Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1474
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Baxter E M - - 2008
Survival is reduced in low birth weight piglets, which display poor thermoregulatory abilities and are slow to acquire colostrum. Our aim was to identify additional behavioural and physiological indicators of piglet survival incorporating traits reflective of both the intrauterine and extrauterine environment. Data were collected from 135 piglets from 10 ...
Davidson Shmuel - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Many centers in Israel still use pre-1970 reference data for neonatal weight, length and head circumference. A recently published population-based reference overestimated the weight of premature infants. OBJECTIVE: To develop a national reference for birth weight, birth length and head circumference by gestational age for singleton infants in Israel. ...
Windham Gayle - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To review selected environmental, occupational, and other important risk factors for the following adverse pregnancy outcomes: low birth weight (LBW), intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), and preterm delivery (PTD). DESIGN: The evidence is explored in greater detail for environmental tobacco smoke, drinking water disinfection byproducts, and organochlorine (DDT) and organophosphate ...
Qin Cheng - - 2008
An accurate assessment of gestational age is vital to population-based research and surveillance in maternal and infant health. However, the quality of gestational age measurements derived from birth certificates has been in question. Using the 2002 US public-use natality file, the authors examined the agreement between estimates of gestational age ...
Audi Celene Aparecida Ferrari - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether domestic violence during pregnancy is associated with unfavorable infant health outcomes, measured by low birth weight or prematurity. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study enrolling pregnant women whose prenatal care was provided by 10 basic health units in the city of Campinas, SP, Brazil, between ...
Hindmarsh Peter C - - 2008
Human growth is a continuous process. Studies defining factors influencing growth focus on discrete time points (e.g., birth), overlooking the conditional nature of the process. One thousand six hundred fifty Caucasian mothers who gave birth at term after an uncomplicated singleton pregnancy were studied using conditional analysis. Infant height, weight, ...
Méio Maria Dalva Barbosa Baker - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain total body water in small for gestational age (SGA) and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) newborns. METHODS: SGA and AGA babies were matched by gestational age and studied from birth to term age. Criteria for exclusions were genetic syndromes, malformations, and congenital infections. Bioelectrical impedance was performed ...
Sreeramareddy Chandrashekhar T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In Nepal, more than 90% of the deliveries take place at home where birth weight is often not recorded. In developing countries, low birth weight (LBW, <2500 grams) accounts for 60-80% of neonatal deaths. Early identification and referral of LBW babies for extra essential newborn care is vital in ...
El-Sayed Abdulrahman - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the incidence of adverse birth outcomes among Arab Americans in Michigan changed after September 11, 2001. DESIGN: Birth data were collected on all births in Michigan from September 11, 2000, to March 11, 2001, and from September 11, 2001, to March 11, 2002. Self-reported ancestry and ...
Elshibly Eltahir M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In Africa low birth weight (LBW) (<2500 g), is the strongest determinant of infant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to quantify the effect of maternal anthropometry, education and socio-economic status on gestational age and birth weight. METHODS: In 1000 Sudanese mothers with singleton births, anthropometric ...
Hunter Kennith G - - 2008
This paper seeks to determine the relative effect of socioeconomic variables and medical conditions in explaining changes in infant birth weight, specifically, low birth weight (LBW). Using ordinary least squares regression, we first analyze the effects of these variables on the birth weight of 621 infants. Four of the independent ...
Siza J E - - 2008
According to the World Health Organization low birth weight (LBW) babies are those born with less than 2500g. A descriptive retrospective cross - sectional study using existing data from a one-year (2001) block of birth registers of 3464 pregnant women was done at Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre in Moshi, Tanzania. ...
Vimercati A - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Extreme preterm birth, <28 weeks of gestation, represents a public health concern with major economic implications, being the leading cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity. METHODS: A single-centre retrospective cohort study was carried out to assess the role of caesarean section and to identify perinatal factors affecting neonatal survival ...
Suzuki Kohta - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight (LBW) infants do not form a homogeneous group; LBW can be caused by prematurity or poor fetal growth manifesting as small for gestational age (SGA) infants or intrauterine growth retardation. We aimed to clarify the relationship of maternal smoking with both SGA and preterm LBW infants. ...
Head Rosemary F - - 2008
To clarify the nature of the relationship between food deprivation/undernutrition during pre- and postnatal development and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in later life, this study examined the relationship between birth weight (as a marker of prenatal nutrition) and the incidence of hospital admissions for CVD from 1997-2005 amongst 873 Guernsey islanders ...
Zeka Ariana - - 2008
Air pollution and social characteristics have been shown to affect indicators of health. While use of spatial methods to estimate exposure to air pollution has increased the power to detect effects, questions have been raised about potential for confounding by social factors. A study of singleton births in Eastern Massachusetts ...
Hernández-Díaz Sonia - - 2008
This report explores the low birth weight paradox using two graphical approaches: causal directed acyclic graphs (DAGs), and the empirical curves of the birth weight distribution and birth weight-specific mortality. The birth weight curves are able to represent the associations quantitatively, while the corresponding causal DAGs provide a set of ...
Ramagopalan Sreeram V SV Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2008
Genetic and environmental factors have important roles in multiple sclerosis (MS) susceptibility. A clear maternal effect has been shown in several population-based studies. This parent-of-origin effect could result from factors operating during gestation. It has been shown that a low birth weight increases the risk of several adult-onset diseases. In ...
Gage Timothy B TB Department of Anthropology, University at Albany-SUNY, Albany, NY 12222, USA. - - 2008
The "pediatric paradox" of African versus European American infant mortality is often observed with respect to birth weight, but rarely to gestational age, even though the two measures are biologically related. This paper models the pediatric paradox by birth weight and gestational age simultaneously, using Covariate Density Defined mixture of ...
Vikse Bjørn Egil - - 2008
Case-control studies have shown an association between low birth weight and risk for renal failure. The Medical Birth Registry of Norway, which comprises data on all births in Norway since 1967, and the Norwegian Renal Registry, which comprises data on all patients who have developed ESRD in Norway since 1980, ...
Sims Mario - - 2007
This study examined the extent to which community-level income and smoking status were associated with birth-weight disparities in the state of Wisconsin. Data included 1998 and 1999 birth record files with appended census income data for African-American, Latino, and White single births in Wisconsin. Multinomial logistic regression analysis was performed ...
Miletić Tomislav - - 2007
Data on 550 healthy pregnant women, 550 healthy fathers and their healthy term neonates born from singleton pregnancies (37(+0) through 41(+6) week) during a one-year period were reviewed. Maternal mean age was 27.7 +/- 9.37 years, mean pregestational weight 64.0 +/- 9.50 kg, mean gestational weight gain 15.4 +/- 4.33 ...
Krebs Vera Lúcia Jornada - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical outcome and the complications of bacterial meningitis according to birth weight of out born neonates admitted in intensive care unit during an 11 year-period. METHOD: Eighty-seven newborns were studied. Thirty-four infants were low birth weight newborn and 53 presented birth weight >or= 2500 g. The ...
Axer-Siegel Ruth - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of in vitro fertilization (IVF) on early development of the eye in full-term healthy infants. METHODS: A case-control study was performed. The study sample included full-term infants born from March 1 to August 14, 2006, in the Neonatal Department of Helen Schneider Women's Hospital, Rabin ...
Cruz Maria Letícia S - - 2007
This study assessed the relationship between the body mass index (BMI) of HIV-1-infected women and their infants' perinatal outcomes. The study population consisted of women enrolled in the NICHD International Site Development Initiative (NISDI) Perinatal Study with data allowing calculation of the BMI adjusted for length of gestation (adjBMI), who ...
Tarannum Fouzia - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There is convincing evidence to suggest that infections affecting the mother during pregnancy may produce alterations in the normal cytokine- and hormone-regulated gestation, which could result in preterm labor, premature rupture of membranes, and preterm birth (PTB). Studies in the late 1990s associated periodontitis with preterm low birth weight ...
Eide Martha G - - 2007
The influences of prenatal and postnatal growth on intellectual performance are unclear. We examined the associations of birth size and gestational age with intellectual performance and explored whether these associations were influenced by adult body size and social factors. In this nationwide cohort study, the records of 317,761 male infants ...
Fei Chunyuan - - 2007
Perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) are man-made, persistent organic pollutants widely spread throughout the environment and human populations. They have been found to interfere with fetal growth in some animal models, but whether a similar effect is seen in humans is uncertain. We investigated the association between plasma levels of ...
Silveira Rita C RC Department of Pediatrics, Newborn Section, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, and Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, RS, - - 2007
To investigate growth and neurodevelopment outcome of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants delivered by preeclamptic mothers. A cohort including all VLBW infants delivered between December 2003 and May 2005 was followed up to 12 and 18 months corrected age (CA). death before 1 year corrected age, major malformations, deafness ...
Araújo Cora L P - - 2007
Birth weight has short and long-term effects on health. Some studies have used retrospective data on birth weight, reported by the subject or by the parents. This paper compares data on birth weight measured by the research team in 1993 with birth weight reported by the mother in 2004-2005, using ...
Olsen Sjurdur F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cow milk contains many potentially growth-promoting factors. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to examine whether milk consumption during pregnancy is associated with greater infant size at birth. DESIGN: During 1996-2002, the Danish National Birth Cohort collected data on midpregnancy diet through questionnaires and on covariates through telephone interviews and ascertained ...
Green David A - - 2007
Locally applicable data on prognosis in neonates of different gestational ages and birth weights is needed both for counselling individual families and for planning departmental resource allocation. We present data from our unit collected over one year on survival to discharge of infants below 32 weeks gestational age and discuss ...
Lamy Filho F - - 2007
The objective of the present study was to estimate and compare social inequality in terms of three indicators, i.e., low birth weight (LBW), preterm birth (PTB) and small for gestational age (SGA) birth, in three birth cohorts. Two cohorts were from the city of Ribeirão Preto, where data were collected ...
Murrin C - - 2007
This analysis examines the association between maternal characteristics, particularly body mass index (BMI) and infant birth weight in 1048 live infants. Mean reported pre pregnancy BMI of mothers was 23.74 kg/m2 (SD 4.21). The educational level of the mother's parents was independently associated with maternal BMI, those with higher educated ...
Goldani M Z - - 2007
The association between early life factors and body mass index (BMI) in adulthood has been demonstrated in developed countries. The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of early life factors (birth weight, gestational age, maternal smoking, and social class) on BMI in young adulthood with adjustment ...
Davidson Shmuel - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A paradoxical secular trend of an increase in preterm births and a decrease in low birth weights has been reported in many developed countries over the last 25 years. OBJECTIVE: To determine if this trend is true for Israeli neonates, and to add new information on secular trends in ...
Bell Janice F - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We tested relations between aspects of maternal work and birth outcomes in a national sample and in subgroups known to experience disparities. METHODS: Three indices of work attributes (Status and Recognition, Physical Demands, and Exposure to Conflict) were derived by factor analysis of variables extracted from the Department of ...
Nanyonjo Rebecca D RD Department of Health Promotion and Education, Center for Health Research, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, USA. - - 2008
Objectives Though it is the largest county in the lower United States, minimal attention has been given to the elevated rates of poor perinatal outcomes and infant mortality in San Bernardino County. This study sought to analyze adverse birth outcomes such as low birth weight, and infant mortality as an ...
Givens Marjory L ML Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, - - 2007
Understanding the influence of maternal exposures on gestational age and birth weight is essential given that pre-term and/or low birth weight infants are at risk for increased mortality and morbidity. We performed a retrospective analysis of a cohort exposed to polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) through accidental contamination of cattle feed and ...
Fang Fu - - 2007
Birth weight and gestational age are both important predictors of infant survival. Covariate Density Defined mixture of logistic regressions (CDDmlr), a method that accounts for unobserved heterogeneity, has been applied to birth outcomes using birth weight alone. This paper investigates a CDDmlr model of birth outcomes that includes birth weight ...
Kabir N - - 2007
To assess the relationship between placental weight and birth weight, two hundred forty six pregnant mothers, who were otherwise healthy, were prospectively followed in a city hospital during antenatal period until delivery and immediate post-partum period. Height of mothers was measured initially and weight measured at each visit during the ...
Kierans William J - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To provide gender-specific neonatal mortality grids depicting relative risk in narrow birth weight ranges at each week of gestation. The grids will provide practitioners with clinically relevant information pertinent to pregnancy, delivery, and postnatal care in Canada. METHODS: Records from the British Columbia Vital Statistics Agency birth and death ...
Roudbari M - - 2007
The study investigated the prevalence and risk factors of low birth weight (LBW) in 1109 hospital births in Zahedan city, Islamic Republic of Iran. The overall prevalence of LBW was 11.8% (95% Cl: 9.9%-13.7%), similar for boys and girls (11.1% and 12.6% respectively). LBW was significantly associated with mother's ethnic ...
Delbaere Ilse - - 2007
Birth weight is the single most important risk indicator for neonatal and infant mortality and morbidity, which has led to the idiom that 'every ounce counts'. Birth weight in turn, however, tends to vary widely across populations as a result of differential fetal growth velocity with such demographic factors as ...
Mardones Francisco - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that maternal food fortification with omega-3 fatty acids and multiple micronutrients increases birth weight and gestation duration, as primary outcomes. DESIGN: Non-blinded, randomised controlled study. SETTING: Pregnant women received powdered milk during their health check-ups at 19 antenatal clinics and delivered at two maternity hospitals ...
Dolan Meredith S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have explored the association between birth weight and excess childhood body fat, but few have used precise measures of body composition, leading to equivocal and sometimes contradictory results. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Subjects included 101 children who underwent DXA measurements between 1995 and 2000. Birth weight and ...
Sijstermans K - - 2008
We performed a systematic review and critique of the literature on the frequency of undescended testis (UDT) among boys from birth to adolescence. Special attention was given to whether previous testicular position was taken into account to distinguish between congenital and acquired UDT. We searched Medline, Embase, Cinahl and the ...
Frey Gunild M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate reproductive outcomes in infants relative to maternal exposures in the chemical industry. METHODS: Via questionnaires administered after the pregnancy announcement, end of pregnancy, and 1 year later, infant outcomes were documented for 1147 live births. Maternal exposure factors were evaluated relative ...
Charlesworth Paul - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Early elective delivery of antenatally diagnosed gastroschisis has been proposed as a strategy to minimize postnatal morbidity. This hypothesis was tested by analyzing outcome in relationship to gestational age and birth weight at delivery. METHODS: Single-center retrospective review of infants born with gastroschisis over a 13-year period (January 1993-December ...
Cardoso L E Monteiro Bigélli - - 2007
Analyze the importance of biochemical data and their relationship with anthropometric data in the longitudinal nutritional assessment of very low birth weight infants. A prospective cohort study was performed on 55 very low birth weight preterm infants (birth weight < 1.500 g and < 37 weeks of gestational age). Measurements ...
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