Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 565
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Ngom P - - 1999
This report presents key findings from a maternal mortality study conducted in the Kassena-Nankana District of northern Ghana in 1997-98. Sibling history data collected in the course of this survey are analyzed together with longitudinal data from the Navrongo Demographic Surveillance System (NDSS). A comparison between mortality data from these ...
Sullivan M C - - 1999
Control, as an aspect of maternal interaction, has been found to be an important component to optimal child development. Maternal control style is defined as a mother's tendency to be controlling or supportive of her child's autonomy. The relationship between two types of maternal characteristics, proximal and distal, and maternal ...
Corsi P R - - 1999
Twenty-seven traumatised pregnant women were analysed retrospectively over a period of 9 years. Mean age was 23.7 years (16-42 years). Gestational age ranged from 10 to 40 weeks (mean, 21.5 weeks), with most victims (46.1%) being in the second trimester. The predominant mechanism (65.3%) was blunt abdominal injury due to ...
Schaider J - - 1999
BACKGROUND: As a result of war and periodic natural disasters, Angola has among the highest infant and maternal mortality rates in the world. In response to the acute health needs of the population, the International Medical Corps (IMC) developed a traditional birth attendant educational course designed to reduce the preventable ...
Verspyck E - - 1999
Most of disproportionate infants born small for gestational age (SGA) have an history of placental dysfunction with no explained cause. We report a case of an unexplained SGA infant with placental infarctions and thrombosis. Maternal thrombophilic disorder tests revealed that the patient was heterozygous for the A20210 prothrombin gene variant ...
Rastogi S - - 1999
The objective of this paper was to determine the incidence of leukemoid reaction and to evaluate its relationship with maternal and neonatal factors in extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants. The design a case-controlled retrospective study of all live-born ELBW infants (<1000 g) over a period of 2 years, from July 1994 ...
Feldman R - - 1999
This study examined relations between mother-infant affect synchrony and the emergence of children's self-control. Mother-infant face-to-face play and infant difficult temperament were examined at 3 and 9 months. Maternal and infant affective states at play were coded in 0.25-s frames, and synchrony was computed with cross-correlation functions. Self-control, verbal IQ, ...
Milunsky J M - - 1999
The efficacy of direct prenatal diagnosis for spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is demonstrated, and the potential pitfalls with this type of analysis are highlighted in the largest prospective single-center prenatal series in the United States. The presence or absence of exons 7 and 8 of the SMN gene was determined ...
Etard J F - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Few prospective studies have been undertaken of maternal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. National statistics are inadequate, and data from hospitals are often the only source of information available. Reported maternal mortality ratios may therefore show large variations within the same country, as in Mali. This study was designed to ...
Pfarrer C - - 1999
The development of the mink endotheliochorial placenta has been studied by means of light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy of maternal vascular corrosion casts. The placental blood vessels of three groups of mink, representing early, intermediate and near-term gestational ages were either perfusion fixed for histology, or instilled with liquid ...
Sancewicz-Pach K - - 1999
The aim of the paper is to present a case of self-poisoning with paracetamol, overdosed just before a delivery. A 21-year-old woman was admitted to Obstetric and Gynecology Ward of local hospital in the second stage of physiological delivery, more than 6 hours after she had ingested 19 g of ...
Jasen P - - 1999
This article examines the interactions between homeopathy and maternal values in the nineteenth century through a case study of Montreal's homeopathic community and the Montreal Homeopathic Hospital, which opened in 1894. Through an analysis of women's diverse roles within the institution, it demonstrates the variety of ways in which maternalism ...
Andersson R - - 1998
The low male/female ratio at birth in African populations has been attributed to a variety of genetic, behavioral, and environmental factors. A low sex ratio at birth has been associated with maternal malnutrition in mammals, but this issue has not been studied in humans. In this study we analyzed the ...
Kaupova N - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine trends in the rate and causes of maternal mortality in Kazakhstan. METHODS: Maternal deaths occurring between 1960 and 1996 in the 19 oblast (administrative regions) of Kazakhstan were documented and analyzed. RESULTS: After an initial phase of decrease in the period ...
- - 1998
Maternal and infant mortality are basic health indicators that reflect a nation's health status. In the United States, infant mortality has declined steadily; however, this is not true for maternal mortality. This report presents data from death certificates compiled by CDC's National Center for Health Statistics, which indicate that in ...
Stichler J F - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the clinical and financial impact of self-reported maternal drug history and documented intrauterine substance exposure on maternal-neonatal morbidity and hospital costs. STUDY DESIGN: This two-part, case-controlled, retrospective study used matching control groups. RESULTS: Among women reporting a history of substance abuse during or prior to the ...
Mantel G D - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To test the application of a clinical definition of severe acute maternal morbidity. DESIGN: A one-year prospective descriptive multi-centre study. SETTING: Kalafong and Pretoria Academic hospitals, catering for the delivery of indigent women in the Pretoria Health Region. METHODS: A 'near-miss' describes a patient with an acute organ system ...
Ronsmans C - - 1998
No previously published study has provided evidence to support the frequently made assertion that closely spaced births increase the risk of maternal death. This study reviews the literature for evidence supporting an association between short birth intervals and maternal mortality and presents empirical evidence to address the question of whether ...
Huang M T - - 1998
A premature infant who contracted candida pneumonia and candidemia early in the postnatal period was reported. Fungal hyphae was found in the pus-like gastric aspirate soon after birth, giving the first clue to the diagnosis and prompting an early institution of antifungal therapy. Maternal candidemia was documented in the immediate ...
James W H - - 1998
The strongly male-biased sex ratios of probands with polydactyly and of their unaffected sibs suggests that abnormal maternal hormone levels may be involved in this malformation. This suspicion is supported by data relating polydactyly to maternal age and race. High maternal testosterone seems capable of explaining the (admittedly limited) epidemiological ...
Spencer H G - - 1998
We present nine diallelic models of genetic conflict in which one allele is imprintable and the other is not to examine how genomic imprinting may have evolved. Imprinting is presumed to be either maternal (i.e., the maternally derived gene is inactivated) or paternal. Females are assumed to be either completely ...
Jacob S - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine trends in maternal deaths in Utah, identify opportunities for preventive intervention, and analyze the mechanism of reporting maternal deaths. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of maternal death certificates and medical records in Utah from January 1, 1982, through December 31, 1994. RESULTS: Sixty-two maternal deaths were ...
Reyes Frausto S - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The objectives were to establish regions by level of maternal mortality in order to evaluate its trend from 1937-1995 and to analyze characteristics of cases which occurred from 1990-1995. METHODS: Regionalization of the country by maternal mortality level was carried out using Poisson regression. Level and mortality trends were ...
Holladay S - - 1998
This study explores how granddaughters account for the development of their relationships with their maternal grandmothers. The retrospective interviewing technique was used to elicit turning points in their relational histories. Analysis of the turning point content revealed several different types of turning points that reflected both normative and idiosyncratic events. ...
Donnelly C A - - 1997
We investigate whether a calf born to a dam that develops bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) (prior or subsequent to the birth) is itself at an enhanced risk of developing BSE. Analyses utilize the main database on reported BSE cases in the British cattle herd maintained by the Central Veterinary Laboratory ...
McCarthy J - - 1997
Understanding the determinants of maternal mortality is a complex task, in part because maternal deaths are influenced by many different categories of events or conditions. Biology, economics, culture, demography and the distribution and effectiveness of health services all contribute. Conceptual frameworks have made important contributions to our understanding of the ...
Patel A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the plural birth rate, maternal risk factors and neonatal outcomes among Asian American populations residing in Illinois are homogeneous or heterogeneous with regard to maternal risk factors and neonatal outcomes and to attempt to establish correlations between maternal risk factors and neonatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: A ...
Miller L - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: This study examines maternal religiosity as a protective factor against depression in offspring. METHOD: Sixty mothers and 151 offspring were independently assessed over the course of a 10-year follow-up. Maternal and offspring religiosity were assessed on the basis of self-report of the importance of religion, the frequency of attendance ...
Raine A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The authors previously reported that birth complications interact with early maternal rejection in predisposing individuals to violence at age 18 years. This study extended the follow-up period for violent offending from 18 years to 34 years, thus increasing the sample of violent offenders threefold and allowing more detailed analyses ...
Vork F C - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To assess maternal mortality. DESIGN: Sisterhood method survey and hospital data. SETTING: Communities in Kalabo District, a very remote rural area in western Zambia; Kalabo District Hospital. RESULTS: The number of respondents in the sisterhood method survey was 1,978. The estimated maternal mortality ratio derived from this survey was ...
Catanzarite V A - - 1997
Adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is rarely encountered in association with pregnancy, but with the decline in other causes of maternal death, is an increasingly important cause of mortality in obstetric patients. ARDS may result from a variety of different types of pulmonary injury; uniquely obstetric causes include preeclampsia, amnionitis-endometritis, ...
Le Bacq F - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality ratios in Kasama and Kaputa Districts, two remote rural areas of Northern Province, Zambia, were suspected to be very high. In order to evaluate the impact of a referral system baseline maternal mortality levels and additional maternal mortality risk arising from poor accessibility were estimated. METHODS: The ...
Goldenberg R L - - 1997
BACKGROUND: We wanted to determine the relationship between a number of maternal characteristics and various fetal and neonatal anthropometric measurements determined by ultrasound and at birth. METHODS: A total of 1205 term singleton maternal-infant pairs were studied. Various ultrasound measurements obtained at 18, 24, 30 and 36 weeks' gestation and ...
Gibson P J - - 1997
The objective was to determine maternal anxiety and attitudes associated with a programme of neonatal screening and investigation for occult spinal dysraphism. Questionnaires were completed after diagnostic investigation (time 1) and 6 months later (time 2) by 83 mothers of babies with possible markers of occult spinal dysraphism who were ...
Mwinyoglee J J Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Medical University of Southern - - 1996
To study the epidemiology of eclampsia and the maternal and fetal outcome of the disease. Observational study. Ga-Rankuwa Hospital, a tertiary institution. Patients admitted with the diagnosis of eclampsia from 1 January 1994 to 31 December 1995. Age, parity, booking status, fits, blood pressure, gestational age, mode of delivery, fetal ...
Alberts J R - - 1996
To assess prenatal and postnatal developmental status in the offspring of a group of animals, it is typical to examine fetuses from some of the dams as well as infants born to the remaining dams. Statistical limitations often arise, particularly when the animals are rare or especially precious, because all ...
Stiehm E R - - 1996
Factors affecting maternal-infant transmission (MIT) can be conveniently divided into 5 categories: (1) maternal factors (e.g. maternal immunologic status, anti-retroviral treatment), (2) virologic factors (e.g. viral load, strain, tissue tropism and resistance), (3) obstetric factors (e.g. traumatic delivery, chorioamnionitis, C-section), (4) fetal factors (e.g. prematurity, coinfection, twinning) and (5) infant ...
Salanave B - - 1996
In the UK, the decline in maternal mortality rates has stopped. In France, where they are higher than in most European countries, maternal mortality rates have been increasing since 1990. Based on the population projections published by Eurostat, maternal mortality predictions have been made for 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010. ...
Papasian C J - - 1996
We describe a case in which Citrobacter koseri (formerly C. diversus) was transmitted from a pregnant mother with chorioamnionitis and bacteremia to her infant who was bacteremic at birth and in apparent septic shock. Two highly discriminating molecular methods, ribotyping and pulsed field gel electrophoresis, were used to examine restriction ...
Mace R - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To measure maternal mortality among the Gabbra, a group of nomadic pastoralists living in a remote area of Kenya. METHOD: As part of a survey of 851 households, information on the number of sisters of respondents who died of pregnancy-related causes was collected and the data were used to ...
Mazor M - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether maternal serum CA 125 determination in women with uterine bleeding has a prognostic value in the detection of women at risk for delivering a small-for-gestational-age neonate. STUDY DESIGN: The patients population consisted of women with uterine bleeding at a gestational ...
Cincotta R - - 1996
A retrospective review of all cases of eclampsia diagnosed at 3 obstetric teaching hospitals in Melbourne from January, 1978 to December, 1992 was undertaken. Ninety cases were identified; there were 5 maternal deaths and 17 perinatal deaths. Severe maternal morbidity such as pulmonary oedema, acute renal failure or HELLP syndrome ...
Fewell R R - - 1996
Videotaped play interactions of 182 low birth weight, premature toddlers and their mothers were used to investigate whether a model including maternal responsiveness together with level of maternal education was a better predictor of play maturity scores of the children than a model consisting of education level alone. The videotapes ...
Graham W J - - 1996
Reducing maternal mortality if one of the primary goals of safe mother hood programmes in developing countries. Maternal mortality is not, however, a feasible outcome indicator with which to judge the success of these programmes. This is due to an unfortunate combination of obstacles to measurement--some general to assessing the ...
Li Q - - 1996
A case-control study of maternal mortality was conducted in selected rural areas of two provinces in China: Henan province, which has a relatively lower socio-economic status and higher maternal mortality rates, and Jiangsu province with higher socio-economic status and lower maternal mortality rates. The major cause of maternal mortality in ...
al-Meshari A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To identify trends and factors related to maternal death, and areas that need improvement. METHODS: A prospective national survey, a multistage sample of the hospitals of Saudi Arabia. The setting was a maternal mortality survey committee in Riyadh with field/area coordinators in different areas of the Kingdom. The subjects ...
AbouZahr C - - 1996
A new approach to measuring maternal mortality indicates that there are some 585,000 maternal deaths, 99% of them in developing countries. This is around 80,000 deaths more than earlier estimates have suggested and indicates a substantial underestimation of maternal mortality in the past. There is a greater disparity in levels ...
Meyer E C - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to identify infant and maternal characteristics that predict psychological distress among mothers of preterm infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Infant characteristics included birth weight, gestational age, and ventilatory support, and maternal characteristics included age, parity, and socioeconomic status. Mothers (n ...
Larimore W L - - 1995
BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study was designed to explore the impact of the availability of maternity care services on the infant mortality rates in nonmetropolitan (rural) counties in Florida. METHODS: We evaluated the sufficiency of physicians providing maternity care in each rural county. We then constructed a mathematical model to compare ...
Tuncer R A - - 1995
BACKGROUND: To determine the leading causes of maternal mortality in a large maternity hospital and to define priorities regarding this subject throughout Turkey. METHODS: Retrospective, institutional study among 100,531 live births between 1983 and 1992. RESULTS: Seventeen maternal deaths took place in this institution. Thus, the overall maternal mortality ratio ...
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