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Results 401 - 450 of 563
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Giacoia G P - - 1992
Autoimmune diseases affect a significant number of women in their childbearing years. This group of disorders constitutes a heterogeneous spectrum with a common basis involving the presence of autoantibodies often of the IgG type. Transplacental transfer of autoantibodies is not uncommon, and autoantibodies can be readily demonstrated in newborn serum. ...
Toure B - - 1992
In order to evaluate the level of maternal mortality at Conakry, capital of Guinea (West Africa), a descriptive epidemiological study was made of all maternal deaths occurring between July 1st, 1989 and June 30th, 1990. To ensure that cases of maternal death were recorded as exhaustively as possible, we conducted ...
Matsaganis M - - 1992
The paper is an attempt to analyse the pattern of cross-boundary flows to maternity clinics. The question is whether the expectations of expectant mothers who often travel long distances in order to give birth can be (i) explained by the lack of adequate levels of care in the out-flow areas, ...
McGrath M M - - 1992
Maternal self-esteem is examined from theoretical and clinical perspectives. The construct of maternal self-esteem is described, and infant and maternal factors affecting it are delineated. These factors include infant health, maternal perception of infant health, and newborn characteristics. Particular emphasis is placed on maternal perception of the infant's health and ...
Schuitemaker N W - - 1991
Maternal mortality rates in developed countries have declined steeply during the last 50 years. The introduction of sulphonamides and blood transfusion techniques contributed much to lowering maternal mortality rates. The maternal mortality rate in The Netherlands in 1983-1988 was 8.8/100,000 livebirths. In 57% substandard care factors could be identified. This ...
Cubas A C - - 1991
Calving performance records from the American Angus Herd Improvement Registry files were used to estimate variance components for calving ease and survival to 24 h. Genetic parameters for direct and maternal effects were estimated by using a sire-maternal grandsire model. Data included two independent samples of 19 and 34 herds ...
Hard R C RC - - 1991
Spontaneous chimerism is rare, but it has been observed in infants who have received intrauterine transfusions, or in those infants who have severe combined immunodeficiency disease. The site of maternal cell engraftment has not been identified in these cases, but it is apparently not the bone marrow. Lymph nodes have ...
Algwiser A - - 1991
An analysis of 11 maternal deaths during a period of 11 years, from December 1, 1978 to December 31, 1989, is presented. During this period there was a total of 42,265 maternities with a maternal mortality rate of 26 per 100,000 maternities. Three maternal deaths were attributed to "direct" obstetric ...
Swain W R - - 1991
Three sets of studies of the impacts of human exposure to PCB contaminated fish from the Great Lakes basin--the Michigan Sports Fisherman Cohort, the Michigan Maternal/Infant Cohort, and the Wisconsin Maternal/Infant Cohort-were evaluated using the epidemiologic criteria of Susser (1986). The studies were compared against each other, and against comparable ...
Zahr L K - - 1991
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between maternal confidence in mothers of premature infants, maternal behaviors and skills, and infant temperament. The relationship between certain prenatal and background variables and maternal confidence also was assessed. The sample consisted of 49 mother--infant pairs from low socioeconomic backgrounds ...
- - 1991
Despite dramatic declines in maternal mortality in North Carolina since the late 1940s, public health officials have continued to characterize the magnitude of and risk factors for maternal death in that state (1,2). In 1989 and 1990, the State Center for Health and Environmental Statistics enhanced its surveillance for maternal ...
Bilardo C M - - 1991
In 21 severely growth-retarded, hypoxemic fetuses at 22-30 weeks' gestation, the effect of long-term maternal hyperoxygenation on serial Doppler measurements of the fetal descending thoracic aorta mean velocity (Vm), common carotid artery pulsatility index (PI) and umbilical artery PI was investigated. The treatment was continued on average for 4 weeks ...
Jacobson S W - - 1991
The present study used an experimental format to evaluate the influence of maternal social support on the development of attachment. 46 WIC primigravidas were randomly assigned to an experimental or control condition. Volunteer coaches, trained to provide maternal support and information, met with experimentals prenatally and during the first postpartum ...
Keeling J W - - 1991
Details of 62 maternal deaths occurring in 1986/1987 were compared with a control population. The incidence was 11.5 per 10,000 livebirths. The major cause of maternal mortality was hypertension followed by hemorrhage and infection. There were trends with advanced maternal age and high parity. The risk of maternal death varied ...
Sanderson M - - 1991
The 1988 National Maternal and Infant Health Survey was conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics to study factors related to poor pregnancy outcome, such as adequacy of prenatal care; inadequate and excessive weight gain during pregnancy; maternal smoking, drinking, and drug use; and pregnancy and delivery complications. The ...
Rumbolz W L - - 1991
The article briefly presents the background and findings of Maternal Mortality reviews in Nebraska. Twenty-five years of these reviews, 1963 through 1987, are summarized in two tables. The maternal mortality rates and a list of the leading causes of maternal deaths are presented. Brief summaries of the fourteen maternal deaths ...
Odum C U - - 1991
A retrospective study of the primary causes of maternal deaths in the eclamptics treated in the Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH) over a 20-year period, from 1st January 1967 through 31st December 1986, was carried out. During this period, a total of 845 cases of eclampsia were treated and 91 ...
Ogunniyi S O - - 1991
Cases of maternal deaths at Wesley Guild Hospital, Ilesa, Nigeria, from January 1977 to June 1988 were reviewed. The maternal mortality rate of 2.85 per 1000 births recorded is an improvement over earlier figures due at least in part to improved obstetric care services. Illegally induced abortion was the most ...
Pao M - - 1991
This report illustrates the importance of serologic techniques for defining the etiology of neonatal thrombocytopenia. In Case 1 the maternal count was low normal to normal during the first postpartum week. Several weeks later the appearance of persistent maternal thrombocytopenia led to the demonstration of anti-GP IIb-IIIa in stored and ...
Ayhan A - - 1990
Maternal mortality was found to be 140 deaths per 100,000 live births in Hacettepe University Hospital. Infection, hemorrhage and cardiac disease were still the leading causes of maternal deaths. It is possible to reduce the maternal mortality due to these largely preventable causes if standards of care and treatment are ...
Burrows R F - - 1990
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and pregnancy are commonly associated. In this article we describe our experience in the management of 61 infants born to 50 mothers with confirmed idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. The focus was the neonatal cord platelet count, the parameter of greatest interest to obstetricians. None of the 61 infants ...
Ashworth M F - - 1990
There were 39 maternal deaths at Harare Hospital during 1987, giving a maternal mortality rate of 122/100,000 live births. If women who lived outside the Harare Municipality were excluded, the maternal mortality rate for the Greater Harare Maternity Unit was 53/100,000 live births. The cases were reviewed at monthly meetings ...
Sibai B M - - 1990
During a 12-year period, 254 cases of eclampsia were managed at this center. Eighty patients (32%) did not have edema, 58 (23%) had "relative hypertension," and 49 (19%) did not have proteinuria at the time of convulsions. Eclampsia developed at less than or equal to 20 weeks in 6 patients ...
Das B - - 1990
Maternal mortality in Chittaranjan Seva Sadan, Calcutta, in 1983, 1985 and 1986 was 2.45, 3.01 and 2.8 per thousand respectively. Abortion contributed a little in 1983 and 1985, whereas it was 15.7% in 1986. Haemorrhage was the commonest single cause of death in 1983 (28%) and 1985 (21.4%) as opposed ...
Adetoro O O - - 1990
This study analyzed 89 cases of maternal death following infections. The overall maternal mortality rate in infection was 5.9%. The maternal death rate is significantly related to parity but higher age group mothers survived better. Septicaemic shock and cardiopulmonary arrest were the major terminal causes of maternal death. The risk ...
Geelen S P - - 1990
We studied the major determinants of opsonophagocytosis against Streptococcus pneumoniae serotypes 14 and 19 in paired cord/maternal sera from 27 healthy term and 24 preterm infants in an attempt to gain more insight in the susceptibility of newborns to pneumococcal infection. For both pneumococcal serotypes studied, opsonic activity in neonatal ...
Shrotri A - - 1990
Johnson H L - - 1990
The relationship among maternal and observer ratings of infant temperament, observer ratings of maternal responsiveness, and maternal drug abuse habits, was studied in a population facing multiple risk factors. Intensity of maternal drug abuse was found to be negatively related to maternal ratings of infant temperament, and ratings of temperament ...
Ruminjo J K - - 1990
A study on institutional maternal mortality in Thika subdistrict is presented for the period January 1981 through September 1988. There were 86,248 live births in the various government and private institutions in the sub-district and 164 maternal deaths, giving a maternal mortality rate of 190/100,000. The various associated socio-demographic factors ...
Cason C L - - 1990
The Maternal-Infant Clinical Nurse Specialist Performance Evaluation Tool was used to evaluate the clinical performance of two classes of graduate students (n = 7, n = 4) enrolled in maternal-infant clinical practicums. When used by raters very familiar with the tool, i.e., those participating in its development, it yielded valid ...
Laguardia K D - - 1990
A 10-year review of maternal mortality was conducted at the Municipal Hospital Miguel Couto in Rio de Janeiro. Thirty-two deaths occurred between January 1978 and December 1987. In the same period there were 18,071 live births, giving an overall maternal mortality ratio of 177 per 100,000 live births. Maternal mortality ...
Kemp V H - - 1990
The purpose of the study was to investigate relationships among maternal age, maternal prenatal attachment, perception of birth experience, and maternal role attainment. The sample consisted of Black and Caucasian low-income women. Twenty adolescents, 16 years and younger, and 32 adult pregnant women, 21 years and older, completed Cranley's (1981) ...
Doh A S - - 1989
The University Teaching Hospital, Yaounde, Cameroon became operational in 1982. This retrospective study analyses the performance of the maternity unit during the first 5 years. Data was obtained from casenotes, annual reports, delivery and operation registers. The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is one of the lowest in Africa. The perinatal ...
Vengadasalam D - - 1989
Maternal mortality rate is a sensitive index of the prevailing health conditions and general socio-economic development of the country. The present study was undertaken to see the trends in maternal mortality at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Alexandra Hospital during a 11-year period from January 1978 until December 1988. ...
Walker L O - - 1989
A model of stress process among mothers of infants was retested. In that model, stressors (work status or infant difficultness) influence maternal identity through perception of stress. Also, maternal identity may be buffered from stressor effects by health-promotive lifestyle. This model previously received partial support in a one-panel mail survey. ...
Best J M - - 1989
Five cases of asymptomatic maternal reinfection with rubella are described that occurred in England and Wales during 1985-8 and resulted in intrauterine infection. The criteria for diagnosing reinfection are described. In four cases the rubella contact was with the woman's own children. Two women had therapeutic abortions, rubella virus being ...
Boerma J T - - 1989
This paper presents the results of experience in identifying maternal deaths through "networking." In a survey of child health in coastal Kenya, women of reproductive ages were asked about their knowledge of maternal deaths in the villages. Thirty-five maternal deaths were ultimately identified in the study area, which led to ...
Cooreman B F BF Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of the Orange Free State, - - 1989
From 1 January 1980 to 31 December 1985, 81 maternal deaths occurred at Pelonomi Hospital, Bloemfontein; these were classified as direct obstetric-related (74 cases), indirect obstetric-related (6) and non-obstetric (1). The overall maternal mortality rate was 2.87 per 1000 deliveries, including deaths related to abortion and ectopic pregnancy, but excluding ...
Gilstrap L C LC - - 1989
In summary, acute intra-amniotic infection or chorioamnionitis is a relatively common complication of pregnancy and may be associated with significant maternal and neonatal morbidity. Maternal mortality is rare, as is mortality in term infants. Mortality in premature infants is probably related to prematurity itself rather than infection per se. Diagnosis ...
Fowler D W - - 1989
Transplacental transfer and biotransformation of valproic acid (VPA) and its acyl glucuronide conjugate (VPA-G) were investigated in the isolated perfused term human placenta. In peripheral lobules perfused under dual (maternal and fetal) recirculation for 6 hr, VPA was readily transferred, reaching equilibrium (stable maternal and fetal VPA concentrations with no ...
Brown M S - - 1989
This study used meta-analysis methodology to examine a series of studies in maternal-infant attachment. The results of this quantitative analysis were compared with those of a classic qualitative analysis of the same subject. The advantages and disadvantages of both quantitative and qualitative approaches to literature reviews are discussed and compared ...
Arnone B - - 1989
Amniotic fluid embolism is a rare, yet catastrophic event. In the United States it occurs in 1 per 20,000 to 30,000 births. With an 86% maternal mortality rate, amniotic fluid embolism is responsible for 10-15% of all maternal deaths. This article presents a case study of a CNM's experience with ...
Delaney-Black V - - 1989
Postnatal transfer of high-risk infants to a neonatal intensive care unit has been an accepted medical practice for more than two decades. More recently, antepartum maternal referral for the smallest infants has been recommended to reduce infant mortality, morbidity, and long-term handicaps. The limited data available to compare in utero ...
Leonard M B - - 1989
We calculated the fetal-to-maternal carboxyhaemoglobin concentration ratio in 19 mother-infant pairs at the time of term delivery. Mothers, who had a less than 10% drop in their carboxyhaemoglobin concentration during labour, had an average ratio of 1.40 +/- 0.19. For mothers whose carboxyhaemoglobin concentrations dropped by 10% or more during ...
Wildschut H I - - 1989
In Curaçao a systematic and comprehensive investigation of numerous factors, potentially associated with an increased risk of foetal and neonatal mortality, was carried out in a 2-year period (1984-85). The inquiry was restricted to singleton births. Data on 205 women who experienced pregnancy loss were compared with those on 913 ...
Golding J - - 1989
Socioeconomic factors relating to all maternal deaths identified during the 12 months of the Jamaican Perinatal Morbidity and Mortality Survey were compared with a control population of over 10,000 women. The maternal mortality rate was 11.5 per 10,000 livebirths. Initial analyses revealed (a) that the risk of maternal death declined ...
Anderson J F - - 1989
Histologic detection of micrometastatic melanoma in the placenta led to the clinical diagnosis in the mother. Metastases were present in the intervillous space and in villous stroma. The infant has survived and has no evidence of disease at one year of age. The mother died of metastatic disease 6 months ...
Stanton M E - - 1988
In three experiments we examined the effect of maternal deprivation on the pituitary-adrenal response of 12-, 16- and 20-day-old rat pups to novelty stress. Infant rats were either deprived individually in heated incubators or left in the home nest with their mother and then tested for their corticosteroid response to ...
Llongueras S de S Sde - - 1988
Maternal mortality in the ten regions of Greece during the period 1973-82 is examined. In Greece as a whole, maternal mortality declined from 27.2 per 100,000 livebirths in 1973, to 12.0 in 1982. During these ten years, the age standardized maternal mortality ratios (SMRs) of two regions was significantly raised, ...
Arriaza B - - 1988
A study of female mummies representing seven pre-Columbian Andean populations of Arica, Chile, dating from 1300 B.C. (Azapa phase) to A.D. 1400 (Gentilar phase), disclosed that 18 (14% of the total) had died from childbirth-complicated death (CCD). The majority of these individuals appear to have died during puerperium, three of ...
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