Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1469
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Shenkin Susan D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Birth weight throughout the normal range correlates with cognitive ability in childhood. Some studies suggest this may persist into adulthood, but it is unclear whether this continues into old age. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between birth parameters (birth weight, birth length, placental weight and social class) and cognitive ...
Liu Ching-Yun - - 2008
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Taiwan saw an increase in immigration during the last decade. This retrospective study investigated whether immigrant status confers a protective effect on birth outcomes and whether this effect varies across racial/ethnic subgroups in Hsin-Chu County, Taiwan. METHODS: A total of 30,770 singleton birth certificates from January 1, 2002 to ...
Peet, Konnie C.
The reduction of inequalities in health and longevity have been endorsed by various levels of government, associations of health professionals and others in Canada. Despite the proportional decline in births to women less than 20 years of age in both the United States and Canada, births to young mothers remain ...
Smith, Patrice Johnelle
To date, research has not adequately addressed geographic variation in birth weight due to individual- and structural-level characteristics in the US. If the health care needs of infants and children in nonmetropolitan areas are to be understood, an analytic approach capturing how both individual- and contextual-level inequalities operate is needed. ...
Tierney-Gumaer Rosalie - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the risk factors in women who delivered an infant of low birth weight (LBW, <2,500 g) versus women who delivered an infant weighing >2,500 g in a large metropolitan county (Bexar) in South Texas. DESIGN: An exploratory case comparison design was ...
Gao Tao - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To establish whether second trimester amniotic fluid protein and/or uric acid concentrations were associated with and predictive of infant birth weight and/or gestational age. METHODS: Second trimester amniotic fluid samples (n = 230) in mothers undergoing age-related amniocentesis for genetic testing were collected and quantified using capillary zone electrophoresis ...
Kim So-Young - - 2008
PURPOSE: The effects of maternal systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) on neonatal prognosis were examined by comparing clinical features of full-term babies born to lupus mothers and age- and parity-matched controls. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2000 to December 2005, 39 singletons were born to 37 SLE women. Excluding 11 cases ...
Bonamy Anna-Karin E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight is an often-reported risk factor for high blood pressure later in life. This study investigates the selective contributions of preterm birth and poor fetal growth to later risk of hypertension. METHODS: A total of 250,000 Swedish birth records from 1925 through 1949 were examined. All subjects ...
Verma Rita Prasad - - 2009
The early postnatal physiological body weight loss process is poorly understood in preterm infants. It is complicated by clinical conditions which adversely affect the body fluid balance during 1st two weeks of life. A lack of physiological weight loss potentially could result in significant morbidities. Body weight is utilized in ...
Abu Dalou Ahmad Y - - 2008
Stature, sitting height, stature by weight, and head circumference change with varying economic conditions during early childhood. Our hypothesis is that adult head shape, as well as head size, is influenced by changes in childhood nutrition. When economic conditions are bad, nutrition and health suffer, and the result is dolichocephaly. ...
Wolff Mary S - - 2008
Many phthalates and phenols are hormonally active and are suspected to alter the course of development. We investigated prenatal exposures to phthalate and phenol metabolites and their associations with body size measures of the infants at birth. We measured 5 phenol and 10 phthalate urinary metabolites in a multiethnic cohort ...
Al Salmi Isa - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In view of recent reports of the relationship of kidney disease to birth weight, we evaluate the relationship between birth weight and chronic kidney disease (CKD), including end-stage kidney disease, in Australian adults. STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Patients attending the nephrology department at a major ...
Mitchell Paul - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease may have its origins in utero, but the influence of in utero growth on microvascular structure in children is unknown. We hypothesized that poor in utero growth is associated with narrower arteriolar caliber, which may help explain the established association of low birth weight with hypertension and ...
Akram S K - - 2008
AIM: To correlate infant birth weight with maternal and infant biometric data, including the expression of placental IGF-I and IGF-II at birth, and levels of serum zinc and ferritin. METHODS: The data consisted of observations from 89 women from Karachi, Pakistan. Placental and cord blood samples were taken immediately following ...
Choong S N - - 2008
This study evaluates the effect of maternal age, birth weight and infant sex on two main UCB parameters for use and long-term cryopreservation: TNC and volume. Data from 1000 UCB units were collected and analyzed in this study. The results indicate that TNC is correlated to infant birth weight and ...
Basu S - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates constitute approximately 4-7 percent of all live births and their mortality is very high. The objective of the present study was to determine the predictors of mortality in VLBW neonates. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of VLBW neonates admitted over three years was studied. ...
Saqib Rizwan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Estimation of foetal weight is essential in daily obstetric practice particularly close to term. It guides clinicians to finalize important obstetrical decisions. Low birth weight and excessive foetal weight at delivery both are associated with an increased risk of neonatal complications during labour and the puerperium. The objectives of ...
Carroll Kecia N KN Department of Pediatrics, Division of General Pediatrics, Child and Adolescent Health Research Unit, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-8300, - - 2008
The goals were to estimate the year-round burden of health care visits attributable to bronchiolitis and to identify risk factors for bronchiolitis in term healthy infants. We conducted a population-based, retrospective cohort study of 103 670 term, non-low birth weight infants enrolled in Tennessee Medicaid in 1995-2003. We monitored infants ...
Lin Chieh-Mo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Gastric perforation among neonates is a rare but frequently fatal condition of uncertain etiology. The aim of this study was to review the clinical course of neonatal gastric perforation and to evaluate possible prognostic factors. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 15 patients with neonatal gastric perforation ...
Maranhão H S - - 2008
In order to assess the epidemiological and clinical characteristics and changing nutritional status of infants suffering from acute diarrhoea, 103 infants with such diarrhoea and the same number of age-matched controls were investigated at the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte's Paediatric Hospital, in north-eastern Brazil. Each child with ...
Schendel Diana - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to compare the birth weight and gestational age distributions and prevalence rates of autism with those of other developmental disabilities and to estimate the birth weight-and gestational age-specific risks for autism. METHODS: For the first objective, a retrospective cohort of children born in ...
Jansson Nina N Perinatal Center, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden. - - 2008
Obese women often give birth to large-for-gestational age infants (typically defined as a birth weight greater than the 90th percentile), who are at risk of birth injuries and of developing metabolic syndrome later in life. The mechanisms underlying increased fetal growth remain to be established. We aimed to identify maternal ...
Wang Wen-Li - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether birth weight and paternal education may have independent and interactive effects on the learning achievement of adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: We linked birth weights, gestational ages (term or preterm) and paternal education of a 4-year birth cohort to the Basic Competence Test (BCT) scores in Mandarin, mathematics ...
Paltiel Ora - - 2008
Although the association between birth weight and childhood leukemia is well described, the relation between a child's birth weight and parental risk of leukemia is unknown. We linked data from the Jerusalem Perinatal Study to the Israel Cancer Registry to ascertain the incidence of leukemia in mothers and fathers in ...
Halileh Samia - - 2008
The objective of this cross sectional study is to look at determinants of birth weight and their association with the gender of the baby in 2,795 full term children living in the occupied Palestinian territory, derived from a stratified random sample of 2,994 households in the West Bank and 2,234 ...
Franco Maria C P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight caused by intrauterine growth restriction may be a risk factor for renal impairment in the adult life. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 71 children aged 8 to 13 years living in the community of São Paulo, Brazil, were included in the study. Gestational ...
Wada Keiko - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have demonstrated the association between low birth weight and increased adulthood risk for cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. However, the precise mechanism underlying the association remains poorly understood. We investigated the association between birth weight and adult white blood cell (WBC) count in a Japanese population. METHODS AND ...
Newham James J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The effects of in utero exposure to atypical antipsychotics on infant birth weight are unknown. AIMS: To determine whether atypical and typical antipsychotics differ in their effects on birth weight after maternal exposure during pregnancy. METHOD: Prospective data on gestational age and birth weight collected by the National Teratology ...
Kuh D D MRC National Survey of Health and Development, MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK. - - 2008
We investigated pathways linking offspring birth weight to maternal diabetes risk in later life by taking into account a range of prospective early-life and adult maternal factors. In a national birth cohort study, we examined the relationship between offspring birth weight and maternal glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) at age 53 years ...
Bührer Christoph - - 2008
AIM: The mortality risk of very low birth weight (VLBW) (<1500 g) infants has been estimated by the Clinical Risk Index for Babies (CRIB). Superior discriminatory power has been claimed for the revised CRIB-II score based on birth weight, gestational age, sex, temperature and base excess (BE) at admission. This ...
Burkhardt Tilo - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare sonographic fetal weight estimates with newborn weight charts and analyze the predictive accuracy of the ponderal index (PI) in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: We generated sonographic reference curves for fetal weight and PI estimates from a database of fetal biometric records ...
Maina Giuseppe - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There are conflicting results regarding the association of maternal antenatal distress with preterm birth and low birth weight. This study investigated the association between maternal distress and intrauterine growth abnormality, low birth weight and preterm birth. METHODS: Three mutually exclusive and homogeneous groups of pregnant women (with actual psychiatric ...
Bellomo-Brandão Maria Angela - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Intrahepatic neonatal cholestasis can be the initial manifestation of a very heterogeneous group of illnesses of different etiologies. AIM: To evaluate and compare clinical and laboratory data among intrahepatic neonatal cholestasis groups of infectious, genetic-endocrine-metabolic and idiopathic etiologies. METHODS: The study evaluated retrospectively clinical and laboratory data of 101 ...
Biswas R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A community-based epidemiological study on birth weight of newborns was undertaken in the rural domain of a backward district of West Bengal. OBJECTIVES: To find out the magnitude of low birth weight (< 2.5 kg.) newborns and to highlight association, if any, of the socio-demographic, maternal and obstetric factors ...
Araújo Cora L P - - 2008
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between size at birth (birthweight and birth length) and height in early adolescence in a prospective birth cohort study in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Interviews were carried out in 1993, including measurements of birthweight and length, and in ...
Siddiqui Amna R - - 2008
Maternal exposure to wood fuel smoke may lead to impaired fetal growth due to hypoxia and or oxidative stress from smoke constituents such as carbon monoxide and particulate matter. We studied the risk of low birth weight (LBW) and reduced mean birth weight in relation to reported use of wood ...
Mi J - - 2008
In the present study we explore the association between the ponderal index (PI) at birth and the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in middle-aged population in China. A total of 975 men and women aged 41-52 years with detailed birth records were followed up and recruited for clinic examinations, involving anthropometry and ...
Chaudhari Sudha - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the growth and sexual maturity of non-handicapped children with birth weight less than 2000 g at 12 years. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Infants discharged from a Neonatal Special Care Unit of a referral hospital with birth weight less than 2000 g between 1987-1989 and followed up ...
Baker Jennifer L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Small size at birth is associated with subsequent cardiovascular disease and diabetes, and large size is associated with obesity and cancer. The overall impact of these opposing effects on mortality throughout the lifespan is unclear because causes of death change with age. METHODS: We investigated the association of birth ...
Dominguez Tyan Parker - - 2008
This study examined the role of psychosocial stress in racial differences in birth outcomes. Maternal health, sociodemographic factors, and 3 forms of stress (general stress, pregnancy stress, and perceived racism) were assessed prospectively in a sample of 51 African American and 73 non-Hispanic White pregnant women. The outcomes of interest ...
Araújo C L - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of birth weight, length and ponderal index at birth on body mass index (BMI) and skinfold thickness in early adolescence. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Population-based, prospective birth cohort study in Pelotas, Brazil. Out of 5249 cohort members, 87.5% were traced at 11 years of age. Birth weight, length ...
Herdt-Losavio Michele L - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine if female licensed cosmetologists have a higher risk of low birth weight, small-for-gestational-age, and preterm delivery compared to two different comparison groups. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study matched 15,003 licensed cosmetologists and a comparison group of 4,246 licensed realtors to birth records in New ...
NILI, FIROUZEH
Background: Nutrients meeting recommended dietary intakes take time to establish and once established are rarely maintained throughout hospital stay in preterm infants. Methods: Our purpose is to define the nutritional status and growth parameters of hospitalized patients at discharge in our hospital. Data were obtained concerning all 50 infants born ...
Padmanabhan V - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine whether bisphenol-A (BPA) is found in maternal circulation of pregnant women in the US population and is related to gestational length and birth weight. METHOD: Circulating levels of BPA were quantified by high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry at delivery in 40 southeastern Michigan ...
Cannie Mieke M - - 2008
PURPOSE: To prospectively determine normal ranges of total fetal lung volume (TFLV) based on fetal body volume (FBV) and to determine whether prediction of TFLV based on such ranges is independent of fetal biometric indexes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was approved by the Ethics Committee on Clinical Studies; informed ...
Baxter E M - - 2008
Survival is reduced in low birth weight piglets, which display poor thermoregulatory abilities and are slow to acquire colostrum. Our aim was to identify additional behavioural and physiological indicators of piglet survival incorporating traits reflective of both the intrauterine and extrauterine environment. Data were collected from 135 piglets from 10 ...
Davidson Shmuel - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Many centers in Israel still use pre-1970 reference data for neonatal weight, length and head circumference. A recently published population-based reference overestimated the weight of premature infants. OBJECTIVE: To develop a national reference for birth weight, birth length and head circumference by gestational age for singleton infants in Israel. ...
Windham Gayle - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To review selected environmental, occupational, and other important risk factors for the following adverse pregnancy outcomes: low birth weight (LBW), intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), and preterm delivery (PTD). DESIGN: The evidence is explored in greater detail for environmental tobacco smoke, drinking water disinfection byproducts, and organochlorine (DDT) and organophosphate ...
Qin Cheng - - 2008
An accurate assessment of gestational age is vital to population-based research and surveillance in maternal and infant health. However, the quality of gestational age measurements derived from birth certificates has been in question. Using the 2002 US public-use natality file, the authors examined the agreement between estimates of gestational age ...
Audi Celene Aparecida Ferrari - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether domestic violence during pregnancy is associated with unfavorable infant health outcomes, measured by low birth weight or prematurity. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study enrolling pregnant women whose prenatal care was provided by 10 basic health units in the city of Campinas, SP, Brazil, between ...
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