Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 565
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Norris D - - 2004
Estimates of (co)variance and genetic parameters of birth, weaning (205 days) and yearling (365 days) weight were obtained using single-trait animal models. The data were analysed by restricted maximum likelihood, fitting an animal model that included direct and maternal genetic and permanent environmental effects. The data included records collected between ...
Christianson Roberta E - - 2004
PURPOSE: We evaluated whether the association of socioeconomic risk factors for trisomy 21 differed by type of maternal meiotic error. METHODS: We determined meiotic errors by DNA analysis for 150 trisomy 21 cases, and maternal lifetime exposures to low socioeconomic factors by questionnaire. RESULTS: Mothers of meiosis II cases were ...
Filteau S S Centre for International Child Health, Institute of Child Health, London, UK. - - 2004
Mastitis is a common maternal health problem which can lead to serious infant health problems such as poor growth and HIV infection. Anti-secretory factor (AF), which can be induced in milk by maternal consumption of a low-cost cereal product, has been associated with decreased mastitis. Consumption of cereals which induce ...
Blum Janet Whatley JW College of Nursing and Health Professions, University of Southern Maine, Gorham, Maine 04038-1032, USA. - - 2004
To examine changes in activity prepregnancy to postpartum; examine postpartum activity and sociodemographic predictors of maternal well-being; and, examine maternal well-being in subjects on the basis of sport/exercise activity prepregnancy to postpartum. Ninety-one postpartum women completed a Kaiser Physical Activity Survey (KPAS) Ainsworth BE, Sternfeld B, Richardson MT, Jackson K. ...
Curley James P - - 2004
This study investigates how a targeted mutation of a paternally expressed imprinted gene regulates multiple aspects of foetal and post-natal development including placental size, foetal growth, suckling and post-natal growth, weaning age and puberty onset. This same mutation in a mother impairs maternal reproductive success with reduced maternal care, reduced ...
Biaggi Arabella - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To establish the extent of maternal mortality in Italy in between 1980 and 1996 in order to compare it with the international data. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective study on maternal deaths in Italy from 1980 to 1996. Data have been collected by Italian Statistic Institute (ISTAT). We ...
Thonneau Patrick F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the maternal mortality ratio in maternity units of reference hospitals in large west African cities, and to describe the distribution of complications and causes of maternal deaths. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective descriptive study in twelve reference maternities located in three African countries (Benin, Ivory Coast, Senegal). Data (clinical ...
Healy C Mary - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Passively acquired maternal antibodies protect infants from many pathogens. With increasing reports of infant pertussis, we evaluated pertussis antibodies in maternal-infant paired sera from 1999-2000. METHODS: Antibodies to pertussis toxin (PT), filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA), and fimbrial proteins (FIM) were measured by validated IgG-specific enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA) in 64 ...
González-Mariscal Gabriela - - 2004
Virgin rabbits exposed to foster pups for 14 days did not show maternal responsiveness. However, surgical removal of the accessory olfactory bulbs (AOB) activated maternal responsiveness (crouching over the litter inside the nest box for about 3min, which is the normal duration of a nursing bout) in 37% of virgin ...
Karmaus W - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Identifying the protective effect of a higher number of siblings is a significant finding in understanding the aetiology of allergic sensitization, asthma, eczema, and hayfever. Knowledge about causes behind the sibling effect may allow us to prevent atopic manifestations. OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that rising order of live ...
Obimbo Elizabeth M EM Department of Pediatrics, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, - - 2004
Pediatric human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection follows a bimodal clinical course with rapid progression in 10-45% of children before the age of 2 years and slower progression in the remainder. A prospective observational study was undertaken to determine predictors of mortality in HIV-1-infected African infants during the first ...
Obiechina, NJA; Department of ...
Objective: To determine the causes and rate of maternal mortality at St. Charles Borromeo Hospital Onitsha and compare these with other parts of the country. Methods: A retrospective analysis of maternal deaths over a six year period at St. Charles Borromeo Hospital, Onitsha was done. Results: Between period January 1995 ...
Odland Jon Oyvind - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: This paper describes a comprehensive assessment of the association of concentrations of essential and toxic elements in maternal and neonatal body fluids and the placenta as predictors of birth weight and newborn body mass index (BMIC) for deliveries in northern Norway and Russia. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cross-sectional study ...
Brace Victoria - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the incidence of severe maternal morbidity in Scotland and determine the feasibility of doing so. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: All 22 consultant led maternity units in Scotland, between 1 October 2001 and 30 September 2002. POPULATION: Women during pregnancy and the puerperium. METHODS: Definitions for 13 ...
Aali Bibi Shahnaz - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to assess the frequency, epidemiological factors, complications, and outcome of severe preeclampsia and eclampsia and compare them according to severity of the condition in Kerman, southeastern Iran. MATERIAL/METHODS: A prospective study was performed on 200 consecutive cases of severe preeclampsia and eclampsia referred to the Kerman ...
Hobson R Peter - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND METHOD: The aim of this study was to examine whether a mother's sensitivity towards her one-year-old infant is related to the infant's propensity to engage in 'triadic' relations--that is, to orientate to an adult's engagement with objects and events in the world, for example in sharing experiences with ...
Myers Michael M - - 2004
The number, amplitude, duration, and bout structure of isolation-induced ultrasonic vocalization (USV) of infant rats (Rattus norvegicus) were measured on postnatal Day 10. Measurements were made before and after a brief, 1-min, active interaction with their mother or before and after a "pick-up" control procedure. Consistent with prior studies, the ...
Stein Aryeh D - - 2004
It has been suggested that maternal undernutrition results in facultative adjustment of the sex ratio at birth among humans, favouring females. We tested this hypothesis using data from the Demographics and Health Survey of Ethiopia for 2000. Our data provide at best limited support for the suggestion that maternal nutritional ...
Wilson Craig M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: There is a continuing need to evaluate sustainable interventions for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV type 1. We evaluated different concentrations (0.25%, 1%, and 2%) of chlorhexidine (CHX) for perinatal maternal and infant washes to identify the maximum tolerable concentration of CHX for such an intervention. METHODS: ...
Todd Wendy A - - 2004
Disaggregated data, vital statistics, and a comprehensive literature review were used to assess the relationship between Hawaiian maternal predictors and infant health outcomes. Despite near universal health care coverage, Hawaiians continue to use less prenatal care, have average rates of low birth weight and the highest infant mortality rates compared ...
Hammel E A - - 2004
This is an analysis of maternal survival of up to 13,202 mothers following 56,546 births in south central Slavonia (Croatia) in the period 1714-1898, using automated family reconstitution of 23,307 marriages, 112,181 baptisms, and 94,077 burials from seven contiguous Catholic parishes. Physiological factors have the effects commonly expected. Maternal risk ...
Rossi Emma - - 2004
The purpose of the study was to further evaluate the relationship between maternal height and neonatal ponderal index and length. A total of 774 triplet sets with matched maternal stature was available for analyses. We found a significant correlation between maternal height and infant length for both nulliparas (R2=0.70, p=0.04) ...
Uzoigwe S A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Maternal death in developing countries is still high and the causes are multifactorial. The unbooked primigravidae with severe pre-eclampsia/eclampsia constitute a high risk group. METHODS: The data from case notes of all maternal deaths which occurred at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH), Port Harcourt between 1st ...
Alexander Sophie - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To use PERISTAT data on indicators of maternal mortality and morbidity to explore maternal health outcomes in Europe, and to discuss the implications of variations in the data sources for these indicators. STUDY DESIGN: The PERISTAT feasibility study provides the source for this descriptive study, covering 15 European countries. ...
Pattinson R C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether severe acute maternal morbidity (SAMM, 'near misses') can be used as a surrogate of an analysis of maternal deaths to describe the pattern of severe maternal disease and avoidable factors related to it. DESIGN: Prospective, descriptive study. SETTING: A SAMM and maternal mortality audit was conducted ...
Ronsmans C - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Process evaluation has become the mainstay of safe motherhood evaluation in developing countries, yet the extent to which indicators measuring access to obstetric services at the population level reflect levels of maternal mortality is uncertain. In this study we examine the association between population indicators of access to obstetric ...
Leenhouwers J I - - 2003
The objectives of this study were to analyze the incidence of different categories of stillborn piglets in relation to genetic merit for farrowing survival of sows and litters and to analyze relationships of total number of piglets born per litter, average BW of the litter, and within-litter variation in BW ...
Heath Kathleen Marie - - 2003
This study tests the grandmother hypothesis and analyzes the effect of kin propinquity on infant mortality in a 19th century American frontier communal, polygynous population. The study shows that the presence of maternal grandmothers, aunts, uncles, and paternal aunts were significantly associated with increased infant survivorship while grandfathers, paternal grandmothers, ...
Cochet L L Medical Research Council Maternal and Infant Health Care Strategies Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of - - 2003
To analyse severe acute maternal morbidity (SAMM) and maternal mortality in the Pretoria region over a 2-year period (2000-2001). Public hospitals in the Pretoria region, South Africa, serving a mainly indigent urban population. A descriptive study was performed whereby women with SAMM and maternal deaths were identified at daily audit ...
Adamu Yusuf M - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence and causes of maternal mortality as well as its temporal distribution over the last decade (1990-1999). STUDY DESIGN: All maternal deaths recorded within the study period in the State of Kano, Northern Nigeria, were analyzed. Maternal mortality ratios (MMR) were computed using the Poisson assumption ...
Singer Lynn T - - 2003
The associations of infant medical risk, prematurity, and maternal psychological distress with the quality of maternal-infant interactions during the first year of life were evaluated in a prospective, longitudinal follow-up from birth. A total of 103 high-risk very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia, 68 low-risk VLBW infants ...
Spencer Hamish G - - 2003
I derive several properties of the model proposed by Gavrilets for maternal selection at a single diallelic locus. Most notably, (i) stable oscillations of genotype frequencies (i.e., cycling) can occur and (ii) in the special case in which maternal effects and standard viability selection act multiplicatively, maternal selection effectively acts ...
Nelson Antonia M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the results of nine qualitative studies related to the transition to motherhood, using Noblit and Hare's method of meta-synthesis development. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Sociological Abstracts, and Dissertation Abstracts, using the keywords transition, adaptation, motherhood, and mother. STUDY SELECTION: Studies were evaluated for inclusion related to ...
Nagata Masako - - 2003
Although evidence exists pointing to the impact of maternal depression in puerperium upon mother-child interaction, longitudinal studies on this perspective are rare. Hence, this study was designed to examine the association between maternity blues and maternal attachment in the puerperium with depression in the mother and attachment after 1 year ...
Geelhoed Diederike W - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To measure the impact of the Safe Motherhood Initiative (SMI) on hospital-based maternal mortality since its start in 1987. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of all 229 maternal deaths in a district hospital in rural Ghana, between 1 January 1987 and 1 January 2000. Main outcome measures were maternal mortality ...
Airede L R - - 2003
The aim of this study was to determine the magnitude of adolescent maternal deaths at the Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital (UDUTH), Sokoto. We also studied the associated and causative factors, and recommended strategies for their prevention. This was a retrospective, cross-sectional study of adolescent maternal deaths that occurred at ...
Thompson Angus H - - 2003
The effect of Alberta's health reform on length of stay for maternity cases and on subsequent mothers' rehospitalization was examined in the present study. The data set included all Alberta acute care hospital separation records from 1991/92 to 1996/97 inclusive. A logistic regression was applied to the data in order ...
Lewis Gwyneth - - 2003
Avoiding maternal deaths is possible, even in resource-poor countries, but requires the right kind of information on which to base programmes. Knowing the level of maternal mortality is not enough; we need to understand the underlying factors that led to the deaths. Each maternal death or case of life-threatening complication ...
Biliker Mehmet Ali - - 2003
All maternal deaths are considered as a social injustice. For this reason, governments should take necessary measures to make motherhood safer. In order to prevent premature deaths of women, causes of deaths must be known. In Turkey, the latest survey conducted in hospitals in selected 53 provinces. This hospital-based survey ...
Masuda Kentaro - - 2002
G protein beta3 subunit C825T polymorphism, which has previously been studied in association with common disorders in adults such as hypertension and obesity, has been focused upon recently for a possible important role in fetal metabolism. Japanese are characterized by having equal allele frequencies for this polymorphism. In this study, ...
Hill M - - 2002
Five 3beta-hydroxy-5-ene steroids involved in the metabolic route from pregnenolone sulfate to dehydroepiandrosterone and its sulfate, of which three are known allosteric modulators of neurotransmitter receptors, were monitored in the serum of 20 women around parturition. In addition, their levels in maternal and umbilical serum were compared at delivery. On ...
Pallin Daniel J - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the usefulness of computer-assisted active surveillance in identifying maternal deaths in New York City. METHODS: Computerized searches of hospital discharge and autopsy record databases were conducted for maternal deaths occurring in 1997. RESULTS: Active surveillance revealed 14 new maternal deaths not previously reported, an 88% increase. ...
Muro Masami - - 2002
To determine the influence of diurnal variation in maternal movements (MM) on fetal heart rate (FHR) accelerations, 24-hour maternal heart rates (MHR), MM and FHR recordings were made simultaneously on nine healthy pregnant women at 36-39 weeks of gestation. Correlations between the diurnal variations in maternal factors and FHR parameters; ...
Vandecruys Hilde I B - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare the severe acute maternal morbidity (SAMM) and maternal mortality in the Pretoria Academic Complex for the year 2000 and the years 1997-1999. STUDY DESIGN: SAMM and maternal mortality was identified at daily audit meetings. The audit was performed from 1 January 2000 to 31 December 2000 and ...
Huth-Bocks Alissa C - - 2002
The present study examined the impact of domestic violence on maternal and infant health by assessing maternal health during pregnancy and infant health at two months postpartum. Two hundred and two women (68 battered and 134 non-battered) were recruited from the community and completed both pregnancy and 2-month postpartum interviews. ...
Lech Medard M - - 2002
Monitoring and evaluating maternal mortality in African countries is impossible without specific and reliable data and indicators. This study of maternal mortality using the 'Sisterhood Method' was undertaken in Swaziland. The crude data on 'sisterhood mortality' were obtained from the 1993-94 Multi-Purpose Household Survey carried out by the Central Statistics ...
Aite L - - 2002
AIM: To assess the impact on maternal anxiety of a multidisciplinary approach in prenatal management of fetal surgical anomalies. DESIGN: A case-control study was undertaken: Group A (cases) consisted of 16 couples receiving a prenatal multidisciplinary counselling, Group B (controls) was represented by 16 couples, who received diagnosis of the ...
Onwuhafua P I - - 2002
This paper aims to stimulate discussion and awareness of this double tragedy of obstetric practice in the tropics. This was an 8-year retrospective review of all the patients who died undelivered in a tertiary health care institution serving a population of over a million people. The incidence of dying undelivered ...
Currie Lea - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of the Factor V Leiden mutation in children and maternal-infant pairs in pregnancies affected by severe pre-eclampsia with unmatched normal controls. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Department of Women's and Children's Health, The Canberra Hospital, Garran, ACT, Australia. SAMPLE: Forty-eight maternal-infant pairs where the index ...
Audu L R - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the institutional maternal mortality ratio, risk factors, causes and to suggest ways of preventing or reducing the maternal deaths. SUBJECTS & METHODS: A descriptive study based on hospital case records of all maternal deaths at the Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, between January 1990 and December ...
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