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Akin Mustafa Ali - - 2011
Fertility and maintanence of pregnancy is impaired in patients with SLE, which is an autoimmune disease commonly seen in women of childbearing age, due to disease-causing autoantibodies. The auto-antibodies transplacentally passing to the fetus may destroy the specific fetal tissues according to their types. These harmful effects may also continue ...
Massaro An N - - 2011
In a prospective study, we evaluated the perioperative application of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Network Neurobehavioral Scale in a cohort of newborns with congenital heart disease (CHD). Infants with CHD were found to have suboptimal neurobehavioral performance compared with healthy infants without CHD, with particular vulnerability in the Regulation ...
Linder Nehama - - 2011
This study sought to expand current knowledge on the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of persistent coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (CoNS) bacteremia in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. Background and disease-related data were collected prospectively on 143 VLBW infants diagnosed with CoNS bacteremia at a pediatric tertiary medical center in 1995-2003. Findings were compared between ...
Tamaru Shunsuke - - 2011
Very premature infants occasionally have neurodevelopmental disabilities. However, there have been quite limited data on prenatal risk factors associated with their neurodevelopmental outcomes. To clarify the relationship between prenatal risk factors and neurodevelopmental outcomes of very premature infants. The study design is a retrospective review. One hundred seventy Japanese women ...
Lahmiti Saad - - 2011
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a gastrointestinal disease that mostly affects premature infants. It involves infection and inflammation that causes destruction of the bowel. Although it affects only 1 in 2,000 to 4,000 births, or between 1 and 5% of neonatal intensive care unit admissions, NEC is the most common and ...
Snyder Scott R - - 2011
A wheeze is a high-pitched, musical, continuous sound that originates from oscillations in narrowed airways. Wheezing is most often the result of bronchiolitis in infants and asthma in older children. This article will discuss the similarities and differences between these two childhood diseases, along with management of the infant or ...
Krilov Leonard R - - 2011
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading cause of acute lower respiratory tract infections in infants and young children, accounting for more than 100,000 hospitalizations per year in the USA. The majority of hospitalizations occur in infants less than 1 year of age. Worldwide, RSV is associated with an annual ...
Onalo Richard - - 2011
Neonatal tetanus is a highly debilitating disease with high mortality. Global efforts at eliminating the disease in developing countries are yielding results but slower than expected. The high case fatality of neonatal tetanus remains a therapeutic challenge to physicians and requires continuous evaluation. This study aimed to determine the incidence ...
Willows Noreen D - - 2011
The WHO Child Growth Standards (CGS) which were recently adopted by the Canadian Pediatric Society were used to assess the relative size of Cree newborns. Birth weight, length, and head circumference, and growth indices of 2,127 Cree newborns were compared with the CGS. Maternal characteristics of pregnancy and infant birth ...
Channon Andrew A R - - 2011
This study investigates the patterns of recording birth weight data in retrospective surveys and their influence on birth weight estimates in less developed countries. We hypothesise that the method of reporting birth weight in surveys influences the classification of infants in the low birth weight category. Population-level data from Demographic ...
Parsons Christine E - - 2011
Cleft lip and palate is the most common of the congenital conditions affecting the face and cranial bones and is associated with a raised risk of difficulties in infant-caregiver interaction; the reasons for such difficulties are not fully understood. Here, we report two experiments designed to explore how adults respond ...
Siggers Richard H - - 2010
The gastrointestinal inflammatory disorder, necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), is among the most serious diseases for preterm neonates. Nutritional, microbiological and immunological dysfunctions all play a role in disease progression but the relationship among these determinants is not understood. The preterm gut is very sensitive to enteral feeding which may either promote ...
Santiago-Herrera Rogerio - - 2010
We report the MDCT findings of a 17-month-old girl with Cantrell´s pentalogy, a rare congenital disease characterized by several defects in the ventral thoracoabdominal wall including ectopia cordis, and, in this patient, associated with tetralogy of Fallot. This case provides an example of the utility of a wide volume in ...
Papaevangelou Vassiliki - - 2011
Hepatitis B virus infection is an important public health problem worldwide and eliminating mother-to-infant transmission is important to decrease the prevalence of chronic HBV-infection. Although, immunoprophylaxis given at birth largely prevents mother-to-infant transmission, perinatal HBV viremia has been reported in HBsAg(-) newborns born mainly to HBeAg(+) women in endemic areas. ...
Chia Pei-San - - 2010
Transient neonatal pustular melanosis is mostly found in full-term black infants. It is a benign and self-limited disease, and the etiology is still unknown. We present a full-term female neonate with multiple vesiculopustular and pigmented macular lesions found immediately after her birth. A skin biopsy showed vesicles consisting of intracorneal ...
Norberg Hanna - - 2011
This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of repeated courses of antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) on foetal growth. We studied 94 infants exposed to 2-9 courses of ACS. Mean gestational age (GA) at first exposure was 29 and at birth 34 weeks. Exposure data were retrieved from case record files. ...
Abrams Melissa L ML Department of Dermatology, Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2011
Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) is a rare, chronic, autoimmune bullous dermatosis that is caused by autoantibodies against the noncollagenous terminus of the α chain of type VII collagen, resulting in decreased anchoring fibrils in the lamina densa. It classically presents with skin fragility and trauma-induced blisters that are particularly extensive ...
Glinianaia Svetlana V - - 2011
To investigate changes in rates of cerebral palsy (CP) by birth weight, gestational age, severity of disability, clinical subtype and maternal age in the North of England, 1991-2000. Data on 908 cases of CP (816 singletons, 92 multiples) were analysed from the prospective population-based North of England Collaborative Cerebral Palsy ...
van Zwol Annelies - - 2011
In a previous randomised controlled trial, we found that glutamine-enriched enteral nutrition in 102 very low birthweight (VLBW) infants decreased both the incidence of serious infections in the neonatal period and the risk of atopic dermatitis during the first year of life. We hypothesised that glutamine-enriched enteral nutrition in VLBW ...
Romaneli Mariana T N - - 2010
To detect factors associated with greater risk of death in infants after an apparent life-threatening event (ALTE). This cross-sectional, retrospective, descriptive and analytic study evaluated infants younger than 12 months who had a sudden event of cyanosis, pallor, hypotonia or apnea and were seen in the emergency department of a ...
Dimitriou Gabriel - - 2010
We describe a term infant without any features of congenital infection, who presented with respiratory distress at birth. Respiratory distress persisted despite change of antibiotics, and chest radiography showed bilateral diffuse patchy infiltrates. Congenital infections screening obtained on the 10th day of life was reported positive for syphilis. The infant ...
Gopinath Bamini - - 2010
In the current study, we aimed to examine the associations of low birth weight with retinal vascular caliber and vascular fractal dimension during early adolescence. A population-based study of 12-year-old schoolchildren (2353/3144 [75.3%]) recruited from a random cluster sample of 21 schools. Birth weight, birth length and head circumference were ...
Das Jyotirmoy - - 2010
Since the invention of pulse oximetry by Takuo Aoyagi in the early 1970s, its use has expanded beyond the perioperative care into neonatal, paediatric and adult intensive care units (ICUs). Pulse oximetry is one of the most important advances in respiratory monitoring as its readings (SpO(2)) are used clinically as ...
Ellis Collin L - - 2010
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common intestinal emergency among premature infants. Risk factors in premature infants include immature intestinal immunity and an intestinal microbiota dominated by hospital-acquired bacteria. Some probiotics have been shown to decrease the incidence of NEC in premature infants. Among term infants, NEC is rare. However, ...
Bell Michelle L ML Yale University, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, New Haven, CT 06511, USA. - - 2010
Exposure to fine particles (PM2.5) during pregnancy has been linked to lower birth weight; however, the chemical composition of PM2.5 varies widely. The health effects of PM2.5 constituents are unknown. We investigated whether PM2.5 mass, constituents, and sources are associated with birth weight for term births. PM2.5 filters collected in ...
Adkins Ronald M RM Department of Pediatrics, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38103, USA. - - 2010
There is a substantial genetic component for birth weight variation. We tested 18 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the IGF2, H19, and IGF2R genes for associations with birth weight variation in 342 mother-newborn pairs (birth weight 2.1-4.7 kg at term) and 527 parent-newborn trios (birth weight 2.1-5.1 kg) across three ...
Osorio Jesús Corría - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the influence that maternal redox status, between 30 and 36 weeks of healthy human pregnancy, has on birth weight. Ferric reducing potential (FRP), extracellular superoxide dismutase (ecSOD) activity and erythrocyte reduced glutathione (eGSH) concentration were measured as antioxidant indicators, and serum malondialdehyde ...
Pathak Sangeeta - - 2010
A few recent studies have investigated the relationship between birth weight and digitally derived placental dimensions, and no standardised methodology has been used. The aims of this study are to compare manually derived placental measurements with those derived digitally and to establish the relationship of birth weight to the placental ...
Bödecs Tamás - - 2011
To investigate possible associations of maternal antenatal depression, anxiety and self-esteem with negative neonatal outcomes controlling for the effects of demographic covariates and health behaviour in a Hungarian sample. A population-based monitoring system was established in 10 districts of health visitors in Szombathely, Hungary, covering every woman registered as pregnant ...
Sunil Thankam S - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to provide new empirical evidence linking migration of Mexican households to the USA with infant health outcomes. By using new data for Mexico, the Encuesta Nacional de la Dinamica Demografica 2006, this research focuses on the effect of migration on birth weight. Multivariate logistic ...
Shepard Charles W - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have described the survival of low-birth-weight infants weighing less than 1.5 kg at operation for a cardiac malformation. Our goal was to determine if body weight at surgery affects survival. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study using outcome data from the Pediatric Cardiac Care Consortium between ...
Olusanya Bolajoko O - - 2010
This cross-sectional study explored the predictive utility of head circumference (HC) and crown-heel length (CHL) as surrogates for identifying birth weight < 2500g (LBW) and < 2000g (VLBW) in an inner-city community with predominant non-hospital births in Lagos, Nigeria. The accuracy of HC and CHL in detecting LBW infants was ...
Fan Zhongjie - - 2010
Clinical epidemiological studies suggested a link between fetal growth conditions and later coronary heart disease (CHD) in adult life. However, no such studies have been conducted in a Chinese population. We investigated the association between various birth characteristics and CHD occurrence in a Chinese cohort. Retrospective cohort study. Peking Union ...
Siniarska A - - 2010
Several studies have shown the month of birth effect on birth weight and height of children. The mechanism of this phenomenon is not fully explained. Using data from Warsaw hospitals, the influence of four climatic factors (temperature, sunlight, humidity and rainfall) on birth outcomes was studied. The sample consisted of ...
Bralić Irena - - 2010
The aim of the study was to assess neonatal birth weight (BW) differences between inland and littoral Croatia, to identify BW groups with most pronounced differences, and possible variations in the rate of BW > or = 4000 g between Sibenik area and the rest of littoral (counties with access ...
Blumenshine Philip - - 2010
Adverse birth outcomes, such as preterm birth and low birth weight, have serious health consequences across the life course. Socioeconomic disparities in birth outcomes have not been the subject of a recent systematic review. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature on the association of socioeconomic ...
Fujioka Kazumichi - - 2010
We report the intact surviving case of a newborn with a birth weight of 412 g delivered from an active systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) mother with antiphospholipid syndrome. A review of the literature revealed that our infant is the lowest surviving birth weight in newborns from SLE mothers to date.
Hoops Debra - - 2010
To determine the (1) incidence of peripheral blood glucose (PBG < 40 mg/dL) in infants within 2 hours of birth and (2) validity of using maternal and infant risk factors and/or infant signs/symptoms of hypoglycemia as a screen for PBG < 40 mg/dL. Descriptive study with a convenience sample of ...
Bonzini M - - 2010
There is growing interest in the possible association between maternal exposure to air pollutants and reproductive outcomes, particularly birth weight and gestational duration. Four systematic reviews of data were published in 2004-2005, but the wide variability of methods and results among the different studies produced conflicting conclusions. This study was ...
Crowell David H - - 2010
Comprehensive birth weight analyses of single primiparous infants of Samoan, Caucasian, Chinese, Filipino, Hawaiian/Part Hawaiian, Japanese racial ethnic groups. Sampling of intrauterine growth designed to reflect antecedent intra- and extra-environmental factors and insure uniform racial-ethnic data for any later genetic and phenotypic birth weight modeling. Based upon predetermined relevant gestational ...
Xu Tao - - 2010
To determine the relationship between birth size and later QOL for Chinese people. Birth data of 1074 subjects were obtained from obstetric birth records of Peking Union Medical College Hospital. All subjects are interviewed face to face with the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey scale by trained investigators. Linear regression model ...
Lim Jae Woo - - 2010
The acculturation effect of immigrant women on birth outcomes varies by race. We examined birth outcomes of three groups of births for the period 1995-2004, USA births to the USA-born Korean mothers, USA births to the non-USA-born Korean mothers, and births in Korea. In singleton USA births to both Korean ...
Erlandson Marta C - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of preterm low birth weight on bone mineral content in adolescence. In 2007 to 2008, data on adolescents were obtained for study, including 16 females and 25 males who were born preterm (≤37 weeks' gestation) between October 1, 1989, and ...
Sajjadian Negar - - 2010
Deciduous teeth play an important role in the proper alignment, spacing and occlusion of permanent teeth. The calcification of deciduous teeth begins during the fourth prenatal month, and calcification of all deciduous teeth begin by the end of the sixth prenatal month. The eruption date varies and is genetically influenced. ...
Khoushabi Fahimeh - - 2010
The objective of this study was to measure anthropometric and haemoglobin level and nutrient intake of expecting women in the third trimester of pregnancy and to relate the birth weight of neonates as outcome of pregnancy. A cross sectional study was performed in Zahedan City. Two hospitals situated in the ...
Auger Nathalie - - 2011
Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields has been linked to adverse birth outcomes. This study evaluated whether maternal residential proximity to power transmission lines was associated with adverse birth outcomes. Live singleton births in the Montréal and Québec census metropolitan areas from 1990 to 2004 were extracted from the Québec birth ...
Mohamed Mohamed A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Postnatal survival rates of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants are well established for each birth weight or gestational age category. These figures do not differentiate viable infants who survive the first few days of life from extremely immature ones who die shortly after birth. This study aimed to ...
Alo D - - 2010
This interventional study was done to determine the effect of parenteral amino acid supplementation on weight change, biochemical effect and incidence of sepsis in preterm low birth weight newborns during their hospital stay. It was carried out during the period of June 2006-May 2007 in the Newborn unit of a ...
Johnson Susan C - - 2010
Three visual habituation studies using abstract animations tested the claim that infants' attachment behavior in the Strange Situation procedure corresponds to their expectations about caregiver-infant interactions. Three unique patterns of expectations were revealed. Securely attached infants expected infants to seek comfort from caregivers and expected caregivers to provide comfort. Insecure-resistant ...
Rice Frances F University College London, United Kingdom. - - 2010
Genetic factors and the prenatal environment contribute to birth weight. However, very few types of study design can disentangle their relative contribution. To examine maternal genetic and intrauterine contributions to offspring birth weight and head circumference. To compare the contribution of maternal and paternal genetic effects. Mothers and fathers were ...
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