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Results 351 - 400 of 1469
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Nekatibeb Gezahegn - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Birth weight is a sensitive indicator for predicting the chances of both infant survival and healthy child growth and development. Low birth weight continues to remain a major public health problem related to poverty, social factors such as lower status of women, malnutrition, lack of anti-natal care, etc., in ...
Ojha N - - 2007
The objective of this study was to determine the relationship of maternal anthropometry with low birth weight at term. This study was conducted at the Maternity Hospital, Thapathali, from 6th December 2004 to 30th January 2005. It was a prospective, hospital based, comparative study, carried out in 308 women who ...
Hien Nguyen Thanh - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Birthweight and length have been reported to be important determinants of infant growth and future nutritional status. The study aims to describe the weight and length growth patterns during the first year of life of low-birthweight (LBW) ethnic minority infants in the mountainous province Backan, Vietnam. METHODS: A total ...
Ahlsson F - - 2007
AIM: To analyse if females born large for gestational age (LGA) have an increased risk to give birth to LGA infants and to study anthropometric characteristics in macrosomic infants of females born LGA. METHODS: The investigation was performed as an intergenerational retrospective study of women born between 1973 and 1983, ...
Amador-Licona Norma - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies correlate low birth weight and the subsequent development of diabetes mellitus (DM). Early changes in insulin resistance in infants with catch-up growth (CUG) have not been evaluated in our population. AIM: To identify dietary and metabolic features associated with CUG in infants born small for gestational age ...
Painter Rebecca C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Experimental evidence indicates that maternal undernutrition during gestation may program hypertension in the offspring. We investigated whether maternal undernutrition leads to increased arterial stiffness. METHODS: We measured carotid artery lumen diameter (LD), distensibility (DC), stiffness (beta), and compliance (CC) by M-mode ultrasound in 673 individuals, aged 56-61 years, who ...
Matsuoka Oscar Tadashi - - 2007
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Low birth weight is associated with higher blood pressure in childhood and adulthood. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) on newborn systolic blood pressure (SBP). DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective comparative study at Neonatal and Intensive in Clinical Pediatrics ...
Shittu Akinola S - - 2007
A prospective study was conducted at Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria, between 3 January and 31May 2004, to compare the accuracy of clinical and ultrasonographic estimation of foetal weight at term. One hundred pregnant women who fulfilled the inclusion criteria had their foetal weight estimated independently using ...
Yang Chun-Yuh - - 2007
Chlorination has been the major strategy for disinfection of drinking water in Taiwan. Recently there has been interest in the relationship between by-products of disinfection of drinking water and pregnancy outcomes including low birth weight and preterm delivery. We performed a study to examine the effects of exposure to total ...
Lunde Astrid - - 2007
Familial correlations in birth weight and gestational age have been explained by fetal and maternal genetic factors, mainly in studies on offspring of twins. The aim of the present intergenerational study was to estimate and compare fetal and maternal genetic effects and shared sibling environmental effects on birth weight and ...
Mumtaz Ghina - - 2007
Consanguinity, the marriage between relatives, has been associated with adverse child health outcomes because it increases homozygosity of recessive alleles. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of consanguinity on the birth weight of newborns in Greater Beirut, Lebanon. Cross-sectional data were collected on 10,289 consecutive liveborn ...
Beaty T H - - 2007
Physical size at birth (primarily birth weight) is a key predictor of infant mortality and morbidity and may serve as a predictor of risk to chronic disease in adulthood. By use of birth records, it is sometimes possible to accumulate large, even massive, data sets that can permit analyses to ...
Chodick Gabriel - - 2007
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of season on birth weight and whether it is expressed also in fluctuations of proportions of extreme birth weights. METHODS: Information about 225,545 singletons born during 1998 to 2004 was obtained from a large health maintenance organization in Israel. We conducted a linear regression analysis ...
Whitmore G A - - 2007
Babies born live under 2,500 g or with a gestational age under 37 weeks are often inadequately developed and have elevated risks of infant mortality, congenital malformations, mental retardation, and other physical and neurological impairments. In this paper, we model birth weight as a first hitting time (FHT) of a ...
de Mello Filomena Bernardes - - 2007
This study describes intra-hospital survival rates of very-low-birth-weight infants, as well as factors present at birth associated with survival, during a period of 10 years. This is a Retrospective cohort study performed in a 3rd level nursery at Santa Joana Maternity Hospital, a fee-paying institution in Sao Paulo, Brazil. From ...
Knight Bridget - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Offspring of mothers with diabetes have increased birth weight and higher rates of obesity in early childhood. The relative role of maternal glycemia and maternal obesity is uncertain. We therefore studied the impact of maternal glycemia and maternal obesity on offspring birth measures and early postnatal growth in nondiabetic ...
Dorak M Tevfik - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Higher birth weight and maternal history of miscarriage has been associated with an increased risk of childhood leukemia. The possibility that this association may be sex-specific has not been explored in detail in previous studies. METHODS: In a retrospective case-control study, 732 childhood (< or =14 years) cancer cases ...
Manal A. Mohsen
This study aims to assess mother weight, height and body mass index (BMI = weight in kg/height in m<SUP>2</SUP>) as well as maternal and cord blood prealbumin, albumin, retinol binding protein, transferrin and fibronectin and their impaction on fetal growth. The study included 54 pregnant women at delivery with their ...
Sellström Eva - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The objective of this cohort study was to examine the effect on birth weight of living in a disadvantaged neighbourhood in a Nordic welfare state. Birth weight is a health indicator known to be sensitive to political and welfare state conditions. No former studies on urban neighbourhood differences regarding ...
Spector Logan G - - 2007
Leukemias with MLL gene rearrangements predominate in infants (<1 year of age), but not in older children, and may have a distinct etiology. High birth weight, higher birth order, and prior fetal loss have, with varying consistency, been associated with infant leukemia, but no studies have reported results with respect ...
Ogbonna Chinyere - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To examine relationships between maternal anthropometric measures in Zimbabwean women and indices of infant birth size. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of pregnant women admitted for labor and delivery at the Harare Maternity Hospital from July 1998 to March 1999. The study population was comprised of 498 participants ...
Pedersen Carsten B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight is associated with an increased risk of neonatal and infant mortality and morbidity, as well as with other adverse conditions later in life. Since the birth weight-specific mortality of a second child depends on the birth weight of an older sibling, a failure to achieve the ...
Sagiv Sharon K - - 2007
Organochlorines, including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and pesticides, are environmentally persistent contaminants that concentrate in the food chain as well in human adipose tissue and readily cross the placenta. To follow up on studies suggesting an association of organochlorine exposure with reduced birth size, we investigated the association of PCBs and ...
Gardner D S - - 2007
Knowledge of factors affecting variation in birth weight is especially important given the relationship of birth weight to neonatal and adult health. The present study utilises two large contemporary datasets in sheep of differing breeds to explore factors that influence weight at term. For dataset one (Study 1; n=154 Blue-faced ...
Crowell David H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Comparative study of racial-ethnic (RE) gestational age (GA) mean birth-weight (MBW) differences for 1968-1994. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive statistical analyses of 314,633 State of Hawai'i live birth certificates: birthweights of 500-5000 grams, gestational ages 24-42 weeks, and recorded Caucasian, Chinese, Filipino, Hawaiian, Japanese, Samoan, and Other RE parentage. Multiple regression ...
Nobile Carmelo G A - - 2007
The purpose of this study is to provide insight into the determinants of low birth weight (LBW) in Italy. The study was carried out in a non-teaching hospital in Catanzaro (Italy). All LBW and very LBW newborns (200) were included in the study and a random sample of 400 newborns ...
Williams Bryan L - - 2007
Hierarchical linear Models (HLM) is a useful way to analyze the relationships between community level environmental data, individual risk factors, and birth outcomes. With HLM we can determine the effects of potentially remediable environmental conditions (e.g., air pollution) after controlling for individual characteristics such as health factors and socioeconomic factors. ...
Sutton Nicole - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The improved survival of very low-birth-weight (<1,500 g) infants justifies more aggressive attempts to treat underlying congenital heart disease than in the past. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all catheterizations performed at our institution between January 1, 1990 and June 1, 2004 in infants weighing <1,500 g. We performed a ...
Pesonen Anu-Katriina - - 2006
The fetal programming hypothesis suggests that an adverse in utero environment, reflected in small body size at birth, has life-long effects on different physiological systems that may affect both health and behavior. We explored whether fetal growth was associated with biologically based temperamental outcomes (negative affectivity scales, the CBQ) among ...
Andreasyan K - - 2007
AIM: A high ponderal index at birth has been associated with later obesity and it has been suggested that intervention to prevent obesity and its sequela should consider the antenatal period. In this context, we investigated the association between maternal nutrition and birth anthropometry. DESIGN: We analyzed data on 1040 ...
Rylander Lars - - 2007
In Sweden the main exposure route for persistent organochlorine pollutants (POP) is through consumption of fatty fish from the Baltic Sea (off the eastern coast). The present study aimed to investigate whether intrauterine exposure for POP may have negative impact on children's weight and height at 4 and 7 years ...
Bánhidy Ferenc - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to study the possible association among maternal migraine during pregnancy, pregnancy complications, and the delivery outcomes: sex ratio, gestational age/birth weight and preterm birth/low birth weight. STUDY DESIGN: The population-based large data set of newborn infants without any defects of the Hungarian Case-Control Surveillance System of ...
Smits Luc - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Maternal stress during pregnancy has been reported to have an adverse influence on fetal growth. The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, on the United States have provoked feelings of insecurity and stress worldwide. Our aim was to test the hypothesis that maternal exposure to these acts of terrorism ...
Hemachandra Anusha H - - 2006
The developmental origins of the health and disease hypothesis suggests that fetal growth restriction (FGR) is a risk factor for several chronic diseases of adulthood. However, most supporting studies use birth weight as a proxy measure of FGR. To examine the relationship between birth weight and FGR, the present study ...
Pfab Thiemo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: It remains unclear whether the association between low birth weight and insulin resistance in adulthood has its origin in utero or whether it develops later in life depending on predisposition and exogenous factors. METHODS AND RESULTS: Total glycosylated hemoglobin (TGH) was quantified at delivery in 1295 mother/child pairs serving ...
Alves Renata Tolêdo - - 2006
It has been recently suggested that periodontal disease is an associated factor for prematurity and low birth weight. The aim of this work was to assess the periodontal status of puerperae and determine its possible relationship with preterm low birth weight (PLBW) delivery. The sample included 59 women seen at ...
Akani N A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Anecdotal evidence appears to suggest a progressive increase in the proportion of large babies born at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH), Nigeria. The objective of this study is to examine retrospectively the profile of birth weights at the UPTHover a defined time frame. METHODS: The birth ...
Akoijam B S - - 2006
Birth weight is an important determinant for child development and survival. Birth weight has been reported to be increasing with the passing years. There is no such accurate documentation from the state of Manipur. This cross sectional study has been attempted to see the birth weight pattern in the largest ...
Konyali A - - 2007
The relationships between placental characteristics and litter weight, factors affecting these characteristics, and the relationship between these characteristics and neonatal behaviour of goat kids were investigated in this study. The study was carried out over three consecutive years and animal material consisted of total 152 Turkish Saanen goats and their ...
Kalland Mirjam - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate retrospectively neonatal health and maternal background among a sample of children taken into custody and placed in foster care and to investigate the relation between medical and social risk in the neonatal period. METHOD: The data-linkage study combined two registries: the ...
Li Chung-Yi - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We validated infant birth weight by interview with mothers. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Infant birth weights obtained from maternal interview were compared with the data documented in birth certificates. Study subjects were mothers of 1,432 schoolchildren who participated in a diabetes mass screening program in 1992-1997, Taiwan. Data of ...
Hernández-Díaz Sonia - - 2006
Low birth weight (LBW) infants have lower infant mortality in groups in which LBW is most frequent. For example, in 1991, US infants born to smokers had higher risks of both LBW and infant mortality than infants born to nonsmokers. However, among LBW infants, infant mortality was lower for infants ...
Wilcox Allen J - - 2006
The strong association of birth weight with infant mortality is complicated by a paradoxical finding: Small babies in high-risk populations usually have lower risk than small babies in low-risk populations. In this issue of the Journal, Hernández-Díaz et al. (Am J Epidemiol 2006;164:1115-20) address this "birth weight paradox" using directed ...
Mansouri Haifaa A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To review the outcome of high-order gestations at King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH). METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all high order multiple pregnancy delivered at KAUH. The ante partum and postpartum complications and the neonatal outcome had been studied. RESULTS: Thirty-six triplets, five quadruplets, and one set of ...
Schmelzle Hansjörg Rudolf - - 2007
This study was performed to prove the applicability of the small-for-gestational age (SGA), appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA), and large-for-gestational age (LGA) classification depending on birth weight to predict percentage body fat (%BF) measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in term and preterm infants. The data of 159 healthy term and preterm ...
Mullany L C - - 2007
Classification of infants into low birth weight (LBW, <2500 g) or very low birth weight (VLBW, <2000 g) categories is a crucial step in targeting interventions to high-risk infants. To compare the validity of chest circumference and foot length as surrogate anthropometric measures for the identification of LBW and VLBW ...
Dalziel Stuart R - - 2006
Small birth size is associated with reduced adult bone mass. We determined if antenatal betamethasone exposure, birth weight, or prematurity affects peak bone mass in 174 adults. Antenatal betamethasone exposure did not. Lower birth weight and prematurity predicted reduced adult height. Slower fetal growth rather than prematurity predicted lower bone ...
Vaidyanathan Balu - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess somatic growth after ventricular septal defect (VSD) repair in severely malnourished infants. STUDY DESIGN: Ninety consecutive infants (age at surgery: 7.2 +/- 3.2 months) were followed after VSD closure at a referral center in southern India to evaluate somatic growth. RESULTS: At surgery, 44% and 30% of ...
Murphy Michael J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: High birth weight predicts subsequent obesity, but paradoxically, a reduced risk of subsequent cardiovascular disease compared with low birth weight. This apparent paradox might be explained if high birth weight programmed a greater proportion of subsequent lean mass, which carries less cardiovascular risk than fat tissue. AIM: The aim ...
Forsum Elisabet - - 2006
Infant birth weight has increased recently, representing an obstetric and potentially a public health problem since high birth weight involves a risk of obesity later in life. Maternal nutritional status is important for fetal growth and therefore relationships between maternal body weight and composition v. birth weight and infant subcutaneous ...
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