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Results 351 - 400 of 563
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Al-Meshari A - - 1995
A three year maternal mortality survey in Saudi Arabia has identified the various epidemiologic risk factors for maternal deaths. Unbooked, uneducated and economically underprivileged females were at increased risk of maternal death, especially >para 7 females, who were found to be at increased risk of maternal death, particularly deaths due ...
Sluyter F - - 1995
Previous findings have shown a difference in attack latencies, i.e., aggression, between reciprocal F1's of a line selected for short attack latency (SAL) and a line selected for long attack latency (LAL). In the present study, we investigated the influence of postnatal maternal environment on attack latency scores (ALSs). The ...
Tamaki K - - 1995
Minisatellite variant repeat (MVR) mapping using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) at D1S8 (MS32) was applied to a practical forensic case of an infant and placenta found in an incinerator. They were thought to be left for a few days postmortem, and the infant was severely burnt when found. DNA ...
Malpas T J - - 1995
The aim of this study was to assess the influence of maternal methadone dosage on the severity of neonatal withdrawal. The charts of 67 drug-abusing mothers and their 70 infants were examined to determine documented patterns of drug usage and the severity of neonatal withdrawal. Of these, 40 women were ...
Unger T F - - 1995
Infant footprinting and photographs are the principal means used by most neonatal care facilities for determining infant identity in instances in which identity may be questioned or unknown. These methods have been shown to be an ineffective and unreliable means of establishing identity, particularly for infants and neonates. We examined ...
Margolis L H - - 1995
Since state Maternal and Child Health Services Block Grant applications represent the most comprehensive source of information about community and state needs assessment, policy development, and program assurance for the population of mothers and children, these documents have the potential to play a central role in state accountability to Congress ...
Bouvier-Colle M H - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: Confidential enquiries were carried out to attempt to understand why the level of maternal mortality has been high in France. STUDY DESIGN: A descriptive retrospective survey has been carried out. Five administrative regions participated in the survey. All maternal deaths--according to the WHO definition--that occurred in these regions over ...
Abbas A A - - 1995
The present study followed a multidimensional approach to determine maternal mortality ratio in Mafraq district in Jordan. It included active case (maternal deaths) surveillance combined with Civil Registry and hospital records review. Mafraq, by virtue of its geographic and demographic characteristics, is supposed to have a very high toll of ...
Levy H L - - 1994
Maternal phenylketonuria (PKU) has adverse effects on the offspring including microcephaly, mental retardation, congenital heart disease, and intrauterine growth retardation. Maternal non-PKU mild hyperphenylalaninaemia (MHP) is believed to be benign, but whether there may be long-term consequences to offspring is unclear. In an international survey we have obtained information about ...
Raine A - - 1994
BACKGROUND: This study tests the bisocial interaction hypothesis that birth complications when combined with early maternal rejection of the infant predispose to adult violent crime. METHODS: This hypothesis was tested using a cohort of 4269 consecutive live male births on whom measures of birth complications (age 0), early maternal rejection ...
Douglas K A - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: To measure the incidence of eclampsia, establish how often it is preceded by signs of pre-eclampsia, document the morbidity associated with eclampsia, and determine the maternal case fatality rates. DESIGN: A prospective, descriptive study of every case of eclampsia in the United Kingdom in 1992. Information was collected from ...
Hernández B - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To measure maternal mortality levels in rural areas of Mexico. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, a census of 13,378 households was carried out in the municipalities of Yecapixtla and Tlaltizapan, Morelos, Mexico. Information on 10,443 subjects from 12 to 49 years old was included in the analysis. An indirect ...
O'Brien J - - 1994
AIMS: To estimate the maternal mortality rate in the Solomon Islands, and to assist health planning and implementation of effective interventions. METHOD: The sisterhood method, an indirect technique for deriving population-based estimates of maternal mortality was used in interviews with 2580 randomly chosen women reporting on the fertility and mortality ...
Golub M S - - 1994
Assessment of the potential developmental toxicity of arsenic in humans must be based entirely on the extensive animal literature; no appropriate human data are available. Hazard identification of developmental toxicity of arsenic in animal studies is complicated by the co-occurrence of maternal and developmental toxicity when the pregnant dam is ...
Meyer R E - - 1994
A study of trends in maternal mortality from 1963 to 1992 in North Carolina shows that during the period 1973-1977, when legal abortion first became available, the maternal mortality ratio (maternal deaths per 100,000 live births) for deaths related to induced abortion was almost 85% lower than the ratio during ...
Mandsager N T - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether maternal floor infarction can be diagnosed prenatally. METHODS: We reviewed the charts of 13 patients with maternal floor infarction confirmed histopathologically to determine the frequency of increased placental echogenicity, fetal growth restriction (FGR), and oligohydramnios. Subsequently, we applied these criteria prospectively to diagnose maternal floor infarction ...
Ayhan A - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To highlight recent trends in maternal mortality in Hacettepe University Hospital. METHOD: A retrospective clinical analysis of 117 maternal deaths between 1968 and 1992. RESULTS: The overall maternal mortality ratio was 180/100,000 (108/59,993). In terms of 5-year periods, the maternal mortality ratio declined from 417.7 in 1968-72 to 73.7 ...
Keith J C JC - - 1994
The effects of ridogrel (a thromboxane synthetase inhibitor/endoperoxide receptor antagonist) were assessed in an ovine model of pregnancy-induced hypertension. Maternal serum prostacyclin and thromboxane levels were quanitiated using RIA, and maternal and neonatal coagulation status was assessed. Pregnancy and neonatal outcome were recorded. Ridogrel, (E)-5-[[[3-pyridinyl)[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]methylen]amin++ +] oxy]pentanoic acid, was administered ...
- - 1994
Public attention is being focused on safe motherhood in Pakistan as a result of community meetings about the causes of maternal death. The Mother and Child Welfare Association of Faisalabad holds the meetings -- called "maternal death meetings" -- to stress the community's role in preventing maternal death. Since January ...
Zucker K J - - 1994
A mother's (prenatal) wish for a girl has, at times, been implicated as an etiological factor for boyhood femininity or its DSM-III-R diagnostic equivalent, the Gender Identity Disorder of Childhood. In one sample of 52 feminine and 52 nonclinical control boys from Los Angeles, the proportion of mothers who recalled ...
Mercer R T - - 1994
One hundred twenty-one high-risk women (HRW) and 182 low-risk women (LRW) were studied at postpartal hospitalization and at 1, 4, and 8 months after giving birth to determine whether they would differ in the achievement of perceived maternal competence and whether predictors of maternal competence would differ for the two ...
Erkkola R - - 1994
All cases of maternal death in the years 1970-89 in Finland were reviewed, and the clinical background was analyzed. There was a 47% decrease in the mortality when the two decades were compared. In the 1980's the maternal mortality was 4.74 per 100,000 births, which is comparable to figures from ...
Müller M E - - 1994
The Maternal Attachment Inventory (MAI) was developed and tested to provide a practical measure of maternal affectionate attachment. MAI items were identified from the literature, and their construct validity was assessed by experts who numerically rated them for relevance. The MAI, two other indicators of maternal attachment, and a measure ...
Beauchamp G K - - 1994
The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) imparts to each mouse an individual urinary odor, called "odortype", which reflects its MHC genotype. Perception of odortypes affects mate selection and embryonic implantation. Recent findings that odortypes are expressed as early as one day of age suggested that they might already be expressed in ...
Zabielski M T - - 1994
The purpose of this exploratory and descriptive study was to investigate the maternal role attainment process of the preterm mother by comparing the endpoint of the process--maternal identity--in preterm and fullterm mothers. Forty-two first-time mothers, 21 preterm mothers and 21 fullterm mothers, were interviewed once at approximately one year post-birth. ...
Dargent-Molina P - - 1994
Maternal education is one of the strongest determinants of infant survival in developing countries, however, questions remain regarding the extent to which its effects vary as a function of contextual variables. In this study, a multi-level interactive model is used to assess whether the protective effect of maternal education on ...
Kurz K M - - 1993
To investigate the extent to which better maternal nutrition leads to reduction in length of postpartum amenorrhea, multivariate-logistic and linear-regression analyses were applied to data on 339 mother-infant pairs from the longitudinal Guatemalan Four Village Study, 1969-1977. Maternal triceps skinfold thickness was negatively associated with length of amenorrhea when infant ...
Rossavik I K - - 1993
It has been claimed that sonographic techniques offer no advantages over palpation of the maternal abdomen for detection of macrosomatia. We studied a group of 498 pregnant patients, 36 (7.2%) of whom gave birth to infants having macrosomatia. A sensitivity of 67%, specificity of 97%, and positive predictive value of ...
Shiferaw T - - 1993
In this study, the "sisterhood method", a new indirect technique, utilizing a cross-sectional survey by retrospective recall for deriving population-based estimates of maternal mortality for rural communities, was used in rural Illubabor region, Southwestern Ethiopia, in December 1991. The findings indicate a lifetime risk of maternal mortality of 0.0426, or ...
Aickin D R - - 1993
New Zealand's maternal mortality rate in the triennium 1986-8 was reviewed in comparison with the rates from Australia and the United Kingdom during 1985-7. The New Zealand rate of 9.6 obstetric deaths/100,000 total births was higher than that for the United Kingdom (6.2) and Australia (4.4). Six of 16 deaths ...
Martey J O - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: This hospital-based review of maternal mortality due to hemorrhage in Kumasi, Ghana was undertaken to determine the factors related to and influencing cases of fatal maternal hemorrhage. METHOD: The review was based on inpatient case notes, labor ward delivery notes, and operative records at the Maternity Block of the ...
Kwast B E - - 1993
In 1987 an international project, the Safe Motherhood Initiative, was commenced with the aim of reducing, by half by the Year 2000, the 500,000 maternal deaths which occur each year throughout the world. In this paper the progress of the Initiative is described and reviewed. The crucial role of the ...
Paul B K - - 1993
African women of reproductive age have the highest death risk from maternal causes of any women in the world. The lifetime chance of maternal death is 1 in 21 in Africa as compared to 1 in 54 in Asia, which ranks second. Using published data, this paper examines the level ...
Bender D E - - 1993
Many surveys ask women to rate their literacy level, but the validity of these self-reports is not usually evaluated. In this study of infant health, conducted in Cochabamba, Bolivia, maternal literacy was assessed by the mother herself and by the interviewer, based on the mother's reading a short text aloud. ...
Fields S J - - 1993
Neonatal size is an important factor in determining the survivorship of infants within the first month of life. Because maternal size has an influence on neonatal size, selection should operate on those characters correlated with birth weight and gestational age, including maternal prepregnancy weight, height, and age. In the present ...
Mbizvo M T - - 1993
A community-based incidence case-referent study was undertaken in a rural and an urban setting in Zimbabwe in order to define risk factors associated with maternal deaths at family, community, primary and referral health care levels. Referent subjects were drawn from place or area of delivery for each consecutive maternal death. ...
Müller M E - - 1993
The purpose of this study was to assess the validity of the Maternal Fetal Attachment Scale (MFAS) subscales using factor analysis. The 23-item MFAS is composed of five subscales that have been used to represent the theorized dimensions of prenatal attachment. Two samples of MFAS scores were submitted to principal ...
Sarvas H - - 1993
The residence time of maternal IgG1 in the circulation of infants was measured by monitoring f-allotypic IgG1 or f-positive tetanus toxoid antibody in genetically G1mf-negative infants. G1ma-positive maternal tetanus toxoid antibody was similarly monitored in genetically a-negative infants. Blood samples were taken from infants at the age of 1-3 days, ...
Tanaka M - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between maternal serum hCG levels and small for gestational age (SGA) infants. METHODS: Maternal serum hCG levels were measured in 638 consecutive pregnant women in whom gestation was dated by crown-rump length and who later delivered a singleton infant. Fetal growth was compared between the ...
Moore J L JL - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the maternal mortality in the state of Mississippi for 1987-1991 and compare the maternal mortality from 1977-1986 with that of the last 5 years. STUDY DESIGN: Factors associated with maternal mortality were obtained from death certificates, replies to questionnaires, medical records, and autopsy reports. RESULTS: The maternal ...
Leiberman J R - - 1993
Between 1969 and 1991 there were 166,410 births in Southern Israel with 13 maternal deaths (7.8/100,000). In the Jewish population there were 119,130 deliveries with 7 maternal deaths (5.9/100,000), and the Bedouins had 47,280 deliveries with 6 maternal deaths (12.7/100,000). Prenatal care was an important preventive factor. 7 maternal deaths ...
Messiha F S - - 1993
1. Breast fed maternally-mediated developmental LiCl toxicity was determined in mice offspring as a function of offspring's gender and duration of maternal intake of LiCl (1 mEq). 2. The female offspring were more sensitive than the males to major organ weight changes by maternal exposure to LiCl. 3. Maternal intake ...
Laurenti R - - 1993
This article describes maternal mortality trends in São Paulo, Brazil, from 1960 through 1990. In so doing, it compares mortality rates derived from death certificate data with rates suggested by three independent surveys conducted in the city of São Paulo in 1962-1963, 1974-1975, and 1986. In general, these data indicate ...
Bajoria R - - 1992
A system of dual perfusion of an isolated lobule of term human placenta was used as a model to study the transfer of heparin from maternal to foetal circulation. The metabolic viability of the system was assessed by measuring beta-HCG and alkaline phosphatase levels in both maternal and foetal perfusates. ...
Abdullah S A - - 1992
Twenty-nine maternal deaths were identified among 8656 pregnant women residing in Assiut city and three surrounding villages (Upper Egypt). This gives a maternal mortality ratio of 368 per 100,000 live births. Of these maternal deaths 83% were due to direct obstetric causes (hemorrhage, eclampsia, ruptured uterus and sepsis). Logistic regression ...
- - 1992
Infant kidnapping from hospitals remains a low incidence, high visibility crime, and 1992, so far, seems to bear this out. By the end of August, only two such kidnappings have been reported compared to 11 for all of 1991, and some ascribe this to the considerable expense and effort many ...
Barton J R - - 1992
Severe dysfunction of the pulmonary, renal, hepatic, and central nervous systems as a consequence of preeclampsia--eclampsia warrant aggressive multidisciplinary management and treatment. Preventive therapy, when possible or early recognition and therapy are clearly associated with improved maternal and neonatal outcome. Should cardiopulmonary arrest occur as a function of the disease ...
Casey R - - 1992
Physicians commonly rely on maternal recall of events during pregnancy, delivery, and the perinatal period. Investigators who are doing research in the reproductive and perinatal areas also rely on maternal recall. However, there is little information regarding its accuracy. This study evaluates the accuracy of maternal knowledge of events during ...
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