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Telatar B - - 2009
To determine regional percentile values and compare them with currently used national and international curves, we determined the birth weight, height and head and chest circumference of 3688 term neonates born in a state hospital in the Anatolian part of Istanbul, Turkey. Mean birth weight, height and head and chest ...
Ivanovic Jelena - - 2009
Although it is well known that antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) across the placenta in different extents, few data are available concerning the impact of the transplacental passage of ARVs on newborn outcome. The aim of this study is to evaluate the transplacental diffusion of ARVs and the clinical assessment of the ...
Yal?in S Song?l - - 2009
Our aims were to analyze the changes in hemoglobin (Hb) value according to gestational age, birth weight, sex, birth season, and weight gain and to detect distribution of Hb values among healthy infants, breastfed for at least four months and receiving routine health care. We conducted a descriptive study using ...
Casey Patrick H - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of early educational experience at age 8 years on child growth status. The Infant Health and Development Program has shown positive impacts to age 8 years on intelligence and adaptive functioning of larger preterm infants. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Home and center based. PARTICIPANTS: ...
Holland Margaret L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Low birth weight leads to adverse health outcomes throughout life, is particularly high among Blacks, and may contribute to health disparities between Whites and Blacks in the United States. Stress is among the many potential contributors to birth weight, but key sources of stress have not yet been clearly ...
O'Connell Susan - - 2009
It is estimated that 8 to 26 percent of infants are born with low birth weight (LBW) worldwide. These children are at risk for medical problems in childhood and adulthood and often have poor oral health. The influence of fetal growth on birth weight and its relevance to childhood growth ...
Coutinho Pedro Ribeiro - - 2009
To identify the risk factors associated with low birth weight (< 2500 grams). Unmatched case-control study performed in a tertiary maternity hospital in Campinas, Brazil, involving 43,499 liveborn infants delivered in the institution between 1986 and 2004. Analysis of the database containing information on deliveries of women who gave birth ...
Michalowicz Bryan S BS Department of Developmental and Surgical Sciences, University of Minnesota School of Dentistry, Minneapolis, MN, USA. - - 2009
The purposes of this study were to determine: 1) if periodontal treatment in pregnant women before 21 weeks of gestation alters levels of inflammatory mediators in serum; and 2) if changes in these mediators are associated with birth outcomes. A total of 823 pregnant women with periodontitis were randomly assigned ...
Taye Mengistie - - 2010
A study was conducted to evaluate growth performances of Washera sheep under smallholder production systems in the Yilmanadensa and Quarit districts of the Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia. Data were collected and analysed on the growth of 690 lambs owned by 110 households from October 2004 to September 2007. Weight ...
Sen Jaydip - - 2010
The present cross-sectional study examines the association of maternal nutritional status, body composition and socio-economic status with newborn low birth weight (LBW). It was conducted on 503 mothers and their singleton newborns in an urban hospital in Siliguri, West Bengal, India. The maternal anthropometric measurements (weight, height, mid-upper arm circumference ...
Hamm Michele P - - 2010
The widespread detection of perfluorinated acids (PFAs) in humans and known developmental toxicity in animals has raised concern about their potential effects on human reproductive health. Our objective was to determine whether increasing maternal exposure to PFAs is associated with adverse effects on fetal growth and length of gestation in ...
Da Silva Cl?cio Homrich - - 2010
The strong association of very low birth weight (VLBW; <1500 g) with infant mortality is well known. There are no data related to VLBW trends in Brazil although findings from some large surveys carried out in small- and medium-sized cities have demonstrated an increase in low birth weight (LBW; <2500 ...
Almgren Malin - - 2009
PURPOSE: To study the effect of AED exposure on head circumference in the newborn. METHODS: Data on all Swedish singletons births between 1995 and 2005, over 900,000 births, were obtained from the Swedish Medical Birth Registry. The effects of AEDs on birth-weight-adjusted mean head circumference (bw-adj-HC) were estimated by comparison ...
Rocha Ricardo C L - - 2010
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of preterm birth and low birth weight infants in young and older primiparous adolescents versus young adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Maternity hospital in Vitória, ES, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: During a 5-year period, young primiparous women who delivered a singleton liveborn infant over 22 weeks ...
Okumura Akihisa - - 2010
The aim of this study is to clarify the relation among developmental outcome, nutritional state during the neonatal period, maturational electroencephalographic changes. Thirteen extremely low birth weight infants who completed 6- or 9-year follow-up were a subject of this study. Undernutrition was defined as enteral feeding below 100mL/kg/day at 3 ...
Huybregts Lieven - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Prenatal multiple micronutrient (MMN) or balanced energy and protein supplementation has a limited effect on birth size of the offspring. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine whether a prenatal MMN-fortified food supplement (FFS) improves anthropometric measures at birth compared with supplementation with an MMN pill alone. DESIGN: We conducted ...
Hewitson Laura - - 2009
This article has been withdrawn at the request of the editor. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy.
Bagnoli F - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Prematurity is a known risk factor for hypoglycaemia, hyperglycemia, neonatal sepsis and other common neonatal complications, possibly associated with glucoregolatory hormone (insulin and glucagon) alterations. Insulin and glucagon levels change also in relation to gender, mode of delivery and postnatal clinical severity. Because of the lack of reference range ...
Tehranifar Parisa - - 2009
Life-course epidemiologic studies frequently obtain data on perinatal and childhood factors through adult self-report. Data from a prospective US birth cohort of 262 women, born between 1959 and 1963 (average age at adult follow-up, 41.8 years), were used to assess the validity of self-reported birth weight category by sociodemographic characteristics. ...
Soares Catia Rejane S - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate normal blood flow velocity and Doppler indices of the ophthalmic arteries from birth to hospital discharge of inborn infants at birth weights between 500 and 1500 g and gestational age <or=32 weeks. METHODS: A longitudinal prospective study with Doppler ultrasound was conducted in both eyes at 24 ...
Stein Cheryl R CR Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029-6574, USA. - - 2009
We sought to examine the association between narrowly defined subsets of maternal ethnicity and birth outcomes. We analyzed 1995-2003 New York City birth certificates linked to hospital discharge data for 949,210 singleton births to examine the multivariable associations between maternal ethnicity and preterm birth, subsets of spontaneous and medically indicated ...
Jaipaul Joy V - - 2009
To determine modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors for term large for gestational age (T-LGA) births in Northern and Central Alberta and their public health importance, a retrospective cohort study (n = 115,198) of singleton live births (1996-2003) was conducted using maternal and newborn data from a provincial perinatal database. After ...
Bisai Samiran - - 2009
The cross-sectional hospital based study was undertaken to provide an efficient and useful cut off point of maternal early third trimester weight, for low birth weight (LBW), based on receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve among Bengalee mothers of Kolkata, India. A total of 233 mother-baby pairs were included in the ...
Dailey Dawn E DE Department of Family Health Care Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA. - - 2009
Perinatal racial disparities remain an elusive problem in the United States. African American women experience the highest rate of low-birth-weight deliveries. Understanding the factors contributing to infant birth weight is crucial to unraveling existing perinatal racial disparities. The aim of this study was to broaden knowledge of predictors of infant ...
Amburgey Odül A OA Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, Vermont, - - 2009
Maternal hemoglobin concentration is inversely related to newborn size presumably through plasma volume constriction. We sought to determine whether birth weight would show an inverse relationship to hemoglobin concentration in a group of infants whose mothers had preeclampsia, where plasma volume constriction is common. Electronic and paper chart review identified ...
Schreuder Michiel F - - 2009
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and prematurity are associated with a low nephron endowment. It can therefore be expected that neonates who are born premature and/or after IUGR have a lower GFR. Measurement of GFR in neonates is difficult, but the clearance of amikacin has been proven to be a reliable ...
Cole T J TJ MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK. - - 2010
To develop a tool for predicting survival to term in babies born more than 8 weeks early using only information available at or before birth. 1456 non-malformed very preterm babies of 22-31 weeks' gestation born in 2000-3 in the north of England and 3382 births of 23-31 weeks born in ...
Alusala D N - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine and describe the patterns of low birth weight in newborns of a cohort of mothers given intermittent presumptive treatment (IPT) for malaria prevention in a malaria endemic area of Kenya. DESIGN: A longitudinal prospective cohort study. SETTING: Got Agulu Health Centre in Usigu Division, Bondo District, Nyanza ...
Maric Nadja P - - 2010
During the 3-month bombing of Serbia (March 24-June 9, 1999), the entire population, including pregnant females as an especially vulnerable group, was exposed to a high degree of stress. This is the first study to explore the effects of prenatal stress during the 1999 bombing of Belgrade on the main ...
Vélez Maria P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between maternal low birth weight (LBW) and adverse perinatal outcomes and to discriminate between confounders and mediating factors of these associations in a population-based birth cohort of Southern Brazil. METHODS: Data from 794 female members of the 1982 Pelotas Birth Cohort Study known to have ...
Hovi Petteri - - 2009
Very-low-birth-weight (VLBW, <1,500 g) infants have compromised bone mass accrual during childhood, but it is unclear whether this results in subnormal peak bone mass and increased risk of impaired skeletal health in adulthood. We hypothesized that VLBW is associated with reduced bone mineral density (BMD) in adulthood. The Helsinki Study ...
Butler Merlin G - - 2009
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a complex genetic disorder with errors in genomic imprinting, generally due to a paternal deletion of chromosome 15q11-q13 region. Maternal disomy 15 (both 15s from the mother) is the second most common form of PWS resulting from a trisomic zygote followed by trisomy rescue in early ...
Burjonrappa S C - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We studied 123 neonates with atresias of the gastrointestinal tract at different levels to assess the role of amniotic fluid in the growth and development of the gastrointestinal tract. Our hypothesis was that significant differences in birth weight between groups otherwise comparable would suggest an intrauterine nutritive role for ...
Nordtveit Tone Irene - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Mother's birth order is inversely associated with offspring birth weight despite positively associated with the mother's own birth weight. The causes behind this relation have not been elucidated. AIMS: To investigate the relation between mother's birth order and birth weight of her offspring, with emphasis on possible mechanisms behind ...
Reichman Nancy E NE Department of Pediatrics, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ 08903, USA. - - 2009
We examine the extent to which infant health production functions are sensitive to model specification and measurement error. We focus on the importance of typically unobserved but theoretically important variables (typically unobserved variables, TUVs), other non-standard covariates (NSCs), input reporting, and characterization of infant health. The TUVs represent wantedness, taste ...
Gargus Regina A RA Department of Pediatrics, University of Arkansas Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas, - - 2009
The goal was to identify, among extremely low birth weight (<or=1000 g) live births, the proportion of infants who were unimpaired at 18 to 22 months of corrected age. Unimpaired outcome was defined as Bayley Scales of Infant Development II scores of >or=85, normal neurologic examination findings, and normal vision, ...
Rautava Liisi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of preterm birth, the time of birth, and birth hospital level and district on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). STUDY DESIGN: This national study included all very low birth weight infants (VLBWIs; birth weight <or= 1500 g or gestational age ...
Zhang Yunhui - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess maternal-fetal exposure to phthalates and investigate whether in utero phthalate exposure is associated with low birth weight (LBW). STUDY DESIGN: A total of 201 newborn-mother pairs (88 LBW cases and 113 controls) residing in Shanghai were enrolled in this nested case-control study during 2005-2006. Maternal blood, cord ...
Briand Nelly - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The use of HAART during pregnancy is now standard care to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission in developed countries. There is controversy about its impact on low birth weight. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of antiretroviral therapy during the pregnancy on birth weight, length and head circumference. METHODS: The study ...
Capittini C - - 2009
Birth weight is known to be a direct indicator of perinatal mortality and a clear predictor of adult pathologies too. It has been correlated with several causes of mortality in adulthood: low birth weight with diabetes, nephropathy and cardiovascular diseases and high birth weight with autoimmune diseases and cancer. In ...
Wang S C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the associations between aboriginality, age, demographic and socioeconomic factors of the mother and the risk of low birth weight (LBW) in mountain townships of Taiwan. METHODS: We analyzed the LBW proportion of single live babies born to 2032 first-time mothers between 2004 and 2005. ...
Wirbelauer Johannes - - 2009
The incidence of critical isthmic coarctation among preterm infants with a birth weight less than 750 g is expected to be fewer than 1:2,000,000 live births. A male twin was born after 26 weeks of gestation with a birth weight of 545 g. On day 9 of his life, he ...
Buchmann Eckhart E Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. - - 2009
To derive and validate a simple formula for birth weight based on symphysis-fundal height (SFH) measurement during labour, and to determine a useful SFH cut-off value for prediction of birth weight > or = 4000 g. In a derivation study, SFH was measured in women at term in the active ...
Murase Masanori - - 2009
This study presents a report of serial assessment of ventricular myocardial performance index (Tei index) in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. One hundred ninety-five VLBW infants, weighing <1,500 g, who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care units at Kakogawa Municipal Hospital between September 2000 and August 2004. Left ventricular (LV) and ...
Shakur Yaseer A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of anaemia and maternal and infant factors associated with Hb values in infants at 6 months of age in rural Bangladesh. DESIGN: Infants (born to mothers supplemented with Fe-folic acid from mid-pregnancy) were visited at birth and 6 months of age. Mothers' anthropometric status, and ...
Anderson Jeffrey B - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Poor growth has been described in infants with a single ventricle; however, little is known regarding its effect on surgical outcomes. We sought to assess the effect of nutritional status at the time of the bidirectional Glenn procedure on short-term outcomes. METHODS: We performed a retrospective case series of ...
Vimercati Antonella - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study was to evaluate the impact of mode of delivery and timing of caesarean section in extremely preterm births, below 28 weeks of gestation, on long-term survival and psychomotor outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: This was a single-centre retrospective cohort study of 84 cases of extremely low birth weight infants ...
Patel A L AL Pediatrics, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. - - 2009
Currently, there is no standardized approach to the calculation of growth velocity (GV; g kg (-1) day(-1)) in hospitalized very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Thus, differing methods are used to estimate GV, resulting in different medical centers and studies reporting growth results that are difficult to compare. The objective ...
Johnson Michelle A - - 2009
A higher prevalence of infant low birth weight (<2500 g) has been observed among more acculturated mothers of Mexican descent living in the U.S. when compared to their less acculturated counterparts. Tests of the "acculturation hypothesis" have established that disparities in certain risks for low birth weight exist between subgroups ...
Mzayek F - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Birth weight has been found to predict cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Pulse wave velocity (PWV), a marker of arterial stiffness, has been associated with cardiovascular risk factors. An association between birth weight and blood pressure (BP) has previously been reported. In this study, the association of birth weight with ...
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