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Boyne Michael S MS Tropical Medicine Research Institute, University of the West Indies, Mona, - - 2010
Both intra-uterine and early childhood development contribute to the risk of developing CVD in adult life. We therefore evaluated the maternal, placental, fetal, birth, infant and childhood determinants of cardiovascular risk in a cohort of Afro-Jamaican children. The Vulnerable Windows Cohort is a longitudinal survey of 569 mothers and their ...
Miles Harriet L HL Department of Paediatrics, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, - - 2010
To examine the role of androgens on birth weight in genetic models of altered androgen signalling. Cambridge Disorders of Sex Development (DSD) database and the Swedish national screening programme for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). (1) 29 girls with XY karyotype and mutation positive complete androgen insensitivity syndrome (CAIS); (2) 43 ...
Breschan C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The primary goal of this study was to compare the size and depth of the internal jugular vein (IJV) and the subclavian vein (SCV) in infants under general anaesthesia. A secondary goal was to determine the correlation of weight, height, head circumference, and age to the size and depth ...
Navaei Fakhri - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the predisposing factors, frequency and mortality of pneumothorax (PTX) among the newborns hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in Isfahan, Iran. METHODS: The data of 43 cases of PTX among the 738 neonates hospitalized in the NICU were analyzed retrospectively according to gestational age, birth ...
Wright Charlotte M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: During a study of weight faltering it was observed that infants from a minority Haredi (ultra-Orthodox Jewish) religious group showed very different growth patterns from the rest of the cohort. The authors thus set out to explore the characteristics of the community that may explain these differences. SETTING AND ...
Suzuki Yayoi - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the levels of prenatal exposure to phthalate ester and PAHs and birth outcomes among 149 Japanese pregnant women. Urinary concentrations of 9 phthalate ester metabolites, mono methyl phthalate (MMP), mono ethyl phthalate (MEP), mono-n-butyl phthalate (MnBP), mono benzyl phthalate ...
Wehby George L GL Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Iowa, E204 GH, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA. - - 2010
Several studies report that altitude reduces birth weight. However, much remains unknown about effects in various altitude ranges and about the heterogeneity in altitude effects by fetal health endowments. This study estimates the effects of altitude in South America on the means and quantiles of birth weight and gestational age ...
Xu Xiaohui - - 2011
Low birth weight has been associated with increased risks of mortality and/or morbidity in childhood and adulthood. Epidemiological studies suggest that maternal exposure to air pollution, especially particulate matter during pregnancy, is associated with an increased risk of delivering a low birth weight infant. The aim of this study is ...
Almond Douglas - - 2010
A key policy question is whether the benefits of additional medical expenditures exceed their costs. We propose a new approach for estimating marginal returns to medical spending based on variation in medical inputs generated by diagnostic thresholds. Specifically, we combine regression discontinuity estimates that compare health outcomes and medical treatment ...
Lewis Andrew J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: There is evidence of increasing prescription of antidepressant medication in pregnant women. This has arisen from the recognition of the importance of treating maternal depression. This must be balanced, however, with information on outcomes for infants and children exposed to antidepressants in pregnancy. The aim of the present study ...
Voigt Manfred - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Birth weight percentiles based on weekly measurements are used to assess the nutritional status of preterm infants. However, as preterm infants exhibit a rapid growth rate (up to 20 g/kg/day), their body weight can increase by 15% per week. We calculated birth weight percentiles based on daily measurements, to ...
Mann Joshua R - - 2010
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are primarily inherited, but perinatal or other environmental factors may also be important. In an analysis of 87,677 births from 1996 through 2002, insured by the South Carolina Medicaid program, birth weight was significantly inversely associated with the odds of ASD (OR = 0.78, p = ...
Mortazavi F - - 2010
in a prospective descriptive study, the usefulness of symphysis-fundal height and the product of abdominal girth and fundal height in predicting birth weight < 2500 g and > 4000 g were examined. Fundal height and abdominal girth were measured at the time of admission on a sample of 795 parturient ...
Foster E Michael - - 2010
To determine the effect of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) on birth outcomes. The Child Development Supplement (CDS) of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID). The PSID provides extensive data on the income and well-being of a representative sample of U.S. families from ...
Brough Louise - - 2010
Poor nutrient intake during pregnancy can adversely affect both infant and maternal health. The aim was to investigate the efficacy of multiple-micronutrient supplementation during pregnancy in a socially deprived population in the developed world. We conducted a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of multiple-micronutrient supplementation including 20 mg Fe and 400 ...
Sathyanarayana Sheela - - 2010
Studies examining the association between maternal pesticide exposure and low birth weight yield conflicting results. The authors examined the association between maternal pesticide use and birth weight among women in the Agricultural Health Study, a large study of pesticide applicators and their spouses in Iowa and North Carolina. The authors ...
Ashtekar Shyam V - - 2010
Low birth weight remains a major reason behind childhood malnutrition. The NFHS findings show no dent in this problem. This study was undertaken to explore change in birth weights in a period from 1989 to 2007 and any associations thereof. All birth records of a private rural hospital spanning two ...
Rice Stephen J C SJ Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, Heslington, York, United Kingdom. - - 2010
There is evidence that breastmilk feeding reduces mortality and short and long-term morbidity among infants born too soon or too small. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of enhanced staff contact for mothers with infants in a neonatal unit with a birth weight of 500-2,500 g ...
Meyer Sascha - - 2010
PURPOSE: Blood pressure constitutes an important parameter in the assessment of the cardiovascular status in preterm infants. Invasive arterial blood pressure (IBP) is considered the 'gold-standard', but non-invasive blood pressure (NIBP) is used frequently in preterm infants. The aim of this prospective study was to compare mean IBP and mean ...
Dale Robert H I - - 2010
African (Loxodonta africana) and Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) have lived in the care of humans for many years, yet there is no consensus concerning some basic parameters describing their newborn calves. This study provides a broad empirical basis for generalizations about the birth heights, birth weights, birth times and gestation ...
Aktoren O - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the time of the eruption of the first primary tooth (FPT) in infants and to assess the effects of neonatal factors on the timing of the eruption. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: The dental and medical records of healthy infants were reviewed to ...
El Mhamdi S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Birth weight for gestational age curves provide to clinicians available references to assess fetal growth in individual infants and in populations. In Tunisia, until now, only North American based references were used. The objective of this study was to create national reference curves for birth weight and to compare ...
Degrazia Michele - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends observation of preterm and at-risk infants in their car seat before hospital discharge to screen for breathing problems. This observation period, which we refer to as the infant car seat challenge (ICSC), is used to determine readiness for travel in a car seat. ...
Takito Monica Yuri - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between physical activity during the second trimester pregnancy and low birth weight, preterm birth, and intrauterine growth restriction. METHODS: Case-control study including 273 low birth weight newborns and 546 controls carried out in the city of São Paulo, Southeastern Brazil, in 2005. Low birth weight ...
Murphy Laurel E - - 2010
Prenatal and postnatal polychlorinated biphenyl (PCBs) exposure has been associated with decrements in fetal and infant growth and development, although exposures during the preconception window have not been examined despite recent evidence suggesting that this window may correspond with the highest serum concentrations. We assessed maternal serum PCB concentrations at ...
Donahue Sara M A SM Department of Maternal and Child Health, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2010
To estimate changes over time in birth weight for gestational age and in gestational length among term singleton neonates born from 1990 to 2005. We used data from the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics for 36,827,828 singleton neonates born at 37-41 weeks of gestation, 1990-2005. We examined trends in ...
Iijima Shigeo - - 2010
We investigated the postnatal pattern of changes in adrenal size in very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants and its relation to late-onset glucocorticoid-responsive circulatory collapse (LGCC) that may be associated with adrenal insufficiency. In 36 VLBW infants born at <33 weeks' gestation, ultrasound examinations of postnatal changes in adrenal size during the ...
Moreira M E L - - 2010
AIMS: To compare resting energy expenditure (REE) in small- and appropriate-for-gestational-age very low birth weight newborns after reaching corrected at-term age. METHODS: Observational study that included all clinically stable very low birth weight newborns admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit. The newborns were classified as small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and appropriate-for-gestational-age ...
Xu H - - 2010
AIMS: It remains questionable what birth weight for gestational age percentile cut-offs should be used in defining clinically important poor or excessive foetal growth. We aimed to evaluate the optimal birth weight percentile cut-offs for defining small- or large-for-gestational-age (SGA or LGA). METHODS: In a birth cohort-based analysis of 17 ...
Xiao Xinhua - - 2010
The purpose of the study was to investigate the association between birth weight and number of metabolic syndrome (MetS) components in an urban Chinese cohort. Individuals (N = 2019) who were born between 1921 and 1954 at the Peking Union Medical College Hospital and who had detailed obstetric records volunteered ...
Sathyanarayana S - - 2010
Ano-genital distance (AGD) is a sexually dimorphic trait that is a well established reproductive toxicity endpoint in animals. In male animals, a shortened AGD is associated with a variety of genital abnormalities including hypospadias and cryptorchidism. Consensus on the anatomical definition of AGD in humans remains to be established and ...
Khan Afshan - - 2010
Perinatal and infant mortality are two major contributors to child mortality in developing world. It is widely recognised that synergistic efforts by paediatric and obstetric healthcare providers result in improvement of neonatal and infant survival. Close working relationship between the 2 disciplines with attendance of all high risk births by ...
Paçarada Myrvete - - 2010
PURPOSE: The main goal of this study was to investigate the impact of parity and intrauterine fetal condition on vacuum extraction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study included 10742 newborns who were delivered during 2008 in obstetrics/gynecology clinics in Kosovo, Yugoslavia. One hundred fifty-eight of these were vacuum deliveries. Data were ...
Sanchez M E - - 2010
Retinopathy of prematurity is an emerging cause of blindness in Latin America. In 2007, the authors examined 88 consecutive infants in Guatemala City, Guatemala, who met the screening criteria for retinopathy of prematurity; 14 (16%) had either "plus" or stage V disease. The incidence of retinopathy of prematurity in Guatemala ...
van den Hove Daniel L A - - 2010
It is known that adverse events experienced by a pregnant woman may be reflected upon the developing fetus and adversely affect its mental wellbeing in later life. In a recent study by our group, prenatal stress was associated with a clear increase in anxiety- and depression-related behavior in male, but ...
Westhof Gregor - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We examined the meaning of placental weight, form (massive and thick or extended and flat) and circumference for early somatic and psychomotor childhood development. METHODS:In this prospective study, fresh placentas (n = 265) were measured for weight and circumference and correlated with neonatal data. A subset of placentas statistically ...
Gustafsson Per E - - 2010
The hypothesis of fetal origins of adult disease has during the last decades received interest as an explanation of chronic, e.g. cardiovascular, disease in adulthood stemming from fetal environmental conditions. Early programming and enduring dysregulations of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA axis), with cortisol as its end product, has been proposed as ...
Wojtyniak Bogdan J - - 2010
Epidemiological studies on the association between maternal exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and fetal growth alteration report inconsistent findings which weights in favor of additional studies. Blood samples were collected from interviewed pregnant women in Greenland (572), Kharkiv (611) and Warsaw (258) and were analyzed for CB-153 and p,p'-DDE ...
Morello-Frosch Rachel - - 2010
Studies have identified relationships between air pollution and birth weight, but have been inconsistent in identifying individual pollutants inversely associated with birth weight or elucidating susceptibility of the fetus by trimester of exposure. We examined effects of prenatal ambient pollution exposure on average birth weight and risk of low birth ...
Yatich Nelly J - - 2010
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of Plasmodium falciparum and intestinal helminth coinfection on maternal anemia and birth outcomes. A cross-sectional study of 746 women who delivered in two hospitals in Kumasi was conducted. Data were collected using an investigator-administered questionnaire and from patients' medical records. Blood was ...
Walther Brigitte B MRC Laboratories, Atlantic Boulevard, Fajara, PO Box 273 Banjul, The Gambia. - - 2010
Infection with Plasmodium falciparum during pregnancy contributes substantially to the disease burden in both mothers and offspring. Placental malaria may lead to intrauterine growth restriction or preterm delivery resulting in low birth weight (LBW), which, in general, is associated with increased infant morbidity and mortality. However, little is known about ...
Taylor R A M RA MRC Keneba Field Station, The - - 2010
Accurate assessment of gestational age at birth is critical to the identification of neonates at high risk. In resource-poor settings, postnatal techniques are commonly used but may be difficult to apply and have not been well validated against ultrasound in community studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate ...
Ye Rongwei R Institute of Reproductive and Child Health, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, PR - - 2010
The relations of birth weight and maternal body mass index (BMI) to overweight remain unresolved. We prospectively examined the relations of birth weight with various anthropometric measures at age 3 to 6 years, the effect of maternal BMI, and the patterns of these relations in an analysis using 9 birth ...
Amigo Hugo H Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile, Chile. - - 2010
Studies throughout North America and Europe have documented adverse perinatal outcomes for racial/ethnic minorities. Nonetheless, the contrast in newborn characteristics between indigenous and non-indigenous populations in Latin America has been poorly characterized. This is due to many challenges, including a lack of vital registration information on ethnicity. The objective of ...
Stringer Elizabeth E Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA. - - 2010
To determine whether treatment of trichomoniasis increases the risk of prematurity. Sub-analysis of a randomised trial. We analysed data from HPTN trial of antenatal and intrapartum antibiotics to reduce chorioamnionitis-related perinatal HIV transmission. Pregnant women from four sites in Africa. Gestational age at the time of delivery or mean birth ...
Natarajan Girija G Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA. - - 2010
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and chemokines seem to be induced by hyperoxia in preclinical studies. We hypothesized that O2 exposure immediately after birth is associated with altered blood spot MMP 9 and beta chemokine concentrations. The following analytes were measured on blood spots on d 1 and 3 of life, using ...
Ho Tsyr-Yuh - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated a positive correlation between foot length (FL) and birth body weight (BBW), birth body length (BBL), and head circumference (HC). However, there is no data on birth FL in Taiwan. The aim of this study was to evaluate FL measurement in Taiwanese neonates as a ...
de Brito Cristiane Silveira - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to assess the incidence of CVC-associated/related to bloodstream infection (BSI) to different types of CVC, by classes of neonatal birth weight. METHODS: The research was conducted in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Uberlandia University Hospital from April/2006 through April/2008. The population analyzed ...
Marín Gabriel M A - - 2009
AIMS: The aims of this study is to (i) determine the age of sitting unsupported and independent walking in preterm infants with birth weight under 1500 g (very low birth weight, VLBW); (ii) estimate differences between VLBW children and a reference population and (iii) estimate the association between clinical characteristics ...
Amirlak I - - 2009
Micronutrient deficiencies exist among women of childbearing age in the United Arab Emirates but the effects of maternal micronutrient deficiency on fetal growth are not well documented. To investigate the association between micronutrients and birth weight, we measured maternal and cord blood micronutrients (vitamin A, C, D, and E) and ...
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