Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1474
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Christensen R D - - 2006
We sought to generate a contemporary postnatal weight grid for low birth weight (LBW, <2500 g) neonates using actual data, not mathematically derived idealized weight curves. To do this, we collected electronic data from all neonatal intensive care units (NICU) patients weighing 400-2600 g at birth, during 30 consecutive months ...
Leary Sam S Diabetes Unit, King Edward Memorial Hospital, Pune, India. - - 2006
Recent studies have shown associations between size and body proportions at birth and health outcomes throughout the life cycle, but there are few data on how neonatal phenotype varies in different populations around the world. Data from the UK, Finland, India, Sri Lanka, China, DR Congo, Nigeria, and Jamaica (n=22,067) ...
Burkhardt Tilo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: There is evidence for a correlation between placental weight and future chronic disease, notably hypertension and diabetes. However, there are no reference scales for placentas that are readily weighed in the delivery room. METHODS: This cross-sectional study generated reference values for the weight of freshly delivered untrimmed placentas, and ...
Blumenfeld Zeev - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In cases of triplet gestation where patients are reluctant to undergo multifetal pregnancy reduction, it would be helpful to identify predictive factors regarding poor or better outcomes. One such possible factor may be maternal height, which is possibly predictive of gestational age and neonatal birth weight. MATERIAL/METHODS: To examine ...
Khanjani N - - 2006
Persistent organochlorine pesticides, such as dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), are lipophilic environmental pollutants which accumulate in the food chain. These chemicals have long half-lives and can be detected in human milk, serum, and some other tissues. These chemicals have recently been under scrutiny for their possible health hazards such as cancer and ...
Rugholm Susi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether changes in the birth weight distribution or changes in the association of birth weight with the later risk of childhood overweight have contributed to the development of the obesity epidemic. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A Danish population-based cohort study of 124,615 girls and 128,346 boys (ages ...
Catov Janet M - - 2006
PURPOSE: We assessed the accuracy and reliability of maternal recall of infant birth weight 35 to 70 years after delivery. METHODS: A total of 120 well functioning women (mean age 80 years; 45% Black) reported the birth weight for each live birth and then provided documentation of birth weights (n ...
Gebremariam A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight continues to remain a major public health problem in Ethiopia in contrast to what is observed in many developing countries. OBJECTIVES: To assess some of the predisposing factors to low birth weight among deliveries in Jimma hospital. DESIGN: Cross-sectional case referent study. SETTING: Maternal and child ...
Locatelli Anna - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess which factors independently affect survival in infants weighing 750g or less. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed the obstetric, neonatal, and placental pathology information of all non-malformed neonates with birth weight of 750g or less from January 1998 to December 2002. Logistic regression analysis was used to control for ...
Lima Rosângela da C Rda - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To study the associations between respiratory function in 18-year-old male subjects and birth weight, preterm delivery, and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). METHODS: Population-based birth cohort. Subsamples of 118 male subjects with low birth weight (LBW) [< 2,500 g] and 236 male subjects with normal birth weight were examined at ...
Khairil O A - - 2005
In the initial clinical examination of a child with ambiguous genitalia an accurate measurement of the corporeal length is needed. Most often the corporeal length is measured with a ruler from the symphysis pubis to the tip of the glans of a stretched penis. More recently, ultrasound has been successfully ...
Salafia Carolyn M - - 2005
Fetal growth depends in part on placental growth. The authors tested placental measures derived from digital images for reliability and to evaluate their association with birth weight and gestational age. A total of 628 women recruited into the Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition Study, a prospective cohort study of preterm birth ...
Rwebembera Anath Ab-Bakari - - 2006
The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between infant birth weight </=2000 g and maternal zinc status. The study was an unmatched case control. The study was conducted at Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH) in labor ward, from July to September 2002. The study population consisted infants with ...
Fok T F - - 2006
Abnormalities of limbs are important features of some syndromes recognizable at birth. The purpose of this study was to establish normal standards of limbs including arm length, arm circumference, upper arm length, lower arm length, leg length, thigh circumference, upper leg length, and lower leg length. 10,226 infants (5,422 males, ...
Lunardelli Abelardo Nunes - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The relationship between periodontal diseases in pregnancy and children born prematurely or with low birth weight has been increasingly investigated, showing inconclusive results. OBJECTIVES: To test the link between periodontal disease in pregnant women and low birth weight or prematurity. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional study was carried out in ...
Longnecker Matthew P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In developed countries, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are ubiquitous contaminants of the environment, including foods. Within the range of the resulting low-level exposure, associations of PCBs with lower birth weight have been observed in several studies. METHODS: To examine further the association of PCBs with birth outcomes, we measured serum ...
Basso Olga - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Small babies are known to be at increased risk for a wide range of difficulties. In predicting risk, it may be more informative to estimate smallness in relation to family norm (using the birth weight of an older sibling) rather than to use the standard "small-for-gestational-age" (SGA z-score) measure. ...
Fok T F - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Disturbed growth of the trunk may result in abnormal sternocostal relationship and a variety of pectus deformities. AIMS: The purposes of this study were to establish norms of trunk anthropometry for dysmorphology identification in the newborns and to evaluate chest circumference as a predictor for low birth weight for ...
Henderson-Smart D J - - 2006
To identify prenatal risk factors for chronic lung disease (CLD) at 36 weeks postmenstrual age in very preterm infants. Data were collected prospectively as part of the ongoing audit of the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network (ANZNN) of all infants born at less than 32 weeks gestation admitted to ...
Koupil I - - 2005
We investigated the association of size at birth with hypertensive status defined by office blood pressure (BP) and 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring in a historical cohort study of 736 men born 1920-1924 and examined at age 70 years. Office BP was measured after 10-min supine rest with a sphygmomanometer, ambulatory ...
Laerum B N - - 2005
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that atopic disorders may begin in intra-uterine life; however, studies of birth characteristics and atopy show conflicting results. METHODS: We wanted to investigate the association of birth weight and head circumference with serum total or specific IgE, allergic rhinitis or eczema while addressing the influence of ...
Müller Martina - - 2005
Perinatal and infant mortality rates are considered key indicators of medical care. The aim of this investigation was to examine how representative and reliable the official national figures of Switzerland are by comparing them with the data in local birth registers. 124 of 156 maternity hospitals in Switzerland, catering for ...
Wingate Martha S - - 2006
Various studies have observed that infants born to foreign-born women have better birth outcomes (lower rates of preterm, low birth weight, and infant mortality) than those delivered to US-born women. While much attention has been given to the "healthy migrant effect" as an explanation for these positive outcomes, this theory ...
Al-Qahtani D A - - 2005
A retrospective hospital-based cross-sectional survey in a Saudi Arabian hospital compared the frequency of visits to hospital of low-birth-weight and normal-birth-weight infants and of preterm and full-term infants during the first year of life. A multivariate analysis of the visits for health care with birth weight, term, Apgar score, mode ...
Cuevas Katherine D KD VITAS Innovative Hospice Care, Miami, FL, - - 2005
The proportion of preterm and low-birth-weight infants has been growing steadily for two decades. Most of the more than US 10 billion dollars spent on neonatal care in the United States in 2003 was spent on the 12.3% of infants who were born preterm. Research has shown higher initial hospital ...
Mohanty C - - 2006
The usefulness of maternal anthropometric parameters i.e. maternal weight (MWt), maternal height (MHt), maternal mid-arm circumference (MMAC) and maternal body mass index (MBMI) as predictors of low birth weight (LBW) was studied in 395 singleton pregnancies. The maternal anthropometric parameters were measured in the first trimester of pregnancy and were ...
Dooley David - - 2005
Low birth weight has been linked at the aggregate level to unemployment rates and at the individual level to subjective distress. We hypothesize that maternal underemployment, including unemployment, involuntary part-time work, and low wage work predicts decreased birth weight. The relationship of birth weight to maternal employment changes during pregnancy ...
Miletić Tomislav - - 2005
The study included 2300 healthy couples and their healthy newborns delivered vaginally from singleton, normal term (37-42 weeks) pregnancies in Sibenik, Zadar and Split (Croatia). Both fathers and mothers of male newborns were older and had a higher weight than those of female newborns (p < 0.05). Gestational age and ...
Moreu Gerardo - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of periodontal status on low-birth-weight pre-term delivery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety-six pregnant women were examined in their first, second and third trimester to record plaque scores, clinically assessed gingival inflammation and probing depth (mean depth and percentage of sites ...
te Velde Saskia J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether IGF-I promoter polymorphism was associated with birth weight and risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM), and whether the birth weight--risk factor relationship was the same for each genotype. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: 264 subjects (mean age 36 years) had data available on ...
Liao Xiang-Peng - - 2005
BACKGROUND: There are a few quantitative ultrasound (QUS) studies of bone status for Chinese children. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical application and to investigate the bone status of neonates and young infants with QUS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An ultrasound bone sonometer was used to measure the bone speed of sound ...
Ross Amanda - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, growth monitoring for every infant consumes time and resources with no evidence of any benefits. We consider an alternative pragmatic approach which provides scheduled monitoring for low birth weight infants only, and takes advantage of non-routine clinic visits for normal birth weight infants. We investigate the ...
Aliyu Muktar H - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between high parity and fetal morbidity outcomes. METHODS: We analyzed 22,463,141 singleton deliveries at 20 weeks or more of gestation in the United States from 1989 through 2000. Adjusted odds ratios generated from logistic regression models were used to approximate relative risk for neonatal morbidity ...
Yildirim Hanefi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to establish normative data for the flow velocity waveform indices of the renal arteries in the neonatal population and to evaluate the differentiation between birth weight and gestational age of neonates. METHODS: Color sonography was performed in 65 neonates on the fifth day ...
Murray Philip G - - 2005
AIM: To determine whether patients with septooptic dysplasia (SOD) are of normal birth weight and gestation but are born to mothers who are significantly younger than average. METHODS: Retrospective study of 30 patients with SOD attending the Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow. Birth data for the Scottish population were ...
Preiksa R T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cryptorchidism at birth is one of the symptoms of testicular dysgenesis syndrome (TDS). The aim of the study was to detect prevalence of cryptorchidism in Lithuanian newborn boys. METHODS: A total of 1204 consecutively born boys were examined within the first days after birth in one regional hospital. Boys ...
Ramadhani Made K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between intrauterine growth and the metabolic syndrome, particularly fasting serum lipids in young adulthood. METHODS: Seven hundred and forty-four young adults aged 26-31 years participated in the ARYA birth cohort. Birth characteristics were available from charts kept by the Municipal Health Service, Utrecht, The Netherlands. ...
Zhu B-P - - 2005
The relationship between interpregnancy interval and adverse birth outcomes (i.e., low birth weight, preterm birth, and small size for gestational age) was examined in three recent studies conducted in Utah and Michigan of the United States. These studies were conducted among different populations, used different study designs (i.e., cross-sectional and ...
Al-Shehri Mohamed A - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To study the anthropometric parameters of Southwestern Saudi newborns in Abha (a high altitude area) and Baish (a sea level area of Southwestern Saudi Arabia); to compare these parameters with those of the United States Center for Disease Control 2000 growth charts and to estimate the incidence of low ...
Das Jagadish C - - 2005
Birth weight is a reliable and sensitive indicator for predicting the immediate or later outcome of a newborn child. In a developing country like Bangladesh, where more than 75% of deliveries occur in rural community and are mostly attended by Traditional Birth Attendants (TBA) or relatives, birth weight cannot be ...
De Felice Claudio - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Estimating the risk of in-hospital mortality provides essential information in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The clinical risk index for babies (CRIB) is a widely used, risk-adjustment instrument to determine illness severity in infants of gestational age <or=31 wks, or birth weight <or=1,500 g, recently updated and simplified ...
Shin Son-Moon - - 2005
To obtain the low birth weight (LBW) rate, the very low birth weight (VLBW) rate, and gestational age (GA)-specific birth weight distribution based on a large population in Korea, we collected and analyzed the birth data of 108,486 live births with GA greater than 23 weeks for 1 yr from ...
Sir-Petermann Teresa - - 2005
BACKGROUND: A relationship between reduced fetal growth and the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has been proposed in girls with PCOS. However, the birth weight in the offspring of PCOS mothers has not been systematically investigated. The aim of this study was to establish the birth weight of newborns of mothers ...
Blanc Ann K - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To critically examine the data used to produce estimates of the proportion of infants with low birth weight in developing countries and to describe biases in these data. To assess the effect of adjustment procedures on the estimates and propose a modified estimation procedure for international reporting purposes. METHODS: ...
Paauw James D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is reported in 0.5-2% of all pregnancies. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the relationship of maternal HG, neonatal birth weight, and birth outcomes. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of 45 patients diagnosed, by Fairweather's criteria, with HG compared with 306 non-HG ...
Lasker Judith N - - 2005
Recognition of a higher than average incidence of low birth weight (LBW) deliveries in areas of Eastern Pennsylvania led to an analysis of more than 5,500 deliveries in one of the region's hospital systems to investigate the predictors of LBW in that population. Results of multivariate analysis indicate key variables ...
Bacak Stephen J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine characteristics associated with neonatal mortality among extremely low-birth-weight infants (< or = 1000 g). STUDY DESIGN: A population-based, case-control study using linked Missouri birth and death certificates from 1989 to 1997 was conducted. Cases (n = 835) were defined as extremely ...
Marin Constanza - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have suggested that periodontal disease is a risk factor for low birth weight (LBW) with other multiple factors. A cross-sectional study was undertaken to help further evaluate the proposed association between periodontal disease and infant birth weight. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Caucasian pregnant women (n=152), aged 14-39 years, ...
Eide Martha G - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Both birth length and birth weight are associated with height in adulthood and may have independent contributions to adult body size, but the effects of gestational age on these associations have not been fully evaluated. Our objective was to examine the independent contributions of gestational age, and of length ...
Tate A Rosemary - - 2005
The Millennium Cohort Study of UK babies born this century obtained maternal report of birth weight and data on the family's characteristics, including parental ethnicity, education, and social circumstances. Parental permission to link babies to their birth registration data provided the opportunity to investigate factors affecting accuracy of maternal recall ...
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