth weight, preterm birth, stillbirth, neonatal and postneonatal death among primiparous teenagers having singleton births, compared to a similar group of women aged 20-24 years in Estonia during the period of major socio-economic changes. STUDY DESIGN: Registry study using the data from the ...
Kulkarni B - - 2006
This study explored the relationship of maternal body composition parameters to the birth weight of the offspring. Maternal anthropometric parameters (weight, height) and body composition by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry were measured in 76 women from low-income group during 12-21 days postpartum. The mean+/-s.d. height, weight of the mothers and ...
Chen Pau-Chung - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Previous studies about the effect of lead exposure on adverse birth outcomes are still inconsistent and few studies estimate the relationship between parental lead exposure and small for gestational age (SGA) infants. An occupational cohort study to assess whether parental lead exposure would be related to decreased birth weight ...
Brialić Irena - - 2006
AIM: To assess secular trends in birth weights of liveborn infants in Croatia from 1983 to 2003. METHODS: Of a total of 959,591 liveborn infants in the study period, 384,367 were born in the prewar (1983-1989), 226,226 during the war (1991-1995), and 348 998 in the postwar (1996-2003) period. The ...
Nair R Bindu - - 2006
Even though birth weight is the most sensitive predictor of health and outcome, accurate weighing and proper recording are not done in most developing countries. Most neonates lose 10% of body weight soon after birth and when such babies subsequently come for medical care, it becomes difficult to know whether ...
Ben-Haroush Avi - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the accuracy of ultrasound-based fetal weight estimates made at 28-34 weeks of gestation in predicting small- and large-for-gestational-age infants (SGA, LGA) at term. METHODS: Two-hundred and fifty-nine patients with a healthy, singleton pregnancy in whom fetal biometry measurements were routinely performed between 28 and 34 weeks' gestation, ...
Hartinger S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether birth weights are lower at high altitudes, and whether gestational age at birth and a population's length of residence mitigate the effect of high altitude. METHODS: The birth weights of 84,173 neonates recorded in the Peruvian Perinatal Information System Database were analyzed between 1995 and 2002 ...
Katz Joanne - - 2006
Certain antenatal micronutrient supplements increased birth weight by 40-70 g in rural Nepal. The effect was estimated by calculating the mean difference in birth weight between control and treatment groups, which assumes a constant treatment effect across the birth weight distribution. By estimating differences (and CI) in birth weight between ...
Khanjani Narges - - 2006
The effects of organochlorines on human reproduction have been recently under scrutiny. Some negative effects on animal reproduction have been reported. In this study we aimed to evaluate the effect of maternal contamination with a certain group of organochlorines, which are cyclodienes, HCB (hexachlorobenzene) and beta-BHC (beta-hexachlorocyclohexane) on human reproduction. ...
Gisselmann Marit Dahlén - - 2006
The aim of this study is to investigate how maternal childhood and adulthood social class contribute to social inequalities in low birth weight, neonatal mortality and postneonatal mortality. In particular I consider the combined influence of childhood and adult class, and compare outcomes with regard to the time distance from ...
Boggess Kim A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine whether periodontal disease is associated with delivery of a small-for-gestational-age infant. STUDY DESIGN: In a prospective study of oral health, periodontal disease was categorized as health, mild, or moderate/severe on the basis of clinical criteria. Small for gestational age was defined ...
Tardiff Robert G - - 2006
Disinfection by-products (DBP) are produced when water is treated with chemical disinfectants. Some toxicological and epidemiological studies suggest an association between DBP exposure and adverse reproductive and developmental effects. In a previous critical review, [Graves, C.G., Matanoski, G.M., Tardiff, R.G., 2001. Weight of evidence for an association between adverse reproductive ...
Leotta Giannina - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Several epidemiological studies have suggested a link between low birth weight and coronary heart disease; this may be partly due to the association between low birth weight and conventional risk factors. Among the factors involved in the regulation of cardiovascular homeostasis, baroreflexes play a crucial role. The ...
Tomlinson C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess longitudinal changes in speed of sound (SOS) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and investigate the relationship with markers of osteopathy of prematurity (OP) and clinical illness. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-five infants were recruited. Eighteen infants, median gestation 27 weeks (range 24-32), median birth weight 957 g ...
Panaretto Katie - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess the characteristics of Indigenous births and to examine the risk factors for preterm (<37 weeks), low birth weight (<2,500 g) and small for gestational age (SGA) births in a remote urban setting. DESIGN: Prospective cohort of singleton births to women attending Townsville Aboriginal and Islander Health Services ...
Fenster Laura - - 2006
From 1940 through the 1970s, organochlorine compounds were widely used as insecticides in the United States. Thereafter, their use was severely restricted after recognition of their persistence in the environment, their toxicity in animals, and their potential for endocrine disruption. Although substantial evidence exists for the fetal toxicity of organochlorines ...
Balsamo Antonio - - 2006
The aims of this study were to: (1) retrospectively investigate the birth length and weight of our patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH); (2) compare these parameters with standards for birth length and weight recently assessed in an Italian control population; (3) evaluate whether neonatal auxological data may change depending ...
Lin Chih-Ming - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to determine if elevated ambient exposure to incinerator generated polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) may affect birth outcomes of exposed infants born in Taipei metropolitan areas, Taiwan. The relationships between exposure to elevated PCDD/Fs concentration and various birth outcomes including birth weight, gestational age, ...
Sadatmansouri S - - 2006
Considering the high prevalence of preterm birth (PTB) and low birth weight (LBW) and their complications as well as the role played by periodontal disease in their incidence and the lack of any report of periodontal therapy on these problems in Iran, the goal of the present research was to ...
Bergvall Niklas - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We sought to study whether the association between being born small for gestational age and risk for low intellectual performance was modified by gestational age. METHODS: A population-based cohort study was conducted of 352,125 boys who were born between 28 and 43 completed weeks of gestation from 1973 to ...
Lieberman Ellice - - 2006
The present study tested the hypothesis that embryos with a lower number of cells on day 3 would be associated with infants born of lower weight. Singleton births (n = 447) were analysed to assess mean birth weight according to mean cell number in the transferred cohort. Mean birth weight ...
Simon Dyan M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the relationship between maternal birth weight, infant intrauterine growth retardation, and prematurity. METHODS: Stratified and logistic regression analyses were performed on a dataset of computerized Illinois vital records of African American (N = 61,849) and White (N = 203,698) infants born between 1989 and ...
López Camelo Jorge S - - 2006
Several studies of South American populations showed that altitude is associated with low birth weight and intrauterine growth retardation. Although some of them analyzed the altitude-birth weight association, only a few assessed the effect of the interaction between altitude and socioeconomic factors on birth weight. The purpose of this research ...
Stein L J LJ Monell Chemical Senses Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2006
Birth weight and sodium intake are both associated with risk for hypertension. It is not known whether birth weight influences response to salty taste. To assess the relationship between birth weight and salty taste acceptance of infants and young children. Acceptance of salty taste was assessed at 2 (n = ...
Narli Nejat - - 2006
This study was conducted in order to assess the normal range of subarachnoid space width in healthy term newborns. A total of 230 healthy newborns were evaluated within the first 28 days of life. Measurements were correlated with body weight, height and head circumference. Mean measurements for falx-cortex and craniocortical ...
Hossain M A - - 2006
Birth weight of new born will vary according to gestational age, maternal, Placental and foetal intrauterine conditions. Postnatal weight change in the first few days of life (early neonatal period) may vary according to gestational age and birth weight. This may create problem in management of these babies. Birth weight ...
Shields Beverley M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Birth weight is a composite of skeletal size and soft tissue. These components are likely to have different growth patterns. The aim of this paper is to investigate the association between established determinants of birth weight and these separate components. METHODS: Weight, length, crown-rump, knee-heel, head circumference, arm circumference, ...
Tapare V S - - 2006
The present cross-sectional study collected data regarding birth weight along with arm and thigh circumference of 174 consecutive newborns delivered at Maternity Hospital, Tasgaon during 2003. To compare & evaluate utility of arm & thigh circumferences for the detection of LBW newborns. Assessment of the best suitable measurement for identification ...
Mikkelsen Tina B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether fruit and vegetable consumption in pregnancy is associated with birth weight in a Western population. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study based on telephone interviews, a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), and extractions of birth characteristics from national health registries. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: The 43,585 Danish women from the ...
Ruiz R Jeanne - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictive ability of acculturation as an antecedent of stress, biobehavioral risk, corticotropin-releasing hormone levels, and poor birth outcomes in pregnant Hispanic women. DESIGN: A prospective, observational design with data collected at 22-25 weeks of gestation and at birth through medical record review. SETTING: Public prenatal health ...
Teshome D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the pattern of birth weight of neonates in a teaching-referral hospital and to identify some epidemiological parameters associated with them. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective descriptive study, using a pre-prepared Questionnaire, on all deliveries in the maternity ward during one year. SETTING: The Gondar College of Medical Sciences ...
Power Chris - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To establish whether effects of birth weight and socioeconomic position on cognition are explained or modified by home or learning environments. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective birth cohort (n = 13,980) with math tests at 7, 11, and 16 years of age and qualifications by 33 years of age. RESULTS: For ...
Gomes-Filho Isaac S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to verify the relation between periodontal status and prematurity/low birth weight. METHODS: a case control study of 211 women, 44 being mothers of children born with weight below 2.500g or gestational age of less than 37 weeks (case group) and 177 mothers of children born with ...
Hsieh Wu-Shiun - - 2006
There are limited nationwide population-based data about birth weight percentiles by gestational age in Taiwan. The purpose of this study was to develop updated intrauterine growth charts that are population based and contain the information of birth weight percentiles by gestational age for singleton newborns in Taiwan. We abstracted and ...
Colman Atalie - - 2006
AIM: To assess the reliability of ultrasound estimation of fetal weight undertaken antenatally at Wellington Hospital (Wellington City, New Zealand) in women with a singleton pregnancy = or >37 weeks gestation. METHOD: Data were collected retrospectively for pregnant women who had undergone ultrasound estimation of fetal weight <7 days prior ...
Neggers Yasmin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The influence of psychosocial factors such as stress, anxiety, depression, and self-esteem on birth weight is controversial. A prospective study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between pregnancy outcomes, psychosocial profile, and maternal health practices. METHODS: 3,149 low-income, predominantly African-American pregnant women participated in this study. A 28-item psychosocial ...
Collins James W JW - - 2006
To explore the intergenerational birth-weight patterns of the direct female descendants of Mexican-American women. This is a population-based study. Stratified analyses were performed on a transgenerational dataset of 1956-1975 and 1989-1991 Illinois computerized vital records of Mexican-American infants. Among the descendants of generation 1 US-born Mexican-American women (n=1,940), generation 3 ...
Lumley Judith - - 2006
In the 1980s there was substantial interest in early pregnancy and pre-pregnancy interventions to increase birth weight and reduce preterm birth. We developed an inter-pregnancy intervention, implemented in a randomised controlled trial, to be provided by midwives at home soon after women's first birth. MCH nurses invited women to take ...
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