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Aktaş Doğukan D Zeynep Kamil Educational and Training Hospital, Department of Neonatology, Operatör Doktor Burhanettin Üstünel Caddesi No:10, Üsküdar, İstanbul, - - 2014
To investigate the efficacy and safety of recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) to treat sepsis in neutropenic preterm infants. Fifty-six neutropenic preterm infants with suspected or culture-proven sepsis hospitalized in Zeynep Kamil Maternity and Children's Educational and Training Hospital, Kozyatağı/Istanbul, Turkey between January 2008 ...
Degirmencioglu Halil H División de Neonatología, Hospital Universitario Maternal Zekai Tahir Burak, - - 2014
We report an infant who developed encephalopathy within the first 3 days of life. He had persistent hiccups that progressed to deep coma 72 hours after admission. The sepsis parameters and cerebrospinal fluid examination (CSF) were normal. The metabolic evaluation confirmed hyperammonemia, and hypercitrullinemia. The ratio of CSF/plasma glycine concentration ...
El-Ganzoury Mona M MM Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of enteral recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) and recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) in preventing feeding intolerance. An interventional randomized control trial was conducted in 90 preterm infants born at ≤33 weeks gestational age. The neonates were assigned to 4 groups; 20 received rhG-CSF, 20 ...
Kelly Lauren E - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess central nervous system depression and other adverse effects in infants exposed to benzodiazepines through breast milk. STUDY DESIGN: A prospectively recruited, retrospectively assessed cohort study of mothers who contacted the Motherisk program regarding the safety of benzodiazepines and were invited to participate in a follow-up program regarding ...
Hudak Mark L - - 2012
Maternal use of certain drugs during pregnancy can result in transient neonatal signs consistent with withdrawal or acute toxicity or cause sustained signs consistent with a lasting drug effect. In addition, hospitalized infants who are treated with opioids or benzodiazepines to provide analgesia or sedation may be at risk for ...
Wong Shui Hung - - 2012
Past research has shown that traditional Chinese death beliefs, which mostly consisted of superstitious thoughts, are related to death anxiety. However, other studies have shown that superstitions may help people cope with uncertainty and, therefore, reduce uncertainty-induced anxiety. The role of superstitions, whether related to heightened death anxiety or reduced ...
Homae Fumitaka - - 2011
Understanding how the developing brain processes auditory information is a critical step toward the clarification of infants' perception of speech and music. We have reported that the infant brain perceives pitch information in speech sounds. Here, we used multichannel near-infrared spectroscopy to examine whether the infant brain is sensitive to ...
Lagatta Joanne - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive value of early therapy for ventilated extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants beyond information available at delivery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, single-center cohort analysis of 177 ventilated ELBW infants. We collected information known at delivery (gestational age, birth weight, singleton, sex, antenatal steroids) and additional information ...
Zanini Roselaine Ruviaro - - 2011
To analyze neonatal mortality determinants using multilevel logistic regression and classic hierarchical models. Cohort study including 138,407 live births with birth certificates and 1,134 neonatal deaths recorded in 2003, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Southern Brazil. The Information System on Live Births and mortality records were linked ...
Kavanagh K K Pathology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd., Winston-Salem, NC, USA. - - 2011
Causes of infant death remain unknown in significant proportions of human and non-human primate pregnancies. A closed breeding colony with high rates of infant mortality had pregnancies assessed (n=153) by fetal measurements and maternal characteristics. Infant outcome was classified as neonatal death (stillborn or died <48 hours from birth), postnatal ...
Diaz Anjolii A Department of Psychology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0436, United States. - - 2011
Infants with short look durations are generally thought to have better attentional capabilities due to their efficient information processing. Although effortful attention is considered a key component of developing regulatory abilities, little is known about the relation between speed and efficiency of processing and self-regulation. In this study, 5-month-old infants ...
Kothari Catherine L - - 2011
Study goals were to distinguish between maternal risk factors for fetal versus infant mortality, and to identify which maternal characteristics contributed the greatest risk of mortality overall. This case-control retrospective study abstracted data on more than forty maternal characteristics from 261 prenatal and delivery records: all 26 fetal deaths, all ...
De Rouck Sofie - - 2011
This article explores the concepts 'information behaviour' and 'illness trajectory' at the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). On the basis of literature review and exploratory interviews with neonatologists and head nurses of Belgian NICUs a conceptual framework is presented. The 'information behaviour' of parents of infants admitted to a NICU ...
Jones Shirley R - - 2011
The UNICEF Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) has identified steps to promote breast-feeding in maternity hospitals worldwide. However, in the UK it is customary for women to make informed choices about their method of infant feeding and surveys show that a substantial number choose formula feeding either initially or after ...
Bell Edward F - - 2011
The purpose of this project was to collect information on surviving infants with birth weights of <400 g. A Web-based registry was started in 2000 after searching for published reports of infants who survived to hospital discharge despite being born at <400 g. Fifteen cases were identified from scientific and ...
Main Elliott K - - 2010
Maternal mortality has recently been featured in both lay and professional literature often with a high degree of passion. This review will provide the obstetrician with a background of the current issues with maternal mortality. Current international data suggest significant improvement in maternal mortality in most countries with the exception ...
Amarin Zouhair - - 2010
To estimate the number of maternal deaths per 100000 live births during 2007-2008 among Jordanian women; to identify the causes of maternal mortality; and to compare the results with those of the last report for 1995-1996. Reproductive-age mortality study of maternal deaths among women aged 15-49 years in Jordan in ...
Shaikh Salima - - 2011
Non-group O neonates require testing for passively acquired maternal isohemagglutinins for them to receive type-specific red blood cells (RBCs), according to the latest edition of the AABB Standards. A neonate is defined as an infant up to 4 months old in the AABB Standards, and many blood banks tend to ...
Raineki C - - 2010
Infant rats must learn to identify their mother's diet-dependent odor. Once learned, maternal odor controls pups' approach to the mother, their social behavior and nipple attachment. Here we present a review of the research from four different laboratories, which suggests that neural and behavioral responses to the natural maternal odor ...
Tikotzky Liat - - 2010
This study assessed whether elevated severities of maternal depression and disturbed maternal sleep would be associated with maternal perceptions of higher Negative Affectivity of her infant. Sixty-nine mothers participated in this study. The study was part of a larger randomized controlled study testing the efficacy of acupuncture as a treatment ...
Grant Kerry-Ann - - 2010
Animal studies have shown that postnatal rearing style can modify the association between prenatal stress exposure and offspring neurodevelopmental outcomes. However, little is known about how parenting quality impacts the association between maternal prenatal anxiety and development in human infants. This prospective study examined the impact of maternal prenatal anxiety ...
Suzuki Keita - - 2010
As factors affecting neonatal neurodevelopment, methylmercury, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and maternal seafood intake reflecting n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are believed to have adverse or beneficial effects, but there are a few reports addressing such factors simultaneously. We carried out a birth cohort study to clarify the effects of these ...
Tollenaar M S - - 2011
Early life factors can shape the development of hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis. Maternal prenatal stress might constitute such an early environmental factor. As little is known about the relation between maternal prenatal stress and cortisol reactivity in human offspring, we performed a longitudinal study including four assessments of infant ...
Beijers Roseriet - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Evidence from both animals and humans suggests that maternal prenatal anxiety and stress can have adverse consequences on the offspring's development. Animal models also show that prenatal stress has programming effects on the physical health of the offspring, such as immune functioning. In human studies, however, physical health outcomes ...
Luque Fernández Miguel Ángel - - 2011
In Europe, different studies have identified immigrant women coming from developing countries as a risk group for maternal death. In Spain, an ecological study showed higher maternal mortality rates among foreign mothers compared with Spanish mothers during 2003-04. To examine whether the maternal death risk among foreign mothers in Spain ...
Grant Kerry-Ann - - 2010
Animal studies have demonstrated the interactive effects of prenatal stress exposure and postnatal rearing style on offspring capacity to manage stress. However, little is known about how parenting quality impacts the association between maternal prenatal anxiety and stress reactivity in human infants. This prospective study examined the impact of prenatal ...
Vasudevan Chakrapani - - 2011
In many industrialised countries, one in five women booking for antenatal care is obese. As well as affecting maternal health, maternal obesity may have important adverse consequences for fetal, neonatal and long-term health and well-being. Maternal obesity is associated with a higher risk of stillbirth, elective preterm birth and perinatal ...
Dierckx Bram - - 2011
Maternal psychopathology and the child's autonomic nervous system functioning are risk factors for aggressive behaviour later in life. While research has shown that maternal psychopathology already affects young children, less is known about the association between autonomic functioning and aggressive behaviour in young children. In addition, maternal psychopathology and autonomic ...
Liang Juan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the trend in maternal mortality ratio (MMR), characteristics and causes of maternal deaths, and factors influencing the MMR in China between 1996 and 2005. METHODS: Data used in this study are based on the nationwide maternal mortality surveillance system. Trend in MMR and cause-specific mortality were analyzed ...
Hogan Margaret C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality remains a major challenge to health systems worldwide. Reliable information about the rates and trends in maternal mortality is essential for resource mobilisation, and for planning and assessment of progress towards Millennium Development Goal 5 (MDG 5), the target for which is a 75% reduction in the ...
Hernández-Martínez Carmen - - 2010
The aim of this work is to study whether maternal anxiety is related to different neonatal behaviour in boys and girls. In boys (n=128), maternal anxiety is related to lower state organization and to increased autonomic stability. Girls' (n=131) behaviour is not related to maternal anxiety.
Zammit Maria - - 2011
Ten mothers were observed prospectively, interacting with their infants aged 0 ; 10 in two contexts (picture description and noun description). Maternal communicative behaviours were coded for volubility, gestural production and labelling style. Verbal labelling events were categorized into three exclusive categories: label only; label plus deictic gesture; label plus ...
Feldman Ruth - - 2010
Animal studies demonstrate that maternal touch and contact regulate infant stress, and handling during periods of maternal deprivation attenuates the stress response. To measure the effects of touch on infant stress reactivity during simulated maternal deprivation, 53 dyads were tested in two paradigms: still-face (SF) and still-face with maternal touch ...
Nwagha Uchenna Ifeanyi - - 2010
Maternal mortality is increasing despite all global efforts to reverse the trend. In our environment, most studies were based on only a single health institution, leading to varying reports of ratios and causes of maternal death. We sought to determine the ratio, causes, and key risk factors of maternal deaths ...
Luque Fern?ndez Miguel Angel - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare maternal mortality by province, autonomous region and mother's country of birth in Spain during 1999-2006. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional ecological study with all live births and maternal mortality cases occurring during 1999-2006 in Spain was done. Data were drawn from the National Statistics Institute ...
Battersby Sue - - 2010
To explore midwives' knowledge of and support for formula feeding and to identify barriers that may prevent midwives giving information to mothers who formula feed their infants. The study was designed in two phases using both qualitative and quantitative approaches. The total sample was 132 midwives. Guidance on ethical approval ...
Lista Gianluca - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) may cause peroxydation of lipids, proteins and deoxyribonucleic acids with subsequent cell damage. The hydroxyl radical (OH*) represents a measure of global oxidative stress. Hydroxyl radicals are short-lived; they form an important part of radical chemistry nonetheless. The measure of total antioxidant system (TAS) can ...
Nisar Nusrat - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To asses the Maternal Mortality Ratio and the causes of maternal death over a period of three years in one of the rural district of Sindh Province, Pakistan. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of maternal mortality was carried out for a period of 3 years from 2006 to2008 by reviewing ...
Berglund Anna - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe the process of change and assess compliance and effect on maternal and infant outcome when the WHO package Effective Perinatal Care (EPC) was implemented at maternities in Ukraine. DESIGN: Intervention study comparing outcomes before and during 2.5 years after training. SETTING: Three maternities in Donetsk, Lutsk and ...
Bigelow Ann E - - 2010
Relations among different measures of maternal sensitivity were assessed longitudinally by examining maternal behavior when infants were 4 months, 15 months, and 2.5 years. At each time period, two measures of maternal sensitivity were scored (4 months: maternal vocal and smiling contingency in face-to-face interactions; 15 months: maternal scaffolding and ...
Grant Kerry-Ann - - 2009
This study prospectively examined the separate and combined influences of maternal prenatal anxiety disorder and postnatal caregiving sensitivity on infants' salivary cortisol responses to the still-face procedure. Effects were assessed by measuring infant salivary cortisol upon arrival at the laboratory, and at 15-, 25-, and 40-min following the still-face procedure. ...
McCaw-Binns A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The paper summarizes the changing epidemiology of maternal mortality and the new challenges as Jamaica seeks to contribute to the international goal to reduce maternal mortality by 75% worldwide between 1990 and 2015. METHODS: This is a review of Jamaica's two decades of maternal mortality surveillance experience. RESULTS: Jamaica ...
Daramola A O - - 2009
Maternal mortality rates are an index of the state of a nation's health system. Maternal autopsies help to determine these rates, provide information on avoidable/unavoidable causes of mortality, consequently leading to the development of strategies for treatment and prevention of maternal mortality and morbidity. The lesson from post-mortem examinations, using ...
Chhour Kim-Ly - - 2010
Marsupial mammals, born in an extremely atricial state with no functional immune system, offer a unique opportunity to investigate both the developing microbiome and its relationship to that of the mother and the potential influence of this microbiome upon the development of the immune system. In this study we used ...
Cross Suzanne - - 2010
The first target of the fifth United Nations Millennium Development Goal is to reduce maternal mortality by 75% between 1990 and 2015. This target is critically off track. Despite difficulties inherent in measuring maternal mortality, interventions aimed at reducing it must be monitored and evaluated to determine the most effective ...
McGuire W - - 2010
In many industrialised countries almost one in five pregnant women is obese. Maternal obesity has major implications for the fetus and newborn infants, and may have adverse consequences for lifelong health and well-being. We discuss the current epidemiological evidence for the association of maternal obesity with congenital structural neural tube ...
Kullima Abubakar Ali - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To look at the trends in maternal mortality in our institution over 5 years. METHODS: Records of 112 maternal deaths were retrospectively reviewed to determine the trends and the likely direct cause of each death over the study period. RESULTS: There were a total of 112 maternal deaths, while ...
Harrison Kelsey A - - 2009
According to UNICEF estimates for Nigeria, maternal mortality ratio is 1100 per 100,000 live births, antenatal care coverage 47 percent, institutional delivery rate 33 percent, and each woman bears six children on the average. Reducing the high maternal mortality ratio, which is the prime concern, has hitherto concentrated on transforming ...
Zehner Elizabeth R - - 2009
Members of the Infant and Young Child Nutrition (IYCN) Working Group of the Ten Year Strategy for the Reduction of Vitamin and Mineral Deficiencies and several guests and speakers participated in a workshop in Geneva on 10 October 2008. The workshop had two broad objectives. The first objective was to ...
Reddy Sai Subhodhini - - 2009
Despite advances in recent decades, infant survival in pregnant women on hemodialysis remains suboptimal. Asamiya et al. found that higher maternal hemoglobin was associated with successful pregnancy and maternal blood urea nitrogen (BUN) was negatively correlated with infant birth weight and gestational age. Their study suggests that increased or intensive ...
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